Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

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ISSN / EISSN : 23386401 / 23387335
Total articles ≅ 303
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Kanadi Sumapradja, Fitriana M. Nuryadi
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 277-282; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i4.1038

Abstract:Objective: To determine the survival of pain complaints at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months and the correlation between age at diagnosis, age of menarche, parity, stage of disease and post-operative medication in endometriosis patient at RSUPN Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo. Methods: This was a prospective cohort study with survival analysis method of 139 women of productive age with endometriosis who came to Gynecology Outpatient Clinic in Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital from January 2015 to January 2017. The patients were observed at 3 months, 6 months, 9 months and 12 months after the surgery. Results: Survival of pain complaints at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months after endometriosis operation was 99.2%, 96.6%, 93% and 88.4% respectively. There was no significant correlation between post-operative pain survival and age of diagnosis (p=0.138), age of menarche (p=0.492), parity (p=0.110) and stage of disease (p=0.908). There was a significant correlation between post-operative medical therapy and pain complaints survival. Subjects who were given medication had a risk of 0.26 times (CI 95% 0.081-0.857) pain recurrence compared to those who were not. Conclusion: Pain complaints survival were significantly associated with post-operative medical therapy, but not associated with age, age of menarche, parity and stage of disease. Keywords: endometriosis, postoperative medical therapy, postoperative pain, survival Abstrak Tujuan: Mengetahui kesintasan keluhan nyeri pada 3, 6, 9 dan 12 bulan dan hubungan antara usia saat diagnosis, usia menarke, paritas, stadium penyakit dan terapi medisinalis pasca pembedahan pada pasien endometriosis di RSUPN Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo. Metode: Penelitian kohort prospektif pada 139 wanita usia produktif dengan metode analisis kesintasan pada pasien endometriosis yang datang ke Poliklinik Ginekologi RSUPN Cipto Mangunkusumo pada bulan Januari 2015 hingga Januari 2017. Pasien kemudian diobservasi pada bulan ke 3, 6, 9 dan 12 setelah operasi. Hasil : Kesintasan keluhan nyeri pada bulan ke 3, 6, 9 dan 12 berturut-turut adalah 99,2%, 96,6%, 93% dan 88,4%. Tidak ada hubungan yang bermakna antara kesintasan nyeri pasca pembedahan dengan usia saat diagnosis (p=0,138), usia saat menarke (p=0,492), paritas (p=0,110) dan stadium penyakit (p=0,908). Terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara terapi medisinalis pasca pembedahan dan kesintasan keluhan nyeri. Subyek yang mendapatkan terapi medisinalis pasca pembedahan memiliki risiko 0,26 kali mengalami kekambuhan nyeri dibandingkan dengan yang tidak. Kesimpulan : Kesintasan keluhan nyeri memilki hubungan yang bermakna dengan terapi medisinalis pasca pembedahan namun tidak memiliki hubungan dengan usia saat diagnosis, usia menarke, paritas dan stadium penyakit. Kata kunci: endometriosis, kesintasan, nyeri pasca pembedahan, terapi medisinalis pasca pembedahan
Frans Yauwena, David Lotisna, Deviana S. Riu, Isharyah Sunarno, Nugraha U. Pellupessy
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 288-291; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i4.1092

