Journal of Architectural Design and Urbanism
EISSN : 2620-9810
Published by: Diponegoro University (10.14710)
Total articles ≅ 30
Latest articles in this journal
Journal of Architectural Design and Urbanism, Volume 3, pp 97-106; https://doi.org/10.14710/jadu.v3i2.10915
Flats are one of the government's solution to provide decent housing for low-income people. However, as mostly flats overlook energy efficiency aspects, residents must pay high rental and operational costs. Therefore, this paper aims to study the principles of green buildings, especially in the building envelope that can bear the operating costs of flats with the case study on the A-B-C Tower of Tambora Flats. The A-B-C Tower of Tambora Flats is one of the flats building in Jakarta that has rental cost issues. This study employed the EDGE application that provided energy saving values in the application of green building principles, such as building mass and orientation, wall and roof finishing materials, natural shading and ventilation elements. From these values, it was only the application of green building principles that was significant for the Tambora flats. The results of this study revealed that the optimization of natural ventilation for flats was still important and having a significant impact on energy savings
Journal of Architectural Design and Urbanism, Volume 3, pp 84-96; https://doi.org/10.14710/jadu.v3i2.10711
The design processes and strategies applied to each architect in carrying out their design tasks are different. The stages in producing architectural work can be based on the theory of certain design methods, intuition or design experience from each architect. As an architect, it is mandatory to know the design process in accordance with existing methods. There are several variables in the design method according to Jones and Schmitt. And this study aims to find the variables most widely used by 8 architects in designing. Including the average of the variables it uses. The method used in this research is quantitative method with one way ANOVA (analysis of variant) as its statistical analysis, by examining the mean difference between the research objects. The literature study was used to obtain an analysis of the design process and the methods used by 4 well-known architects as their secondary empirical data source, while field observations in the form of direct interviews were carried out to obtain the reality of the design process for 4 local architects with various backgrounds and characteristics as well as different architectural works. The end result shows that the average level of architects in the use of research variables is not much different and the design process variables that are most often used by architects in carrying out architectural designs, are the clarity of the need for the design function, the use of the drawing system and the design results that are meaningful and logical.
Journal of Architectural Design and Urbanism, Volume 3, pp 59-71; https://doi.org/10.14710/jadu.v3i2.10501
This paper aims to determine the comfortable room condition in terms of room organization, lighting and room temperature. Due to the pandemic, many workers are forced to bring their outside home activities back home. Many of them struggle in finding one suitable and comfortable space as they do not have a dedicated space to do the work from home. A bedroom, as one of the potential rooms to maintain the balance between work and rest at home, are observed for space adjustment, especially the organisation of space, lighting and room temperature to maintain the comfort. The comfortable room condition needs to support the bedroom as a working and relaxing space. This study consists of literature review about space, lighting and temperature and observation of two study case studies. This study concludes that the room organization, lighting and room temperature affects the user physically and psychologically which results in the comfort of the user. As a worker, to increase comfort level and have good rest balance, the user needs to adjust the variables of lighting, room temperature and room organization to achieve the optimum comfort level.
Journal of Architectural Design and Urbanism, Volume 3, pp 72-83; https://doi.org/10.14710/jadu.v3i2.10687
Based on the previous research on the former of Semarang capital city, Kanjengan, there is a supposition that the area is a coastal city. As the consequence of the sedimentation process occurred by Java Island, Semarang city, and some cities in Java are no longer on the seashore. The cities that are archived in the Map of Indonesia in the 15th century and some records from foreign sailors, absolutely have several different conditions compared to the past and the present condition. How the architecture and the city’s patterns of the Old Semarang? The method of this research was conducted by exploring historical articles, toponyms, maps, and old pictures which were then compared with the remaining architecture and spatial patterns. The reading of old maps and pictures was done by using the seeing by believing approach. The analysis was performed by using the manual sketch. The architectural heritage like the former lighthouse, commercial corridors in the north of the square, and toponyms were tools to prove that the area was a seaport and a waterfront city. Old Coastal Semarang has an Architecture and urban design concept as the main gate from the sea to the city center at the time. Surrounding the main gate, they were the existence of the former lighthouse (the Menara Layur Mosque), multi-ethnics houses, toponyms indicating that some places were a former harbor, and the remaining trade corridor connecting the port and the local government center. This concept is similar to the Islamic Sultanates on the north coast of Java and the waterfront-based cities in the interior of Java. It is assumed that Semarang Old city has a similar role with the other Islamic Sultanates. This area is proper to be a city conservation area and become a part that is integrated into future urban planning.
Journal of Architectural Design and Urbanism, Volume 3, pp 49-58; https://doi.org/10.14710/jadu.v3i2.9814
The article is focused on vernacular dwellings in different parts of Europe: southern Italy and Lithuania that have their own traditions. The authors note that the attitude towards traditional vernacular architecture has largely changed due to ongoing research in this domail. Nevertheless, despite persistent continuity of traditional architecture, vernacular architecture was affected by the rise and development of modernist ideology that neglected the realm of tradition. The authors discuss some tyoes of vernacular buildings and their relation to local landscape, especially focusing on the traditional vernacular dwelling of Kuršių nerija (coastal regionbordering with Curonian spit and the Baltic Sea. This region was originally an area of fishermen villages and though some of the settlements ceasedf to exist there are a number of vernacula houses that belong to architectural heritage. The issues of dwellings, authenticity, survival and protection as well as some ambiguous issues of sustainability of traditional dwellings arer discussed. The authors conclude by suggesting that multiple assesment perspective should be employed while dealign with vernacular buildings suggesting that buildings of this type can perform functions extending the tourist consumption.
