Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

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ISSN / EISSN : 23386401 / 23387335
Total articles ≅ 303
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Renny Aditya, Samuel Tobing, Mitfahul Jannah
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 267-270; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i4.978

Abstract:Objective: to investigate the relationship between education level and occupation of pregnant women with MCH handbook utilization at the Pekauman Public Health Center of Banjarmasin in July–August 2018. Methods: the method that was used is analytical observational research with cross-sectional design. The number of research sample is 50 people with systematic random sampling techniques, and data were analyzed by chi-square statistical tests. Results: the majority of respondents were34 pregnant women (68%) with low education level, and36 pregnant women (72%) were unemployed. There were 36 pregnant women (72%) with ineffective MCH handbook utilization. The statistical result between education level of pregnant women with MCH handbook utilization is p-value = 0.005 (p < 0.05) and between occupation of pregnant woman with MCHhandbook utilization is p-value = 0.001 (p
Rizkar A. Sukarsa, Radiastomo S. Budi, Benny H. Purwara, Hanom H. Syam
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 271-276; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i4.998

Abstract:Objective: To compare vitamin D level in non-pregnantreproductive age women and first-trimester pregnant women. Methods: This was acomparative cross-sectional study. The vitamin D serum level of two groups, the first one wasnon-pregnantreproductive age women (18-35 years), and the second one was first-trimester pregnant women,was collected. Samples were examined by Electro Chemiluminescence Immunoassay (ECLIA) method. The study was conducted in Dr. Hasan Sadikin Hospital in February-April 2018. Results: The mean of vitamin D level in the non-pregnantreproductive age women group was 18.73 (6.93) ng/mL, while the first-trimester pregnant women group was 13.87 (4.04) ng/mL. The difference in mean of vitamin D level in both groups was significant with p-value
Moh. Andalas, Ilham Kosman
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 251-254; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i4.1052

Abstract:Objective: To determine the relationship of maternal delivery and the factors that influence in Aceh Besar regency of Aceh Province. Method: We used a cross-sectional study design. Data were collected in all Community Health Centres in each sub-district in Aceh Besar regency of Aceh province. The total sample size of this study was 80 patient data, with details of 40 maternity patients in health facilities and 40 patients who were delivered to non-health facilities. Data were taken on factors that influence the choice of place of delivery, i.e. travel time from home to health facilities, age, parity, antenatal care, education, and income. Results: The result of chi-square test showed significant relation time (p = 0,000), Education (p = 0,011), parity (p = 0,000), antenatal care (p = 0,025), age (p = 0,003), revenue (p = 0.022) with maternity delivery in Aceh Besar regency. From the result of multivariate analysis found that travel time is the most influential factor in choosing the birth place with (OR = 51,976). Conclusion: The result of multivariate analysis showed that travel time was the most influential factor in choosing the delivery place with 51,976 times. Keywords: health facilities, maternal mortality rate, safe delivery Abstrak Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui hubungan tempat persalinan ibu dan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi di Kabupaten Aceh Besar Provinsi Aceh. Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan desain potong lintang. Data diambil di seluruh Puskesmas di setiap kecamatan di Kabupaten Aceh Besar Provinsi Aceh. Jumlah total sampel penelitian ini adalah 80 data pasien, dengan rincian 40 pasien yang bersalin di fasilitas kesehatan dan 40 pasien yang bersalin di non fasilitas kesehatan. Data yang diambil mengenai informasi faktor yang mempengaruhi pilihan tempat persalinan, yaitu waktu tempuh dari rumah ke fasilitas kesehatan, usia, paritas, ANC, pendidikan, dan pendapatan. Hasil: Hasil uji chi-square menunjukkan terdapat hubungan secara signifikan waktu tempuh (p=0,000), pendidikan (p=0,011), paritas (p=0,000), ANC (p=0,025), usia (p=0,003), pendapatan (p=0,022) dengan pemilihan tempat persalinan ibu di Kabupaten Aceh Besar. Dari hasil analisis multivariate didapatkan waktu tempuh adalah faktor yang paling berpengaruh dalam memilih tempat persalinan dengan (OR=51,976). Kesimpulan: Berdasarkan hasil analisis regresi logistik, kelompok yang waktu tempuh nya dari rumah ke fasilitas kesehatan < 30 menit 51,976 kali lebih besar kemungkinan memilih tempat persalinan di fasilitas kesehatan. Kata kunci: angka kematian ibu, fasilitas kesehatan, persalinan aman
Laila Nuranna, Nessyah Fatahan, Alfu Laily
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 313-317; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i4.1141

