Internal Medicine

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ISSN / EISSN : 0918-2918 / 1349-7235
Published by: Japanese Society of Internal Medicine (10.2169)
Total articles ≅ 13,571
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Atsushi Hiraoka, Miho Onishi, Satsuki Koyama, Masaya Kato, Kaori Marui, Taisei Murakami, Kei Onishi, Tomoko Adachi, Junko Matsuoka, Hidetaro Ueki, et al.
Internal Medicine, Volume 60, pp 3195-3203; https://doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.7129-21

Abstract:
Objective This study evaluated cases of pruritus, which is known to be associated with sleep disorder, in chronic liver disease (CLD) patients. Methods Questionnaires were given to 339 enrolled CLD outpatients in winter (November 2019 to March 2020) and again in summer (April to October 2020) (median interval: 104 days). Relative changes in symptoms shown by a visual analogue scale (VAS) and Kawashima's pruritus score between winter and summer were evaluated in Study 1 (n=199), while Study 2 examined the clinical features of patients with sleep disorder based on the results of the second questionnaire (n=235, median age 70 years old; 141 men, liver cirrhosis 37%). Results Study 1. There was a significant relationship in VAS between daytime and nighttime for each season, as well as between winter and summer for each time period (p<0.001). A comparison of Kawashima's pruritus scores for the daytime and nighttime showed no significant seasonal differences (p=0.436 and 0.828, respectively). When Kawashima's score increased, so did the average VAS for both daytime (0:1:2:3:4=0.4±0.2:1.4±0.9:3.0±1.8:5.9±2.1:6.2±2.3) and nighttime (0:1:2:3:4=0.3±0.1:1.4±1.5:3.5±2.3:6.7±2.6:6.9±1.8) (p<0.001 for both). Study 2. Twenty subjects (8.5%) complained of sleep disorder. An elevated FIB-4 index (≥3.07) showed a good predictive value for sleep disorder (p<0.01). The cut-off for the daytime and nighttime VAS values for existing sleep disorder were 1.6 [area under the curve (AUC) 0.901] and 3.4 (AUC 0.931). The respective sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values for sleep disorder based on Kawashima's score (≥2) were 0.85, 0.28, 0.10, and 0.95 for the daytime and 1.00, 0.29, 0.12, and 1.00 for the nighttime. Conclusion Intervention against pruritus is recommended in CLD patients with a high Kawashima's score (≥2) in any season, especially with an elevated FIB-4 index.
Tatsuya Suwabe, Masahiko Oguro, Yoshifumi Ubara, Daisuke Ikuma, Hiroki Mizuno, Noriko Hayami, Masayuki Yamanouchi, Naoki Sawa
Internal Medicine, Volume 60, pp 3261-3265; https://doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.6974-20

Abstract:
Renal cyst infection is a frequent and serious complication of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) that is often difficult to treat and can be fatal. While nephrectomy is the standard therapy for severe refractory renal cyst infection, it can be associated with severe adverse events. We experienced a case of repetitive renal cyst infection in a 58-year-old Japanese man with ADPKD on dialysis. He underwent renal transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) four months after the last episodes of renal cyst infection, and his renal cyst infection has not recurred since renal TAE. This case suggested that renal TAE is effective for preventing repetitive renal cyst infection.
Shuichiro Matsumoto, Manabu Suzuki, Sachi Matsubayashi, Akinari Tsukada, Yusaku Kusaba, Takashi Katsuno, Motoyasu Iikura, Shinyu Izumi, Yuichiro Takeda, Masayuki Hojo, et al.
Internal Medicine, Volume 60, pp 3279-3284; https://doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.6513-20

Abstract:
We herein report a 48-year-old man with a history of chronic atrial fibrillation (AF) and repeated hemoptysis after radiofrequency ablation. Contrast tomography showed soft tissue thickening of the left hilar region and left pulmonary vein stenosis. We performed bronchial artery embolization, but the hemoptysis did not disappear, and AF was not controlled. We performed left lung lobectomy and maze procedures since we considered surgical removal necessary as radical treatment. After the surgery, hemoptysis and atrial fibrillation did not recur. Refractory hemoptysis after catheter ablation is rare, but occasionally occurs in patients with severe pulmonary vein stenosis.
Tatsuhiro Yamazaki, Takeshi Tomoda, Hironari Kato, Kazuya Miyamoto, Akihiro Matsumi, Eijiro Ueta, Yuki Fujii, Yosuke Saragai, Daisuke Uchida, Kazuyuki Matsumoto, et al.
Internal Medicine, Volume 60, pp 3205-3211; https://doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.7168-21

