International Journal of Applied Power Engineering (IJAPE)

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2252-8792 / 2252-8792
Total articles ≅ 193
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Cihan Katar,
International Journal of Applied Power Engineering (IJAPE), Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.11591/ijape.v10.i3.pp193-206

Abstract:
In the near future, the digitalizing world will continue to improve and the need for DC based devices will be increased beyond doubt. Today’s electrical grid is strictly dependent on AC-DC rectifiers. Each conversion process means additional power losses and signal quality deteriorations for the network. In addition, networks which are fed by batteries and renewable sources such as solar panels, and wind turbines are suffering from conversion-based power losses. In this respect, the idea of switching to DC on the low voltage side of the networks has become an intriguing subject. In this study, the applicability and efficiency of the low voltage direct current (LVDC) concept for low voltage distribution systems is discussed and a sample LVDC distribution system is analyzed. In this operational residential application electrical transient analyzer program (ETAP) is employed for comparison of different voltage levels such as 110 VDC, 250 VDC, 320 VDC and conventional 220/380 VAC. As a novel approach different DC voltage levels are compared with typical AC system in detail. Comparative analysis is conducted for safety regulations, voltage drops, current carrying capacities, power consumption and harmonic calculation of the proposed system. In this respect applicability, possible drawbacks and future aspects of LVDC systems are interpreted.
Fernando Esma Agustin, Akhtar Kalam, Aladin Zayegh
International Journal of Applied Power Engineering (IJAPE), Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.11591/ijape.v10.i3.pp183-192

Abstract:
Class 5 flexible aluminum conductors are not common in cable manufacturing industry due to insufficient study on cable joints and connectors. The table of ampacities for aluminum conductors at 110 °C in AS/NZS3008.1.1 standards are also not available as a reference guide for electrical system designers that restricts the installation of aluminum low voltage (LV) cabling system to operate at 90 °C of conductor maximum operating temperature where 110 °C cables are permitted in Australia. In this paper, the cable ampacities of various LV Class 5 flexible aluminum cables at maximum operating temperature of 110 °C are calculated using IEC60287 and AS/NZ3008.1.1 standards. The calculated ampacities from the formula presented in clause 4.4. of AS/NZS3008.1.1 are verified by using the 6kA inductive current generator to determine the suitability for use. The joint temperature between cable and shear bolt mechanical connectors are simultaneoulsy simulated using the calculated ampacities to determine the suitability of mechanical shear bolt connectors when the coefficient of thermal expansion of material is considered. The observed differences between the calculated and measured values demonstrate the relevance of formula used in determining the current ampacity at 110 °C conductor temperature in free air.
Najimaldi M. Abbas
International Journal of Applied Power Engineering (IJAPE), Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.11591/ijape.v10.i3.pp244-252

Abstract:
The squirrel cage induction motor direct torque control main problems due to torque and large stator flux pulsation. In this an improved model predictive direct torque control algorithm considering multi-step delay compensation is proposed. At each sampling moment, predict the stator flux linkage and torque at the next moment under each voltage vector. The optimal voltage vector deviation from the stator flux linkage reference value and torque reference value are selected as the minimum objective function. Aiming at the problem of one-shot delay in digital control systems, a multi-step predictive delay compensation measure is studied. Simulation shows that the algorithm can effectively reduce torque and stator flux pulsation, reduce current harmonic distortion, and solve the delay problem in digital systems.
S. M. Sanzad Lumen, Ramani Kannan, Nor Zaihar Yahaya
International Journal of Applied Power Engineering (IJAPE), Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.11591/ijape.v10.i3.pp217-229

Abstract:
Due to the stunning advancement of power electronics, DC power system is getting immense attention in the field of research. Protection and hereafter the protective devices for the DC power system application are two vital areas that need to be explored and developed further. Designing a protective device such as DC circuit breaker possesses a lot of challenges. The main challenge is to interrupt a current which does not have a natural zero crossing like AC current has. In addition, energy is stored in the network inductances during normal operation. Instantaneous current breaking is opposed by this stored energy during circuit breaker tripping, hence, all the DC circuit breaker topologies proposed in literature use snubber network, nonlinear resistor to dissipate this stored energy as heat during the current breaking operation. However, it is possible to store this energy momentarily and reuse it later by developing an improvised topology. In this paper, the prospects of energy recovery and reuse in a DC circuit breaker was studied and a new topology with regenerative current breaking capability had been proposed. This new topology can feed the stored energy of the network back into the same network after breaking the current and thus can improve the overall system efficiency.
Anuja Shaktawat, Shelly Vadhera
International Journal of Applied Power Engineering (IJAPE), Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.11591/ijape.v10.i3.pp230-243

