Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

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ISSN / EISSN : 2338-6401 / 2338-7335
Total articles ≅ 375
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Alfian Prasetyo, Sheella Rima Bororing, Yuma Sukadarma
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 115-118; doi:10.32771/inajog.v9i2.1502

Objective: To determine the correlation between neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio and preeclampsia. To determine whether neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio can be used as a screening tool for preeclampsia.Methods: This study was conducted with a systematic review method. Articles that had been gathered and filtered were reviewed by QUADAS-2 tool. Guidelines from the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) and Pedoman Nasional Pelayanan Kedokteran were used as a diagnostic criteria for determining preeclampsiaResults: Studies conducted by Kirbas et al, Cakmak et al, Wang et al and Panwar et al stated that there is a correlation between neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio to preeclampsia (p-value < 0.05). Cut-off values are diverse between 3.5 - 5.6 with different sensitivity and specificity.Conclusion: This systematic review shows that there is a relationship between neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio and preeclampsia. Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio can be used as screening tools for preeclampsia in the first trimester.Keywords: neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio, NLR, preeclampsia. Abstrak Tujuan: Mengetahui apakah terdapat hubungan antara rasio neutrofil terhadap limfosit dengan preeklampsia. Mengetahui apakah rasio neutrofil terhadap limfosit dapat dijadikan sebagai alat bantu skrining preeklampsia.Metode: Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan metode systematic review. Artikel yang disaring akan ditentukan kualitasnya menggunakan QUADAS-2. Kriteria diagnostik preeklampsia yang digunakan adalah American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) untuk penelitian luar negeri dan Pedoman Nasional Pelayanan Kedokteran untuk penelitian dalam negeri.Hasil : Penelitian yang dilakukan oleh Kirbas et al, Cakmak et al, Wang et al, dan Panwar et al menyatakan bahwa terdapat hubungan antara rasio neutrofil terhadap limfosit dengan preeklampsia ( p-value < 0.05). Nilai cutoff dari rasio neutrofil terhadap preeklampsia beragam mulai dari 3.5 - 5.6 dengan sensitivitas dan spesifisitas yang berbeda-beda.Kesimpulan : Penelitian systematic review ini menunjukan bahwa rasio neutrofil terhadap limfosit memiliki hubungan dengan penyakit preeklampsia. Rasio neutrofil terhadap limfosit dapat dijadikan sebagai alat bantu skrining untuk preeklampsia pada trimester pertama.Kata kunci: rasio neutrofil terhadap Limfosit, NLR, preeklamsia.
Dini F. Omari, Yusrawati, Satya W. Yenny
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 65-69; doi:10.32771/inajog.v9i2.1434

Objective: To analyse the association between determinants of maternal deaths and obstetric haemorrhage in Padang, Indonesia.Methods: A retrospective case-control study was conducted in Padang, Indonesia from 2015 to 2019. Maternal deaths that occurred due to obstetric hemorrhage in Padang Health Department was compared to three mothers who survived from obstetric hemorrhage (controls) in Dr. M. Djamil General Hospital, Padang, Indonesia.Results: There were 20 deaths caused by obstetric hemorrhage during 2015 to 2019. Death records could only be found in 16 cases. The most common etiology of obstetric hemorrhage was uterine atony (62.5%). Determinants associated with maternal deaths due to obstetric hemorrhage were interval between pregnancies (p=0.045; OR:10.846), history of previous labour (p=0.003; OR:8.556), and antenatal care (p=0.003; OR:21.364). Age, parity, birth attendant, and mother’s educational level were not significantly associated with maternal deaths due to obstetric hemorrhage.Conclusion: Uterine atony was the most frequent etiology of maternal deaths due to obstetric hemorrhage. There was a significant association between pregnancy intervals, history of previous labour, and antenatal care with maternal deaths due to obstetric hemorrhage.Keywords: determinant, obstetric hemorrhage, maternal death. Abstrak Tujuan: Menganalisis hubungan determinan kematian maternal akibat perdarahan obstetri di Kota Padang.Metode: Sebuah studi retrospektif case-control dilakukan di Kota Padang dari tahun 2015–2019. Setiap kasus kematian ibu akibat perdarahan obstetri dari tahun 2015–2019 yang dilaporkan oleh Dinas Kesehatan Kota Padang dibandingkan dengan tiga kasus perdarahan obstetri yang tidak berakibat kematian di RSUP Dr. M. Djamil Padang. Analisis data menggunakan uji Chi-square.Hasil: Ada 20 kasus kematian akibat perdarahan obstetri selama tahun 2015–2019. Catatan kematian hanya dapat diperoleh pada 16 kasus. Etiologi terbanyak kematian akibat perdarahan obstetri ialah atonia uteri. Determinan yang berhubungan dengan kematian akibat perdarahan obstetri ialah jarak kehamilan (p=0.045; OR:10.846), riwayat persalinan sebelumnya (p=0.003; OR:8.556), dan antenatal care (p=0.003; OR:21.364). Tidak terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara usia, paritas, penolong persalinan, dan tingkat pendidikan ibu dengan kematian maternal akibat perdarahan obstetri.Kesimpulan: Atonia uteri merupakan etiologi tertinggi kematian maternal akibat perdarahan obstetri. Ada hubungan yang signifikan antara jarak kehamilan, riwayat persalinan sebelumnya, dan antenatal care dengan kematian maternal akibat perdarahan obstetri.Kata kunci: determinan, kematian maternal, perdarahan obstetri.
