Journal of Metallic Material Research

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EISSN : 2630-5135
Published by: Bilingual Publishing Co. (10.30564)
Total articles ≅ 31
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Ekemini Ituen, Chukwudurom Dim, Ekerete BoEKOM
Journal of Metallic Material Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jmmr.v4i1.3621

Abstract:
Silver nanofluid was prepared by bio-reduction reaction between orange peels extracts (OPE) and silver nitrate and characterized by spectroscopic and microscopic techniques. Colloidal nanoparticles of sizes between 40 – 50 nm and spherical shape were obtained. The nanofluid was applied as anticorrosion additive to inhibit corrosion of X80 steel in simulated oilfield scale dissolver solution (1.0 M HCl) at various temperatures. The nanofluid (OPE-AgNPs) was 98.9 % and 84.3 % efficient at 30 ºC and 60 oC respectively as determined by weight loss measurement. In comparison with OPE, OPE-AgNPs shows better corrosion inhibition and higher resistance to thermal degradation. Some kinetic and thermodynamic models were used to characterize the inhibition process. OPE-AgNPs could be optimized and used as alternative anticorrosion additive for scale dissolution liquor in the industry.
Ngiongboung Nguiamba, Celestine Asobo Yanu, Placide Désiré Belibi Belibi, Joseph Marie Sieliechi, Martin Benoît Ngassoum
Journal of Metallic Material Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jmmr.v4i1.3462

Abstract:
This paper deals with the formulation of ceramic filters having the porosity adapted to domestic potable water treatment. The filters were made from clays and rice husk obtained from the Far North region of Cameroon (Logone Valley). Nine formulations were investigated to choose those that might have the porosity standing between 35 and 50% (the ideal porosity adapted for water treatment) [1]. The nine formulations investigated were as follow: clay:rice husk mixture weight ratio 0.7:0.3; 0.8:0.2 and 0.9:0.1 with the particle size of 100:100 microns. The sintering temperatures of 900°C, 950°C and 1000°C were applied for each of the mixtures. The results showed that only filters with weight ratio 0.7:0.3 sintered at 900°C, 950°C and 1000°C had porosity between 35 and 50% with values of 39.41±0.96; 40.15±1.59; 40.14±1.31 respectively. Mechanical strength, permeability and iron leaching behavior were investigated for these three formulations. The formulation 0.7:0.3 with sintering temperature of 1000°C had the higher permeability and was the more stable for iron leaching so it is the more adapted for water treatment in terms of flow rate and iron leaching behavior, pore size distribution showed that these filters were macroporous and designed for microfiltration with average pore diameter of 0.46µm.
Kaibin Xie, Yujie Ge, Qiaoli Lin
Journal of Metallic Material Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jmmr.v4i1.3427

Abstract:
The effect of microcosmic morphologies of textured Cu surface by nanosecond laser on the inert wetting and reactive wetting, i.e., ethylene glycol/copper and tin/copper wetting systems, was studied by using modified sessile drop methods. To create different surface roughness, the microcosmic morphologies with different spacing of grooves were constructed by nanosecond laser. The results showed that the inert wetting (ethylene glycol/copper) was consistent with Wenzel model, while the reactive wetting results deviated from the model. In Sn/Cu reactive wetting system, the interfacial evolution in the early stage and the pinning of triple line by the precipitated h-Cu6Sn5 caused the rougher surface and the worse final wettability. When the scale of artificial roughness exceeded the roughness that was caused by interfacial reaction after reaching the quasi-equilibrium state at interface, the final wettability could be improved.
Nisreen Faraj, Kareima A. Abdelghani, A.A. Idress, Dalal. M. Ibrahim
Journal of Metallic Material Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jmmr.v4i1.3114

Abstract:
The chemical technique was used to investigate the inhibition and adsorption properties of L-proline for steel corrosion (weight loss method). As the concentration of L-proline increased, the inhibition efficiency increased, but decreased as the temperature increased, according to the findings. The inhibitor’s adsorption to the steel surface has been shown to be random, involving both electrostatic and chemisorptions. The Temkin adsorption isotherm governs the adsorption of L-proline to the steel surface. Thermodynamic parameters have been determined in some cases.
Alireza Heidari
Journal of Metallic Material Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jmmr.v4i1.3362

