Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan
ISSN / EISSN : 2302-707X / 2540-8828
Published by: Universitas Airlangga (10.20473)
Total articles ≅ 144
Latest articles in this journal
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 10, pp 122-129; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v10i2.2021.122-129
Public health is influenced by environmental factors. The success of public health development can be seen from the Human Development Index (HDI). This research aims to analyze the relationship between environmental factors and the HDI in East Java in 2019. This research analyzed secondary data obtained from the East Java Provincial Health Office and published on the website of the Central Bureau of Statistics. Health Profile data in 2018 and the Human Development Index data in 2019 were used. This study used total sampling and selected all districts/cities in East Java (38 districts/cities). The Shapiro Wilk test (a sample of less than 50) was chosen to analyze the normality of the data and a Pearson correlation test was conducted to investigate the relationship between each variable. Based on our Pearson correlation analysis, we found several relationships between each variable. This study found that there is a relationship between access to decent drinking water and the HDI, as well as qualified latrines with the HDI, both with p-values of 0.000. Relationships were also found for healthy homes with the HDI with the p-value of 0.004, as well as qualified public places with the HDI with the p-value of 0.003. Finally, we found that there was no relationship between decent drinking water quality the HDI with a p-value of 0.821.
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 10, pp 191-201; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v10i2.2021.191-201
The long-term contraceptive method is an effective method for preventing pregnancies. However, users of long-term contraceptive methods are considerably lower compared to those of non-long-term contraceptive methods in South Sulawesi. The research objective was to examine the determinants of choosing long-term contraceptive methods in South Sulawesi. This study used data from the 2017 Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey by analyzing 583 married women who were using contraception in South Sulawesi. A descriptive analysis was employed to estimate the prevalence of long-term contraceptive methods. Meanwhile, the Chi-square test and logistic regression analysis were used to identify the determinants of choosing long-term contraceptive methods. The results from the descriptive analysis showed about 18.9% of the sampled married women were long-term contraception users, among those were implant users (10.2%). More married women with higher education and more parity chose to use it. The better the knowledge about the type of contraception, the greater the chance to use long-term contraceptive methods. Women who were told about side effects, sources of government services, and free fees were significantly influenced to use long-term contraception. Women who received staff visits and visited health facilities were less likely to choose the long-term methods. This implies that contact with field oMKJPlong-term contraceptive methodslong-term contraceptive methodsfficers has not been able to motivate prospective acceptors to use . Improved education and knowledge, especially about types of contraception and side effects, are needed to increase women’s long-term contraception use alongside. The quality of services at free/subsidized costs also needs to be improved, and training should be given for capacity building, especially in communication skills, to family planning field officers.
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 10, pp 113-121; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v10i2.2021.113-121
The best nutrition for babies is breast milk. Breast milk should be given exclusively without any additions in the first six months. According to previous research, a woman’s age at marriage will affect the practice of exclusive breastfeeding to their babies, as young mothers are often not ready to have and care for babies. The work status of mothers also has a large impact on exclusive breastfeeding practices. The goal of this study was to discover the correlation between age at marriage and the work status of mothers with exclusive breastfeeding practices. This research was an observational study with the subjects being 94 mothers of children aged 0-5 years in Ngringinrejo Village, Kalitidu District, Bojonegoro Regency from 3 July to 9 August, 2019. This study used data from the professional placement activity or Praktik Kerja Lapangan (PKL) conducted by the students of the public health study program of Airlangga University. The outcome of this research showed that there was no meaningful relationship between the age of marriage of mothers and practices of exclusive breastfeeding (p-value = 0.973) and there is also no statistical relationship between the work status of mothers and exclusive breastfeeding practices (p-value = 0.276). However, it was discovered that mothers who gave exclusive breastfeeding were mostly not working, and mothers who did not breastfeed exclusively were mostly in employment. The conclusion of this research is the absence of a correlation between age at marriage and the work status of mothers with exclusive breastfeeding.
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 10, pp 144-152; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v10i2.2021.144-152
The age of a woman when giving birth to her first child needs to be a concern because it is related to the safety of the mother and baby. A woman being too young or too old increases the risk of death for both the mother and baby. Every woman giving birth for the first time is likely to experience psychological disorders such as anxiety and excessive fear during labor, and even postpartum depression. Given the importance and possible extent of the consequences of women giving birth for the first time, this study intended to assess the factors that influence the age at first birth, especially amongst women of childbearing age in East Java. These factors include the age at first marriage, education, and region. The method used was the extended Cox regression model. The analysis shows that the age at first marriage and education are factors that significantly influence the age at first birth. The more mature the age at first marriage, the more mature the age at first birth. Likewise, the higher the educational status, the higher the potential for giving birth to a first child over the age of 23, especially amongst women who graduated high school and university.
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 10, pp 138-143; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v10i2.2021.138-143
Fertility is an important indicator for the success of state development, especially in the health sector. It can be estimated through direct and indirect methods. This study aimed to determine the fertility rate in East Java province indirectly using the Palmore Formula. This study was a descriptive analysis using secondary data from the 2015 Inter-census Population Survey / Survei Penduduk Antar Sensus (SUPAS). It calculated the rate directly and manually. The Total Fertility Rate (TFR) was at 2.02 per two children born by each mother in East Java province. It was compared with the national average published by the Central Bureau of Statistics within 5 periods of SP1990, SUPAS 1995, SP2000, SUPAS 2005, and SP2010. In each period, the rate was lower without any difference. The Palmore Formula is considered a good method for estimating fertility rates.
