Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research

Journal Information
EISSN : 2630-4945
Published by: Bilingual Publishing Co. (10.30564)
Total articles ≅ 31
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Amir Javidinejad
Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jmer.v4i1.2889

Abstract:
Concepts of precision engineering design process for optimal design where engineering sciences contribute in the successful good design are elaborated in this paper. Scientific theory, numerical methods and practicality are discussed in this paper. Factors necessary for a complete product or systems design are detailed and application of mathematical design optimization in producing a good design are shown. Many applicable engineering design examples are itemized to show relevancy of the optimal design theory to engineering design. Future trends of optimal design with respect to the 4th industrial revolution of digitization is presented. Paper sets to elaborate that most of the engineering and scientific design problems can be optimized to a good design based on many new/advanced optimization techniques.
Siqin Chen, Xiaomin Li
Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jmer.v4i1.2643

Abstract:
In this study, two dimensional unsteady flow of cylinder and cylinder with additional fairing close to a free surface was numerically investigated. The governing momentum equations were solved by using the Semi Implicit Method for Pressure Linked Equations(SIMPLE). The Volume of Fluid(VOF) method applied to simulate a free surface. Non- uniform grid structures were used in the simulation with denser grids near the cylinder. Under the conditions of Reynolds number 150624, 210874, 210874 and 331373, the cylinders were simulated with different depths of invasion. It was shown that the flow characteristics were influenced by submergence depth and Reynolds numbers. When the cylinder close to the free surface, the drag coefficient, lift coefficient and Strouhal numbers will increase due to the effect of free liquid surface on vortex shedding. With additional fairing, can effectively reduce the influence of the free surface on the drag coefficient. Fairing will reduce lift coefficient at high Reynolds numbers, but increase lift coefficient when Reynolds numbers is small. Fairing can effectively reduce Strouhal numbers, thus can well suppress the vortex induced vibration.
Odonel González-Cabrera, Carlos R. Gómez-Pérez, Héctor A. Kairús-Hernández-Díaz, Félix A. Díaz-Rosell
Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jmer.v4i1.2890

Abstract:
The aim of this work is to establish the influence of the relative position of the alloy charge C-Cr-Mn in the structure of the coating of rutile electrodes for hardfacing, on the operational behavior (arc stability). For this, three variants of electrodes with similar chemical composition are elaborated in the metallic core and the coating, differentiating only in the relative position that occupies the alloy charge (C-Cr-Mn) in the structure of the coating: internal, external and homogeneous. For the development of the research a completely random design is used. The operative characterization of the electrodes is performed in terms of the arc stability. In conclusion, it can be seen that the position of the alloy load influences the operation behavior (stability of the arch). The variant of internal alloy charge in the coating presents the better arc stability performance.
Ziad Shakeeb Al Sarraf
Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jmer.v4i1.2940

Abstract:
Today ultrasonic power technique is consider a mandatory technique which is always entered in many processes such as in metal and plastic welding to overcomes many issues, with aided of applying force (pressure) and supplied high frequency vibration, a solid-state weld can be generated by ultrasonic metal welding technique. That give a technique the ability to join not only a small components, whereas also to join thicker specimens, depend on a proper control of matching welding conditions. Therefore a welding performance can be study and compared after designed welding horn to resonance at frequencies of 20 kHz and 40 kHz. The analyses of the designed horn are completed through use a vibration mathematical expressions, modal and harmonic analyses to ensure the weldability due to applying ultrasonic power to the working area and also to compare the performance of joint at using two resonance frequencies of 20 kHz and 40 kHz. The dimensions of the horns were determined to match the selected resonance frequencies, which the lengths were calculated as 132 mm and 66 mm respectively. The analysis of the exciting modal indicates that the axial vibration modes of 19,584Hz and 39,794Hz are obtained in 10th mode, while the two frequency values are recorded 19,600 Hz and 39,800 Hz from the frequency response of the two horns. The weld strength between Al and Cu specimens with a thickness 0.5 mm were evaluated using tensile test, which the analyses were obtained under using different welding pressure and varied amplitudes. The results were recorded within exciting a horn with two different resonance frequencies, show the enhancement of weld strength and quality through control of stepping amplitude, the enhancement means obtain good strength of the weld, reduce sticking horn to specimen, and lower specimen marking.
Run Xu, Boyong Hur
Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jmer.v3i2.1800

