Riau Journal of Empowerment

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2654-4520 / 2623-1549
Published by: FKIP Universitas Riau (10.31258)
Total articles ≅ 52
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Muhammad Faisal Ibrahim, Ngatini Ngatini
Published: 31 December 2021
Riau Journal of Empowerment, Volume 4, pp 139-148; https://doi.org/10.31258/raje.4.3.139-148

Abstract:
Pangkah Kulon is one of the villages in Gresik Regency which is located in Ujung Pangkah District, Gresik, East Java. The lack of public knowledge about fish processing makes people required to be more creative in increasing the selling value of fish into processed products. So far, fresh fish caught by fishermen are sold directly to middlemen, while fresh fish that do not pass the sorting is simply thrown away. To increase the economic value of fish into high selling value products, training in the production of fish crackers is carried out. The training was conducted on the socialization of creative preparations, training on the manufacture and creative industry of fish crackers. In this training, participants (fishermen's wives) are trained to operate production equipment, from dough making, milling, to cutting. The knowledge and skills provided can be used as a pioneering effort for the fish cracker creative industry which is a favorite food for the community in general. In addition, it is also a business opportunity that can increase household income.
Rina Nuryati, Faqihuddin Faqihuddin, Cici Aulia Permata Bunda, Januar Arifin Ruslan
Published: 31 December 2021
Riau Journal of Empowerment, Volume 4, pp 175-183; https://doi.org/10.31258/raje.4.3.175-183

Abstract:
Tasikmalaya regency has great potential in the development of the livestock sector due to land use which is dominated by agricultural activities as a producer of forage. The current problem is the supply of forage which is influenced by the season. This service program aims to overcome these problems so as to increase the productivity of the livestock business. This service includes several stages, namely counseling, training, monitoring and evaluation and reporting. The time and place of the activity is from 5th June to 15th July 2021 in Setiawaras Village, Tasikmalaya Regency. Extension activities and training on feed processing with M-Bio technology have a positive impact in terms of the quantity and quality of feed. The use of local ingredients and M-Bio produces feed that can be stored for a week with complete nutrient content. In the long term, this activity will increase knowledge, skills and independence of farmers. Results of evaluation show attitude of farmers who are enthusiastic and satisfied with this activity.
, Yuanita Windusari, Laila Hanum, Hikayati Hikayati
Published: 31 December 2021
Riau Journal of Empowerment, Volume 4, pp 165-173; https://doi.org/10.31258/raje.4.3.165-173

Abstract:
One of the problems that occur in buffalo farms in tanjung pering village is that buffaloes often experience health problems caused by parasites. The results of initial observations showed that livestock showed symptoms such as dry skin, hair loss, loss of appetite, lethargy and finally decreased productivity and even death. This disease often appears during the transition from the rainy season to the dry season. Based on the results of research that has been carried out on faecal samples of swamp buffalo in the villages of tanjung pering and tanjung senai, the identification of the presence of parasite eggs of cestode, nematode and trematode. This activity aims to provide knowledge innovation to the farming community in tanjung pering village about the methods and importance of biological control as an alternative to controlling the spread of parasitic diseases. The methods used in this activity are counseling, training in the form of demonstrations and activity evaluations. The results of the extension activities show that there is an increase in the understanding of farmers about the causes and symptoms of the disease, how to handle and biological control of parasites by using the nematophagus fungus. The conclusion of this activity is the existence of continuous application of disease control using biological agents to suppress livestock populations experiencing parasitic infections.
, Aras Mulyadi, , Zulfan Saam, Adiwirman Adiwirman, Evy Rossi
Published: 31 December 2021
Riau Journal of Empowerment, Volume 4, pp 185-190; https://doi.org/10.31258/raje.4.3.185-190

