Akuatikisle: Jurnal Akuakultur, Pesisir dan Pulau-Pulau Kecil

Journal Information
EISSN : 2598-8298
Published by: Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Pertanian Wuna (10.29239)
Total articles ≅ 73
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, , Angga Rivanly Kitong, Riki Rikardo Ada, Rendy Simange
Akuatikisle: Jurnal Akuakultur, Pesisir dan Pulau-Pulau Kecil, Volume 6, pp 79-82; https://doi.org/10.29239/j.akuatikisle.6.2.79-82

Abstract:
Tuna is one of the abundant potentials in North Halmahera Regency, Tobelo. Tuna fish sold in several markets in the city of Tobelo in the form of intact or have been handled, thus tuna fish waste in the form of innards and gills is not utilized, causing a pungent odor at the sales location. The use of fish waste, one of which is an innards fish can be used as an alternative raw material for making fish feed. The raw material for making fish feed must have good nutritional quality including protein sources. This study aims to find out how to process tuna waste into fish feed and the level of respondent's preference for fish feed made. This research was conducted in October - November 2021. The results show that the average panelist assessment of the texture of artificial fish feed texture ranges from 5.45-6.4, the organoleptic value of artificial fish feed ranges from 5.15 to 5.7, the organoleptic value of artificial fish feed ranges from 5.2 to 5.65.
Akuatikisle: Jurnal Akuakultur, Pesisir dan Pulau-Pulau Kecil, Volume 6, pp 57-64; https://doi.org/10.29239/j.akuatikisle.6.1.57-64

Abstract:
There is a rising concern regarding the accumulation of microplastics (MPs) in the aquatic ecosystems. Monitoring effort is crucial to understand the concentration and distribution of MPs. The objective of this paper is to mapping the concentration and characteristics of MPs distributed/deposited in estuary, coast, sediment, and marine organism in Indonesia based on data published from the last five years. In the estuary and coast, the highest MPs concentration were located in Brantas River, East Java, around 133 - 5467 particles/m3. In sediment, the highly amount of MP’s, 1136 particles/kg, were found in Kawal village, Bintan Island, Riau. In marine organism, horn snail (Telescopium telescopium) from Rambut Island, Jakarta Bay contained the highest amount of MP’s around 764.81 particles/individual . MPs were commonly found in fragments, fibers, and films with size ranging between 1 μm - 5 mm. Those MPs are mostly made of polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP), polystyrene (PS) and polyesters (PES). The data summary obtained in this study could be useful for understanding the sources of MPs as well as monitoring the environmental condition in the aquatic ecosystems.
Akuatikisle: Jurnal Akuakultur, Pesisir dan Pulau-Pulau Kecil, Volume 6, pp 65-74; https://doi.org/10.29239/j.akuatikisle.6.1.65-74

Abstract:
Pollutants in waters that cause DNA damage, such as tributyltin, have been known to cause malformations in the mussel shell, which need attention to be studied. Shell malformations or deformities of blue mussels were observed in Norsminde Fjord harbour. The mean shell thickness index of blue mussels from the polluted site was greater than it from expected clean waters. DNA damages detected using the versatile comet assay which expressed as tail length and olive tail moment were evaluated in blue mussels gill cells both in situ and in vitro. The results showed that the average of DNA damages in treatments, namely the polluted site, tributyltin chloride (TBTC) (10 g/l), and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) (10 M) were different from the expected unpolluted site. Although comet assay is considered as an unspecific assay, the results proposed the similarity of DNA damage character of blue mussel gill cells when exposed to tributyltin chloride and taken directly from the polluted site. The data obtained are important for assessing the environmental risks created by genotoxic agents, e.g. tributyltin, used as antifouling agents in marine paints.
Akuatikisle: Jurnal Akuakultur, Pesisir dan Pulau-Pulau Kecil, Volume 6, pp 75-78; https://doi.org/10.29239/j.akuatikisle.6.1.75-78

