Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan
ISSN / EISSN : 2302707X / 25408828
Current Publisher: universitas airlangga (10.20473)
Total articles ≅ 60
Latest articles in this journal
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 7; doi:10.20473/jbk.v7i2.2018.105-112
Abstract:Nutritional status could be determined based on Body Mass Index, Waist circumference, and Mid-Upper Arm Circumference. Weight measurement to check nutritional status, it was known that there were 82.81% of obese sufferers from 70,023 people who were examined. Nutritional status was a condition caused by a balance between food intake and nutritional needs. Good nutritional status was needed if you want to achieve optimal health status.Nutritional status was very important for women of childbearing age in preparation for pregnancy, during pregnancy, childbirth and after childbirth. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors related to nutritional status of women of childbearing age of family planning participants at Pacarkeling Health Center Surabaya in 2017.This study was non-reactive because it used secondary data as a source of analysis. The time of this study was March to April 2018. The age factor showed a p-value of 0.013, which meant significant. The number of live children factor showed a p-value of 0.022, which meant significant. The types od contraception factor showed a p-value of 0.259, which meant not significant. Factors that affect the nutritional status of women of childbearing age of family planning participants at Pacarkeling Community Health Center in 2017 were age and number of live children. For women of childbearing age, it is hoped that it can improve its nutritional status in preparing for pregnancy, pregnancy, childbirth, and postpartum so that there will be no problems in nutritional status in the future. For Pacar Keling Health Center, it can improve the quality of health workers so they can continue to strive for counseling about nutritional status to the community, especially women of childbearing age.
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 7; doi:10.20473/jbk.v7i2.2018.149-159
Abstract:Path analysis was a statistical analysis technique which was developed from multiple regression analysis. This method was used to analyze the causal relationship that involve many variables such as maternal mortality rate (MMR). Many variables influenced the MMR but it was not easy to find the dominant variable because it will create problems multicolinearity. Therefore it used path analysis to analyze the direct and indirect effects in the incidence of MMR based on the model of causal relationship.The purpose of this study to apply path analysis on factors that affect maternal mortality rate in East Java province. This study was a non-reactive using data SUSENAS and East Java Provincial Health Profile 2014 on maternal mortality rate in all districts in East Java using path analysis. The results of path analysis showed that there was influence between the variables of women who married at age
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 7, pp 97-104; doi:10.20473/jbk.v7i2.2018.97-104
Abstract:LBW classified as one of children health problems in Indonesia which impacts Infant Mortality Rate (IMR). According to Riskesdas 2010, LBW in Indonesia was noted approximately 11,1%, while in East Java was noted approximately 10,1%. This study aims for knowing a pattern of LBW on the 5 years latest in the East Java since that LBW is regarded as the public health indicator because it affects bigger for the children’s life in further. This study was descriptive research within quantitative approach using the secondary source from Health Profile of East Java Province during 2012 until 2016. Based on this method, city has a large number of LBW patience are Madiun (8.6%), Situbondo (5%) and Bondowoso (4.6%). Pattern of LBW cases in East Java were fluctuative and did not change to better yet. In conclusion, 3 cities who have the high percentage number of LBW was caused an illness during the women’s pregnant and the lack of knowledge about the nutrition proposition. It showed that the program who done by the government for decreasing the number of LBW in East Java was not efficient yet, so, it is needed an intervention in advance.
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 7, pp 113-121; doi:10.20473/jbk.v7i2.2018.113-121
Abstract:Infant mortality is a major component in determining the health and well-being of a community in a country. Indonesia Health Demographic Survey in 2012 shows that infant mortality rate in Indonesia is 32 babies per 1000 live births. Infant mortality rate in eastern Java is 26 babies per 1000 live births. Infant mortality is caused by external factors and internal factors. Parity, gestational distance and birth attendant are the factors chosen to be analyzed. The objectives of the study were to analyze the relationship of parity, birth spacing and birth attendant to infant mortality rate in East Java. The type of research that is analytical research using non-reactive approach. The study took the data of the 2012 IDHS Female Woman Never married. Sampling followed the 2012 IDHS plus inclusion criteria from the researchers. The number of samples of the study was 591 mothers with a history of dead infants during the survey. The study took the data of the 2012 SDKI Female Woman Never married. Data analysis was done by multiple logistic regression. The results of the simple logistic regression analyzes have shown an association between parity> 2 children, birth attendants instead by a health professional, pregnancy spacing ≤ 4 years and spacing of pregnancy> 4 years. All independent variables entered as a candidate for the multiple logistic regression analysis of the results of the multiple logistic regression analysis was parity shows, their relationship with infant mortality with p value = 0.001, but at birth attendant with a p value of 0.66. Screening risks of pregnant mothers and handling of ill toddlers by midwives and IEC to mothers about nutrition, pregnancy care and infant care through counseling, leaflets and posters.
