Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 26214709 / 26212528
Current Publisher: Politeknik Pertanian Negeri Payakumbuh (10.32530)
Total articles ≅ 48
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Anna Anggraini, Kesuma Sayuti, Rina Yenrina
Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 3, pp 268-279; doi:10.32530/jaast.v3i2.114

Abstract:Base on previous studies showing that sugar palm fruit can be made as jam with the addition of Asian melastome fruit as a natural coloring. This sugar palm fruit jam product is packaged with jar and pouch packaging. shelf Life information for this product is unknown. The purpose of this study is to determine the rate of change in quality, critical parameters, and estimate the shelf life of sugar palm fruit jam with Arrhenius Model which is simulated at three storage temperature conditions (28⁰C, 38⁰C, and 48⁰C). Parameters observed during the storage process are water content, water activity (aw), pH, color (L), anthocyanin, and antioxidant activity (IC50). The results showed that the smallest activation energy value was used to determine product shelf life, it is color parameters (L) (first order reaction) with linear regression y = -4715.x + 9,787 on jar bottle packaging and y = -2021.x + 1,387 on packaging pouch. The age of storing sugar palm fruit jam with jar bottles is 93 days at 28⁰C and on the packaging pouch for 40 days at 28⁰C.
Suhas Sridhar, Rohan Patil, Aaquib Ashfaq, Harsha Vardhan, Anil Kumar
Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 3, pp 179-188; doi:10.32530/jaast.v3i2.105

Abstract:Nowadays the position of natural fibers in the world fiber is stable, growing in the area of their application, not only in textiles but also in more eco-friendly composites. This work is focused on study of the effect of SiC as filler material on the banana peduncle/Carbon fibers reinforced hybrid composites. Four different laminates are fabricated by varying the matrix composition (BP, BP+SiC, carbon+BP, Carbon+BP+SiC ). The alkaline treatment with 6% NaoH of the BP fibers improves the specific strength and binding properties. The filler added composites laminates shows higher mechanical properties. From the results, it is seen that mechanical properties like Tensile, Flexural, ILSS, Impact and hardness are improved by 89, 75, 99, 68 and 64% by the addition of the SiC to the banana peduncle/Carbon fiber composite laminate.
Yun Sondang, Khazy Anty, Ramond Siregar
Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 3, pp 213-225; doi:10.32530/jaast.v3i2.121

Abstract:The productivity of land and plants have decreased slowly, due to the use of inorganic fertilizers continuously. Efforts to improve productivity are reducing inorganic fertilizers and returning organic matter to the soil. The aim of this research are (1) to identify the chemical characteristics of biofertilizer with an indigenous microorganism as bioactivators and (2) to study the effect of biofertilizer on nutrient uptake of maize plant. The research was conducted at Laboratory, Greenhouse, and Experimental Field of Politeknik Pertanian Negeri Payakumbuh, West Sumatra Indonesia. The first step experiment in the Laboratory was produced indigenous microorganism from banana humps. The second step of making bio-fertilizers in Greenhouse used a Completely Randomized Design with four treatments of indigenous microorganism (IMO) level 0%, 10%, 20%, 30% in biofertilizer with five replications. The third step of biofertilizer application on the Experimental Field used Randomized Block Design Factorial arranged with two factors and three replications, the first factor IMO level in biofertilizer (M) 0%, 10%, 20%, 30% and the second factor was the dosage of inorganic fertilizer (P) 0%, 50%, 100% of the recommended dosage, 12 combinations of treatments were obtained. Results showed that microbe consortium (Enterobacter cloacae, Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas fluorescens, Aspergillus niger, and Trichoderma asperellum) in biofertilizers with different levels would affect the chemical characteristics of biofertilizer. Biofertilizers influences nutrient uptake of P and K maize plant, while inorganic fertilizer influences nutrient uptake of N and P maize plant.
Fithra Herdian, Sri Aulia Novita, Indra Laksmana, Mohammad Riza Nurtam, Rildiwan Rildiwan, Zulnadi Zulnadi
Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 3, pp 309-319; doi:10.32530/jaast.v3i2.125