Rahayu Basir, Eddy Hartono, Eddy R. Moeljono, St. Nur Asni
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 78-81; doi:10.32771/inajog.v9i2.1153

Objective: To determine the correlation between spontaneous abortion and Chlamydia trachomatis infection. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in women who experienced spontaneous abortion. Normal pregnancies with gestational age more than equal to 37 weeks as control. Detection of C. trachomatis in the product of conception or placenta from curettage using the PCR method. Results: Positive C. trachomatis was found 3 cases in the abortion group and 4 cases in control. In the abortion group, C. trachomatis found in 1 case with vaginal discharge history and 2 cases without this history. C. trachomatis also found in 3 cases without a history of abortion. This bacteria was not found in patients with an abortion history. In the control group, 2 cases of positive C. trachomatis were found in pregnant women with or without a history of vaginal discharge and abortion, respectively. There were no significant differences regarding the positive of C. trachomatis between the two study groups regarding history of vaginal discharge and abortion. Conclusions: Spontaneous abortion does not correlate with C. trachomatis infection. Keywords: chlamydia trachomatis, infection, spontaneous abortion. Abstrak Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui hubungan antara abortus spontan dan infeksi Chlamydia trachomatis. Metode: Penelitian potong lintang dilakukan pada perempuan yang mengalami abortus spontan. Kehamilan normal dengan usia kehamilan lebih dari sama dengan 37 minggu sebagai kontrol. Deteksi C. trachomatis pada produk konsepsi atau plasenta dari kuretase menggunakan metode PCR. Hasil: C. trachomatis positif ditemukan 3 kasus pada kelompok aborsi dan 4 kasus dalam kontrol. Pada kelompok abortus spontan, C. trachomatis ditemukan pada 1 kasus dengan riwayat keputihan dan 2 kasus tanpa riwayat keputihan. C. trachomatis juga ditemukan pada 3 kasus tanpa riwayat abortus. Bakteri ini tidak ditemukan pada pasien dengan riwayat abortus. Pada kelompok kontrol, 2 kasus positif C. trachomatis masing-masing ditemukan pada perempuan hamil dengan atau tanpa riwayat keputihan dan abortus. Tidak ada perbedaan signifikan C. trachomatis positif antara kedua kelompok penelitian berdasarkan riwayat keputihan dan abortus. Kesimpulan: Abortus spontan tidak berkorelasi dengan infeksi C. trachomatis. Kata kunci: abortus spontan, chlamydia trachomatis, infeksi.
