Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2302707X / 25408828
Current Publisher: universitas airlangga (10.20473)
Total articles ≅ 80
Current Coverage
DOAJ
Archived in
SHERPA/ROMEO
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Latest articles in this journal

Pratiwi Purbaningrum, Iswari Hariastuti, Arief Wibowo
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 8, pp 52-61; doi:10.20473/jbk.v8i1.2019.48-57

Abstract:Intrauterine Device (IUD) is one type of contraceptives that is made from flexible plastic and implanted in the uterus. The IUD is included as a long-term contraception which is very effective in regulating the distance of pregnancy, is reversible, and can be worn by women of all reproductive ages. Therefore, the government is doing all kinds of effort to the number of IUD users. Surprisingly, the number of women using the IUD has kept decreasing every year. This study aims to analyze the factors affecting the low use of IUD contraception in East Java in 2015. The data were obtained from the Mid-term Development Plan Survey in 2015 by taking a sample from all the women who were willing to be interviewed in the Mid-term Development Plan Survey in East Java Province with the following characteristics: being 15–49 years of age, being married, not getting pregnant, and were still using contraceptions. There were 1,220 respondents who could be interviewed. The result of binary regression testing with a significant degree of 5% yielded three significant variables, namely age (P-value = 0.002), education (P-value = 0.000), and birth control service (P-value = 0.000). Healthy women who were around 15–19 years old, had low education, and had limitted access to private birth control services tended to avoid the IUD contraception more. Therefore, it is expected that the government is making cooperation with the related sectors in an attempt to increase the use of IUD contraceptives in the East Java Province in 2015 with more emphases on age, education and birth control service locations.
Aftina Eka Rahmayanti, Nurul Fitriyah
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 8, pp 21-31; doi:10.20473/jbk.v8i1.2019.19-29

Abstract:Being the main pilar of development, there is still a need to develop the qualities of human resource. These qualities of human resources consist of level of health and emotional and spiritual maturities that can be assessed from a child starting from the fetus stage to the age of 6 years old. During this period, a child is in a serious need of nutritious and balanced food, education, and care for various aspects so that her or she can grow and develop optimally through a good family development. The aim of this research was to describe family development program trends throughout the so-called activity group of Bina Keluarga Balita (BKB). Hence, this study used the descriptive quantitative approach. The data were collected from the results of the KKBPK survey on 2017 family RPJMN. The results howed that family knowledge on BKB increased by 43% (in 2017) compared to 41% (in 2016), family parenting experiences in the nurturing children who where under five-years of age and of pre-school ages mostly consisted of distribution of nutritious food, amounting to 72.9% (2015), 70.8% (2016) and 73.4% (2017), accompanying children to play which reached 39.25% (2015), 57.2% (2016) and 63.5% (2017), and giving the opportunity to their children to play with their peers which amounted to 52.2% (2015), 72.0% (2016) and 78.0% (2017). In conclusion, family development trends through the Bina Keluarga Balita activity group showed an increased from year 2015 to 2017. Moreover, the index of parenting experiences and growth and development of children under five years of age and of pre-school ages was 66.7% in year 2017 (index range 0–100), which had fulfilled the strategic planning target.
Rica Frastia Prahardani, Lutfi Agus Salim
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 8, pp 93-99; doi:10.20473/jbk.v8i1.2019.87-93

Abstract:Gestation is the growth of an embryo which starts from conception and ends at the beginning of labor. The most common direct causes of complications in pregnancy respectively are preeclampsia (28.7%), bleeding (22.42%), and infection (3.45%). The most common infection that is experienced by mothers due to complications of pregnancy is due to premature ruptured membranes (65%). The purpose of this study was to determine the characteristics of pregnant women who experienced premature ruptured membranes at Assalam Hospital, Gemolong. This is a descriptive study with a cross-sectional design. The population is all pregnant women with premature ruptured membranes (KPD) at Assalam Hospital, Gemolong, in April–May 2015, totalling 36 women. The sample was all pregnant women with premature ruptured membranes (KPD) at Assalam Hospital, Gemolong, throughout April–May 2015 and the sampling technique used was non probability sampling. The secondary data were obtained from medical record data at Assalam Hospital, Gemolong, from April to May 2015. The results showed that the characteristics of pregnant women with KPD were that they were mostly 20–35 years of age (91.7%), had primiparous parity (63.9%), were mostly working mothers (72.2%), and had secondary education (80.6%).
Ananda Riska Mita Izati, Hari Basuki Notobroto
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 8, pp 11-20; doi:10.20473/jbk.v8i1.2019.10-18