Abstract:Objective: Elaborating the results and comparison of cryotherapy and cold coagulation for cervical pre-cancer lesion cases in West Cakung Primary Health Center, Jakarta, Indonesia. Methods: Observation were conducted from cervical pre-cancer lesion cases which was found by visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) method. Those cases were directed into cryotherapy or cold coagulation based on randomization sampling. After 6-months post therapy, the lesions were assessed. This study was administered on Cakung Barat Health Center, Jakarta, Indonesia on April-December 2018. Of 10 cases, 5 were treated using cryotherapy and the rest with cold coagulation. Result: After 6 months follow up, 1 of 5 patients from each therapies still has VIA positive result. The side effect in form of spotting after 1 month of cryotherapy and cold coagulation were 1/5 and 3/5, respectively. There were no other side effects reported during the 6-months follow up for both treatments. Conclusion: The result of both treatments are relatively same in converting VIA positive into negative, proved with each therapies have turned 4 for 5 patients with prior VIA positive into negative. The side effects endured by respondents were minimal in 1 month post therapy, while there were no significant side effects after 6 months post therapy. Kata Kunci : cervix, cold coagulation, cryotherapy, pre cancer lesion.
Rahajuningsih Dharma, Mercy T. Panjaitan, Kanadi Sumapradja, Rianto Setiabudy
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 283-287; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i4.1065

Abstract:Objective: To obtain the profile of D-dimer in uncomplicated pregnancy. Methods: A cross sectional study was done on 90 uncomplicated pregnant women consisted of 30 women in each trimester and 30 healthy, nonpregnant women as control group from July to August 2012. D-dimer level was measured by particle enhanced immunoturbidimetry method using Innovance D-dimer and Sysmex CA 1500 in the Department of Clinical Pathology, Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta. Results: All women in the control group showed normal D-dimer level (
Eko Subaktiansyah
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 327-330; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i4.1209

Junita Indarti, Darrell Fernando, Finish Fernando, Ribkhi A. Putri, Anggara Mahardika, Muhammad Ikhsan
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 244-250; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i4.1158

