ISSN / EISSN : 2085-3475 / 2540-9972
Current Publisher: Universitas Airlangga (10.20473)
Total articles ≅ 118
Latest articles in this journal
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 8, pp 172-181; doi:10.20473/jpk.v8.i2.2020.172-181
Background: Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is still one of the major public health problems in Indonesia. With the increasing mobility and population density, the number of people and vast distribution area is increasing. Village of Tawanganom is one endemic region, for three consecutive years, there is an incidence of dengue. The incidence of dengue can be influenced by several aspects, including vectors, climate change, environment, mobility of people, and people's behavior. The participation of health workers and community leaders become important related behavior. These include the role of motivation, coordination, policy implementation, as well as healthy behaviors. Objective: This study aimed to determine the role of health workers and community leaders in response to the incidence of dengue in the Village Tawanganom. Methods: Using qualitative research with a phenomenological approach, as well as in-depth interviews carried out with supporting data, the number of informants were 13 informants. Consisting of health professionals that the holder of dengue program, Health Promotor, and village midwives, community leaders the Head of the village, RW, as well as health cadres. Results: The motivation of public figures came from the concern over them because of the many cases of DHF and personal experiences of informants and families. Health workers motivate people to do counseling, which was supported because of responsibility as health professionals. Coordination has been made with the relevant sectors. Reporting cases of executed massively and focused. Implementation of policies in the prevention of dengue fever has been carried out based dengue prevention program Magetan District Health Office. Healthy behavior is shown with dengue prevention measures such as 3M Plus, giving abate powder in the bathroom, as well as maintaining the cleanliness of the home environment. Conclusion: The motivation to do a public figure driven intrinsic motivation of the individuals themselves, while medical personnel with extrinsic motivation based on the responsibility as health workers to encourage people to do the prevention of dengue. Coordination has been carried out massively and regularly within the scope of cross-fertilization. Implementation of policies based on the program of the Health Service Magetan. Healthy behavior implemented preventive and promotive measures.
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 8, pp 146-153; doi:10.20473/jpk.v8.i2.2020.146-153
Background: Abnormalities of the heart and blood vessels marked by an increase in blood pressure are known as hypertension. Worldwide, high blood pressure is estimated to affect more than one in three adults aged 25 years and over, or about one billion people. Overall, high-income countries have a lower prevalence of hypertension (35% of adults) than low and middle-income groups (40% of adults). The prevalence of hypertension in Indonesia based on the Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) data in 2018 was 34.1%. Objective: This study determines the relationship of family support, social support, and health worker support with compliance of hypertensive patients. Methods: This research was conducted at the Tegal Gundil Community Health Center, North Bogor District, Bogor City, Indonesia, which was conducted from May to December 2017. The design of this study was cross-sectional. Sampling was carried out with a purposive sampling method with inclusion and exclusion criteria. The former consisted of all hypertensive patients aged 25-65 years who routinely control during the last six months who are present and willing to be interviewed during the study. The later includes hypertensive patients who have memory disorders with the number of samples of 110 respondents. Results: The results showed the respondents were dominated by the age of under 59 (75.5%), female (86.4%), junior high school as the highest education (68.2%), have no job (81.8%), and the prevalence of their sufferers’ compliance was 47.3%. The results of the Chi-square test showed that family support, social environment, and health workers were associated with compliance in hypertensive patients (OR = 2.461; CI 95% 1.140 to 5.310; P Value = 0.034). Conclusion: In order to improve compliance of patients with hypertension, it is necessary to pursue a program of activities focused on health promotion activities not only for patients but also involving family and social members.
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 8, pp 190-197; doi:10.20473/jpk.v8.i2.2020.190-197
Background: Overweight and obesity are two of the main non-communicable disease risks, causing mortalities in developed and developing countries. Obesity is a condition of excessive body fat, which causes overnutrition and obesity in children increases each year. Child obesity raises physical health problems that have the impact on the quality of life and the child’s body development. Moreover, it potentially makes children suffer from diseases. Purpose: This study aims to identify the related factors of preventive behavior for obesity among elementary school students in Surabaya by using the Health Belief Model Theory. Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study, which involved 104 elementary school students in fourth and fifth grade in SD Dr. Soetomo V, Surabaya as samples. These samples were taken with simple random sampling. The independent variables in this study were perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, self-efficacy and cues to action. While the dependent variable was preventive behavior for obesity. Data were analyzed by using double logistic regression after the candidates selectionwith p
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 8, pp 163-171; doi:10.20473/jpk.v8.i2.2020.163-171
Background: One of the efforts made by the government to reduce the rate of population growth was through the Family Planning program. Many contraceptive methods are used by Fertile Age Couples (FAC), including the Long-Term Contraception Method (MKJP) and the non-Long-Term Contraception Method (non-MKJP). Low interest in fertile-couples for long-term use of contraception cannot be separated from family support to use these contraceptives. There is a need for an understanding of MKJP for FAC. Family support was defined as the attitude, actions, and acceptance of the family of its members. Family members see that those who are supportive are always ready to provide help and assistance. With family support, FAC can easily decide which contraception will be used. Objective: The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship of family social support to the interest of FAC in using the long-term contraception method in RW 5, Sidotopo Village. Methods: This research was an observational analytic study using a cross-sectional research design. The sample of this research consists of 48 participants, taken randomly using multistage random sampling. The research instrument was in the form of a questionnaire. Then, the data were analyzed using the Chi-square test. Results: The characteristics of family planning acceptors in RW 5 of the Sidotopo sub-district starting from the dominating age are 21-35 years old with high school as the highest level of education. The income level in the area is middle to the upper level from 2 million to 5 million rupiahs per month. Based on the results of statistical tests, there is a correlation between family instrumental social support with the interest of Fertile Age Couples to use MKJP. Conclusion: Based on the results of the bivariate test using Chi-Square, it was found that between the four support variables, only one of them has a relationship that is instrumental support. The results of this study can be used as a rationale for policymaking in order to increase the number of long-term family planning acceptors.
