JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 0216-504X / 2620-536X
Current Publisher: Poltekkes Kemenkes Kupang (10.31965)
Total articles ≅ 54
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Shandra Isasi Sutiswa, Asep Abdul Rahman
Published: 31 December 2020
JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN, Volume 18, pp 105-112; doi:10.31965/infokes.vol18.iss2.314

Abstract:
The use of medicinal plants for medicine has been prevalent since ancient times and various plants are used for public health. One of the plants that is often used in herbal medicine is celery, either directly in the form of vegetables or as an extract from the Apium graveolens L plant. Celery extract has previously been given to white mice, and can significantly protect the gastric mucosa and suppress gastric acid secretion. Traditional medicine derived from plant extracts is generally more desirable in tablet or capsule dosage forms. The objective of this study is to determine the best filler in the celery herb extract capsule formulation. This study used a pure experimental method using celery herb extracts which were formulated in capsule dosage forms. The powder fillers used in this formulation are Avicel 101, Avicel 102, and Amylum maydis. The extract capsules were then evaluated for uniformity of weight and disintegration time. Based on the evaluation results, the capsules formulated with Avicel 102 filler gave the best results with an average weight uniformity of 380.98 ± 4.41 mg and disintegration time of 2.64 ± 0.31 minutes. It is advisable to continue the evaluation of the dissolution test for the capsule preparation which gives the best result.
Sri Rezki, Halimah Halimah
Published: 31 December 2020
JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN, Volume 18, pp 128-136; doi:10.31965/infokes.vol18.iss2.341

Abstract:
Polygonum Minus Huds methanol extract from several previous studies has antibacterial properties in bacteria in the mouth such as Streptococcus Mutans, Staphylococcus Aureus, Salmonella Typhi, Escherichia Coli, etc. The cause of gingivitis is Streptococcus Sanguinis and anaerobic bacteria in the subgingival, which is porphyromonas gingivalis. Polygonum Minus Huds has the potential to be an antibacterial mouthwash for bacteria that causes caries and gingivitis. This research aims to make a mouthwash based on the essential oil of Polygonum Minus Huds and determine its antibacterial properties in mouthwashes of 0.025% and 0.05% concentrations to find antibacterial activity on Streptococcus Mutans and Sanguinis. The research was conducted in June 2019 at the Chemistry Laboratory of Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, the University of Tanjungpura in Pontianak Lab and Health Polytechnique Pontianak Integrated Lab. Design Quasi-experimental research used post-test only control group design, mouthwash formulation with essential oil concentrations of 0.025% and 0.05%, positive control using non-alcoholic mouthwash, and negative control (Aquades). Statistical analysis was performed univariately. The results showed that the best mouthwash was 2.5 ml of Tween 80 and 2.5 ml of glycerin. The results showed the essential oil gargle of Kesum leaves (Polygonum Minus Huds) at concentrations of 0.05%, and 0.02%, which is the bacteria of Streptococcus Mutans and Streptococcus Sanguinis were not able to inhibit the growth of the two bacteria. Increasing the amount of concentration or making mouthwash in other forms is expected to increase its antibacterial effect.
Yoani M. Vianney Bita Aty, Elisabeth Herwanti, Aemilianus Mau, M. Ibraar Ayatullah, Fialisa Asriwhardani
Published: 31 December 2020
JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN, Volume 18, pp 171-181; doi:10.31965/infokes.vol18.iss2.396

Abstract:
Caring behavior is the center of nursing practice, a very dynamic technique, where nurses work with care for their patients. The better the nurse's caring behavior in providing nursing services to patients, the better the level of patient satisfaction with nursing services. Currently, there are nurses and other health workers who are not friendly enough in providing services. The objective of this study is to determine the factors that influence the caring behavior of nurses who work at the Regional Public Hospital of East Nusa Tenggara Province, which are age, gender, education, training, employment status, marital status, work stress, work motivation and respect for nurse caring behavior. This research is a type of quantitative research with a cross-sectional design. The population is all nurse administrators who work in 5 Regional Public Hospital of East Nusa Tenggara Province, amounting to 803 people. The number of samples of 161 nurses was taken by simple random sampling. Determination of the number of samples using the rule of thumb formula, namely 5 independent variables x 32 = 160 respondents. The instrument used was a questionnaire. Bivariate data analysis at a significant level of 5% (α = 0.05) using the Pearson Chi-Square test. Multivariate analysis using logistic regression test. The results showed that the factors that influence nurse caring behavior are employment status (p value 0.001) and motivation (p value 0.005). The results of the Odds Ratio (Exp. B) show that employment status is a determinant factor in the caring behavior of nurses in East Nusa Tenggara with an OR of 3,634, which means that nurses with civil servant status are 3.6 times more likely to behave in caring than nurses with contract employment status. It is suggested to examine other factors that can influence the caring behavior of nurses who work at the Regional Public Hospital of East Nusa Tenggara Province.
Haeranah Ahmad, Fajar Akbar, Askur Askur
Published: 31 December 2020
JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN, Volume 18, pp 137-148; doi:10.31965/infokes.vol18.iss2.304

