Zemleustrìj, kadastr ì monìtorìng zemelʹ

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ISSN / EISSN : 2306-1677 / 2518-7325
Total articles ≅ 229
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O. Patiyuk, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, A. Fedoruk
Zemleustrìj, kadastr ì monìtorìng zemelʹ; https://doi.org/10.31548/zemleustriy2021.01.04

The main resource of OTG is land and the most effective management of this resource provides an opportunity to fill the local budget, develop the community, carry out error-free and as clear as possible land management, complying with current legislation while taking into account the interests of the community. It also provides transparency in land management, which increases public confidence in local authorities. If as of today OTG is not provided with complete and up-to-date information on the condition, qualitative and quantitative indicators of community land resources. This does not meet the challenges of today. The lack of an updated cartographic basis and land inventory causes: inability to carry out the process of strategic planning of settlements and communities in general, inability to attract investment, low investment attractiveness of the territory, inability to manage land resources in full, inability to meet the needs of the population. OTG land inventory will allow for a full audit of land resources, and will develop community infrastructure, increase investment attractiveness, will identify all problems that have arisen regarding the management of the community.
E. Butenko, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, N. Nevoit
Zemleustrìj, kadastr ì monìtorìng zemelʹ; https://doi.org/10.31548/zemleustriy2021.01.08

It is determined and substantiated that the most popular type of survey activity for land management is the use of unmanned aerial vehicles, as most traditional methods of geodetic surveys are not effective enough today, they can not provide the required measurement accuracy, especially for landowners and land users. , is very important. An approximate algorithm for the use of unmanned aerial vehicles to solve geodetic problems of land management of united territorial communities, which includes stages of preparation from re-survey to create a digital terrain model, the advantages of using unmanned aerial vehicles over traditional types of geodetic surveys. analyzed a number of features of the use of unmanned aerial vehicles in geodetic surveying for the needs of OTG land management, calculated the economic efficiency of this type of geodetic surveys on a specific example, namely the village of Gamaliyivka Pustomyty district of Lviv region and compared the comparison of traditional costs and time training and the use of unmanned aerial vehicles. At the same time, the ways of improving the process of aerial photography with the help of UAVs are presented both at the normative and at the organizational and technical level. namely, the settlement of Gamaliyivka, Pustomyty district, Lviv region, and a comparison of the cost of time and money in comparison with the traditional method of geodetic surveys and the use of unmanned aerial vehicles. At the same time, the ways of improving the process of aerial photography with the help of UAVs are presented both at the normative and at the organizational and technical level. namely, the settlement of Gamaliyivka, Pustomyty district, Lviv region, and a comparison of the cost of time and money in comparison with the traditional method of geodetic surveys and the use of unmanned aerial vehicles. At the same time, the ways of improving the process of aerial photography with the help of UAVs are presented both at the normative and at the organizational and technical level.
G. Sharyi, National University «Yuri Kondratyuk Poltava Polytechnic», ,
Zemleustrìj, kadastr ì monìtorìng zemelʹ; https://doi.org/10.31548/zemleustriy2021.01.01

The factors causing destruction of natural complexes, degradation of agricultural lands were considered. It was revealed that the crisis phenomena of state institutions also influenced the low resistance of agricultural production to negative impacts of a natural and climatic nature. The necessity of raising the urgent problem of drought, which affects the decrease in yield, and, consequently, the deterioration of the natural conditions of the economy, was proved. This requires a change in the agricultural technology system towards the development of a reclamation complex for the irrigation of agricultural lands, especially on lands of intensive agriculture, in particular, beet growing, vegetable growing, fodder production and the formation of a more drought-resistant farming system. It was noted that the neoliberal regulatory policy of the state and the liberalization of agrarian relations stopped the development of intensive reclaimed agriculture. It was revealed that over the past 30 years, land with reclamation systems fell into the private property of individuals. Lack of responsibility for the proper use of irrigation systems has led to the rupture of technological integrity, to the destruction of their functional properties. There is a need to form a system for organizing the efficient and rational use of agricultural land in production, which will allow us to study the features of the interaction of the components of the system and form ways to ensure a balance between the efficiency (profitability) of production and rational continuous use of agricultural land. On the basis of modeling, the factors of influence on the organization of the effective use of agricultural lands were determined. A graph-model of the system of organizing the efficient and rational use of agricultural lands was formed A structural-logical model of overcoming drought on agricultural lands was proposed. As a result of the studies, it was concluded that the impact of drought can be overcome by ensuring in Ukraine a full-fledged turnover of agricultural land and effective state mechanisms of regulatory economic policy in agricultural land use.
R. Voloshyn, Western Ukrainian National University, A. Vitrovyi, R. Rozum, M. Buriak
Zemleustrìj, kadastr ì monìtorìng zemelʹ; https://doi.org/10.31548/zemleustriy2021.01.03

