Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 0263-5747 / 1469-8668
Published by: Cambridge University Press (CUP) (10.1017)
Total articles ≅ 4,244
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, , , Harish Parthasarathy
Published: 9 July 2021
Robotica pp 1-26; doi:10.1017/s0263574721000916

Abstract:
In this paper, a novel statistical application of large deviation principle (LDP) to the robot trajectory tracking problem is presented. The exit probability of the trajectory from stability zone is evaluated, in the presence of small-amplitude Gaussian and Poisson noise. Afterward, the limit of the partition function for the average tracking error energy is derived by solving a fourth-order system of Euler–Lagrange equations. Stability and computational complexity of the proposed approach is investigated to show the superiority over the Lyapunov method. Finally, the proposed algorithm is validated by Monte Carlo simulations and on the commercially available Omni bundleTM robot.
Xiaofu Zhang,
Published: 9 July 2021
Robotica pp 1-19; doi:10.1017/s0263574721000886

Abstract:
This paper presents a trajectory planning method based on multi-objective optimization, including time optimal and jerk optimal for the manipulators in the presence of obstacles. The proposed method generates a trajectory configuration in the joint space with kinematic and obstacle constraints using quintic B-spline. Gilbert–Johnson–Keerthi detecting algorithm is utilized to detect whether there is a collision and obtain the minimum distance between the manipulator and obstacles. The degree of constraint violations is introduced to redefine the Pareto domination, and the constrained multi-objective particle swarm algorithm (CMOPSO) is adopted to solve the time-jerk optimization problem. Finally, the Z-type fuzzy membership function is proposed to select the best optimal solution in the Pareto front obtained by CMOPSO. Test results show the effectiveness of the proposed method.
Published: 7 July 2021
Robotica, Volume 39; doi:10.1017/s0263574721001016

Published: 7 July 2021
Robotica, Volume 39; doi:10.1017/s0263574721001028

Zhuo Wang, Luoyao Wang, Tao Wang,
Published: 2 July 2021
Robotica pp 1-27; doi:10.1017/s0263574721000771

Abstract:
Based on the characteristics of high-frequency swing during fast swimming of fish, this paper designs a bionic fish-driven joint based on electromagnetic drive to achieve high-frequency swing. Aiming at the characteristic parameters of high-frequency swing control, the Fourier transform is used to separate the characteristic parameters and then compared the driving accuracy of the joints in open-loop and closed-loop. The comparison results show that the closed-loop control is performed after Fourier transform. Under the same driving conditions, the closed-loop control method can improve the joint driving accuracy. Then a bionic fish robot composed of three joints is designed according to this method and Kane method is used to model it dynamically and combined with the central pattern generator control method to complete model simulation and related experiments. The experimental results show that the bionic fish prototype can swim faster under high-frequency swing under electromagnetically driven joints.
, Marzieh Kamali, Farid Sheikholeslam
Published: 30 June 2021
Robotica pp 1-17; doi:10.1017/s0263574721000643

Abstract:
In this paper, new distributed adaptive methods are proposed for solving both leaderless and leader–follower consensus problems in networks of uncertain robot manipulators, by estimating only the gravitational torque forces. Comparing with the existing adaptive methods, which require the estimation of the whole dynamics, presented methods reduce the excitation levels required for efficient parameter search, the convergence time, and the complexity of the regressor. Additionally, proposed schemes eliminate the need for velocity information exchange between the agents. Global asymptotic synchronization is shown by introducing new Lyapunov functions. Simulation results are provided for a network of 10 4-DOF robot manipulators.
, Andreas Zell
Published: 30 June 2021
Robotica pp 1-26; doi:10.1017/s0263574721000850

Abstract:
This paper presents a new algorithm for lidar data assimilation relying on a new forward model. Current mapping algorithms suffer from multiple shortcomings, which can be related to the lack of clear forward model. In order to address these issues, we provide a mathematical framework where we show how the use of coarse model parameters results in a new data assimilation problem. Understanding this new problem proves essential to derive sound inference algorithms. We introduce a model parameter specifically tailored for lidar data assimilation, which closely relates to the local mean free path. Using this new model parameter, we derive its associated forward model and we provide the resulting mapping algorithm. We further discuss how our proposed algorithm relates to usual occupancy grid mapping. Finally, we present an example with real lidar measurements.
Xinyi Yu, Zhaoying Cheng, Yikai Zhang,
Published: 29 June 2021
Robotica pp 1-22; doi:10.1017/s0263574721000308

Abstract:
To improve the uniformity of coating thickness and spraying efficiency, new point cloud modeling and slicing algorithm are proposed to deal with free-form surfaces for the spray painting robot in this paper. In the process of point cloud modeling, the edge preservation algorithm is firstly presented to avoid damaging the edge characteristic of the point cloud model. For the spraying gun, the coating deposition model on the free-form surface is determined on the basis of the elliptic double $\beta $ distribution model. Then, the grid projection algorithm is proposed to obtain grid points between adjacent slices on the free-form surface. Based on this, the analytical solution for calculating the coating thickness at each grid point is obtained. The cross-section contour points are obtained by intercepting the point cloud model with several parallel slices, which is important for the trajectory planning of the spray painting robot. Finally, the uniformity of coating thickness is optimized in terms of the moving speed of the spraying gun and the slice thickness. The simulation and numerical experiment results show that the uniformity of coating thickness and spraying efficiency are improved using the proposed point cloud modeling and slicing algorithm.
, Andrey V. Savkin
Published: 24 June 2021
Robotica pp 1-27; doi:10.1017/s0263574721000849

Abstract:
Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have become essential tools for exploring, mapping and inspection of unknown three-dimensional (3D) tunnel-like environments which is a very challenging problem. A computationally light navigation algorithm is developed in this paper for quadrotor UAVs to autonomously guide the vehicle through such environments. It uses sensors observations to safely guide the UAV along the tunnel axis while avoiding collisions with its walls. The approach is evaluated using several computer simulations with realistic sensing models and practical implementation with a quadrotor UAV. The proposed method is also applicable to other UAV types and autonomous underwater vehicles.
Qi Liu, , Binfeng Xu
Published: 23 June 2021
Robotica pp 1-17; doi:10.1017/s0263574721000862

Abstract:
This paper proposes a map-based localization system for autonomous vehicle self-localization in urban environments, which is composed of a pose graph mapping method and 3D curvature feature points – Monte Carlo Localization algorithm (3DCF-MCL). The advantage of 3DCF-MCL is that it combines the high accuracy of the 3D feature points registration and the robustness of particle filter. Experimental results show that 3DCF-MCL can provide an accurate localization for autonomous vehicles with the 3D point cloud map that generated by our mapping method. Compared with other map-based localization algorithms, it demonstrates that 3DCF-MCL outperforms them.
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