Abstract:
The transportation sector plays a major role in air pollution in urban areas. Operators of Public Fuel Filling Stations are at risk of inhaling pollutants from motor vehicle emissions such as CO, NO, SO2 and dust particulates. The objective of this study is to determine the relationship of Total Suspended Particulate (TSP) to the occurrence of impaired lung function at SPBU operators. This type of research is observational with a cross sectional study design with sampling technique using total sampling on the entire population, which is performing lung function examinations on 34 operators at three gas stations in Mamuju Regency. Examination of lung function used spirometry while the measurement of total dust concentration used a High Volume Air Sampler (HVAS). Data analysis was performed using the Chi-square test. The results showed that there was no significant relationship between TSP levels and impaired pulmonary function. Even though TSP exposure levels did not have a significant relationship with lung pulmonary function, efforts to control dust exposure were still necessary because most respondents worked in a working environment with high TSP levels. The results of this study are expected to be a reference for the implementation of health and safety programs for workers and the implementation of working environment monitoring and occupational health surveillance.
Ensar Durmuş, Fatih Guneysu
Published: 31 December 2020
JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN, Volume 18, pp 182-188; doi:10.31965/infokes.vol18.iss2.483

Abstract:
The COVID-19 disease occurred in the final weeks of 2019. As part of the fight against COVID-19, countries have taken actions such as travel restrictions, suspension of border crossings and international flights, voluntary home isolation, public activities restriction, and curfews. The objective of this study is to identify the effect of curfew enforcement during the COVID-19 pandemic to determine and identify whether curfew has a positive effect on the health care workload. The number of patients admitted to Sakarya University Training and Research Hospital, their means of arrival, hospitalization-discharge, demographic characteristics were examined retrospectively for the period of curfew in April and May 2020 and the corresponding days in 2019. The significant statistical differences between the two periods were analyzed. The results of this research reveal that24.488 patients were admitted to our emergency department. Of these patients, 12813 (52.3%) were male, 11675 (47.7%) were female. The number of emergency department admissions of the pediatric age group decreased from 1822 (8.9%) to 33 patients (0.8%). Moreover, the number of patients admitted to the emergency service in the related period of 2019 was 20548 (83.9%), while this figure decreased to 3940 individuals (16.1%) during the curfew period. It was impliedthat curfew could reduce the unnecessary admissions to hospitals, the number of ambulance usage, and provide a positive contribution to the reduction in traumas, car accidents, work accidents, and forensic cases during pandemic.
Lina Ayu Marcelina, Imami Nur Rachmawati, Wiwit Kurniawati
Published: 31 December 2020
JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN, Volume 18, pp 149-156; doi:10.31965/infokes.vol18.iss2.475

Abstract:
Postpartum mothers with twins are more prone to mental health problems, particularly anxiety. However, research regarding the appropriate interventions to overcome anxiety in postpartum mothers with twins is limited. Anxiety has an impact on the health of both mother and baby. We conducted a pilot study to minimize the risks to mothers and babies, which was supportive postpartum care (SPC). The study was performed to five postpartum mothers with twins during hospitalization. SPC was employed by providing physical support, which was in the form of breast care and oxytocin massage, psychological support in the form of relaxation techniques, information support in the form of education, and advocacy support in the form of husband involvement. This method was effective for postpartum mothers with twins in reducing anxiety, increasing breastfeeding effectiveness, increasing knowledge, and improving the husband’s involvement in care. This study showed that SPC can reduce postpartum anxiety among postpartum mothers with twins effectively. A very good increase of LATCH score and knowledge were reported in 3 out of 5 mothers. Families, especially husbands, were advised to continue providing care support through the role division at home.
Agustina W. Djuma, Novian A. Yudhaswara, Suzanne Patricia Dardeau
Published: 31 December 2020
JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN, Volume 18, pp 163-170; doi:10.31965/infokes.vol18.iss2.474

Abstract:
East Nusa Tenggara is a province of high alcohol abuse in Indonesia. Ngada Regency has a prevalence of 38.8%. The high prevalence is inseparable from traditional factors and socio-cultural norms which strongly influence the habit of consuming alcohol, the cold temperature in this area further strengthens this habit. The impact of alcohol consumption is the emergence of various types of diseases, one of which is impaired liver function such as alcoholic liver disease. The objective of this study is to determine the relationship between alcohol consumption and impaired liver function in communities in Bajawa and Golewa Districts, Ngada Regency. This research method is an observational analytic with cross-sectional design. The research subjects were 55 people who consumed alcohol in Golewa and Bajawa Districts, who had met the inclusion criteria. Alcohol consumption was measured by the AUDIT (The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test) questionnaire, while the parameter for liver disorders was the level of Gamma Glutamyl Transferase (GGT). The prevalence of liver dysfunction based on GGT examination was 15%. Meanwhile, the relationship between alcohol consumption and impaired liver function was tested with the Spearman correlation with α 0.05, the correlation value was p = 0.413, which means it has a moderate or significant, not too strong relationship. It is recommended that the people of Ngada Regency reduce alcohol consumption so that it can reduce the risk of impaired liver function.
Ahmet Doğan, Hatun Öztürk Çerik, Atila Gürgen, Aykut Özturan
Published: 31 December 2020
JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN, Volume 18, pp 113-127; doi:10.31965/infokes.vol18.iss2.445

