European Journal of Business and Management Research

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EISSN : 2507-1076
Published by: Europa Publishing (10.24018)
Total articles ≅ 535
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Grace Karemu, Musa Nyakora, Erastus M. Thoronjo, Evans Nyamboga Mandere
European Journal of Business and Management Research, Volume 6, pp 140-146; https://doi.org/10.24018/ejbmr.2021.6.5.1085

Abstract:
The objective of the study was to assess the extent of employees` involvement on performance of MTNOs in Kenya. Sub-variables used for the independent variable were: employees` autonomy, quality circles and employees` suggestion schemes. Performance of Mobile Telephone Operators in Kenya was assessed in terms of profit margins and market share. Mixed methodology was used in collecting and interpreting data. Primary data was gathered using self-guided semi-structured questionnaires and secondary data was obtained from published profit margins and percentages of market share obtained from the companies` reports. Study population was 6,167 which included all the employees in the Mobile Telephone Network Operators in Kenya and a total sample size of 361 employees was obtained but 258 questionnaires were filled and returned. Data analysis was done using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. The study hypothesis was tested at 95% confidence interval and 0.05 α level of significance. Study null hypothesis (H0) stated that: Employees` involvement does not have a positive influence on performance of MTNOs in Kenya. Regression analysis model demonstrated that employees` involvement had a positive influence on organizations’ performance of MTNOs accounting for 48.3% of the performance (R squared = .483). The study concluded that there was a significant relationship between employees` involvement and organization`s performance therefore rejecting the null hypothesis H0 at β = .695 and P = .000.
Omran Abdullah Al Mukhini, Adela P. Balasa, Shima Ibrahim Al Maqbalia
European Journal of Business and Management Research, Volume 6, pp 26-38; https://doi.org/10.24018/ejbmr.2021.6.5.1052

Abstract:
This research analyzed the transportation issues in Oman towards the economic development sustainability of the country. The primary data used in this research by doing the activity of a questionnaire. The secondary data was collected through books, articles, online sites, and journals. The study resulted that the transportation improvement is effective to enhance the economic development in Oman. The improvements in the transportation sector are very effective for the provision of more employment to the people in Oman and enhance the logistics system efficiency. In addition, there will be the improvement in the production capacity of the companies in accordance with the increase in the transportation system and it leads the economic development of Oman. The adoption of train facilities is an asset for Oman to improve the transportation system effectiveness in the future for the economic growth development. Furthermore, the improvement in the sustainability is the best solution for the improvement of the transportation system sustainability in Oman. The strategy of enhancing the transportation activities will support Oman to enhance its economic development. The strategy of adopting the latest technological advancements is supportive for the transportation industry in Oman to overcome the challenges related to the technological advancements. The strategy of improving the infrastructure of Oman is most effective for the improvement of the transportation system in Oman.
Made Theoresta Taruna Jaya Ayub, Ni Made Wulandari Kusumadewi
European Journal of Business and Management Research, Volume 6, pp 47-50; https://doi.org/10.24018/ejbmr.2021.6.5.955

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to explain the effect of price perception, product knowledge, company image, and perceived value on purchase intention. The method used is purposive sampling with a sample of 120 people. The method of data collection is through the distribution of instruments. The data analysis technique used is regression analysis. The results of this study indicate that price perception has a significant positive effect on purchase intention. This shows that the higher the price perception, the higher the intention to buy the product. Product knowledge has a significant positive effect on purchase intention. This shows that the higher the product knowledge, the higher the intention to buy the product. Company image has a significant positive effect on purchase intention. This shows that the better the company's image, the higher the purchase intention. Perceived value has a significant positive effect on purchase intention. This shows that the higher the value of a product, the higher the purchase intention.
Adisa Putra Sitohang, Nur Aktif Budiono
European Journal of Business and Management Research, Volume 6, pp 51-55; https://doi.org/10.24018/ejbmr.2021.6.5.1034

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze the effect of job satisfaction, quality of work life, and self-efficacy on employee work productivity (Case Study at PT Bank Woori Saudara Indonesia Tbk, Kebon Jeruk Sub-Branch). The population of this study was employees of PT Bank Woori Saudara Indonesia 1906 Sub-Branch of Kebon Jeruk as many as 57 employees, with a total sample of the entire population. The data analysis method used Structural Equation Model-Partial Least Square (SEM-PLS). The results of the study found that job satisfaction has a positive and significant effect on employee work productivity, quality of work life has a positive and significant effect on employee productivity, and self-efficacy has a positive and significant effect on employee productivity. It is suggested to the management of PT Bank Woori Saudara Indonesia 1906 Sub-Branch Kebon Jeruk to review the salary policy given to employees. What can be done is to apply merit pay, which is a compensation system based on employee performance.
Sina E. Charandabi, Kamyar Kamyar
European Journal of Business and Management Research, Volume 6, pp 15-19; https://doi.org/10.24018/ejbmr.2021.6.5.1056

Abstract:
This paper initially presents a nontechnical overview of cryptocurrency, its history, and the technicalities of its usage as a means of exchange. Bitcoin’s working methodology and mathematical baseline is further presented in more depth. For the remaining majority of the paper, recent cryptocurrency price data of Bitcoin, Ethereum, Tether, Dogecoin, and Binance coin was used to train a machine learning model of Feed Forward Neural Networks to predict future prices for each of the datasets. Further and in conclusion, the results are discussed, and the efficiency and accuracy of these models are evaluated.
Murat Topaloglu, Ahmet Serhat Anac
European Journal of Business and Management Research, Volume 6, pp 107-114; https://doi.org/10.24018/ejbmr.2021.6.5.1071

