Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research

Journal Information
EISSN : 2630-4945
Published by: Bilingual Publishing Co. (10.30564)
Total articles ≅ 36
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Anton Epifanov
Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jmer.v4i2.3588

Abstract:
The laws of functioning of discrete deterministic dynamical systems are investigated, presented in the form of automata models defined by geometric images. Due to the use of the apparatus of geometric images of automata, developed by V.A. Tverdokhlebov, the analysis of automata models is carried out on the basis of the analysis of mathematical structures represented by geometric curves and numerical sequences. The purpose of present research is to further develop the mathematical apparatus of geometric images of automaton models of systems, including the development of new methods for recognizing automata by their geometric images, given both geometric curves and numerical sequences.
Mikhail Valer’Evich Levskii
Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jmer.v4i2.3725

Abstract:
We apply the method of guidance by a required velocity for solving theoptimal control problem over spacecraft’s reorientation from known initialattitude into a required final attitude. We suppose that attitude control iscarried out by impulse jet engines. For optimization of fuel consumption,the controlling moments are calculated and formed according to themethod of free trajectories together with principle of iterative controlusing the quaternions for generating commands to actuators. Optimalsolution corresponds to the principle “acceleration - free rotation - separatecorrections - free rotation - braking”. Rotation along a hitting trajectory issupported by insignificant correction of the uncontrolled motion at discreteinstants between segments of acceleration and braking. Various strategies在自由运动阶段形成校正脉冲的方法是建议。提高实现航天器最终位置的准确性通过终端控制使用有关当前姿态的信息和用于确定开始时刻的角速度测量制动(根据实际运动参数开始制动的条件以分析形式制定)。所描述的方法是通用的并且相对于转动惯量不变。发展的态度法则控制涉及具有预测模型的算法,综合控制模式对于外部扰动和参数错误。数学建模的结果表明证明设计算法的实际可行性和高效率。
Harshad Patel
Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jmer.v4i2.3831

Abstract:
Graphene has remarkable strength, such as yield strength and elasticconstant. The dynamic behaviour of graphene sheet is affected bygeometrical variation in atomic arrangement. This paper introducedgraphene with armchair atomic structure for estimating fundamental naturalfrequencies. The presented analysis can be useful for the possible highfrequency nanomechanical resonator systems. The analytical formulation,based on classical plate theory and continuum solid modelling based finiteelement method have been performed for estimation of fundamental naturalfrequencies of single layer graphene sheet (SGLS) with different boundaryconditions. The free edge and clamped edge boundary conditions have beenconsidered. For simplifying analytical formulations, Blevins approach fordynamic solution has been adopted and for validating analytical results.The finite element analysis of SLGS has been performed using ANSYSsoftware. The effect of variation in geometrical parameters in terms ofwidth and length of SLGS has been analysed for realization of ultra-highfrequency based nanomechanical resonator systems
Daniel Kohls, Carlos Enrique Ninõ Bohorquez, Enori Gemilli, Majorie Anacleto Bernardo
Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jmer.v4i2.3381

Abstract:
With the use of laser welding, it is possible to join different steel, with different thicknesses, with or without the action of protective layers. The quality of laser radiation makes it possible to get certain characteristics that are impossible to get by other processes, such as high welding speeds, less metallurgical effects suffered by the heat-affected zone (ZAC), and this process also does not require filler metal, therefore it is free from possible contamination. Combined with traditional welding methods, laser welding produces narrower weld beads, allowing for better prevention of corrosion and thermal distortions. Although the process already has high industrial knowledge, some random defects, such as porosities and inconsistencies, are still found. This work presents a systematic study to determine the influence of laser welding parameters and how these parameters influence welding defects. For this, the experimental part was carried out in the welding laboratory - LABSOLDA, of the Federal University of Santa Catarina - UFSC, during the laser welding processes, a welding speed of 2.4 m/min was reached. For this experiment, argon was used as a shielding gas and 1020 steel was used as the base material.
Amani J. Majeed, Falah A. Abood, Ahmed K. Alshara
Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jmer.v4i2.3194

Abstract:
The behavior of fluid flow has been studied during the different flow media over the past decades. In addition, the behavior of the flow of fluid through porous media has garnered much research interest. This paper sheds light on fissured rocks of oil reservoir media (as one of the porous media domain), and the effect of these fissured on fluid flow. In this article, the Finite Volume Method (FVM) has been used to visualize the behavior of single-phase fluid flow in an actual core according to the dualporosity dual permeability model. The study was conducted in two parts, the first was the image processing for one of the real oil reservoir fractured rock images, where the image was processed and simulated by ANSYSCFX software, and the results showed a complete visualizing of the fluid behavior during this domain. As for the other side, a simulation of a real reservoir rock belonging to the Al-Nour field in Iraq / Misan was made. The X-ray Computed Tomography (CT) scan has been used to convert the real fractured core to a dynamic domain. ANSYS-CFX program has been used and the results illustrated the pressure counter, the velocity counter, the velocity streamline, and the velocity vectors for the studied model in three dimensions. A comparison was made between the productivity index for fractured and non-fractured rock and the results explained that the presence of fracture can improve the productivity index to about 5.74%.
Ziad Shakeeb Al Sarraf
Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jmer.v4i1.2940