Christofer J. H. Ladja, Ims Murah Mano, Andi M. Tahir, St. Maisuri T. Chalid
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 90-94; doi:10.32771/inajog.v9i2.634

Objective: To compare the outcomes of mothers and newborns in emergency cesarean section and elective cesarean section.Methods: A prospective cohort study included 120 pregnant women consists of 60 women who performed an emergency cesarean section and 60 women who underwent elective cesarean section. Age, education level, occupation, income, history of comorbidities, history of abortion or miscarriage, antenatal care history, decision-making time until surgery is performed along with other components required, duration of operation, outcome of mother and fetal were obtained through interviews and questionnaires. Data were analyzed regarding fetal outcome and cesarean sections indications.Results: The maternal and fetal outcome between emergency and elective cesarean section were not significantly different regarding on hospital stay, dehiscence, NICU admission, Apgar score and newborn status (dead or alive). Blood transfusion is the main difference signifi cant indication for maternal outcome between emergency and elective procedure (p less than 0.05). The total duration of procedure less than 60 or more than 60 minutes and maternal-fetal outcome not signifi cantly different between two type of procedures.Conclusions: Emergency cesarean section at preterm gestational age with an operating time less than equal to 60 minutes leads to greater transfusion blood requirements compared with elective cesarean section.Keywords: emergency cesarean section, elective cesareansection, mother-infant outcome. AbstrakTujuan: Membandingkan luaran ibu dan bayi baru lahir di seksio sesarea emergensi dan elektif.Metode: Penelitian kohort prospektif melibatkan 120 perempuan hamil terdiri atas 60 perempuan yang melakukan operasi seksio sesarea emergensi dan 60 perempuan melakukan operasi elektif. Usia, tingkatpendidikan, pekerjaan, pendapatan, riwayat komorbiditas, riwayat aborsi atau keguguran, riwayat asuhan antenatal, waktu pengambilan keputusan sampai operasi dilakukan bersamaan dengan komponen lain yang diperlukan, lamanya operasi, luaran ibu dan bayi diperoleh melalui wawancara dan kuesioner. Data yang dianalisis mengenai luaran ibu dan bayinya.Hasil: Luaran ibu dan bayi antara seksio sesarea emergensi dan elektif tidak berbeda bermakna dalam hal lama rawat inap, dehisensi, admisi, skor Apgar dan status bayi baru lahir (meninggal atau hidup). Transfusi darah adalah indikasi penting utama yang berbeda untuk luaran ibu antara prosedur emergensi dan elektif (p kurang dari 0,05). Durasi total prosedur kurang dari 60 atau lebih dari 60 menit dan luaran ibu tidak berbeda secara signifikan antara kedua jenis seksio sesarea.Kesimpulan: Tindakan seksio sesarea emergensi pada usia gestasi prematur dengan waktu operasi kurang dari sama dengan 60 menit menyebabkan kebutuhan transfusi darah lebih besar dibandingkan seksio sesarea elektif.Kata kunci: luaran ibu-bayi, seksio sesarea elektif, seksio sesarea emergensi.
Christy Hanudji, Eddy Suparman, Joice M. M. Sondakh
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 82-89; doi:10.32771/inajog.v9i2.1297

Objective: To find out the relationship between knowledge and attitudes of fertile aged women with IVA examination behaviour at Bitung Barat Public Health Center in Bitung City.Method: This was a cross-sectional study. Samples of 145 fertile aged women in area Bitung Barat Public Health Center Bitung city.Results: Of the 145 respondents, the highest group had sufficient and good knowledge. The highest percentage is respondents who have sufficient knowledge with a percentage of 44.14%. The attitude towards the IVA examination was assessed as good as 122 people (84.14%). The number of respondents who did not do an IVA examination is 94 people (64.83%) more than respondents who did not do an IVA examination that is 51 people (35.17%). Based on the results of statistical tests it is known that the significance value of p = 0.000. The attitude of women of childbearing age is good then the behaviour of IVA examination is also good with the results of statistical tests known that the significance value p = 0.001.Conclusions: Respondents with good IVA examination behaviour have good knowledge and attitude.Keywords: attitude, behaviour, IVA examination, knowledge. Abstrak Tujuan: Mengetahui hubungan antara pengetahuan dan sikap perempuan usia subur dengan perilaku pemeriksaan IVA di Puskesmas Bitung Barat Kota Bitung.Metode: Metode penelitian berupa analitik observasional dengan rencangan potong lintang. Sampel sebesar 145 perempuan usia subur di wilayah Puskemas Bitung Barat Kota Bitung.Hasil: Dari 145 responden, kelompok tertinggi memiliki pengetahuan yang cukup dan baik. Persentase tertinggi yaitu responden yang memiliki pengetahuan cukup dengan persentase 44,14%. Sikap terhadap pemeriksaan IVA dinilai baik yaitu sebanyak 122 orang (84,14%). Jumlah responden yang tidak melakukan pemeriksaan IVA yaitu 94 orang (64,83%) lebih banyak dari responden yang tidak melakukan pemeriksaan IVA yaitu 51 orang(35,17%). Berdasarkan hasil uji statistik diketahui bahwa nilai signifikansi p= 0,000. Sikap perempuan usia subur yang baik maka perilaku pemeriksaan IVA juga baik dengan hasil uji statistik diketahui bahwa nilai signifikansi p= 0,001.Kesimpulan: Responden dangan perilaku pemeriksaan IVA yang baik memiliki pengetahuan dan sikap yang baik.Kata kunci: pengetahuan, pemeriksaan IVA, perilaku, sikap..
