Advances in Social Sciences

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ISSN / EISSN : 2169-2556 / 2169-2564
Published by: Hans Publishers (10.12677)
Total articles ≅ 1,661
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邓 凤
Published: 1 January 2021
Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 10, pp 1491-1498; https://doi.org/10.12677/ass.2021.106206

Abstract:
积极而富有成效的居民参与不仅是提升社区治理的重要基础,也是推动基层治理能力现代化的基本目标。本文通过对居民的社区参与进行调查研究,发现该社区活动存在内容古板,形式落后和社区居民的参与积极性低以及社区工作人员专业性低的问题,由此本文结合实际,提出社区工作人员可以通过对居民进行激励和主动创新社区活动开展形式等措施来直接有效地提高社区治理的水平。 Active and productive participation of residents is not only an important basis for improving community governance, but also a basic goal to promote the modernization of grass-roots governance capacity. Through the investigation and research on the community participation of residents, this paper finds that the community activities have some problems, such as old-fashioned content, backward form, low enthusiasm of community residents and low professionalism of community workers. Therefore, this paper combines the actual situation, it is suggested that community workers can improve the level of community governance directly and effectively by encouraging residents and actively innovating the forms of community activities.
娟朱 琳
Published: 1 January 2021
Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 10, pp 1485-1490; https://doi.org/10.12677/ass.2021.106205

Abstract:
本文采用2008~2019年的面板数据,对珠三角城市群的经济增长质量进行全局主成分分析,评价珠三角城市群经济发展质量。结果表明:1) 珠三角城市群经济发展不平衡,经济增长质量水平存在较大差异,区域间经济增长质量差距在逐渐拉大;2) 城市之间综合质量差距增大,且城市之间两极分化趋势越来越显著;3) 珠三角城市群的第三梯度城市经济质量的增长率较高,而第二梯度城市的经济质量的增长率较低。由此,对珠三角城市群的发展提出发展建议,为中国经济转型发展提供参考。 This paper uses panel data from 2008 to 2019 to conduct a global principal component analysis of the economic growth quality of the Pearl River Delta urban agglomeration, and evaluate the economic development and change process of the Pearl River Delta urban agglomeration. The results show that: 1) the economic development of the Pearl River Delta urban agglomeration is relatively unbalanced, the quality of economic growth is quite different, and the gap in the quality of economic growth between regions is gradually widening; 2) the overall quality gap between cities is increasing, and the trend of polarization among cities is becoming more significant; 3) the economic quality growth rate of the third-gradient cities in the Pearl River Delta urban agglomeration is higher, in contrast, the economic quality growth rate of the second-gradient cities is lower. As a result, suggestions for the development of the Pearl River Delta urban agglomeration are put forward.
珊马 玲
Published: 1 January 2021
Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 10, pp 1610-1614; https://doi.org/10.12677/ass.2021.106222

Abstract:
本研究将团体心理辅导的理论知识与实践相结合,探究团体心理辅导对大学生自我效能感的促进作用,从而扩展团体心理辅导的理念与运用,丰富提高大学生自我效能感的方式和方法。该研究以我校的大专学生作为研究对象,通过线上的方式招募了16名志愿者,进行了六次团体心理辅导,并在团辅干预前,干预中,干预后对团体成员进行了访谈,观察员对整个团体辅导过程进行观察记录,最后对干预前后的数据进行了分析。结果表明,团体心理辅导对提升大学生自我效能感有显著效果,团体成员自我效能感水平有所提高,成员能够有积极的认知与情绪,也能形成积极的人际关系和积极行为。 This study combines the theoretical knowledge and practice of group psychological counseling to explore the promoting effect of group psychological counseling on college students’ self-efficacy, so as to expand the concept and application of group psychological counseling and enrich the ways and methods to improve college students’ self-efficacy. In this study, the college students in our university were selected as the research objects, 16 volunteers were recruited through online way, and group psychological counseling was carried out for six times. Before, during and after the intervention, the group members were interviewed, and the observers observed and recorded the whole process of group counseling. Finally, the data before and after the intervention were analyzed. The results show that group counseling has a significant effect on improving college students’ self-efficacy. The level of group members’ self-efficacy has been improved. Members can have positive cognition and emotion, and can also form positive interpersonal relationship and positive behavior.
祺陈 祺
Published: 1 January 2021
Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 10, pp 1604-1609; https://doi.org/10.12677/ass.2021.106221

