Jurnal Gizi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition)

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ISSN / EISSN : 1858-4942 / 2338-3119
Total articles ≅ 115
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Megawati Megawati, Nina Artanti, Hani Mulyani, Akhmad Darmawan, Heri Syahrian, Puspa Dewi N. Lotulung, Edi Supriadi, Galuh Widiyarti, Rizna Triana Dewi, Lia Meilawati, et al.
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition), Volume 9, pp 48-52; doi:10.14710/jgi.9.1.48-52

Background: Increased lipase activity can increase the amount of monoglycerides and fatty acids absorbed by the body, this is what affects obesity. If pancreatic lipase activity is inhibited, the production of fatty acids will decrease, consequently the level of fat in the blood will also decrease.Objective: To study anti obesity potential of a single herb or a mixture of green tea and other herbs (Syzygium polyanthum. Lv, Artocarpus communis.Lv, Cinnamomum verum..Lv, Manilkara zapota.Lv, Tectona grandis.Lv) by the in vitro inhibition assay of the lipase enzyme activityMethod: A single (8 herbs) or a mixture of three herbs powder (12 formulas) was put into a tea bag with a total weight of 1.5 g to be brewed in 100 mL bottled mineral water at 70⁰-90⁰C for 10 minutes. In vitro lipase enzyme inhibition assay were conducted to measure the ability of these samples as lipase inhibitor. Orlistat used as positive lipase inhibitor. Results: There was a difference results of lipase inhibition activity between the sample of a single and a mixture of herbs. Interestingly, the results shows that formula 3 (mixture of green tea, Manilkara zapota and cinnamon). has 53.942 % inhibition, formula 9 (a mixture of green tea, Syzygium polyanthum and cinnamon) has 67.322 % inhibition and formula 12 (a mixture of green tea, Tectona grandis and cinnamon) has 56.612 % inhibition which close to lipase inhibitory activity by standard Orlistat.Conclusion: The mixture of green tea and two other herbs has a lipase inhibitory activity similar to Orlistat, when compared to the single herb. The highest lipase inhibitory activity is found in formula 9.
Edy Waliyo, Shelly Festillia Agusanty, Nopriantini Nopriantini
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition), Volume 9, pp 11-18; doi:10.14710/jgi.9.1.11-18

Background: Stunting in children was largely unknown by parents, because when visited the Posyandu there wasn’t assessment of length growth. The purpose of this study was to provide a card to monitor the lenght growth in children who are stunted against length for age z-skor (LAZ).Method: This type of research was a quasi experimental design pre and posttest control group design using two group: the intervention group was given a length growth monitoring card and and the control group was given a standard child growth chart. This research was conducted in Sambas Subdistrict, Sejangkung Regency for three months. The sample in this study was stunting children aged 3-21 months with a total sample of twenty each group. The dependent variable was LAZ, which is measured before and after the intervention. Statistical analysis was to determine the differences between the two groups after the intervention with the Mann Whitney Test.Results: The results showed that the group given the length growth card was the average value of LAZ before -3.12 ± 0.69 and after the intervention -2.98 ± 0.78 with an increase in the z-score of 0.14 ± 0.68, while the control group LAZ values before -2.68 ± 0.34 and after the intervention -2.62 ± 0.68 with an increase of 0.07 ± 0.633. Statistically with the Man Whitney Test showed no difference, but the change in the LAZ was higher in the group given the growth card compared to the control group.Conclusion: Giving growth cards and child growth charts did not difference in increasing LAZ in stunting children. However providing a growth monitoring card can encourage mothers to feed their children better.
Khairizka Citra Palupi, Mertien Sa’Pang, Erry Yudhya Mulyani, Aditya Fatkhi Laili
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition), Volume 9, pp 27-32; doi:10.14710/jgi.9.1.27-32

