JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 0216504X / 2620536X
Current Publisher: Poltekkes Kemenkes Kupang (10.31965)
Total articles ≅ 34
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C. Ermayani Putriyanti, Eka Ratnawati
Published: 31 December 2019
JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN, Volume 17, pp 119-133; doi:10.31965/infokes.vol17.iss2.296

Abstract:
The degree of understanding of puberty is still very varied. It has an impact on the cleanliness of erroneous menstruation, which will have long-term effects on reproductive health. The study aims to identify adolescent knowledge about normal puberty and menstrual cycles. This research was a quantitative study of observational approach by using the knowledge survey of normal puberty and the menstrual cycle involving 55 students of State Junior High School (SMPN) 1 Parakan, Temanggung, Central Java. The technicality used descriptive statistics. The results of this study revealed that knowledge of the degree of normal paper and the menstrual cycle was still low (21.33%). The main sources of information about puberty and menstruation are thousands (85.5%). Teenagers do not know about the interval between the onset of puberty and menarche (87%), few adolescents understand the first sign of puberty (33%). Most teenagers have understood the normal menstrual cycle correctly (78%). There was no significant relationship between knowledge of the first sign of puberty with respondents' understanding of belief. Meanwhile, there was a significant relationship between menstrual status and knowledge about the menstrual cycle and the number of replacement pads. The results showed that students have a poor understanding of puberty, hence, health education must be given to students and their parents.
Tyas Aulia Hanani, Diah Ratnawati
Published: 31 December 2019
JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN, Volume 17, pp 134-143; doi:10.31965/infokes.vol17.iss2.301

Abstract:
Elderly as an individual who is at risk of encountering health problems such as diabetes mellitus because the body's functional decline requires a family health task in the form of controlling blood glucose levels that are expected to be able to overcome the problem of diabetes mellitus for the elderly. The objective of this study is to determine the relationship of the implementation of family health tasks with controlling blood glucose levels on the elderly. The research design used was descriptive-analytic with a cross-sectional approach. The population of the families who cared for and lived with elderly suffering from diabetes who are older than 60 years was 136 families, so the researchers determined the sample based on a minimum sample using the Slovin formula. The samples obtained were 102 respondents selected by the stratified random sampling method. The univariate analysis used frequency proportions, and bivariate analysis used the chi-square test. The results of this study indicate that there was a relationship between the implementation of family health tasks with controlling blood glucose levels in the elderly with diabetes mellitus with p-value = 0,000 and OR = 56,893. Based on the results of the study, it was found that the implementation of family health tasks has an important role in controlling blood glucose levels on the elderly with diabetes mellitus. The conclusion of this study was there is a significant relationship between the implementation of family health tasks and controlling blood glucose levels on the elderly with diabetes mellitus in Limo Village, Depok.
Yeni Maryani, Rita Herlina, M. Ibraar Ayatullah
Published: 31 December 2019
JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN, Volume 17, pp 161-168; doi:10.31965/infokes.vol17.iss2.279

Abstract:
60.5% of the population in West Kalimantan have problems with oral health. One of them is children with special needs who are blind. Promoting media used for children with special needs is different from the media used for healthy children. Dents-Voice is a teaching aid designed for children with visual impairment as a media for counseling oral health. This device will make a sound when the button is pressed. The sound that comes out is in the form of information relating to damage to the teeth, causes and how to prevent them. This study aims to discover the effectiveness of Dents-Voice props as an educational medium in improving dental and oral health knowledge and can reduce the index debris of the blind. This research is a quasi-experimental pre and posttest without control from a quantitative approach. This research was conducted at SLBN Mempawah Hilir, Ar-Rahmah Foundation, and Al-Iqra Foundation. The population of this research was 21 people. The sample of this study used a total sampling technique. The results of the study used a Paired Sample T-Test; the average value of respondents' initial knowledge was 71.86 and after counseling it, it rose to 90.71 with a P.Value of 0,000. The average value of the respondents' initial index debris was 1.80 and after counseling it, it dropped to 1.09 with a P.Value value of 0,000. The conclusions of this study show that Dents-Voice is effective for increasing knowledge and decreasing the debris index for the blind.
Nunik Ike Yunia Sari, Estin Gita Maringga, Wuri Widi Astuti
Published: 31 December 2019
JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN, Volume 17, pp 88-100; doi:10.31965/infokes.vol17.iss2.292

