Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

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ISSN / EISSN : 2338-6401 / 2338-7335
Total articles ≅ 363
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Julianto Witjaksono, Fiastuti Witjaksono, Andhika A. Perdana
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 49-54; doi:10.32771/inajog.v9i1.1415

Abstract:
Objective: To investigate the effect of lifestyle modification on endometrial receptivity of obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome using ultrasonography.Methods: This observational study was conducted at Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital Jakarta from August 2019 to May 2020. A total of 14 subjects were participated in this study. The subjects were advised to get nutrition counseling by nutritionist and then followed up the endometrial profiles for 6 months by ultrasonography.Results: A total 19 subjects were received nutrition counseling by Clinical nutritionist, but then, only 14 subjects were evaluated the endometrial study by Ultrasonography. There were several significant result between before and after treatment some subjects such as calories, body weight, body mass index, waist circumference (p
Rajuddin Rajuddin, Fitra Rizia, Sarah I. Nainggolan
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 42-48; doi:10.32771/inajog.v9i1.1386

Abstract:
Objective: To assess correlation of High sensitivity C-Reactive Protein (Hs-CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), progesterone and estradiol levels in the first trimester threatened abortion incidence in Dr. Zainoel Abidin Hospital, Banda Aceh.Methods: Case control design used in this study divided threatened abortion into a case group and normal pregnancy into a control group with a total of 20 subjects for each group. This research was conducted in the Emergency Room and Obstetric Ward of Dr. Zainoel Abidin hospital Banda Aceh in 2019. Eta correlation test was conducted to find out the link between variables towards threatened abortion with 95% confidence level followed by the Receiver Operating Curve (ROC) analysis to find out the cut off points.Results: Progesterone levels (14.76 ng/mL), estradiol (427.61 pg/mL), Hs-CRP (2.57 mg/L) and ESR (28.75 mm/hour) case group were lower compared to the control group. Incidence of threatened abortion correlates to progesterone and estradiol with the correlation strength respectively -0.838 and -0.416.Conclusion: Progesterone and estradiol correlate negatively with first-trimester abortion incidence. Evaluation of these two hormones levels is useful for diagnostic purposes and screening of threatened abortion with a cut point of progesterone 23.03 ng/mL and estradiol 468.8 pg/mL.Keywords: C-Reactive Protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, estradiol, progesterone, threatened abortion Abstrak Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menilai korelasi antara kadar High sensitivity C-Reactive Protein (Hs-CRP), Laju Endap Darah (LED), progesteron dan estradiol terhadap kejadian abortus imminens pada trimester pertama di RSUD Dr. Zainoel Abidin Banda Aceh. Metode: Desain kasus kontrol digunakan dalam penelitian ini dimana kejadian abortus imminens menjadi kelompok kasus dan kehamilan normal menjadi kelompok kontrol dengan jumlah masing-masing kelompok sebanyak 20 sampel. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Instalasi Gawat Darurat dan ruang rawat Obstetri Rumah Sakit Umum Dr. Zainoel Abidin (RSUDZA) Banda Aceh pada tahun 2019. Uji korelasi Eta digunakan untuk mengetahui korelasi antar variabel terhadap abortus imminens dengan tingkat kepercayaan 95% dilanjutkan dengan analisis Receive Operating Curve (ROC) untuk menentukan titik potong. Hasil: Kadar progesteron (14,76 ng/mL), estradiol (427,61 pg/mL), Hs-CRP (2,57 mg/L) dan LED (28,75 mm/jam) kelompok kasus lebih rendah dibandingkan kelompok kontrol. Kejadian abortus imminens berkorelasi terhadap progesteron dan estradiol dengan kekuatan korelasi (R) secara berurutan -0,838 dan -0,416. Kesimpulan: Progesteron dan estradiol berkorelasi negatif terhadap kejadian abortus imminens pada trimester pertama kehamilan. Evaluasi kadar kedua hormon tersebut bermanfaat untuk kepentingan diagnostik dan penapisan abortus imminens dengan titik potong progesteron 23,03 ng/mL dan estradiol 468,8 pg/mL. Kata kunci: abortus imminent, C-Reactive Protein, estradiol, laju endap darah, progesteron
Yudianto B Saroyo
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 3-4; doi:10.32771/inajog.v9i1.1495