Background: Prevalence of constipation in pregnant women is estimated at 11-38%. Impact of constipation in pregnant women are haemorrhoids and decreased quality of life. Meanwhile, determinants known to influence constipation during pregnancy are hormonal changes, poor diet, low physical activity and lack of fluid consumption. Objectives: Identify the determining factors that can affect occurrence of constipation and investigated the difference based on constipation status among pregnant women in Public Health Centre in Jakarta, Indonesia;Methods: This research was a cross sectional design conducted in July 2019 to October 2019. The subject was pregnant women. We used accidental sampling method to recruit subjects in Public Health Centre, Kebun Jeruk, West Jakarta. We measured the determining factors of constipation among pregnant women. Characteristic of pregnant women, knowledge, attitudes and practices were measured by questionnaires. Anthropometrics data for weight, height, and mid arm circumference were measured. Haemoglobin level was also measured. Bivariate analysis using Pearson or Spearman was used to investigate which factors associated significantly with constipation among pregnant women. We also assessed the difference of characteristic of pregnant women, knowledge, attitudes and practices using differential analysis (Mann-Whitney U-test). Results: The results showed that prevalence of constipation was 30%. Differential analysis showed that mothers who experienced constipation had a younger age and low nutritional and hydration behaviour scores. Other variables such as gestational age, weight before pregnancy, upper arm circumference, height, haemoglobin, knowledge score and nutritional attitude and hydration did not show significant differences based on constipation status. Correlation analysis showed an inverse relationship between maternal age and incidence of constipation, with r = 0.242 and a p-value = 0.015. Maternal age, nutritional behaviour and hydration also showed significant inverse relationship with incidence of constipation (r = -0.206 and p-value 0.039);Conclusion: Nutritional and hydration behaviour during pregnancy was related to the occurrence of constipation. Mothers are advised to have good nutrition and hydration behaviour to prevent constipation.
, Hanifah Yusuf
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition), Volume 9, pp 19-26; doi:10.14710/jgi.9.1.19-26

Background: Coffee contains caffeine. Caffeine is the main component that influences the response of the cardiovascular system and blood pressure (BP). Acute response of coffee to increased BP is related to caffeine.Objectives: This study aims to analyze the acute response of coffee consumption on BP in healthy females therefore coffee is an alternative therapy for hypotension.Methods: The research design was a clinical trial. Treatment: black coffee, Gayo’s Arabica, 10 mg, coffee brewed with 150 ml of boiling water, without sugar. BP was examined using a mercury sphygmomanometer and stethoscope. BP each subject was examined twice and averaged. BP was checked 3 times: before, 30, and 60 minutes after coffee consumption. All subjects were non-coffee drinkers. A total of 20 healthy female, 18-20 years old were divided into two groups: the non-intervention (n=9) and intervention (n=11). Data was analyzed by independent and paired sample t-test.Results: Coffee increased systolic 10-20 mmHg (14.09%) and diastolic 3.64 mmHg. Coffee lowers 36.36% of subjects with hypotension. There was no difference between systolic pre-test (101.11±12.69 vs 100.00±10.00 mmHg; p=0.83) and 30 minutes post-intervention (102.22±13.01 vs 101.82±9.82 mmHg; p=0.94). There were a significant differences in systolic after 60 minutes post-intervention (103.33±11.18 vs 114.09±5.84 mmHg; p=0.01*) between non-intervention and intervention. There was no difference between diastolic pretest (70.00±5.59 vs. 68.18±6.03 mmHg; p=0.49), 30 minutes (70.59±5.27 vs. 70.00±6.33 mmHg; p=0.83), and 60 minutes post-intervention (70.00±5.59 vs. 71.82±4.04 mmHg; p=0.41) between non-intervention and intervention. Data showed that systolic was significantly different (p=0.00*) after 60 minutes of coffee consumption in the intervention group. Conclusion: The acute response of coffee consumption to systolic increases was after 60 minutes and not 30 minutes of coffee consumption. Coffee doesn’t affect diastolic in healthy women, but it needs further research.
Vilda Ana Veria Setyawati, Faizzatun Ramadha
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition), Volume 9, pp 42-47; doi:10.14710/jgi.9.1.42-47