Abstract:
According to formula we can simulate their driven force and acceleration on the slope. The mechanical formula is used to obtain force and theoretical dynamics in the slope. The driven force decreases when rotation increases. When power increases the acceleration increases. it reduces when its weight raises. It is found that the a will decrease as slope becomes high from 5 to 11° to 22°, which fit the formula too. Meantime as the radius is high from 0.3m to 0.4m to 0.47m a will be low. The needed force will increase as the slope decline becomes big at the same power.
Run Xu
Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jmer.v3i2.1774

Abstract:
According to formula we can simulate their driven force and acceleration. The mechanical formula is used to obtain dynamics is used to simulate. The driven force increases when torque increases and tire diameter decreases. We need torque to increase so this is our plan. Acceleration raises when torque raises and it reduces when its weight raises. With the decreasing of radius of road the centripetal acceleration is increasing in the condition of light vehicle. It is that it decreases sluggishly before 0.35m/s2 then it maintains a steep decline to 0.62m/s2 and at last becomes sluggish again. It is valued that the economical efficiency about consumed fuel under different power. In the time of 0.2hr the fuel inflamer inclines sharply first then turns stable. It is the smallest value. Beyond it the fuel maintains a high value all the time. The discharged pollution gas decreases with the decreasing initial temperature. The low initial temperature is good to fuel gas. Meantime the smallest incline range is 300~350K which explains that it is the most save one.
Zinan Zhao, Shijie Li, Shuaikang Li
Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jmer.v3i2.1903

Abstract:
As the market competition of steel mills is severe, deoxidization alloying is an important link in the metallurgical process. To solve this problem, principal component regression analysis is adopted to reduce the dimension of influencing factors, and a reasonable and reliable prediction model of element yield is established. Based on the constraint conditions such as target cost function constraint, yield constraint and non-negative constraint, linear programming is adopted to design the lowest cost batting scheme that meets the national standards and production requirements. The research results provide a reliable optimization model for the deoxidization and alloying process of steel mills, which is of positive significance for improving the market competitiveness of steel mills, reducing waste discharge and protecting the environment.
Shashikant Kushnoore, Nitin Kamitkar, Vinay Atgur, Mallikarjun S Uppin, M. Satishkumar
Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jmer.v3i2.1737

Abstract:
Fly Ash Cenospheres (FACs) are obtained from the coal power plants in the form of hollow spherical particles by burning the coal. FAC was started to use in early 1980-1985 as lightweight filler material in producing composites of cementitious and at present many researchers are focusing on use of FAC as filler in polymer and metals. In this paper, the systematic review on research activities and application of FAC in manufacturing light weight products are done. The FAC influence on the mechanical and physical properties of incorporated polymer and alloy based composites were summarized. Prospects of future for its use were also suggested and summarized in this paper.
Mayank Prajapati, Sandeep Rimza
Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jmer.v3i1.1681

Abstract:
Fused deposition modeling (FDM) is one of the most adaptable additive manufacturing method owing to the cost-effectiveness and environment-friendly nature. However, FDM technique still possesses major difficulties in terms of poor surface quality because of adding layer by layer manufacturing process for the prototypes. It is desirable to explore an efficient technique for FDM parts to enhance the poor surface quality and dimensions precision. In the present paper, an effort has been made to enhance the surface quality and optimize the critical processing parameter of FDM based benchmark using vapor smoothing process (VSP). A comparative experimental study has been performed by design of experiments (DOE), Taguchi technique to find the influence of input design parameters on the surface finish of benchmark FDM parts. The results of the present investigation show that VSP treatment improves the surface quality of FDM parts to micro level with negligible dimensional variation. It is observed that improved surface quality is found in the 1,2, -Dichloroethane chemical at 90° part build orientation, 0.25 mm layer thickness, 10% fill density and 90 second exposure times.
Sathish Kumar Palaniappan, Rajasekar Rathanasamy, Sivasenapathy Chellamuthu, Samir Kumar Pal
Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jmer.v3i1.1716

Abstract:
It is well-known that suspension systems plays a major role in automotive technology. Most of the today’s vehicle applies a passive suspension systems consisting of a spring and damper. The design of automotive suspension have been a compromise between passenger comfort, suspension travel and road holding ability. This work aims in reducing the suspension travel alone by developing a quarter car model suspension for a passenger car to improve its performance by introducing shape memory alloy spring (Nitinol) instead of traditional spring. A two way shape memory alloy spring possesses two different stiffness in its two different phases (martensite and austenite). In this study, road profile is considered as a simple harmonic profile and vibration analysis of aminiature quarter car model suspension system has been carried out experimentally. Using theoretical method, the displacement of the sprung mass is also studied and discussed. The vibration analysis have been carried out for the suspension system at both phases of the spring and the results gives a significant improvement in reducing the displacement of sprung mass for various excitation frequencies.
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