Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Monatshefte

Journal Information
ISSN : 0028-3649
Published by: Schweizerbart (10.1127)
Total articles ≅ 226
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Latest articles in this journal

B.J. Reddy, R.L. Frost
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Monatshefte, Volume 2004, pp 525-536;

Visible, near-infrared, IR and Raman spectra of magnesian gaspeite are presented. Nickel ion is the main source of the electronic bands as it is the principal component in the mineral where as the bands in IR and Raman spectra are due to the vibrational processes in the carbonate ion as an entity. The combination of electronic absorption and vibrational spectra (including near-infrared, FTIR and Raman) of magnesian gaspeite are explained in terms of the cation co-ordination and the behaviour of CO32– anion in the Ni–Mg carbonate. The electronic absorption spectrum consists of three broad and intense bands at 8130, 13160 and 22730 cm–1 due to spin-allowed transitions and two weak bands at 20410 and 30300 cm–1 are assigned to spin-forbidden transitions of Ni2+ in an octahedral symmetry. The crystal field parameters evaluated from the observed bands are Dq = 810; B = 800 and C = 3200 cm–1. The two bands in the near-infrared spectrum at 4330 and 5130 cm–1 are overtone and combination of CO32– vibrational modes. For the carbonate group, infrared bands are observed at 1020 cm–11 ), 870 cm–12), 1418 cm–13) and 750 cm–14), of whichν3, the asymmetric stretching mode is most intense. Three well resolved Raman bands at 1571, 1088 and 331 cm–1 are assigned to ν3, ν1 and MO stretching vibrations.
Mohssen Moazzen, Mohssen Moayyed, Monir Modjarrad, Esmail Darvishi
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Monatshefte, Volume 2004, pp 489-507;

Ştefan Marincea, Delia-Georgeta Dumitraş, Gabriel Diaconu, Essaïd Bilal
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Monatshefte, Volume 2004, pp 464-488;

, Matt Weier
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Monatshefte, Volume 2004, pp 445-463;

Raman spectroscopy has been used to study a selection of vivianites from different origins. A band is identified at around 3480 cm-1 whose intensity is sample dependent. The band is attributed to the stretching vibration of Fe3+ OH units which are formed through the autooxidation of the vivianite minerals either by self-oxidation or by photocatalytic oxidation according to the reaction: (Fe2+)3(PO4)2˙8H2O + 1/2O2 → (Fe2+)3– x(Fe3+)x(PO4)2(OH)x˙(8–x)H2O in which some of the water of crystallization is converted to hydroxyl anions. Complexity of the OH stretching region through the overlap of broad bands is reflected in the water HOH deformation modes at 1660 cm–1. Using the infrared bands at 3281, 3105 and 3025 cm–1, hydrogen bond distances of 2.734(5), 2.675(2) and 2.655(2) Å are calculated. Vivianites are characterised by an intense band at 950 cm–1 assigned to the PO4 symmetric stretching vibration. Low Raman intensity bands are observed at ~1077, ~1050, 1015 and ~ 985 cm–1 assigned to the phosphate PO4 antisymmetric stretching vibrations. Multiple antisymmetric stretching vibrations are due to the reduced tetrahedral symmetry. This loss of degeneracy is also reflected in the bending modes. Two bands are observed at ~ 423 and ~ 456 cm–1 assigned to theν2bending modes. For the vivianites four bands are observed at ~ 584, ~ 571, ~ 545 and ~ 525 cm–1 assigned to the ν4modes of vivianite.
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