Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2621-4709 / 2621-2528
Current Publisher: Politeknik Pertanian Negeri Payakumbuh (10.32530)
Total articles ≅ 66
Current Coverage
DOAJ
Filter:

Latest articles in this journal

Zurai Resti, Yenny Liswarni, Martinius Martinius
Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 4, pp 134-145; doi:10.32530/jaast.v4i2.146

Abstract:
The consortia of endophytic bacteria with various mechanisms (competition, antibiotics, induction of resistance, and others), simultaneously, are more effective in controlling pathogens and increasing plant growth. The purpose of this study was to obtain endophytic bacterial consortia capable of suppressing of bacterial leaf blight and promoting the growth of rice plants. The study consisted of three experimental stages. The first stage was the test on the antibiosis ability of the endophytic bacterial consortia to suppress of pathogenic bacteria Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo) using the Kirby Bauer method. The second stage was the test on the ability of endophytic bacterial consortia to promote the growth of rice seedlings. The experiment was arranged in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) which consisted of six combinations of endophytic bacterial consortia and 15 replications within each combination. The endophytic bacterial consortia were introduced by soaking the seeds, and the observations were made on the plant height, number of leaves, root length, fresh weight, and dry weight of rice seedlings. Meanwhile, the third stage was the test on the ability of endophytic bacterial consortia to suppress of bacterial leaf blight (BLB) diseases and to promote the rice plant growth. The experiment was arranged in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with six combinations of endophytic bacterial consortia and five replications within each combination. The endophytic bacterial consortia were introduced by soaking the roots of the seedlings. The observations were made on the incidence of disease, disease severity, number of leaves, plant height, and number of tillers. The results showed that all endophytic bacterial consortia had antibiosis abilities. The best endophytic bacterial consortia for controlling bacterial leaf blight and promoting the growth of rice seedlings and plants were the C (Bacillus sp SJI; Bacillus sp HI) and D (Bacillus sp SJI; S.marcescens isolate JB1E3) consortia.
Vincent O Rabach, James Koske, Monicah Mucheru Muna, Jonathan Muriuki, Innocent Osoro Ngare
Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 4, pp 118-133; doi:10.32530/jaast.v4i2.170

Abstract:
Dryland ecosystems have always been prone to relatively high vegetation and general environmental degradation; translating to changes in soil physical and chemical properties and massive carbon losses. Despite their vast surface area, Carbon sequestration therein still remains low. However, this low carbon means they are less saturated and therefore a tremendous potential therein to sequester more Carbon. Conservation agriculture with trees (CAWT) presents an opportunity to reduce the degradation and enhance the carbon stocks. This study was set to compare the biomass productivity and carbon sequestration potential of agroforestry between conventional and conservation agriculture practice. The study was carried out as part of ongoing experimentation established in short rain (SR) season of 2012 by the World Agroforestry Centre in a trial site at the Agricultural Training Centre (ATC) in Machakos county, Kenya. The trials adopted a split plot arranged in a randomized complete block design with two farming systems (conventional and conservation agriculture) as the main blocks, 7 treatments and three replicates, summing to a total of 42 plots. In the fields, two shrub species (Calliandra calothyrsus Meissn. and Gliricidia sepium Jacq.) were planted in three different spacing (1.5x1 m, 3x1 m, 4.5x1 m) for maize-legume intercrops. Trees were harvested by coppicing, weighed and leaf/twig samples taken for determination of biomass, which was then converted to Carbon using a conversion factor 0.5. The data was statistically analyzed using ANOVA and means separated using LSD at p
Mardiana Mardiana, Novriza Sativa, Hari Hariadi, Nanda Triandita, Nela Eska Putri
Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 4, pp 189-195; doi:10.32530/jaast.v4i2.138

