Pelita Eksakta

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EISSN : 2615-0719
Total articles ≅ 41
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Defri Ahmad, Syafriandi Syafriandi, Media Rosha
Pelita Eksakta, Volume 3, pp 82-86; doi:10.24036/pelitaeksakta/vol3-iss1/110

Abstract:
– To accomodate High Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) in classrom, we need to consider curricula, learning process, and assesment. Learning process and assesment have an essential requirement i.e. teacher’s ability. Government has done some activity to increase teacher’s ability to apply HOTS in classrom, but teachers need more. To keep their motivation and ability, teachers need a continue activity related to HOTS. Lecturer is an academic expert who teach in university level. In Indonesia, service to community is one of obligation for lecturer. Hence increasing teachers understanding about HOTS is one of lecturer’s duty. Training and workshops has been designed to rose teachers ability in creating HOTS problems and teaching using those problems. In this activity, teachers are studied about HOTS concept, the government policy about HOTS, solve some HOTS problem in National level test, and how to create HOTS base mathematical problems. For the next activity, teachers are asked to create some HOTS base mathematical problems, and design a learning trajectoty/ design to put their HOTS problem in learning process. Lastly, base on teacher’s satisfaction questionnaire, teachers are very happy to get this activity for the activity’s programme, mastery of topics, and teacher ‘s needs.
Pelita Eksakta, Volume 3, pp 63-69; doi:10.24036/pelitaeksakta/vol3-iss1/100

Abstract:
There are problems in implementing integrated science learning in SMP / MTs in West Pasaman Regency. Most teachers do not have a handbook according to the nature of integrated science. Existing teacher books, the fields of biology, chemistry and physics are still not integrated into a single unit. The next problem, the low motivation and creativity of teachers in finding sources of information and integrating fields of study for learning. The solution offered is to increase the professionalism of science teachers is through technical guidance for making science-based Integrated science teacher books. Integrated science learning is designed with integrative thematic learning that is learning that integrates a learning concept with another subject. This Bimtek succeeded in increasing the competence of science teachers in MGMP Pasaman Barat in developing Integrated Science teacher books with themes in accordance with local wisdom with the Scientific Approach.
Pelita Eksakta, Volume 3, pp 55-62; doi:10.24036/pelitaeksakta/vol3-iss1/97

Abstract:
Standar Proses Pendidikan Dasar dan Menengah memuat prinsip pemanfaatan teknologi untuk meningkatkan efisiensi dan efektivitas pembelajaran. Memperhatikan rendahnya kualitas dan kuantitas pemanfatan media dalam pembelajaran matematika sekolah selama ini, telah dilaksanakan workshop pengembangan media pembelajaran matematika berbasis saintifik dengan memanfaatkan teknologi bagi 25 orang guru matematika SMP di Kabupaten Tanah Datar. Workshop ini meningkatkan wawasan dan pemahaman guru yang terlibat tentang media pembelajaran berbasis saintifik, terutama media manipulatif, LKPD, dan media menggunakan software Geo Gebra. Dengan pemahaman ini diharapkan agar guru memiliki motivasi dan komitmen yang tinggi untuk terus belajar sehingga dapat merancang dan membuat media pembelajaran matematika untuk semua materi ajar yang diampunya.
Ahmad Fauzan, Fridgo Tasman
Pelita Eksakta, Volume 3, pp 75-81; doi:10.24036/pelitaeksakta/vol3-iss1/106

Abstract:
PISA (Program for International Students Assessment) test result on 2018 put Indonesia in the 72th position of 78 countries. The report showed the importance to improve the level of students thinking ability. There are many possible ways to develop students’ thinking. One way to do that is by giving the students drill to solve PISA problems. However, this solution is difficult to implement because designing PISA problems is difficult for the teachers. Therefore, 24 junior high school mathematics and science teachers ware selected in order to give them training and workshop to improve their ability to design PISA like problems using action research methods. Three stages ware implemented in the training and workshop. First, introduction to PISA, Second, designing PISA Problems, and third, trying out and evaluating the test result. Product of the workshop are 48 PISA like problems of mathematics and 42 PISA like problems of science.
Pelita Eksakta, Volume 3, pp 48-54; doi:10.24036/pelitaeksakta/vol3-iss1/94

