Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 26214709 / 26212528
Current Publisher: Politeknik Pertanian Negeri Payakumbuh (10.32530)
Total articles ≅ 48
Filter:

Latest articles in this journal

Sri Aulia Novita, Hendra Hendra, Jamaluddin Jamaluddin, Muhammad Makky, Khandra Fahmi
Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 3, pp 299-308; doi:10.32530/jaast.v3i2.112

Abstract:
The quality of rubber processed materials, that is produced by the farmer is generally low and can be seen from their colour, pollutants levels, foul odour and the very cheap price. To improve the quality of the rubber should be done both in terms of its treatment and processing equipment. The main objective of this research is to enhance and improve the quality of farmer's rubber processed materials by using natural coagulant which liquid smoke to agglomerate the rubber, and designing of rubber grinding machine. The component of rubber grinding machine including hopper, regulating entry materials, three rollers, pulleys and belt, outlet, gears, engine, regulating the thickness and chassis. In this research, the thickness rubber after grinding is 3-5 mm accordance with Indonesian National Standard rubber. Processed material rubber produced is white and no pollutants. The coagulant used was liquid smoke with a concentration of 10 -20%, where this addition affects the agglomeration speed of rubber and smelled slightly of smoke. The average rate of Feed is 48.58 kg / h, a capacity of the machine is 37.40 kg/hr and cost of operation is Rp. 650 / kg.
I K Budaraga, Eva Susanti, Asnurita Asnurita, Elliza Nurdin, Ramaiyulis Ramaiyulis
Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 3, pp 226-238; doi:10.32530/jaast.v3i2.106

Abstract:
Agricultural and plantation wastes, especially cocoa plants, have not been widely used, although in some conditions they have potential as animal feed ingredients and raw materials for composting. So needs a program potential utilization of waste produced by the plant cocoa is cocoa shell waste such as being liquid smoke. Liquid smoke is a natural food preservative. One of the advantages of liquid smoke is antioxidant compounds. This study aims to know the antioxidant activity of cocoa shell liquid smoke on a variety of different water content. This research is an experimental quantitative descriptive method so that an analysis of the antioxidant activity of liquid smoke from cocoa peel is obtained. The results showed that the liquid smoke of cocoa peels at a moisture content of 25%, 20%, 15%, and 10% had strong antioxidant activity because the IC 50 values obtained were below 50 ppm.
Atmiral Ernes, Poppy Diana Sari, Rukmi Sari Hartati, I Nyoman Suprapta Winaya
Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 3, pp 289-298; doi:10.32530/jaast.v3i2.109

Abstract:
Diesel oil demand as energy source at industrial, transportation and electric generating sector are increasing and it resulted with the decreasing of fossil energy source backup. Biodiesel as an alternative energy source to substitute diesel oil can be utilized from used fried oil of sardine flour. The purpose of this research was to develop the technology to convert used fried oil of sardine flour to become biodiesel using one step trans-esterification technic as an alternative of renewable energy source and also to utilize waste of used oil. Biodiesel made using one step trans-esterification technic with NaOH catalyst concentration 0.5; 1.0; 1.5; 2.0 (% m/m) from total weight of oil and methanol. Trans-esterification process run for 30, 60 and 90 minutes at 65 temperature. The biodiesel obtained was analyzed using gas chromatography and mass spectrometer (GC-MS). The quality was determined by comparing its physicochemical properties and compared to the SNI standard 04-7182-2015. The result of GC-MS showed 10 peaks corresponding to ten methyl ester (biodiesel): octanoic acid methyl ester; decanoic acid methyl ester; dodecanoic methyl ester; tridecanoic acid, 12-methyl-, methyl ester; pentadecanoic acid methyl ester; hexadecatrienoic acid methyl ester, 9-hexadecenoic acid methyl ester, 9-hexadecenoic acid methyl ester, trans-13-octadecenoic acid methyl ester, hexadecanoic acid methyl ester. The biodiesel obtained has a density of 908 kg/m3, viscosity of 3.13 mm2/s, acid value of 0.29 mg-KOH/g found in treatment 1.5% NaOH and time process of 60 minutes. Viscosity and acid value were in a good agreement with SNI standard 04-7182-2015. The research shows that used fried oil of sardine flour has possibility as biodiesel source. Keywords: Biodiesel; sardine flour used cooking oil; trans-esterification
Rover Rover, Reni Mayerni, Yulmira Yanti, Auzar Syarif
Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 3, pp 257-267; doi:10.32530/jaast.v3i2.116