Abstract:
Functional drinks can be made from local herbal ingredients that are often used for spices such as cinnamon (Cinnamomum burmanni) and cardamom (Amomum compactum). The purpose of this study is to determine the best formulation of cinnamon and cardamon as a herbal drink based on moisture content, ash content , and sensory evaluation. Raw materials were dried at 50 °C until reached a maximum moisture content 10% and were reduced in size. The formulations were made of comparison between cinnamon and cardamom which were A (100: 0)%; B (80:20)%; C (60:40)%; D (50:50)%; E (40:60)%; F (20:80)%; and G (0: 100)%. The moisture content of all formulas is between 7.12-7.33% (
Yelmira Zalfiatri, Fajar Restuhadi, Angga Pramana, Fajar Yuliandri
Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 4, pp 170-180; doi:10.32530/jaast.v4i2.155

Abstract:
Biological processing liquid sago waste is carried out by utilizing microlagae which are symbiotic with decomposer bacteria. The aim of this research was to get chosen treatment of microalgae Chlorella sp. as a reducing BOD, COD and Oil content in Palm Oil Mill Effluent with symbiotic mutualism between microalgae Chorella sp and Agrobost. This research used a Complete Randomized Design (CRD) with treatment 5 times and replication 3 times. This research was microalgae 800 ml/L (with abundance 6.883.000 cell/ml) in 6000 ml of total treatment solution with 5 treatments of Agrobost (0% v/v, 4% v/v, 8% v/v, 12% v/v, and 16% v/v). Data processing using ANOVA and DNRT 5%, the results showed that the concentration of Agrobost had significant affects for BOD, COD, oil and pH. The chosen treatment from the result of this research was 16% v/v which had the value BOD 89.10 mg/L, COD 297.67 mg/L, oil 2.85 mg/L, and pH 9.05.
Ahmad Fudholi
Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 4, pp 86-87; doi:10.32530/jaast.v4i2.185

Neni Trimedona, Rahzarni Rahzarni, Syuryani Syahrul, Yenni Muchrida, Irwan Roza
Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 4, pp 181-188; doi:10.32530/jaast.v4i2.179

Abstract:
The peel of red dragon fruit usually discarded. It is rich in polyphenol compounds that have antioxidant activity and health benefits. This research aimed to determine the antioxidant properties of herbal tea such as phenolic content, betacyanin content, and antioxidant activity. The herbal tea prepared with hot oven drying methods, where’s the fresh peel of red dragon fruit and ginger were cut to be small pieces and dried at 60oC, and ground into tea powder then mixed as treatments. Results showed that the addition of ginger has no significant effect on phenolic content, and betacyanin content decreased by the addition of ginger. The phenolic content of herbal tea (0% ginger) and the highest addition of ginger (12%) were 3.39±1.19 mg GAE/g and 3.59±1.43 mg GAE/g respectively. The betacyanin content were 124.63±1.61 mg/100 g (0% ginger) and 104.01±2.99 mg/100g (12% ginger). As the amount of ginger added increased, the percentage of inhibition of herbal tea decreased from 66.23%±2.67 to 61.19%±2.45%.
Erise Anggraini, Roy Pardingotan, Siti Herlinda, Chandra Irsan, Muhammad Umar Harun
Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 4, pp 101-117; doi:10.32530/jaast.v4i2.165

Abstract:
Many problems arise in the cultivation of crops; one of these problems is insect pests that can threaten crop production. Integrated pest management is an alternative technique for managing the balance of the agricultural environment. Habitat manipulation by increasing plant diversity with refugia is considered an alternative way to maintain natural enemy in an agro ecosystem. The use of soybean as a refugium in a crop field is still limited. Research was conducted to investigate the diversity of predatory arthropods in soybean as a refugium in a chilli pepper crop field at the Agro-technology Training Centre (ATC) at the University of Sriwijaya. In this study, four varieties of soybean (Dena 1, Detam 3 PRIDA, Deja 1, and Devon 1) were used as refugia. Three observation methods were carried out using nets, pitfall traps and visual observation for 7 weeks. The results show that arthropod diversity in soybean plants comprised 6 orders with 10 families and 19 species. Odontoponera denticulata (Hymenoptera) was the most predominant arthropod predator, observed in 73% of all soybean varieties. The number of canopy-dwelling arthropod predators was similar in the four soybean varieties.
Shams Shaila Islam, Riyad Ul-Hasan Karim, Harmailis Chaniago, Sohrab Hossain
Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 4, pp 88-100; doi:10.32530/jaast.v4i2.178

