ISSN / EISSN : 20853475 / 25409972
Current Publisher: universitas airlangga (10.20473)
Total articles ≅ 82
Latest articles in this journal
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 7, pp 34-45; doi:10.20473/jpk.v7.i1.2019.34-45
Abstract:Background: Diarrhea is an illness which characterized by changed in shape, consistency of the stool and with excessive bowel frequency (more than 3 times within a day). Diarrhea disease is the third contributor of children’s morbidity and mortality rate around the world. Purpose: This study aims to analyzing factors that caused diarrhea’s cases. This research were an observational analytic type. Sampling technique were used random sampling / probability sampling. Methods: Data were analyzed by chi-square test. Data collection techniques were divided into primary data (direct observation and questionnaire) and secondary data (journals and articles). Results: On this research showed theres no significant correlation between sex, age, education, income, hand washing behavior using soap, clean water facility and trashbin condition with diarrhea occurrence during last 3 months in RW.VI Kelurahan Rangkah Buntu, Surabaya. There were a significant relation between cleaning up the environment, making and consuming oralit, and the behavior of handwashing with soap before meals at the rate of diarrhea cases during the last 3 months in RW VI Kelurahan Rangkah Buntu, Surabaya. Conclusion: theres no significant correlation between social demography, behavior using soap, clean water facility and trasbin and a significant relation between clean up the environtment, behavior handwashing, making and consuming oralit during the last 3 month in RW VI Kelurahan Rangkah Buntu, Surabaya.
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 7, pp 113-123; doi:10.20473/jpk.v7.i1.2019.113-123
Abstract:Background: Family Planning Program is a program that can be adopted by men and women but for male participation is still low that is 0.3%. In Surabaya, the target of vasectomy from 31 sub-districts is only 8 districts (26%) who have reached the target of active participants of KB Vasectomy. Kenjeran sub-district is one of the sub-districts that has reached the target of vasectomy and has family vasectomy group which has active participants. Purpose: The aims of this study was to identify the factors oh male participation in vasectomy contraception in the Kenjeran District of Surabaya. Methods: The design of this research is qualitative research with phenomenology approach. The research informants were 9 people, 6 were key informants ie men who followed KB vasectomy and 3 additional informants, the wife of the key informant. Results: The results showed the number of informants as many as 9 people with age range elderly. The predisposing factor showed good knowledge, attitude and belief about vasectomy method. The reinforcing factors showed most informants have the support of the wives and the male family planning group who has a role as a motivator and disseminator. The affordability cost and good service are enabling factors, men, to participate in the vasectomy method. Conclusion: The conclusion of this research is informant has the desire to participate in KB vasectomy, proved by the finding of factors that support man to do KB vasectomy.
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 7, pp 105-112; doi:10.20473/jpk.v7.i1.2019.105-112
Abstract:Background: Breakfast is an important activity for people of all ages, including teenagers, before starting their daily activities. There are many benefits of breakfast that can be felt by the body, but some studies showed that some teens have a poor breakfast habit. Purpose: This research was conducted to analyze the effect of social support on breakfast behavior in teenager in the Sidoarjo Islamic State Senior High School (SHS). Methods: This study was an analytic observational study with cross-sectional. The population of this study were 906 teenagers of 11th and 12th grade who were registered as active students in Sidoarjo Islamic State SHS in 2018/2019, while for the sample were 442 teenagers in that school who were willing to be respondents of the study. The sample was taken through cluster random sampling technique. Results: The results showed that 44.1% of respondents had moderate breakfast behavior and 53.8% of respondents had high social support to have breakfast. Good breakfast behavior tends to be more owned by respondents who have high social support, which is 35.3%. Based on the ordinal regression test results, there is an influence of social support on breakfast behavior in teenagers at Sidoarjo Islamic State SHS with Sig. = 0.011. Parents tend to give big contribution to breakfast behavior in teenagers in Sidoarjo Islamic State SHS, namely giving idea of having breakfast, preparing food for breakfast, telling them to have breakfast, and explaining the importance of having breakfast so that the form of social support from parents already includes emotional, informational, instrumental, and appreciation support. Friends also have a contribution to breakfast behavior in teenagers even though it only includes emotional support (explaining the importance of having breakfast) and informational (explaining the importance of having breakfast). Conclusion: The conclusion of this study is social support from parents and friends can influence breakfast behavior in teenagers in Sidoarjo Islamic State SHS.