Abstract:
The IAA potentials of endophytic bacteria indigenous isolated from roots palm oil in west Sumatra. Isolate were characterized on the basis of visual observation, gram staining, hypersensitive reaction and IAA producing bacteria. Subsequently, effect on plant growth was tested by nursery palm oil used random design block. Out of 82 isolates, base on gram test 12 isolates were gram negative and 70 isolates grams positive and then results on the reaction hypersensitive test (HR test) there are 8 isolates that positive which means the isolate cannot be applied on the soil and plant. Eighty isolates selected were able to produce IAA that was between ppm 0,30ppm - 3,65ppm. Seven isolates showed clearly the growth promoting plant under field condition. Hence, these isolates are promising plant growth promoting isolates showing multiple attributes that can significantly influence the nursery palm oil. The result of present study, treatment E3.1.2 has higher plant most of the other treatment i.e. 21,93 cm and number of leaves i.e. 4,33 leaves.
Mavinker Rangappa Sanjay, Suchart Siengchin
Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 3, pp 178-178; doi:10.32530/jaast.v3i2.108

R Sriwati, Tjut Chamzhurni, Alfizar Alfizar, Bonny Pw Soekarno, Vina Maulidia, Irza Sahputra
Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 3, pp 202-212; doi:10.32530/jaast.v3i2.120

Abstract:
Molleculler study was conducted to identify several species of Trichoderma isolate from several plant (Pine, Cacao, Gliceria, Nutmeg, Bamboo, Coffee, Potato). The growth of eight species Trichodermaafter pelleting formulation has been observed. Pellet Trichoderma harzianum have good ability to growth on PDA medium after 4 weeks storage. Base on their mycelium diameter growth on PDA, T. harzianum have selected as potential species on pellet formulation growth. Several dose of pellet formulation have been applied for controlling Phythopthora disease. The application of T. harzianum pellets in the form of a 2 g / 100 ml (S1) suspension effective in inhibiting the development of Phytophthora sp in cacao seedlings, when the higher concentrations of T. harzianum pellets applied to cacao seeds,the disease severity increase. Pellet Trichoderma could be use as biological control agent of cacao seedling in certain dosage.
Rince Alfia Fadri, Kesuma Sayuti, Novizar Nazir, Irfan Suliansyah
Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 3, pp 189-201; doi:10.32530/jaast.v3i2.117

Abstract:
The purpose of this study were to determine the effect of temperature and roasting duration on physical characteristics and quality of arabica coffee sensory,: find out the best temperature and roasting duration treatmen to physical characteristics and quality of arabica coffee sensory. This study used a factorial complete randomized design with two factors (200°C, 220°C and 240°C) and duration of roasting (12, 15, and 18 minutes). The variables observed in this study were rendemen (sucrose content of sugar cane crop or sample), water content, color value, acidity and sensory test of arabica coffee. The results showed that temperature and duration of roasting had effect on rendemen, water content, color value, acidity, flavor, taste and color of arabica coffee. The temperature of 220 ° C with 12 minutes of roasting is produceed the best physical characteristics and sensory quality of Singgalang arabica coffee, with 88.1% of rendemen, 1.23% of water content (bb), different color L (Lightness) 6,07, acidity 5.81, scent score 3.5), taste score value of 3.2, color score 3.6.
Ifmalinda Ifmalinda, Imas Siti Setiasih, Mimin Muhaemin, Sarifah Nurjanah
Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 3, pp 280-288; doi:10.32530/jaast.v3i2.110

