Research, Society and Development
Latest articles in this journal
Research, Society and Development, Volume 9; doi:10.33448/rsd-v9i1.1533
Abstract:The objective of this work is presenting the project of the course titled "Use of pentatonic scales in the electric guitar" from the perspective of the instructional designer. It is a course inserted in the field of musical education, aimed at teaching a specific instrument, that is, the electric guitar. It has approximately 1 month of duration and counts on theoretical and practical activities, using different media and formats. The virtual environment selected is Moodle, since it is free and has several tools that tend to contribute to the quality of the proposal in line with the different learning styles of the students. Regarding the methodology, in order to present the data and information related to the design of the course, Activity Map were used. In addition, for the theoretical appreciation focused on the interference of the internal and external environments, SWOT analysis was chosen. Through this work, it is identified that the course is financially viable and the quality of the content to be offered make the difference, as well as the pedagogical accompaniment. Thus, it is considered that, independently of the internal and external interferences, the project has potential for the market.
Research, Society and Development, Volume 9; doi:10.33448/rsd-v9i1.1656
Abstract:Objective: to identify the profile of skeletal muscle injuries caused during nursing work. Methodology: This is a descriptive exploratory study with a quantitative approach, conducted with 42 professionals of the nursing team of a emergency care unit in the city of Caxias-MA. Data were collected through two instruments: one with the sociodemographic characterization and the other with the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (QNSO). Results: The main complaints of nursing professionals were pain in the dorsal and lumbar region (19%), there was an equal percentage of those who reported discomfort in the neck and shoulder (11.9%), neck and dorsal zone (11.9 %), neck and lumbar zone (11.9%), followed by shoulder (9.5%). The profile of the professionals is characterized by a high prevalence of females (81.0%), most of them nursing technicians (62.6%), showing that nursing remains a predominantly female profession and for them not. having the same muscle development potential as men are more likely to develop work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMS). Conclusion: The high rate of musculoskeletal disorders among workers may be the beginning of awareness for managers and employees of institutions to jointly seek solutions to reduce the occurrence of these injuries on the working conditions of these professionals.
Research, Society and Development, Volume 9; doi:10.33448/rsd-v9i1.1645
Abstract:The present study aimed to develop and characterize as to the physicochemical and microbiological parameters drinks based on aqueous extract of cashews and to evaluate the changes resulting from their compositions.Three formulations were made with and without added fructooligosaccharide: L1 (control drink), containing the conventional starter culture composed of Streptococcus thermophilus and Lactobacillus delbrüeckii, subsp. Bulgaricus; L2 (probiotic drink) from starter and L. acidophilus cultures; and L3 (symbiotic drink) containing starter cultures, L. acidophilus and fructooligosaccharide.The obtained products were stored at 5ºC and evaluated for the physicochemical (pH, acidity, lipids, humidity, ashes, ºbrix, syneresis and total dry extract) and microbiological variables (lactic bacteria, probiotic viability, presence of mold, yeast, total and fecal coliforms). Most of the formulations met the physicochemical and microbiological standards of Normative Instruction No. 46/2007, except for the lower than recommended acidity value and beneficial microorganism content in the L2 formulation. The symbiotic drink proved to be viable because it has adequate characteristics, proposed by the current legislation that classifies it as a functional food according to its count of viable probiotics and because it is lactose free it becomes an excellent substitute for the population that cannot consume the food. conventional dairy product. However, further studies should be performed to better characterize and adapt the products.
Research, Society and Development, Volume 9; doi:10.33448/rsd-v9i1.1535
Abstract:In this work, the objective was to correlate anisotropy with the mechanical and microstructural behavior of two high strength steels used in vehicle production in order to obtain variables to alter future manufacturing processes in order to obtain steels with a lower elastic return, known as springback effect, which means geometric changes suffered by the part at the end of the plastic deformation process, after the release of the forces applied by the stamping tool and this causes dimensional failures that compromise the production. In this research, biphasic steel and one low carbon steel were evaluated, being Docol_DL800 and LC200 their trade names, respectively. Tensile tests and three-point bending in air were performed to determine the mechanical properties and behaviors and these results were compared with those obtained by computational simulation using the finite element method and were also correlated with microstructural data from the backscattered electron technique. The results indicate that biphasic steel has a higher hardening allowing a greater springback effect due to its microstructure with ferrite and martensite, high grain refinement, greater amount of elastic residual energy and a lower degree of disorientation after mechanical conformation, creating the effect Bauschinger. Already the steel LC200 presented a smaller degree of springback thanks to the more isotropic hardening due to the increase in the degree of grain disorientation after the conformation. Thus, it was concluded that the manufacturing processes of these steels should seek to combine high mechanical strength with a more isotropic behavior.
Research, Society and Development, Volume 9; doi:10.33448/rsd-v9i1.1495
Abstract:The aim of the review was to verify serum vitamin D levels in children and adolescents with asthma. The study is an integrative review, with 14 articles selected from the PubMed, ScienceDirect and VHL databases from 2013 to 2017. The studies analyzed revealed that individuals with asthma mostly have deficiency or insufficiency in serum levels. D. Children and adolescents with asthma had lower vitamin D levels than healthy subjects. Thus, it was evidenced that serum vitamin D was lower among asthmatics, with studies showing a significant association between vitamin D levels and the presence of pathology.