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 7, pp 160-167; doi:10.20473/jbk.v7i2.2018.160-167
Abstract:Exclusive breastfeeding is one effort made to suppress infant mortality rate. The failure of exclusive breastfeeding practices is closely related to the behavior of breastfeeding. Social culture brings about traditions and beliefs that are often used as guidelines for behavior in the community. Belief has formed into a thing that is beliefed and will be the basis for a person to behave. Tradition is obtained through generations and become individual habits. The purpose of this study is to assess the relationship between exclusive breastfeeding and belief and tradition.This is an analytic research with cross sectional approach. Random sampling technique was used. The population was all breastfeeding mothers who had babies aged 6-12months. The sample obtained were 57respondents. The variables studied were breast feeding mothers’ beliefs and traditions on exclusive breastfeeding. Beliefs about giving complimentary foods to infants and the breastfeeding-related traditions in the community were associated with the implementation of exclusive breastfeeding. Data analysis showed that there was a significant relationship between belief (p value = 0,045) and tradition (p value = 0,019) with exclusive breastfeeding in RW XI of Kelurahan Sidotopo. In conclusion, there is a relationship between belief and tradition in society with practice of exclusive breastfeeding. It is recommended that all sectors address belief and traditions in the effort to support exclusive breastfeeding programs.
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 7, pp 141-148; doi:10.20473/jbk.v7i2.2018.141-148
Abstract:Tuberculosis is a disease caused by bacterial infection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis that can be transmitted from the patient to the surrounding environment including humans, which attacks the lung organ and other organs in the body. Based on the epidemiological triangle, infectious diseases are caused by 3 factors such as agent factor, host and environment. One of the host factors of Tuberculosis is HIV/AIDS, where many Tuberculosis infections are common in people with HIV/AIDS. From environmental factors causing Tuberculosis disease is a condition of less healthy house. Tuberculosis incidence in East Java Province in 2015 amounted to 44,063 which increased from 2014 that is as much as 42,475. This research was conducted to analyze the influence between HIV/AIDS and healthy house case against Tuberculosis incident in East Java Province. This research is a kind of analytical research using non-reactive method. The research sample used is total population consist of 29 regencies and 9 cities in East Java Province. Technical analysis of the research using multiple linear regression test. The results showed that there was a significant influence between HIV/AIDS cases on Tuberculosis occurrence in East Java (p-value = 0,000), and there was no significant influence between healthy house on Tuberculosis incidence in East Java Province. The conclusion of this study is that there is a significant relationship between HIV/AIDS cases and Tuberculosis cases in East Java Province. The HIV / AIDS and tuberculosis cases in East Java need to be improved by the Provincial Government of East Java such as providing information related to HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis and screening HIV/AIDS.
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 7, pp 178-187; doi:10.20473/jbk.v7i2.2018.178-187
Abstract:Maternal mortality rate is one of indicator in assessing the welfare of the community in a region. The high level of Maternal Mortality Rate is a low level signals of public health. Data on maternal mortality in the city of Surabaya shows a decrease in the last 6 years from 144.66 in 2012 to 79.40 in 2017. Although it has shown a decline in progress, this figure still puts Surabaya as the second largest contributor to maternal deaths in East Java in 2017. The study aims to describe the determinants of maternal mortality in Surabaya based on contextual, intermediate and proxy determinants for 2015-2017. This research is descriptive by using secondary data in the form of recapitulation of Maternal Verbal Autopsy (OVM) data on maternal deaths at Surabaya City Health Office The results showed that based on education, the majority of mothers who died had secondary education of 52.29% (57 people). Based on work, the majority of mothers have jobs as housewives of 68.81% (75 people). Based on the age of the mother, the majority of deaths occurred in women aged 20-34 years with a percentage of 66.97% (73 people). According to parity, the majority of mothers who died occurred during pregnancy of the second child by 31.19% (34 people). Based on the period of death, the majority occurred in the puerperium with a percentage of 66.97% (70 people). According to the cause of single death, the majority of maternal deaths were caused by pre-eclampsia/eclampsia with a percentage of 26.61% (29 people). This study recommends the need for early recognition of mothers about antenatal care and danger during pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium period and increased alertness of health workers to complications of pregnancy, especially in mothers with a history of disease.