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 8, pp 238-252; doi:10.20473/jpk.v8.i2.2020.238-252
Background: Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) was a global problem widespread in many countries. Komisi Perlindungan Anak Indonesia or Indonesian Children Protection Commission (KPAI) recorded as many as 1.880 children become victims of sexual abuse such as rape, fornication, sodomy and paedophilia. The Government of Indonesia become made become efforts both national and international scale, but there is no effective and applicable program that has been implemented. Objective: The purpose of this article was to analyse the programs had been implemented to prevent sexual violence against children. Method: This article was a literature study by examining 38 articles related to the program against child abuse. The researcher was looking for reference sources from the Science Direct, Sage pub and Google Scholar online become. The keywords used were Child Sex Abuse Prevention Program, Parenting Program, Parent Training, Parent Intervention, Maltreatment, Violence, and Violence Prevention. Result: In children, programs that had been implemented include C-SAPE; IGEL; Train the trainer; BST; A program for minorities in Australia; Cool and Safe. For parents, the programs that had been applied include ACT-RSK; Triple-P; RETHINK; The Incredible Years Parents, Teachers, and Children Training Series; PACE; The Making Choices and Strong Families; The African Migrant Parenting; Strengthening Families; 123 Magic; PDEP and FAST. Conclusion: The sexual violence prevention program for children that can be implemented by the Indonesian government was using teaching methods based on school curricula that can be delivered by teachers. For parent, the program that could be implemented by the Indonesian government was using positive parenting methods that focus on preventing sexual violence against children and delivered by expert facilitators. To reach children and families with different cultural backgrounds, the Indonesian government could adapt sexual violence prevention programs for the Australian minorities and The African Migrant Parenting.
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 8, pp 219-227; doi:10.20473/jpk.v8.i2.2020.219-227
Background: Garbage is one of the unsolved problems in Indonesia. Riskesdas data for 2018 show that 63.2% of the quality of household waste management in Indonesia is in a bad category. The landfill site in Magetan Regency is currently overloaded. The waste bank is an alternative solution for solving problems. Tawanganom Village, Magetan District, Magetan Regency, won the Regency Level Healthy Village Competition in 2017 with fifth community association (RW 5) as the competition representative because it fulfilled the criteria of the championship, namely the existence of a waste bank. It is inseparable from the active role and social support of community leaders who motivate the community to participate in waste bank management. Objectives: Describe the role of community leaders as motivators in supporting waste bank management, including emotional support, appreciation, instrumental, and information. Methods: The method used in this research is qualitative with a case study approach. In-depth interviews were conducted with informants consisting of housewives and community leaders involved in waste bank activities. The determination of informants was carried out purposively with in-depth interviews using an interview guide. Results: It shows that the role of community leaders as motivators significantly affects the sustainability of the waste bank in RW 5, Tawanganom Village, Magetan Regency. Community leaders show patience in guiding the community, providing appreciation and various rewards so that the community feels proud and appreciated, and enables the community to move independently in managing the waste bank. Conclusion: The role of community leaders as motivators impacts increasing community participation in waste bank management. The waste bank can run smoothly, supported by the attention and concern of the local government and community leaders who are aggressively providing information and suggestions related to waste bank management.