Abstract:Objective: To see the relation between 45 and 60 degrees mediolateral episiotomy to extended laceration incidence and post labor pain in primigravida.Method: The research used simple randomization design which was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Teaching Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Hasanuddin from April 2018 to September 2018. There were 80 samples for the 45 degrees mediolateral episiotomy group and 80 samples for the 60 degrees group.Result: After the Chi-Square correlation test has been carried out, the research result indicates that there is higher incidence in 60 degrees mediolateral episiotomy group in extended perineal laceration (p=0.002), and Fisher Exact test shows that post labor pain (p=0.000) higher in the same group compared to the 45 degrees group.Conclusion: Mediolateral episiotomy 45 degrees has lower extended perineal laceration and post labor pain compared to the 60 degrees group.Key Words: episiotomy, mediolateral 45, mediolateral 60, perineal laceration, postlabor pain, primigravida Abstrak Tujuan: mengetahui hubungan episiotomi mediolateral 45 dan 60 derajat terhadap kejadian perluasan cedera dan nyeri pasca salin pada primigravida.Metode: simple randomization. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Rumah Sakit Pendidikan Departemen Obstetri dan Ginekologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Hasanuddin periode April 2018–September 2018. Total sampel yang diperoleh adalah 80 untuk kelompok 45 derajat dan 80 sampel untuk kelompok 60 derajat.Hasil: setelah dilakukan uji hubungan dengan Chi Square terdapat hubungan yang signifikan pada episiotomi 60 derajat dengan kejadian perluasan cedera (p=0.002) dan uji Fisher menyatakan hubungan bermakna nyeri pasca salin pada kelompok yang sama (p=0,000) dibandingkan episiotomi 45 derajat. Episiotomi mediolateral 45 derajat memiliki luaran lebih sedikit menyebabkan kejadian perluasan cedera dan nyeri pasca salin dibandingkan episiotomi 60 derajat.Kata kunci: episiotomi, mediolateral 45, mediolateral 60, ruptur perineum, nyeri pasca salin, primigravida
Elizabet C. Jusuf, Witono Gunawan, Nurbani Bangsawan
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 262-266; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i4.976

Abstract:Objectives : To identify maternal death risk factors in Wahidin Sudirohusodo Hospitals and its affiliates between 01 January - 31 December 2017 Methods: This study is an observational case control study that includes all cases of maternal death and considerable numbers of pregnancy without complications that occured in Wahidin Sudirohusodo Hospital and its affiliates between 01 January 2016 and 31 December 2017. Data were then be analysed using chi square and logistic regression test to know the correlations between risk factors and maternal death. Results :There are 28 cases of maternal death in Wahidin Sudirohusodo Hospital and its affiliates which mostly occured at age 20-35 years old (60.7%) and antenatal care in in primary health care (71,4%). Hypertension (39,3%) and hemorrhage (35,7%) were the most frequent complicaitons of maternal death. Age under 20 years old and older than 35 years old (odds ratio 3.882; 95% CI, 1.056-14.276; P 0.05). Conclusions: Hypertension and hemorrhage were the most frequent causes of maternal death. Age under 20 years old and older than 35 years old as well as education level less than 9 yearsincreased the risk of maternal deaths independently. Parity, frequency of antenatal care, and location of antenatal care did not show any significant role in maternal death occurence. Keywords : Maternal death, risk factors, hypertension, hemorrhage, age Abstrak Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor risiko kematian maternal di Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat Wahidin Sudirohusodo dan jejaringnya dalam periode 01 Januari – 31 Desember 2016. Metode : Penelitian ini penelitian studi observasional case control dengan mengambil seluruh data kematian maternal yang terjadi di Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat Wahidin Sudirohusodo dan jejaringnya dalam periode 01 Januari – 31 Desember 2016. Data dianalisis dengan Uji chi square dan regresi logistik untuk melihat faktor risiko yang diteliti dengan terjadinya kematian maternal. Hasil : Ada 28 kasus kematian maternal di Rumah Sakit Umum Wahidin Sudirohusodo dan jejarignya yang sebagian besar terjadi pada kelompok umur 20-35 tahun (60,7%) dan lokasi asuhan antenatal di Puskesmas (71,4%). Komplikasi kehamilan terbanyak ialah hipertensi (39,3%) dan perdarahan (35,7%). Kelompok umur kurang dari 20 tahun dan lebih dari 35 tahun (odds ratio 3.882; 95% CI, 1.056-14.276; P 0.05). Kesimpulan : Hipertensi dan perdarahan merupakan penyebab utama terjadinya kematian maternal. Kelompok umur kurang dari 20 dan lebih dari 35 tahun serta tingkat pendidikan < 9 tahun secara independen berisiko meningkatkan jumlah kematian maternal. Paritas, frekuensi asuhan antenatal, dan lokasi asuhan antenatal tidak memiliki peran signifikan dalam terjadinya kematian maternal. Kata kunci : Kematian maternal, faktor risiko, hipertensi, perdarahan, umur
Niken L. Poerbonegoro
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 318-326; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i4.977