Abstract:
Breast cancer is the number one cancer as the cause of death in women in developed and developing countries. Breast cancer has the highest case in women in 161 countries. The objective of this study is to analyze the influence of biological and social factors on breast cancer cases in the Public Hospital of Kediri, East Java. The research design was analytic with a retrospective cohort approach. The research sample of 105 respondents used simple random sampling. Data collection was with medical records in January-December, 2017. Data analysis used the path analysis test. The test results obtained breast cancer is influenced by a history of hereditary breast cancer (b=0.17, p=0.001); menopause age (b=0.17, p=0.001); family planning history (b=0.11, p=0.014); parity (b=0.08, p=0.031); age (b=0.21, p=0.001); income (b=0.21, p=0.001). Parity was influenced by income (b=0.45, p
Budiana I Gusti M. Ngurah, Ni Nyoman Yuliani
Published: 31 December 2019
JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN, Volume 17, pp 101-107; doi:10.31965/infokes.vol17.iss2.309

Abstract:
Research on the discovery of organic sunblock today continues to be intensively conducted because cases of skin cancer caused by sun exposure continue to increase from year to year. Recently, what is used to protect the skin from the dangers of sun exposure is a sunblock lotion product. This research aims to synthesize and test the new organic C-phenylcolics [4] resorcinaryl octabenzoat compound. This research is pure experimental research by testing sunblock activity using Ultraviolet-Visible Spectrophotometry. The C-phenylcallic [4] resorcinaryl octabenzoate compound was synthesized by the C-phenylcalcid [4] resorcinarene method with benzoyl chloride using a catalyst and pyridine solvent. Characterization of reaction products used infra-red spectrometers and proton-NMR. Meanwhile, testing sunblock activity was conducted in vitro using the ultraviolet spectrometry method. The synthesis results showed that C-phenylcalcid [4] resorcinyl octabenzoat was in the form of a dark yellow solid, melting point of 238-240 oC and yield of 74.10%. The in vitro test results showed that C-methylcolics [4] resorcinyl octabenzoat has a broad spectrum because it can absorb UV B and UV C rays with an SPF value of 30. This compound has the potential to be developed as a sunblock.
Israfil Israfil, Maria Agustina Making
Published: 31 December 2019
JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN, Volume 17, pp 108-118; doi:10.31965/infokes.vol17.iss2.320

Abstract:
Complications of hypertensive patients are expected to continue to increase. Integrated Health Center of Sikumana, Kupang City is one of the major health centers that have a high case of hypertension complications in Kupang City, NTT Province. The objective of this study is to determine the role of community nurses in the prevention of complications in hypertensive patients at the Integrated Health Center of Sikumana, Kupang City. The research method is descriptive with a survey design. The population in research is nurses in the Integrated Health Center of Sikumana, Kupang City comprising 21 people. The sample was taken from the total population with inclusion criteria of PNS (civil servant) and PTT (non-permanent employee) nurses from the government, minimum education of Nursing D-III, and working period ≥ 2 years. The results showed 52.4% of nurses assessed risk factors for complications in hypertensive patients, 81% formulated nursing diagnoses, 76.2% developed intervention plans, 76.2% implemented, 54.5% conducted community empowerment, 85.7% conducted health education, 95.5% conducted referral in prevention complications in hypertensive patients. It can be concluded that the role of community nurses in the prevention of complications in hypertensive patients in Integrated Health Center of Sikumana, Kupang City has largely been conducted well, and it is recommended that nurses at the Integrated Health Center have participated actively in following various training and work on the community nursing process to comply with the latest instructions and regulations.
Kuntum Ekawati Nurdin, Loisa Ratna Yuvita Olla, Stefany Febiand Feoh, Anita Dwi Putri Galla, Khusnul Dwi Istnaini, Elisabeth Patricia Febriani Jonison, Norma Tiku Kambuno
Published: 31 December 2019
JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN, Volume 17, pp 176-183; doi:10.31965/infokes.vol17.iss2.278

