GYMNASIUM

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 1453-0201 / 2344-5645
Published by: Vasile Alecsandri University of Bacau (10.29081)
Total articles ≅ 192
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Alecu Ștefan, Dragoș Ionescu-Bondoc
Published: 31 December 2020
Abstract:
A component that we chose to analyze is the psychological one, highlighted by the coordinative capacities and the proprioceptive sensations that, within the sport training of the 110 m hurdles, we analyze through kinematic recordings and develop through individualized programs of proprioceptive exercises. The subjects were advised about the potential for error correction and the progress that can be achieved by repeated and continuous analysis of the mistakes made by them during the phases of the running of the hurdles, but also by an individualized proprioceptive training program, oriented to an impulse with a as sharp an angle as possible, a faster passage, grouped and balanced in the flight phase and a safe landing, oriented towards a forward projection of the CGM, to allow an optimal continuation of the running between the hurdles.
Mihaela Butnariu
Published: 31 December 2020
Abstract:
There are many situations where a part of the spare time is lost, either because some people do not establish a realistic program, whether they do not comply with this program bypostponing the planned actions for various reasons. It is extremely important for students that their leisure time be organized in order to include certain accessible forms of outdoorrecreation, being known the beneficial effects of practicing exercise, sport and tourism on the physical, intellectual, emotional and social health. Education is a core component inshaping the skills of judicious use of leisure time among young people, contributing to the evolution of their lives. In order to have only positive effects, the leisure sure time must bespent in a useful and enjoyable way. There are several factors that can influence how young people spend their free time, namely: family, colleagues, friends, financial resources, media, the internet.
Elena Rabolu
Published: 31 December 2020
Abstract:
Worldwide, cerebral vascular accident is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality. According to the World Health Organization, 6,5 million cerebrovascular accident- induced deaths were recorded in 2011. In Romania, the cerebrovascular accident is the third mortality cause, after cancer and cardiovascular diseases. The number of cerebral vasculo-circulatory diseases continues to grow, due to atherosclerosis and high blood pressure frequency. Physical therapy aims to help patients gradually recover the range of motion in their lower and upper limbs, reduce oedema, prevent bed sores, prevent or reduce joint stiffness, as well as recover the ability to perform day to day activities. The purpose of this paper was to highlight physical therapy’s beneficial outcome when applied individualised to a patient having had a cerebral vascular accident with a view to improving the psycho- motor and sensory imbalances accompanying this diagnosis.
Mihai Constantin Răzvan Barbu, Ioan Turcu, Isabela Elena Sandu, Dragoș Laurențiu Diaconescu, Leonardo Daniel Păsărin, Marius Cătălin Popescu
Published: 31 December 2020
Abstract:
With the evolution of technology, its applicability in a large number of fields has always been a benefit. It is not surprising that the world of sports has gained a lot from technological discoveries. Applying certain improvements of this kind in sports has not only been a great advantage, but in some cases, it can be said that it has revolutionized this world of competition. In the paper "The impact of technology on the definition of sport" we try to present the development of technology in all fields, including sports, a number of advantages and disadvantages of this development and digitization, as well as a presentation of the most important technological discoveries in the world of sports.
Radenko Arsenijevic, Igor Ilic, Veroljub Stankovic
Published: 31 December 2020
Abstract:
The aims of this study were (a) to assess the ability of the rating of perceived exertion (RPE) to predict performance loss (i.e. percent of drop in height relative to maximal height) of vertical jump session until voluntary failure, and (b) to determine the ability of RPE to describe the physiological demand of this session via heart rate monitor. Ten healthy men performed vertical jumps (counter-movement jump) until voluntary failure. Before session start maximal jump height for every subject was determined. Heart rate and RPE, separately for legs (RPE legs) and for breath (RPE breath), were recorded every ten jumps throughout the sessions. Results have shoved that RPE legs and performance loss have about 99% of same variance ( =0,9899; p<0,000), and RPE breath explains about 98% heart rate variance ( =0,9789; p<0,000) in vertical jump session until voluntary failure.