Rahmad R. B. Wicaksono, Julian Dewantiningrum, Herman Kristanto
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 32-37; doi:10.32771/inajog.v9i1.1429

Abstract:
Objective: To know the relationship between high-sensitivity cardiac Troponin I (hscTnI) level with left ventricular dysfunction on severe preeclampsia.Methods: An observational analytics study with a cross-sectional approach of ten pregnant women with severe preeclampsia who underwent delivery or termination pregnancy and then performed a transthoracic echocardiography examination and serum levels of hscTnI.Results: There is a significant relationship between hscTnI levels and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (p
Juminten Saimin, Steven Ridwan, Irawaty Irawaty, Arimaswati Arimaswati, Sadly Salman, Wawan Hermawan
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 5-9; doi:10.32771/inajog.v9i1.1466

Abstract:
Objective: To determine the clinical profile of pregnant women with COVID-19 who hospitalized in a referral hospital.Methods: This was a descriptive study conducted on pregnant women with COVID-19 who were hospitalized at Regional Hospital of Bau-Bau and Bahteramas Hospital in Southeast Sulawesi from May to July 2020. The confirmation of COVID-19 was based on RT-PCR. Data including characteristics, clinical profile, laboratory test, imaging, management, and outcomes.Results: There were 41 pregnant women with COVID-19 and no maternal death cases. Maternal age was approximately 19 to 39 years, had middle education levels, and was a housewife. Most of them did not know their closed contacts, had no comorbidities, and referrals from other hospitals. They were 3rd-trimester and hospitalized with complaints related to pregnancy. Only 3 cases had complaints related to COVID-19, namely fever and cough. The majority of laboratory tests were leucocytosis. Chest X-ray shows bronchopneumonia, pneumonia, and normal imaging. Obstetrics management was performed according to the condition of the mother and fetus, including vaginal delivery, cesarean section, and curettage. The treatment was using broad-spectrum antibiotics and antiviral. Complications in the fetus/infant were abortion, fetal distress, LBW, and asphyxia.Conclusion: Pregnant women with COVID-19 have mild or asymptomatic symptoms, hospitalized with complaints related to their pregnancy, and treatment according to the condition of the mother and fetus. There are no complications in the mother, while complications in the baby are not clear.Keywords: COVID-19, pregnant women, referral hospital. Abstrak Tujuan: Mengetahui gambaran klinis ibu hamil dengan COVID-19 yang masuk di rumah sakit rujukan COVID-19.Metode: Penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif yang dilakukan pada ibu hamil dengan COVID-19 yang dirawat di rumah sakit rujukan di Sulawesi Tenggara, yaitu RSUD Bau-Bau dan RSU Bahteramas di Kendari, pada bulan Mei sampai Juli 2020. Konfirmasi positif COVID-19 berdasarkan hasil pemeriksaan RT-PCR. Data berupa karakteristik, gambaran klinis, pemeriksaan penunjang, penatalaksanaan, dan luaran. Hasil: Terdapat 41 ibu hamil dengan COVID-19 dan tidak ada kasus kematian ibu. Usia ibu berkisar 19-39 tahun, tingkat pendidikan menengah, dan sebagai ibu rumah tangga. Sebagian besar kasus pada trimester-3, tidak tahu memiliki kontak erat, tidak memiliki komorbid, dan rujukan dari RS lain. Sebagian besar dirawat dengan keluhan terkait kehamilannya dan hanya 3 kasus dengan keluhan terkait COVID-19, yaitu demam dan batuk. Pemeriksaan laboratorium menunjukkan lekositosis. Gambaran foto toraks menunjukkan bronkopneumonia, pneumonia, dan normal. Tindakan obstetri dilakukan atas indikasi ibu dan janin, yaitu persalinan normal, seksio sesarea, dan kuretase. Terapi yang digunakan adalah antibiotic spectrum luas dan antivirus. Komplikasi pada janin/bayi berupa abortus, gawat janin, BBLR, dan asfiksia. Kesimpulan: Ibu hamil dengan COVID-19 memiliki gejala ringan atau asimtomatik, dirawat dengan keluhan terkait kehamilannya, dan dilakukan tindakan obstetri sesuai dengan indikasi ibu dan janin. Tidak ada komplikasi pada ibu, sedangkan komplikasi pada bayi belum jelas.Kata kunci: COVID-19, ibu hamil, rumah sakit rujukan
Yakob Togar Simatupang, Yongki Wenas, Januar Simatupang
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 26-31; doi:10.32771/inajog.v9i1.1413