Abstract:West Sumatra-Indonesia has potential to plant coconut due to the coastal location, sunshine level with average temperature 27oC. Coconut is a very productive plant. Coconut dehusking is one of the process that takes a lot of time and energy. Most of the farmer still using human manual labour with the help of tools made of iron or wooden crowbar that is mounted standing vertically with the blade facing upward about 80 cm from the ground. To increase the number of coconut products, it is designed the coconut dehusker machine. The main component of the machine were two rollers that rotate each other in opposite directions with each roller embedded iron-shaped nails that work to tear the coconut husk. Each roller has a different rotational speed. This machine has dimensions of 98 cm x 51 cm x 95 cm. Roller length is 50 cm and diameter 4 inches. The power source of the machine is a 2 HP electric motor, the speed was reduced by using 2 speeds reducer with the ratio of 1:20 and 1:30 respectively. From the performance test of this machine can dehusk 100 coconuts per hour. The operational basic cost of the machine equal to Rp 129.89 per coconut (about 1 cent) and Break Event Point is 12.387 coconut per year from the result of the performance test. From the economic analysis machine can be concluded that the use of this machine is better when compared to human labour which has limitation to duration and capacity.
Sudiono Sudiono, Soerjono Hadi Sutjahyo, Nurheni Wijayanto, Purnama Hidayat, Rachman Kurniawan
Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 3, pp 239-256; doi:10.32530/jaast.v3i2.119

Abstract:The objective of this research was to formulate a policy strategy for integrated pest management by using SWOT AHP methods (case study on vegetable cultivation in Lampung Province). This method used A’WOT; the combination of AHP (Analytical Hierarchy Process) analysis and SWOT (Strength-Weakness-Opportunity-Threat) analysis. The analysis result showed the main strength factors becoming the base for sustainable agricultural business were the availability of good structures and infrastructures both in production and marketing, and the availability of sufficient production structure (seeds) with good quality and quantity. The weakness factors becoming concern were dominantly lack of institutional funding (capital) for vegetable business, many problems in the integrated pest management (IPM) technology implementation stage, many problems in good agriculture practices (GAP), and numbers of families making their life as farmers. The opportunity factors were the availability of IPM and GAP technologies, growing campaign for consuming domestic products reducing import, and high government commitment to improve vegetable farmers’ welfare. The threats to concern were no protection operational base and farmer’s empowerment, very few institutional funding (capital) for vegetable business, and many problems in the GAP and technology implementation. Six strategies becoming priority in order were drafting the regulation and standard of operation that regulate IPM and GAP implementations; strengthening farmer’ institution, capital and agricultural insurance; drafting legality of operational protection and farmer’s empowerment; agricultural intensification in order to improve quantity, quality, safety, and environmental insight for food security and independency; optimization of technology transfer by socialization or education of IPM and GAP for vegetable crops; and inexpensive IPM system based controlling technology development and effective and efficient of alternative production structures.
Naswir Naswir, Elvin Hasman, A Irwan
Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 3, pp 320-327; doi:10.32530/jaast.v3i2.104

Abstract:This research is aim to provide design and prototype of rotary electrical controled drumdrier machine for drying organic fertilizer to increased production capacity and quality by using a source of heat energy from electricity. This machine consists of five main components i.e. drying cylinder, heating unit, support frame, engine and transmission system. Engine specifications are high 130 cm, 720 cm long, and 120 cm wide, cylinder diameter 60 cm, power engine 14 hp, and heating temperature 142 oC. engine performance test are: capasity 805,03 kg/hours, drying rate 27,40 %/hours, noise level 81,54 db. cost analysis result are operational cost 155,06 Rp/kg and Break Event Point 159.219,73 kg/years
Ifmalinda Ifmalinda, Imas Siti Setiasih, Mimin Muhaemin, Sarifah Nurjanah
Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 3, pp 280-288; doi:10.32530/jaast.v3i2.110