Abstract:Objective: This research aim is to report the incidence of positive HPV high risk in negative cytology result. Method: We collected 83 women underwent liquid-based cytology (LBC) and HPV DNA examination at the same time. We were using DiagCor GenoFlow Human Papillomavirus Array Test (GenoFlow), a novel HPV test based on PCR and "Flow-through" hybridization that can identify 33 HPV subtypes: 18 types of High risk HPV such as 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 53, 56, 58, 59, 66, 68, 73, 81 and 82 Result: We grouped the subjects based on age below or equal to 30 years old (n=6) and above 30 years old (n=77). We found a significant difference in HPV DNA result within this group (P = 0.034), with 19.3% had HPV DNA type 16 and 18 in a group of age above 30 years old. Our study showed that 27 women (32.5%) underwent screening for cervical cancer having negative LBC result but showed positive HPV DNA positive. Conclusion: We found a significant difference in HPV DNA test result among women above 30 years old. Co-testing of Pap and HPV DNA is needed, especially if HPV DNA type 16 and 18 were found among negative Pap results. Keywords: Cervical cancer, HPV DNA, incidence, LBC, screening Abstrak Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan melaporkan insidensi dari HPV risiko tinggi yang positif pada hasil sitologi negatif. Metode: Kami mengumpulkan 83 wanita yang menjalani liquid based cytology (LBV) dan pemeriksaan HPV DNA pada waktu yang bersamaan. Dengan menggunakan DiagCor GenoFlow Human Papilloma Virus Array Test (GenoFlow), yaitu sebuah uji HPV terbaru yang berbasis PCR dan “Flow-throug” hybridization dapat mengidentifikasi 33 subtipe HPV: 18 tipe HPV risiko tinggi seperti 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 53, 56, 58, 59, 66, 68, 73, 81 dan 82. Hasil: Kami mengelompokkan subjek berdasarkan usia dibawah atau setara 30 tahun dan diatas 30 tahun (n=77). Kami menemukan perbedaansignifikan dari hasil HPV DNA dalam kelompok ini (P=0.034), dengan 19.3% memiliki HPV DNA tipe 16 dan 18 dalam kelompok usia diatas 30 tahun. Penelitian ini menunjukkan 27 perempuan (32.5%) menjalani skrining kanker serviks memiliki hasil LBC yang negatif namun menunjukkan HPV DNA positif. Kesimpulan: Terdapat perbedaan signifikan dari uji HPV DNA pada wanita usia diatas 30 tahun. Pemeriksaan bersamaan antara Pap dan HPV DNA dibutuhkan terutama ketika HPV DNA tipe 16 dan 18 ditemuka pada hasil Pap negatif. Kata kunci: HPV DNA, insidensi, kanker serviks, LBC, skrining
Suskhan Djusad, Abraham A.L. Maukar, Surahman Hakim, Tyas Priyatini, Budi I. Santoso, Leonardo Leonardo
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 303-306; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i4.677

Abstract:S Objective: To find out whether urinary bladder catheterization after total vaginal hysterectomy is more advantageous.Methods: Forty-six subjects were included. Subjects were divided into two groups. In one group (n = 24), a transurethral catheter was removed after six hours post-surgery. In the other group (n = 24), the catheter was removed after twenty-four hours. A few hours after removal of the catheter, patients were asked to urinate. Then residual volumes were measured by measuring cylinder, using 12F catheter. Pain was measured using visual analogue scale (VAS) score. Patients’ length of stay was also compared. Data were analyzed using Student T-test if distributed normally or Mann-Whitney Rank if data was abnormal.Results: Mean age for each group was 63,21 ± 8,73 and 62,38 ± 7,52 (6 hours, 24 hours respectively). Median score for 6 hours group was 50,00 (range 5 - 80) and for 24 hours was 100 (range 30 - 250) (P = 0,000). Pain perception and hospital stay were not statistically different in both group (P = 0,134 and P = 0,377)Conclusion:In this study, difference in postoperative catheterization time is associated with residual volume. Keywords: bladder catheterization, postoperative catheterization, residual volume, total vaginal hysterectomy. Abstrak Tujuan: Untuk membandingkan lama waktu pemasangan kateter paskaoperasi total vaginal histerektomi yang lebih menguntungkan.Metode: Empat puluh enam pasien ikut serta dalam penelitian. Secara acak dibagi menjadi 2 kelompok. Pada grup I (n = 24), pelepasan kateter dilakukan setelah enam jam pascaoperasi. Pada grup II (n = 24), kateter dilepas setelah dua puluh empat jam. Beberapa jam setelah pelepasan kateter, pasien diminta untuk buang air kecil. Lalu residu urin diukur setelahnya menggunakan gelas ukur, memakai kateter no. 12 F. Skor nyeri menggunakan skor Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). Lama rawat inap juga dibandingkan. Analisis data menggunakan student's T-test. Jika terdistribusi tidak normal, analisis memakai Mann-Whitney Rank.Hasil: Rerata usia untuk tiap grup adalah 63,21 ± 8,73 dan 62,38 ± 7,52 (6 jam, 24 jam, secara berurutan). Skor median untuk grup 6 jam adalah 50,00 (range 5 – 80) dan grup 24 jam adalah 100 (range 30 – 250) (P = 0,000). Tidak ada perbedaan signifikan secara statistic pada rasa skor nyeri dan lama rawat inap (P = 0,134 dan P = 0,377).Kesimpulan: Pada penelitian ini, perbedaan waktu pemasangan kateter pascaoperasi memiliki hubungan dengan volume sisa urine.Kata kunci: kateterisasi urine, kateterisasi pascaoperasi, volume sisa urine, total vaginal histerektomi.
Siti R. Nanin, Ansyori Hatta, Alibasyah A. Chakra, Ghanie Abla, Legiran Legiran
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 255-261; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i4.1053

