Journal of Social Science Studies

Journal Information
EISSN : 2329-9150
Published by: Macrothink Institute, Inc. (10.5296)
Total articles ≅ 230
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Journal of Social Science Studies, Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.5296/jsss.v8i2.19073

Abstract:
Even under constant returns to scale technology there is a positive profit return if the goods are produced in monopolistic competition. By a two-periods overlapping generations (OLG) model with production in monopolistic competition under constant returns to scale in which the economy grows by technological progress and the older generation consumers receive the profits, we consider the problem of budget deficit. We show that the budget deficit equals the difference between the net savings of the younger generation consumers excluding the profits received in the future and that of the older generation consumers in each of the following cases. Also, the following results will be proved. 1) A budget deficit is necessary to realize full employment with constant price when the economy grows. 2) If the budget deficit exceeds the level necessary and sufficient to maintain full employment in a growing economy with constant price, inflation will occur. A stable budget deficit is necessary to prevent further inflation. 3) If the budget deficit is insufficient to maintain full employment, a recession with involuntary unemployment occurs. We can overcome a recession and restore full employment making a budget deficit larger than the one necessary and sufficient to maintain full employment without a recession. Since we can maintain full employment by constant budget deficits, we should not offset the deficit created for overcoming the recession by budget surpluses.
Vimala Kadiresan, Jung Sujin, Hazrita Ab Rahim, Farrell Rasu
Journal of Social Science Studies, Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.5296/jsss.v8i2.18926

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to examine the motivating factors that influence online learning among university students during the Covid-19 pandemic era. Due to sudden transformation from traditional face-to-face learning approach to remotely digital learning, some present studies revealed that students’ motivation in online learning is probably the most important factor that educators can target to improve learning. There are four chosen independent variables in this study which are student’s participation, role of instructors, online learning environment and technical infrastructure affect online learning. This research uses a survey method where 150 questionnaires are distributed online. Then, the collected data are tabulated to analyze the findings and results.
Lingli Zhu
Journal of Social Science Studies, Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.5296/jsss.v8i2.19136

Abstract:
To realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, we must adhere to the leadership of the CPC. The nature and purpose of the Party determine that only by adhering to the leadership of the CPC can we organize and mobilize the people, create a stable environment, and finally achieve the glorious goal of people's happiness. Guided by Marxism, the CPC constantly promotes theoretical innovation, which can gather the ideological consensus of realizing national rejuvenation. The road of socialism with Chinese characteristics led by the CPC is the only way to realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
Sufen Wu
Journal of Social Science Studies, Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.5296/jsss.v8i2.18999

Abstract:
Unnatural narrative becomes a popular theory in literary criticism. In 2016, No. 4 issue of Style is a special issue on Brian Richardson’s Target Essay “Unnatural Narrative Theory”. Narratologists such as Marie-Laure Ryan, Shen Dan, James Phelan have responded actively to this new paradigm in narrative theory. In spite of its popularity, unnatural narrative remains controversial because of its diversified definitions, the hard-to-identified manifestations of unnaturalness, and its various interpretive strategies. Accordingly, this paper tries to comb the existing literature and provide a systematic review on the definitions, the manifestations, and the interpretive strategies of unnatural narrative theory.
Chen Ling, Wang Caiying
Journal of Social Science Studies, Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.5296/jsss.v8i2.19022

Abstract:
With the closer economic ties between countries and the spread of epidemics such as COVID-19, Chinese pharmaceutical enterprises have a potential international market. The quality of the English translation of pharmaceutical company profiles is of great significance to the development of international market and human health. Compared with 8 Chinese and 8 English pharmaceutical company profiles, there are significant different focuses. Besides the basic information, Chinese pharmaceutical company profiles stress the history and awards of the companies, while English pharmaceutical company profiles are centered on the effective information. The existing C-E translation problems lie in word-for-word translation, lack of logic between sentences or text and redundancy. Guided by adaptation theory, the following conclusions are drawn: on syntax level, when translating, the translator should apply the methods of creative translation, clarify the logical relationship between clauses, adjust the word order of sentences and appropriately add logical conjunctions. On discourse level, the translator can use creative translation— recompose the information of the profiles. Besides, we should emphasize the company’s care for life and health. Only in this way can contextual relations and linguistic structure be adapted. I hope it will be helpful to the English translation of the profiles of Chinese pharmaceutical enterprises.
Larysa Botha,
Journal of Social Science Studies, Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.5296/jsss.v8i2.18703