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 10, pp 171-180; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v10i2.2021.171-180
Angka Kematian Bayi (AKB) adalah jumlah kematian bayi usia di bawah satu tahun untuk setiap 1000 kelahiran bayi lahir hidup dalam kurun waktu satu tahun. IMR merupakan indikator penting dari status kesehatan dari masyarakat dalam suatu daerah. Hal ini sejalan dengan Sustainable Development Goals (SDG’s) yang ke tiga yaitu memastikan kehidupan yang sehat dan mendukung kesejahteraan bagi semua untuk semua usia. AKB dihasilkan melalui estimasi langsung dari Survei Demografi dan Kesehatan Indonesia (SDKI). Akan tetapi, dalam SDKI 2017, AKB hanya bisa menghasilkan indikator pada level nasional. Hal ini disebabkan estimasi langsung dari AKB di beberapa provinsi memiliki nilai Relatif Standard Error (RSE) yang besar dan ukuran sampel yang tidak mencukupi. Dalam jurnal ini, kami mempelajari Small Area Estimation (SAE) menggunakan metode Empirical Best Linear Unbiased Prediction (EBLUP) level area untuk mengatasi keterbatasan estimasi AKB di level provinsi. SAE dilakukan dengan meminjam kekuatan beberapa variabel dari data Potensi Desa (PODES) yang berkorelasi kuat dengan AKB tingkat provinsi di Indonesia. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa SAE menggunakan metode EBLUP memiliki nilai RSE yang lebih kecil dibandingkan estimasi langsung dari SDKI. Sehingga, dapat dikatakan bahwa SAE menggunakan metode EBLUP baik untuk memperkirakan AKB level provinsi di Indonesia pada tahun 2017.
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 10, pp 105-112; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v10i2.2021.105-112
Tuberculosis (TB) can infect all age groups, even children. Three provinces in Indonesia namely West Java (14%), Papua (13%), and Bangka Belitung provinces (11%) have the highest proportion of children with TB disease. Some previous research reveals that there is a relationship between exclusive breastfeeding and BCG immunization status of children with TB disease. This current study identified the increasing trend of children (aged 0-14 years) with TB disease in Bangka Belitung province based on the coverage of exclusive breastfeeding and BCG immunization. It was observational research with a cross-sectional design. Data were retrieved from seven districts/cities in Bangka Belitung province in 2015-2017. The unit of analysis was the number of overall TB cases, the percentage of BCG immunization coverage, and exclusive breastfeeding. The data were analyzed using the Health Mapper application version 220.127.116.11 with product version 4.03. The number of children (aged 0-14 years) with TB disease increased from 2015-2017, and BCG immunization coverage and exclusive breastfeeding decreased in 2015-2016 only, but swelled in 2016-2017. The number of TB cases was still high despite the high coverage of exclusive breastfeeding and BCG immunization. Several factors such as the quality of vaccines and exclusive breastfeeding might influence the prevalence of TB in children. Future studies should employ more variables to garner more references.
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 10, pp 130-137; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v10i2.2021.130-137
Maternal mortality cases in Indonesia are still high. The Population Survey Census Rates or Survey Penduduk Angka Sensus (SUPAS) data in 2015 found a total of 305 maternal deaths per 100,000 births. Maternal mortality cases can be caused by complications of pregnancy. The age of the pregnant women are linked to their risk for complications during pregnancy. Parity can also affect pregnant women's health conditions. Health problems that can be faced by pregnant women of a risky age and parity are bleeding, which can cause pregnant women to experience anemia. Several studies have found a significant relationship between age and parity with the incidence of anemia in pregnant women. Therefore, it is important to test the relationship between age and parity on the incidence of anemia in pregnant women in Mayangrejo, Bojonegoro. The purpose of this study was to find the relationship between age and parity in the incidences of anemia in pregnant women. The result showed that there is no relationship between age and parity in the incidences of anemia in pregnant women in Mayangrejo, Bojonegoro. This result may be due to the fulfillment of nutritional needs and good knowledge about the risks of pregnancy.
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 10, pp 153-161; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v10i2.2021.153-161
The Mardia MVN test, Henze Zikler's MVN test, and Royston's MVN test are the most widely used tests to analyze multivariate normal (MVN) data, but there have not been many studies explaining the advantages and disadvantages of these tests. The research objective was to analyze the difference in test strength and type II (β) error in the Mardia MVN test, Henze Zikler's MVN test, and Royston's MVN test. The research data were analyzed using three MVN tests, namely the Mardia MVN test, Henze Zikler's MVN test, and Royston's MVN test. The results of the analysis in the form of test strength and type II error (β) would be compared at alpha (α) 1%, 5%, 10%, 15%, 20%, and 25%. The comparison results explained that the Mardia test had the greatest test strength and the smallest type II (β) error. The study concluded that the Mardia MVN test was a multivariate normal test better than Henze Zikler's MVN test and Royston's MVN test.
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 10, pp 162-170; https://doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v10i2.2021.162-170
Using contraception is essential for protecting women from the risk of unintended pregnancy. However, contraceptive discontinuation, caused by side effects of contraceptives or health problems, is still high. This study aimed to assess the impact of injectable and pill contraception discontinuation due to side effects or health problems on unintended pregnancy among women aged 15-49 years in Indonesia. This study is based on the 2017 Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey. As many as 1,613 women who discontinued their oral contraceptives and 5,022 women who discontinued their injectables were followed retrospectively. Pregnancy rates were tested for differences between categories using survival analysis. It was found that one year after stopping contraceptives due to side effects, almost 16-17% of oral/injectable contraceptive users were already pregnant. The pregnancy rate was higher among women aged less than 25 years. Unplanned pregnancy occurred more frequently among women who were not working than women who were working. Counseling services need to be strengthened by improving provider knowledge and skills to give comprehensive information including contraceptives’ side effects.