Abstract:
Increasing global operations of companies and advances in communication technologies in the last two decades have led companies to create virtual team, in which employees work more productively and cost-effectively from different locations. This situation required virtual team leaders to have a different perspective and management approach than the leaders who manage teams in the usual offices. Performance management is one of the vital tasks of virtual team leaders and is a multidimensional research topic for researchers interested in virtual team management. Knowing the determinants of performance will be useful in quality decision-making, problem-solving, and many other managerial processes. This research aims to explore major factors affecting virtual team performance by using a systematic literature review methodology that includes more than one hundred scientific articles. Findings of this study suggest that these factors are leadership, communication, collaboration, cohesion, commitment, conflict, interpersonal relations, knowledge sharing, feedback, trust, diversity, recognition, and empowerment.
Gideon Ericko Setiawan, Erman Sumirat
European Journal of Business and Management Research, Volume 6, pp 127-131; https://doi.org/10.24018/ejbmr.2021.6.5.1065

Abstract:
As one of the world’s most populous countries with a fast-growing economy, Indonesia's market for pharmaceuticals has become very promising. COVID-19 pandemic that outbroken since early 2020 has brought a huge impact on the overall country condition while at the same time stimulate the growth of the pharmaceutical market as it is forecasted to grow at a CAGR of 6.3% between 2016 and 2021 according to IQVIA. This situation creates a reaction in the stock market especially of pharmaceutical companies that experienced an average increase of 67% since last year with its key driver of news regarding the distribution of Sinovac vaccine by some state-owned pharma companies as part of the national vaccination program. PT. Kalbe Farma, Tbk as one of the largest pharma companies in Indonesia is also accounting a positive growth over the years while also presented with bright prospects as a result of its strategic initiatives to collaborate with South Korea in developing COVID-19 vaccine and medication, named Genexine which is planned to be completed in Q3 2021. The possibility of success in this project might affect the company’s stock performance since it would result in bigger profitability for the company. In order to help investors to make a decision in this situation, the intrinsic value of the company stock is required. Therefore, conducting absolute and relative valuation are believed to be important in order to find the intrinsic value. This study examined absolute valuation using FCFF model and relative valuation using P/E and EV/EBITDA for KLBF. Result of the valuation suggested that the current stock price of IDR 1,445 is overvalued. The intrinsic value calculated from FCFF model is IDR 1,397 and based on the relative valuation models are IDR 1,330 and IDR 1,233 for EV/EBITDA and P/E ratio, respectively.
Dwiana Rahmadiati Putri
European Journal of Business and Management Research, Volume 6, pp 87-93; https://doi.org/10.24018/ejbmr.2021.6.5.1063

Abstract:
Ailesh Green Consulting is an environmental consulting service with the target is a company that produces waste, especially companies that are included in the gold criteria in PROPER. The main problem is having low brand awareness and the low of customer purchase intention from target customers to use their services. The research methodology uses qualitative research. This research aims to help raise brand awareness and customer purchase intention of their potential customers. The data was collected using an interview system with 10 respondents who had a background in the environmental field, working for companies that are under gold criteria in PROPER. Based on the result, respondents' brand awareness is low, as well as the customer purchase intentions. It was found the digital media recommended to use for the company by the respondents is display advertising, LinkedIn social media, search engines, and websites. Based on the results, Ailesh Green Consulting is able to optimize Search Engine Optimization (SEO) supported by an attractive website optimizer and content marketing website, create and optimize the use of LinkedIn social media, and use of LinkedIn ads.
Chika Clara Anugwu, Chike Kanayo Nwosu, Ifeanyi Emmanuel Nuel Okoli
European Journal of Business and Management Research, Volume 6, pp 9-14; https://doi.org/10.24018/ejbmr.2021.6.5.1050

Abstract:
Organizational capabilities are seen as the firm context in which the organization members work in order to contribute to growth of the firm. Thus, inadequate organizational capabilities have resulted to numerous problems for many Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) with growing difficulties in their ability to perform and attain sustainable growth. Numerous researches relating to organizational capabilities and firm’s growth have been conducted in the literature but none of these have examined the implications of organizational capability on firm’s growth. This research therefore examined the implications of organizational capability on firm’s growth, its implications of SMEs in Anambra State. The research employed a descriptive research design. The study population was one hundred and fifty-two business owners and managers of selected SMEs in Anambra State. Complete enumeration was used. Primary data was used and was collected using questionnaires. The questionnaire was validated using face and content validity. Reliability of the instrument was done with Cronbach Alpha indicates high internal consistency. Data collected was analyzed using correlation analysis. Findings from the study indicated that research and development capability have no significant positive relationship on firm’s growth, while human resource capability has a significant positive relationship on firm’s growth. The study concluded that organizational capabilities are key success factor for driving firm’s growth among SMEs in Anambra State, Nigeria. The study recommended that for SMEs to achieve sustainable growth, business owners and managers should increase their degree of firm’s interaction with the environment and add more value to human resources capability.
Di Zhu
European Journal of Business and Management Research, Volume 6, pp 1-3; https://doi.org/10.24018/ejbmr.2021.6.5.1053

Abstract:
This paper reviewed Milton Friedman's major contributions and critiqued his theories from a perspective of behavioral economics. Overall, behavioral economics can be a significant supplement to the traditional Friedman's theories to better predict economic events. More specifically, in terms of money supply, behavioral economics found that emotions can distort the assumption of the quantity theory of money and it may also affect economic output through its big role in decision making. As for the permanent income hypothesis, it can better explain the effect of income on consumption from the psychological aspect such as low confidence. His major point of a free market for economic and political freedom can be challenged by Nudge concept from behavioral economics. The government can help people to achieve their goals without damaging their autonomy. In addition, behavioral economics explores more and better reasons for the common phenomena of irrational behaviors against the traditional assumption that people are always rational.
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