Dwiana Ocviyanti, Ribkhi A. Putri
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 107-110; doi:10.32771/inajog.v9i2.1269

Objectives: Diagnosis of brainstem death and the vital organ function support in the pregnant woman to prolong gestation to attain fetal viability is still controversial. The decision is influenced by ethical and legal issue in the country. Another consideration is the hospital cost and health insurance coverage. This article purpose is to report a case and discuss the biopsychosocial aspect of this issue, so the doctors know how to decide a similar case.Methods: We reported a suspected brainstem death in pregnant women and discussed the holistic approach.Case: This case is a-38-year-old women, third pregnancy, 22 weeks of gestation, referred from the secondary hospital in a comatose condition. She was diagnosed with brainstem dysfunction due to intracranial mass and cerebral oedema. She wasn't diagnosed with brainstem death due to the electrolyte imbalance that can cause this condition. We did the multidisciplinary management approach. We decided the termination of pregnancy would only be performed if the fetus reaches 28 weeks of gestational age (with survival rate on perinatology is 31%). From the husband point of view, since the attending doctors have not declared the mother to be dead, then the husband still want to keep the mother in full life support. The patient and the fetus died on the 8th day of hospitalization. The patient was fully paid for by Indonesian Health Insurance.Conclusion: Maternal brainstem dysfunction and brainstem death during pregnancy are rare. In Indonesia, ethical and legal consideration to keep both mother and fetus are appropriate with the general social, cultural, and religious values. However, we recommend managing every single case individually with an intensive multidisciplinary approach due to the possibility of the different personal value of the patient.Keywords: brainstem dysfunction, brain death, pregnancy, fetal, ethic, legal. Abstrak Tujuan: Diagnosis kematian batang otak dan dukungan fungsi organ vital pada perempuan hamil untuk melanjutkan kehamilannya sampai janin dapat hidup jika dilahirkan masih kontrovesi. Keputusan ini dipengaruhi oleh etik dan hukum di suatu negara. Pertimbangan lainnya adalah biaya perawatan rumah sakit dan cakupan asuransi kesehatan. Artikel ini bertujuan melaporkan sebuah kasus dan mendiskusikan aspek biopsikososialnya, sehingga para dokter dapat mengambil keputusan pada kasus lain yang serupa.Metode: Kami melaporkan kasus perempuan hamil dengan kecurgaan kematian batang otak dan mendiskusikan pendekatan holistiknya.Hasil: Kasus perempuan usia 38 tahun, kehamilan ketiga, 22 minggu, dirujuk dari rumah sakit sekunder dalam kondisi koma. Pasien didiagnosis dengan disfungsi batang otak akibat massa intracranial dan edema serebri. Pasien tidak didiagnosis dengan meti batang otak karena kondisi ini masih dapat dikarenakan gangguan keseimbangan elektrolit. Kami melakukan pendekatan multidisiplin. Diputuskan terminasi kehamilan akan dilakukan hanya jika janin mencapai usia kehamilan 28 minggu (dengan harapan hidup dari perinatology 31%). Dikarenakan dokter belum mengatakan pasien sudah meninggal, suami pasien menginginkan pasien dalam topangan alat. Pasien dan janinnya meninggal pada hari ke-8 perawatan. Pembiayaan pasien dengan menggunakan BPJS.Kesimpulan: Disfungsi batang otak dan kematian batang otak selama kehamilan adalah kasus yang jarang. Di Indonesia, etik dan hukum yang berlaku untuk menjaga kehidupan ibu dan janin sesuai dengan nilai sosial, budaya, dan agama. Namun demikian, kami merekomendasikan mlakukan tata laksana setiap kasus secara individu dengan pendekatan multidisiplin dikarenakan perbedaan nilai pribadi pasien dan keluarga.Kata kunci: disfungsi batang otak, etik, hukum, janin, mati batang otak, kehamilan.