Research, Society and Development, Volume 9; doi:10.33448/rsd-v9i1.1497
Abstract:This article aims to expose the teaching practice performed in the field of inclusive education, focusing on the development of communication, affection, interaction, self-esteem and enhancement of natural skills, with emphasis on artistic design, the student with intellectual disabilities and autism. We opted for the case study, with participant observation, since the student is the target audience of Specialized Educational Care. The work has been refined and developed, having as its main locus the Multifunctional Resource Room of an elementary school in the city of Maranguape, Ceará, Brazil, especially in the first semester of 2014. It focuses on the student's educational process, the from the relationship between the family, the school and the society in which it is inserted, seeking to know their needs, as well as their natural abilities. The contribution of legal devices such as PCN's (1997) and also the theoretical foundation of human behavior scholars and their development were necessary, namely: Piaget (1997), under the constructivist view; Gardner (2001) with the theory of Multiple Intelligences; besides the contribution of Figueiredo (2010). As a result, starting from the inclusion process with the student's permanence in the Specialized Educational Care and regular school, there was an evolution in the learning and development of his active, autonomous, creative and participative posture. The conclusions point to an effective teaching practice through artistic design involving on the one hand the student with disabilities and on the other the teaching professionals of the Specialized Educational Care.
Research, Society and Development, Volume 9; doi:10.33448/rsd-v9i1.1679
Abstract:With the advancement of technology, the emergence of interactive online spaces is increasingly present in people's daily lives. With school could not be different. We verified different software used in education with the purpose of facilitating the interaction of the school community, however the number of studies that contemplate this theme is not very expressive yet. Considering this context, our proposal aims to discuss the challenges of interaction between teachers and students via Q-Academic at IFMT. To support our discussions, we start from the teacher training assumptions of Nóvoa (2007) and Paris et all (1984) and the teacher education studies for digital context by Coscarelli (2007) and Xavier (2003). The qualitative methodology had two phases: in the first one we applied a questionnaire with open and closed questions, in teachers and students, about the use of the Q-Academic Message and Classroom tools, and, in the second, we proceeded to the analysis of the collected results. With this study, we hope to weave the interaction profile between teachers and students and to verify the challenges of using these Q-Academic tools, thus contributing for the IFMT school community to take advantage of the resources available in this environment, improving the teaching-learning process at IFMT.
Research, Society and Development, Volume 9; doi:10.33448/rsd-v9i1.1616
Abstract:Objective: to evaluate musculoskeletal symptoms and behavior of biomarkers in public high school teachers in Caxias - MA. Methodology: The research was carried out at Inácio Passarinho Teaching Center and Aluízio de Azevedo Teaching Center. The study included all effective and classroom teachers during the data collection period. Data collection was performed by applying a socioeconomic questionnaire and peripheral blood collection to evaluate muscle markers. Results: the results that point teachers as a risk group for musculoskeletal problems, the quality of life impairments of these teachers not only reflect on the personal life of these workers, but also directly influence the teaching of students. Conclusion: these teachers are in a favorable condition for the onset of Repetitive Strain Injury (RSI) and Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders (WRMSD) and most of them presented physical and mental distress.
Research, Society and Development, Volume 9; doi:10.33448/rsd-v9i1.1621
Abstract:Objective: To evaluate the perception of health professionals and users about communication in the hospital environment. Methodology: This is a qualitative, exploratory and descriptive field research. To understand the results and the meaning of communication between professionals and users, the data were organized from the speeches of patients and health professionals from a public maternity hospital. Results: Among the 20 users interviewed, 14 (70%) said that communication is great, 01 (5%) people reported that communication is regular, but needs to improve, 03 (15%) people said that communication is more or less and 02 (10%) people reported that communication is poor. Among the 20 professionals interviewed, 05 (25%) said they need not change that their communication with the patient is excellent, 09 (5%) people reported that it is always good to improve their communication with the patient 02 (10%) people spoke that their communication with the user is humanized and 04 (20%) people reported that because of the short time that communication has to be quickly explaining the entire procedure. Conclusion: there are still communication failures, since the professional is more focused on the procedure, forgetting the provision of humanized care. Thus it is expected that there will be more empathy and responsibility with the parties involved for the development of a humanized assistance, understanding the users' complaints and reducing the communication failures.
Research, Society and Development, Volume 9; doi:10.33448/rsd-v9i1.1600
Abstract:Changes in thought paradigms have always boosted transformations in the scientific-technological sphere and reached the economic, social and educational sectors. Thus, these changes stimulate new forms of relationship between knowledge, know-how and technique, in the complex dynamics of producing knowledges, in the contemporary world. These new forms of (re) construction of information, knowledge and knowledge permeate the re (elaboration) of a pedagogical/educational project that articulates education for citizenship, for intellectuality and also for work. Thus, the discussions about the public policies of education are originated, in the face of universalization, democratization and permanence of the student in the school environment. Therefore, the objective of the article, which is presented, investigates the social attributions of school education institutions. For this purpose, we used the bibliographic and exploratory research to perform the literature review. The article addressed as a result high school and school curriculum, highlighting that the school is not just about students and teachers. The schools have an amalgam that makes up their community: students, managers and teachers, besides the family. Finally, the school community must provide training for the labour market, a training that integrates the student body in social, political and democratic participation.