Abstract:Background: Pregnancy rhinitis occurs approximately in one-fifth of pregnancies, at almost any gestational week. The incidence rate of pregnancy rhinitis reaches up to 40%, with prevalence as high as 17%. Pathomechanism is still unclear, but it is suspected that estrogen and placental growth hormone (PGH) play roles in the development of disease. Objective: To elaborate the pathomechanism of pregnancy rhinitis and the proper management of rhinitis symptoms, particularly nasal obstruction. Methods: Literature review. Conclusion: Pregnancy rhinitis, manifested as nasal congestion, is considered a phenomenon and may become a serious condition. Persistent nasal congestion acts as a potential risk factor in affecting fetal growth and development through gradual hypoxia process. This condition can lead to various complications such as maternal hypertension, preeclampsia, impaired fetal growth, and low APGAR scores. Indepth knowledge of pathomechanism is essential as guidance to accurate treatment including conservative and pharmaca therapies, which will lead to optimal outcome for both mother and baby.
Suskhan Djusad, Abraham A.L. Maukar, Surahman Hakim, Tyas Priyatini, Budi I. Santoso, Leonardo Leonardo
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 303-306; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i4.677

Abstract:S Objective: To find out whether urinary bladder catheterization after total vaginal hysterectomy is more advantageous.Methods: Forty-six subjects were included. Subjects were divided into two groups. In one group (n = 24), a transurethral catheter was removed after six hours post-surgery. In the other group (n = 24), the catheter was removed after twenty-four hours. A few hours after removal of the catheter, patients were asked to urinate. Then residual volumes were measured by measuring cylinder, using 12F catheter. Pain was measured using visual analogue scale (VAS) score. Patients’ length of stay was also compared. Data were analyzed using Student T-test if distributed normally or Mann-Whitney Rank if data was abnormal.Results: Mean age for each group was 63,21 ± 8,73 and 62,38 ± 7,52 (6 hours, 24 hours respectively). Median score for 6 hours group was 50,00 (range 5 - 80) and for 24 hours was 100 (range 30 - 250) (P = 0,000). Pain perception and hospital stay were not statistically different in both group (P = 0,134 and P = 0,377)Conclusion:In this study, difference in postoperative catheterization time is associated with residual volume. Keywords: bladder catheterization, postoperative catheterization, residual volume, total vaginal hysterectomy. Abstrak Tujuan: Untuk membandingkan lama waktu pemasangan kateter paskaoperasi total vaginal histerektomi yang lebih menguntungkan.Metode: Empat puluh enam pasien ikut serta dalam penelitian. Secara acak dibagi menjadi 2 kelompok. Pada grup I (n = 24), pelepasan kateter dilakukan setelah enam jam pascaoperasi. Pada grup II (n = 24), kateter dilepas setelah dua puluh empat jam. Beberapa jam setelah pelepasan kateter, pasien diminta untuk buang air kecil. Lalu residu urin diukur setelahnya menggunakan gelas ukur, memakai kateter no. 12 F. Skor nyeri menggunakan skor Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). Lama rawat inap juga dibandingkan. Analisis data menggunakan student's T-test. Jika terdistribusi tidak normal, analisis memakai Mann-Whitney Rank.Hasil: Rerata usia untuk tiap grup adalah 63,21 ± 8,73 dan 62,38 ± 7,52 (6 jam, 24 jam, secara berurutan). Skor median untuk grup 6 jam adalah 50,00 (range 5 – 80) dan grup 24 jam adalah 100 (range 30 – 250) (P = 0,000). Tidak ada perbedaan signifikan secara statistic pada rasa skor nyeri dan lama rawat inap (P = 0,134 dan P = 0,377).Kesimpulan: Pada penelitian ini, perbedaan waktu pemasangan kateter pascaoperasi memiliki hubungan dengan volume sisa urine.Kata kunci: kateterisasi urine, kateterisasi pascaoperasi, volume sisa urine, total vaginal histerektomi.
Siti R. Nanin, Ansyori Hatta, Alibasyah A. Chakra, Ghanie Abla, Legiran Legiran
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 255-261; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i4.1053