Abstract:
This research was conducted to investigate the effect of different herbicides with weed management practices on growth and yield performance of mungbean genotypes. The experiment consisted of two factors were mungbean genotypes and weed management. There were two genotypes namely BARI Mung 6 and BARI Mung 8. While there were five weed management practices namely control/no weeding and without herbicide application (T1), hand weeding at 20 and 40 DAS (T2), pre emergence herbicide (Panida) at 1-2 DAS (T3), pre emergence herbicide (Neon) at 2-3 DAS (T4), and post emergence herbicide (Neon) at 10-15 DAS+hand weeding (T5). The results revealed that BARI Mung 6 stand superior to BARI Mung 8 in respect of dry matter content/plant, pods/plant, seeds/plant, seed yield, and 1000 seed weight. Among weed management practices, maximum plant height (53.70 cm), dry matter weight/plant (17.96 g), pods/plant (18.31), seeds/plant (171.47), maximum weed control efficiency (33.78 %) obtained from T3 treatment. Based on the interaction effect showed that BARI Mung 6 weeded with pre emergence herbicide (Panida) at 1-2 DAS produced maximum seed yield (1.79 t/ha) as well as yield attributes showed 2.29 % higher seed yield.
Nelson Elita, Rita Erlinda, Agustamar Agustamar
Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 4, pp 155-169; doi:10.32530/jaast.v4i2.162

Abstract:
The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) operates under aerobic conditions so that helpful microbes are active and abundant. Effective N-fixing rhizobacteria and indigenous phosphate solubilizers Azotobacter and Pseudomonas grow well in the organic compost Bioorganic because it resembles their natural habitat. The purpose of this research is to find out the right dose of Bioorganic fertilizer and the most N and P doses needed to optimize the SRI method of rice crop production. This research uses a factorial randomized block design. The first factor is Bioorganic fertilizer dosage (1, 3, and 6) t ha-1. The second factor is the dose of N and P fertilizers to use (0, 25, 50, and 75)% of the recommended dosage. The results of this study inform you about Bioorganic fertilizers containing Azotobacter and Pseudomonas fluorescens indigenous. Azotobacter bacteria produce the availability of nutrients N, which functions as Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR), these bacteria quickly colonize the root system, regulate hormonal balance, nutrition, and encourage resistance to pathogens. Pseudomonas fluorescens bacteria acts as a provider of phosphorus and nutrients in the generative phase. Both of these microbes have a role in SRI method of rice plant metabolism to increase vegetative and generative growth of rice plants with SRI method with production reaching production of 8.80 t ha-1 in B2 (3 t ha-1) and N2P2 (50%) with the production of 9.21 t ha-1, so the use of inorganic fertilizers is more efficient. Rice soil nutrient status increased pH from slightly acidic to neutral, C-organic increased from 1.27% (low) to 9.30-10.68% (high), N total from 0.13% (low) to 0.45-0.58% (high), P- available from 13.0 ppm reaching 18.0-20.0 ppm (moderate), the Bioorganic application has not been able to increase the C: N, CEC value and base saturation. Nutrient uptake of N and P on the leaves of rice plants is better at dose B2. Bioorganic applications increase the nutrient content of paddy soils planted with the SRI method compared to initial soil nutrient analysis.
Endar Hidayat, Asmak Afriliana, Gusmini Gusmini, Hiroyuki Harada
Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 4, pp 146-154; doi:10.32530/jaast.v4i2.169

Abstract:
Japan is the 3rd largest importer and consumer of coffee in the world. Considering have many demands of coffee, Japan is looking alternatives for improving to growing and the productivity of coffee. The research was aimed to assessment land suitability class for (arabica and robusta) coffee and land suitability evaluation of coffee. 3 soil samplings were collected from the study area. Matching method is used to evaluate the land suitability with parameter: temperature, elevation, rainfall, slope, pH, and nitrogen. The results showed that climate and physical condition of land area very suitable to grow robusta crops, and its level appropriateness is S1 (highly suitable). However, typhoon is problem in every year for growing coffee crops, but it can be handling by planting protecting crops.
Back to Top Top