The Journal of Organic Chemistry
ISSN / EISSN : 0022-3263 / 1520-6904
Published by: American Chemical Society (ACS) (10.1021)
Total articles ≅ 93,177
Latest articles in this journal
The Journal of Organic Chemistry; https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.joc.1c01702
We herein report an iodine-mediated formal [2 + 2 + 1] cyclization of methyl ketones, p-toluenesulfonyl hydrazines, and 1-aminopyridinium iodide for preparation of 4-aryl-NH-1,2,3-triazoles under metal- and azide-free conditions. Notably, this is achieved using p-toluenesulfonyl hydrazines and 1-aminopyridinium iodide as azide surrogates, providing a novel route toNH-1,2,3-triazoles. Furthermore, this approach provides rapid and practical access to potent inhibitors of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO).
The Journal of Organic Chemistry; https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.joc.1c01796
The methodology of nucleophilic substitution of hydrogen (SNH) was successfully applied as a convenient synthetic tool to afford azaheterocyclic derivatives of phenols of various architectures. A series of 26 novel imidazole-linked polyphenolic compounds were first prepared in 72–95% yields through the direct metal-free C–H/C–H coupling of polyphenols with 2H-imidazole 1-oxides. Comprehensive studies on the reaction condition optimization, scope, and limitations enabled the development of a straightforward method toward novel bifunctional derivatives bearing both phenolic and imidazole scaffolds of particular interest in the design of challenging molecules for versatile applications in medicinal chemistry and materials science.
The Journal of Organic Chemistry; https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.joc.1c01751
Treatment of cis-fused bicyclic diene dicarboxylates with Li/naphthalene triggers a tandem ring-opening and transannular cyclization process that stereoselectively yields hydroazulenes and hydrindanes derivatives. Cyclononadienyl diesters, which can be isolated after the ring-opening step by judicious choice of the reaction conditions, undergo a tandem conjugate addition/intramolecular Michael addition upon treatment with chiral lithium amides to give bicyclic β-amino esters in a process where 4 contiguous stereocenters are formed with high diastereocontrol. A concise route toward the highly enantioenriched AEF ring core of the aconitine-type alkaloids has been developed as an application of this methodology. The starting cis-fused bicyclic dicarboxylates are easily prepared in one step by reductive alkylation of diisopropyl phthalate (Na/THF, followed by the appropriate bis-electrophiles).
The Journal of Organic Chemistry; https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.joc.1c01271
A practical protocol to synthesize 3-substituent-2-(azol-1-yl)indole derivatives has been developed via an electrochemical oxidative cross coupling process under mild conditions. This electro-oxidative C–N bond formation strategy tolerates a range of functional groups and is amenable to gram scale synthesis. Moreover, this method was applied to the late-stage functionalization of bioactive molecules.
The Journal of Organic Chemistry; https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.joc.1c01710
We report on a facile method for the preparation of 2-benzoxepine derivatives as a result of Rh(II)-catalyzed decomposition of diazo arylidene succinimides in the presence of aldehydes. The process is thought to involve the formation of styryl carbonyl ylide which undergoes 1,7-electrocyclization and subsequent 1,5-hydrogen shift. In some cases, the competition of the target reaction and [3+2] dipolar cycloaddition of the intermediate carbonyl ylide to another molecule of diazo substrate was observed. Generally, the desired 2-benzoxepines were isolated in good to high yields and high diastereoselectivity. The developed original approach toward a 2-benzoxepine core via formal [5+2] cycloaddition of styryl carbenoids and aldehydes significantly expands the arsenal of synthetic methods for producing this scaffold.
The Journal of Organic Chemistry; https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.joc.1c01635
A late-stage photoisomerization/cyclization union tactic, in conjunction with Type I Anion Relay Chemistry (ARC), permits enantioselective total syntheses and then biological evaluation of (+)-peniciketals A and B. The photochemical protocol was further showcased by an efficient three-step construction of the architecturally complex polycyclic skeleton found in (−)-diocollettines A. The mechanism and diastereoselectivity of the photochemical protocol have also been explored by both experiment and density functional theory calculations.