Published: 13 December 2020
Journal of Architectural Design and Urbanism, Volume 3, pp 40-48; https://doi.org/10.14710/jadu.v3i1.9393
This study aims to explore the typology of additional facilities at Tambak Lorok dock in Semarang, Indonesia. The revitalized dock is in an appropriate condition with permanent materials and additional facilities that naturally added by user. These facilities are intended as spaces to support fishing activities. This study employed a qualitative paradigm by collecting primary data in the form of interviews with related actors and physical data in the field. The results of this study revealed two categories of additional space properties, namely static and dynamic. The static additional space has a laying pattern at the edge of the dock bordering the settlement or the sea, whereas the dynamic additional space has a laying pattern at the center of the dock
Journal of Architectural Design and Urbanism, Volume 3, pp 29-39; https://doi.org/10.14710/jadu.v3i1.8886
In recent years, Urban population density spreads towards suburbs of the metropolitan city as the impact of urbanisation. In Indonesia, Commuting activity does not only occur in the centre of metropolitan city Jakarta but spreads outside to the suburbs such as in Tangerang City. Commuting activities often cause stress, and some outdoor public spaces are expected to be healing space for recreation needs amidst a busy life. The lack of integration of urban design that supports commuting activities along with leisure activities is a problem that will be raised. This paper aims to evaluate the configuration of a potential location as the third space in Tangerang City infrastructure around bus stops and train station. Methods used are qualitative methods with a rationalistic approach. The research findings postulated three paradigms in Tactical Urbanism design strategy, which are: (1) Functionally, Tactical Urbanism can form a multipurpose proximity network that functions simultaneously between mobility and relaxation activities; (2) Socially, tactical urbanism design strategy can eliminate social segregation where there are no gaps to spend leisure time around Tangerang station for commuter, community, also tourist; (3) Visually, Tactical Urbanism can encourage people to come and sit for a while and become an icon of Tangerang City with the design of public open spaces integrated with infrastructure for transportation. Based on the above findings, a framework is conceptualised as an attempt to strengthen the tactical urbanism design strategy in the suburbs area.
Published: 14 September 2020
Journal of Architectural Design and Urbanism, Volume 3, pp 10-19; https://doi.org/10.14710/jadu.v3i1.7592
The purpose of this research is to explore the concept of revitalizing the coastal tourism area with a sustainable tourism approach. Ocarina area is one of the tourist destinations in Batam city. Its strategic location is right in the center of Batam and is surrounded by several areas with different functions, among others there are housing (housing Regata, housing Monde Residence, housing Avante, Monde Signature housing, etc.), a school (Mondial school), a commercial area ( Pasir Putih shops, Mahkota Raya shops) and also the location of Ocarina area is close to the international ferry. The phenomenon that occurs in this tourist area has long been built and managed but has decreased visitors so that needs to be revitalized by using the concept of sustainable tourism. This strategic location is not accompanied by the success of the development of the Ocarina area as a public space that offers a variety of game facilities and culinary venues. The phenomenon that makes the need for revitalizing measures both physically and economically to make the Ocarina area can attract visitors to come and enjoy the facilities that are in it. The research method was a qualitative method of direct observation in the field. Analysis process is conducted to identify the problems that exist in the field today especially in the area of Ocarina Phase 1 so that the area of Ocarina Phase 2 can make Ocarina Phase 1 to be revitalized area and can be one of the sustainable tourism Batam city that can improve the economy of Batam city. Keywords: revitalization, sustainable tourism, visitor
Published: 14 September 2020
Journal of Architectural Design and Urbanism, Volume 3, pp 1-9; https://doi.org/10.14710/jadu.v3i1.7164
Based on the results of identification and analysis related to the functions of green open space in Kelurahan Kauman, both private and public green open space, it was found that private green open space located in residential areas, office areas, education area, and in the worship area. Whereas existing public green open space is in the form of active parks, passive parks, green lane along the road border, green lane along the river border and green green space on the medians road. Private green open space in residential areas has ecological, economic and aesthetic functions; Private green open space in office areas is dominated by ecological functions; while green space in the areas of education, worship, trade and services, is dominated by ecological and aesthetic functions. Whereas public Green Open Space in the form of urban park has an economic function; Green Open Space green lane in the form of road borders, island road, and road median has ecological and aesthetic function; and Green Open Space with specific function in the form of river borders has the ecological and aesthetic function.
Published: 14 September 2020
Journal of Architectural Design and Urbanism, Volume 3, pp 20-28; https://doi.org/10.14710/jadu.v3i1.8604
The article deals with the role of wooden architecture constructions in competitions that took place in the recent decade. Architecture competitions for which designs from wood were offered are discussed. The properties of such constructions and their results in the competition, as well as the subsequent phases of the existence of a design, if any, are singled out. It should be noted that wooden constructions, owing to their properties, are increasingly noticeable and are acknowledged with awards. Given that this process takes place in architecture competitions, we can predict architectural trends in the near future.