Socialinė teorija, empirija, politika ir praktika
ISSN / EISSN : 1648-2425 / 2345-0266
Current Publisher: Vilnius University Press (10.15388)
Total articles ≅ 234
Latest articles in this journal
Published: 8 March 2021
Socialinė teorija, empirija, politika ir praktika, Volume 22, pp 8-27; doi:10.15388/stepp.2021.26
Clients of social workers have elevated suicide risks. One of those types of clients are people with eating disorders. Suicidality is associated with attitudes towards suicide. Although the suicidality of people with eating disorders is well-studied, their attitudes towards suicide have received less attention. The object of this research is to study the attitudes among people with eating disorders – 126 participants took place in this research: 63 people with eating disorders (anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder, other eating disorders) and 63 people without eating disorders. All the participants with eating disorders at the time of the research were receiving treatment at the Center for Eating Disorders (VšĮ Vilnius Mental Health center). The majority of participants were women (92%), with an average age of 25 years. All the respondents filled in an Attitudes towards suicide questionnaire (ATTS) and its supplement. The results showed that participants with eating disorders perceived suicide as less predictable and associated it with loneliness more than participants without eating disorders. Attitudes of people with anorexia nervosa and with bulimia nervosa towards suicide did not differ significantly. Participants with anorexia nervosa perceived suicide as less predictable, showed more nonintrusive attitudes towards suicide and associated it with loneliness more than participants without eating disorders. Attitudes towards suicide among people with bulimia nervosa and people without eating disorders did not differ significantly. The results could be explained by considering the characteristics of people with eating disorders and the methodology of this research. Recommendations for social work practice were formed based on the findings.
Published: 28 December 2020
Socialinė teorija, empirija, politika ir praktika, Volume 21, pp 86-95; doi:10.15388/stepp.2020.24
This article analyzes the development of personal social services (PSS) after the restoration of the independent state of Lithuania in 1990, looking through the lens of organizational peculiarities. The development of services in Lithuania occurred not only by introducing the principles of the welfare state but was also influenced by the marketization trends in the area, passing through the experience of the Western countries. Therefore, in Lithuania, the origination of PSS as a separate welfare sector and its marketization occurred almost in parallel.
Published: 28 December 2020
Socialinė teorija, empirija, politika ir praktika, Volume 21, pp 66-85; doi:10.15388/stepp.20.23
There have been a lot of interest in social economics development in Europe, and social business has stood out for its social impact, having a potential approach to such societal problems as social exclusion, poverty, unemployment. The creation of social capital and social entrepreneurship are related by positive social change and economic benefits, which are achieved through personal and community bonding, innovation, and social initiatives. Social business has stood out for its social impact, having a potential approach to such societal problems as social exclusion, poverty, unemployment. The aim of the present article is to reveal social entrepreneurship impact on building social capital in Lithuanian communities. For this reason, a qualitative study was conducted based on social business activities related to community change, as well as identifying the interrelations between social business and social capital. This article introduces the theoretical approach of concepts social capital and community, followed by discussion of social business benefits and impact on the growth of community’s social capital. The results of the analysis of the research data were analytically coded based on grounded theory methodology and reveals the potential and perspective of social business in creating social change in the community following by building new relationships, trust and values, and new norms for community development. The positive changes initiated by social business are relevant to the goals of social work and reveal the need of further research in this field.
Published: 28 December 2020
Socialinė teorija, empirija, politika ir praktika, Volume 21, pp 37-65; doi:10.15388/stepp.2020.22
In this article we analyse the quality of social services from the perspective of people with disabilities and we analyse other social services quality studies that use the EQUASS system or the SERVQUAL model. We show the contrast between the high quality ratings reported by social workers and unmet expectations of the services’ recipients. It is argued that the difference may be due to methodological errors in choosing one or another research method, and the phenomenon of social workers’ conformism, which can be supported also by the peculiarities of Lithuania’s long-term social policy. It is proposed that the SERWQUAL model be used for the study of the quality of social services, which is flexible with regards to the needs of service users. Triangulation of research methods was used to analyse the data. We show evaluation of the quality of social services according to the 5 dimensions of the SERWQUAL model: tangibles, reliability, responsiveness, assurance (certainty) and sensitivity (empathy).
Published: 28 December 2020
Socialinė teorija, empirija, politika ir praktika, Volume 21, pp 96-121; doi:10.15388/stepp.2020.25
The purpose of this article is to present the results of cash social assistance (CSA) benefit non-take-up in the context of the CSA system reform in Lithuania. The right to adequate minimum income benefits is one of the 20 key principles under the European Pillar of Social Rights (EPSR). Using the tax-benefit microsimulation model EUROMOD we seek to identify all those eligible to CSA benefit and to analyse its non-take-up rates in Lithuania. The analysis for 2016 showed that CSA benefit non-take-up in Lithuania was around 22%. This means that around one fifth of those who are entitled to this benefit do not get it for various reasons. The results show that there are two types of households, with a non-take-up rate exceeding 30%: single person and lone parent households. The dynamics of CSA benefit non-take-up between 2007-2016 were strongly negatively correlated to the annual average number of recipients of the CSA benefit. This makes for a counter-cyclical dynamic of the CSA non-take-up relative to the economic growth cycle. We find some evidence of an increase in the CSA non-take-up rate following the recent CSA reform in Lithuania. Further analysis is needed to distinguish between the effects of the economic cycle and the CSA reform.