Abstract:
One of the plants that can be used as larvicides is sweet orange (Citrus sinensis). Sweet orange rind containing saponins, tannins, flavonoids, and triterpenoids have a characteristic of aromatic odor and bitter taste which contain 96% essential oils containing limonene, glucoside, hesperidium, and resin that can function as biolarvasides. The Regency of the Middle East South is one of the areas in Indonesia which is known as the center of sweet orange. Soe sweet orange fruit has a distinctive color, aroma, and taste compared to other oranges in Indonesia. The objectives of this study are to discover the effectiveness of the orange rind extract in killing the Aedes aegypti larvae and to identify the minimum concentration of the extract of the sweet, dry rind in killing the larvae. This type of research is experimental post-test only control group design. This research was conducted at the Health Analyst laboratory of Kupang Poltekkes (Health Polytechnic) in January 2019. The third (III) instar larvae were placed in 5 vials, each containing 15 larvae. The total number of samples needed was 375 larvae. It was mixed with 15 ml of Soe sweet orange rind with a concentration of 0.075%, 0.1%, 0.25%, 0.50%, 0.75%. One-Way Anova test results obtained sig p-value=0,000 (p 0.05) meaning that there was an average difference of each concentration. The conclusion of the study shows that the ethanol extract of sweet orange rind (Citrus sinensis L.) is effective in killing Aedes aegypti mosquito larvae with a minimum concentration of ethanol extract sweet orange rind (Citrus sinensis L.) which can kill 0.075% of larvae.
Rahmah Widyaningrum, Ignasia Nila Siwi
Published: 31 December 2019
JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN, Volume 17, pp 152-160; doi:10.31965/infokes.vol17.iss2.307

Abstract:
Children who were hospitalized in 2017 were 3.21% with the percentage of school-age children 47.62%. Hospital is a planned or emergency process where children are required to undergo treatment at the hospital. The reaction of child hospitalization varies, depending on the stage of development, previous illness experiences, support systems, and the children's coping abilities. One of the stressors of pediatric hospitalization is the complexity of the therapeutic procedures provided by nurses and medical teams. The study aims to play therapy as one method in reducing anxiety and increasing children's cooperation during undergoing treatment procedures. The research method was Pre-Experimental Research with One Group Pretest-Posttest approach. A sample of 20 children was with a simple random sampling technique. The study was conducted in April-September 2019 in the Children's Ward of Yogyakarta City Public Hospital. Inclusion criteria: children were first admitted to the hospital on the first or second day; children aged 7-12 years; had no physical disabilities, cognitive and language disorders; had sufficient physical ability to take part in the game. The results of data analysis using paired t-test obtained p value
Irfan Irfan, Israfil Israfil, Marieta Kristina Sulastiawati Bai
Published: 31 December 2019
JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN, Volume 17, pp 144-151; doi:10.31965/infokes.vol17.iss2.324

Abstract:
Filariasis is an infectious disease caused by filarial worms and transmitted by mosquitoes. Efforts to suppress the case of filariasis are eliminated through the administration of filariasis Mass Drug Prevention (MDP). The filariasis MDP program in Ende Regency has been conducted since 2011-2015, and the first phase evaluation was conducted in 2017. This study aims to find a picture of community knowledge about the filariasis elimination program in Ende Regency, to find a picture of behavioral change and environmental management after the implementation of the filariasis elimination program. This research is qualitative research with an ethnographic approach. There were 20 informants consisting of 10 sufferers, 5 patients' families, 3 health workers, and 2 village officials. The results showed that almost all informants had known the Filariasis MDP program and had taken the filariasis drug. Most informants still had behaviors that were at risk of filariasis. The environment where the informant lives did not have a risk for filarial worm breeding. The conclusion of the research shows that the success in handling and preventing filariasis in Detusuko and Welamosa villages are supported by the community's understanding of the MDP program and consuming filariasis medicine, vanishing filarial mosquito breeding places. However, it was still found that community behavior has not changed which are activities outside the home at night, not using long-sleeved clothes and the habit of hanging dirty clothes.
Nike Haryani, Erma Mahmiyah, M. Ibraar Ayatullah
Published: 31 December 2019
JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN, Volume 17, pp 169-175; doi:10.31965/infokes.vol17.iss2.276

Abstract:
Primary school is a very strategic place for the prevention of dental and oral diseases. Delivering counseling material in learning oral health requires media. One of the media in dental and oral health education is through counseling using audio media. This audio media contains messages about dental health that are played at school every morning and can be exposed and heard every day so elementary school children can behave well in dental health. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of audio media outreach programs to the knowledge and level of dental and mouth hygiene of students at State Primary School 26 Kalimas Tengah, Kubu Raya Regency in 2019. This study was a quasi-experimental study with a Pre-Post observation research design. The samples of this study were 68 people which were class III, IV and V. The results showed the average rank of knowledge index before counseling with audio media was 8.928 and p was 0.020 (p
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