Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 23386401 / 23387335
Total articles ≅ 270
Archived in
SHERPA/ROMEO
Filter:

Latest articles in this journal

Wachyu Hadisaputra
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 172-172; doi:10.32771/inajog.v1i4.1076

Kukuh W Kustarto, Fernandi Moegni
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 130-140; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i2.540

Abstract:Objective: to provide data on the correlation of levator hiatus area measurements in symptomatic POP using 3D / 4D Ultrasound with clinical examination of Gh, Pb and summation (Gh+Pb). Methods: Secondary data analysis of 160 POP patients examined from January 2012 to April 2017 at the Urogynecology Clinic RSCM, Jakarta. Taken data on patient characteristics, maximum 3D / 4D Ultrasound measurement of Levator Hiatus Area, and clinical measurement results using pelvic organ prolapse quantification system (POP-Q) Results: There was a positive correlation between clinical examination and measurement of hiatal area area using ultrasound with r = 0.43 for Gh length, and the medium correlation on the sum of Gh and Pb with r = 0,51. No correlation for Pb length with r = 0.23. The optimal cut to differentiate degrees 2 by 3 is 7.5 cm / 29.7 cm2 and degree 3 by 4 is 8.3 cm / 32.1 cm2. Conclusion: Clinical examination by summing the lengths of Gh and Pb may be consider reflects the examination of the hiatal area by using transperineal ultrasound to see the strain on levator ani called “ballooning” in an area with limited resources. Keywords: genital hiatus, levator hiatus area, pelvic organ prolapse, perineal body. Abstrak Tujuan: untuk memberikan data mengenai korelasi pengukuran area hiatus levator pada POP simtomatik mengunakan Ultrasonografi 3D/4D dengan pemeriksaan klinis yaitu panjang Gh, panjang Pb dan penjumlahannya. Metode : Analisa data sekunder sebanyak 160 pasien POP yang diperiksa dari Januari 2012 hingga April 2017 di poliklinik Urogynecology RSCM, Jakarta. Diambil data karakteristik pasien, pengukuran Ultrasonografi 3D/4D maksimal Area Hiatal Levator, dan hasil pengukuran secara klinis dengan menggunakan pelvic organ prolapse quantification system (POP-Q) Hasil : Terdapat korelasi positif antara pemeriksaan klinis dengan pengukuran luas area hiatal menggunakan USG dengan r = 0,43 untuk panjang Gh, dan korelasi pada penjumlahan Gh dan Pb dengan r=0,51 termasuk kategori sedang, sedangkan untuk panjang Pb dengan r = 0,23 tidak didapatkan adanya korelasi. Didapatkan titik potong optimal untuk membedakan derajat 2 dengan derajat 3 adalah 7,5 cm / 29,7 cm2 dan derajat 3 dan derajat 4 adalah 8,3 cm / 32,1 cm2 Kesimpulan : Pemeriksaan klinis dengan menjumlahkan panjang Gh dan panjang Pb dapat dipertimbangkan untuk mencerminkan pemeriksaan area hiatal dengan mengunakan USG 3 / 4 dimensi transperineal pada daerah dengan sarana terbatas untuk melihat regangan pada levator ani atau yang disebut sebagai “ballooning Kata kunci : badan perineum, genital hiatus, hiatal levator ani, prolaps organ panggul.
Erry G Dachlan
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 74-75; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i2.1072

Noroyono Wibowo, Fitriana Fitriana
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 86-91; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i2.880