Abstract:Objective: to analyze the relationship between PE and the newborn hearing loss Method : Analytic observation research withcross sectionaldesign performed inRSMHPalembangsince December 2016 to July 2017, obtained 48 aterm neonates born from mother diagnosed with PE (11 PE and 37 severe PE). Measurements of neonatal hearing loss then performed using emission otoacoustics (OAE) in both ears by ENT division with catagories intepretation of pass and refer. The mothers were physically check and interviewed to obtain demographic data and obstetric history. After the data normality were proved byShapiro Wilktest, we performed bivariate analysis using X2test on demographic and obstetric characteristics of the mother, neonatal demographic characteristics, and determine the relationship of PE with OAE result. The ratio of systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure to neonatal hearing loss was determined by independent T test and ROC test. Multivariate analysis was performed to determine the maternal and neonatal risk factors that influenced neonatal hearing loss. Data analysis using SPSS version 18.0. Results : There were no significant differences in maternal and neonatal demographic characteristics in neonatal hearing loss (p> 0.05). No significant relationship was found between PE and OAE of both ear (right, p = 0,437; left, p = 0,368). There was difference of mean of SBP and DBP of mother inneonate OAE of both ears (p 106 mmHg) of the mother and birth weight of the fetus (< 2500 g) with referOAE. Conclusion: There was a significant association between neonatal hearing loss and maternal PE, determined primarily by maternal DBP, and neonatal birth weight. Keywords: maternal blood pressure, OAE,preeclampsia, Abstrak Tujuan: untuk menilai hubungan PE ibu dengan penurunan pendengarah bayyi baru lahir Metode: Penelitian observasi analitik dengan disain cross sectionaldilakukan di RSMH Palembang sejak Desember 2016 sampai Juli 2017, diperoleh 48 neonatus aterm lahir dari ibu PE (11 PER dan 37 PEB). Neonatus dilakukan pengukuran pendengaran menggunakan otoakustik emisi (OAE) pada kedua telinga oleh divisi THT dengan kategori intepretasi refer dan pass. Ibu dilakukan pemeriksaan dan wawancara untuk memperoleh data demografi dan riwayat obstetri. Setelah normalitas data dibuktikan dengan tes Saphiro Wilk, dilakukan analisis bivariat menggunakan tes X2 pada karakteristik demografi dan obstetri Ibu, karakteristik demografi neonatus, dan menentukan hubungan preeklampsia dengan hasil OAE. Perbandingan tekanan darah sistolik (TDS) dan diastolik (TDD) terhadap penurunan pendengaran neonatus ditentukan dengan independent T test dan uji ROC. Analisis multivariat dilakukan untuk menentukan faktor risiko Ibu maupun neonatus yang berpengaruh terhadap penurunan pendengaran neonatus. Analisa data menggunakan SPSS versi 18.0. Hasil: Tidak ditemukan perbedaan signifikan karakteristik demografi Ibu maupun neonatus tehadap penurunan pendengaran neonatus (p>0,05)....
Amiruddin Amiruddin, Sriyana Herman, Hermanto T. Joewono, Asrul Sani, Junaid Junaid, Ali Imran, Jafriati Jafriati
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 296-302; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i4.972

Abstract:Objective:To determine the changesin point of view and positive attitudes towards adolescent reproductive health in junior and senior high school students in Southeast Sulawesi after counseling interventions. Methods: Experimental Research with The One Group Pretest-Posttest Design. The population in the study were all adolescents aged between 12-19 years as students in Southeast Sulawesi. The sampling was performed by Simple stratified random sampling technique with a sample of 300 people for middle and high school students. The instrument used was a questionnaire with data analysis by using the t-test. Results:Showed that the level of knowledge and attitudes of students about adolescent reproductive health was differed between pretest & posttest in junior and senior high school students (ρ
Gladys Susanty, Eddy Tiro, Fatmawaty Madya, Isharyah Sunarno, Mardiah Tahir, Telly Tessy
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 292-295; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i4.1083

Abstract:Objective: To find out the role of informatic video in obtaining consent for post placental insertion of Intrauterine Device (IUD) Methods: This was a prospective randomized controlled trial. The informatic video was given to the study group compared by the level of acceptance of the respondents in the control group that was given conventional methods. This research was carried out in Pertiwi, Fatimah, and Khadijah I Mother and Child Hospital Makassar. The data were analyzed by chi-square test with significant level p
Rajuddin Rajuddin, Lutfi N. Nugroho, Hasanuddin Hasanuddin
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 307-312; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i4.997

