Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner

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ISSN / EISSN : 0853-7380 / 2252-696X
Total articles ≅ 262
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Apriyani Nur Sariffudin, Nafiatul Umami, Bambang Suhartanto, Bambang Suwignyo, Kustantinah Kustantinah
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner, Volume 26, pp 179-186; https://doi.org/10.14334/jitv.v26i4.2912

The aim of this study was to determine effect of types and dose levels of foliar fertilizers on morphology and production of Clitoria ternatea. This study was conducted from September to November 2020 at Forage Research Garden for Animal Feed and Pasture, Faculty of Animal Science, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta. Materials used were Clitoria ternatea, liquid organic fertilizer of rabbit and gandasil D fertilizer. This study was designed in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with factorial pattern of 2x4. The fertilizer dosages were: 0,1.5,3.0 and 4.5 g/l/plot. The parameters measured were plant height, stem diameter, leaf area, number of branches, fresh and dry matter productions. Data were analyzed by the analysis of variance at 5%, with Duncan's Multiple Range Test (DMRT). Results showed that types of foliar fertilizers did not affect morphological characteristics and production of Clitoria ternatea (P>0.05), but the fertilizer dosages had significant effect (P<0.05) on morphological characteristics except for leaf area and production of Clitoria ternatea. The higher the dose level of foliar fertilizer the greater the plant height, stem diameter and number of branches. Dosage of 4.5 g/l/plot resulted in the highest plant height, stem diameter and number of branches each 160.02, 1.14 cm and 18.96 branches, respectively. Dosage of4.5 g/l/plot gave the highest fresh and dry matter production of 19.22 and 16.75 tons/ha. It is concluded that increasing the dosage level of foliar fertilizer up to 4.5 g/l/plot resulted in an increased quantity measures of several morphological characteristics and production.
Agus Hadi Prayitno, Faradinda Lorenza, Suparmi Suparmi, Muhamad Hafiidh Naafi’Yan
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner, Volume 26, pp 152-157; https://doi.org/10.14334/jitv.v26i4.2900

This study aimed to determine the effect of fortification of duck eggshellnano-calcium and different types of packaging on the quality of chicken sausage. The sausage was made of duck eggshellnano-calcium, chicken fillet, sugar, garlic powder, salt, pepper, tapioca, ice, oil, soy protein isolate, sodium tripolyphosphate, monosodium glutamate, collagen casing, polyethylene, nylon, and retort pouch packaging. Treatment for fortification of duck eggshellnano-calcium was P0 (0%) and P1 (0.3%) of the total dough. Vacuum packaging treatments were K1 (polyethylene), K2 (nylon), and K3 (retort pouch). All chicken sausages were vacuum-packed and stored at -18°C for 0 and 14 days of observation. Parameters tested were water content, pH value, peroxide value, and total plate count. Data collected were analyzed by analysis of variance in a completely randomized design with factorial patterns and if there was a significant difference (P<0.05) then further tested with Duncan's New Multiple Range Test. Sausage fortified with duck eggshell nano-calcium with vacuum retort pouch packaging was the best treatment with the lowest peroxide value at day 14 shelf life. Sausage fortified with nano-calcium duck eggshell with vacuum retort pouch packaging at day 14 shelf life had moisture (51.59%), pH value (6.83), peroxide value (64.64 meq O2/kg), and total plate count (3.50 X 103 cfu/g).
Hearty Salatnaya, A M Fuah, M S Engel, Cece Sumantri, Widiatmaka Widiatmaka, S Kahono
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner, Volume 26, pp 167-178; https://doi.org/10.14334/jitv.v26i4.2896

Survey of stingless bee diversity, nesting preferences, and forage plants was conducted in West Halmahera across 134 collection sites. This research was aimed to determine species diversity, nesting preference and habitat, and dominant forage plants. There were three species found, the most common species being Tetragonula clypearis (Friese), followed by T. sapiens (Cockerell), and last T. biroi (Friese). Based on the morphology characters of each species, the key identification was provided. The most colonies were found in public houses (80.39%), followed by plantations (13.73%), and the community forest (5.88%), respectively.Most colonies nested in stone cavities, parts of the houses, wooden materials, tree trunks, logs, tree roots, bamboo, and sometimes iron cavities. The forage plants consist of forage plantation, crops, fruits, vegetables, ornamental flowers, wild plants and shrubs. The three species found were new record in West Halmahera. Bees lived in various hollow places that were safe for their colony. Bees made use of a variety of flowering plants and secrete resins around the nest site.
Nyak Ilham, M Maulana, E Gunawan
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner, Volume 26, pp 187-194; https://doi.org/10.14334/jitv.v26i4.2697