Abstract:Objective: to analyze the relationship between PE and the newborn hearing loss Method : Analytic observation research withcross sectionaldesign performed inRSMHPalembangsince December 2016 to July 2017, obtained 48 aterm neonates born from mother diagnosed with PE (11 PE and 37 severe PE). Measurements of neonatal hearing loss then performed using emission otoacoustics (OAE) in both ears by ENT division with catagories intepretation of pass and refer. The mothers were physically check and interviewed to obtain demographic data and obstetric history. After the data normality were proved byShapiro Wilktest, we performed bivariate analysis using X2test on demographic and obstetric characteristics of the mother, neonatal demographic characteristics, and determine the relationship of PE with OAE result. The ratio of systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure to neonatal hearing loss was determined by independent T test and ROC test. Multivariate analysis was performed to determine the maternal and neonatal risk factors that influenced neonatal hearing loss. Data analysis using SPSS version 18.0. Results : There were no significant differences in maternal and neonatal demographic characteristics in neonatal hearing loss (p> 0.05). No significant relationship was found between PE and OAE of both ear (right, p = 0,437; left, p = 0,368). There was difference of mean of SBP and DBP of mother inneonate OAE of both ears (p 106 mmHg) of the mother and birth weight of the fetus (< 2500 g) with referOAE. Conclusion: There was a significant association between neonatal hearing loss and maternal PE, determined primarily by maternal DBP, and neonatal birth weight. Keywords: maternal blood pressure, OAE,preeclampsia, Abstrak Tujuan: untuk menilai hubungan PE ibu dengan penurunan pendengarah bayyi baru lahir Metode: Penelitian observasi analitik dengan disain cross sectionaldilakukan di RSMH Palembang sejak Desember 2016 sampai Juli 2017, diperoleh 48 neonatus aterm lahir dari ibu PE (11 PER dan 37 PEB). Neonatus dilakukan pengukuran pendengaran menggunakan otoakustik emisi (OAE) pada kedua telinga oleh divisi THT dengan kategori intepretasi refer dan pass. Ibu dilakukan pemeriksaan dan wawancara untuk memperoleh data demografi dan riwayat obstetri. Setelah normalitas data dibuktikan dengan tes Saphiro Wilk, dilakukan analisis bivariat menggunakan tes X2 pada karakteristik demografi dan obstetri Ibu, karakteristik demografi neonatus, dan menentukan hubungan preeklampsia dengan hasil OAE. Perbandingan tekanan darah sistolik (TDS) dan diastolik (TDD) terhadap penurunan pendengaran neonatus ditentukan dengan independent T test dan uji ROC. Analisis multivariat dilakukan untuk menentukan faktor risiko Ibu maupun neonatus yang berpengaruh terhadap penurunan pendengaran neonatus. Analisa data menggunakan SPSS versi 18.0. Hasil: Tidak ditemukan perbedaan signifikan karakteristik demografi Ibu maupun neonatus tehadap penurunan pendengaran neonatus (p>0,05)....