Forum penelitian Agro Ekonomi

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ISSN / EISSN : 0216-4361 / 2580-2674
Total articles ≅ 390
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Rizka Amalia Nugrahapsari, Manuntun Parulian Hutagaol
Forum penelitian Agro Ekonomi, Volume 39, pp 11-26; https://doi.org/10.21082/fae.v39n1.2021.11-26

Abstract:
The government intervened unhulled rice and rice price policies which requires a large budget and is faced by a trade off between protecting producers and consumers. There is also a rice trading system that has an interest in creating profits. This condition creates obstacles in achieving policy objectives. Objectives of this paper are (1) to analyze the effectiveness of unhulled rice and rice price policies and factors that affect policy effectiveness, (2) to formulate policy recommendations in minimizing side effects. Analysis using secondary data and literature review methods. Results showed that with support of other rice policies, price policy has achieved its goal of stabilizing prices and supporting economic stability. However, it is not yet effective enough to protect farmers' income, affordability of rice prices, and safeguard government rice reserves. Pricing policies need to be carried out selectively with a clear target date and be accompanied by policy instruments for farmer income and food consumption flexibility, as well as encouraging farmer independence. Farmers can be facilitated to choose profitable commodities supported by an information system, market access, credit policies, input subsidies and agricultural infrastructure such as irrigation.
Rusli Burhansyah
Forum penelitian Agro Ekonomi, Volume 39, pp 73-87; https://doi.org/10.21082/fae.v39n1.2021.73-87

Abstract:
Agricultural funding institutions need capital business. The challenge of the Agriculture Sector Public Credit Program is to increase reach program, institutional regulations, empowerment, and synergy. Some of the problems of the Agriculture Sector Public Program include low absorption rates, schemes, program coverage, assistance, and institutions. Policy recommendations among others; increase people business credit proposals agricultural, provide the people business credit scheme with a base and groups like the farmer's group, involving Agribusiness Micro Finance Institution and cooperatives, extending branch of the bank and the of a companion. Recommendations empowerment and synergies between other; addition and strengthening the role of Independent Smallholder Financing Facilitator, special programs the agricultural sector (people plantation and holder livestock) with the ceiling adjusted to the proposal, joint responsibility, business partner, Independent Smallholder Financing Facilitator in Sector Public Credit Program special enough important. Cooperation with the Field Agriculture Extension necessary for the socialization is at the farmer's group and gapoktan. The technical team's provincial and district role is to performance monitoring Independent Smallholder Financing Facilitator.
Ening Ariningsih, Nfn Ashari, Handewi P. Saliem, Mohamad Maulana, Kartika Sari Septanti
Forum penelitian Agro Ekonomi, Volume 39, pp 49-71; https://doi.org/10.21082/fae.v39n1.2021.49-71

Abstract:
Gedong gincu mango is a specific mango variety in West Java Province, which has a high economic value and the prospect of being a superior export commodity of Indonesia. Despite its increasing production and high market prospect, gedong gincu mango agribusiness still faces various problems, both in on-farm and off-farm aspects. This paper aims to study the agribusiness of gedong gincu mango, covering both on-farm and off-farm aspects and export prospects. In general, gedong gincu mango farmers are small-scale farmers who practice traditional cultivation, harvest, and post-harvest management; are not yet market-oriented; practicing conventional marketing that relies on collecting traders, and have weak institutional. These conditions cause low productivity and diverse quality of gedong mango and are not continuously available throughout the year, which hinder the potential for wide-open exports from being appropriately utilized. It needs improvement in both on-farm and off-farm to improve the production and marketing of gedong gincu mango. At the on-farm level, efforts to increase competitiveness can be made by improving fruit production, productivity, quality, and continuity, by applying good agricultural practices. At the off-farm level, this can be done through improving facilities and infrastructures, institutions, and regulations. These efforts should involve all parties, including farmers (producers), marketing agents (collectors, traders, exporters), and policymakers.
Adi Setiyanto
Forum penelitian Agro Ekonomi, Volume 39, pp 27-47; https://doi.org/10.21082/fae.v39n1.2021.27-47