Competitiveness of layer business was determined by the level of efficiency, which was influenced by the level of technology adoption, production costs, and economy of scale. This study was carried out from April to July aim to analyse the performance of small-scale layer poultry farming. The study site was in the layer production centre, namely in Payakumbuh West Sumatera, Blitar East Java and Sidrap South Sulawesi. Primary data were collected through interviews with 50 farmers and 12 poultry shops at all study sites. Analysis of the efficiency level is using DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis) software and business feasibility using financial analysis. The following were the main research findings: (1) the development of layer farming technology had not been responded well by farmers so that the production level and mortality of chickens were still below standard; (2) relatively, the level of layer poultry farming efficiency in Sidrap and Payakumbuh was better than in Blitar with a value closer to one, where the inefficiency was due to the use of excessive inputs; and (3) small-scale layer poultry farming was financially feasible, where the determining factors were feed and eggs price. The study recommended the need to add both technical service staff from poultry shops and local agricultural extension workers. Feed costs should be reduced by IDR 1,000 in Blitar and IDR 57 di Sidrap per kilogram of eggs produced per period. In addition, an accurate and better allocation of corn for feed was needed to optimise the ratio of feed and egg price optimal.
Agus Hadi Prayitno, T A Siswoyo, Y Erwanto, T Lindrianti, Sri Hartatik, Joni Murti Mulyo Aji, Edi Suryanto, Rusman Rusman
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner, Volume 26, pp 139-144; https://doi.org/10.14334/jitv.v26i4.2828

Osteoporosis can be prevented by consuming calcium lactate. Calcium that is consumed is generally in a micro-size. Micro-sized calcium is only absorbed by the body by about 50% which can cause deficiency. Eggshells are poultry waste that is rich in calcium and can be used as a cheap source of dietary calcium through nanotechnology. Nanotechnology has been developed to increase calcium absorption. This study aimed to synthesize nano-calcium lactate from chicken eggshells,and commercial calcium oxide by precipitation method. Synthesis was carried out by reacting a solution of 1 mol/L eggshell calcium oxide and commercial calcium oxide (control) as much as 20 ml mixed with a solution of 6 mol/L lactic acids as much as 30 ml with a ratio of 1:1.5 (v/v) for 30 minutes at 50°C at a speed of 500 rpm/minute using a magnetic stirrer. Ethanol 50% was added as much as 20 ml (v/v), oven-dried at 105°C for 72 hours then crushed to produce eggshell nano-calcium lactate (NCaL) powder. Characterisation of NCaL using Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR). Result showed that NCaL in the form of white crystals could be synthesized from chicken eggshells by precipitation method. Characterization with XRD showed that the diffraction angle was 2θ with the peaks of NCaL, namely 9.3800°, 10.3869°, and 22.9570°. Characterization with FTIR obtained a peak in the wavenumber from NCaL, namely 1,589.34 cm-1. Characterization using TEM showed that the crystal size of NCaL was 75 nm.
Dinda Ayu Permata Sari, S Said, Nahrowi Nahrowi, R Priyanto, Muladno Muladno
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner, Volume 26, pp 158-166; https://doi.org/10.14334/jitv.v26i4.2886

Nutrition and rearing systems are some of the main factors affecting productivity of cows. Body condition score (BCS) is a method used to assess nutritional status and evaluate rearing systems of each animal. This study was done to analyze effect of BCS on reproductive performance and chest girth of Bali cow in different rearing systems. This study was conducted at the Field Station of Sekolah Peternakan Rakyat Kuamang Abadi, Bungo Regency, Jambi, Indonesia. A total of 62 heads of Bali cow with BCS of 2, 3, and 4 (scale 1-5) reared on intensive, semi-intensive and extensive systems were used in this study. This study was conducted using survey and direct observation. Variables observed were as follows: BCS, calving interval (CI), days open (DO), service per conception (S/C) and chest girth (CG). Data were analyzed using simple correlation and regression analysis in SPPS, followed by descriptive analysis. Result showed that the BCS of Bali cow in different rearing systems did not affect CI, DO, S/C and CG. BCS had a weak correlation coefficient (r), with the reproductive performance of CI, DO, and S/C at 0.09, 0.09, and 0.08, respectively. In addition, the relationship between BCS and CG was highly significant, with a correlation coefficient (r) of 0.532. Therefore, BCS had a positive relationship with CI, DO, S/C, and CG. Moreover, BCS cannot be used as the only indicator to assess the reproductive performance of Bali cow in different rearing systems.
Nikomedes Anndhana Engtian Kilimpares, Raka Zacky Firzatullah, Dhita Indah Andara, Sri Mukodiningsih
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner, Volume 26, pp 145-151; https://doi.org/10.14334/jitv.v26i4.2895

Broiler litter waste is increasing as the population of broiler chickens increases, on the other hand the need for ruminant feed is increasing so that alternative feeds are needed in the form of complete feed made from litter. This study was aimed to determine the effect of fermentation time on the nutritional content and digestibility of the complete feed. A completely randomized design with 4 treatments and 5 replications were applied in this study. Treatment T0 = not fermented; T1 = fermentation for 10 days; T2 = fermentation for 24 days; T3 = fermentation for 38 days. Parameters observed were nutrient content, VFA, NH3, dry matter digestibility and organic matter digestibility in vitro using cow rumen. Results showed that fermention of complete feed with 2.5% EM4 starter and 5% probiofeed for 38 days (T3) had a significant effect (P<0.05) on nutrient content, dry matter digestibility, organic matter digestibility, VFA and NH3. The T3 significantly affected ash content, crude fat, crude protein, BETN, TDN, dry matter digestibility, organic matter digestibility, VFA, and NH3 but had no significant effect on water content and crude fiber. It is concluded that the complete feed could be used as an alternative feed for ruminants, and it is easy to obtain, cheap and able to reduce environmental pollution.
Nining Haryuni, Hartutik Hartutik, Eko Widodo, Sri Wahjuningsih
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner, Volume 26, pp 124-131; https://doi.org/10.14334/jitv.v26i3.2842