Published: 16 September 2020
Socialinė teorija, empirija, politika ir praktika, Volume 21, pp 26-36; doi:10.15388/stepp.2020.21
The global coronovirus (Covid-19) pandemic has been revealed what about half of the world’s deaths are recorded in large institutions of the elderly and people with disabilities, and these are later thought to be incentives for states to take active deinstitutionalisation efforts. In order for deinstitutionalisation actions to respond to its ideological origins, which lie in the provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, in the necessary legal instruments and in clarifying that Member States are responsible. The article reveals how the deinstitutionalisation processes that have already started are implemented and evaluated in Central and Eastern Europe and discusses their problems. Content analysis was used to investigate the Soviet regime, leading to the implementation of official and alternative (shadow) reports on the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.
Published: 8 June 2020
Socialinė teorija, empirija, politika ir praktika, Volume 21, pp 8-25; doi:10.15388/stepp.2020.20
The phenomenon of social entrepreneurship is sufficiently well-researched abroad since the end of the 20th century. Nevertheless, it is quite a new and under-researched subject in Lithuanian academic discourse. The goal of this article is to explore the experiences of pioneers of social entrepreneurship in Lithuania, the way they create and develop the model of social entrepreneurship. The first half of the article discusses various concepts of social entrepreneurship, its historical development, connections with corporate social responsibility and its purpose in contemporary societies. The second part describes the authentic experiences of being the icebreakers of social business practices in bureaucratic system. Results are based on semi-structured qualitative interviews, conducted in autumn 2018 - spring 2019, with 14 social entrepreneurs in Lithuania. The analysis was done following the approach of grounded theory. The research shows, that social entrepreneurs experience various challenges while cooperating with governmental institutions or municipalities while searching for suitable funding models and experiencing ignorance from society in general. Nevertheless, they still engage in these activities with the help and support of an emerging community of active like-minded social entrepreneurs, whose support is essential for the existence and development of social entrepreneurship in Lithuania.
Published: 12 May 2020
Socialinė teorija, empirija, politika ir praktika, Volume 20, pp 67-78; doi:10.15388/stepp.2020.19
The aim of this study was to evaluate the demographic, family, and educational differences in children’s speech perception development after cochlear (hearing) implantation. The research was conducted in Vilnius University Hospital Santaros Klinikos during the years 2013–2018. Open-set speech perception in quiet surroundings were evaluated during hearing assessments (n=81). Information about different factor groups was collected according to the Nottingham Children’s Implant Profile questionnaire. Three main factor groups were analysed: (a) demographic, (b) family, and (c) educational. A Bourdieu-based approach was adopted to analyse social inequalities of health of children with cochlear implants. Different factors were operationalized as different forms of capital. Our findings highlight the importance of family’s social and cultural capital to children speech perception after cochlear implantation.
Published: 12 May 2020
Socialinė teorija, empirija, politika ir praktika, Volume 20, pp 8-21; doi:10.15388/stepp.2020.15
Vienų motinų šeimos yra viena iš opiausių problemų Europoje dėl augančio tokių šeimų skaičiaus, gilėjančio skurdo, kuris siejamas su familializmo ideologijos ir skurdo feminizacijos padariniais. Šeimos politika tam tikrų keliamų problemų kontekste kuria sąlygas vienų vaikus auginančių moterų šeimoms gyvuoti arba uždaro į skurdo ratą. Nors Lietuvoje yra nemažai vienų motinų šeimų skurdo tyrimų, tačiau nėra išsamaus šeimos politikos tikslų ir priemonių tyrimo, kuris gali padėti suprasti, kodėl, augant ekonomikai ir kintant demografijai, vienų motinų šeimos yra labiausiai skurstanti šeimų grupė Lietuvoje. Tad tyrimo tikslas – išsiaiškinti, kaip Lietuvos šeimos politikoje yra (ne)atpažįstamos vienų vaikus auginančių moterų šeimos ir kokios sąlygos egzistuoti joms sudaromos šeimos politikos įstatymų kontekste. Tikslui pasiekti buvo kokybiškai analizuoti įvairūs įstatymai iš MISSOC ir Lietuvos Respublikos Seimo dokumentų duomenų bazių. Tyrimo rezultatai rodo, kad Lietuvos šeimos politikos kontekste aiškiai jaučiama familializmo ideologija, siekiama stiprinti ir didinti branduolinių šeimų ir daugiavaikių šeimų skaičių, tikintis išspręsti demografines problemas. Vienų motinų šeimos politikoje nėra matomos, nėra įvardijamos kaip politikos prioritetas ir į akiratį patenka tik tada, kai atsiduria socialiai remtinų šeimų grupėje. Taip pat yra siejamos su diskriminuojančiomis sąvokomis, tokiomis kaip „nepilna šeima“.
Published: 12 May 2020
Socialinė teorija, empirija, politika ir praktika, Volume 20, pp 22-39; doi:10.15388/stepp.2020.16
This article analyses the elderly attitudes on the continuity of working careers in different sectors of the labour market. It discusses theoretical approaches and the determining factors of older people participation in the labour market. Attention is drawn to the impact they have in different labour market sectors. The investigation was carried out in primary quantitative data analysis. The factors of participation in different labour market sectors were analysed using the data of the European Working Conditions Survey (2015). Primary data are treated with the statistical software package (SPSS). Data analysis includes frequency distribution, cross-tabulation, chi-square tests, factor analysis, and logistic regression methods. The research results shown that in Lithuania, three quarters of the elderly want to pursue a professional career, but attitudes vary across sectors. Logistic regression models showed that job and health satisfaction is particularly important for all sectors. Gender is important in agriculture, hotels, and education. In the financial, public administration, education and health services, the role of education plays an important role and increases the attitudes of working longer. Harmful factors identified during the study had an impact on four branches. Psychologically challenging conditions have affected the financial and educational sectors, harmful substances and physically demanding working conditions affect the attitudes of workers in the manufacturing sector, and harmful feelings affect the agricultural sector workers.