ISSN / EISSN : 20853475 / 25409972
Current Publisher: universitas airlangga (10.20473)
Total articles ≅ 106
Latest articles in this journal
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 8, pp 47-58; doi:10.20473/jpk.v8.i1.2020.47-58
Background: The Surabaya City Health Office report showed, the coverage of hygienic and healthy lifestyle in 2016 was 75.07%. In Rangkah Village, a total of 2,770 (11.84%) out of 23,390 families were monitored, and as many as 1,552 of them (56.03%) had applied hygienic and healthy lifestyle. Objective: This study identified the relationship between knowledge and attitude with the implementation of clean and healthy lifestyle in Rangkah Village. Method: This study deployed quantitative research with a cross-sectional design. As many as 249 people became the sample selected by using the cluster random sampling. The independent variables were knowledge of and attitudes towards hygienic and healthy lifestyle, while the dependent variable was hygiene and healthy lifestyle. The data were then processed with SPSS to identify whether there is a relationship among the variables observed. Results: Knowledge variable obtained P value of 0.014<α (0.05), meaning there is a relationship of knowledge with hygienic and healthy lifestyle. While attitude variable had P value of 0.082>α (0.05), suggesting that there is no relationship of attitudes with hygienic and healthy lifestyle. Conclusion: One of the factors which greatly influences hygienic and healthy lifestyle in the familiesis knowledge.
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 8, pp 79-86; doi:10.20473/jpk.v8.i1.2020.79-86
Background: Indonesia is ranked 4th in the World with the largest population in 2017 of 261,890,882 million. According to the 2017 Central Bureau of Statistics, the elderly population is 23.4 million (8.97%) of the Indonesian population. The habit of the elderly attending the Integrated Health Center (Posyandu) can have a good impact on the health of the elderly in the future. Objective: The aims of this study was to analyze the factors associated with the participation of the elderly following the Posyandu. Method: This study used Cross Sectional design with a sample of 210 respondents aged 45-59 years; 60-74 years; 75-84 years; and >84 years old. The technique used in sampling is simple random sampling with its independent variables namely intention, social support, information access, personal autonomy, and action situations in the elderly. The dependent variable is the activity of the elderly following the Posyandu. The data collection technique used primary data and secondary data. Data were analyzed by the chi square test through the SPSS application to see factors related to the activity of the elderly following the Posyandu. Result: From the results of the analysis, all independent variables showed a relationship between the independent variables on the activity of the elderly in attending the Elderly Posyandu (P
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 8, pp 87-98; doi:10.20473/jpk.v8.i1.2020.87-98
Background: Environmental problems in Indonesia are complex to solve. Most people in Indonesia still inappropriately dispose feces in wrong places. Based on the Joint Monitoring Program WHO/UNICEF, 55 million people in Indonesia still had unhygienic defecation behavior. Rangkah Village, Tambaksari District face the same problem because its population is not balance with its area, so settling septic-tank becomes a problem. Objective: This study identified community’s feces disposal behavior in Community Association Number 8 of Rangkah Village. Method: The primary data were collected through questionnaires, interview, and observation distributed to 249 respondents in Community Association Number 8 of Rangkah Village. While the secondary data were obtained through primary healthcare report. The analysis was done by using Slovin formula. Results: The respondents had good knowledge and attitude towards the importance of having latrines, septic-tank, and the danger of disposing feces into a river. However, environment has a big impact on the respondents to dispose fece into the river. They have already had latrines, but not septic-tank due to the lack of landfill for septic-tank and community’s low economic level. Conclusion: Feces drain from the toilet to the river through pipes, and this causes environmental pollution which spreads diseases to people around the river. This problem still cannot be solved by the healthcare providers and local government although they have done a program that deals with this problem.