Abstract:Chemical characteristics of coffee are depended on types of coffee. Different types of coffee have the unique characteristic. Chemical components have significant effects on taste and aroma of brewing. Those characteristics are the result of volatile and nonvolatile components during roasting then affecting taste. Kopi Luwak has distinct chemical and taste from regular coffee. On previous research, Marcone (2004b) and Mahendratta et al. (2011) explained that quality improvement on Kopi Luwak is result of lower protein content and higher fat content compared to regular coffee. Lower protein content reduces bitter taste while higher fat content can increase body or feeling heavy. The aim of this research was to obtain information about chemical compound of Kopi Luwak and regular Arabica coffee. From this study, it can be analyzed that protein content of regular green coffee beans was 9.48%, and regular roasted bean was 11.3% while protein content of Kopi Luwak green bean was 8.8%, and its roasted bean was 10.12%. Further, caffeine content had been analyzed where regular coffee beans contained 0.70% and its roasted bean contained 0.61% while caffeine content of green bean from Kopi Luwak was 0.51%, and its roasted bean was 0.47%. pH valued was also observed where regular green bean was 6.7 and regular roasted bean was 6.9 while green bean of Kopi Luwak was 5.3 and its roasted bean 5.7. Moreover, sugar content of regular coffee beans was 1.9% and its roasted bean was 0.015% while sugar content of Kopi Luwak green bean was 1.6% while its roasted bean was 0.013%. Fat content of regular green coffee beans was 8.5% and its roasted bean was 11.7% while fat content of Kopi Luwak green bean was 9.3% and its roasted bean was 12.2%. Fatty acid content of regular coffee beans consisted of hexadecanoic acid with area 40.3%, Kopi Luwak bean was 44.3%, and octadecenoic content with area 2.46% while Kopi Luwak bean was 7.12%.
Mavinker Rangappa Sanjay, Suchart Siengchin
Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 3, pp 178-178; doi:10.32530/jaast.v3i2.108

Rina Sriwati, Tjut Chamzhurni, Alfizar Alfizar, Bonny Pw Soekarno, Vina Maulidia, Irza Sahputra
Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 3, pp 202-212; doi:10.32530/jaast.v3i2.120

Abstract:Molleculler study was conducted to identify several species of Trichoderma isolate from several plant (Pine, Cacao, Gliceria, Nutmeg, Bamboo, Coffee, Potato). The growth of eight species Trichodermaafter pelleting formulation has been observed. Pellet Trichoderma harzianum have good ability to growth on PDA medium after 4 weeks storage. Base on their mycelium diameter growth on PDA, T. harzianum have selected as potential species on pellet formulation growth. Several dose of pellet formulation have been applied for controlling Phythopthora disease. The application of T. harzianum pellets in the form of a 2 g / 100 ml (S1) suspension effective in inhibiting the development of Phytophthora sp in cacao seedlings, when the higher concentrations of T. harzianum pellets applied to cacao seeds,the disease severity increase. Pellet Trichoderma could be use as biological control agent of cacao seedling in certain dosage.
Rince Alfia Fadri, Kesuma Sayuti, Novizar Nazir, Irfan Suliansyah
Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 3, pp 189-201; doi:10.32530/jaast.v3i2.117

Abstract:The purpose of this study were to determine the effect of temperature and roasting duration on physical characteristics and quality of arabica coffee sensory,: find out the best temperature and roasting duration treatmen to physical characteristics and quality of arabica coffee sensory. This study used a factorial complete randomized design with two factors (200°C, 220°C and 240°C) and duration of roasting (12, 15, and 18 minutes). The variables observed in this study were rendemen (sucrose content of sugar cane crop or sample), water content, color value, acidity and sensory test of arabica coffee. The results showed that temperature and duration of roasting had effect on rendemen, water content, color value, acidity, flavor, taste and color of arabica coffee. The temperature of 220 ° C with 12 minutes of roasting is produceed the best physical characteristics and sensory quality of Singgalang arabica coffee, with 88.1% of rendemen, 1.23% of water content (bb), different color L (Lightness) 6,07, acidity 5.81, scent score 3.5), taste score value of 3.2, color score 3.6.