Advances in Philosophy

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2169-2599 / 2169-2602
Published by: Hans Publishers (10.12677)
Total articles ≅ 139
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袁 鑫
Published: 1 January 2021
Advances in Philosophy, Volume 10, pp 121-125; doi:10.12677/acpp.2021.102022

Abstract:
《乌托邦》一书全名为《关于最完美的国家制度和乌托邦新岛的既有益又有趣金书》是由英国作家托马斯莫尔于1516年完成的著作,作者为英国勋爵大法官并反对宗教改革,并且由于此书的影响,乌托邦的原意为“没有的地方”,也逐渐成为了“空想”的同义词。其二者都对现实生活具有强烈的批判意蕴,但是马克思主义并不单单批判现实然后营造出未来的抽象性,其真正意义在于变革现实世界。本文就乌托邦思想进行一些探析,旨在揭示马克思主义相关思想对其的继承与超越。 Utopia is a good and interesting golden book about the most perfect state system and utopian new island. It was written by British writer Thomas Moore in 1516. The author is Lord Chancellor of England and opposes the religious reform. Because of the influence of this book, Utopia’s willingness to be “where there is no place” has gradually become a synonym of “Utopia”. Both of them have strong critical meaning to the real life, but Marxism does not only criticize the reality and create the abstraction of the future, its real significance is to change the real world. This paper makes some analysis on utopian thought, aiming to reveal the inheritance and transcendence of Marxism related thought.
慧祝 嘉
Published: 1 January 2021
Advances in Philosophy, Volume 10, pp 131-135; doi:10.12677/acpp.2021.102024

Abstract:
马克思在《1844年经济学哲学手稿》中,提出了异化劳动理论,揭示了资本主义社会中劳动异化的状态。随着科技与社会的发展,一种新的劳动形态——数字劳动蓬勃兴起。数字劳动在推动劳动者解放方面具有一定的突破性,但是数字劳动异化并未消失。从数字劳动异化的表征来看,其异化深刻地影响着社会大众。 In Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844, Marx put forward the theory of alienated labor, which revealed the state of alienated labor in capitalist society. With the development of science and technology and society, a new form of labor-digital labor is flourishing. Digital labor has a certain breakthrough in promoting the liberation of workers, but digital labor alienation has not disappeared. From the representation of digital labor alienation, its alienation has a profound impact on the public.
玲李 小
Published: 1 January 2021
Advances in Philosophy, Volume 10, pp 85-90; doi:10.12677/acpp.2021.102015

Abstract:
马克思曾在众多著作中提及实践观,其中《关于费尔巴哈的提纲》一文更是对于马克思新世界观的诞生起到了关键性的作用。该文虽然篇幅不长,但在马克思主义哲学发展历程中却起着极其重要的作用,而贯穿《关于费尔巴哈的提纲》的中心线索便是实践观。马克思从本体论、认识论、社会历史观、宗教观等层面对实践观进行了阐述,学习实践观,对于发展马克思主义哲学以及将马克思的科学实践观正确运用于当代社会具有极大的意义。 Marx mentioned the concept of practice in many works, among which the article “outline of Feuerbach” played a key role in the birth of Marx’s new world outlook. Although this article is not long, it plays an extremely important role in the development of Marxist philosophy, and the central clue running through the outline of Feuerbach is the concept of practice. Marx expounded the concept of practice from the perspectives of ontology, epistemology, social history and religion. Learning the concept of practice is of great significance for the development of Marxist philosophy and the correct application of Marx’s scientific concept of practice in contemporary society.
璇李 艺
Published: 1 January 2021
Advances in Philosophy, Volume 10, pp 91-95; doi:10.12677/acpp.2021.102016

Abstract:
市民社会理论是马克思历史唯物主义思想体系的重要组成部分,马克思市民社会思想最早是受到黑格尔市民社会的影响,并在此基础上对黑格尔市民社会理论进行重新定义,将市民社会归于经济领域的范畴。不同于马克思对于市民社会理论的解读,近代西方马克思主义学者葛兰西从上层建筑的视角对市民社会理论作出了全新的阐释,推动了市民社会理论发展的新高度,本文通过从市民社会的概念,市民社会与政治国家的关系以及市民社会与国家的消亡三个方面来展开分析马克思与葛兰西关于市民社会的不同观点的问题。 The civil society theory is an important part of Marx’s historical materialism thought system. Marx’s civil society thought was first influenced by Hegel’s civil society, and on this basis, Hegel’s civil society theory was redefined. To attribute civil society to the category of economic field, unlike Marx’s interpretation of civil society theory, Gramsci, a modern western Marxist scholar, has made a new interpretation of civil society theory from the perspective of superstructure and promoted the development of civil society theory. This paper analyzes Marx and Gramsci’s different views on civil society from three aspects: the concept of civil society, the relationship between civil society and political country and the extinction of civil society and state.
王 敏
Published: 1 January 2021
Advances in Philosophy, Volume 10, pp 67-71; doi:10.12677/acpp.2021.101012

Abstract:
纵观马克思主义理论体系,人的解放是其最终价值取向。《〈黑格尔法哲学批判〉导言》(以下简称《导言》)作为马克思的早期著作,根据其中人的解放出场来审视,马克思在文中是以“宗教批判–现实批判–人的解放”的线索关联进行探析,这也是马克思最终论述人的解放的逻辑主线,他借助对宗教批判以及德国现实制度、国家哲学法哲学的批判,最终落脚于“人的解放”,并进一步探讨了“政治解放”与“人的解放”的关系,论述了实现“人的解放”的路径及其可能性。 Throughout the Marxist theoretical system, human liberation is its ultimate value orientation. “Introduction to the Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right” (hereinafter referred to as “Introduction”) is Marx’s early work, based on the appearance of the liberation of the people in it. The analysis of clues and connections is also the main logical thread of Marx’s final discussion of human liberation. With the help of criticism of religion and the German reality system, national philosophy and philosophy, he finally settled on “human liberation” and further explored “political liberation”. The relationship between “and the liberation of human beings” discusses the path and possibility of realizing the liberation of human beings.
徐 溪
Published: 1 January 2021
Advances in Philosophy, Volume 10, pp 7-12; doi:10.12677/acpp.2021.101002

