Journal of Architectural Design and Urbanism
EISSN : 26209810
Current Publisher: Diponegoro University (10.14710)
Total articles ≅ 20
Latest articles in this journal
Journal of Architectural Design and Urbanism, Volume 2, pp 24-37; doi:10.14710/jadu.v2i2.7593
The purpose of this research is to analyze the possibility of implementing Smart Urban Railway Space concept in the development of Semarang Tawang Station area which is one of the entrance gates of Semarang tourists and has a high historical value. The area of Tawang station becomes an integral part of Semarang Old Town because of its adjacent location. This attachment is one potential that can be considered to grow the activity of the area into a tourism area and a business center. Increasing number of visitors can cause overcrowding. The crowded situation of visitors caused the lack of circulation so that the need for redesigning Tawang station area. A station area (public transportation) must be able to adapt to the environment and function needs for the visitor. Smart city design is about rethinking infrastructure, buildings and facilities as well as other infrastructure integrated to form smart cities and smart urban space. Smart Urban railway space is a concept that integrates an architectural building with the surrounding open space. It is hoped that this concept can parse overcrowding and make the area of Tawang station a tourism area. Methods used are qualitative methods with a rationalistic approach. The result of this research is a recommendation of the Smart Urban Railway Space concept at Tawang station area which is expected to parse the overcrowding problem that occurred.
Journal of Architectural Design and Urbanism, Volume 2, pp 38-52; doi:10.14710/jadu.v2i2.7641
This study examined the accessibility of elderly citizens to some basic services in Akure metropolis. This was carried out with a view to determine the patterns of distribution and accessibility of these services in the city. Primary and secondary data were employed for this study. Geographical Positioning System was used to capture the coordinates of important locations and of some basic facilities such as Public Tertiary Hospital, Primary Health care centre and banks in the city. Nearest Neighbour Analysis was used to calculate the mean distance travel to some basic services from 13 major localities in Akure metropolis. Descriptive and inferential statistics were employed to analyse the data. Finding reveals that some basic facilities are not evenly distributed across different localities in Akure. The mean distance travel to Public Tertiary Hospital is 3.36kms. The pattern of distribution of Public Tertiary Hospital is dispersed rather than random. More than 60% of the elderly rely on public transport services for their trip to access some basic facilities in the city. Traffic delay was ranked highest (66%) among the problems militating against the effective utilisation of urban facilities in Akure metropolis. The study recommends that more basic facilities should be provided in localities where such services are lacking. This would reduce long distance trip to these facilities in the city. The study concludes that better transport services should be made available at reasonable transport fares in order to promote accessibility of the elderly and other segments of the population to urban facilities in Akure and similar other cities in Nigeria.
Journal of Architectural Design and Urbanism, Volume 2, pp 15-23; doi:10.14710/jadu.v2i2.7147
Bandung experienced a rapid urban development after 1918, when the city was prepared to be the new Dutch East Indies’ capital city, replacing Batavia. In the era of economic liberalization, Bandung also became one of the tourist destinations that has promoted by the businessmen. This paper is a study on how mass tourism as the new urban culture in the beginning of 20th century had a contribution to urban planning in Bandung. The timeline was after the establishment of train as a modern transportation in Bandung (1884) until the end of the Dutch Colonialism in Dutch East Indies (1942). Through the Georg Simmel's theory of sociology and the city, I tried to analyze the the tourism activity and its relations to the 20th century urban architecture in Bandung, West Java. I use the method that was introduced by Iain Borden and friends in The Unknown City to understand tourism and urban history of Bandung through the spatial practice, city representation and experiences.
Journal of Architectural Design and Urbanism, Volume 2, pp 53-66; doi:10.14710/jadu.v2i2.7577
In the process of architectural design, there is no special method employed by architects to evaluate buildings’ structural vulnerability and building geometry form designs towards earthquakes. Therefore, the alternative is adapting the existing method called SVA-Retrofit. JBDPA and Matsutaro Seki developed this method, and then the author adapted this method now called SVA Architectural Design. In the process of adaptation, deep literature review was conducted in order to acquire the adaptation results of the SVA-Architectural Design. These results can furthermore be an early prediction of structural vulnerability toward earthquakes that eventually leads to finding solutions for building designs or conducting detailed analysis done by structure experts.
Journal of Architectural Design and Urbanism, Volume 2, pp 1-14; doi:10.14710/jadu.v2i2.7001
Based on observations and the results of the analysis, it was shown that Taman Indonesia Kaya already fulfilled the quality park standards. In the aspect of needs, the comfort factor has been fulfilled by the presence of park benches and garden lights in good condition, the cleanliness factor has been fulfilled by the existence of a trash with a sorting system, public toilets and disabled toilets in a clean condition, health factors have been fulfilled with the presence of acid trees, pandanus leaves and canna flowers, and safety factors have been fulfilled with the availability of a monitor bench gazebo and lighting lamps that function optimally. In the aspect of rights, the accessibility factor has been fulfilled, because of its strategic location and is in the city centre and traversed by the Trans Semarang route, the freedom of activity factor have been fulfilled by the existence of a fountain garden, cultural stage and green space, and the diversity of activity factors have been fulfilled by the existence of the Pandawa park , mural gates, fountain shows, cultural arts performances, and various paintings. In the meanings aspect, the place clarity factor is indicated by the presence of information boards and signage that are scattered in the corner of the park, and the sociability factor have been fulfilled by the many of spaces in the park area that can be used for socializing, such as: paving fields, sidewalks, green spaces , and the cultural stage.
