Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan
ISSN / EISSN : 2302-707X / 2540-8828
Published by: Universitas Airlangga (10.20473)
Total articles ≅ 120
Latest articles in this journal
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 10, pp 11-17; doi:10.20473/jbk.v10i1.2021.11-17
Child survival can be reflected in the presence of the Infant Mortality Rate (IMR). Indonesia has an Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) according to the 2017 IDHS, which reaches 24 deaths per 1000 live births. This figure has decreased compared to a survey conducted by the 2012 IDHS, where infant mortality reached 32 deaths per 1000 live births. Even though it experienced a decrease, the IMR in Indonesia was higher when compared to the IMR in other Southeast Asian countries. Socioeconomic factors for individuals, families, and communities, including the influence of infant mortality. Not only that, but infant mortality can also be due to the absence of awareness of maternal health. Thus, this study aims to determine several variables related to survival in infants in Indonesia. This type of research is a non-reactive study. This study uses quantitative analysis and a methodical approach with a cross-sectional approach that takes data from the 2017 IDHS. This study took a sample following the 2017 IDHS with the criteria that mothers who had babies still drank breast milk, were born single, and were still alive after the first three days in Indonesia. The number of respondents in this study was 7,599 mothers with babies. Analysis of the research data using Chi-Square analysis. Bivariable analysis shows that infants' survival has a relationship with the mother's education, type of area, and welfare level. However, infant survival also has no association with the age of the mother and birth attendants. Counseling pregnant women regarding risks, causes,
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 10, pp 61-67; doi:10.20473/jbk.v10i1.2021.61-67
Indonesia is currently taking on the challenge of the relatively high number of neonatal deaths influencing maternal and child health. Premature birth is the most significant contributor to the number of neonatal deaths. The occurrence of premature birth is motivated by various risk factors. Knowing the magnitude of the relationship between several risks, namely maternal age, location, parity, and maternal smoking habits with preterm birth incidents was the aim of this study. The 2017 Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS) was a source of data used. This study employed a cross-sectional approach and then processed the results with univariate and bivariate tests. The results showed a relationship between maternal age and residential area with the premature birth, where mothers under 20 years and over 35 years had a higher probability of giving birth prematurely. The area of residence, which was divided into rural and urban, also had a relationship with premature birth. The parity and smoking habits showed no association with preterm birth. Education, Antenatal Care (ANC), and other various efforts to emphasize maternal and child health care during pregnancy need to be continuously improved to reduce preterm birth rates in Indonesia.
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 10, pp 18-27; doi:10.20473/jbk.v10i1.2021.18-27
Human life quality in an area can be determined through the Human Development Index (HDI). One of the fundamental components for the HDI composition is the Life Expectancy Rate (LER). Even though DKI Jakarta Province has a high HDI, research on the factors that influence LER is still fascinating to do. This study aims to compare the survival probability of the DKI Jakarta residents based on gender (male and female) and marital status (unmarried and married) variables. This study analyzed the lifespan data of 464 people who were calculated from birth to death in 2017. The data were analyzed using a lifetime analysis method with a parametric approach which refers to selecting the probability distributions that best fits the research data. The results showed there was no difference in survival probability between the male and female populations. Meanwhile, married residents have a greater survival probability than those who were unmarried. Thus, the Provincial Government of DKI Jakarta needs to increase the percentage of the married population to increase LER, leading to an increase in regional HDI, for example, through economic empowerment programs and optimization of the Planning Generation (GenRe) program.