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 7, pp 122-130; doi:10.20473/jbk.v7i2.2018.122-130
Abstract:National health development strategy has resulted in improved public health status. One of indicators public health is Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR). Maternal Mortality Rate is a health problem that still many still occur in Indonesia. One factor contributing to high incidence of maternal mortality is lack of antenatal care attention. Antenatal care is an important and mandatory thing done by mother during pregnancy because it can maintain the health of mother and fetus until the birth process. Antenatal care can identify the risk of complications experienced by the mother during pregnancy. Participation of antenatal care not only from wife, but participation of pregnancy care can also be from support of the closest person is husband. Husband role is needed in the care of pregnancy because wife needs a lot of biological and psychological support. Purpose of research is to know characteristics husband to antenatal care in Mulyorejo. Type of research is descriptive with cross sectional using qualitative method. Techniques data collection using questionnaires with the sample number of respondents is 20 husbands who have pregnant wives. Respondent is taken from Mulyorejo Health Center data. Analysis Method with descriptive statistics by displaying the frequency in the form of tables showing the categories of characteristics husband. This study lasted for one month in October to November 2017. The results showed that characteristics of husbands in antenatal care in Mulyorejo is sufficient category. Knowledge of husband is 14 people (70%), husband attitude is 10 people (50%), and husband behavior is 13 people (65%).
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 7, pp 168-177; doi:10.20473/jbk.v7i2.2018.168-177
Abstract:The success of a nation in the future will be largely determined by the quality of adolescents in the present. Therefore, adolescent's personal life must be prepared as early as possible in order to achieve optimal quality. The main program that support the achievement of youth quality is the Generasi Berencana (GenRe) program. This research aims to analyze the description of GenRe program implementation in Indonesia and in East Java Province based on the 2017 Survey of performance indicators on Population Program, Family Planning and Family Development. This study focuses on increasing age of first marriage, adolescent resproductive health, family development program for adolescent andCounseling Information Centers for Youth. Study found that GenRe program which covers three indicators in both Indonesia and East Java is still unoptimally implemented. In order to maximize the implementation of GenRe, this study suggest to increase the knowledge and exposure of information regarding three indicators of the GenRe Program for adolescents, families who have teenage family members and communities in the territory of Indonesia, especially in East Java Province.
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan, Volume 7, pp 131-140; doi:10.20473/jbk.v7i2.2018.131-140
Abstract:WHO (1947) defined health as a perfect condition both physically, mentally and socially and not only free from disease. The socio-economic aspect states the meaning of health if the community is able to advance its life by learning, working, or interacting with its surroundings. Public health in terms of socio-economic aspects can be seen from the conditions of population and employment. Through these two things, it can be seen the level of community welfare that can support the achievement of public health. Therefore, it is necessary to analyze population and employment conditions in Pegirian Village. This study will make it easier to carry out health-oriented development planning in order to achieve public health. This research is descriptive research with cross sectional approach. Research was conducted at RT 06 RW 02 Pegirian Village. Research was done at January 2018. This research was using secondary data from field work practices report of student FKM UNAIR 2018. Age data, gender, education, job, and tribe were used in this research. The results showed that the male population was 52.63%. The population aged 15-64 years was 70.18%. As many as 93.86% of the population was Madura Tribe. The percentage of the population that works and has the last primary education level or less was 68.29%. The population generally worked at 73.68%. Work force was 39.47%. LFPR was 53.57% and open unemployment rate was 8.89%. Public health conditions from the scope of population and employment in RT 06 RW 02 Pegirian Village Semampir Subdistrict are not good enough. Although, the population of productive age is high, the LFPR is still low. In addition, the level of education is still low so the quality of labor is also low.