Eurasian Journal of Medicine

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 1308-8734 / 1308-8742
Published by: AVES Publishing Co. (10.5152)
Total articles ≅ 694
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Yuliya V. Popova, , , , , Elena V. Oshchepkova
Eurasian Journal of Medicine, Volume 53, pp 96-101; https://doi.org/10.5152/eurasianjmed.2021.20004

Abstract:
The aim of the study was to apply the appropriate use criteria (AUC) for coronary revascularization on Russian Acute Coronary Syndrome Registry (RusACSR) data to analyze validity of the decision to perform percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) among patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). In Russia, the frequency of performing PCI increased almost 7.5 times, and more than half of all interventions were performed in patients with ACS, in the period from 2006 to 2015. AUC 2012 were used to assess PCI appropriateness. Data were exported from RusACSR from a period of January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2016. We analyzed 33 893 cases, but 13 957 patients were excluded owing to absence of data needed. The study group therefore included 19 936 patients with ACS (mean age, 65.3 ± 11.9 years; 40.3% women), and it was divided into 2 subgroups: 13 757 (67.2%) patients who were treated conservatively and 6179 (32.8%) patients who underwent PCI. According to AUC, physicians’ choice of strategy was validated. Patients treated conservatively differed significantly (P < .001) from those who underwent PCI. In this group, non-ST segment elevation ACS was significantly more common than in the group of patients who received PCI (84.4% vs. 43.9%, P < .001). They also had more severe clinical status. According to AUC, among patients with ACS treated with PCI, the decision was warranted in 86.3% (valid decision). In 7.6% of cases, there was no need for PCI. Among patients who underwent conservative treatment, 77.7% of patients needed PCI according to AUC. According to our data, only 3.8% of patients who were treated conservatively did not need PCI. Appropriateness of invasive treatment was uncertain in 18.5% and 6.1% in the PCI and non-PCI groups, respectively. All differences were significant (P < .001). AUC implementation showed low availability of PCI for patients with non-ST segment elevation ACS accompanied by complicated clinical status. AUC for coronary revascularization could be applied in Russian clinical practice for unbiased PCI candidate selection and for evaluation of decision validity.
, Cem Erdogan, Deniz Kizilaslan, Mursel Ekinci, Oktay Olmuscelik, Yunus Oktay Atalay
Eurasian Journal of Medicine, Volume 53, pp 158-159; https://doi.org/10.5152/eurasianjmed.2021.20151

, Filiz Keskin, Zuhal Keskin Yildirim, Muhammet Akif Guler, Nurinnisa Ozturk, Berna Ozturk Karagoz, Zekai Halici
Eurasian Journal of Medicine, Volume 53, pp 118-122; https://doi.org/10.5152/eurasianjmed.2021.20276

Abstract:
There is no study evaluating the effect on plasma osmolality of both fluid tonicity and high fluid rate at the same time. The aim of this experimental study was to determine the change in the plasma osmolality by different fluid tonicity and rate, and to suggest the safest and the most appropriate fluids based on the plasma osmolality for medical situations requiring fluid therapy with high or maintenance rates. The rats were randomly divided into seven groups (six rats in each group): [D5] D5 administered at 100 ml/kg/24h; [D5150] D5 administered at 150 ml/kg/24h; [D5(½)100] D5 0.45% NaCl administered at 100 ml/kg/24h; [D5(½)150] D5 0.45% NaCl administered at 150 ml/kg/24h; [D5(1)100] D5 0.9% NaCl administered at 100 ml/kg/24h; [D5(1)150] D5 0.9% NaCl administered at 150 ml/kg/24h; [Control group] non-treated control rats. Intracardiac blood samples were collected from all the groups at the end of 24 h. [D5(1)150] and [D5(½)100] were the group closest to the control group in terms of both sodium (P = .937; P = .699, respectively) and effective osmolality (P = 1, P = .818, respectively). Our results showed that 0.9% NaCl and 0.45% NaCl solutions might be the safest and the most appropriate fluids to maintain normal plasma osmolality in medical situations requiring fluid therapy with high or maintenance rates, respectively.
Ali Gur, Erdal Tekin,
Eurasian Journal of Medicine, Volume 53, pp 114-117; https://doi.org/10.5152/eurasianjmed.2021.20291

Abstract:
Asymptomatic patients with coronavirus disease 2019 can present with signs of various diseases to hospitals. We aimed to present patients who presented to the emergency department without any coronavirus disease 2019 symptoms and were incidentally diagnosed with coronavirus disease 2019 in addition to the diagnosis related to their complaints on presentation. The study included patients presented to the emergency department of a hospital in Erzurum (Turkey) with non-coronavirus disease 2019 symptoms and were incidentally diagnosed with coronavirus disease 2019 on the basis of their chest computed tomography findings. The patients’ primary diagnoses were evaluated, and a reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction was performed to confirm the incidental coronavirus disease 2019 diagnoses. The 42 patients included in the study had various complaints, and the most common complaint was abdominal pain in 8 patients (19%). The other complaints were at different rates. The most common diagnose was ST-elevated myocardial infarction in 6 patients (14.3%), and the other diagnoses were rib fracture in 3 patients (7.1%) and other similar diseases in the remaining patients. Patients with highly the contagious coronavirus disease 2019 can sometimes be asymptomatic and can be incidentally diagnosed with coronavirus disease 2019 after presenting to emergency departments with symptoms and manifestations other than those of coronavirus disease 2019. Therefore, healthcare professionals working in the emergency department should approach all patients who present to the emergency service as potential coronavirus disease 2019 carriers and wear their protective equipment and take necessary precautions.
Faruk Boyaci, , Engin Hatem, Ahmet Yanik, , Mersin City Hospital Clinic Of Cardiology
Eurasian Journal of Medicine, Volume 53, pp 90-95; https://doi.org/10.5152/eurasianjmed.2021.19235

