Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 23274115 / 23274107
Current Publisher: Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. (10.4236)
Total articles ≅ 86
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SHERPA/ROMEO
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Ian G. Munabi, William Buwembo, G. Munabi Ian, Buwembo William
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research, Volume 8, pp 18-37; doi:10.4236/fmar.2020.82003

Abstract:
Human cadaver dissection remains a core and preferred method of anatomical instruction at most low- and middle-income health professional training institutions. Dissection, which is both traumatic and stressful, sets the tone of the students’ responses to later and or similar stressful learning opportunities like the post-mortems or care for terminally ill patients. Partial least squares structural equation modelling was used to determine the effect of the students’: personality, perception of the learning environment, learning approach, and effect of the environment on the student, on undergraduate health professional student’s activity in the human cadaver dissection room. This was a secondary analysis of previously collected data from a cross sectional survey of undergraduate health professional students. We found that personality type and perception of the environment had a positive effect on dissection room activity. Approach to learning and being affected by the dissection room experience (impact), had a negative effect on dissection room activity. All the above effects on dissection room activity were not significant. This study showed that personality, perception of the learning environment, learning approach and effect of the environment on the student, had effects on undergraduate health professional student’s activity in the human cadaver dissection room. The modelled effects are opportunities for educational interventions aimed at increasing student activity in the dissection room.
Luiz Eugênio Nigro Mazzilli, Nelson Massanobu Sakaguti, Mário Marques Fernandes, Juan Antonio Cobo Plana, Fernanda Capurucho Horta Bouchardet, Rogério Nogueira De Oliveira
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research, Volume 8, pp 1-10; doi:10.4236/fmar.2020.81001

Abstract:
Forensic aesthetic facial damage—AFD expert’s valuation is a concerning matter in court as expressively vary in between experts. In fact, differences can be quite significant suggesting examiners age, sex and professional qualification may influence this valuation. Aiming to offer a systematic and more objective evaluation, some methods for assessing AFD had been proposed lately. Known as Aesthetic Impairment Impact Perception (AIPE), Cobo-Plana’s revised methodology (2010) was idealized to minimize the examiner’s subjectivity by means of answering an ordered sequence of questions related to the specific damage perception. This research aims to access AFD perception differences (simulated cases) in between Lawyers, Heath professionals (Physicians and Dental surgeons) and general professionals (laypeople) under AIPE methodology in order to allow a better comprehension of AFD when dealing with forensic expertise cases. Within Groups perceptions varied (p < 0.05) when evaluating lesions below “important” severity grade. Raters over 35 Years age scored higher AFD lesions, and rater’s sex (as an independent variable) did not express any significant difference in AFD scoring. The tendency of under-rating AFD lesions below very important severity grade was observed being a matter of major concern considered their prevalence and the effective consequences involved to the victim. These results recommend extra caution when performing AFD evaluation and consequently expertise reports, claiming a more judicious analysis based on consolidated standards and suggest, examiners to be more perceptive to physical damage evaluation in order to include social perceptions and reactions, mainly, victims feelings and constrains over their aesthetic loss.
Magaye Gaye, Papa Adama Dieng, Ainina Ndiaye, Racky Wade, Sidy Diop, Ndeye Fatou Sow, Papa Amath Diagne, Souleymane Diatta, Salmane Ba, Mourad Boufi, et al.
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research, Volume 8, pp 45-53; doi:10.4236/fmar.2020.82005