Abstract:Forecasting is a systematic attempt to predict future events usingpast data, based on scientific and qualitative methods. For the maternal health program, forecasting is important as its process consists of planning, targetting and achievement. Based on data from the Ministry of Health, the quality of antenatal care in Indonesia was still low (87.48 percent) compared to that of the national target (95 percent). This study aims to apply the methods of artificial neural network in predicting the antenatalcare (K4). This applied research used a descriptive method with secondary data in the form of monthly antenatal care visits (K4) from the year of 2012 to2015 obtained from the Provincial Health Office of East Java, with a case study in Bondowoso. The forecasting result in 2016 based onthe 12-4-1 network architecture was 9533.5698, with the value of Mean Square Error (MSE) of 3091.84404. The average percentage of errord based on a comparison with the actual data is 0.1854 or reaching the accuracy of 99.81 percent. The conclusion of this study is that a neural network has a low error value and a high accuracy.Therefore, forecasting results can be used as an input in the planning program.
Elza Nur Fitriyah
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 8, pp 42-51; doi:10.20473/jbk.v8i1.2019.39-47

Abstract:Pneumonia is the leading cause of death among children under five years of age in the world. Based on Riskesdas 2007, in Indonesia the percentages of infants and children under five years who died due to pneumonia were 23.8 percent and 15.5 percent respectively. Using a non-reactive unobstructive method, this study aimed at analyzing the relationship between nutrition and the immunization status and the incidence of pneumonia among children under two years old. This study employed secondary data of Laporan Bulanan Kesehatan Ibu dan Anak dan Laporan Gizi (monthly reports of maternal care, child wellbeings, and nutritions) at Bulak Banteng primary health center in the year of 2015. The sample in this study was 604 children under two years selected using a simple random sampling method. The data was obtained by collecting data of children under two years and the incidence of pneumonia among children under two years at Bulak Banteng health center in 2015. Using a bivariate analysis, it showed that there was relationship between variables of age, sex, immunization, and nutritional status, and the incidence of pneumonia. The p value and OR variables used respectively are 0.00 OR 3.6; 0.00 OR 1.6; 0.00 OR 3.2 and 0.00 OR 16.6. The conclusion of this study is that there was a significant relationship between the variables of age, sex, immunization, and nutritional status and the incidence of pneumonia among children under two years. The advice to primary health centers is to give PMT (additional nutritious food) to children under two years without good nutritional statuses and to monitor the health status of patients who have pneumonia with home visits to avoid recurrence.
Marius Iban, Diah Indriani
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 8, pp 62-71; doi:10.20473/jbk.v8i1.2019.58-66

Abstract:Low birth weight (LBW) has greater risk for experiencing problems. Based on Indonesian DHS data in 2012, the province with the highest infant mortality rate estimate was West Papua amounting to 75 per 1,000 live births. This study used logit and probit regression models to analyze the factors that caused low birth weight. It is thought that by comparing both logit and probit models, the best results could be obtained. The results of research showed that the independent variables that affected babies with LBW were the distance of pregnancy and maternal parity. If the distance of pregnancy was less than 2 years, it would increase the incidence of LBW by 2.7 times (p: 0,00: CI 1b: -4,05;CI ub: -1,50). Moreover, the distance of pregnancy which was less than 2 years would only improve LBW by 19.4 percent, compared with the distance of the pregnancy that was more than 2 years which would increase infant weight by 80.6 percent. As with maternal parity between 0 and more than 4, there was a chance of increasing the incidence of LBW by 1.94 times (p: 0,00; CI 1b: -2,66;CI ub: -1,21). On the other hand, maternal parity of 0 and parity > 4 would improve LBW by 74.2 percent, and a parity of 1 to 4 would only see 25.8 percent improvement. The result of this study suggested that there should be improvement in health promotions, such as family planning cuonseling and consultation for eligible couples.
Istianatul Ula, Rifanda Bachraini Firdaus
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 8, pp 1-10; doi:10.20473/jbk.v8i1.2019.1-9

