Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan
ISSN / EISSN : 2302-707X / 2540-8828
Current Publisher: Universitas Airlangga (10.20473)
Total articles ≅ 120
Latest articles in this journal
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 9, pp 87-94; doi:10.20473/jbk.v9i2.2020.87-94
One of the indicators determine the wellness of Family Planning Program is the high number of participants enrolling, or commonly known as the Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (CPR) and the number of children born known as the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of a maximum of 2 children. There are several regions in East Java where the situation of TFR and CPR does not show the ideal conditions. This shows that there are problems in the current family planning program. This research was conducted to map districts and cities in East Java based on TFR and CPR data respectively in quadrant form. This type of research is on-reactive research which utilizes secondary data from Indonesia - National Socio-Economic Survey in 2015. The research method used is recapitulating data and classifying districts and cities in the form of quadrants by comparing to data on achievement of TFR and CPR in East Java using SPSS. The results of the study have mapped districts and cities in East Java which are described in quadrant form. The regions that need major attention from the government are regions in quadrants I and II. Quadrant III is included in an abnormal condition and quadrant IV is a quadrant that has an area where TFR and CPR conditions are ideal. The conclusions of this study are the areas in quadrant I, namely: Sampang (district), Blitar (city), Blitar (district), Tulungagung (district), Ponorogo (district), Madiun (city), and Pasuruan (city) are the priority in getting the FP program improvements. The advice that can be given is to evaluate the ongoing family planning program to find out the factors that cause the TFR and CPR conditions are not in line with government expectations.
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 9, pp 104-111; doi:10.20473/jbk.v9i2.2020.104-111
Indonesia is one of the countries with the highest percentage of child marriages in the world (rank 37) and the second highest in ASEAN after Cambodia. Government has issued regulations in order to reduce child marriage rates, however the results are still not significant. Economic, social, and cultural factors are significant factors in child marriage phenomenon. This study aims to analyze the relationship between spouses' age, knowledge of Adolescent Reproductive Health, age when first sexual intercourse happened, education, spouses' education, media exposure, wealth quintile index and the age of first marriage for women in East Java. This study is non-functional research using The Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey 2017 (IDHS) data with a sample size as many as 4,491 women whom got married at 15–24 years old. Data were analyzed using univariate and multivariate techniques. The results of this study prove that the spouses' age, knowledge of Adolescent Reproductive Health, age when first sexual intercourse happened, education, spouses' education, media exposure, wealth quintile index variables are significantly related to the determinants of women's first marriage age in East Java. This study provides recommendations, including revitalizing 8 family functions, strengthening creativity and innovation in the Marriage Age Maturing program, and fostering life skills through training and empowerment programs.
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 9, pp 146-152; doi:10.20473/jbk.v9i2.2020.146-152
Unwanted pregnancy is a world problem. In 2008, there were 208 million pregnancies in the world, and 41% of them were unwanted pregnancy. Cross-national reproductive health studies have indicated that the unwanted pregnancy rates remain substantially high in many developing regions, including in Indonesia (Bearak et al. 2018). Unwanted pregnancies in Indonesia increased from 13.6% in 2012 to 16% in 2015. The high rates of unwanted pregnancies are often linked to the gaps in family planning services such as the effective use of contraceptive methods which is also influenced by family socioeconomic backgrounds such as their occupational status. Using the case study at health clinics of PKBI in East Java, this paper attempts to explore the association or relationship between the risk of unwanted pregnancy among couples of childbearing age (CCA) with their use of contraceptive methods and occupational status. A quantitative method of a case-control research design was applied by using a random sampling technique. The study was 50 women couples of childbearing age (15–45 years), who had unwanted and wanted pregnancies. Simple correlation analysis shows that the association are relatively significant between the occurrence of an unwanted pregnancy with the long-term contraceptive use (p-value = 0.008), and with the employed in occupational status (p-value = 0.027). However, there is no correlation between the unwanted pregnancy occurrence with the short-term contraceptives use (p-value = 0.118). The study concludes that the use of short-term contraceptive methods and the employed status can still affect the risk of unwanted pregnancies, while the effective use of long-term contraceptive method has a vital role in preventing unwanted pregnancies.