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 7, pp 12-21; doi:10.20473/jpk.v7.i1.2019.12-21
Abstract:Background: The workplace is every room where the workers work with various sources of danger. Hazards that can occur include fire, work accidents and occupational diseases. Fire may occur due to electrical short circuit, human negligence and ignition of flammable liquids and gases. Workers who throw cigarettes carelessly become a trigger of fire and even blasting at work. Therefore, the government made a policy on restrictions on the use of cigarettes in the workplace, the Non Smoking Area. Although regulations relating to non smoking areas have been established and legalized, there are still non smoking area violations. PT. PAL Indonesia (Persero) has had regulations related to non smoking areas that have been applied in the company. But in some places still found a cigarette butts are scattered. This indicates that there are still workers who smoke indiscriminately and do not throw cigarette butts to the proper place. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to analyze factors relates to non smoking area adherence at PT. PAL Indonesia (Persero) in terms of Milgram’s Obedience theory. Methods: The method in this research is analytic observasional with quantitative approach and cross sectional research design. Results: The results of this study indicate that factors related to obedience of non smoking area are personal responsibility with a significant value of 0,031 (p
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 7, pp 1-11; doi:10.20473/jpk.v7.i1.2019.1-11
Abstract:Implementing clean and healthy living behaviors is useful to prevent, cope and protect against disease threats and utilize quality health services, effective and efficient. Hand washing with soap is an indicator of clean and healthy living behavior. Washing hands with soap can prevent various diseases. One of them is diarrhea. The fingers can be the pathway for pathogens, bacteria or viruses that can cause diarrhea. Therefore, hand washing becomes one of effective and efficient prevention efforts to avoid the occurrence of disease. Purpose: This research has a purpose to know the relationship between knowledge and attitude towards hand washing action in RW III Pegirian Village Semampir District Surabaya. Methods: This research used descriptive method with Simple Random Sampling technique, samples of 84 respondents. The independent variables in this study consisted of knowledge of handwashing and attitude towards hand washing. The dependent variable in this research is hand washing action. The collected data were analyzed using spearman correlation test with the aim of knowing the relationship and strong relationship of research subjects. Results: The result of this research is the correlation between knowledge with hand washing with p value 0,009 with strong correlation with correlation coefficient 0,282. And there is a relationship between attitude to hand washing with hand washing result p value sebasar 0,017 and strong relationship is strong with correlation coefficient 0,271. Conclusion: There is a relationship between knowledge and attitudes with the act of hands washing and strong relationships are strong.
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 7, pp 22-33; doi:10.20473/jpk.v7.i1.2019.22-33
Abstract:Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever is still one of the major public health problems in Indonesia. In 2016, the number of deaths in East Java due to dengue as much as 339 people or 1.4% of total patients. At the end of 2017, 4 cases of dengue fever were found in the RW.VI, Rangkah Buntu Village, Surabaya. One of the causes of dengue is the presence of larvae. The purpose of this study to analyze the factors that affecting the presence of larvae in Rangkah Buntu Village. This research is an observational analytic research with quantitative approach. The study included cross sectional with a sample of 211 respondents. The sampling technique used is simple random sampling. The independent variables in this study were education, income, knowledge, attitude, 3M+, hanging dirty clothes for more than one day, draining the bath at least once a week and cleaning the house. And the dependent variable is the presence of larvae. Data collection techniques are divided into primary data (direct observation and questionnaire) and secondary data (journals and articles). Then the data were analyzed by chi square test with the help of SPSS program to see the influencing factor. The results of this study indicate that the knowledge, activity of draining the bath tub at least once a week and hanging dirty clothes more than one day have an influence with the presence of larvae (chi square obtained p <α (α = 0,05)).