Abstract:
Kuantan Singingi Regency is one of the ruminant-producing districts in Riau Province. Koto Simandolak Village, located in Benai District, Kuantan Singingi Regency, the majority of the people work as farmers. Generally, farmers in Koto Simandolak Village cultivate livestock traditionally, namely by releasing them to the wild. This condition causes several problems including livestock manure, pollution of the village environment, and conflicts with residents. This problem can be solved if the farmer wants to keep the cattle. By holding cattle, the manure will be collected directly in the cage. Animal manure can be processed and used in biogas and organic fertilizer. The Research and Community Services Team of Universitas Riau saw the potential for utilizing livestock manure waste in Koto Simandolak Village. The Team conducts training and assistance in the installation of biogas reactors as well as training and mentoring in the biogas production process using livestock manure. Another output of biogas production is organic fertilizer. The ultimate goal of this service activity is to increase the income of the target community, namely through increasing livestock production, biogas production, and organic fertilizer production.
Bahri Bahri, Widodo Prastyo, Dicky Dicky Arnendra Dwi Nugraha
Published: 31 December 2021
Riau Journal of Empowerment, Volume 4, pp 149-163; https://doi.org/10.31258/raje.4.3.149-163

Abstract:
The rapid spread of Covid-19 in Indonesia led the government to impose physical distancing and Large-Scale Social Restrictions (PSBB) resulting in declining sales activity. One of the business groups affected by Covid-19 is the Fish Farming Group "Mujur Fish Farm". This devotion aims to foster the mindset and spirit of entrepreneurs, as well as increase knowledge related to the right steps so that products can be sold. The implementation method uses Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) by involving the local community. The stage of implementation is through the stage of preparation, planning, implementation and evaluation, and assessment stages. The achievement of this activity is that group members know how to build an entrepreneur mindset in the Covid-19 pandemic by staying positive and creative. The rapid spread of Covid-19 in Indonesia led the government to impose physical distancing and Large-Scale Social Restrictions (PSBB) resulting in declining sales activity. One of the business groups affected by Covid-19 is the Fish Farming Group "Mujur Fish Farm". This devotion aims to foster the mindset and spirit of entrepreneurs, as well as increase knowledge related to the right steps so that products can be sold. The implementation method uses Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) by involving the local community. The stage of implementation is through the stage of preparation, planning, implementation and evaluation, and assessment stages. The achievement of this activity is that group members know how to build an entrepreneur mindset in the Covid-19 pandemic by staying positive and creative.
Andi Muhamad Iqbal Akbar Asfar, Sharma Thaha, Ady Kurnia, Adji Syaifullah
Published: 31 December 2021
Riau Journal of Empowerment, Volume 4, pp 129-138; https://doi.org/10.31258/raje.4.3.129-138

Abstract:
The problem of rice husk waste as a result of rice processing is a major problem in Sanrego Village, especially in the Pada Elo' Farmer Group. The accumulation of rice husk waste while the land area to accommodate a lot of rice husk waste during the harvest season forced the farmer groups to burn it. However, another problem that arises is the emergence of air pollution and the results of burning rice husk waste are useless because they are not used properly. Therefore, this community service will process the potential of rice husk waste into husk charcoal by providing information, knowledge, and skills on how to process rice husk waste into rice husk charcoal which can be used as an alternative media for ornamental plants which are currently the prima donna. The implementation method consists of three stages, namely Tudang Sipulung, Mario-rio, and Mappesabbi which are taken from the Bugis tradition of having a philosophy of working together, thus directing farmer groups to participate and be fully involved (participatory by doing). The results obtained by the average partner member experienced an 82,5% increase in information and knowledge aspects as well as skills and were able to grow their entrepreneurial spirit, especially processing rice husk waste.
, , , , Kei Mizuno, Michiko Hosobuchi
Riau Journal of Empowerment, Volume 4, pp 69-81; https://doi.org/10.31258/raje.4.2.69-81

Abstract:
Ecological restoration of peatlands leads to the destruction of peatland ecosystems caused by human activities, whether intentional or not. As a result of the damage caused various kinds of problems such as land fires. Tanjung Leban Village is one of the villages with a fairly high rate of fire, especially in 2012, 2013, and 2015. Many burnt lands are left unused, which in turn becomes a fire-prone area due to the lack of control over the land. In response to this, it is necessary to carry out peatland ecological restoration activities in Tanjung Leban Village through revegetation activities. Implementation of activities with the mentoring method through village facilitators stationed in Tanjung Leban Village. The implementation process begins with socialization, which continues with group formation, procurement of seeds, land clearing, and planting. The implementation of this revegetation focuses on the participation of the community who are members of the Peat Care Community Group (MPG) in Tanjung Leban Village. This activity was carried out in the community area (group members) with an area of 14.7 ha and 14,381 plants. The number of plants is divided into 2 categories, namely natural wood species and fruit plants.
Muhammad Nur Jumadil, Widya Astuti Rinduwati, Ainun Septia Nengsi Ramli, Andi Izdihar Sricendani, Andi Maulidyisah Ekasalim, Nunik Lestari
Riau Journal of Empowerment, Volume 4, pp 119-128; https://doi.org/10.31258/raje.4.2.119-128