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 8, pp 1-11; doi:10.20473/jpk.v8.i1.2020.1-11
Background: The target of exclusive breastfeeding has not been achieved because complementary feeding (MPASI) has been given earlier. Infants aged 0-6 months should only get breastfed without any complementary food. Objective: This paper aimed to analyze factors related to maternal behavior towards complementary feeding (MPASI) in Pegirian Village. Method: This study was observational and cross-sectional, involving all mothers and caregivers of under-five-year-old children in Pegirian Village. The sample size was 35 mothers and caregivers of toddlers in Neighborhood Association No. 06 Community Association 02 Pegirian Village, Surabaya City. Sampling technique in use was saturated sampling or census method because the total population was less than 100. The research variables included educational background, income, and actions in giving MPASI. Correlation test was in use to see the relationship among factors. Results: The results showed that there was a relationship between knowledge and attitude with complementary feeding behavior (P value = 0.001 and 0.015). There was no relationship between the level of education and employment status with complementary feeding behavior towards infants aged less than 6 months (P values = 0.425 and 0.134). Conclusion: Knowledge and attitude of mothers and caregivers can influence complementary feeding for infants aged less than 6 months.
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 8, pp 66-78; doi:10.20473/jpk.v8.i1.2020.66-78
Background: Humans daily activities are inseparable from public places. Public places are facilities used for communal public activities, such as buying and selling in supermarket. The management of supermarkets have to ensure clean, healthy, safe, and comfortable facilities which do not give disadvantages for health. In responding this issue, health promotion is required in public places to get rid of environmental pollution and disease transmission. Objective: This study described health promotion in public places as found in Sakinah Supermarket. Method: This study was descriptive research with a quantitative approach. Data were categorized into primary data through observation and in-depth interview, as well as secondary data through Sakinah Supermarket’s document. The analysis was explored by using Ottawa Charter's 5 means of action as basic health promotion tool. Results: Health promotion in Sakinah Supermarket was still lacking. Health promotion efforts that have been done well are the concept of a No-Smoking Area, where Sakinah Supermarket did not sell cigarettes and did not provide smoking area. Conclusion: Sakinah Supermarket has not supported healthy public places since it does not give adequate information to improve individual’s awareness of health.
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 8, pp 36-46; doi:10.20473/jpk.v8.i1.2020.36-46
Background: Low level of knowledge about exclusive breastfeeding and mother's employment status become factors causing flawed exclusive breastfeeding in Indonesia. The high number of working mothers makes babies unable to be exclusively breastfed. Objective: This study determined the relationship of knowledge and mother's employment status with exclusive breastfeeding in Sidotopo. Method: This study was a descriptive analytical study with a cross-sectional design. The sampling technique used purposive sampling with a total sample of 57 respondents. The primary data were collected through questionnaires and then analyzed by using chi-square test. Results: There were 52 mothers (91%) who did not exclusively breastfeed. Most of them (94.4%) had insufficient knowledge and did not exclusively breastfeed. The number of mothers who had good knowledge and exclusively breastfed was only 3 mothers (14.3%). Most mothers (73.7%) who did not work did not exclusively breastfed their babies (90.5%). Among 15 working mothers (26.3%), only 1 mother (6.7%) exclusively breastfed. Based on the bivariate analysis test, there was no relationship of mother's knowledge with exclusive breastfeeding (P value = 0.346 > 0.05). There was no relationship of mother's employment status with exclusive breastfeeding (P value= 0.604
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 8, pp 59-65; doi:10.20473/jpk.v8.i1.2020.59-65
Background: The foodservice system in Children Penitentiary is an action for fulfilling the nutritional needs of prisoners. Lack of nutrition that is not by the standard, will result in the occurrence of nutritional problems and reduce the health status for prisoners during the coaching period. One indicator for better quality access to food services is to explore how the perceptions of prisoners on food services which are provided by the institution. Objective: The aims of this study was to determine the perceptions of inmates on the quality of service and provision of food at the Children Penitentiary Class IA, Blitar Regency. Method: This study used a qualitative approach with a semi-structured deep interview and observation method to explore data deeply and holistically. The informants consisted of 10 people and the criteria for key informants were between age range from 15 until 20 years old. Result: The results of the study showed that there were factors that influenced the perception of food quality assessment in LPKA, including internal factors, such as the emergence of eating behaviour and formation of eating culture among other prisoners. Besides assessment, there also included the taste of food, a portion of food, variety of menus, food hygiene, also the food from visitors or family. Conclusion: Eating behavior among prisoners forms a new culture in the scope of Class IA LPKA Blitar, which is a culture of joint eating or "kembul" which creates a sense of family among prisoners.