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 8, pp 182-189; doi:10.20473/jpk.v8.i2.2020.182-189
Background: Below the Red Line is the main cause of death among children
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 8, pp 154-162; doi:10.20473/jpk.v8.i2.2020.154-162
Latar Belakang: Anemia merupakan masalah gizi pada remaja putri yang perlu dicegah dan ditanggulangi karena akan berdampak pada periode 1000 Hari Pertama Kehidupan (HPK). Pemerintah memprioritaskan program suplementasi Tablet Tambah Darah (TTD) remaja putri dan Wanita Usia Subur (WUS) untuk menurunkan prevalensi anemia pada kelompok tersebut. Salah satu indicator keberhasilan program tersebut yakni kepatuhan remaja putri dalam mengonsumsi TTD. Perilaku seorang individu dapat diprediksi dari niat individu tersebut yang dirumuskan dalam Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). Tujuan: Menganalisis hubungan kontrol perilaku dengan niat patuh dalam mengonsumsi TTD secara teratur. Metode: Jenis penelitian ini adalah analitik observasional dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Sampel berjumlah 328 remaja putri yang diambil dengan metode stratified proporsional random sampling. Variabel penelitian adalah persepsi kontrol perilaku dan niat patuh minum TTD yang dianalisis dengan uji statistik Chi-Square. Hasil: Hasil penelitian ini didapatkan 51,2% responden berumur ≤ 13 tahun, 85,7% responden mengalami pubertas yang normal, dan 85,4% responden mengalami gejala anemia yang rendah serta mayoritas 81,4% responden memiliki status gizi normal. Terdapat hubungan antara kontrol perilaku (P Value= 0,000; OR= 3,906; 95 % Cl= 1,906-6,640) dengan niat patuh konsumsi TTD teratur. Kesimpulan: Remaja yang memiliki kontrol perilaku yang kuat akan memiliki niat patuh konsumsi TTD teratur 3,906 kali dibandingkan remaja putri dengan kontrol perilaku lemah terhadap konsumsi TTD.
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 8, pp 132-145; doi:10.20473/jpk.v8.i2.2020.132-145
Latar Belakang: Malaria di Indonesia sampai saat ini masih merupakan masalah kesehatan masyarakat. Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Papua Barat menyebutkan, hingga Agustus 2018, tercatat 4.182 kasus Malaria di Provinsi Papua Barat. Dari jumlah tersebut, 2.346 kasus Malaria terjadi di Kabupaten Manokwari atau hampir 50%. Di urutan kedua ditempati Kabupaten Manokwari Selatan dengan 692 kasus dan ketiga, Kabupaten Teluk Wondama dengan 286 kasus. Tujuan: Penelitian ini mempunyai tujuan untuk mengeksplorasi informasi tentang upaya pencegahan Malaria pada masyarakat di Kecamatan Manokwari Barat Kabupaten Manokwari. Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan pendekatan fenomenologi. Informan penelitian sebanyak 9 orang yang ditetapkan dengan teknik snowball, informan tersebut terdiri 8 orang warga yang berdomisili di Kecamatan Manokwari Barat dan 1 orang petugas kesehatan dari Puskesmas yang menangani program Malaria. Hasil: Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa upaya pencegahan Malaria dengan cara membunuh jentik dan nyamuk Malaria dewasa melalui penyemprotan rumah, larvaciding dan biological control tidak pernah dilakukan oleh masyarakat karena anggapan hal ini merupakan tanggung jawab petugas kesehatan. Untuk mencegah gigitan nyamuk Malaria terhadap mereka yang memiliki kebiasaan berada di luar rumah pada malam hari dengan cara memakai pakaian baju kaos lengan panjang, jaket, dan sarung panjang. Penggunaan kelambu saat tidur malam tetap dilakukan akan tetapi tidak digunakan secara rutin, hanya sesekali dan bahkan ada yang tidak menggunakan kelambu sama sekali. Pemakaian obat anti nyamuk jenis obat nyamuk bakar, selain karena hemat juga harganya terjangkau. Pemakaian kawat kasa tidak dilakukan, sebab sebagian rumah masyarakat masih semi permanen yang jendelanya terbuat dari papan dan memakai plastik bening serta kain sebagai gorden sebagai penutup jendela. Kesimpulan: Upaya pencegahan Malaria oleh masyarakat tidak dilakukan secara konsisten dan menyeluruh karna adanya anggapan bahwa upaya pemberantasan nyamuk Malaria merupakan tanggung jawab petugas kesehatan.
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 8, pp 228-237; doi:10.20473/jpk.v8.i2.2020.228-237
Background: Complications of hypertension causes 9.4 million of death worldwide each year. The risk factors for hypertension include heredity and environmental factors such as obesity, salt intake, physical activity, and alcohol. One-third of teenagers spent their time on school activities, so schools contribute to preventing hypertension in adolescents through Health School Program activities. Objective: to compare the health-promoting school program in Indonesia and Western in the prevention of hypertension. Method: The method used in writing this article was a literature review from 11 specific articles that were collected through google scholar, ProQuest, and SAGE pub search engines, with article inclusion criteria published in 2013-2019. Result: the review found that health promotion program in schools which was implemented in Indonesia have not been effective in preventing the emergence of risk factors for the incidence of hypertension in adolescents, compared with implementation in western. Ineffectiveness that occurs due to nutritional control patterns in adolescents in schools in the absence of regulations governing the nutritional content of student food, the lack of the teacher’s role in implementing health education due to high academic demands, and the lack of parental involvement. Conclusion: There are differences in the implementation of the health promotion program in Indonesia and the Western. The government priority for increasing the quality of live students trough health-promoting schools.