International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on the Dialogue between Sciences & Arts, Religion & Education

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2601-8403 / 2601-839X
Published by: Icoana Credinte (10.26520)

Latest articles in this journal

Marin Bugiulescu, Romania Ifiasa
International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on the Dialogue between Sciences & Arts, Religion & Education, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.26520/mcdsare.2021.5.80-84

Abstract:
This article is focuses on Plato's conception of the soul, through which man as a psycho-physical being, lives with the perspective of immortality. The pre-existence and immortality of the soul is in fact the basis of Platonic philosophy. Plato presents the existence of the soul in the Phaidon Dialogue starting from the hypothesis that something called the soul has existence in the form of pre-existence and post-existence and has an intelligible nature, similar to the structure of Eidos (Ideas). The second part of the research considers the transition from ontology to metaphysics, focused on a different perspective given the patristic thinking in which man is created in his divine image, as a personal being composed of body and soul, a synthesis of the intelligible world with the material.
Costel-Mirel Nechita
International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on the Dialogue between Sciences & Arts, Religion & Education, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.26520/mcdsare.2021.5.85-89

Abstract:
In 1775, the Austro-Hungarian Empire occupied Northern Bukovina, a wonderful land, sprinkled with towering mountains, covered with secular forests, rich grasslands and crystal-clear waters, and good householders and worthy people. The fate of this part of Romania was shared by other confreres, occupied by the same abusive empire: Transylvania in 1699, Banat and Oltenia in 1718. Thus, the occupied Romanians found themselves in a kind of forced diaspora, becoming neighbors of borders with their own brothers. The occupation was very oppressive, long-lasting and with disastrous consequences in all fields religious, social, and cultural, the occupier trying, and most of the time, succeeding in destroying the traditional local values and imposing its own. The phenomenon run slowly by the activity of enlightened hierarchs of the Church, as well as of some associations and institutions, which fought and defended themselves through culture, prevailing the musical culture, especially the choral one, which kept the Bukovinians closely united near the ancestral Church. Even if the Austro-Hungarian occupation brought certain benefits, it remains a black spot in bimillennial of the Romanian people.
Oana Celia Gheorghiu
International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on the Dialogue between Sciences & Arts, Religion & Education, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.26520/mcdsare.2021.5.99-105

Abstract:
This paper is intended as a brief critical review of three interrelated, fairly similar critical theories, born out the necessity of looking into cultural forms and products with a view to finding the politics at work therein. While American New Historicism is more historically oriented, British Cultural Materialism, with its more obvious influence from Marxism, Postcolonialism and other theories which place the margin at their centre, seems to be more in tune with contemporaneity, and so is the area of Cultural Studies, with its emphasis on cultural representations. It is advocated here that contemporary fiction cannot be fully separated from other textual forms, which are considered here historiographic (not historical) because of their nature of texts produced subjectively, within a certain political, social and cultural context, irrespective of their assumed scientific objectivity. Literature, it is further argued, has become a discourse-oriented endeavour with an active participation, an idea supported in the present study by making reference to several critical and polemic writings by Salman Rushdie, which, in a topsyturvy, postmodernist manner, are foregrounded before, and not after the literature review proper.
, Romania Ifiasa
International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on the Dialogue between Sciences & Arts, Religion & Education, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.26520/mcdsare.2021.5.9-10

Abstract:
In the context of the current international framework, Ideas Forum International Academic and Scientific Association - IFIASA Journals and Conferences joins the effort in bringing together researchers and scientists from all over the globe, facilitating the professional development and encouraging dialogue, creativity and exchange of ideas. Together we went through a very unusual and, in many aspects, dificult 2021. Even though we met mostly online - during our new virtual sessions, we can see, that our bond became stronger. The Covid-19 pandemic forced that our Conference become virtual and on-line.
Jacques Coulardeau, France Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on the Dialogue between Sciences & Arts, Religion & Education, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.26520/mcdsare.2021.5.37-57

Abstract:
1866 was a turning point in scientific linguistics when the Linguistic Society of Paris banned all papers and presentations on the origin of language. De Saussure locked up the debate with two concepts, diachrony and synchrony. I intend to examine the emergence of the hypothesis of a single origin of human articulated languages, in Africa first, and then Black Africa. The phylogenic approach of biological studies has today spread to linguistics. Sally McBrearty rejected the idea of a Neolithic revolution. Consequently, Black Africa became a major field of archaeological research. Yuval Noah Harari stating the existence of a symbolic revolution around 70,000 years ago, rejected Black Africa along with the Americas, and the Denisovans. Asia has become a major archaeological field. Julien d’Huy implements phylogenetic arborescent technique to the study of myths. The oldest form of a myth is not the origin of it. In oral civlizations some literate individual had to tell the story behind representations for the people to understand, appreciate, and remember them. I will then consider structural linguistics (Noam Chomsky & Universal Grammar). UG has never been able to develop semantics within its own system (Generative Semantics & George Lakoff). Science is always a temporarily approximate vision of what it considers. First, what any science explores is constantly evolving following phylogenic dynamics that are contained in the very objects of such scientific studies. Second, any new knowledge appearing in the field concerned causes a complete restructuration of what we knew before.
Encarnación Ruiz Callejón
International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on the Dialogue between Sciences & Arts, Religion & Education, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.26520/mcdsare.2021.5.11-20