Abstract:
中国共产党人历来重视青年一代的责任教育问题,特别是党的十八大以来,更是把青年一代的责任教育提到了一个新的高度。习近平同志在多次会议的讲话内容中针对青年的身心发展特点提出了一系列的关于青年责任的表述,形成了习近平新时代青年责任观。习近平新时代青年责任观是对马克思主义青年观、责任观以及中华民族自古以来的责任意识的继承和发展,是立足于新时代中国特色社会主义时代特点以及当代青年责任担当现状提出的关于青年责任的科学阐述。 The Communist Party of China has always attached great importance to the responsibility education of the young generation, especially since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. Comrade Xi Jinping put forward a series of statements on youth’s responsibility in the contents of his speech at many meetings, forming Xi Jinping’s responsibility concept in the new era. Xi Jinping’s new era youth responsibility concept is the inheritance and development of Marx’s youth view, responsibility concept and China’s sense of responsibility since ancient times. It is a scientific exposition of youth responsibility based on the characteristics of the new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics and the status quo of contemporary youth responsibility.
官 心
Published: 1 January 2021
Advances in Philosophy, Volume 10, pp 42-48; doi:10.12677/acpp.2021.101008

Abstract:
学习党史、新中国史、改革开放史、社会主义发展史是新时代意识形态建设的重要抓手。“四史”教育的意识形态属性来源于“四史”教育的政治性,对巩固马克思主义在意识形态的指导地位、培养和强化社会主义政治认同和培育科学的历史观、社会主义核心价值体系建设等具有重要的现实意义。 Learning the history of the Communist Party of China, the history of the New China, the history of reform and opening up, and the history of socialism is an important starting point for ideological building in the new era. The ideological attribute of the “four histories” education is derived from the political nature of the “four histories” education, which has important practical significance for consolidating the guiding position of Marxism in ideology, cultivating and strengthening socialist political identity, cultivating scientific historical view, and constructing socialist core value system.
雨戴 诗
Published: 1 January 2021
Advances in Philosophy, Volume 10, pp 24-29; doi:10.12677/acpp.2021.101005

Abstract:
加速社会背景下,人们的生存时间和空间不断被压缩,现代社会不断的向前加速推进。与此同时,高校大学生也正面临着加速社会所带来的精神问题和情感问题。为了逃避扑面而来的现实压力,大学生浸润在自我幻想之中,试图从偶像身上寻求情感寄托和情感共鸣以期实现自我重塑。因此,引导大学生找到立足于当下的、平衡的生活态度是高校思想政治教育者需要始终关注的话题。 Under the background of accelerating society, people’s living time and space are constantly being compressed, and modern society is constantly advancing forward. At the same time, college students are also facing mental and emotional problems brought about by accelerated society. In order to escape the pressure of reality, college students are immersed in self-imagination, trying to find emotional sustenance and emotional resonance from idols in order to achieve self-remodeling. Therefore, guiding college students to find a balanced life attitude based on the present is a topic that college ideological and political educators need to always pay attention to.
钟 晨
Published: 1 January 2021
Advances in Philosophy, Volume 10, pp 96-100; doi:10.12677/acpp.2021.102017

Abstract:
东欧新马克思主义学派的著名学者乔治·马尔库什在其代表作《马克思主义与人类学》一书中,以非正统的马克思主义视野解读马克思的经典文本中人的本质思想,其主要以构成人的本质的基本要素为出发点进行探讨,同时马尔库什将马克思人的本质思想与历史理论相结合,指出人的本质的历史性生成。本文首先阐述了马尔库什人的本质思想的三个基本要素,其次揭示马尔库什人的本质与历史理论,最后阐发了马尔库什对马克思人的本质思想解读的理论意义。 In his magnum opus, Marxism and anthropology, George, a prominent scholar of the Neo-Marxism, interpreted Marxism’s thought on the essence of man from the perspective of Unorthodox Marxism, mainly from the perspective of the basic elements that constitute the essence of man, at the same time, he combined Marxism’s thought of human nature with his theory of history, and pointed out the historical formation of human nature. This paper first expounds the three basic elements of the essence of Marxism, then reveals the essence and the theory of history, and finally expounds the theoretical significance of his interpretation of the essence of Marxism.
黄 笑
Published: 1 January 2021
Advances in Philosophy, Volume 10, pp 159-163; doi:10.12677/acpp.2021.102029

Abstract:
中共十九大把习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想确立为中国共产党必须长期坚持的指导思想,其中,以人民为中心的发展思想又是习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想的重要组成部分,坚持以人民为中心更是关于新时代坚持和发展中国特色社会主义的根本立场。从历史唯物主义这一维度准确理解把握习近平以人民为中心思想的内在规定性,对于坚定不移地把握以人民为中心思想具有重要的意义,不仅仅具有时代实践意义还具有不可忽略的时代意义。 The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China established Xi Jinping’s Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era as the guiding ideology that the Communist Party of China must adhere to for a long time. Among them, the people-centered development ideology is an important part of Xi Jinping’s Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era. From the perspective of historical materialism, an accurate understanding and grasping of the internal regulations of Xi Jinping’s people-centered thinking is of great significance to firmly grasp the people-centered thinking. It has not only practical significance of the times but also significance of the times that cannot be ignored.
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