Background: Stunting in Brebes, Central Java is the highest 100 in Indonesia. Through the Family Plan Village (Kampung KB), National Population and Family Planning Board (BKKBN) was given the mandate to contribute in accelerating the improvement of nutrition, especially the problem of stunting. 15,873 villages in Indonesia were formed as Kampung KB. However, there were no studies that describe the extent to which the program was effective.Objectives: This study aims to determine the effectiveness of the Kampung KB on sensitive intervention to prevent stunting.Methods: Experimental research with and one group only post test study design used. In 60 mothers of children under the age of 24 months starting in March-October 2019 in Janegara Village, Brebes Regency. The intervention carried out was the Kampung KB. Its activities at the study site are conducted from March-October 2019 in the study population's parents. The intervention was family counseling by family planning counselors (PKB). The variables measured included planning for household life, habituation of clean and healthy lifestyles in the family, empowering family at home, and responsive care. Data was collected using a questionnaire that was prepared independently and has been tested for validity and reliability. Analysis of the data used to prove the hypothesis is one sample t test.Results: Most of the mothers understand family life planning (75%), PHBS practices are appropriate (61.37%), the role of fathers is good (83.3%), and mothers have taken responsive care responsive care (55%). Kampung KB is effective for improving the practice of PHBS (p = 0.003) and the role of fathers in the family (p = 0.0001).Conclusion: Kampung KB was effective to increase (PHBS) and the role of fathers in parenting.
Mohammad Zainul Ma'arif, Suradi Suradi, Sugiarto Sugiarto
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition), Volume 9, pp 53-60; doi:10.14710/jgi.9.1.53-60

Background: Smoking habits enhance free radical in the body, which oxidize lipids to form malondialdehyde. One group that is vulnerable to smoking is adolescents. Red dragon fruit and red guava have the possibility as functional foods due to their vitamin and phytochemical content, which have antioxidant effects. This is an opportunity to prevent oxidative stress among adolescent smokers.Objectives: This study aimed to analyze the effect of red dragon fruit, red guava, and its combination to total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels among adolescent mild smokers.Methods: This research was an experimental study with a randomized pre-test and post-test control group design. Forty-eight subjects of male adolescent aged 16-17 years with mild smoking habits were divided into four groups: the control group (K), the intervention group with 200 grams of red dragon fruit (P1), 200 grams of red guava (P2), and the combination of both (100 grams red dragon fruit + 100 grams red guava) (P3), for 14 days. TAC examination used the DPPH method and MDA levels using the TBARS method were measured before and after the intervention.Results: After 14 days of intervention, the mean TAC was changed by -0,10±0,76 in the K group, 0,97±1,62 in the P1 group, 0,74±1,39 in the P2 group, and 0,74±1,29 in the P3 group. But the changes of TAC in all intervention groups were not significantly different from the control group (p>0,05). The mean MDA level changed by 0,229±0,371 in the K group, decreased by -0,654±0,922 in the P1 group, -0,592±0,818 in the P2 group, and -1,166±0,670 in the P3 group. The mean difference of the MDA level in all intervention groups was significantly different from the control group (p
Yuli Astuti, Yudi Mulyana Hidayat, Enny Rohmawati
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition), Volume 9, pp 33-41; doi:10.14710/jgi.9.1.33-41

Background: Gestational weight gain (GWG) is physiological change in pregnancy. Inadequate gestational weight gain (IGWG) and excessive gestational weight gain (EGWG) can pose a risk of complication such as gestational hypertention, low birth weight, giant baby, and premature birth. Food intake (energy and macronutrient) play important role in providing pregnancy needs such as fetal and placental growth, and also play role in fat accumulation in some part of mother’s body. Objectives: This study aims to analyze the relationship between energy intake and macronutrient and gestational weight gain of pregnant woman and to know the consumption of food groups.Methods: This study was quantitative study using cohort prospective approach. 73 healthy pregnant women with normal body fat mass who met inclusion and exclusion criteria was weighed twice in a period of 8 weeks. 24 hours food recall in 2 unsecutive days was done between those times. The instruments used for this study were weight scale, stadiometer, and questionnaire. Nutritional analysis used Nutrisurvey and statistic analysis used Chi Square test.Result: There was a relationship between total energy intake and gestational weight gain ( p = 0.031) and there was no relationship between macronutrient component intake (carbohydrate, fat, and protein) and gestational weight gain (p = 0.175, p = 0.97, and p = 0.089 respectively). Respondent characteristic that has corelation with GWG is number of pregnancy. Most pregnant woman experienced EGWG (56.2%) and their food consumption not fulfilled the balance nutrient recommendation guidelines especially less in vegetables and fruits consumption.Conclusion:There is a significant corelation between energy intake and GWG.
Tia Sofa Rahmadanti, Aryu Candra, Choirun Nissa
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition), Volume 9, pp 1-10; doi:10.14710/jgi.9.1.1-10