Abstract:
Objective: To predict outcome of delivery by using ultrasound measurements consisting angle of progression, and head perineum distance.Methods: Sixtytwo parturients assigned in cohort prospective study. Ultrasound examination begin with identifying the cephalic position by placement of transducer on suprapubic region. The angle of progression is obtained trans-labially, head perineum distance and cervical dilation trans-perineally. Ultrasound findings of Nuchal cord, caput, moulding, occiput posterior position then compared with conventional findings. Labour is observed, outcomes are grouped into vaginal delivery and cesarean section.Results: Thirty-six women went for vaginal delivery, 26 underwent cesarean section. Independent T-test showed significant differences of the angle of progression (121.11o vs 88.85o) and head perineum distance (5.15 cm vs 7.26 cm) between the two groups. Linear regression test found a negative correlation on how the angle of progression affecting head perineum distance p-value 101o angle of progression predicts vaginal delivery, area under curve 0.902 and positive likelihood ratio 4.4. Kappa reliability testing for nuchal cord, caput, moulding, and occiput posterior are 0.919, 0.938, 0.384, 0.681 respectively.Conclusion: Intrapartum ultrasound able to predict the outcome of delivery, digital examination of cervical dilation is the mainstay of measurement. Ultrasound able to rule out the presence of nuchal cord, caput, and occiput posterior. Keywords: angle of progression, head perineum distance, intrapartum ultrasound. Abstrak Tujuan: Mengetahui besar sudut penurunan kepala dan jarak kepala ke perineum dengan ultrasonografi intrapartum dalam memprediksi luaran persalinan. Metode: Enam puluh dua ibu bersalin dilakukan pemeriksaan ultrasonografi intrapartum. Identifikasi posisi kepala dengan meletakan transduser di suprapubik, sudut penurunan kepala secara translabial, jarak kepala ke perineum dan nilai dilatasi serviks secara transperineal. Lilitan tali pusat, kaput, molase, dan oksiput posterior pada temuan ulstrasonografi dibandingkan dengan hasil pemeriksaan konvensional. Observasi persalinan dilakukan, di kelompokan untuk persalinan pervaginam dan seksio sesarea.Hasil: Didapatkan 36 persalinan pervaginam dan 26 seksio sesarea. Uji – t secara signifikan berbeda, nilai sudut penurunan kepala (121,11o vs 88,85o), jarak kepala ke perineum (5,15 cm vs 7,26 cm) pada kedua kelompok. Uji regresi linier sudut penurunan kepala dan pengaruhnya terhadap jarak kepala ke perineum berkorelasi negatif p 101o, uji diagnostik dengan kurva Receiver Operating Characteristic didapatkan area dibawah kurva 0.902, rasio kemungkinan positif 4,4. Uji reliabilitas Kappa lilitan tali pusat, kaput ,molase, dan oksiput posterior berturut-turut (k) = 0.919, 0.938, 0.384, dan 0.681. Kesimpulan: Penggunaan ultrasonografi intrapartum dapat memprediksi luaran persalinan, pemriksaan dalam tetap menjadi pemeriksaan utama dalam menilai dilatasi serviks, ultrasnografi mampu mendeteksi lilitan tali pusat, kaput, dan posisi oksiput posterior.Kata kunci: Jarak kepala ke perineum, sudut penurunan kepala, Ultrasonografi intrapartum.
Cut M. Yeni, Mhd. Maqbul M. Lubis, Munawar, Hendra Zuffry
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 15-20; doi:10.32771/inajog.v9i1.1276