Muara P. Lubis, Melvin N.G. Barus, M Rizki Yaznil, Edwin M. Asroel, Irwin L. Lumbanraja
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 95-101; doi:10.32771/inajog.v9i2.1493

Objective: To evaluate sexual function and quality of life features using two validated Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaires, and the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) in patients with sexually active on Placenta Accreta Spectrum (PAS) Disorder patient.Method: This research is a cross sectional analytic observational study which was conducted in Haji Adam Malik General Hospital from January 2017 - December 2019. Thirty-five study patients who have been diagnosed with PAS disorder and have been treated for at least 3 months were divided into hysterectomy and conservative groups. This study data consisted of primary data from interviews and secondary data from medical records. Independent T test is used if it is normally distributed and Mann-Whitney is used if it is not normally distributed, and it is declared significant if the P value is <0.05. Result: From 8 assessment variables in the SF-36 questionnaire by comparing the questionnaire scores of PASD patients in the hysterectomy and conservative groups by showing significant results on social function (P value 0.021). Whereas in the FSFI questionnaire, there were 6 variables to assess the sexual function of patients with pain variable showing significant results (P value 0.007).Conclusion: There were differences in quality of life (social function) and sexual function (pain) in PASD patients in the hysterectomy and conservative groups.Keywords: Female Sexual Functional Index, Placenta Accreta Spectrum, Quality of Life, Short-Form Health Survey. Abstrak Tujuan: Untuk mengevaluasi fungsi seksual dan fitur kualitas hidup dengan menggunakan dua kuesioner tervalidasi Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), dan Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) pada pasien dengan placenta accrete spectrum (PAS) disorder yang aktif secara seksual setelah tindakan operasi.Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian analitik observasional dengan metode potong lintang yang dilaksanakan di Rumah Sakit Umum Haji Adam Malik dari January 2017-December 2019. Tiga puluh lima pasien yang didiagnosis dengan plasenta akreta spectrum dan telah ditatalaksana minimal 3 bulan dibagi menjadi kelompok histerektomi and konservatif. Data penelitian ini terdiri atas data primer dari wawancara dan data sekunder dari rekam medis. Uji T independen digunakan jika berdistribusi normal dan Mann-Whitney digunakan jika tidak berdistribusi normal, serta dinyatakan signifikan jika nilai P <0.05.Hasil: Dari 8 variabel penilaian dalam kuesioner SF-36 dengan membandingkan skor kuesioner pasien PASD pada kelompok histerektomi dan konservatif dengan menunjukkan hasil yang signifikan pada fungsi sosial (nilai P = 0,021). Sedangkan dalam kuesioner FSFI terdapat 6 variabel untuk menilai fungsi seksual pasien dengan variabel nyeri yang menunjukkan hasil yang signifikan (nilai P = 0,007).Kesimpulan: Terdapat perbedaan dalam kualitas hidup (fungsi sosial) dan fungsi seksual (nyeri) pada pasien PASD di kelompok histerektomi dan konservatif. Kata Kunci: female sexual functional index, placenta accreta spectrum, quality of life, short-form health survey.
Gagah B.A. Nugraha, Prakosa J. Prasetyo, Daliman
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 111-114; doi:10.32771/inajog.v9i2.1373

Objective: This case may partly explain that anaemia can be a predisposing factor for the development of many women with preeclampsia were have a low level of haemoglobin during their pregnancy.Methods: A case reportCase: We present a case 23-year-old pregnant woman who has had moderate anaemia with severe preeclampsia at 38-week pregnant. As the evidence, there were elevated blood pressure, decreasing haemoglobin obtained by routine blood analysis, and presence of urine protein by urinalysis examination.Conclusion: In terms of anaemia as one of a predisposing factor of preeclampsia it is important to care provider, pregnant women, and families to prevent anaemia in pregnancy through routine ANC.Keywords: anaemia, pregnancy, severe preeclampsia. Abstrak Tujuan: Kasus ini sebagian dapat menjelaskan bahwa anemia dapat menjadi faktor predisposisi bagi perkembangan banyak perempuan dengan preeklamsia yang memiliki kadar hemoglobin yang rendah selama masa kehamilan mereka.Metode: Laporan kasus.Kasus : Kami melaporan kasus ibu hamil berusia 23 tahun yang mengalami anemia sedang dengan preeklamsia berat di usia 38 minggu, dibuktikan dari peningkatan tekanan darah, penurunan hemoglobin, serta protein uria pada pemeriksaan urinalisis.Kesimpulan : Berkaitan antara anemia sebagai predisposisi preekalmsia, penting bagi petugas kesehatan dan ibu hamil serta keluarga untuk mencegah anemia dalam kehamilan melalui ANC yang rutin.Kata kunci : anemia, kehamilan, preeklamsia berat.
