ISSN / EISSN : 2085-3475 / 2540-9972
Published by: Universitas Airlangga (10.20473)
Total articles ≅ 128
Latest articles in this journal
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 9, pp 69-78; doi:10.20473/jpk.v9.i1.2021.69-78
Background: The Elderly is an age group that has decreased organ function which is susceptible to various diseases. The elderly also experience physical decline which can affect personal hygiene and health care behavior. Objective: To determine the factors that affect the personal hygiene and health care of the elderly. Method: Personal hygiene referred to in this study was hygiene to care for the whole body including skin, feet, teeth, nails, and hair. This study was a systematic review of studies with primary data related to factors affecting personal hygiene and health care for the elderly. The study was conducted on 35 international journals. Results: Personal hygiene of the elderly are feet. Factors that influence their hygiene on demographic factors include residence, education, source of income, gender, age, and knowledge. Factors affecting elderly hygiene on personal characteristic factors include need assistance, perceived benefits, disease, frequency of cleansing, self-efficacy, physical change, degree of independence, mobility, and self-motivation. Factors affecting them on facilities and infrastructure factors supporters include equipment, care services facilities, equipment, distance to care service facilities, social support, and practical conditions. Factors affecting on healthy program factors include training, education caregiver, motivation caregiver, health promotion, health information seeking, satisfaction, informal care, behavioral programs, utilization, and functional health literacy. Conclusion: Factors affecting personal hygiene and health care for the elderly include demographics, characteristics of the elderly, supporting facilities, and infrastructure and health programs. Dominant factor affecting personal hygiene and health care for elderly are educational, residence, and income source.
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 9, pp 79-90; doi:10.20473/jpk.v9.i1.2021.79-90
Background: Health promotion is an effort to improve the society's ability in order to make people empower themselves. Exclusive breastfeeding/ASI eksklusif is the practice of giving breast milk to infants for the first six months of life (without any additional food or water) a preventive intervention that addresses the single greatest potential impact on child mortality. Objective: To analyze the impact of the availability and unavailability of program policy that support exclusive breastfeeding in improving the implementation of exclusive breastfeeding policy. Method: The method used in this research was a systematic review technique. The process of searching for articles through Sagepub, Google, and Google Scholar. The keywords used were breastfeeding policy, breastfeeding policy and health promotion, breastfeeding health promotion, workplace breastfeeding policy, and maternity leaves starting from February 20, 2020, to April 15, 2020, and found 153 articles which were then sorted into 35 articles. The articles discussed the implementation of the exclusive breastfeeding program (10), the exclusive breastfeeding policy (12), and the impacts arising from the exclusive breastfeeding policy (13) with articles in Indonesian (10) and English (25). Results: The found policy that have not been implemented by the Indonesian government are policies that adopt the latest version of The International Code of Marketing of Breas Milk Substitutes. Weak implementation of follow-up on sanctions and fines if it violates applicable policy. Conclusion: The exclusive breastfeeding program carried out by Indonesia is still in the scope of classes for pregnant women, companion groups, exclusive breastfeeding socialization, and breastfeeding motivator training. Social, economic, and cultural factors are other supporting factors related to exclusive breastfeeding success.
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 9, pp 1-10; doi:10.20473/jpk.v9.i1.2021.1-10
Background: Narcotics are substances or drugs that are natural, synthetic, or semi-synthetic that cause unconsciousness, hallucinations, and excitability. Drugs abuse survey results in 2017 in 34 provinces in Indonesia show that there are 3,376,115 people who use drugs. Purpose: The purpose of writing this article was finding out the source of cadres’ self-efficacy in preventing drugs abuse in Surabaya’s high schools. Method: This research method was a descriptive study with a qualitative approach. The informants of this study were high school students who were still active as anti-drugs cadres. The criteria for informant inclusion in this study were all high school students who were peer educators or anti-drug ambassadors in high schools in the North Surabaya area. When the study was conducted in October 2018 to June 2019. The method of data collection was in-depth interviews. Results: The results of this study were the source of self-efficacy of anti-drugs abuse cadres based on experience, observations of other individuals, verbal persuasion, and emotional and psychological conditions. The experience of the cadres included being a peer counsellor in drugs prevention, having participated in anti-drug communities, and experiencing following anti-drugs socialization. Component of experience through observation of other people, cadres did not make observations on people who had the same ability, but observations were made to people around cadres who had been involved in drug abuse. Components of verbal persuasion in this study concluded that there are others who always support all decisions and situations experienced by cadres, namely social support from teachers, parents, and peers. The Emotional/Physiological States component, namely the cadres in carrying out their duties felt happy because they have many positive changes and did not experience anxiety or pressure, which made them have positive self-efficacy. Conclusion: Sources of self-efficacy of anti-drugs abuse cadres are based on past experiences, observations of other individuals, verbal persuasion, and emotional and physiological conditions.