It is established that the decentralization reform in Ukraine along with the administrative reform provided the formation of a new administrative-territorial system. This led to changes in land management, which primarily affected the improvement of land relations, setting the new administrative structures, and planning sustainable management of land protection on a local level. It is determined that certain provisions of land management in decentralization terms require proper institutionalization, in particular: establishing new boundaries for administrative units on the ground, consolidation of land management systems for united territorial communities, improving the management of agricultural lands outside the localities that are transferred to territorial communities’ ownership. It is emphasized on the need to adapt the cadastral numbers system to the new codifier of administrative-territorial units, and on the urgency of developing new comprehensive plans for the spatial development of the community, which would ensure rational organization of UTC territory in accordance with the mutual interests of all localities. It is determined that the study results may serve as a basis for justification of further institutionalization of changes in the land management.
, Land Management Institute of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine, A. Barvinskyi, , V. Saliuta, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Institute of Agroecology and Nature Management of NAAS Ukraine
Zemleustrìj, kadastr ì monìtorìng zemelʹ; https://doi.org/10.31548/zemleustriy2021.01.05

The existing scientific and methodological approaches to the classification of agricultural lands both in Ukraine and abroad are analysed. It is established that modern classifications of lands should be formed based on such principles as complexity, exhaustiveness, hierarchy and legality; meet the requirements of automated technologies for maintaining the state land cadastre and land monitoring; take into account the recommendations of the European Economic Commission at the UN. Comprehensiveness of identifying of all potentially possible land uses, which will facilitate effective state control over land use in accordance with their intended purpose will be ensured through a comprehensive approach to the development of land classification; its consistency with other current state classification systems in the field of nature management and the use of clearly defined target criteria, parameters and features, the system of which is determined by the specific scope and requirements of the relevant user groups – through a systematic approach. A fragment of 3-digit classification of agricultural lands is proposed, in which hierarchically placed interrelated indicators characterizing the legal regime of land use (legal block of land classifier) and their physical condition (physical block of land classifier) are placed hierarchically. In order to legally consolidate the categories “type, subtype, variety of lands” that form the basis of the physical block of the land classifier, it is necessary to make appropriate changes to the national land legislation.
H. Kolisnyk, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, I. Trokhymenko
Zemleustrìj, kadastr ì monìtorìng zemelʹ; https://doi.org/10.31548/zemleustriy2021.01.06

The evolution of agricultural land use development in Ukraine has been studied. The main factors influencing the land market on the formation of agricultural land use are identified, they include: the number of potential buyers (land users) and sellers, the expiration of the lease agreement, the structure of the land bank of the agricultural enterprise (lease, ownership), land consolidation based on land purchase and sale . The article, based on the example of Narizhanska village council of Poltava region, established that only 30 percent of landowners will be able to sell their land plots in the first 2 years due to the expiring lease agreement. The authors study the factors influencing the efficiency of agricultural land use in the land market, the main ones are: disruption of crop rotation, excessive agricultural development and plowing, low rents and competition of land users, a small number of small land uses with poor financial stability, destructive changes -climatic conditions, lack of effective tools for termination of lease agreements, lack, to a large extent, of information on territorial restrictions in the State Land Cadastre and more. The article proposes to make proposals to the regulatory framework in terms of the possibility of one-time termination or re-conclusion of lease agreements due to changes in significant conditions (turnover of agricultural land), which will intensify the sale process, increase investment attractiveness of agricultural land use by increasing the portfolio private property, land consolidation, simplification of the land exchange process, involvement of a larger share of credit and financial institutions in the formation of land use, as well as positively affect the welfare of landowners (shares) and more. The article proposes to ensure the formation of sustainable land use by improving the regulatory framework, ensuring an environmentally friendly structure of sown areas primarily through strengthening the role of landowners, increasing the share of small or medium agricultural land use.
A. Tretiak, Bila Tserkva National Agrarian University, T. Priadka, N. Kapinos, Sumy National Agrarian University
Zemleustrìj, kadastr ì monìtorìng zemelʹ; https://doi.org/10.31548/zemleustriy2021.01.02