Abstract:
Chemical characteristics of coffee are depended on types of coffee. Different types of coffee have the unique characteristic. Chemical components have significant effects on taste and aroma of brewing. Those characteristics are the result of volatile and nonvolatile components during roasting then affecting taste. Kopi Luwak has distinct chemical and taste from regular coffee. On previous research, Marcone (2004b) and Mahendratta et al. (2011) explained that quality improvement on Kopi Luwak is result of lower protein content and higher fat content compared to regular coffee. Lower protein content reduces bitter taste while higher fat content can increase body or feeling heavy. The aim of this research was to obtain information about chemical compound of Kopi Luwak and regular Arabica coffee. From this study, it can be analyzed that protein content of regular green coffee beans was 9.48%, and regular roasted bean was 11.3% while protein content of Kopi Luwak green bean was 8.8%, and its roasted bean was 10.12%. Further, caffeine content had been analyzed where regular coffee beans contained 0.70% and its roasted bean contained 0.61% while caffeine content of green bean from Kopi Luwak was 0.51%, and its roasted bean was 0.47%. pH valued was also observed where regular green bean was 6.7 and regular roasted bean was 6.9 while green bean of Kopi Luwak was 5.3 and its roasted bean 5.7. Moreover, sugar content of regular coffee beans was 1.9% and its roasted bean was 0.015% while sugar content of Kopi Luwak green bean was 1.6% while its roasted bean was 0.013%. Fat content of regular green coffee beans was 8.5% and its roasted bean was 11.7% while fat content of Kopi Luwak green bean was 9.3% and its roasted bean was 12.2%. Fatty acid content of regular coffee beans consisted of hexadecanoic acid with area 40.3%, Kopi Luwak bean was 44.3%, and octadecenoic content with area 2.46% while Kopi Luwak bean was 7.12%.
Yun Sondang, Khazy Anty, Ramond Siregar
Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 3, pp 213-225; doi:10.32530/jaast.v3i2.121

Abstract:
The productivity of land and plants have decreased slowly, due to the use of inorganic fertilizers continuously. Efforts to improve productivity are reducing inorganic fertilizers and returning organic matter to the soil. The aim of this research are (1) to identify the chemical characteristics of biofertilizer with an indigenous microorganism as bioactivators and (2) to study the effect of biofertilizer on nutrient uptake of maize plant. The research was conducted at Laboratory, Greenhouse, and Experimental Field of Politeknik Pertanian Negeri Payakumbuh, West Sumatra Indonesia. The first step experiment in the Laboratory was produced indigenous microorganism from banana humps. The second step of making bio-fertilizers in Greenhouse used a Completely Randomized Design with four treatments of indigenous microorganism (IMO) level 0%, 10%, 20%, 30% in biofertilizer with five replications. The third step of biofertilizer application on the Experimental Field used Randomized Block Design Factorial arranged with two factors and three replications, the first factor IMO level in biofertilizer (M) 0%, 10%, 20%, 30% and the second factor was the dosage of inorganic fertilizer (P) 0%, 50%, 100% of the recommended dosage, 12 combinations of treatments were obtained. Results showed that microbe consortium (Enterobacter cloacae, Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas fluorescens, Aspergillus niger, and Trichoderma asperellum) in biofertilizers with different levels would affect the chemical characteristics of biofertilizer. Biofertilizers influences nutrient uptake of P and K maize plant, while inorganic fertilizer influences nutrient uptake of N and P maize plant.
Fithra Herdian, Sri Aulia Novita, Indra Laksmana, Mohammad Riza Nurtam, Rildiwan Rildiwan, Zulnadi Zulnadi
Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology, Volume 3, pp 309-319; doi:10.32530/jaast.v3i2.125

Abstract:
West Sumatra-Indonesia has potential to plant coconut due to the coastal location, sunshine level with average temperature 27oC. Coconut is a very productive plant. Coconut dehusking is one of the process that takes a lot of time and energy. Most of the farmer still using human manual labour with the help of tools made of iron or wooden crowbar that is mounted standing vertically with the blade facing upward about 80 cm from the ground. To increase the number of coconut products, it is designed the coconut dehusker machine. The main component of the machine were two rollers that rotate each other in opposite directions with each roller embedded iron-shaped nails that work to tear the coconut husk. Each roller has a different rotational speed. This machine has dimensions of 98 cm x 51 cm x 95 cm. Roller length is 50 cm and diameter 4 inches. The power source of the machine is a 2 HP electric motor, the speed was reduced by using 2 speeds reducer with the ratio of 1:20 and 1:30 respectively. From the performance test of this machine can dehusk 100 coconuts per hour. The operational basic cost of the machine equal to Rp 129.89 per coconut (about 1 cent) and Break Event Point is 12.387 coconut per year from the result of the performance test. From the economic analysis machine can be concluded that the use of this machine is better when compared to human labour which has limitation to duration and capacity.