Abstract:Objective: to compare zinc, selenium, iron and copper levels in maternal serum of normal and preterm pregnancy. Methods: It is a cross sectional study with preterm and normal pregnant woman who will carry delivery in Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo National Hospital and Budi Kemuliaan Hospital Jakarta from January to April 2017. This study was conducted by comparing the levels of each micronutrient in both groups of subjects. Result: From January until April 2017, there were 53 subjects divided into 30 normal pregnant women and 23 preterm pregnant women. The levels of zinc, selenium iron and copper in preterm pregnancy were 42 µg/dL, 72,39 µg/L, 74 µg/L, and 2144,52 µg/dL. Levels of zinc, selenium, iron and copper in normal pregnancy were 42 µg/dL, 67,27 µg/L, 70,5 µg/L, and 2221 µg/dL. There was no difference in micronutrients level in both groups. Conclusion: This study concluded that there was no difference in zinc, selenium, iron and copper levels in normal and preterm pregnancy. Keywords: pregnancy, zinc, selenium, iron, copper LatarBelakang:Persalinan preterm adalahpersalinansebelumusiakehamilan 37 minggulengkap. Persalinan preterm inimasihmenjadimasalah di seluruhdunia.Padalaporan World Health Organization (WHO), Indonesia mendudukiperingkatkelimanegaradenganpersalinan preterm terbanyakyakni 675.700 persalinanpadatahun 2010.Berbagaifaktordihubungkandenganpenyebabterjadinyapersalinan preterm, termasuksalahsatunyaadalahgangguannutrisiselamakehamilan, terutamaseng, selenium, besidantembaga. Tujuan:Penelitianinimembandingkankadarseng, selenium, besidantembagapada serum maternal ibuhamil normal dan preterm. Metode:Penelitiandilakukandenganujipotong-lintangdengansubjekpenelitianibuhamilbaik preterm maupunaterm yang akanmelaksanakanpersalinan di RSUPN Dr. CiptoMangunkusumodan RS Budi Kemuliaan Jakarta padaJanuarihingga April 2017. Penelitiandilakukandenganmembandingkankadarmasing-masingmikronutrienpadakeduakelompoksubjek. Hasil:DalamjangkawaktuJanuarihingga April 2017 didapatkan 53 subjekpenelitianyakni 30 ibuhamil normal dan 23 ibudengankehamilan preterm. Seluruhsubjekdimasukkandalamanalisis data.Kadar seng, selenium, besidantembagapadaibudengankehamilan preterm secaraberurutanadalah 42 µg/dL, 72,39 µg/L, 74 µg/L, dan 2144,52 µg/dL.Sedangkankadarseng, selenium, besidantembagapadaibuhamil normal secaraberurutanadalah 42 µg/dL, 67,27 µg/L, 70,5 µg/L, dan 2221 µg/dL. Tidakadaperbedaanbermaknakadarmikronutrienpadakeduakelompoksubjek. Kesimpulan: Penelitianinimenyimpulkanbahwatidakadaperbedaankadarseng, selenium, besidantembagapadaibuhamil normal danibudengankehamilan preterm. Kata kunci:kehamilan, seng, selenium, besi, tembaga
Cindy Kesty, Hendra S Saputra
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 97-100; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i2.980

Abstract:Objective: To determine the MMR trends, its associated factors, and neonatal outcome at East OKU Regional Public Hospital from 2013 until 2016. Methods: This descriptive study was performed from January 2013 until December 2016 in maternity ward and Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of East OKU Regional Public Hospital, South Sumatera. Data was collected from medical records. There were 17 maternal deaths, but 1 data was excluded due to lack of data. Results: We recorded 2,191 pregnancies and 17 maternal deaths. Over 4 years, the lowest MMR occurred in 2013 (229/100,000) and achieved its peak in 2014 (1,306/100,000). Then, MMR followed downward trend dropping from 1,087/100,000 in 2015 until 588/100,000 in 2016. Most of deceased were childbearing age women (50.0%), multigravida (62.5%), but nulliparous (50.0%), and aterm (87.5%). The major etiology of maternal deaths were hypertensive disorder (37.5%), followed by hypertensive disorder + hemorrhage and hypertensive disorder + infection in the same proportion. MMR were higher in inborn cases (87.5%), born via C-section (87.5%), and treated for less than 48 hours (93.75%). Alive neonatal were born in most cases (62.5%). Conclusion: MMR trends in our hospital were fluctuating with a downward trend, but still much higher than the MDGs target in 2015 (102/100,000). Hypertensive disorder plays significant role in maternal deaths. In addition, most of neonates were born alive. We hope that this study can be a feedback for hospital to do maternal and perinatal audit. Keywords: Factors, Maternal mortality rate, Neonatal outcome, Regional public hospital, Trends Tujuan: Untuk menentukan pola, faktor yang berkaitan, dan luaran neonatus di RSUD OKU Timur dari 2013 hingga 2016. Metode: Studi deskriptif dilakukan dari Januari 2013 hingga Desember 2016 di bangsal kebidanan dan unit perawatan intensif RSUD OKU Timur, Sumatera Selatan. Data dikumpulkan dari rekam medik. Terdapat 17 kematian ibu, tetapi 1 data dieksklusi karena data yang kurang lengkap. Hasil: Terdapat 2.191 kehamilan, dan 17 kematian ibu. Selama 4 tahun, AKI terendah terjadi pada 2013 (229/100.000) dan mencapai puncaknya pada 2014 (1.306/100.000). Kemudian, AKI mengalami penurunan dari 1.087/100.000 pada 2015 hingga 588/100.000 pada 2016. Mayoritas sampel berusia reproduktif (50,0%), multigravida (62,5%) dan nulipara (50,0%), serta aterm (87,5%). Mayoritas kematian ibu disebabkan oleh hipertensi dalam kehamilan (HDK) (37,5%), diikuti oleh HDK + perdarahan dan HDK + infeksi dalam jumlah yang sama. AKI lebih tinggi pada ibu yang melahirkan di RS (87,5%), melahirkan melalui sectio caesaria (87,5%), dan dirawat selama kurang dari 48 jam (93,75%). Mayoritas neonatus dilahirkan hidup (62,5%). Kesimpulan: Pola AKI di RSUD berfluktuasi dengan pola menurun, tetapi masih jauh lebih tinggi dari target MDGs pada tahun 2015 (102/100,000). Hipertensi dalam kehamilan berperan signifikan terhadap kematian ibu. Mayoritas neonatus dilahirkan hidup. Studi ini...
Tricia D Anggraeni, Olivia Widyanti
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 152-156; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i2.888

