International Journal of Management, Innovation & Entrepreneurial Research

Journal Information
EISSN : 2395-7662
Published by: GIAP Journals (10.18510)
Total articles ≅ 71
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Indra Kesuma, Rusdan, M. Machrus,
International Journal of Management, Innovation & Entrepreneurial Research, Volume 7, pp 01-06; https://doi.org/10.18510/ijmier.2021.721

Abstract:
Purpose of Study: This study aims to analyze the level of visibility of low-scale ground coffee agro-industry and determine the role of the government in the development of low-scale ground coffee agro-industry. Methodology: This research was conducted using a low-scale survey agro-industry method which was applied to a ground coffee centre in one of the provinces in Indonesia. The number of samples is seven low-scale coffee business units. Data analysis used is financial analysis (NPV, IRR, Net B/C ratio, and Payback Period), Break-Even Point analysis, and sensitivity analysis. Results: The results showed that the low-scale ground coffee agro-industry was profitable and looked to be continued (IRR 99%, NPV 27,883,981.46 to 16,076,282,505.24 and Net B/C of 1.02 to 1.32), the sensitivity analysis showed that the cost of production to the scale of costs decreased, namely the decline in production below 20%. Application: The creativity of producers in the marketing of processed coffee products and innovation of flavour variants is important for consumer attractiveness in maintaining the stability of agro-industry income. Novelty: As for the role of the government, the seven production units have received guidance, counselling, and training.
, Kumaresan Chandrasekaran, Joshy Mathew
International Journal of Management, Innovation & Entrepreneurial Research, Volume 7, pp 07-17; https://doi.org/10.18510/ijmier.2021.722

Abstract:
Purpose: Location-based marketing has become an essential component in today’s businesses. The principal objective of this study is to investigate the growing significance of using location-based marketing services to small and medium-scale marketers and customers. Methodology: This is an exploratory study, which aims to explore the impact of location-based marketing on the retail sector of the Al Batinah region in the Sultanate of Oman. Main Findings: Social media platforms play an important role in the Location-Based marketing of various retail sectors such as SME’s and these platforms play a major role in helping retailers to make decisions whether they wish to market their products by using this platform or not. Implications: All organizations’ top-level management must focus on data mining to identify the right customers and at the same time they should focus on innovative marketing strategies on LBS. Novelty: This study provides motivations and insights that drives businesses and customers to use these LBM services.
Bambang Subiyanto, Dipa Teruna Awaludin, Ramang H. Demolingo, Risca Ifani,
International Journal of Management, Innovation & Entrepreneurial Research, Volume 7, pp 01-11; https://doi.org/10.18510/ijmier.2021.711

Abstract:
Purpose of the Study: This study aims to analyze the effect of independent variables such as corporate social responsibility, leverage, and intellectual capital on dependent variables such as financial performance in banking sector companies indexed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in 2015-2019. Methodology: This review is adopted the descriptive statistics approach. While the hypothesis test using multiple linear regression analysis and simultaneous significance analysis. Secondary data collected through the purposive sampling method consisted of 85 samples from 17 companies. Main Findings: The results indicate that CSR has a positive effect on FP. While LEV and IC have no effect on FP. Debt withdrawal will not have an impact on the company's sustainability in increasing profits. In addition, the company also has a concern for the disclosure of CSR activities through the GRI, which can increase the company's profit. Implication/Applications: The results of this study can be used for financial practitioners, especially in the banking industry, to determine the effect of corporate social responsibility, leverage, and intellectual capital on financial performance. Therefore, banking companies can make decisions based on the priority scale on the most influential variables. In addition, this research can also be a reference for academics and researchers who are interested in the issue of financial performance. The originality of the study: The results of this study are the latest studies that systematically and comprehensively discuss the financial performance of the banking sector based on several important factors.
, Rajiv Kr. Dwivedi
International Journal of Management, Innovation & Entrepreneurial Research, Volume 6, pp 39-44; https://doi.org/10.18510/ijmier.2020.624

Abstract:
Purpose of this study: This study aims at investigating the effect of demonetisation on the major sectors of the Indian economy i.e. banking sector, micro-financing sector, and employment sector. The government of India claims demonetisation as a tool to tackle inflation, black money, corruption, crime, and terror funding, while others call it harassment attitude. Methodology: In this regard, a survey has been done to collect data from secondary sources. Further data were analysed graphically. Results: The study reveals that there is marginal control over black money. The financial institution RBI suffered a loss due to excess of cash collection and failed to regulate the money properly. The employment sector is affected and a good number of people lost their jobs. Also, micro-financing institutions (MFI’s) business was affected worstly. Social Implications/Applications: The MFIs and SMEs should be promoted and provided with legal financial assistance in order to compensate for their loss so that the 30% of citizens living below the poverty line get relief. Novelty/Originality of this study: This combined study on various sectors gives a clear picture of the effects of post demonetisation in India which can help in predicting Indian economic conditions for the years to come.
, Saidu Musa, Nusirat Ojuolape Gold, Muhammed Kamaldeen Usman
International Journal of Management, Innovation & Entrepreneurial Research, Volume 6, pp 88-99; https://doi.org/10.18510/ijmier.2020.629