Abstract:
Padi merupakan komoditas pangan utama penduduk dan memiliki peran penting dalam perekonomian Indonesia. Pada tahun 2015 dilaksanakan Program Upsus oleh Kementerian Pertanian di 16 provinsi dan diperluas di 33 dari 34 provinsi di Indonesia pada 2016. Program Upsus telah dilaksanakan selama 5 tahun, namun demikian penelitian-penelitian mengenai kinerja pelaksanaan Program Upsus dari aspek peningkatan produksi dan pendapatan petani padi penerima program tidak banyak dilakukan. Naskah ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis kinerja Program Upsus terhadap pencapaian target peningkatan produksi dan pendapatan usaha tani padi menggunakan metode analisis deskriptif dan difokuskan pada Provinsi Jawa Barat untuk mendapatkan gambaran implementasi secara nyata di lapangan. Program Upsus telah berhasil mempertahankan luas tanam padi dan mendorong peningkatan luas areal panen padi, tetapi tidak berhasil dalam mendorong pertumbuhan produktivitas dan peningkatan pendapatan petani padi. Dalam implementasi Program Upsus yang akan datang perlu diupayakan (1) mengembangkan perencanaan yang sistematis dan rinci berdasarkan evaluasi yang spesifik, komprehensif, dan terinci guna meningkatkan efektivitas pelaksanaan Program Upsus, (2) penguatan sistem penyuluhan pertanian dan peningkatan bantuan teknis untuk meningkatkan produktivitas dan kualitas padi dan beras yang dihasilkan, (3) melakukan perbaikan dan penguatan penyelenggaraan organisasi pelaksanaan Program Upsus mulai dari pusat hingga lokasi kegiatan, (4) menempatkan implementasi strategi pada fokus yang lebih besar untuk peningkatan produktivitas, baik melalui peningkatan penerapan paket teknologi budi daya pada usaha tani padi, maupun penurunan tingkat kehilangan hasil pada saat panen dan penanganan pascapanen, serta saat distribusi dan pemasaran, dan (5) mendorong peningkatan pendapatan petani dari usaha tani padi dan aktivitas penanganan panen dan pascapanen mereka.
Nyak Ilham, Nfn Ashari, Igap Mahendri, S. Wulandari
Forum penelitian Agro Ekonomi, Volume 39, pp 1-9; https://doi.org/10.21082/fae.v39n1.2021.1-9

Abstract:
The area of oil palm plantations is now reaching 14.7 million hectares, and it is an opportunity for Indonesia to develop an integrated beef cattle industry with the oil-palm integrated system. However, the development of this system is not yet massive. The problem among others is the plantation area owned by the smallholder farmers which is not sufficient for grazing area. To formulate concentrate feeds for the cattle, farmers need supports from palm oil processing companies for its raw materials. This paper is prepared as a literature review aimed at analyzing the prospects and constraints, legal aspects, and stakeholders' role in developing cattle-oil palm integration. This paper concludes that there is ample opportunity to develop an oil palm-cattle integration system. Furthermore, oil palm industry development requires legal aspects, the number of farmers and companies, and the organizations. A policy is needed to develop an oil palm-cattle integration system, coordinated by the Coordinating Ministry for Economic Affairs. The needed policies among others organizing smallholders involved in the integration system for easier access to technologies, extension, livestock health services, and access to feed raw materials such as palm kernel cake and sludge. Sustainability of oil palm-cattle integration efforts in the regions is needed to extend the status of current regulations regarding the integration system from Governor and Regency Regulations into Regional Regulations.
Sri Wahyuni, Endro Gunawan, Sri Hastuti Suhartini, Julia Forcina Sinuraya, Mat Syukur, Nyak Ilham
Forum penelitian Agro Ekonomi, Volume 38, pp 103-117; https://doi.org/10.21082/fae.v38n2.2020.103-117

Abstract:
One of the Government's efforts to achieve food security is through increasing People’s Business Credit (KUR) fund. KUR disbursement, so far, is relatively low and it is necessary to implement the new scheme perspective on KUR. This paper presents the new scheme perspective on KUR to improve its disbursement as well as agricultural production. The basis for the new scheme perspective is derived from Agricultural Financing Program review, KUR implementation, driving factors and the benefits. Agricultural Financing Program before and during KUR era shows that the success of KUR disbursement is affected by socialization and human resources capacity. This finding is supported by the review that KUR disbursement success is determined by human’s character. Existing KUR scheme gets better and successful in increasing the farmers’ income. On the other hand, some unsuccessful results ok KUR is due to moral hazard. The new scheme of KUR should focus on effective and efficient socialization of this program credit to all stakeholders. For example, socialization is implemented using social media which is easily understood and accessed. Utilizing applications of cellular phone is also very useful to improve the program knowledge and to deal with moral hazard. Additionally, it is necessary to include ecological aspect as well as youth and women access in the scheme.
Enti Sirnawati, Muhammad Taufiq Ratule
Forum penelitian Agro Ekonomi, Volume 38, pp 119-135; https://doi.org/10.21082/fae.v38n2.2020.119-135