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 10, pp 76-85; doi:10.20473/jbk.v10i1.2021.76-85
Surabaya, as a provincial capital, carries a big burden in population control. Besides the issue of incoming migration, it is also influenced by population growth due to fertility. Implementing family planning programs can serve as a solution to control the population. This study aimed to analyze the data trends of active family planning participants and operational field activities related to family planning in the city of Surabaya in 2019. Secondary data were sourced from the monthly publication of the East Java BKKBN, namely the Hasil Analisis dan Evaluasi Program Kependudukan Keluarga Berencana dan Pembangunan Keluarga (KKBPK) Program in 2019. The data used included active family planning participants and field operational activities which are operational data of car movements for services, coordination meetings, mobile family planning teams, and outreaches to Field Advisors of Family Planning / Petugas Lapangan Keluarga Berencana (PLKB) or Penyuluh Keluarga Berencana (PKB), and IEC conducted by religious or community leaders. The data comprised of participants’ activeness in family planning activities and operational field activities in Surabaya from January to December in 2019. Descriptive analysis methods were used to explain trends in data. The data had the same pattern for both active participants and operational field activities in the final quarter. The trend of active family planning participants increased by 2.3% from January to December 2019, but the trend of field operational data decreased by 11.6%, 9.35%, 9.35%, 6.45%, and 8.03%.
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 10, pp 94-104; doi:10.20473/jbk.v10i1.2021.94-104
This analysis aimed to examine the relationship between family development and risky adolescent sexual behavior in Indonesia. The data were taken from the 2018 Performance and Accountability Survey with a family and adolescent questionnaire; thus, the relationship between parents and adolescents could be identified. The statistical analysis methods used were descriptive and inferential analyses, with the unit of analysis being 15,556 teenagers who dated. The results of the logistic regression analysis (Model 1) by using all the independent variables simultaneously found that sexual risk behavior was mostly found in in boys, age categories 20-24 years, and participants who never had access to PIK-R. Risky sexual behavior was also dependent on whether participants agreed to have relations sexual before marriage, and also the level of education of their parents. The logistic regression analysis (Model 2) found residence, gender, level of adolescent education, age categories, agreement to have sexual relations before marriage, age groups of head of family, gender of head of family, education level of head of family, work status of head of family, economic status, and the activeness of the BKR activities contributed to adolescents committing risky sexual behaviors.
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 10, pp 45-52; doi:10.20473/jbk.v10i1.2021.45-52
Diphtheria is an acute disease that attacks the airways and causes deaths. The risk factors for diphtheria are low Diphtheria-Pertussis-Tetanus (DPT) immunization coverage and an unhealthy home environment. One effort to control diphtheria is by providing information in the form of the patient's location that makes it easier to determine the target group of people intervened. The city of Surabaya experienced an increase of 50 diphtheria cases from 2017 to 2018. This study aimed to map and analyze diphtheria cases based on DPT immunization and healthy homes from 2017 to 2018 in the city of Surabaya. This study was classified descriptive analytic and used an ecological design. This study used the Pearson's correlation coefficient statistical test to analyze secondary data from the Surabaya City’s Health Profile of 2017 to 2018. This study employed the Health Mapper 126.96.36.199 application and SPSS software version 23. The study variables were diphtheria cases, DPT immunization coverage, and the percentage of healthy homes in 2017 and 2018 in Surabaya. The results of the statistical test indicated that there was a moderate relationship between DPT basic immunization coupon with the number of diphtheria cases in 2018 (p = 0.007; OR = 0.471); while the percentage of healthy homes and the number of diphtheria cases in 2018 showed a strong correlation (p = 0.002; OR = 0.544). The city experienced an increase in the number of diphtheria cases from 2017 to 2018, as well as the rise in DPT immunization coverage and the percentage of healthy homes, which tended to be stagnant. DPT immunization coverage and the percentage of healthy homes based on the 2018 data were related to the number of diphtheria cases in Surabaya. Counseling for the people in the city should be conducted to ensure that their children get DPT immunization and maintain environment cleanliness for a healthy home.
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 10, pp 86-93; doi:10.20473/jbk.v10i1.2021.86-93
Premarital sex is a growing social issue in Indonesia. The number of adolescents who conduct premarital sex has increased over the years. This study aimed to analyze the determinants of premarital sex behavior among adolescents in Indonesia. The study used secondary data from the 2017 Indonesian Demographic Health Survey (IDHS) with a total of 22,583 adolescent participants. The chi-square and multiple logistic regression were performed to assess the association of premarital sex behavior with socio-demographic status, tobacco, alcohol, and drug use. The results revealed that premarital sex was associated with sex, age, education level, smoking status, alcohol consumption, and drug use. Adolescents who had drunk alcohol were almost twenty times more likely (AOR = 19,888; 95% CI = 16,124-24,531) to have premarital sexual intercourse compared to adolescents who had not. The results found that premarital sex was strongly correlated with addictive substance use. Therefore, the government should formulate integrated health intervention programs to prevent risky health behaviors among adolescents. These can include integrating education on the dangers of smoking, alcohol consumption, and drugs into the Generation Planning or Generasi Berencana (GENRE) program, or Pusat Informasi dan Konseling Remaja (PIK R) or Youth Information and Counseling Center, which focuses on reproductive health in one package.