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 9, pp 18-27; doi:10.20473/jpk.v9.i1.2021.18-27
Background: Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infection (CAUTI) is one of the most common infections in the hospital. In order to prevent and control CAUTI incidence, nurses are required to implement bundles of prevention. However, the lack of nurses’ compliance behavior in implementing the CAUTI bundle prevention was found. Objective: This study analyzes the nurse’s compliance behavior in implementing CAUTI prevention using the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) approach. Methods: This study was an analytical descriptive study with a cross-sectional design. Nurses who work in ICU, ICCU, HCU, and in-patient unit of the hospital were set as study population and taken as samples using simple random sampling. Background factors (age, education, knowledge, employment duration, career levels), attitudes, subjective norms, Perceived Behavior Control (PBC), and intention were determined as independent variables. In contrast, nurses’ compliance behavior in CAUTI prevention bundle implementation was determined as the dependent variable. Data were collected using a questionnaire and analyzed using logistic regression with a significance level of α < 0.05. Results: Among 111 nurses, most of them are in the age of 26-45 years (80.1%), has worked as a nurse for 8-13 years (29.7%), reach career level at Clinical Nurse 3 (51.4%), and have good knowledge about CAUTI prevention bundle (83.8%). The employment duration and career levels are background factors that correlate the most to the TPB factors. The nurses’ compliance behavior is influenced by attitude, subjective norm, PBC, and intention (P Value= 0.000). Multivariate analysis shows that intention is associated with nurses’ compliance behavior and increases nurses’ commitment to implement CAUTI prevention bundle (P Value= 0.033, OR= 6.46). Conclusion: The intention simultaneously influences the nurses’ compliance behavior.
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 9, pp 44-49; doi:10.20473/jpk.v9.i1.2021.44-49
Background: COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia has not ended yet. Since the New Habit Adaptation, previously known as the New Normal, employees have started return to work in offices. At the end of July 2020, the addition of new cases received a large number of contributions from employees working in the office, raising a new cluster known as the office cluster. Objective: This study aimed to analyze the association between characteristics and practice of preventing the transmission of COVID-19 among employees in Purwokerto, Central Java. Methods: This is a quantitative study with a cross-sectional design. Online data collection was conducted in early August 2020. The variables were the respondents’ characteristics (gender, age, occupation, and income) and the practice of COVID-19 prevention among employees in the office (wearing a mask, maintaining physical distance, handwashing, opening doors and windows for air circulation). Fifty-seven employees started working in offices in Purwokerto who were involved in this research. Results: Most respondents were adults (82.5%), women (70.2%), working as private employees (77.2%) with an income above the minimum wage (73.7%). Almost all respondents have widely adopted the practice of washing hands (86%) and using masks (98.2%) since the pandemic’s emergence. However, many employees were unable to perform physical distancing (26.3%), stayed away from the crowd (29.8%), opened workspace doors/windows (56.1%), and tried to work outdoor (86%). There is no association between characteristics and prevention practice. Private companies need to tighten their health protocols and monitoring. They should provide rewards and punishments for employees who did not obey the regulation. Also, local governments need to supervise all companies in their area to enforce health protocols seriously.
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 9, pp 36-43; doi:10.20473/jpk.v9.i1.2021.36-43
Background: Social media marketing has become one of the most widely used forms of digital marketing in social marketing. Organizations that drive change in young people, such as the Center for Indonesia's Strategic Development Initiatives (CISDI), rely heavily on social media marketing in communicating various health issues to the public. However, only a few studies have used social media related data to understand the effectiveness of this media in the delivery of health issues. Objective: This study aims to analyze the utilization of social media marketing conducted by CISDI for delivering health messages and its impact to young adult in Indonesia using social media analytics. Methods: Real-time data were obtained through Keyhole as a social media analytics tool and audience insight of online and offline classes used for social analytic in this study. This research monitored the use of CISDI’s social media by using audience metrics and individual post metrics collected from April 2019 to April 2020. Online and offline class audience data were obtained from the CISDI engagement database which was used as a complement to audience metrics information. Analysis of metrics was used to describe the audience that had been reached by the Center for Indonesia's Strategic Development Initiatives, how health messages could engage with the groups of audience, and how social media marketing can move the audience. Results: The result of this study shows that social media utilization for delivering health messages brought impact on audience participation. Currently trending issues, such as sex education (average engagement rate = 14,43%). By promoting through social media, CISDI has engaged 10266 audience to participate in their classes. Conclusion: Social media utilization benefit CISDI in engaging audience and move them to participate in their cause.