Abstract:
This work first analyses María Zambrano's reflections on the limits of philosophy, based on the suspicion of its vanity and the ambivalence of its origins. Zambrano explores the genealogy of the traditional conception of the origin of philosophy as wonder, a wonder that she would share with poetry. She postulates a horizon of the conjunction of philosophy and poetry, to respond to the wonder at reality, but she also refers to the possibility of rescuing a more venerable form of philosophy. Secondly the work examines whether Schopenhauer's philosophy, with its proverbial pessimism and its conception of philosophical admiration as dismay, could be regarded as an example of this venerable form of philosophy and, finally, whether aspiring to create this conjunction with poetry is still philosophy.
Daniela Șorcaru
International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on the Dialogue between Sciences & Arts, Religion & Education, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.26520/mcdsare.2021.5.90-98

Abstract:
: We are currently living in a world literally flooded with all types of information, and people have ended up dealing with various kinds of limitations to how much they can or choose to know. We can, thus, identify modern limits to human knowledge falling under (at least) two large categories: either limitations imposed by others (such as authorities, mass media, bosses or leaders, etc), or what we may call self-imposed limitations, i.e. choosing to disregard some information or another, refusing to keep up to date with a state of facts, rejecting scientifically proved data, etc. We are actually talking about outer manipulation (in option A above), or inner manipulation, if we may call it as such, namely the protection of personal comfort even over irrefutable evidence (in option B above). “Ignorance is bliss” (The Matrix, 1999), right? At least for some people. Yet, in this intricate matrix of human knowledge some of us are plagued with an incurable disease: critical thinking. A genuine bogeyman of any authoritarian system or regime, critical thinking is responsible for many glitches in this matrix, always at war against any sort of limitations imposed on human knowledge and rationale. We need to keep critical thinking alive and encourage it, and, in this process, identify the decisive vectors capable of disseminating the concept and its value, as well as its applications in everyday life.
Alexandru Arion
International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on the Dialogue between Sciences & Arts, Religion & Education, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.26520/mcdsare.2021.5.67-79

Abstract:
In this present paper we try to learn something about how to cope with analytical investigation of reality, by comparing the ideas of two iconic Oxford figures. On the one hand, the renowned atheist Richard Dawkins, and the Christian apologist C.S. Lewis, on the other. It is more than interesting to know how two great thinkers of the 20th century can raise and answer to questions of life, such as Reasoned belief, the so-called „God hypothesis” or concerning our place and purpose in this world. Both Dawkins and Lewis see intellectual reflection on the big questions as natural and significant. Both insist that their beliefs – atheism and Christianity respectively – demand and deserve intellectual seriousness and are capable of being developed into larger systems. Lewis’s apologetic approach generally takes the form of identifying a common human observation or experience, and then showing how it fits, naturally and plausibly, within a Christian way of looking at things. For Dawkins, there is no room for faith in science, precisely because the evidence compels us to draw certain valid conclusions. He proposes an absolute dichotomy between ‘blind faith’ and the ‘overwhelming scientific evidence. Dawkins contends that a supernatural creator, God, almost certainly does not exist, and that belief in a personal god qualifies as a delusion, which he defines as a persistent false belief held in the face of strong contradictory evidence. An inevitable conclusion is that both Dawkins and Lewis are men of faith, in that both hold committed positions that cannot be proved right, but which they clearly regard as justified and reasonable. We must learn to live with a degree of rational uncertainty about our deepest beliefs and values.
Felicia Aurica Haidu
International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on the Dialogue between Sciences & Arts, Religion & Education, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.26520/mcdsare.2021.5.106-114

Abstract:
The key to academic success is not only good quality teaching but also a individualized teaching and individualized approaching to the student’s cognitive styles of learning and anxiety. The present paper tries to answer the question if the teachers and school counsellors may help improve students’ learning by helping them to manage their behaviour and attitudes more effectively. Precisely, it postulates that as long as teachers may adapt their communication styles and teachings to the cognitive styles of their student’s better results and more efficient learning they will get from them. It first presents a short literature review of anxiety and of cognitive styles of learning the relation, followed by the relation between anxiety and the cognitive styles and it finally postulates the main methodological approaches that any teachers should adopt to make his teaching more effective having in mind the relation between the two variables. Finally, implications for teaching are discussed, as are suggestions for the future researches.
Walter Gomide, Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso/UFMT-Brazil
International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on the Dialogue between Sciences & Arts, Religion & Education, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.26520/mcdsare.2021.5.26-31

Abstract:
In this short article, I try to show alternative maths to real numbers in such a way that these maths (especially Transreal Numbers by James Anderson and Arithmetic of Infinity by Yaroslav Sergeyev) can also be considered as legitimate instruments for presenting the structure of reality. I call this thesis of expanding the possibilities of understanding Nature mathematically the "Galileo Galilei´s thesis extended". As an example of the application of the thesis that the mathematics that is at the base of Nature must be extended to a better assessment of the scope of physical laws, here we present the Heisenberg´s Uncertainty Principle, approached in an alternative way from a mathematical point of view.
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