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 9, pp 161-170; doi:10.20473/jbk.v9i2.2020.161-170
The success of the Family Planning program can be measured from the ratio of the use of the Long-Term Contraceptive Method by the couples of childbearing age in each region. The approach used in the Family Planning program is a regional approach, so this study aimed to group sub-districts based on the proportion users of the Long-Term Contraceptive Method by couples of childbearing age in Sidoarjo in 2018. This study was non-reactive study, which is a type of research using secondary data. The data source came from the Report of the Office of Women's Empowerment and Child Protection, Family Planning Sidoarjo in 2018. This study used cross-sectional design with the K-Means Clustering model data analysis. The results of this study produced three regional clusters: Cluster 1 with a low success rate sub-districts category with 8 sub-districts; Cluster 2 with a medium success rate category that has 6 subdistrict members; and Cluster 3 with a high success rate category consisting of 4 sub-districts in Sidoarjo. Based on the study results, broad accessibility was needed to obtain information so that the level of the Long-Term Contraceptive Method users in Sidoarjo increases.
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 9, pp 153-160; doi:10.20473/jbk.v9i2.2020.153-160
Poisson regression is used on discrete data (count) for the formation of the model. There is often a violation in Poisson regression analysis assumptions i.e., overdispersion, which means the average value of the data is smaller than the value of the variance. The number of multibacillary leprosy (MB) in 31 Surabaya districts orderly from 2015 to 2017 has increased as many as 127 cases, 140 cases, and 158 cases. This study aimed to model the number of MB leprosy in Surabaya in 2017 with a Negative Binomial regression in overdispersion. This was quantitative research with a descriptive method that uses secondary data. The data sourced from Surabaya City Health Profile in 2017. The independent variables studied include BCG immunization coverage, the percentage of healthy houses, the percentage of Households with Clean and Healthy Behavior (HCHB), the percentage of the male population, and the population density level. MB leprosy incidence modeling with Poisson regression proved to be overdispersed so that the Negative Binomial regression was used to overcome it. The variable that influenced the MB leprosy incidence with a Negative Binomial regression analysis was the percentage of healthy houses (p = 0.019). MB leprosy occurence will decrease if the percentage of healthy houses increases. The percentage of healthy houses in Surabaya was 86.99%, which increased compared to the previous year with an increase of 1.78%. Public awareness about healthy houses is required to reduce the number of MB leprosy in Surabaya.
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 9, pp 95-103; doi:10.20473/jbk.v9i2.2020.95-103
The signs of puberty in teenagers are including physical changes such as breast development (thelarche), pubic hair growth (pubarche) and armpits, menarche, and ovulation. Menstruation that occurs for the first time is known as menarche. Teenagers facing menarche require good preparation since anxiety and fear will likely appear. Anxiety that occurs makes teenagers experience selective attention that disrupts their concentration. Preliminary studies that have been conducted by researchers are known to have elementary school students who experience anxiety facing menarche in Pademawu (sub-district) as the subjects. This study aims to analyze the relationship between readiness and anxiety level of elementary school students facing menarche in Pademawu, Pamekasan (district). The quantitative cross-sectional study is a research design chosen by researchers. The number of research samples of 75 students was obtained through cluster random sampling. The clusters used as research samples are in different schools and the same sub-district. Multinomial logistic regression is a statistical test for analyzing data. The results of the study were 49.3 percent of students had sufficient knowledge about menarche. As many as 38.7 percents of students received family support about moderate menarche. Furthermore, 68 percent of students were not ready to face menarche, and 45.3 percent of students experienced moderate anxiety. In the statistical test results obtained a correlation value of 0.001. In this research, it is known that there is a relationship between readiness and anxiety level in dealing with menarche in elementary school students in Pademawu, Pamekasan. Family willingness and support are factors that influence respondents' anxiety in facing menarche. Parents are expected to be active in educating their daughters by providing information and motivation in dealing with menarche.