Abstract:
The ongoing outbreak of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), as named by the World Health Organization, has millions of confirmed cases worldwide and has claimed hundreds of thousands of lives. The virus was named SARS-CoV-2 in February by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. COVID-19 presents as fever, dry cough, dyspnea, headache, and pneumonia. In a small subset of severe cases, the disease quickly progresses to respiratory failure and even death. This study aimed to know the effects of clinical and laboratory features on investigated death. The diagnosis was based on typical findings in thoracic computed tomography (CT) and positive results of the Real-Time Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) SARS-CoV-2. The demographic characteristics of COVID-19 patients treated, accompanying comorbid conditions and laboratory criteria (blood lymphocyte counts, C Reactive Protein (CRP), D-dimer, Interleukin 6 (IL-6), blood neutrophil count/lymphocyte counts) were collected retrospectively. The results show that 121 cases, 66 (54.54%) were male, 55 (45.46%) were female, and the mean age was ± Std (Min-Max), 59.63 ± 17.4 (22-91). Neutrophil percentage (p = 0.027), neutrophil / lymphocyte ratio (NE / LE) (p = 0.028), CRP (p =
Florentianus Tat, Aben B.Y.H Romana, Zainab Binti Mohd Shafie
Published: 31 December 2020
JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN, Volume 18, pp 96-104; doi:10.31965/infokes.vol18.iss2.321

Abstract:
Nutritional problems in toddlers are still a major problem in East Nusa Tenggara Province. The 2018 Basic Health Research results show the percentage of malnourished babies aged 0-23 months in Indonesia was 3.8%, and malnutrition was 11.4%. East Nusa Tenggara is the province with the highest percentage of malnutrition among children aged 0-23 months in 2018. Nutritional problems have broad dimensions, such as socio-economic, cultural, educational, and environmental issues. The research objective is to determine the correlation between the sunrise model's factors and the toddler's nutritional status in the Kupang district. This study is a quantitative observational study with a cross-sectional design. The sampling technique in this study used accidental sampling. The research sample consisted of 169 people at 26 health centers. The results showed that there was a relationship between the use of health technology with the nutritional status of children under five (p=0.023), religious beliefs with family philosophy (p=0.024), family closeness (p=0.005), cultural and lifestyle factors (p=0.007), family economy (p=0.015), parental education (p=0.026), all variables have a significant relationship with the nutritional status of infants/toddlers (p=
Yithro Serang, Ainun Nur Hammi
Published: 31 December 2020
JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN, Volume 18, pp 157-162; doi:10.31965/infokes.vol18.iss2.481

Abstract:
It has been well-known that Genjer or yellow velvet leaf (Limnocharis flava) has a potential as an alternative source to natural antioxidants. Antioxidants, such as flavonoids, alkaloids, phenols, tannins, and others are substances which can block the presence of free radicals coming into the body. It has also been examined to be beneficial in treating metabolic syndrome diseases such as diabetes, as it improves insulin’s performance. The objective of this study is to examine the antioxidant effect of yellow velvet leaf’s ethanolic extract (Limnocharis Flava) on blood plasma’s MDA activity in alloxan-induced diabetic rats (Rattus novergicus) in three different doses. The testing animals were randomly divided into five groups, each group consisted of 6 white rats. Group 1 was the negative control and given CMC Na 0.5%, while group 2 was a positive control and given glibenclamide 0.45 mg, group 3 was yellow velvet leaf’s ethanolic extract of 32.5 mg/kg, group 4 was yellow velvet leaf’s ethanolic extract of 65 mg/kg, group 5 was yellow velvet leaf’s ethanolic extract of 130 mg/kg. Previously, all groups were induced with alloxan through intra peritoneal injection. Ethanol extract was provided once on the day of 7th, 14th, and 21st. The observed parameters were blood plasma’s MDA activity in the alloxan-induced diabetic rats (Rattus novergicus). Blood plasma’s MDA activities were assessed by using Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substance (TBARs) method. Then, data were collected and analyzed by using One Way ANOVA followed by a Post hoc test. The results showed that the mean values of MDA levels in the testing groups of 1,2,3,4 and 5 were 9.30 ± 0.462, 2.17 ± 0.121, 6.11 ± 0.381, 4.07 ± 0.327, and 2.75 ± 0.121, respectively. One Way ANOVA test showed a significant difference in the blood plasma’s MDA levels among the groups (p = 0,000). It is concluded that the blood plasma’s MDA levels in alloxan-induced diabetic rats can be lowered by the yellow velvet leaf’s ethanolic extract (Limnocharis Flava). Therefore, it can be employed as a traditional treatment for diabetes.
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