Abstract:
Downstreaming information of Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Technology (IAARD) technology is carried out, among others, through the Multi Channel Dissemination Spectrum (MCDS). The SDMC employs various dissemination channels and actors to accelerate technology dissemination. MCDS discussions at the operating level are limited especially on how it contributes to more technology adoption. Referring to the Agricultural Innovation System, an innovation arises due to support of various subsystems ranging from technology providers, carriers, users, markets, policies, and interactions among subsystems. Likewise, the MCDS should be supported by its subsystems for an effective dissemination. This paper aims to contribute ideas on subsystems requirements in the implementation of the MCDS and how these subsystems can drive the delivered technology information to be adopted by users. The supporting subsystems (planning, approaches in the implementation process, policies, infrastructure) for technology implementation are essential in dissemination activities. As a system, MCDS does not only focus on delivering IAARD’s technology information, but the success of technological innovation must be supported by dissemination planning and its subsystems, technology application ecosystem, and interaction between potential users and technology producers.
Herlina Tarigan
Forum penelitian Agro Ekonomi, Volume 38, pp 89-101; https://doi.org/10.21082/fae.v38n2.2020.89-101

Abstract:
Inclusive and sustainable agribusiness development in the disruption era requires fundamental adaptation. Major changes in community’s activities take place from the real world to virtual activities. One of the urgent needs in inclusive and sustainable agribusiness development is agricultural human resources able to anticipate changes and successfully adapt to those changes. This paper aims to explore changes in the agribusiness order, challenges in the extension system and agricultural human resource development going forward. Scientific review analysis shows that there are physical business cost savings, open and direct new markets, development of internet-based online shop services with smarter, easier, faster, more efficient, and more accurate transaction processes. The agribusiness system requires a new management system with more competitive human resources capacity. Three instruments for developing agricultural human resources are: (1) prioritizing skill improvement and providing infrastructure for information and communication technology (ICT), (2) capability of extension workers and researchers in creating, socializing and implementing inclusive technology with digital literacy, (3) training the farmers with ICT-based production skills, building partnerships, and accessing big data and information in accordance with their current. Accelerating instrument operations needs champions or youth driving agent.
Joula Sondakh, Janne H.W. Rembang, Nfn Syahyuti
Forum penelitian Agro Ekonomi, Volume 38, pp 155-166; https://doi.org/10.21082/fae.v38n2.2020.155-166

Abstract:
Precision agriculture requires appropriate characters of human resources to implement it. It is an integrated agricultural system based on information and production to increase business efficiency, productivity and profitability. The concept of precision agriculture, as one of the latest agricultural technology packages, was born along with the emergence of the millennial generation, namely those born between 1980 and 2000.This paper discusses the character of precision agriculture and necessity to apply it and its link to the millennial generation in terms of their character suitability and capacity. Application of precision agriculture requires the millennial generation’s ability to create, engineer and operate modern agricultural systems based on this new technology. Applying precision agriculture in Indonesia deals with various characteristics of the millennial generation due to different regional and socio-economic conditions. The government should provide infrastructure and conduct millennial farmers training to achieve social, economic, and environmental benefits of precision agriculture implementation.
Rika Reviza Rachmawati
Forum penelitian Agro Ekonomi, Volume 38, pp 137-154; https://doi.org/10.21082/fae.v38n2.2020.137-154

Abstract:
Smart farming 4.0 based on artificial intelligence is a flagship launched by the Ministry of Agriculture. Smart farming 4.0 encourages the farmers to work more efficient, measurable, and integrated. Through technology, farmers are able to carry out farm practice by relying on mechanization, not on the planting season, from planting to harvesting accurately. Several smart farming technologies such as blockchain for modern off farm agriculture, agri drone sprayer, drone surveillance (drone for land mapping), soil and weather sensors, intelligent irrigation systems, Agriculture War Room (AWR), siscrop (information systems) 1.0 have been implemented in some areas. However, farmers deal with various educational backgrounds, aging farmers phenomenon, and high cost of smart farming technology tools to implement smart farming. This paper aims to analyze the huge opportunities of smart farming by utilizing the potential of millennial farmers as actors and analyzing various government policies to support smart farming 4.0. The Ministry of PDTT has carried out pilot projects to implement smart farming in several locations. The Ministry of Agriculture also needs to play a role by creating a smart farming roadmap. The Government's Strategic Project 2020–2024 through food estate based on farmer corporations may support massive smart farming applications.
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