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 8, pp 121-131; doi:10.20473/jpk.v8.i1.2020.121-131
Background: The Family Planning Program is a government policy in the area of population to suppress the occurrence of an unstable population growth. Conditions of participation in family planning acceptors in Bangkalan Regency are still low, which caused the function of family planning as an effort to reduce the population rate becomes less. Objective: The purpose of this study is to find a picture of the participation of family planning acceptors and a description of the factors that influence it in Bangkalan Regency. Method: The method in this research is a literature study whose data is obtained from journals, central statistics and theoretical bodies that have been available. The independent variables are education, social economy, number of KB Field Officers, and community / village apparatus support and are associated with Green Lawrence theory. Results: Factors causing the low number of active family planning participants in Bangkalan District were the level of education, the large number of poor families, the low number of PLKBs in each village, and the low level of education of village officials in Bangkalan Regency. Conclusion: the participation of family planning acceptors in Bangkalan is influenced by driving factors (education and social economy), enabling factors (number of KB Field Officers) and reinforcing factors (community support or village apparatus).
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 8, pp 99-110; doi:10.20473/jpk.v8.i1.2020.99-110
Background: Most smokers begin to smoke at or before the age of 19. The number of young male smokers is more than that of female smokers. Purpose: This study identified the characteristics of children in a foster care and analyzed factors related to compliance with Non-Smoking Area in Regional Technical Implementation Unit of Kampung Anak Negeri Surabaya in terms of responsibility and peer support. Method: This study was a descriptive observational study using a cross sectional approach. The number of samples was 31 foster children who were asked to fill out questionnaires and participated in interview, selected by using a total sampling method. The data were analyzed with cross tabulation. Results: The of foster children majority (58.1%) were 12-16 years old. Most of them (58.1%) were still in elementary school/equivalent. The results of cross tabulation implied that children with adequate personal responsibility had sufficient compliance and strong correlation (0.530). Good peer support resulted in sufficient compliance, but the correlation of peer support with compliance was poor (0.214). Conclusion: All of the variables had a correlation with compliance with the implementation of Non-Smoking Area Regulation, but the value of each variable was different. The Regional Technical Implementation Unit of Kampung Anak Negeri Surabaya need to create peer educators among the foster children.
Jurnal PROMKES, Volume 8, pp 21-35; doi:10.20473/jpk.v8.i1.2020.21-35
Background: Since the beginning of HIV epidemic in the world, about 70 million people have been infected with the HIV, and 35 million have died for HIV. HIV-AIDS is a chronic disease that requires a comprehensive treatment on People Living With HIV and AIDS (PLWHA) who need family support in facing their problems. Family in a community have a different social class, one of which is socioeconomic status. Objective: This study analyzed the relationship between socioeconomic status (education level, job status, and income) and family support with the quality of life of PLWHA. Method: This study was an observational study with a cross-sectional analytic design. The population were PLWHA who were outpatients in the clinical stage 3 based on the medical records of IPIPI RSUD Dr. Soetomo Surabaya. The sample size was 93 respondents selected by using simple random sampling technique. Data were collected through self-administered instrument with WHOQOL HIV BREF and analyzed with chi-square test. The study was conducted from April to May 2018 at IPIPI RSUD Dr. Soetomo Surabaya. Results: Results showed that there was no correlation between education level (P value = 0.141), job status (P value = 1.000), and income (P value = 0.678) with the quality of life of PLWHA, and there was significant correlation of family support (P value = 0.030) with the quality of life of PLWHA. Support that is significantly related to the quality of life is social network support (P value = 0.034). Conclusion: There is no correlation of education, employment status, and income with the quality of life of People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). There is a significant correlation of social network support from families with the quality of life of PLHA.