Land planning specialization of land relations and land use system has significantly strengthened the role and place of land planning activities in the development of the country's economy and its territories. However, the theory of land organization and land planning does not keep up with the demands of practice. The functions, subject and objects of land organization and land planning are declared to a limited extent. Therefore, the purpose of the study is to substantiate the current development of land organization and land planning in Ukraine on the basis of the latest institutional and behavioral economic theory. It is substantiated that land planning activity is a socio-economic institution that provides trust, understanding and in the socio-economic area, through professional processing, submission and interpretation for users of land information about the facts and processes of organizations (institutions). In the narrow sense the land planning is the Institution of transformation using specific methods, rules (its formal component) and professional skills and judgments (informal component of the institution) of land managing facts in the language of numbers for understanding and manageability of all subjects of the socio-economic area. In a broad sense, land planning as an institution forms a certain face of land-tenure and land-use, state land institutions, public and other organizations (institutes) who organize and manage the use and protection of land and other natural resources and provide important informational content of local, regional, national and global socio-economic areas. The institution of land planning is primarily characterized by the state of the informal component, its ability to influence the adoption and compliance with the «rules of the game» through «organizations-institutions» (primarily associations of professional land surveyors). Influence the effective representation of management and economic activities related to land in society. This increase in theoretical ideas opens up new ways to develop land planning and, consequently, land reform measures. Its scientific and legal components («rules of the game») are increasingly based on ideas, the influence of the professional environment, which should become more and more organizationally united. On the other hand, the institutional theory of land planning opens the possibility and substantiates the need for the use of state regulatory bodies, scientific schools, professional associations of land surveyors, the ideology of «land planning engineering» and «land planning imperialism» in land policy.
V. Nazarenko, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine
Zemleustrìj, kadastr ì monìtorìng zemelʹ; https://doi.org/10.31548/zemleustriy2021.01.10

This paper approaches urbanization from the broader context of land and economic sciences, with a focus on the theoretical framework and practical use of data classification. International organizations, official government bodies, and private research institutions have different views on urbanization, rely on various methods for statics research and data classification. In this paper we overviewed the term from several angles, such as land use and settlements area, population dynamics and regional economics, agriculture and resources use, followed by sustainable development in the context of urban development plans and policies. The proposed conceptual model of urbanization inland and economics science context determined urbanization as both state and ongoing process. As a result of research work, urbanization process and state key data and research metrics were presented and categorized by fields of application and research subfield category. The important section of the urbanization definition is a robust multistage research framework. We believe that it can help other researchers, as well as the author, look like urban growth, history, and development prospects with less bias and with a focus on long-term vision, multidisciplinary approach.
, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, V. Fomenko, Illia-Ol. Zastulka, D. Tretiachenko, Odessa State Agrarian University
Zemleustrìj, kadastr ì monìtorìng zemelʹ; https://doi.org/10.31548/zemleustriy2021.01.09

During the analysis of legislation, regulations and their practical implementation we identified problems of maintaining the required level of environmental safety of agricultural land use. In this regard, the incentive of environmental measures implemented by economic entities in the agricultural sector is essential both by the state and through the intensification of private initiative. It is substantiated that due to the competent combination of parameters and tools of the regulator, landowners and land users will honestly comply with the requirements of environmental safety in land use. It is proposed to introduce changes to the legislation with a clear definition of the sources, grounds, procedure for compensation payments for implementation of environmental protection measures by agricultural land use entities. It is expedient to intensify the system of joint funds for restoration, reproduction and protection of agricultural lands.
V. Chabaniuk, Institute of Geography of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, O. Dyshlyk, K. Polyvach, V. Pioro, Geomatic Solutions Llc, NGO "Ukrainian Center for Museum Development"
Zemleustrìj, kadastr ì monìtorìng zemelʹ; https://doi.org/10.31548/zemleustriy2021.01.07

The correct start of work on developing a spatial data infrastructure of the domain of immovable cultural heritage (CH) of Ukraine is to model the entities boundaries of the CH in the most accessible way at the moment. Created models are used together with the necessary transformations, both in separate systems from the set of CH domain systems, and in several appropriately ordered systems from this set. Many of the required systems are organized into a hierarchy of systems called Atlas Geographic Information System: from public models of CH entities on the Internet to the State System for permanent registration or registration of CH objects under the Ministry of Culture and Information Policy (MCIP) of Ukraine. Border management includes support for the entire life cycle of the spatial characteristics of CH entity models – from random statement about the CH object to the transformation into an object of the registration system or even an object of the national register. It is shown that when defining boundaries, you need to be able to work with different spatial characterizations of the CH object. It is proved that this characterization can be started from available cartographic material, and not from the implementation of land management projects, as it is done in the case of spatial characterization of land parcels. The elements of the methodology are described, which allows to carry out the necessary spatial characterization of the CH objects in practice.
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