Abstract:
Arterial stiffness is related to arteriolosclerotic diseases and is a marker of adverse cardiovascular events. Mitral annular calcification (MAC) is progressive calcium deposition on the posterior and inferior mitral annulus and is associated with atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases. Cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) is a measurement technique used to estimate the degree of arterial stiffness without effect from blood pressure. The aim of this study is to research arterial stiffness using CAVI in patients with MAC. The study was cross-sectional and observational and included 98 patients with MAC confirmed by echocardiography who referred to the cardiology clinics and met study inclusion criteria and 38 controls without MAC. CAVI measurements were obtained by using the Vascular Screening System VaSera VS-1000 (Fukuda Denshi, Tokyo, Japan) device. The two groups were similar in terms of demographic characteristics, including age, sex, hypertension, coronary artery disease, body surface area, and smoking (P > .05). Left atrial volume index was significantly higher in patients with MAC compared with the control group (P < .001). Right arm CAVI, left arm CAVI, and mean CAVI were significantly higher in the MAC group than the control group (P = .037, P = .005, and P = .014, respectively) and increased with MAC severity. There was a significant positive correlation between mean CAVI and MAC grade (r = 0.278, P = .001). Also, when ankle-brachial index (ABI) was measured with CAVI, left and right extremity ABI values were significantly lower in patients with MAC (P = .017 and P = .005, respectively). CAVI increased in all patients with MAC and associated with increasing grade of calcification.
Eurasian Journal of Medicine, Volume 53, pp 79-84; https://doi.org/10.5152/eurasianjmed.2021.20051

Abstract:
Nowadays, the use of energetic substances has become a complex problem in sports, such that the role of anabolic-androgenic steroids is undeniable. This study aimed to investigate the antiapoptotic effect of resistance training and Tribulus terrestris in the heart tissue of rats exposed to stanozolol. 35 rats divided into 7 groups including (1) sham, (2) stanozolol-treated, (3) stanozolol+50 mg/kg Tribulus terrestris-treated, (4) stanozolol+100 mg/kg Tribulus terrestris-treated, (5) stanozolol+resistance training-treated, (6) stanozolol+resistance training+50 mg/kg Tribulus terrestris-treated, and (7) stanozolol+resistance training+100 mg/kg Tribulus terrestris-treated. During 8 weeks, groups 2–7 received 5 mg/kg stanozolol per day peritoneally; groups 5–7 performed resistance training for 3 sessions per week; and groups 3, 4, 6 and 7 received daily doses of Tribulus terrestris peritoneally. Stanozolol administration significantly increased the BAX, BCL-2, P53, and caspase 3 and BAX/BCL-2 ratio (P < .001). Resistance training, 100 mg/kg Tribulus terrestris administration, 50 mg/kg Tribulus terrestris administration, resistance training+100 mg/kg Tribulus terrestris administration, and resistance training+50 mg/kg Tribulus terrestris administration significantly decreased BAX, BCL-2, P53, and caspase 3 levels and BAX/BCL-2 ratio (P < .001); however, stanozolol+resistance training+100 mg/kg Tribulus terrestris administration caused more decrease than stanozolol+resistance training+50 mg/kg Tribulus terrestris administration in BAX (P < .001). Resistance training and Tribulus terrestris administration alone appear to have antiapoptotic effects; however, resistance training combined with Tribulus terrestris administration, especially at higher doses, have more desirable effects than resistance training or Tribulus terrestris administration alone on the apoptosis markers.
Eurasian Journal of Medicine, Volume 53, pp 102-107; https://doi.org/10.5152/eurasianjmed.2021.20111

Abstract:
To evaluate the effects of the Pecs II block on postoperative pain in patients undergoing breast reduction surgery. This prospective, comparative, and observational study was conducted with 53 patients, with American Society of Anesthesiologists I-II, between the ages of 18 and 65, and undergoing bilateral breast reduction surgery. The patients were divided into two groups: Pecs II block with general anesthesia (Pecs group; n = 26) and local infiltration anesthesia with general anesthesia (control group; n = 27). The patients’ demographic data, duration of surgery and anesthesia, hemodynamic parameters, perioperative analgesia requirements, postoperative visual analog scale (VAS) scores (at zero, one, three, six, nine, and 12 hours postoperative), the number of patients who needed analgesia at least once, the length of the hospital stay, and block-related complications were recorded. There was no statistical difference in terms of the duration of surgery and anesthesia and hemodynamic parameters. Intraoperative total fentanyl consumption (128.85 ± 25.19 mcg in the Pecs group and 227.77 ± 44.58 mcg in the control group; P < .001) and postoperative analgesic requirement were significantly lower in the Pecs group (P < .001). The number of patients who needed analgesia at least once in the Pecs group was four (15.3%). Postoperative VAS scores were significantly lower (P < .001) and the length of the hospital stay was significantly shorter in the Pecs group (P < .001). No block-related complications were observed. Pecs II block with general anesthesia may significantly contribute to reducing intraoperative and postoperative analgesia requirements and provide long-lasting and more effective postoperative pain in breast reduction surgery.
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