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 9, pp 11-17; doi:10.20473/jpk.v9.i1.2021.11-17
Background: Hypertension is a hidden threat since it often occurs without symptoms. Hypertension disease is the main cause of stroke and heart disease, which affects most of the world’s population. The prevalence of hypertension in developed countries is quite high by 37% while in developing countries by 29.9%. Purpose: To know the hypertension patients’ profile at Puskesmas Waru, Pamekasan on January to December 2018. Method: This research method used an observational descriptive-qualitative study with a case study research design. The sample was taken with total sampling method from 220 people. Results: Among 220 people, who was diagnosed by hypertension was mostly at 45-65 years old by 57.3% and female by 62.3%. For educational factors they mostly had junior high school education by 34.5%. Whereas for the occupational factor more often occured in housewives by 36.8%. Most of their main problems were headache by 41.8%. The most of hypertension diagnosed type is primary hypertension by 42% and Stage 2 hypertension by 55.4% then also followed by family comorbidity by 60%. Conclusion: The aging process in women creates the hormonal factors that trigger the occurrence of hypertension. This is because at the age of 45, blood vessels will start to narrow and become stiff. The lack of education causes the receiving process of information become not maximum so that it will impact on health status and one of the causes is due to the stress that is experienced by many housewives. Stress causes the headaches. Therefore, mostly hypertension patients have the headache. Most hypertension cases occur without any definite cause and with Stage 2 and the presence of family comorbidity due to genetic factors that influence it.
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 9, pp 28-35; doi:10.20473/jpk.v9.i1.2021.28-35
Background: Self Efficacy of breastfeeding greatly affects the achievement of exclusive breastfeeding so that makes the success rate of exclusive breastfeeding in nursing mothers is high. For first-time mothers to give birth and breastfeed their babies (Primigravida) and are at work, identification of the level of self-efficacy of breastfeeding becomes an influential thing. Time constraints, work fatigue, and psychological factors are some of the factors that influence one's level of confidence in doing something. Objective: The purpose of this study is to analyze the Self Efficacy of Primigravida working mothers in the success of breastfeeding. Method: This study used a qualitative design with a phenomenological approach. Data collection was carried out by using in-depth interviews and interview guidance instruments. In-depth interviews were conducted with six informants, namely Primigravida mothers who were still actively working and had children aged 0-6 months. Results: The study showed that the Self Efficacy in the informants was classified as insufficient. This is proven by the fact that of the six informants, none succeeded in giving breast milk for up to six months, they only succeeded in giving breast milk for less than one month. Working mothers experience several problems such as work fatigue and stress that affect the of breast milk, and there is a perception that inadequate milk can affect the success of breastfeeding. Psychological factors of mothers who are less supportive to give exclusive breastfeeding are one of the factors that influence one's level of confidence in doing something. Conclusion: The failure of breastfeeding for up to six months is influenced by several factors namely inadequate Self Efficacy, working mothers who experience fatigue and stress, poor milk production, limited information obtained and fear of fussy babies.
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 9, pp 59-68; doi:10.20473/jpk.v9.i1.2021.59-68
Background: The National Narcotics Board or Badan Narkotika Nasional (BNN) survey results found the prevalence of drug abuse in 2015 amount 42,900 people, and an increase of 20.84% in 2016, which amounted to 51,840 people. As a result of drug abuse, drug abusers often experience health problems both physically and mentally due to the influence of drugs or the environment that makes drug abusers depressed. One of the health treatments for drug abusers that can be done to motivate drug abusers is to provide family support. The family is a source of social support because, in family relationships, mutual trust is created. Objective: This research was conducted to determine how the family’s role based on Kroenke helped to recover the health of drug abusers from deciding to stop drug abuse. The government can later consider this research’s benefits in creating a family-based drug abuse prevention and recovery program. Methods: This study uses a review of international articles. The articles used are twenty articles published in the last ten years. Result: Research shows that the family’s role in helping recovering drug users’ health drug users’ health is different but still has the same goal. Support provided is based on the cause of individuals to commit drug abuse. Support could be provided in the form of assessment support, instrumental, informational, and social. A good family role’s functioning makes the recovery process more effective because an addict will feel motivated by their support. Conclusion: The research conducted that the family’s role is essential for the recovery of the health of drug addicts, providing a stimulus for change to stop drug abuse. The family’s ability and function in explaining the addict’s self-control varies according to how the response and the intensity of family support provided to the addict.
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 9, pp 50-58; doi:10.20473/jpk.v9.i1.2021.50-58
Background: Emerging Internet technologies are now creeping into the game arena. Increased incidence of gaming addiction is felt in the world, and no doubt in Indonesia could have an impact as well, especially in an adolescent. In Makassar, found the incidence of internet games disorders by 30% in high school children. Therefore, internet games eventually became an important issue in the world of health to the WHO (World Health Organization) and making it the responsibility of the world. The state has a duty and responsibility in preventing health problems caused by the development of internet gaming in Indonesia. Internet Gaming Disorder is a mental problem that should be considered in adolescents, and even no single governing restrictions on the use of internet gaming and prevention programs for adolescents in Indonesia. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore the problem of Internet Gaming disorder by describing programs that have been implemented by countries outside Indonesia in terms of health promotion for adolescents. Methods: This study was a literature review of several journals, thesis, as well as patient data reports Internet Gaming disorder in Indonesia and the world. Result: The result is a necessary regulation involving adolescents, parents, schools, governments, and public health officials to regulate Internet gaming restrictions to prevent Internet Gaming Disorder as has been done in China, Hong Kong, Iran, and Switzerland which can be adopted in Indonesia. Conclusion: The problem of Internet gaming disorder being ordered must be a concern of government and cross-sectoral to prevent the development of this problem in Indonesia as a protective way for adolescents.