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 7, pp 100-104; doi:10.20473/jpk.v7.i1.2019.100-104
Abstract:Background: Health promotion is an effort to distribute health messages to all levels of society. In order for the achievement of the main purpose of health promotion , media or tools are needed so health promotion becomes effective and efficient. The lack of availability of health promotion media especially in elementary schools is still low, so that it affects the low condition of student knowledge and attitudes in healthy behaviors. Purpose: This study was aimed to determine the availability of health promotion media in elementary schools (SD) in Kramatwatu District, Serang Regency, Banten Province. Methods: This study was conducted on December 2017 to July 2018 with a total sample of 31 elementary schools. The study uses a descriptive design that is described in depth about the availability of health promotion media in elementary schools. Results: The results showed that out of 31 elementary schools located in Kramatwatu sub-district, it was found that 64.5% of elementary schools had health promotion media, 29.0% of elementary schools stated that the type of health promotion media were posters, 19.4% were available as health promotional media in book form. A total of 38.7% stated that the number of health promotion media was lacking, 25.8% of the number of health promotion media was sufficient. The health promotion media that are most often accessed by elementary school students were books (67.7%). Conclusion: the availability of health promotion media in elementary schools of Kramatwatu District is still categorized as low.
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 7, pp 88-99; doi:10.20473/jpk.v7.i1.2019.88-99
Abstract:Background: Noise has an impact on hearing loss and decreased power. Therefore the need for noise control one of them by using the ear protector. However, some studies have been done that workers who do not use personal protective equipment as the highest risk compared with others. It is necessary to change the behaviour of workers who do not use personal protective equipment to be obedient in using personal protective equipment. Purpose: the aims of this study to identify several factors that encourage obedient behaviour toward the use of ear protector in PT. Pupuk Kalimantan Timur. Methods: This research method using descriptive research by using Primary and secondary data. Primary data collected from in-depth interview and observation. Results: The results of the study explained that all operators of ammonia and urea compressors of PT. Pupuk Kalimantan Timur was Already Compliant in using ear protection. However, there are still a number of factors that are less appropriate. The driving factors are knowledge of noise engineering control, the direct impact of noise, intensity and duration of exposure. Conclusion: The driving factors are knowledge of noise engineering control, the direct impact of noise, intensity and duration of exposure.
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 7, pp 67-77; doi:10.20473/jpk.v7.i1.2019.67-77
Abstract:Background: Basic immunization is the first immunization that should be given to everyone, especially infants and children from birth to protect lifes from dangerous diseases. The immunization program in Indonesia requires every infant (0-11 months) to receive complete basic immunization consist of 1 dose of Hepatitis B, 1 dose of BCG, 3 doses of DPT-HB-Hib, 4 doses of polio, and 1 dose of measles. Basic Immunization in RW 8 Wonokusumo Urban Village in 2017 has not reached the target. Only 73 infants (67%) of 108 have received complete basic immunization which the target of Puskesmas is 95%. This study aims to know the correlation of knowledge, attitude and mother perception with the basic immunization status in Wonokusumo. This study is an observational analytic research with quantitative approach. The study was cross sectional with a sample of 39 respondents. The sampling technique used is purposive sampling. Respondents in this study are mothers who have children under three and have KMS in RW 8 Wonokusumo Urban Village. Primary data collection techniques obtained from questionnaires while secondary data obtained from Wonokusumo Puskesmas and Surabaya City Health Office reports .The result of bivariate statistic test shows that there is correlation between knowledge, attitude, and mother perception with the immunization status of children under three with p = 0,001 (p < 0,05). Conclusion: There is correlation between knowledge, attitude, and mother perception with the basic immunization status in RW 8, Wonokusumo Village.
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 7, pp 46-55; doi:10.20473/jpk.v7.i1.2019.46-55
Abstract:Background: School is one of the important institution to implementing health promotion program. The problem that need to be noticed is low awareness to wash hands with running water and soap among students. Purpose: The aim of this research is to describe knowledge, attitudes, practice, facility availability, and the teacher’s role to support handwashing with soap (HWS) habit among students at Madrasah Ibtidaiyah (MI) Taswirul Afkar Surabaya.Methods: This study used observational descriptive method. The population were students in 4th until 6th grade. Results: Results of the study showed that the majority of students (49.1%) had good knowledge. Regarding the attitudes, the majority of students (66.7%) had positive attitudes and most of them (78.4%) had good practices on handwashing with soap. The majority of respondents (56.8%) get support from teachers such as counseling. The teachers was not always controlling the facility availability of handwashing (94.1%) and carrying out supervision handwashing with soap practices among students (76.5%). Based on observations, it is found that washbasin is only available in the schoolyard and four bathroom rooms. Conclusion: Student’s knowledge, attitude, and Practice about handwashing with soap in a good category. There is counseling from teachers and there is no control on handwashing facilities.