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 10, pp 35-44; doi:10.20473/jbk.v10i1.2021.35-44
The pregnancy intention can be divided into two, namely the desired pregnancy and unwanted pregnancy/Kehamilan Tidak Diinginkan (KTD). Unwanted pregnancy can cause negative impacts on the mother, such as not carrying out antenatal care (ANC) and abortion. Besides, babies born from KTD are more at risk of experiencing low birth weight and not getting breast milk/Air Susu Ibu (ASI) from their mothers. Therefore, the risk factors of pregnancy intention need to be known to prevent the incidence of KTD in Indonesia. This study analyzes the risk factors for pregnancy intention in Indonesia, such as maternal age, parity, sex of the baby born, mother's work status, education level, type of area of residence, family economy, and history of contraceptive use or family planning/Keluarga Berencana (KB). The research design was cross-sectional with analysis using logistic regression statistical tests. This study used secondary data from the 2017 Demographic Health Survey (DHS) with 14,778 subjects. The results of this analysis are the risk factors for pregnancy intention in Indonesia, namely the age of the mother (p-value = 0,000 and OR = 1.403), parity (p-value = 0,000 and OR = 2,860), the type of area of residence (p-value = 0,000 and OR = 1,518) and history of use of family planning (p-value = 0.000 and OR = 0.711). The risk of adverse events is greater in mothers aged 35 years, parity more than 3, residing in urban areas, and having a history of using family planning. There is no significant relationship between the sex of the baby, the mother's employment status, education level, and family economy on pregnancy intention.
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 10, pp 53-60; doi:10.20473/jbk.v10i1.2021.53-60
The Air Pollution Standards Index (APSI) is an indicator that shows how clean or polluted the air is in a city. It also portrays the health impacts towards the people who breathe it in. Based on the Indonesian Ministry of Environment monitoring through the Air Quality Monitoring Station (AQMS), the city of Surabaya only had 22 up to 62 days of air categorized as good in a year. The purpose of this study was to forecast APSI as a scientific-based reference for making decisions and policies that were appropriate in tackling the effects of air pollution on health. This study was non-obstructive or non-reactive research. The research method used was time series to identify the time relationship. The data used were secondary data taken from the APSI documents from 2014 to 2019 at the Surabaya City Environment Agency. The results of this study obtained the best model through α (0.8), γ (0.5), and δ (0.6) with the values of MAPE (0.104355), MAD (0.00842), and MSD (0.001050) calculated with the Holt-Winters exponential smoothing method. The highest produced forecast value of APSI was in September 2020, and the smallest was in January 2020. This study suggests the government of Surabaya to create policies and programs to suppress the number within APSI.
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 10, pp 68-75; doi:10.20473/jbk.v10i1.2021.68-75
The rapid increase of population growth yearly is a problem that Indonesia generally faces. Various efforts to resolve this problem have been done by the government, one of which is the Family Planning Program and strategies for the use of contraception. Intra-Uterine Device (IUD) is one contraception type that remains unpopular, with only 6.6% of users in 2018. One of the factors assumed to affect the contraceptive use is spouse support. The aim of this study was to analyze and then summarize the findings on the correlation between husband support and the use of IUD in women of childbearing age. Ten studies with certain criterias that had been selected from various databases were used in the meta-analysis. The data were analyzed with the Comprehensive Meta-Analysis 2 trial version. Based on the analysis, husband support was a factor correlated with the use of IUDs in women of childbearing age (p = 0.000).