The side effect of fatty acid oxidation during lippoprotein synthesis is the release of oxygen in the tissue called reactive oxygen species (ROS). Metabolic stress in Joper brooders due to an imbalance between ROS and antioxidants causes a decrease in hatching egg production and quality. Therefore, research is needed to improve the reproductive performance of Joper broodstock by combining vitamin E-selenium supplementation and metabolic energy. This study used 200 hatched eggs resulting from a cross between 60 weeks old Sentul males and 35 weeks old ISA BROWN laying hens that had been treated. This study used a Factorial Completely Randomized Design (CRD) (2 x 4). The first factor is the energy level (2700 and 2800 kcal/kg) and the second factor is the dose of vitamin E-selenium supplementation (0, 25, 50, 75 and 100 ppm). Selenium dosage is 1ppm/mg vitamin E. The interaction between vitamin E-selenium supplementation and energy had a very significant effect (P<0.01) in increasing DOC weight. The single factor energy level and vitamin E-selenium supplementation significantly (p<0.05) in reducing embryo mortality and increasing hatchability, while fertility and eggshell quality were not affected by the two treatment factors. The conclusion of this study is the interaction between vitamin E-selenium supplementation and energy levels can increase the weight of Joper's DOC, while the single factor of vitamin E-selenium supplementation and energy levels can reduce embryo mortality and increase hatchability. The best interaction with 100 ppm vitamin E-selenium supplementation and energy 2800 kcal/kg.
Hasbi Hasbi, Herry Sonjaya, Sudirman Baco, Reski Amalia, Sri Gustina
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner, Volume 26, pp 108-114; https://doi.org/10.14334/jitv.v26i3.2851

Bali cattle are one of the original Indonesian germplasm, which in its development were found to be hornless or polled. Polled are Balinese cattle whose horns do not grow naturally, but have the same characteristics as those with horns. However, there are indications that polled have a lower libido. The purpose of this study was to determine the characteristics of libido and testosterone concentration after gonadotrophin releasing hormone (GnRH) injection. In this study each of 7 male polled and horned Bali cattle aged 3.5-6 years were used. Libido characteristics were observed by recording the first time the male fondled the teaser until ejaculation, while the testosterone concentration was measured using blood plasma taken on day 0 or before injection, day 7th, and day 14th after GnRH injection. Testosterone analysis used enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method. The results showed that the libido of polled was not different (P>0.05) compared to that of the horned on the 0, 7th and 14th days after GnRH injection. However, in polled on the 7th day after GnRH injection, it was significantly lower than on day 0 and 14, but on day 0 it was not different with day 14. Testosterone concentration on day 7 after injection of GnRH was not different (P>0.05) compared to day 0 both in polled and horned bulls, but on day 14 after injection was significantly higher (P<0.05) in horned than polled. In conclusion, polled and horned Bali bulls had high libido with a score of +1, but on the 7th day after GnRH injection, polled had lower libido than horns. The testosterone concentrations of polled and horned on day 7 after GnRH injection were not different compared to day 0, while the 14th day was higher in horned bull.
Merryafinola Ifani, Efka Aris Rimbawanto, Fransisca Maria Suhartati
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner, Volume 26, pp 96-107; https://doi.org/10.14334/jitv.v26i3.2829

The study was aimed to examine effect of protecting soybean meal using mahogany leaf extract on rumen fermentation products in vitro. The material used was cow rumen fluid, basal ration consisting of concentrate and elephant grass with a ratio of 60:40%, and mahogany leaves. The research was carried out in three stages: mahogany extraction, protein protection using mahogany extract, and in vitro stages. The test was conducted in vitro based on a completely randomized design (CRD). The treatments consisted of 4 kinds of soybean meal protection with 0% tannin concentration (T0); 1.5% (T1); 3% (T2); and 4.5% (T3). Data obtained were analyzed by analysis of variance and tested using orthogonal polynomials. Results showed that addition of protected soybean meal with mahogany leaf extract had a cubical effect on partial VFA, methane gas and post-rumen dissolved protein, a quadratic effect on protozoa, and a linear effecton N-NH3, SPM, and RUDP. Giving extra mahogany leaves at a level of 1.5% produced a fermented product that was not different from the control while giving a level of 3% got the highest fermentation product. Giving mahogany leaf extract at a level of 4.5% resulted in the highest SPM, and RUDP but there was a decrease in soluble protein, which indicated the occurrence of overprotection. The addition of 3% mahogany leaf extract effectively increased rumen fermentation products, RUDP, and soluble protein without disturbing the activity of rumen bacteria.
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