Abstract:
Background: Psychological contracts, and particularly the honouring of these contracts – are central to employee behaviour and organisational success. The interest of academics and practitioners in this construct is therefore understandable. However, due to the immense amount of information on the topic, a comprehensive review of the literature is necessary. Aim: The aim of this article is to present a critical review on the conceptualisation of the psychological contract, distilling and operationalising the concept, to ensure that debate and future research are linked to a dominant body of knowledge. Setting: Present literature on psychological contracts is fragmented as no conceptual standardisation exists. Method: A comprehensive literature review was conducted to obtain a large quantum of conceptualisations of the construct and evaluate these for breadth of adoption, consensus, and operationalisation. Results: After reviewing reputable sources published between 1960 and 2020, a standard definition proposed, the most recognised typologies specified, and sound measures identified. It was found that Rousseau’s (1995) definition and typologies (transactional and relational contracts) are still widely used, and that the measuring scale for transactional and relational contracts by Millward and Hopkins (1998) demonstrates good psychometric properties and broadly utilised. Conclusion: Since its inception, several amended definitions, typologies, and measurement of the psychological contract have been presented. Nonetheless, the original conceptualisations still seem to prevail. Managerial implications: Researchers and practitioners are now aware of the most widely adopted definitions, typologies and measuring instruments relating to psychological contract and these should guide them in future discussions and research in the field.
Bolou Gbitry Abel, Gouaméné Didier-Charles, Boua Djaman Jean Didier, Nassa Dabié Axel Désiré
Journal of Social Science Studies, Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.5296/jsss.v8i1.18594

Abstract:
Coastal city of the Ivory Coast, San-Pedro is rich in natural, economic and tourist resources. This study analyses the contribution of the tourism economy to local development. Documentary research and a field survey were used to collect data. It should be remembered that San-Pedro has floristic, climatic and hydrographic assets. Moreover, human capital is one of the pillars of this activity with a diversity of actors, a socio-cultural wealth including remarkable historic sites (10) and twenty-eight (28) tourist establishments of varied standing. Despite these assets, the tourist economy suffers from an organizational dysfunction and a weakness in investments. With 64% of the Ivorian workforce working mainly in informal or ephemeral sectors linked to the tourism economy, only 10% of the households surveyed said they were feeling the effects of it. The spatial, social and economic impact of the tourist sector remains below the real potential of this locality and below expectations.
Sumi Rani Saha, Eashrat Jahan Eyemoon
Journal of Social Science Studies, Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.5296/jsss.v8i1.17340

Abstract:
By applying Glock’s multidimensional concept of religiosity, the study aims to explore the nature of religious commitment among youth by conducting a quantitative study among 254 Muslim students from different departments of Social Sciences faculty and also Science and Engineering faculty at University of Barishal, Bangladesh. The findings of the study show that majority of the respondents who belong to young generation are strong at their ideological and experiential dimension of religiosity. But in ritualistic and consequential dimension their position is not significant at all. They are more believer than a performer. Besides their exposure in the intellectual dimension of religiosity is in moderate level.
Viviane Bayala, Kemo Badiane
Journal of Social Science Studies, Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.5296/jsss.v8i1.17576

Abstract:
Essentially based on the analysis of documentary and oral sources collected in libraries and from networks, this paper reexamines the Chinese approach in the field of development aid. It is based on the premise that the Chinese aid policy in Africa combines realism and idealism to reach its foreign policy goals in Africa, and this singularity is firmly rooted in old-fashioned principles stemming from the Chinese strategic culture. To show this assertion is relevant, the article includes three sections. The first section analyzes the cultural principles which determine the Chinese foreign policy as a whole; whereas the last two sections explain their relevance on the realist and idealist dimensions of China’s aid policy in Africa. Finally, we discuss the implications of China’s approach in the field of development aid.
David Kwasi Mensah
Journal of Social Science Studies, Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.5296/jsss.v8i1.18590

Abstract:
The relationship on leadership quality and its impact on skewed economic development in Ghana have been investigated. This investigation has been carried out in Ghana and its neighbouring countries that attained independence around the same time, under similar pattern of political governance. A comparative analysis is used to differentiate between these countries economic policies and their leadership styles used. It reveals that Ghana remains static and underdeveloped for many years despite changes in leadership and political governance. Evidently, while at the time of their independence, Ghana’s per capital income in 1960 was higher than Nigeria, India and Egypt. Ghana’s development has been sluggish whilst the rest of the countries have accelerated at a faster rate with fantastic economic policies combined with good leadership skills.
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