Abstract:
The morphometric characteristics of the red crab (Thalamita spinimana) have not been widely studied. This research was conducted from March to May 2021 in the waters of Dompak Tanjungpinang, Riau Islands. Each sample obtained directly measured the morphometric part using a caliper or calipers with an accuracy of 0.05 mm and the crab body weight was also weighed using a digital scale with an accuracy of 0.1 g. The samples obtained during the study were 119 crabs, of which 84 female red crabs and 35 male red crabs. The carapace width range for female crabs is 55.40 – 88.32 mm, while in male crabs the carapace width range is 16.35 and 34 individuals 68.96 – 90.94 mm. The weight of female red crabs is in the range of 50.0 – 103.6 g, while the weight of male crabs is in the range of 49.0 – 142.8 g.
Jaya Jaya, , Febri Febri
Akuatikisle: Jurnal Akuakultur, Pesisir dan Pulau-Pulau Kecil, Volume 6, pp 51-56; https://doi.org/10.29239/j.akuatikisle.6.1.51-56

Abstract:
Siganus sp is one of the leading commodities that have high economic value. Until now, the market demand for Siganus sp continues to increase so that the prospect of its cultivation is very promising. The problem that arises specifically for fishermen in the coastal sub-district of Maros Regency is that there is no data and knowledge about suitable locations for the cultivation of Siganus sp. This study aims to determine the area that is suitable for cultivation of Siganus sp in the coastal district of Maros Regency. Data collection techniques were carried out by literature studies and direct field observations by taking coordinates and measuring oceanographic parameters (temperature, salinity, pH, brightness, dissolved oxygen, depth, current velocity). Water quality data were analyzed by weighting, overlaying and layout using GIS analysis. This research was conducted in the waters of the coastal sub-district of Maros Regency in January-August 2021. The results showed that the location of the suitability of Siganus sp aquaculture waters in the coastal sub-district of Maros Regency obtained suitable waters (S) for the development of Siganus sp cultivation covering an area of 630.36 ha and waters that are not suitable (N) for the development of cultivation Siganus sp covering an area of 681.2 ha.
Akuatikisle: Jurnal Akuakultur, Pesisir dan Pulau-Pulau Kecil, Volume 6, pp 47-50; https://doi.org/10.29239/j.akuatikisle.6.1.47-50

Abstract:
Ornamental fish is one of the largest foreign exchange earners that have a strategic role in the Indonesian economy. During the COVID-19 pandemic, almost all economic sectors experienced a decline, including the marine and fisheries sectors. This study aims to examine how the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the marketing of ornamental fish in Balang Baru Village. The results showed that sales of ornamental fish before the pandemic were sold on a large scale with relatively uniform sizes and prices, while during the pandemic, sales were mostly done on a small scale or per head with prices that varied depending on size and color
Akuatikisle: Jurnal Akuakultur, Pesisir dan Pulau-Pulau Kecil, Volume 6, pp 39-45; https://doi.org/10.29239/j.akuatikisle.6.1.39-45

Abstract:
This study aimed to analyze the income level of fishing gear fishers and analyze the welfare level of fishing gear fishers in Barombong Village, Makassar City, South Sulawesi Province. Techniques data collection is done using observation, interviews using questionnaires and documentation. The type of data collected is data that is by the prosperous family indicators based on the 2019 BPS, namely; income data, household consumption or expenditure data, living conditions, household facilities, the health of family members, ease of obtaining health services, ease of entering children into education level and ease of securing transportation facilities. This research was carried out in Barombong Kacan Tamalate Village, Makassar City, in February - April 2021. The results showed that fishing gear fishermen respondents' average income per year was Rp. 36,905,833/year or Rp. 3,075,486/month and fall into the category of low-income level. Based on the 2019 BPS indicators, it is known that 24 respondents from 10 groups of fishing gear fishermen in the Barombong Village, Makassar City belong to the high welfare level as many as 8 respondents (33%) with a total indicator score of 20. As many as 16 respondents (67%) belong to the moderate welfare level with total indicator scores ranging from 18-19. Based on these results, it can be seen that the standard of living of fishing gear fishers in the Barombong Village, Makassar City, is classified as prosperous, with the fact that the income of respondents is low. Still, most of the life support has been provided by the government, especially in the health and education sectors, so that it does not burden household expenses. The addition of new jobs needs to be done as another source of income to increase welfare from a moderate level of interest to a high level of welfare.
Akuatikisle: Jurnal Akuakultur, Pesisir dan Pulau-Pulau Kecil, Volume 6, pp 31-37; https://doi.org/10.29239/j.akuatikisle.6.1.31-37