Abstract:
Tahap berpikir siswa pada tingkat sekolah dasar berada pada tahap operasional konkrit sehingga dalam belajar mereka akan lebih mudah memahami jika menggunakan media yang mereka lihat dan kerjakan langsung. Berdasarkan observasi dan diskusi dengan beberapa guru Sekolah Dasar, khususnya untuk materi operasi bilangan bulat dan pecahan sebagian besar guru belum menggunakan media pembelajaran yang baik dalam pembelajaran. Hal ini disebabkan guru belum terbiasa dan terlatih dalam membuat dan menggunakan media pembelajaran interaktif. Akibatnya siswa masih kesulitan dalam memahami operasi bilangan bulat dan pecahan. Untuk mengatasi masalah tersebut maka tim pengabdian melaksanakan pelatihan kepada guru-guru SD untuk membuat media pembelajaran interaktif serta mempraktekkan penggunaan media tersebut . Hasil dari pelatihan telah dapat meningkatkan kompetensi guru yaitu pemahaman dan keterampilan guru dalam membuat media interaktif serta mengaplikasikannya dalam pembelajaran operasi bilangan bulat dan pecahan.
S. Syamsurizal, Linda Advinda, Resti Fevria, Indra Hartanto, Elsa Badriyya
Pelita Eksakta, Volume 3, pp 87-93; doi:10.24036/pelitaeksakta/vol3-iss1/120

Abstract:
Mooghurt is a trademark of fermented cow's milk similar to yoghurtyang made by the KWU unit of the Student Association majoring in Biology FMIPA UNP. Mooghurt is a biotechnological product of fermented milk that is beneficial for improving the health of the digestive tract, reducing cholesterol in the blood, and stimulating the nervous system. Fresh cow's milk as the main raw material for mooghurt is obtained from the city of Padang Panjang. Padang Panjang is one of the centers of good quality cow's milk production in West Sumatra. Cow dairy farm products in Padang Panjang provide business opportunities for the surrounding community, including the academics of Biology FMIPA UNP in increasing student entrepreneurial spirit. The process of making Mooghurt consists of: 1) making a starter; 2) making mooghurt; 3) manufacture fruit extracts or jellies to complement the presentation.
Fridgo Tasman
Pelita Eksakta, Volume 3, pp 25-30; doi:10.24036/pelitaeksakta/vol3-iss1/87

Abstract:
The result of 2015 PISA (Program for International Students Assessment) test which placed Indonesia in the 65th position of 72 countries showed the importance to improve the level of students thinking ability. There are many ways to improve the students’ thinking. One way to do that is by giving the students drill to solve higher order thinking problems. However, this solution is difficult to implement because designing HOTS (Higher Order Thinking Skills) problem is difficult for the teachers. Therefore, 20 junior high school mathematics teaches ware selected in order to give them training and workshop to improve their ability to design higher order thinking skills using action research methods. Three stages ware implemented in this training and workshop. First, introduction to HOTS, Second, designing HOTS Problems, and third, trying out and evaluating the test result. Product of the workshop are 30 mathematical problems in certain topic in which 15 of them are HOTS problems. To measure the effectiveness of the training and workshop, the result of pre-test and posttest were compared. Based on the data analysis, there was an increase of the ability of mathematics junior high school teachers to design problems to assess the higher order thinking skills.
Miftahul Khair, Minda Azhar, Alizar Ulianus
Pelita Eksakta, Volume 3, pp 1-7; doi:10.24036/pelitaeksakta/vol3-iss1/80