Abstract:
Assessment of hydropower projects with respect to sustainability criteria is a multidimensional and a complex issue that decision makers usually face during planning process. In hydropower projects, it is important to consider technical, environmental and social parameters instead of purely economic ones for sustainability assessment and decision making. Multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) methods offer a practical approach to a problem having conflicting criteria. The flexibility to consider several criteria and objectives simultaneously made MCDM methods well accepted in the field of energy planning. This paper aims for applicability of MCDM methods which will facilitate the decision makers to select the most sustainable hydropower projects by making real and logical choices based on various sustainability criteria. For comprehensively rank hydropower projects of Indian region based on sustainability criteria four MCDM methods are applied i.e., analytic hierarchy process (AHP), technique for order of preference by similarity to ideal solution (TOPSIS), preference ranking organization method for enrichment evaluations (PROMETHEE II) and elimination and choice translating reality (ELECTRE III). To ensure better decision making the eight criteria selected are compatible to the sustainable development of hydropower projects.
Manoj Saini, Shagufta Khan, Rajeev Gupta, Shivani Singh, Pooja Upadhyay, Shivangi Soni
International Journal of Applied Power Engineering (IJAPE), Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.11591/ijape.v10.i3.pp207-216

Abstract:
The idea of smart grid (SG) technology has revolutionized the traditional power system and has made it more efficient, robust and reliable in a number of ways. SG networks are recently upgraded networks of associated objects of information and communication technology (ICT) and core technology. Many active research areas have been developed to achieve the goals and planned requirements of the transfer of power systems from the traditional grid to the SG. Despite the significant characteristics of SG, future research needs to resolve numerous problems relating to core and ICT technology. This analysis paper identifies the challenges facing SG growth, potential research directions and also proposes possible solutions to some of these challenges, thus achieving the SG goals and planned requirements.
Belkacem Mahdad, Yassine Khelil, Abdelhak Tobbeche
International Journal of Applied Power Engineering (IJAPE), Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.11591/ijape.v10.i3.pp173-182

Abstract:
The modern power system is equipped with protection system based on advanced technology through the use of digital multifunction relay, control system and intelligent selectivity, whose purpose is to ensure maximum security and service continuity of protection relay in the presence of various fault currents. Distance protection is an important protection required in high voltage transmission lines. In this paper, experimental platform tests have been performed and proposed for setting and evaluation the performances of distance protection named Micom P442 installed in Biskra-Batna of the Algerian transmission power system. The performances of the distance protection have been evaluated under various short circuits. In this study, experimental result based single phase fault to ground is analysed and discussed. Experimental results based on the proposed platform tests in terms of precision in detecting faults at various locations and trigger times confirm the efficiency and particularity of the proposed experimental platform tests.
Annu Govind, Vijay Kumar Tayal, Prakash Kumar
International Journal of Applied Power Engineering (IJAPE), Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.11591/ijape.v10.i3.pp253-261

Abstract:
Nowadays, active power filter (APF) is the most popular device for harmonic compensation. This paper presents the soft computing techniques for compensation of currents harmonics using a shunt active power filter (SAPF). The method includes a 3-phase supply system with a current-controlled voltage source converter (CC-VSC) having an input coupling inductor and output tank capacitor for a self-supported DC bus. The performance of the active power filter can be enhanced by using soft computing techniques such as artificial neural network (ANN) controller and gravitational search algorithm (GSA) for generating control signals of the SAPF. The current reference is calculated to compensate source current THD with synchronous reference frame (SRF) technique with proportional integrator (PI) controller. From the result, it is evident that both the soft computing techniques reduce the computational time & fast convergence which improves the filter performance during the transient period and makes it self-tuned. The proposed structure is simulated using MATLAB/Simulink and subsequently experimentally verified. The presentation of the system is originated to be suitable for numerous features of power quality enhancement structure.
Rudy Gianto, Purwoharjono Purwoharjono
International Journal of Applied Power Engineering (IJAPE), Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.11591/ijape.v10.i3.pp262-270

Abstract:
This paper proposes a new and simple method to incorporate three-phase power transformer model into distribution system load flow (DSLF) analysis. The objective of the present work is to find a robust and efficient technique for modeling and integrating power transformer in the DSLF analysis. The proposed transformer model is derived based on nodal admittance matrix and formulated by using the symmetrical component theory. Load flow formulation in terms of branch currents and nodal voltages is also proposed in this paper to enable integrating the model into the DSLF analysis. Singularity that makes the calculations in forward/backward sweep (FBS) algorithm is difficult to be carried out. It can be avoided in the method. The proposed model is verified by using the standard IEEE test system.
Basant K. Jha, Luqman A. Azeez, Michael O Oni
International Journal of Applied Power Engineering (IJAPE), Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.11591/ijape.v10.i2.pp135-142

Abstract:
A solution of unstable MHD free convective flow of an incompressible, viscous and electrically steering fluid created by spontaneous motion of vertical plate subjected to constant heat fluctuation offered by Sacheti et al. has been revisited. The governing equations are deciphered with the aid of Laplace transform procedure, while the inversion is gotten through the Riemann sum approximation approach. Fluid velocity are varied with sundry parameters such as, Prandtl number, Grashof number and Hartmann number have been extensively explicated with the help of graphs. Numerical comparison is carried out and equated with the benchmark values reported in literature and an outstanding agreement is established. This article targeted at amending some discrepancies in the skin-friction offered by Sacheti et al. The benefit of the suggested technique could be a reduction of computation time.
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