Abstract:
Purpose of the study: This study examined the influence of board cognitive diversity on firm performance in Nigeria. The researchers investigated consumer goods firms listed in the Nigeria Stock Exchange from 2013 to 2018. Methodology: This research is hinged on the positivist research philosophy; and the deductive research approach. The study adopted the multi-method quantitative research design. Data was hand-collected from the annual financial statements and firms’ websites of consumer goods firms. The researchers measured board cognitive diversity by educational level diversity, education background diversity, and professional member diversity; while performance was measured via financial performance (ROA) and market performance (Tobin's Q). Panel least squares were used to estimate the model of the study. Main Findings: Results from the panel least squares regression revealed mixed findings on the nexus between the proxies of board cognitive diversity and firm performance in Nigeria. Specifically, we found that education level diversity and professional member diversity of board members positively and significantly affects market performance. In contrast, the educational background diversity of the board negatively and significantly affects the market performance of consumer goods firms in Nigeria. Furthermore, we found no evidence on the nexus between educational level diversity; educational background diversity; professional membership diversity of board members, and financial performance of firms investigated. Implications/Applications: The researchers concluded that board cognitive diversity partially influences firm performance in Nigeria. The study recommended that firms in Nigeria, specifically consumer goods firms, should encourage more representation of board directors with a postgraduate degree. This is because they have advanced knowledge and expertise to improve the firm's performance. Novelty/Originality of this study: This is pioneer research to investigate the influence of board cognitive diversity on firm performance in Nigeria.
International Journal of Management, Innovation & Entrepreneurial Research, Volume 6, pp 100-111; https://doi.org/10.18510/ijmier.2020.6210

Abstract:
Purpose of the study: The purpose of this paper is to provide a better understanding of the processes at work in shaping students’ entrepreneurial intentions following training courses in entrepreneurship, and of the gap between entrepreneurial intention and action often seen in these training devices. The goal is to collect information that is difficult to access through the usual methods of evaluating entrepreneurial intentions by shedding light on ways in which students make use of these devices. Methodology: Exploratory qualitative research (comprehensive case study) carried out as part of an Entrepreneurial Training Device (Professional Master’s Degree) at a business school in Tunisia, using participant observation techniques, supplemented and cross-checked with multiple data types (institutional records reflecting educational intentions, regular interactions with students, etc.). Main Findings: The Entrepreneurship Training Device is put at the service of the goals to be accomplished by the students (obtaining a Master’s degree, expanding their studies, increasing their chances of re-enrolling a more typical/ “prestigious” course). Applications of this study: The research can be used in various disciplines (entrepreneurship, the science of education, sociology), and in various fields: the design and evaluation of entrepreneurship instruments, assessment of the entrepreneurial intentions of students, correlations and differences between entrepreneurial purpose and behavior, cultural variations in entrepreneurship, determinants of the choice of an entrepreneurial career, social representations of entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship. Novelty/Originality of this study: The mobilization of the Sociology of uses enables a deeper understanding of the motives and logics of action of students enrolling in a specialized Master’s Degree in Entrepreneurship in Tunisia, and a better understanding of the degree to which these motives and logics help them to participate effectively in an entrepreneurial intention phase.
, Parveen Mahmud
International Journal of Management, Innovation & Entrepreneurial Research, Volume 6, pp 112-127; https://doi.org/10.18510/ijmier.2020.6211

Abstract:
Purpose of the study: The objective of the study was to investigate scaling up strategies of social business projects in order to create sustainable livelihood among the beneficiaries. Methodology: Qualitative research design was found suitable for this study. A case study method was applied through pursuing face-to-face interviews. Seven social business learning and innovation (SBLIF) projects of Grameen Telecom Trust (GTT) have been selected purposively for the analysis. Main Findings: Findings get evidence of organic growth, collaboration, and dissemination strategies to create impact over sustainable living. Through organic growth, social businesses were generating employment opportunities for communities’ people and enhancing their livelihoods. Collaboration with GTT provided social businesses with access to financial and network resources which helped them to serve disadvantaged, rural, endogenous, and climate-vulnerable people. Disseminations of livelihood strategies helped producers and inhabitants to achieve sustainability in many areas. Social Implications/Applications: Social business, a social purpose-driven business, is attracting worldwide attention for its impact on sustainable living through reducing poverty, inequality, unemployment, and negative environmental impacts. But to create more impact on sustainable livelihood, scaling up the social business organization itself is mandatory. This study could be a guide for social business entrepreneurs and policymakers to advance sustainable livelihoods. Originality/Novelty of the Study: Most of the research uses the term social business as a wider concept which mostly relies on philanthropic-funds. This study focuses on a unique type of social business organizations who are not expected to rely on such philanthropic-funds rather have to cover operating costs which make these businesses a new kind of learning for all social entrepreneurs.
B.A.H Kawshala, P. A. N. S Anuradha, Mohamed M. Shamil
International Journal of Management, Innovation & Entrepreneurial Research, Volume 6, pp 128-138; https://doi.org/10.18510/ijmier.2020.6212