Abstract:
The aim of the Community Partnership Program (PKM) service activity is to increase teacher competency in making electronic electronic Student Work Sheets (e-LPKD) using flip book makers with an emphasis on three levels of chemical representation. The method used is lectures, demonstrations and workshops. The lecture and demonstration methods are used to deliver the topics i.e ICT and internet terminology, industrial revolution 4 and three levels of chemical representation. The practice includes quick tricks of editing images from general chemistry books and transferring them to LKPD. Workshops are to make e-LKPD using a flip book maker accompanied by videos of learning chemistry, animation of chemical concepts. This activity can improve the knowledge and skills of chemistry teachers using standard general chemistry e-books, videos of chemistry learning and chemical animation from internet. This community service activities can improve the knowledge and skills of chemistry teachers in integrating a variety of learning resources that can be used to create ICT-based e-LKPD by emphasizing on three levels of chemical representation.
Pelita Eksakta, Volume 3, pp 70-74; doi:10.24036/pelitaeksakta/vol3-iss1/101

Abstract:
Pengajaran di sekolah harus dilaksanakan sesuai Kurikulum yang berlaku. Namun, kondisi nyata menunjukkan bahwa dalam melaksanakan Kurikulum 2013 revisi 20017, ada beberapa masalah. Salah satu solusi dari masalah yang ada adalah mengembangkan bahan ajar fisika bermuatan literasi saintifik pada guru Fisika SMA di kabupaten Tanah Datar. Tujuan dari kegiatan ini adalah untuk membantu guru Fisika SMA di kabupaten Tanah Datar dalam mengembangkan bahan ajar fisika bermuatan literasi saintifik. Peserta adalah 34 guru fisika SMA yang menjadi anggota MGMP fisika SMA di kabupaten Tanah Datar. Instrumen untuk mengumpulkan data terdiri dari pretes dan postes, lembar validasi bahan ajar. Data dianalisis dengan analisis statistik deskriptif dan uji perbandingan berkorelasi. Berdasarkan hasil analisis data dapat dinyatakan bahwa: 1). Dalam melaksanakan PKM, ada 12 bahan ajar yang dihasilkan dalam bentuk bahan ajar bermuatan literasi saintifik, 2). Bahan ajar bermuatan literasi saintifik yang ditulis guru-duru adalah valid, dan 3). Implementasi pengembangan bahan ajar bermuatan literasi saintifik dapat diklasifikasikan efektif untuk meningkatkan pemahaman guru sains pada materi bahan ajar.
Skunda Diliarosta Skunda Diliarosta
Pelita Eksakta, Volume 3, pp 13-20; doi:10.24036/pelitaeksakta/vol3-iss1/85

Abstract:
The purpose of this community service is to educate students in SMKN 3 Payakumbuh How to recognize and maintain reproductive health to avoid free sex, LGBT and HIV/AIDS. The education is well packed and interesting using animated films, discussing and solving problems as well as finding joint solution through a focus group discussion (FGD). This method is done so that students can easily understand about reproductive health and can find out the consequences of free and LGBT associations and HIV/AIDS disease. For initial analysis, this activity using Kahoot application with 75 questions. This activity is done with 5 stages, which is initiated by looking at the knowledge of students, introduce the reproduction tool, Issues of LGBT and Free Sex. Recognizing HIV/AID disease and sufferer data in West Sumatera. Then conducted group discussions with problem tree methods, Focused Group discussion (FGD), discussion of plenary and briefing from the resource person related to knowledge and action of reproductive health, free sex and LGBT. This activity has change attitude of SMKN3 PAYAKUMBUH students with a determination to reject the association/sex free and LGBT through the jargon "Say No to LGBT and Free Sex", in addition to the students are able to fortify themselves from behavior, LGBT and HIV/AIDS. Because adolescent are the next generation of the nation who will fill the richness of Indonesia in the Indonesian Gold ERA in 2045, they are the hope of the nation, the sunlight that will give color to the future of the nation. It is therefore an obligation of all parties to keep them from deviant behavior.
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