Abstract:
The current study is aimed to use Polysorbate 80 as surfactant for investigating the effectiveness of permeate TBA on the Polyether Ether Ketone (PEEK) anti–cancer protective membrane and the effect of loading DNA/RNA–CdO sandwiched complex on hydrophilicity and anti–cancer properties. The results showed decreasing surface pore size from 227 to 176 and increasing porosity from 101 to 111 with loading DNA/RNA–CdO sandwiched complex, and the permeate of anti–cancer protective membrane increased from 80 to 220 (L/m2.hr.bar) with loading DNA/RNA–CdO sandwiched complex. In addition, the results of current study showed that by increasing DNA/RNA–CdO sandwiched complex nanohybrides to 0.09Wt% to polymer matrix contact angle decreased from 84.4 to 23 degree. Moreover, the results of current study showed that by increasing DNA/RNA–CdO sandwiched complex nanohybrides to 0.09Wt% to hydrophilicity of anti–cancer protective membranes increased. All of the above results mentioned fouling of hybride anti–cancer protective membrane decreased than usual form. Therefore, hybride anti–cancer protective membranes of (DNA/RNA–CdO sandwiched complex) with the help of Polysorbate 80 as surfactant may be considered as a suitable anti�?cancer protective membrane for treatment of TBA.
A. D. Sharma, N. Thakur
Journal of Metallic Material Research, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30564/jmmr.v4i1.3631

Abstract:
Micro-sized copper powder (99.95%; O≤0.3) has been shock-processed with explosives of high detonation velocities of the order of 7.5km/s to observe the structural and microstructural sub-strengthening. Axisymmetric shock-consolidation technique has been used to obtain conglomerates of granular Cu. The technique involves the cylindrical compaction system wherein the explosive-charge is in direct proximity with the powder whereas the other uses indirect shock pressure with die-plunger geometry. Numeric simulations have been performed on with Eulerian code dynamics. The simulated results show a good agreement with the experimental observation of detonation parameters like detonation velocity, pressure, particle velocity and shock pressure in the reactive media. A pin contactor method has been utilized to calculate the detonation pressure experimentally. Wide angled x-ray diffraction studies reveal that the crystalline structure (FCC) of the shocked specimen matches with the un-shocked specimen. Field emissive scanning electron microscopic examination of the compacted specimens show a good sub-structural strengthening and complement the theoretical considerations. Laser diffraction based particle size analyzer also points towards the reduced particle size of the shock-processed specimen under high detonation velocities. Micro-hardness tests conducted under variable loads of 0.1kg, 0.05kg and 0.025kg force with diamond indenter optical micrographs indicate a high order of micro-hardness of the order of 159Hv. Nitrogen pycnometry used for the density measurement of the compacts shows that a compacted density of the order of 99.3% theoretical mean density has been achieved.
Rajesh Kumar Singh, Jay Prakash Singh, Dharmendar Kumar
Journal of Metallic Material Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jmmr.v3i2.2403

Abstract:
Chloride ions interact with aluminium in marine atmosphere to form corrosion cell. Due to this corrosion reaction occurs on their surface, aluminium is oxidized into Al3+. The corrosion reaction accelerates deterioration in metal and it produces galvanic, pitting, stress, crevice, intergranular corrosion. Chloride ions decrease internal and external strength of aluminium metal. It is a very important metal so used in different appliances for e.g. road, water, air transports, housing, railways and other fields. Nanocoating and electrospray techniques used to check the corrosion of aluminium metal. For nanocoating and electrospray materials applied tetrahydro-dibenzo[a,d] [7] annulene-5, 11-dihydrazone and MgO. Both materials formed composite barrier and developed a passive surface for Cl- ions. This barrier reduced the corrosion rate of aluminium. Nozzle spray and chemical vapour deposition technique used for coating process. The corrosion rate of metal was determined by gravimetric method. Corrosion potential and current density were calculated by potentiostat. The composite barrier formation was confirmed by activation energy, heat of adsorption, free energy, enthalpy and entropy. These thermal parameters were obtained by Arrhenius equation, Langmuir isotherm and Transition state equation. The adsorption of tetrahydro-dibenzo[a,d] [7] annulene-5,11-dihydrazone and MgO electrospray on aluminium surface was depicted by Langmuir, Frundlich and Temkin isotherm. The results of surface coverage area and coating efficiency were noticed that both materials were mitigated the corrosion rate of aluminium in chloride ions environment
A. K. Shuaibov, A.Y. Minya, A.A. Malinina, A.N. Malinin, Z.T. Gomoki, V.V. Danylo, Yu.Yu. Bilak
Journal of Metallic Material Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jmmr.v3i2.2441