Abstract:
Objective Strict follow-up is recommended for branch-duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (BD-IPMNs) to avoid missing the development of high-risk stigmata (HRS) at a premalignant stage. This study explored the risk factors associated with the development of HRS during follow-up. Methods We performed a retrospective analysis of 283 patients with BD-IPMN, treated at Okayama University Hospital in Japan between January 2009 and December 2016. Only patients with imaging studies indicative of classical features of BD-IPMN without HRS and followed for over one year were included in the study. We performed radiological follow-up every six months and collected patients' demographic data, cyst characteristics, and clinical outcomes and used univariate logistic regression models to determine the odds of developing HRS. Results Ten patients (3.5%) developed HRS after a median surveillance period of 55.8 months. The main pancreatic duct (MPD) size (5-9 mm) and cyst growth rate (>2.5 mm/year) were both suggested to be possible risk factors for the development of HRS (odds ratio, 14.2; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.1-65.2, p=0.0006, and odds ratio, 6.1; 95% CI 1.5-25.5, p=0.014). Regarding the number of worrisome features (WFs), the rate of HRS development was 2.0% (4/199) in cases with no WF, 1.6% (1/62) in cases with single WF and 22.7% (5/22) in cases with multiple WFs, respectively. The rate of HRS development was significantly higher in cases with multiple WFs than in the other cases (p<0.0001). Conclusion MPD dilation, rapid cyst growth, and multiple WFs were significant risk factors for the development of HRS. In the presence of such features, it is necessary to closely follow the development of HRS and avoid missing the best opportunity to perform surgical intervention.
Tatsuya Ueno, Norihiro Hanabata, Atsuko Katagai, Rena Okudera, Akira Arai, Masahiko Tomiyama
Internal Medicine, Volume 60, pp 3317-3320; https://doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.7210-21

Abstract:
Continuous intrajejunal infusion of levodopa-carbidopa intestinal gel (LCIG) is an established device-aided therapy for advanced Parkinson's disease (PD). Phytobezoar associated with LCIG is a rare device-related complication and presents with exacerbations of gastrointestinal and PD symptoms. We herein report the case of a phytobezoar that was formed at a knot on the pigtail-shaped J-tube and developed only in association with postprandial abdominal pain, similar to a feeling of a tube being pulled in without an exacerbation of PD symptoms. Such abdominal pain may be a warning sign of phytobezoar in LCIG-treated patients. Despite device-related complications, high-pressure alarms are not always present, and PD symptoms are not always exacerbated.
Yuta Kaito, Shunsuke Yui, Kazuki Inai, Daishi Onai, Ryosuke Kinoshita, Satoshi Yamanaka, Muneo Okamoto, Ryuichi Wada, Ryuji Ohashi, Koiti Inokuchi, et al.
Internal Medicine, Volume 60, pp 3299-3304; https://doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.6351-20

Abstract:
Allogeneic hemopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is the only curative therapy for refractory hematological malignancies. However, there are many treatment-related complications, including organ disorders, graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), and infectious diseases. Furthermore, there are many unclear points regarding central nervous system (CNS) complications, and the prognosis in patients with CNS complications is extremely poor. We herein report a 49-year-old woman who developed CNS-GVHD after a second transplantation for therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome. CNS-GVHD in this case was refractory to all treatments, including steroids, and progressed. We also present a review of the literature about the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of CNS-GVHD.
Shusuke Yagi, Tomoko Takahashi, Keiji Murakami, Momoyo Azuma, Mikio Sugano, Ryosuke Miyamoto, Mariko Niki, Hirotsugu Yamada, Yutaka Kawabata, Akihiro Tani, et al.
Internal Medicine, Volume 60, pp 3251-3255; https://doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.6902-20

Abstract:
Infective endocarditis (IE) may be acquired in the community as community-acquired (CA) IE or in the healthcare setting. In Japan, cases of CA-methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection as skin infection have been increasing. CA-MRSA strains, including the USA300 clone, have higher pathogenicity and are more destructive to tissue than healthcare-associated MRSA strains because of the toxins they produce, including arginine-catabolic mobile element (ACME) and Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL). However, only a few IE cases induced by USA300 have been reported. We herein report a 64-year-old man who developed CA-IE from a furuncle caused by USA300 MRSA producing PVL and ACME, which resulted in complications of meningitis.
Megumi Koshiishi, Toru Odate, Yukie Nakagawa, Jun Suzuki, Takuya Kumagai, Ichiro Kawashima, Takeo Yamamoto, Kei Nakajima, Masaru Tanaka, Naoki Oishi, et al.
Internal Medicine, Volume 60, pp 3305-3308; https://doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.6979-20

Abstract:
A 71-year-old woman with a four-year history of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) received ibrutinib as initial treatment due to progressive anemia and thrombocytopenia. Eleven months after the start of the treatments, although her cytopenia had ameliorated, she developed classic Hodgkin lymphoma, a rare form of Richter's transformation. She was successfully treated with two courses of adriamycin, vinblastin, bleomycin and dacarbazine followed by radiotherapy. In general, several clinical, genetic and molecular factors are associated with Richter's transformation. In addition, our present case suggested that ibrutinib could be a potential risk factor for Richter's transformation in CLL patients.
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