Abstract:
Objective: To determine the correlation between Glycated Albumin concentrations with the outcome of pregnant women with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Zainoel Abidin Hospital, Banda Aceh. Methods: This was an observational correlational study using a cross-sectional design. Subjects include pregnant women with a history of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus who are examined for serum GA levels using colorimetric enzymatic methods and the outcomes will be assessed during pregnancy. Data analysis was performed using the ETA test and Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve. Results: A total of 29 subjects with a mean age of 33.25 years had normal maternal outcome and those with a mean age of 34.92 years had abnormal maternal outcome. Statistically there was a significant correlation between GA levels and the maternal outcome of pregnant women with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (p = 0.009) with a moderate degree of negative correlation (r = 0.477). The GA cut-off for pregnancy outcome is 16.77% with a sensitivity and specificity of 76% and 75% respectively. Conclusion: Examination of GA concentration can be used as a predictor to assess maternal outcomes during pregnancy with moderate correlation and a cutoff point of 16.77%. Keywords: diabetes mellitus, glycated albumin, maternal outcome, pregnancy. Abstrak Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui korelasi kadar Glycated Albumin terhadap outcome pada ibu hamil yang menderita diabetes melitus tipe I dan untuk mengetahui berapa kadar Glycated Albumin yang dapat memberikan hasil buruk pada ibu hamil yang menderita diabetes melitus tipe II di RSUD dr. Zainoel Abidin Banda Aceh. Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan studi korelatif observasional menggunakan desain potong lintang. Perempuan hamil dengan riwayat DMT2 akan diperiksan kadar GA serum menggunakan metode enzimatik kolorimetri serta akan dinilai outcome selama kehamilan. Analisis data dilakukan menggunakan uji Eta dan kurva Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) dengan tingkat kepercayaan 95%. Hasil: Sebanyak 29 subjek dengan rerata usia 33,25 tahun (hasil normal) dan 34,92 tahun (hasil kelainan). Secara statistik terdapat korelasi yang bermakna antara kadar GA dan outcome ibu penderita DMT2 (p = 0,009) dengan derajat korelasi sedang (r = 0,477) dengan arah korelasi negatif. Titik potong GA terhadap outcome kehamilan adalah 16,77% dengan sensitifitas dan spesisitas secara berurutan 76% dan 75%. Kesimpulan: Pemeriksaan GA dapat dijadikan sebagai prediktor untuk menilai outcome ibu selama kehamilan dengan tingkat korelasi sedang dan titik potong 16,77%. Kata kunci: diabetes melitus, glikasi albumin, hamil, luaran ibu.
Renny Aditya, Risa Dirgagita
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 38-41; doi:10.32771/inajog.v9i1.1433

Abstract:
Objective: To determine the type of bacteria in post-cesarean surgical patient wounds obtained through the patient's surgical wound swab in the Ward Obstetrics and Gynecology RSUD Ulin Banjarmasin in the period August-October 2019.Methods: This study was a descriptive study with a cross-sectional approach. A total of 36 samples were taken using a purposive sampling method, but only 32 bacterial isolates were obtained. Samples in the form of clean operating wound contaminated post-cesarean patients were planted on growth media and identified microscopically to be further classified based on responses to biochemical tests.Results: Descriptive analysis shows that there are three types of bacteria, namely Staphylococcus aureus as much as 59.3%, Staphylococcus epidermidis as much as 25.0%, and Escherichia coli as much as 15.6%.Conclusion: Obtained 3 types of bacteria in the results of surgical wound swab in post-cesarean section patients who were hospitalized in the Ward and Obstetrics Hospital of Ulin Hospital Banjarmasin, namely Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, and Escherichia coli.Keywords: cesarean section, contaminant bacteria, surgery wound swab. Abstrak Tujuan: Mengetahui gambaran jenis bakteri pada luka operasi pasien pascaseksio sesarea yang didapat melalui swab luka operasi pasien di Bangsal Kandungan dan Kebidanan RSUD Ulin Banjarmasin dalam periode Agustus-Oktober 2019.Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan studi dekskriptif dengan pendekatan potong lintang. Sebanyak 36 sampel diambil menggunakan metode purposive sampling, tetapi hanya didapatkan 32 isolat bakteri. Sampel swab luka operasi bersih terkontaminasi pasien paska seksio sesarea ditanam pada media pertumbuhan dan diidentifikasi secara mikroskopis untuk selanjutnya diklasifikasikan berdasarkan respon terhadap uji biokimia.Hasil : Analisis secara deksriptif menunjukkan bahwa terdapat tiga jenis bakteri, yaitu Staphylococcus aureus sebanyak 59,3%, Staphylococcus epidermidis sebanyak 25,0%, dan Escherichia coli sebanyak 15,6%.Kesimpulan : Didapatkan 3 jenis bakteri pada hasil swab luka operasi pasien pascaseksio sesarea yang dirawat inap di Bangsal Kandungan dan Kebidanan RSUD Ulin Banjarmasin, yaitu Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, dan Escherichia coli.Kata kunci: seksio sesarea, bakteri kontaminan, swab luka operasi.
Rismawati Tambunan, Fahriatni, Hasanuddin
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 59-62; doi:10.32771/inajog.v9i1.1260