Abstract:A delay on diagnosing Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasia (GTN) may cause increase of morbidity to the patient. The important things that OBGYN usually forgot is that GTN may develop not only from previous molar gestation (50-60%), but also from abortions or ectopic pregnancy (25-30%) and term or preterm deliveries (10-25%).1,2This can cause a delay on diagnosing that may increase the GTN score from low risk become high risk, such as this case, as follow.
Nuring Pangastuti, Lathifa N Indraswari, Shinta Prawitasari
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 105-109; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i2.667

Abstract:Background: Preterm delivery is the leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Urinary tract infection is one of the infectious diseases that often occur in pregnant women. Despite, the correlation between bacteriuria, either symptomatic or asymptomatic, and preterm delivery is still controversial. Purpose: To investigate the correlation between the incidence of UTI and preterm delivery. Methods: We conducted a cohort retrospective research using patients medical records. We analyzed the incidence of UTI and preterm delivery from January to December 2015, in Dr. Sardjito Hospital, Yogyakarta. Results: The sample of this study covers medical records of 45 patients with preterm delivery. From total sampel, only 25 patients (55.6%) underwent urinalysis. Of these 25 patients, 15 (60%) had UTIs and all of them had preterm delivery. The result showed 13 (86.7%) of 15 patients with bacteriuria were asymptomatic. Bacteriuria that was found in 15 subjects was not statistically significant when compared to preterm delivery indicated with relative ratio of 1,083 (p = 0,581 > 0,05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that preterm delivery were not directly related to UTI (p = 0.704), gestational age (p = 0.274), symptom of UTI (0.699), history of UTI (p=0.999), and history of coitus (p = 0.872). Conclusion: The study revealed that preterm delivery was not related to UTI. Other causes should be considered. However, the discovery of asymptomatic bacteriuria in patients with preterm delivery indicated that this might be one of the risk factors for preterm delivery. Routine urinalysis test for pregnant woman considered for the prevention. Keywords: UTIs, preterm delivery, bacteriuria
Herbert Situmorang, Renny Lestari, Eka R Gunardi
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 116-121; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i2.831

Abstract:Objective: To evaluate the correlation between the Altman Self-Rating Mania Scale (ASRM) score in endometriosis and severity pelvic pain in a group of women with endometriosis. Method: A total of 131 patients with pelvic pain who: conduct laparoscopy for diagnosis and therapy of endometriosis, have pain symptoms>3 months, and absence of pelvic anomalies. Dysmenorrhea, deep dyspareunia, dyschezia, dysuria, and chronic pelvic pain were evaluated using a 10-point visual analogue scale. The data was collected by assessing the medical record, and retrospective analysis was performed. Disease stage according to the American Society of Reproductive Medicine, the presence of adhesion, lesion type (Deep Infiltrating Endometriosis (DIE) or without DIE), and severity of pain symptoms were analysed by Spearman analysis. Different VAS between DIE vs non DIE group was analysed by Mann-Whitney analysis. Result: Stage IV endometriosis accounts for 79.4%. Based on the macroscopic appearance, ovarian endometriosis accounts for 92.4%, peritoneal endometriosis 82.4%, DIE was 40.5%, and adenomyosis was 19.1%. There was significant correlation between total ASRM, ovarian endometriosis, peritoneal lesion, Douglas pouch obliteration, adnexal adhesion score and VAS dysmenorrhea (r=0.303; 0,187; 0,203; 0,278; 0,266, p 3 bulan, dan tidak mengalami kelainan organ pelvis. Dilakukan evaluasi terhadap dismenorea, dyspareunia dalam, diskezia, dysuria, dan nyeri pelvic kronik dengan menggunakan nilai 1-10 dari skala analog visual. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat Rujukan Nasional Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo, Jakarta. Stadium endometriosis berdasarkan American Society of Reproductive Medicine, kejadian adhesi, jenis lesi (ada Endometriosis Susukan Dalam/ESD atau tanpa ESD), dan derajat keparahan nyeri dianalisis dengan analisis Spearman. Perbedaan skala nyeri antara ESD dan non ESD dianalisis dengan metode Mann-Whitney. Hasil: Sebanyak 79,4% pasien tergolong ke dalam endometriosis stadium IV. Berdasarkan tampilan makroskopik, endometriosis ovarium terdapat pada 92,4%, endometriosis peritoneal 82,4%, ESD 40,5%, dan adenomiosis pada 19,1%. Terdapat korelasi positif bermakna antara skor ASRM total, sub-skorkista endometriosis, endometriosis superfisial, obliterasi kavum douglas, dan adhesia dneksa dengan VAS dismenorea (r=0,303; 0,187; 0,203; 0,278; 0,266, p
Jm Seno Adjie, Erik J Triyadi
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 76-79; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i2.879