Pribakti Budinurdjaja, Ihya R. Nizomy, Hermin Sabaruddin
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 102-106; doi:10.32771/inajog.v9i2.1462

Objective: To determine the relationship between obstetric risk factors and the incidence of postpartum urinary retention in spontaneous labour at RSUD Ulin Banjarmasin.Methods: This clinical study used an analytical observational design with a cross-sectional approach. The population of this study was patients with a diagnosis of postpartum urinary retention in spontaneous labour in the delivery ward and postpartum ward of Ulin Banjarmasin Hospital between January 2018-January 2020. The sample for this study was a part of the target population selected by purposive sampling, which fulfilled the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data were analyzed using the Chi square test and multivariate analysis using binary logistics.Results: The results showed 35 samples of patients diagnosed with postpartum urinary retention in spontaneous labour and had met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Characteristic data of the study samples found that most of the study subjects were more than 35 years old, 27 patients (77%), 21 patients (60%) of cases with primigravida parity, 26 patients (76%) with the duration of second stage labour more than equal to 1 hour. Episiotomy was performed in 30 patients (86%), 34 patients (97%) had a newborn birthweight of less than 4000 grams. There was a significant association between the risk factors for parity in primigravida (p-value 0.02), second stage labour duration in primigravida (p-value 0.01), and episiotomy (p-value 0.01), with postpartum urinary retention in spontaneous labour. In contrast, age (p-value 0.19), and birthweight (p-value 0.10) were not significantly associated with postpartum urinary retention in spontaneous labour.Conclusions: There were significant associations between obstetric risk factors (parity, duration of second stage labour, and episiotomy) with postpartum urinary retention in spontaneous labour. Whereas age and birth weight were not significantly associated with postpartum urinary retention in spontaneous labour.Keywords: obstetric risk, postpartum retention, spontaneous delivery. Abstrak Tujuan: Mengetahui hubungan faktor risiko obstetrik dengan kejadian retensio urin postpartum pada persalinan spontan di RSUD Ulin Banjarmasin.Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian klinis dengan rancangan observasional analitik dengan pendekatan potong lintang. Populasi dari penelitian ini adalah ibu postpartum yang didiagnosis dengan retensio urin postpartum pada persalinan spontan di kamar bersalin dan di ruangan nifas RSUD Ulin Banjarmasin periode Januari 2018-Agustus 2020. Data dianalisis bivariat menggunakan uji Chi square dan analisis multivariate dengan menggunakan binary logistik.Hasil: Didapati 35 sampel yang didiagnosis retensio urin postpartum pada persalinan spontan dan memenuhi kriteria inkulusi dan eksklusi. Data karakteristik sampel penelitian ditemukan usia terbanyak subyek penelitian berusia lebih dari 35 tahun sebanyak 27 pasien (77,14%), kasus dengan paritas primigravida sebanyak 21 pasien (60%), lama kala dua primigravida lebih dari sama dengan 1 jam sebanyak 26 pasien (76%). Tindakan episiotomi sebanyak 30 pasien (86%), berat bayi lahir terbanyak pada berat kurang dari 4.000 gram yaitu sebnyak 34 pasien (97%). Terdapat hubungan yang bermakna pada faktor risiko paritas pada primigravida dengan p value 0,02, lama kala dua dengan p value 0,01, dan tindakan episotomi dengan p value 0.01 dengan kejadian retensio urin postpartum sedangkan didapatkan hasil yang tidak bermakna pada risiko obstetrik usia dengan p value 0.19 dan berat bayi lahir dengan p value 0.10 pada kejadian retensio urin postpartum.Kesimpulan: Terdapat hubungan signifikan antara faktor risiko obstetrik (paritas, lama kala dua dan tindakan episotomi) dengan retensio urin postpartum persalinan spontan. Sedangkan umur dan berat badan lahir tidak berhubungan dengan retensio urin postpartum pada persalinan spontanKata kunci: persalinan spontan, risiko obstetrik, retensio postpartum.
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