Abstract:
开放带来进步,封闭必然落后。开放是1978年以来中国历史演进的“关键词”,是中国共产党带领人民创造世所罕见的“两大奇迹”的重要法宝。党在国家政治生活中所处的地位及其所担负的历史使命,决定党必须以开放的理念引领自身建设,继承党的建设的历史经验、学习参政党建设的有益成果和吸取国外政党建设的经验教训。这是党发展壮大的必由之路,也是党完成历史使命的必然选择。 Openness brings progress, and closure is bound to lag behind. Opening up is the “key word” of China’s historical evolution since 1978, and it is an important magic weapon for the Chinese Communist Party to lead the people to create the “two wonders” rarely seen in the world. The position of the Party in the political life of the country and its historical mission determine that the party must lead its own construction with an open concept, inherit the historical experience of the party’s construction, learn the beneficial results of participating in the construction of political parties and learn the lessons of the construction of foreign political parties. This is the only way for the Party to grow and develop, and it is also the inevitable choice for the Party to fulfill its historical mission.
增李 炬
Published: 1 January 2021
Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 10, pp 1536-1542; https://doi.org/10.12677/ass.2021.106212

Abstract:
2021年《政府工作报告》提出:“坚持创新在我国现代化建设全局中的核心地位,把科技自立自强作为国家发展的战略支撑。”技术创新是指以创造新技术为目的或以科学技术知识及其创造的资源为基础的创新,它是企业发展的源泉和动力。在后疫情时期,国内外市场竞争激烈背景下,企业通过提高自身的技术创新能力,获得竞争优势,来促进企业发展。本文以浙江国自机器人有限公司(以下简称“浙江国自”)为例,调查该公司发展的现状及其技术创新进程,从公司战略、商业模式、能力及风险意识四个方面提出创新对策建议。 The Report on the Work of the Government in 2021 puts forward that “innovation should remain at the core of China’s overall modernization drive, and self-reliance and self-improvement through science and technology should be the strategic support for national development”. Technological innovation refers to the innovation with the purpose of creating new technology or based on scientific and technological knowledge and its created resources. It is the source and motive force of enterprise development. In the post-epidemic period, under the background of fierce market competition at home and abroad, enterprises can improve their technological innovation ability and gain competitive advantages to promote their development. Taking Zhejiang Guozi Robot Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as “Zhejiang Guozi”) as an example, this paper investigates the company’s development status and technological innovation process, and puts forward innovation countermeasures and suggestions from four aspects of corporate strategy, business model, ability and risk consciousness.
双田 仁
Published: 1 January 2021
Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 10, pp 1273-1281; https://doi.org/10.12677/ass.2021.105174

Abstract:
信息技术的不断发展对社会各领域转型升级、探索创新提出了全新要求,提高治理能力和治理效能的现实需求也要求政府部门持续改革传统治理模式。本研究立足于技术嵌入政府治理过程中潜在的不确定性,聚焦于在数字化转型背景下,如何实现政府采购云平台监管这一现实课题,通过对“政采云”平台实践案例进行分析,尝试探究其在主体参与、程序运作、平台内容及数据安全等层面存在的潜在风险及问题。研究发现,数字化转型背景下技术嵌入政府治理过程可能存在风险性和不确定性;“采购云”平台虽然一定程度上简化了政府采购流程,但全流程网上运作也隐含了诸多潜在的监管问题。因此,进一步优化监管机制,对于促进政府采购平台持续和健康发展显得尤为重要。The continuous development of information technology has put forward new requirements for the transformation and upgrading, exploration and innovation of various fields of society. The actual demand for improving governance capabilities and governance efficiency also requires government departments to continue to reform traditional governance models. This research is based on the potential uncertainties in the process of technology embedding in government governance, focusing on the reality of how to implement government procurement cloud platform supervision under the background of digital transformation, and trying to analyze the practical cases of the “Zheng Caiyun” platform and explore its potential risks and problems in terms of subject participation, program operation, platform content and data security. The study found that technology embedding in the government governance process in the context of digital transformation may have risks and uncertainties; although the “Zheng Caiyun” platform simplifies the government procurement process to a certain extent, the entire process of online operation also implies many potential regulatory issues. Therefore, further optimizing the regulatory mechanism is particularly important for promoting the sustainable and healthy development of government procurement platforms.
鑫李 鑫
Published: 1 January 2021
Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 10, pp 1282-1287; https://doi.org/10.12677/ass.2021.105175