Abstract:Objective: To acknowledge the effectiveness and safety of MVA compare with SC in management of incomplete abortion below 12 weeks of gestation which compare time to perform procedure, rates of evacuation and infection one week after procedure, and complication during MVA and SC procedure Methods: A prospective study with 62 subjects with complain incomplete abortion came to ER at RSCM, RS Fatmawati and RS Karawang, divided into 31 subjects on MVA group and 31 subjects on SC group. The data was documented on the time of MVA procedure compare to SC, clinical findings on complication during procedure, completed evacuation and infection symptoms one week after procedure. Results: Sixty two subjects (31 each group) with average time of procedure was 17,65 ± 4,128 minutes and SC was 22,26 ± 4,611 minutes with p = 0,00 and 95% CI; -4,513(-6,837 to -2,389 with significant statistically difference. The comparison of completed evacuation one week after procedure was 3,2% (n = 1) on MVA and 6,5% (n = 2) on SC with clinical findings, and p = 0,554, RR = 1,034 and 95% CI 0,924 – 1,158 with no statistically difference. On the other comparison, we didn’t find any infection symptoms one week after procedure and complication during procedure on both of procedures. Conclusion: MVA has more effective than SC on the time of procedure in incomplete abortion with below 12 weeks of gestation. MVA has superiority from completed evacuation but no statistically difference and has equal safety to SC on clinical infection symptoms and complication during procedure. Keywords: Manual Vacuum Aspiration (MVA), sharp curettage (SC), incomplete abortion. Tujuan:Mengetahuiefektifitasdankeamanandari AVM dibandingkan dengan kuret tajam pada penanganan abortusin komplit dibawah usia kehamilan 12 minggu dengan melihatdari lama tindakan, proporsi tingkat kebersihan evakuasi sisa konsepsi 1 minggu pasca tindakan, proporsigejala – gejalainfeksi 1 minggu pasca tindakan dan proporsi komplikasi pada saat tindakan AVM dan kuret tajam. Metode:Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kohort prospektif (observasional) dengan jumlah sampel 62 subjek yang berkunjung dengan abortusin komplit ke UGD RSCM, RS Fatmawati dan RSUD Karawang terbagi dalam 31 subjek pada kelompok prosedur AVM dan 31 subjek pada kelompok prosedur kuret tajam. Data dikumpulkanmelaluipencatatanwaktu lama prosedur AVM dibandingkankurettajam, pemeriksaan klinis komplikasi selama prosedur berlangsung, pemeriksaan klinis kebersihan sisa konspesi 1 minggu pasca tindakan dan gejala – gejala infeksi 1 minggu pasca tindakan. Hasil:Sebanyak 62 subjek (masing – masing 31 subjek), dimana didapatkan rerata dan simpang baku prosedur AVM 17,65 ± 4,128 menit dan kuret tajam 22,26 ± 4,611 menit dengan p = 0,00 dan IK 95% -4,513(-6,837 s/d -2,389), bermakna secara statistik. Pada perbandingan proporsi tingkat kebersihan evakuasi sisa konsepsi 1 minggu pasca tindakan didapatkan pada AVM 3,2% (n = 1) dan pada kuret tajam 6,5% (n...
Lucia L Levita, Hadiprodjo Hadiprodjo, Nusratuddin Abdullah, Nugraha U Pelupessy
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 122-125; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i2.622

Abstract:Objective : To determine the relationship between estradiol levels and psychosocial stress in the perimenopausal women. Methods : Sixty perimenopausal included in a cross-sectional study from July to December 2016. Blood samples obtained from the women to measure the estradiol and the cortisol levels. Stress level measured with visual. Data presented as the mean and standard deviation (mean±SD) with p-value <.05 was considered statistically significant. Results : There was no significant difference between the estradiol levels and the stress level (p=0.27) during perimenopause period. The estradiol levels were higher compared with the cortisol levels. The non parametrik correlations analysis show the estradiol levels were not correlated with the cortisol levels (p=0.352). However, the cortisol levels were correlated with the stress levels (p