Abstract:
Desa Ulugalung yang terletak di Kabupaten Bantaeng sering kali mengalami masalah kelangkaan pupuk. Di lain sisi, sumber daya alam berupa jerami padi sangat melimpah disana. Akan tetapi, masyarakat tidak memiliki pengetahuan dan keterampilan yang memadai untuk mengolah jerami padi menjadi pupuk organik. Oleh karena itu diperlukan pelatihan untuk membantu masyarakat mengatasi masalah tersebut. Tujuan kegiatan pengabdian kepada masyarakat ini adalah untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan dan keterampilan masyarakat di Desa Ulugalung dalam membuat pupuk organik dengan memanfaatkan komposter tabung fermentasi berbasis teknologi. Kegiatan ini menggabungkan metode ceramah dalam menyampaikan materi pelatihan, serta metode demonstrasi untuk memberikan keterampilan dan pengalaman dalam pembuatan pupuk organik berbahan dasar limbah jerami padi. Kegiatan ini melibatkan akademisi, pemerintah, kelompok tani Pullauweng, serta masyarakat Desa Ulugalung. Hasil dari kegiatan ini menunjukkan tingkat ketercapaian tujuan dari kegiatan pengabdian ini sangat baik, dengan peningkatan pengetahuan dan keterampilan peserta sebesar 87.7%. Persentase ini menunjukkan bahwa peserta memahami pengetahuan terkait pengomposan jerami dan dapat mempraktikkan proses pengomposan jerami padi menggunakan tabung fermentasi berbasis teknologi secara mandiri.
, , Setya Widi Ayuning Permanasari, Bimo Aji Nugroho
Riau Journal of Empowerment, Volume 4, pp 83-94; https://doi.org/10.31258/raje.4.2.83-94

Abstract:
PKK (Family Welfare Empowerment) group in Ampeldento Village is a community group whose role needs to be increased, especially in improving family welfare. The problem they have is that the PKK group does not understand the potential of the narrow land owned by the family is the potential to increase family nutrition through the development of aquaponic cultivation systems. Therefore, carried out the implementation of community service programs through the development of the aquaponics system. Data collection techniques are done through interviews and questionnaires. Evaluation of community understanding of the program was carried out using pre-test and post-test. Based on the results of questionnaires and interviews before the program's implementation, it was found that 70% of respondents did not know aquaponics, 50% were not interested, 35% were hesitant in developing aquaponics independently and 45% doubted aquaponics could improve people's welfare. Results improved significantly after the program's implementation and were inversely proportional, with 95% of the community believing that aquaponics could improve welfare and 70% of respondents wanted to develop it independently. Respondents stated that vegetables produced are faster growing, tasty, green, nutritious and large.
Lizawati Lizawati, , , Hajar Setyaji, Gusniwati Gusniwati
Riau Journal of Empowerment, Volume 4, pp 59-68; https://doi.org/10.31258/raje.4.2.59-68

Abstract:
The aim of the community service activiy is to increase farmers’ knowledge and income in diversiying soybean processed products. This activity was carried out in Marga Mulya village, Rantai Rasau district, Tanjung Jabung Timur regecy which held from June until December 2019. The method used in this activity is giving education to society through the process of learning and implementation participatory (participatory learning and action), stages taken are; counseling on post-harvest technology for soybeans, practicing and implementing of making flour and soybean powder alongside with its processed products and enhancing packaging. Evaluation had done in the beginning of activity, the evaluation criteria are the number of attendance and the percentage of how active the member of farmers group in each stage. The result of this community service activity shows that most (80%) of farmer group partner undestand and able to use soy processing tool and also to create variety of soybean processed product. It shows the increment of PKM business in achieveing diversiying processed soybean products, increaseing of processed production and product resilicence, as well as rising added value of processed soybean products.
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