The Journal of Organic Chemistry; https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.joc.1c01665
Since Akiyama and Terada independently reported the introduction of chiral phosphoric acids (CPAs) as effective catalysts for Mannich-type reactions in 2004, the field of CPA catalysis has grown immensely. Terada reported in 2008 the first example of the activation of aldehydes by a CPA. Based on density functional theory (DFT) calculations, Terada proposed a dual activation mode for this enantioselective aza–ene-type reaction between an aldehyde and an enecarbamate. In this model, hydrogen bonds between the catalyst’s hydroxyl group and the carbonyl oxygen and the catalyst’s P═O and the formyl proton were observed; the nucleophile then attacks without coordination to the catalyst. This reaction model provided the mechanistic basis for understanding Terada’s reaction and many other asymmetric transformations. In the present study, DFT calculations are reported that identify a lower-energy mechanism for this landmark reaction. In this new model, hydrogen bonds between the catalyst’s hydroxyl group and the aldehyde oxygen and the catalyst’s P═O and the NH group of the enecarbamate are seen. The new model rationalizes the stereoselective outcome of Terada’s reaction and offers insight into why a more sterically demanding catalyst gives lower levels of enantioselectivity.
The Journal of Organic Chemistry; https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.joc.1c01491
This report describes a method for the nucleophilic radiofluorination of (hetero)aryl chlorides, (hetero)aryl triflates, and nitroarenes using a combination of [18F]KF·K2.2.2 and Me4NHCO3 for the in situ formation of a strongly nucleophilic fluorinating reagent (proposed to be [18F]Me4NF). This method is applied to 24 substrates bearing diverse functional groups, and it generates [18F](hetero)aryl fluoride products in good to excellent radiochemical yields in the presence of ambient air/moisture. The reaction is applied to the preparation of 18F-labeled HQ-415 for potential (pre)clinical use.
The Journal of Organic Chemistry; https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.joc.1c01592
N-Benzyl-2-chloro-N,3-diaryloxirane-2-carboxamides, easily obtained from aromatic aldehydes and anilides of dichloroacetic acid under Darzens condensation conditions, proved to be excellent starting compounds for the synthesis of 3-hydroxyindolin-2-ones, cyclohepto[b]pyrrole-2,3-diones, and 1-azaspiro[4.5]deca-3,6,9-triene-2-ones via the C(sp2)–C(sp2) bond formation in the first case and C(sp2)–C(sp3) bond formation in the second and third cases. Under optimized reaction conditions, 3-hydroxyindolin-2-ones are obtained in a one-pot process, which involves the treatment of N-benzyl-2-chloro-N,3-diaryloxirane-2-carboxamides with CF3CO2H or AcOH/H2SO4. In the case of intramolecular cyclization, the detailed reaction channels depend strongly on the substituents present in the anilide component and in the aromatic ring of the aldehyde component of N-benzyl-2-chloro-N,3-diaryloxirane-2-carboxamides, as well as the temperature and duration of the reaction. A combined experimental and DFT mechanistic study of the formation of 1-benzyl-3-hydroxy-4-arylquinolin-2(1H)-ones showed that there are three competing reaction channels: (a) ring-closure via the ipso site, (b) ring-closure via the 1,2-Cl shift, and (c) ring-closure via the ortho site. Such mechanistic insights enabled an effective one-pot gram-scale synthesis of viridicatin from benzaldehyde and 2,2-dichloro-N-(4-methoxybenzyl)-N-phenylacetamide.
The Journal of Organic Chemistry; https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.joc.1c01649
Reported herein is an intramolecular dehydrogenative coupling of two inert aryl C–H bonds for the synthesis of aporphine analogues. The process represents a novel tool for the preparation of aporphines via palladiun-catalyzed C–H bond activation. The present reaction is compatible with various functional groups, and the coupling products have been further applied for the synthesis of natural products aporphine and zenkerine.