Abstract:Human resources in the health sector need to be improved on both the aspects of quality and quantity. This is important for development planning. According to BPS in 2017 the population of East Java was 39,292,972 people, while in 2018 there were 39,500,851 people. Data from SISDMK revealed that there were 1,821specialist doctors in 2017 and 2,531 in 2018. This qualitative research was aimed at understanding and exploring deeply the secondary data obtained from the 2017–2018 SISDMK. The data was analyzed using Spectrum Software for population projection and human resource health needs. The results showed that the population projection of East Java kept increasing. In 2020 it will reach 39,886,288 people, and in 2030 there will be as many as 42,329,015 people. The projection of the number of specialist doctor needs in East Java in 2020 is 4,387, which will keep increasing to 5,079 in 2030. The ratio of specialist doctors in 2020 will be 36.26 per 100,000 population, and in 2030 it will be 35.27 per 100,000.
Monita Destiwi
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 8, pp 32-41; doi:10.20473/jbk.v8i1.2019.30-38

Abstract:One of the problems being faced by Indonesia is the population explosion. The increasing population is a result of the increasing birth rate. To lower thebirth rate the use of long acting contraceptive methods is being promoted. Based on data from SDKI 2012, the percentage of the the use of contraceptives in East Java is still dominated by the use of short acting contraceptive methods (80.99 percent). Meanwhile the long acting contraceptive methods are still lacking in use. One type of long acting contraceptive methods is implant. This study is aimed at exploring the factors that influence the use of implants in the East Java Province based on data from SUSENAS 2015. This is a non-reactive study which used a secondary data analysis with a cross-sectional design. The sample was taken from the data of female respondents of SUSENAS 2015 who were 15–49 years old, used implant methods and lived in East Java. Chi square test and logistic regression were used to analyze the data.The results showed that women who were 30 years of age or older (OR = 3.653), had at least three children (OR = 2.563) and had previous experinces with modern contraceptives (OR = 0.109) affected the use of contraceptive implant methods in East Java. It is expected that by conducting education and socialization on the use of contraceptive implants for family planning to couples at reproductive ages, the use of contraceptive implants can be more optimized.
Pratiwi Purbaningrum, Iswari Hariastuti, Arief Wibowo
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 8, pp 52-61; doi:10.20473/jbk.v8i1.2019.52-61

Abstract:Intrauterine Device (IUD) is one type of contraceptives that is made from flexible plastic and implanted in the uterus. The IUD is included as a long-term contraception which is very effective in regulating the distance of pregnancy, is reversible, and can be worn by women of all reproductive ages. Therefore, the government is doing all kinds of effort to the number of IUD users. Surprisingly, the number of women using the IUD has kept decreasing every year. This study aims to analyze the factors affecting the low use of IUD contraception in East Java in 2015. The data were obtained from the Mid-term Development Plan Survey in 2015 by taking a sample from all the women who were willing to be interviewed in the Mid-term Development Plan Survey in East Java Province with the following characteristics: being 15–49 years of age, being married, not getting pregnant, and were still using contraceptions. There were 1,220 respondents who could be interviewed. The result of binary regression testing with a significant degree of 5% yielded three significant variables, namely age (P-value = 0.002), education (P-value = 0.000), and birth control service (P-value = 0.000). Healthy women who were around 15–19 years old, had low education, and had limitted access to private birth control services tended to avoid the IUD contraception more. Therefore, it is expected that the government is making cooperation with the related sectors in an attempt to increase the use of IUD contraceptives in the East Java Province in 2015 with more emphases on age, education and birth control service locations.
Fifi Novitasari, Nurul Fitriyah
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 8, pp 83-92; doi:10.20473/jbk.v8i1.2019.83-92

Abstract:Pregnancy is a thing that cannot be separated from myths, especially in a developing country like Indonesia. There are cultural traditions in Indonesia, especially those related to myths which are still populer in the society and are not accordance with the health principles which eventually will affect the wellbeings of pregnant women and the fetuses. In Mojosarirejo, there are still many pregnant women who believe in myths and their parents’ superstitious suggestions about pregnancy. The purpose of this study is to find out the knowledge of pregnant woman about pregnancy related myths in the village of Mojosarirejo, the District of Driyorejo, Gresik Regency. This research falls into the category of a descriptive study. 25 pregnant women were taken as the sample. The results of the study showed that there were still many social aspects related to personal support coming from husbands (80%) and advice from parents during pregnancy (96%). Meanwhile, there were also many pregnant women who still believed on the cultural aspects of avoiding certain foods or doing certain behaviors. It was also revealed that only 68% of these pregnant women who knew that certain pregnant-related behaviors were merely myths.