Abstract:
Objective: Selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) such as tamoxifen play a role in increasing the risk of developing uterine Fibroid.Methods: Case reportCase: Mrs. 47 years old, Para 6, presented with chief complaints of vaginal bleeding since a year ago. The patient was diagnosed with breast carcinoma 4 years ago and has had a right mastectomy followed by 6 cycles of chemotherapy which is then continued with tamoxifen treatment for 4 years, USG examination revealed uterine myoma to which we performed bilateral salphingoophorectomy hysterectomy, with anatomic pathology results of a uterine Fibroid and chronic endometritis.Conclusion: Selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) such as tamoxifen exhibit antagonistic reactions in breast tissue which makes it appropriate to be used in the treatment of breast cancer. However, they can also be potentially agonistic on estrogen receptors in the uterus, which can cause the growth of uterine Fibroid. Nevertheless, the benefits of adjuvant tamoxifen for breast cancer outweighs its potential for developing uterine Fibroid and endometrial carcinoma, because metastatic breast cancer will always be fatal, whereas uterine myoma and endometrial cancer caused by the effects of tamoxifen can be prevented by regular evaluation and total hysterectomy.Keywords: breast cancer,tamoxifen, uterine fibroid, Abstrak Tujuan: Selektif estrogen reseptor modulator (SERMs) seperti tamoksifen berperan dalam meningkatkan risiko mengembangkan mioma uteri. Metode: Laporan KasusKasus: Ny 47 Thn Para 6, datang dengan keluhan perdarahan dari jalan lahir yang dirasakan ibu selama 1 tahun ini, pasien telah menderita kanker payudara 4 tahun yang lalu dan telah dilakukan mastektomi mammae dextra dilanjutkan kemoterapi 6 siklus kemudian dilanjutkan dengan pengobatan tamoksifen selama 4 tahun ini, dari pemeriksaan USG didapatkan adanya mioma uteri kemudian dilanjutkan dengan tindakan histerektomi salphingooforektomi bilateral, dengan hasil patologi anatomi suatu mioma uteri dan endometritis kronis.Kesimpulan: Selektif estrogen reseptor modulator (SERMs) seperti tamoksifen merupakan reaksi antagonis reseptor estrogen pada jaringan payudara yang digunakan dalam pengobatan kanker payudara, tetapi dapat berpotensi agonis pada reseptor estrogen pada uterus sehingga dapat menyebabkan pertumbuhan mioma uteri. Tetapi penggunaan tamoksifen ajuvan untuk kanker payudara lebih bermanfaat dibandingkan dengan potensinya untuk mengembangkan mioma uteri dan karsinoma endometrium, karena kanker payudara metastatik akan selalu berakibat fatal, sedangkan mioma uteri dan kanker endometrium yang ditimbulkan oleh efek tamoksifen dapat dicegah dengan evaluasi teratur dan dilakukan tindakan total histerektom.Kata kunci: kanker payudara, mioma uteri, tamoksifen
Lisnawati Yuyun, Marianna Yesy, Rinawati Rohsiswatmo
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 21-25; doi:10.32771/inajog.v9i1.1397