Paul Claudiu Cotîrleț
Published: 31 December 2020
Abstract:
For a long time in the theory of international relations, the role of sport in promoting and developing relations between different states was neglected, which attracted criticism from specialists such as, for example, Trevor Taylor. The need for studies on the role of sports movement in the development of international relations was pointed out by Peter Beck, who pointed out that the theory of international relations has kept an appreciable distance from sport. In this paper I want to fill this information gap based on a series of unprocessed documents, primary sources, found especially in the Balkan region. Sport overcame the barrier of behaviors and social processes that are based on spending free time, succeeding through the involvement of politics to become a "player" in the arena of international relations.
Igor Ilić, Veroljub Stanković, Hadži Saša Ilić
Published: 31 December 2020
Abstract:
The goal of this research is to determine the modal characteristics of technical and tactical actions in handball offense. The subject sample consists of elite Serbian national handball teams. The observed variables are selected based on the unique criteria that characterizes the conclusion of the offensive actions, both in situations when there is an equal and unequal number of players on the field. The results confirm that all analysed actions are not equally represented in play of the observed teams and that there are multiple factors that contribute to the final team standing. The data shows that the defining characteristic and the highest offensive efficiency of the best teams was achieved by using counterattacks, which is to be expected given the fast pace of the modern handball.
George Dănuț Mocanu, Mircea Dan Mocanu,
Published: 30 December 2020
Abstract:
The study aims to identify the features related to the leisure budget, the factors that limit its value, as well as general and sports activities related to leisure, for a niche sample, represented by the teachers pursuing professional conversion courses in physical education specialization. The statistical calculation and the interpretation of the obtained data validate the working hypotheses, regarding the variety of given answers and the fidelity of the features measured by the questionnaire we made. The diversity of the items allowed the measurement of the opinions of those investigated using the Likert scale, for multiple aspects of the researched problem, as well as a highlighting of the existing differences according to the sex for the measured characteristics. The paper synthesizes defining features for the issue of leisure, in the context of changes in the current socio-economic environment, it is appropriate to continue the study on other representative samples of the population.
Lazar Toskić, Veroljub Stanković, Dragan Toskić
Published: 30 December 2020
Abstract:
The research aim is to identify differences in body composition between physically inactive persons and students of the Faculty of sport and physical education. The sampleconsisted of 32 people (16 men and 16 women) with an average age of 24.6 ± 3.3 years. Body composition measurements were performed using bioelectrical impedance (BIA)method using an electric scale, bioimpedance (In Body 720). The MANOVA and t-test results showed that there were no statistically significant differences in body compositionbetween physically inactive persons and students of the Faculty of sport and physical education (F = 0.778; p = 0.595). The obtained results could indicate the shortcomings ofthe curriculum at the Faculty of sport and physical education, whose contents, intensity and/or volume do not sufficiently stimulate the student body, as well as the failure ofstudents to fulfil extracurricular obligations and their poor health habits.
Luis Carrasco, Manuel Jesus Jiménez-Roldán, Borja Sañudo, José M Riquelme, Inmaculada C Martínez-Díaz
Published: 30 December 2020
Abstract:
This pilot study was aimed to evaluate the acute effects of a sedentary-focused intervention through threatening communication on college student’s emotions. Thirty-six female college students (mean age 20.8  2.7 years) who participated voluntarily where exposed to five neutral and five sedentary-related threatening video messages. In order to evaluate the emotional impact of the messages, the subjects’ faces were recorded and analyzed during these expositions using a facial expression recognition software (Face Reader System 4.0), and assessing the time-lapse percentage of the following basic expressions: neutral, sad, angry, surprised, scared, and disgusted. Compared to the neutral messages, a non-significant increase in sad, angry, and disgusted expressions were observed after threatening intervention; nevertheless, the effect size (d) for the disgusted expression was .832. Moreover, the time-lapse percentage of neutral facial expression decreased after threatening messages although no statistical significance was reached (p = .174).
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