Background: Patients with chronic liver disease were risk to be malnourished due to malabsorption, hipermetabolic condition, and not receiving adequate nutrients orally. Diet therapy through enteral feeding based on soybean flour and goat milk flour play role as an alternative formula for chronic liver patients since it contains high Branched-Chain Amino Acids (BCAA) and Medium-chain Triglyceride (MCT).Objectives: to analyze viscosity, nutrient content, protein digestibility, and organoleptic properties of enteral feeding using soybean flour and goat milk flour.Methods: An experimental study using 3 distinc formula with ratio soybean flour to goat milk flour was P1(45:55), P2(50:50), P3(55: 45). Viscosity, fat, carbohydrate content, and energy density were analyzed using One Way Anova followed by Tukey test while protein content, protein digestibility, and energy density were analyzed using Kruskal Wallis followed by Mann Whitney test. Organoleptic properties were analyzed using Friedman followed by Wilcoxon test.Results:The higher the soybean flour, the higher the formula viscosity (p=0.000) and protein (0.007). In contrast, the higher the got milk flour, the higher the fat (p=0.000), carbohydrate (p=0.000), energy (p=0.000) and energy density (p=0.013). Formula P3 has the highest viscosity (1.93±0.039 cP) and protein (9.66±0.16%), while P1 has the highest fat (27.33±0.15%), carbohydrate (65.97±0.23%), energy (1.175±3.04 kkal), energy density (1.17±0.00 kkal/ml), and protein digestibility (45.90±1.49%) among others. However, there is no effect of different formula toward protein digestibility (p=0.116). Organoleptic properties showed that the higher the got milk flour, the higher its acceptance in all aspect including color (p=0.046), flavor (p=0.000), taste (p=0.009) dan texture (p=0.002).Conclusion: P1 was the best formula due to its level of viscosity, fat, energy, protein and energy density that meet requirements according to European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN). P1 also has the highest protein digestibility, and have the highest score of all organoleptic parameters.
Widia Pangestika, Ahmad Ni’Matullah Al-Baarri, Anang Mohamad Legowo, Mulyana Hadipernata, Wisnu Broto, Laili Izzati
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition), Volume 9, pp 68-72; doi:10.14710/jgi.9.1.68-72

Background: Discoloration was one indicator of food damage including in fruits, since the change may be used as a quality measurement. Salak became one of the commodities that often experience the browning reaction that may change the color. Since the yellow was close to the consumer preference along the preservation in salak, this color should be notified and may be represented as polyphenol change. Objectives: The focus of this study was to determine the pattern of inhibition of browning reactions in salak using HIO.Methods: This research determined the color level of yellow using digital color meter of salak that was stored in room temperature in aseptic treatment for 12 days. Result: Discoloration appeared in salak and it was clearly determined the change since a week of storage. The rate of discoloration was able to be detected highly after one week of storage. Conclusion: The discoloration of yellow color and the rate of salak could be detected specifically based on the day of storage. This research may open the information for the consumer to predict the storage time of salak based on the appearance of yellow color.
Natalia Desy Putriningtyas, Intan Permatasari, Dita Oktaviani, Anastasia Servia Raha, Siti Wahyuningsih
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition), Volume 9, pp 61-67; doi:10.14710/jgi.9.1.61-67

Background: Polyphenols, antioxidants, dietary fiber, and vitamin contained in the red dragon fruit peel. Red dragon fruit peel can be processed into marmalade. Red dragon fruit peel marmalade has the potential to be a functional food. Functional food is food that has a physiological function based on scientific studies.Objectives: The objective of this study is to analyze the effect of red dragon fruit peel marmalade on fasting blood glucose levels, HDL, LDL, and triglycerides levels of hypercholesterolemic Wistar rats.Methods: This study used a pre-&post-test control group design. Hypercholesterolemic male Wistar rats were randomly assigned into five groups. Hypercholesterolemia was induced by 1% cholesterol powder and 0.5% cholic acid for two weeks. All groups received standard chow. Samples were grouped into five groups: K-; K+; K1 (0.94 g/kg b.wt/day); K2 (1.41 g/kg b.wt/day); K3 (1.88 g/kg b.wt/day). The intervention was carried out for 28 days. GDP level was measured using the GOD-PAP. HDL, LDL, and triglyceride were analyzed with spectrophotometry. GDP, HDL, LDL, and triglyceride levels were measured twice before fasting. A paired t-test and one-way ANOVA were used to analyze the data.Results: The result showed that K-; K1; K2; K3 had a significant difference between groups before and after the intervention (p
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