Abstract:
Objective: Increased levels of inflammatory factors in newborns are often associated with lower maternal vitamin D levels. This study aimed to find out the relationship between maternal and umbilical cord vitamin D serum levels on umbilical cord Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and serum C-Reactive Protein (CRP) levels in premature infants.Methods: The study was an observational analytic, cross-sectional design in mothers who underwent preterm birth at 28-34 weeks' gestation due to premature rupture of membranes (PROM) and their infants at Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital (RSCM), Jakarta and Persahabatan General Hospital, Jakarta, from January 2017 to August 2018. Levels of serum vitamin D of the maternal and umbilical cord, umbilical cord IL-6 and serum CRP in premature infants were recorded. Vitamin D level was divided into deficiency (30 ng/mL) groups. The relationship of vitamin D levels with IL-6 and CRP was carried out using Kruskal Wallis test.Results: A total of 70 subjects met the research criteria. Umbilical cord IL-6 and serum CRP levels in premature infants of vitamin D deficient mothers were higher (20.31 pg/mL and 0.50 mg/L) compared to insufficient (3.34 pg/mL and 0.45 mg/L) and normal mothers (3.29 pg/mL and 0.30 mg/L), although not statistically significant (IL-6 p = 0.665, CRP p = 0.89). Referring to the umbilical cord blood vitamin D levels, the results were different and not as expected, in which the umbilical cord IL-6 and serum CRP levels of preterm infants in the deficiency (3.76 pg/mL and 0.35 mg/L) and insufficiency (3.37 pg/mL and 0.40 mg/L) groups were lower (IL-6) and not different (CRP) than the normal group (9.41 pg/mL and 0.40 mg/L).Conclusion: There were an increasing tendency for umbilical cord IL-6 and serum CRP levels in premature infants of vitamin D deficient mothers although these were not statistically significant. Based on the levels of vitamin D umbilical cord blood, the CRP levels in the serum of premature infants were not different, while the IL-6 levels in the deficiency and insufficiency group were lower than in the normal group.Keywords: CRP, IL-6, maternal vitamin D, umbilical cord vitamin D. Abstrak Tujuan: Peningkatan kadar faktor inflamasi pada bayi baru lahir sering dikaitkan dengan rendahnya kadar vitamin D ibu. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan kadar serum vitamin D ibu dan tali pusat, dengan kadar IL-6 tali pusat dan serum C-Reactive Protein (CRP) bayi prematur.Metode: Studi observasional analitik dengan desain potong lintang pada subjek ibu yang mengalami kelahiran prematur di usia 28–34 minggu kehamilan disebabkan ketuban pecah dan bayi yang dilahirkannya, di Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat Nasional dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo (RSCM) dan Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat Persahabatan, Jakarta, pada bulan Januari 2017 sampai Agustus 2018. Variabel data adalah kadar serum vitamin D ibu dan tali pusat, kadar serum IL-6 tali pusat dan kadar CRP darah bayi. Kadar vitamin D (25(OH)D) dibagi menjadi defisiensi (30 ng/mL) dan dicari hubungannya dengan kadar IL-6 tali pusat dan serum CRP bayi prematur, menggunakan uji Kruskal Wallis. Hasil: Sebanyak 70 subjek telah memenuhi kriteria penelitian. Kadar IL-6 tali pusat dan serum CRP bayi prematur dari kelompok ibu defisiensi vitamin D (20,31 pg/ml dan 0,50 mg/L) lebih tinggi dibandingkan kelompok ibu insufisiensi vitamin D (3,34 pg/mL dan 0,45 mg/L) maupun kelompok ibu normal vitamin D (3,29 pg/mL dan 0,30 mg/L) tetapi perbedaan tersebut tidak bermakna (IL-6 p=0,665 dan CRP p = 0,899). Mengacu pada kadar vitamin D darah tali pusat didapatkan hasil yang berbeda dan tidak sesuai harapan, dimana tali pusat IL-6 dan serum CRP bayi prematur mengalami defisiensi (3,76 pg / mL dan 0,35 mg / L) dan insufisiensi. (3,37 pg / mL dan 0,40 mg / L) kelompok lebih rendah (IL-6) dan tidak berbeda (CRP) dibandingkan kelompok normal (9,41 pg / mL dan 0,40 mg / L).Kesimpulan: Didapat kecenderungan peningkatan kadar IL-6 darah tali pusat dan serum CRP bayi prematur dari ibu dengan defisiensi kadar vitamin D walaupun secara statistik tidak signifikan. Berdasarkan kelompok vitamin D darah tali pusat, kadar CRP serum bayi prematur tidak berbeda, sedangkan kadar IL-6 pada kelompok defisiensi dan insufisiensi lebih rendah dibandingkan pada kelompok normal.Kata kunci: CRP, IL-6, vitamin D ibu, vitamin D tali pusat.
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