Abstract:
生态问题是全球性问题,解决生态问题路径的探寻,激发人们深入研读马克思经典著作而寻求理论启发。深入分析生态社会主义代表人物的基本观点,并在辩证分析和评价生态社会主义观点的基础上展开对生态社会主义的马克思主义批判,在辩证分析的基础上进一步阐释马克思主义生态观,为我国生态文明建设提供一定的启示。Ecological problems are global problems. The search for ways to solve ecological problems has inspired people to study Marx’s classic works in depth and seek theoretical inspiration. In-depth analysis of the basic views of the representatives of ecological socialism, and on the basis of di-alectical analysis and evaluation of their views, the Marxist criticism of ecological socialism is carried out, and the Marxist ecological view is further explained on the basis of dialectical analysis, which provides for the construction of ecological civilization in my country certain enlightenment.
娟程 香
Published: 1 January 2021
Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 10, pp 1336-1343; https://doi.org/10.12677/ass.2021.105184

Abstract:
该研究基于社会支配理论,通过模拟招聘情境,采用实验法探究社会支配倾向高低和个体的内隐性别偏见对招聘选择的影响。结果显示,无论是慈善机构和证券公司,选择女性候选人的倾向显著高于男性;社会支配倾向高低对招聘选择没有显著影响;在为证券公司招聘人才时,性别偏见水平高分组和低分组被试选择女性候选人人数显著高于男性。该结果不但说明了职场招聘中存在职业性别隔离现象,并且阐明了女性角色在大学生群体中发生的变化。 Based on the theory of social domination, this study uses the experimental method to explore the influence of social domination tendency and implicit gender bias on recruitment choice by simulating the recruitment situation. The results show that both charities and securities companies are more likely to choose female candidates than male ones; the level of social dominance has no significant effect on recruitment choice; when recruiting talents for securities companies, whatever high gender bias group or low gender bias group, the rate of choosing the number of female candidates was significantly higher than that of male candidates. The results not only show that there is occupational gender segregation phenomenon in workplace recruitment, but also illustrate the changes of female roles in college students.
铭窦 祥
Published: 1 January 2021
Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 10, pp 1121-1127; https://doi.org/10.12677/ass.2021.105152

Abstract:
从1516年英国托马斯•莫尔的《乌托邦》算起,世界社会主义已走过五百多年的发展时间,社会主义“一路风雨兼程”走到今天非常不易。站在新时代新起点,回顾世界社会主义发展的历程和成果,展望社会主义发展的前景,对于帮助我们加深对社会主义的理解和认知,进一步增强对社会主义特别是中国特色社会主义的信心和信念,具有重要的理论和现实意义。 Since Thomas More’s Utopia in 1516, the world socialism has gone through more than 500 years of development. It is not easy for socialism to come to the present. Standing at a new starting point of a new era, reviewing the course and achievement of the development of world socialism, and looking forward to the future of the development of socialism, have important theoretical and practical significance in helping us deepen our understanding and cognition of socialism and further enhancing our confidence and faith in socialism.
婷孙 梦
Published: 1 January 2021
Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 10, pp 982-988; https://doi.org/10.12677/ass.2021.104132

Abstract:
厌恶是人类的一种基本情绪,可以使个体远离病原体的同时又可能产生不愉快的负面情绪,影响人与人之间的信任。探讨特质厌恶、状态厌恶与信任、不信任的关系,可以更好地认识信任的影响因素及内部机制,从而为提高整个社会的信任水平提供理论指导。本研究采用2 × 2混合实验设计,对130名在校大学生进行研究。结果发现,特质厌恶对不信任的主效应显著,相比特质厌恶低的个体,特质厌恶高的个体产生更多的不信任;情绪类型对信任的主效应显著,相比中性情绪,状态厌恶下产生更少的信任;特质厌恶与状态厌恶不存在交互作用。 Disgust is a basic human emotion, which can keep individuals away from pathogens and at the same time produce unpleasant negative emotions, which affects the trust between people. Ex-ploring the relationship between trait disgust, state disgust, trust, and distrust can better under-stand the influencing factors and internal mechanisms of trust, thereby providing theoretical guidance for improving the trust level of the entire society. This research adopts a 2 × 2 mixed experimental design and conducts research on 130 college students. The results found that trait disgust has a significant main effect on distrust. Compared with individuals with low trait disgust, individuals with high trait disgust have more distrust; the main effect of emotion type on trust is significant, and compared with neutral emotions, state disgust produces less trust; there is no interaction between trait disgust and state disgust.
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