Journal of Architectural Design and Urbanism, Volume 2, pp 29-39; doi:10.14710/jadu.v2i1.5770
Jurnatan area is a trading and office hub in Semarang City which was built in the 1970s. Furthermore, the area is directly adjacent to Semarang’s premier cultural heritage area, namely Kota Lama. Since the economic center shifted to the Simpang Lima area in the 1980s, Jurnatan area lost its chief appeal, and was gradually abandoned. This heavily impacted the area, resulting in abandoned complexes, declining trade, and its current status as a ‘no man’s land’. This study aims to find design concepts to revitalize the area, and revitalize its function as an area which supports the area of Kota Lama Semarang, in its ambition to become a World Heritage site. The area planning forwards the concept of walkability, which puts pedestrian needs ahead of vehicles. Besides being an important part of the Semarang City Government’s plan to revitalize the Kota Lama, this concept is suitable for reducing the density of vehicles both in the cultural heritage area and the transition area of shopping complex.
Journal of Architectural Design and Urbanism, Volume 2, pp 22-28; doi:10.14710/jadu.v2i1.5599
Physical elements are the most easily observed and give visual impression that can absorbed by human memory. Physical element is formed by row of façade elements. Roof is the one of façade elements that very dominant form character. Bangunharjo is a corridor that dominant by residental functions in Semarang, Indonesia. Commercial demands and land efficiency make change to façade. Some of these changes adjust according to the perceptions of designers and buiding owners. But, the suitability of building and shape of façade elements must be assessed according to public perceptions. This study aims to find the shape of façade elements, especially roofs which suitable for Bangunharjo street corridor according public perception.The method of discussion is a quantitative method with a visual perception approach. For the result of the analysis it was found that the roof shape that most suitable for buildings on Bangunharjo is pelana (saddle roof) and limasan (pyramid roof).
Journal of Architectural Design and Urbanism, Volume 2, pp 1-12; doi:10.14710/jadu.v2i1.5517
In the last decades, new technologies have been developed and used for digital conservation. Nowadays, virtual reality is becoming an instrument applicable to many areas of science and visual communication. Pathok Negoro Mosque is one of the Javanese Islamic mosque buildings that was built in the 1700s. The building of this mosque still exists. Pathok Negoro Mosque several times has changed the shape and architecture of the building. The mosque was established during the reign of Sultan Hamengku Buwana I, has an extraordinary concept and philosophy. This project was an archiving physical space so they can be digitally preserved. In this paper, we will present the process of the VR app making also describe the benefits and challenges associated with this approach. The method was by research and development by prototyping the building in 3D model, then providing virtual tours in different place and times. This paper will discuss the VR issue focusing on several hardware devices and software platforms for digital content management. This case study allowing a better understanding of masjid pathok negoro history and atmosphere. The analyzed of virtual experience proved to be advantageous in delivering tangible and intangible information.
Journal of Architectural Design and Urbanism, Volume 2; doi:10.14710/jadu.v2i1.4897
The article is focused on the cultural phenomena of architectural iconism that has become globally widespread due to the continuous pressure of ongoing economic, ideological and cultural globalisation and the reigning interests of the web of building industry that appropriates architectural design for its own financial purposes as well as local political stakeholders who often seek to replicate the success of previous internationally renowned iconic buildings by aspiring to the status of world-class cities. While discussing the global and local cultural contexts in which the so-called ‘Bilbao effect’ triggered the current pursuit of iconic buildings, the author of the article analyses the much publicized recent example of iconic architecture in Eastern Europe – the MO Modern Art Museum that was designed by Daniel Libeskind and opened in Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania in 2018 on the site of an abandoned and eventually demolished cinema in the vicinity of the historical Old Quarters. It is argued that despite of publicity and largely overcooked praises of international architectural media, the museum’s architectural design remains an example of ‘signatory architecture’ that largely ignores the aesthetics of its local urban environment and peculiarities of local historical and cultural context. It is suggested that that despite of claims of being contextual, in fact the building is not and on the contrary: it exhibits most of the aesthetics features that plaque iconic buildings in various localities on different continents.
Journal of Architectural Design and Urbanism, Volume 2, pp 40-52; doi:10.14710/jadu.v2i1.5371
One example of the innovation in building construction that is expansively used at present is Glassfiber Reinforced Cement (GRC). GRC is a cement product based on material mixed with fiberglass. GRC is one of the developments of concrete. This product easily and efficiently provides solutions to a variety of building designs. Additionally, its various forms can be applied to numerous types and functions of buildings. This research aimed to identify the suitability of GRC for several functions. The methods in this study employed a type of qualitative research, with data collection techniques in the form of observation and documentation in several examples of buildings that applied the GRC material innovation. Data analysis was obtained from observation related to GRC types, sizes, installation techniques, and functions in the building. Results showed that the GRC had various types, shapes, and sizes. It could be applied to the building exterior or interior. Each building used different GRC specifications tailored to meet needs and design of the building. GRC installation techniques could use the frame or without frames, adapted to the needs and types of GRC used