Abstract:
The results of the study of oscillograms of voltage, current, pulsed electric power and energy input into the plasma of an overstressed nanosecond discharge between aluminum electrodes in argon and mixtures of nitrogen with oxygen (100-1) at pressures in the range of 13.3-103.3 kPa are presented, the emission plasma spectra are studied. It is shown that in mixtures of nitrogen with oxygen at atmospheric pressure, nanoparticles of aluminum oxide (Al2O3) are formed, the luminescence of which manifests itself in the spectral range of 200-600 nm and which is associated with the formation of F-, F + - centers and more complex aggregate formations based on oxygen vacancies. Calculations of the electron-kinetic coefficients of plasma, transport characteristics, such as mean electron energies in the range 5.116-13.41 eV, are given. The electron concentration was 1.6 ∙ 1020 m-3 - 1.1 ∙ 1020 m-3 at a current density of 5.1 ∙ 106 A / m2 and l. 02 ∙ 107 A / m2 on the surface of the electrode of the radiation source (0.196 · 10-4 m2 ). Also drift velocities, temperatures and concentrations of electrons, specific losses of the discharge power for elastic and inelastic processes of collisions of electrons per unit of the total concentration of the mixture from the reduced electric field strength (E / N) for a mixture of aluminum, nitrogen, oxygen, rate constants of collisions of electrons with aluminum atoms on the E / N parameter in plasma on a mixture of aluminum vapor, oxygen and nitrogen = 30: 1000: 100000 Pa at a total mixture pressure of P = 101030 Pa are given.
Cyril Ocheri, Hebert. A. Obiorah, Romanus Egwuonwu Njoku, Nnaemeka Anthony Urama, Joseph Babalola Agboola, Christopher Nwankwo Mbah, Johnson Nwaemezie Ezeanyanwu, Chikezie Walter Onyia
Journal of Metallic Material Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jmmr.v3i2.2409

Abstract:
Bulk raw materials handling plant and sintering plant preparatory plants are established to receive, blend, stockpile, prepare and supply specified grades of raw materials for smooth operations of iron making plant (Blast furnace), steel making plant (Basic oxygen converter) and lime Plant(calcinations plant). The study discusses bulk raw materials handling and some general problem of scientific analysis and documentation of basic equipment details, stockyard facilities, bulk materials transport systems and sinter processes, for the general knowledge and operational procedures of these plant for effective and efficient operational processes for optical results. Iron ore concentrate supplied from the mines to some extent fluctuate in their chemical composition as a result of the nature of the deposit with various factors controlling beneficiation processes and addition of metal-bearing materials collected as a waste product from the Rolling Mills, Blast Furnace and Sinter Plant which must be recycled through Iron ore concentrate stockyard. The part of the sinter mixture is melted at a temperature about 1300-1480 ° C and a sequence of reactions shaping the sinter cake to be loaded into the blast furnace to produce iron from a pig.
Senchun Jiang
Journal of Metallic Material Research, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30564/jmmr.v3i2.2374

Abstract:
The electrons of metallic iron atoms all have wave-particle duality, The electrons of each iron atom are particles in the liquid state, the solid state is fluctuating. the wave-particle duality parameters of each iron atom electron are different, there is a small difference, the same is gathered into one, become a single grain.The parameters of wave-particle duality are different,The crystallization temperature of liquid state is different from that of solid state[1].
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