Abstract:
Today ultrasonic power technique is consider a mandatory technique which is always entered in many processes such as in metal and plastic welding to overcomes many issues, with aided of applying force (pressure) and supplied high frequency vibration, a solid-state weld can be generated by ultrasonic metal welding technique. That give a technique the ability to join not only a small components, whereas also to join thicker specimens, depend on a proper control of matching welding conditions. Therefore a welding performance can be study and compared after designed welding horn to resonance at frequencies of 20 kHz and 40 kHz. The analyses of the designed horn are completed through use a vibration mathematical expressions, modal and harmonic analyses to ensure the weldability due to applying ultrasonic power to the working area and also to compare the performance of joint at using two resonance frequencies of 20 kHz and 40 kHz. The dimensions of the horns were determined to match the selected resonance frequencies, which the lengths were calculated as 132 mm and 66 mm respectively. The analysis of the exciting modal indicates that the axial vibration modes of 19,584Hz and 39,794Hz are obtained in 10th mode, while the two frequency values are recorded 19,600 Hz and 39,800 Hz from the frequency response of the two horns. The weld strength between Al and Cu specimens with a thickness 0.5 mm were evaluated using tensile test, which the analyses were obtained under using different welding pressure and varied amplitudes. The results were recorded within exciting a horn with two different resonance frequencies, show the enhancement of weld strength and quality through control of stepping amplitude, the enhancement means obtain good strength of the weld, reduce sticking horn to specimen, and lower specimen marking.
Amir Javidinejad
Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jmer.v4i1.2889

Abstract:
Concepts of precision engineering design process for optimal design where engineering sciences contribute in the successful good design are elaborated in this paper. Scientific theory and practicality are discussed in this paper. Factors necessary for a complete product or systems design are detailed and application of mathematical design optimization in producing a good design are shown. Many applicable engineering design examples are itemized to show relevancy of the optimal design theory to engineering design. Future trends of optimal design with respect to the 4th industrial revolution of digitization are presented. Paper sets to elaborate that most of the engineering and scientific design problems can be optimized to a good design based on many new/advanced optimization techniques.
Siqin Chen, Xiaomin Li
Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jmer.v4i1.2643

Abstract:
In this study, two dimensional unsteady flows of cylinder and cylinder with additional fairing close to a free surface were numerically investigated. The governing momentum equations were solved by using the Semi Implicit Method for Pressure Linked Equations(SIMPLE). The Volume of Fluid(VOF) method applied to simulate a free surface. Non- uniform grid structures were used in the simulation with denser grids near the cylinder. Under the conditions of Reynolds number 150624, 271123, 210874 and 331373, the cylinders were simulated with different depths of invasion. It was shown that the flow characteristics were influenced by submergence depth and Reynolds numbers. When the cylinder close to the free surface, the drag coefficient, lift coefficient and Strouhal numbers will increase due to the effect of free liquid surface on vortex shedding. With additional fairing, can effectively reduce the influence of the free surface on the drag coefficient. Fairing will reduce lift coefficient at high Reynolds numbers, but increase lift coefficient when Reynolds numbers are small. Fairing can effectively reduce Strouhal numbers, thus can well suppress the vortex induced vibration
Odonel González-Cabrera, Carlos R. Gómez-Pérez, Héctor A. Kairús-Hernández-Díaz, Félix A. Díaz-Rosell
Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jmer.v4i1.2890

Abstract:
The aim of this work is to establish the influence of the relative position of the alloy charge C-Cr-Mn in the structure of the coating of rutile electrodes for hardfacing, on the operational behavior (arc stability). For this, three variants of electrodes with similar chemical composition are elaborated in the metallic core and the coating, differentiating only in the relative position that occupies the alloy charge (C-Cr-Mn) in the structure of the coating: internal, external and homogeneous. For the development of the research, a completely random design is used. The operative characterization of the electrodes is performed in terms of the arc stability. In conclusion, it can be seen that the position of the alloy load influences the operation behavior (stability of the arc). The variant of internal alloy charge in the coating presents the better arc stability performance.
Run Xu
Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jmer.v3i2.1774

Abstract:
According to formula we can simulate their driven force and acceleration. The mechanical formula is used to obtain dynamics is used to simulate. The driven force increases when torque increases and tire diameter decreases. We need torque to increase so this is our plan. Acceleration raises when torque raises and it reduces when its weight raises. With the decreasing of radius of road the centripetal acceleration is increasing in the condition of light vehicle. It is that it decreases sluggishly before 0.35m/s2 then it maintains a steep decline to 0.62m/s2 and at last becomes sluggish again. It is valued that the economical efficiency about consumed fuel under different power. In the time of 0.2hr the fuel inflamer inclines sharply first then turns stable. It is the smallest value. Beyond it the fuel maintains a high value all the time. The discharged pollution gas decreases with the decreasing initial temperature. The low initial temperature is good to fuel gas. Meantime the smallest incline range is 300~350K which explains that it is the most save one.
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