Abstract:Objective: to determine the effect of oral Misoprostol after Radical Hysterectomy in the early stage Cervical Cancer to reduce the incidence of urinary retention.Methods: The study was conducted with a prospective cohort method, randomized control trial and double blind to the patients with early stage cervical cancer who performed Radical Hysterectomy in Dr. Zainoel Abidin hospital, Banda Aceh. There are 34 research subjects who had agreed to participate in the study. The research subject divided into 2 groups. The first group who received Misoprostol orally as the intervention group and the other group that received placebo as the control group.Results: The incidence of urinary retention after Radical Hysterectomy in Dr. Zainoel Abidin hospital, Banda Aceh, decreased significantly in the intervention group compared to the control group (P 0,049). In the intervention group Misoprostol reduce residual urine. Ability to void spontaneously and urine volume were increase. The duration of catheterization and length of hospital stay for the patients were shorter.Conclusion: Administration of Misoprostol orally reduce the incidence of urinary retention after Radical Hysterectomy. Oral Misoprostol can be recommended as an additional procedure to reduce urinary retention.Keywords: cervical cancer, misoprostol , radical hysterectomy, urinary retention. Abstrak Tujuan: untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian Misoprostol per oral pasca operasi Histerektomi Radikal pada pasien Karsinoma Serviks stadium awal terhadap insidensi retensio urin.Metode: Penelitian dilakukan dengan metode kohort prospektif, randomized control trial dan double blind, pada pasien karsinoma serviks stadium awal yang dilakukan Histerektomi Radikal di RS dr. Zainoel Abidin, Banda Aceh. Terdapat 34 pasien yang telah menyetujui mengikuti penelitian, yang dibagi ke dalam 2 kelompok yaitu kelompok yang mendapat Misoprostol tablet per oral sebagai kelompok perlakuan dan kelompok yang mendapat plasebo sebagai kelompok kontrol. Residu urin pada kedua kelompok diukur dan faktor-faktor lain yang terkait dilakukan pendataan untuk dilakukan analisis. Hasil: Kejadian retensio urin pasca Histerektomi Radikal di RS dr. Zainoel Abidin, Banda Aceh, menurun secara bermakna pada kelompok perlakuan dibandingkan kelompok kontrol (P0,049). Pada kelompok perlakuan Misoprostol menurunkan residu urin.Peningkatan kemampuan berkemih spontan dan volume urin .lama pemakaian kateter transuretra dan lama perawatan menjadi lebih singkat.Kesimpulan: Pemberian Misoprostol per oral mengurangi insiden retensio urin pasca Histerektomi Radikal. Saran : Misoprostol per oral dapat direkomendasikan sebagai prosedur tambahan untuk mengurangi retensio urin.Kata kunci: karsinoma serviks, histerektomi radikal, misoprostol, retensio urin
Laila Nuranna, Nessyah Fatahan, Alfu Laily
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 313-317; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i4.1141

Abstract:Objective: Elaborating the results and comparison of cryotherapy and cold coagulation for cervical pre-cancer lesion cases in West Cakung Primary Health Center, Jakarta, Indonesia. Methods: Observation were conducted from cervical pre-cancer lesion cases which was found by visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) method. Those cases were directed into cryotherapy or cold coagulation based on randomization sampling. After 6-months post therapy, the lesions were assessed. This study was administered on Cakung Barat Health Center, Jakarta, Indonesia on April-December 2018. Of 10 cases, 5 were treated using cryotherapy and the rest with cold coagulation. Result: After 6 months follow up, 1 of 5 patients from each therapies still has VIA positive result. The side effect in form of spotting after 1 month of cryotherapy and cold coagulation were 1/5 and 3/5, respectively. There were no other side effects reported during the 6-months follow up for both treatments. Conclusion: The result of both treatments are relatively same in converting VIA positive into negative, proved with each therapies have turned 4 for 5 patients with prior VIA positive into negative. The side effects endured by respondents were minimal in 1 month post therapy, while there were no significant side effects after 6 months post therapy. Kata Kunci : cervix, cold coagulation, cryotherapy, pre cancer lesion.