Abstract:
Purpose of the study: Individual investor’s behavior is extensively influenced by biases that are highlighted in the growing discipline of behavioral finance. The present study sought to investigate the influence of socio-economic factors (i.e., investors’ age, gender, education, profession, and income), trading sophistication factors (i.e., trading experience and trading frequency), and self-reflection on herding bias in investment decision-making in Colombo Stock Exchange (CSE). Methodology: The study adopted descriptive and explanatory research designs. It was a census of all 243 individual investors registered with CSE as of September 2020. Sampling was done applying proportionate stratified random sampling technique and data was gathered using self-administered semi-structured questionnaires. The analysis was conducted using means, standard deviations, and regression. Main Findings: The results show that herd behavior is mostly seen among females, having less educational qualifications, who are engaged in the finance field professions, those who are with a very low monthly income, low experience, and who trade less frequently. Self-reflection can be seen in herding bias. On the other hand, age does not impact on herding bias of investors. Applications of this study: This study will be helpful to financial intermediaries to advise their clients. Moreover, the results of the present study facilitate individual investors to realize their herding bias by its’ determinants in the pursuit of making sensible and effective financial decisions. Novelty/Originality of this study: This study gives a unique insight into the investors’ profile corresponding to herding bias under consideration. It not only updates the evidence on herding bias but also highlights which factors are the most influential on herding bias in the Sri Lankan context. With the peculiar scenario in Sri Lanka, this paper contributed to the behavioral finance field as a reference for individual investors and financial advisors.
, Tri Kuntoro Priyambodo
International Journal of Management, Innovation & Entrepreneurial Research, Volume 6, pp 45-54; https://doi.org/10.18510/ijmier.2020.625

Abstract:
Purpose of the study: The phenomenon of electronic word-of-mouth (eWOM) or word of mouth communication in marketing activities on digital media is one of the most important things in improving the purchasing decision of a product or services. This study aims to analyze the effect of celebrity endorsement on consumer purchase decisions, case studies at Nona Judes Restaurant. Methodology: This research is mixed-method, both qualitative and quantitative. Data collection techniques in this study were interviews and questionnaires that were measured using a Likert scale. The questionnaire was distributed to 100 respondents who were consumers of the Nona Judes restaurant. The data were analyzed using simple linear regression analysis. Main Findings: The results of this study indicate that celebrity endorsement influences product purchase decisions. The contribution of celebrity endorsement variables to product purchase decisions is 25.9%. Researchers concluded that there are several factors considered in selecting endorsers. These factors include big names and experiences, appearance, social media strength of endorsers, and communication skills. Implications: This study is offering suggestions for company management in determining celebrity for product endorsement. The orders of indicators to consider are (1) Power, (2) Credibility, (3) Attraction. Novelty/Originality of this study: This research specifically addresses the role of celebrity endorsement in product purchase decisions in restaurants. This study also produced endorser selection criteria and their indicators, i.e. 1) Power (fame, strengths on social media); 2) Credibility (the truth of information, endorser information skills); 3) Attractiveness (physical appearance, endorser’s characters).
Haryo Wibisono,
International Journal of Management, Innovation & Entrepreneurial Research, Volume 6, pp 55-63; https://doi.org/10.18510/ijmier.2020.626

Abstract:
Purpose: This article examines affective technology to understand the significance of creative labour in Indonesia multinational oil and gas companies in the city of Balikpapan, East Kalimantan. Methodology: The data is gathered from desk studies by reviewing policies, monographs, and printed documents, and ethnographic observations to understand the social and cultural context. Main findings: We identified two types of affective technologies created by creative labours: the visual simulation to create new subjects and visual efforts to forge corporate reputation. They are important in helping in the production of subjects and the value of corporate branding. Practical Implications: This study shows the need for extractive industries to pay more detail in providing safety instructions for their employees. Creative workers can be the right agents to compose effective messages with their ability to touch the affective side of employees through the works they produce. Social Implications: The creative workers are increasing in number; however, their nature of work which is mainly based on gigs is somewhat vulnerable in developing countries like Indonesia. Closer cooperation with the big industries will be favorable for them with the hope that in return they will come up with some products to strengthen the companies' social responsibility. The novelty of study: While previous studies have rarely underlined the interplay between creative work and extractive industries, this article provides insight into affective technology within the context of extractive industries.
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