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 9, pp 137-145; doi:10.20473/jbk.v9i2.2020.137-145
One of the ways to synergize various parties in anticipating and overcoming problems as a result of population dynamics is to increase the role of teachers through the establishment of Sekolah Siaga Kependudukan (SSK). This study aims to analyze the implementation of the SSK in East Java in 2019. The analysis was using descriptive analysis method. Secondary data on the number of schools that have SSK program is obtained through the area of population control by National Board Population and Family Planning Representative in East Java. Primary data related to problems and solutions in schools associated with the implementation of the SSK program were obtained by in-depth interviews conducted with heads of sub-fields and staff working in the area of Population Control. In 2017, National Board of Population and Family Planning Representative of East Java initiated the formation of SSK in 3 districts and cities. From 2017 to August 2019, the number of schools in East Java that have participated in the SSK program were 58 Senior High Schools and 24 Junior High Schools. Only 20.8% of schools that have met the SSK's criteria of success, namely (1) have a decree on the formation (2) have a nameplate, (3) the establishment of a population corner, (4) the integration of population material on subjects in the form of Lesson Plan (LP), and (5) community-related activities. Implementing SSK program in East Java still needs to be improved, especially in forming population corner. Students follow the integration of SSK materials into school subjects and the presence of population-themed activities through advocacy and coordination with stakeholders in districts and cities. The SSK program also requires increased socialization of activities at schools.
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 9, pp 130-136; doi:10.20473/jbk.v9i2.2020.130-136
The family planning program has a very appropriate role in addressing population growth. Most family planning participants chose injections and pills, while medical operative for women contraceptives (tubectomy) and medical operative for men (vasectomy) are the least preferrable. Based on National Board of Population and Family Planning data 2017, the majority of new family planning participants in Indonesia are dominated by family planning participants who use non-long-term contraception methods by 79.48% of all new family planning participants. The use of long-term contraceptive methods from year to year has increased compared to non-long-term contraceptive methods, but there is more interest in acceptors to use non-long-term contraceptive methods. The research objective is to examine the relationship between demographics, socio-economics, husband's support, and the use of medical operative for women contraceptives device (tubectomy). The research type is inferential research with cross-sectional design. The sample in this study was 40 EFAs, of which 20 EFAs used medical operative for women contraceptives (tubectomy), and 20 couples of childbearing age used non-medical operative for women contraceptives (tubectomy). The study results showed that the level of education, age, income, and husbands' motivation are not related to the use of medical operative for women contraceptives (tubectomy). However, the number of children is related to the use of medical operative for women contraceptives (tubectomy). The researcher's suggestion is to conduct education-related for pregnancy management so that the people can estimate the number of children, the distance of pregnancy, and the risk of pregnancy.
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 9, pp 121-129; doi:10.20473/jbk.v9i2.2020.121-129
Nearly 15 % of babies worldwide are born with LBW. The proportion of LBW in East Java was 6.61% higher compared to nationwide 6.2% in 2018. The East Java ranked third for the highest IMR in Indonesia, LBW as the most significant cause (42%). One of determinants for birthweight is ANC. The proportion of the first ANC was 88.25%, and the complete ANC was 80.2% in East Java in 2018. The proportion of the province's complete ANC was lower than the national by 95.2%. This research is a secondary quantitative data analytic, sourced from the Health Profiles of East Java Province in 2018. This study aims to describe the strong correlation between LBW and IMR and ANC in the province of East Java using Pearson correlation analytic. The results showed that there was a correlation with influential and unidirectional forces between LBW and IMR. There was a correlation of moderate strength between the complete ANC visit and LBW. There wasn’t significant correlation between the first ANC and LBW. The government in East Java must make solution to increase complete ANC visit by searching the causes factors of low proportion of it.
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 9, pp 112-120; doi:10.20473/jbk.v9i2.2020.112-120
Family Planning Program is a government program designed as an effort to control population. The government initially recommends non-hormonal contraception, however in Indonesia, the use of non-hormonal contraception is less desirable by women of childbearing age. Most women of childbearing age in Indonesia prefer to use hormonal contraception. The study was conducted to determine the relationship between age, education, occupation, residential area, number of children alive, health insurance, husband’s support by determining the type of contraception in women of childbearing age in Indonesia. The study utilized secondary data obtained from the 2017 IDHS by using a cross-sectional design. The research sample is subjects who put the last type of contraception in a private midwivery and subjects who use implanted contraception, injections, pills, condoms, and IUD. The sample size in this study was 6,030 subjects. According to the study, several factors were found that showed a relationship with the determination of the type of contraceptives in Indonesia. These factors include age, level of education, employment status, residential area, number of children alive, and health insurance. However, the husband's support factor shows that it has no relationship with determining the type of contraceptives for women of childbearing age in Indonesia.