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to determine the existing condition of the minapolitan area in Pangkep district and to determine the leading sector of capture fisheries and aquaculture commodities in the minapolitan area of Pangkep District, South Sulawesi Province. Data collection techniques were carried out using observation, interviews using questionnaires and documentation. The type of data collected is primary data, namely observation data regarding facilities supporting fishery activities in the Minapolitan area, interview data for respondents from fisheries business actors or fisheries households regarding fishery activities and demographics, then secondary data from agencies related to the production of fishery commodities in Pangkep Regency. And South Sulawesi. This research was conducted in the minapolitan area of Pangkep Regency, South Sulawesi Province, in February – April 2021. The results showed that the existing condition in the availability of infrastructure facilities in the minapolitan area in the mainland area of Pangkep Regency, especially at the level of availability of facilities, was categorized as medium. Supporting facilities for fishery activities are at an availability level of 61.6 per cent because many are abandoned due to not being able to optimize their operations. The leading fishery commodities in the Minapolitan area that have the export potential are Tilapia, Patin, Cottonii seaweed and Milkfish. Fishery commodities that have the potential to meet local market demand are Vanamei Shrimp and Windu Shrimp. Fishery commodities that are not superior are Gracillaria Seaweed, Carp, Catfish and Crayfish.
Akuatikisle: Jurnal Akuakultur, Pesisir dan Pulau-Pulau Kecil, Volume 6, pp 25-30; https://doi.org/10.29239/j.akuatikisle.6.1.25-30

Abstract:
This study aimed to determine the potential of freshwater fish aquaculture in Minasatene District, Pangkep Regency, South Sulawesi Province. Data collection techniques were carried out by observing the location of freshwater fish aquaculture, interviewing respondents using questionnaires and documentation. The type of data collected is primary data, namely observation data regarding the distribution of freshwater fish aquaculture locations, types and quantities of freshwater fish production as well as supporting data through interviews with respondents of freshwater fish aquaculture business actors related to the activities carried out, then secondary data from agencies related to production results. Freshwater fish in Minasatene District. This research was conducted in Minasatene District, Pangkep Regency, South Sulawesi Province, in February – April 2021. The results of this study are the aquaculture potential of freshwater fish in the Minasatene sub-district of 1.28 tons/year/ha with the largest producer of freshwater fish coming from Minasate'ne Village and Kalabbirang Village with potential production of tilapia, catfish and koi fish. Factors affecting the production of freshwater fish aquaculture in the Minasatene sub-district are the number of abandoned freshwater fish aquaculture lands, non-optimal management, traditional management, dependence on government assistance, the influence of COVID-19, and conversion of cultivated land into tourist areas.
Akuatikisle: Jurnal Akuakultur, Pesisir dan Pulau-Pulau Kecil, Volume 6, pp 19-24; https://doi.org/10.29239/j.akuatikisle.6.1.19-24

Abstract:
Research on the inventory of clams (Tridacnidae) at Biang Beach, Matak Village, Kute Siantan District, Anambas Islands Regency, clams have been included in the CITES list, appendix II. The purpose of this study was to determine the physico-chemical parameters in the Biang Coastal Waters, Kute Siantan District, and to determine the types of clams found in the Biang Coastal Waters, Matak Village, Kute Siantan District. Knowing the Density of Kima in Biang Beach Waters, Matak Village, Kute Siantan District, this research was conducted in March 2021, located in Matak Village, Anambas Islands Regency. sampling using purposive sampling method which consists of 6 points determination of the point based on the distribution of coral reefs as the survival of clams. sampling of clams (Tridacnidae) using Bhentos Belt Transect (BBT), the results of measuring water parameters are still at the threshold of the quality standard of PP RI No. 22 of 2021, The highest density was in the clam species Tridacna crocea with a density value of 714.29 ind/ha at point 6 (six), then the lowest density value was at point 3 (three) with a value of 142.86 ind/ha, The highest density was at Kima Tridacna maxima species with a density value of 1,285.71 ind/ha at point 6 (six) then the lowest density value was at point 5 (five) with a density value of 500.00 ind/ha, while the density value at the clam species Tridacna squamosa, with a value of 142.86 ind/ha, was found at point 6 (six) and the density value of the species Hippopus hippopus with a value of 71.43 ind/ha was at point 3 (three).
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