Abstract:
Several theories point to the influence of the geometry of femoral arterial bifurcation in the formation and evolution of atherosclerosis plaques at the level of common, superficial and deep femoral arteries. The objective of this study is to correlate the degrees of calcifications of the femoral tripod with different morphological parameters, namely conicity, tortuosity, proximal and distal diameters of the arteries and angles between the common femoral artery (CFA) and the superficial femoral artery (SFA) and the profound femoral artery (PFA) and the superficial femoral artery. The results showed that only the tortuosity of the common femoral artery influences the formation of atherosclerosis plaque. These results allow us to predict the degree of calcification of the femoral tripod based on the tortuosity of the common femoral artery.
Abdoulaye Abdoulaye, François Uhl Jean, Daou Mariam, Delmas Vincent, S. Park J., S. Chung B., Babou Ba, Ongoïba Nouhoum, Abdoulaye Kanté, Jean François Uhll, et al.
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research, Volume 8, pp 55-63; doi:10.4236/fmar.2020.83006

Abstract:
Aim: To carry out a 3D vector reconstruction of the typical cervical vertebra from anatomical sections of the “Korean Visible Human” for educational purposes. Material and Methods: The anatomical subject was a 33-year-old Korean man who died of leukemia. He was 164 cm tall and weighed 55 kg. This man donated his body to science. Her body was frozen and cut into several anatomical sections after an MRI and CT scan. These anatomical sections were made using a special saw called a 0.2 mm thick cryomacrotome. Thus 8100 cuts were obtained. Only the sections numbered 940 to 1200 were used for our study. A segmentation by manual contouring of the different parts of the typical cervical vertebra was made using the software Winsurf version 3.5 on a laptop PC running Windows 7 equipped with a Ram of 8 gigas. Results: Our 3D vector model of the typical cervical vertebra is easily manipulated using the Acrobat 3DPDF interface. Each part of the vertebra accessible in a menu can be displayed, hidden or made transparent, and 3D labels are available as well as educational menus for learning anatomy. Conclusion: This original work constitutes a remarkable educational tool for the anatomical study of the typical cervical vertebra and can also be used as a 3D atlas for simulation purposes for training in therapeutic gestures.
Babou Ba, Siaka Diakité, Abdoulaye Kanté, Tata Touré, Moumouna Koné, Nouhoum Ongoïba, Abdel Karim Koumaré, Siaka Sidibé
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research, Volume 8, pp 11-17; doi:10.4236/fmar.2020.82002

Abstract:
Roughly quadrangular, the chiasma presents many morphological variations. The optical chiasm, odd and symmetrical structure of the optical pathways, is a required passage of the axons of neurons for the visual pathways. Any modification of its morphology evokes a pathological process, generally tumoral. The quality of MRI images rivals that of anatomical slices. So the MRI is essential for the study of the chiasma. The aim of this work was to study the morphometry of the optic chiasm in patients addressed for cerebral MRI to the imaging department of the university hospital of the POINT-G, during the period from July 29, to November 30, 2016. All patients who had a normal examination of the optic chiasma, numbering 15, were included in this study. In 86.66% of cases the chiasma had a quadrilateral form. Its average length was 8.73 mm and its average width was 13 mm. The average thickness was 4.13 mm.
Salama Essam Eldin Abdelhady
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research, Volume 8, pp 38-44; doi:10.4236/fmar.2020.82004

Abdoulaye Kanté, Abdoulaye Koné, Daouda Camara, Bréhima Bengaly, Bréhima Coulibaly, Drissa Traoré, Babou Ba, Mariam Daou, Nouhoum Ongoïba
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research, Volume 7, pp 37-43; doi:10.4236/fmar.2019.72007

Abstract:
Aim: The aim of this study is to determine from a series of 1000 cases the usual dimensions of the portal vein according to the medical ultrasound. Methodology: We realized a transverse study over 2 years (from January 2015 to December 2017). It concerned an ultrasound exploration of the portal vein. The studied population was healthy voluntary subjects visible without history of abdominal trauma and abdominal operating scar. Results: The average age was 39 years ± 12.16 with extremes of 19 years and 70 years. The decade of 21 - 29 years represented 46.2%. The transverse diameter of the portal vein in its origin varied between 8 and 10 mm in 57.9% of the cases. The average was 9.05 ± 2.82 mm with extremes of 5 and 16 mm. The transverse diameter of the portal vein in its ending varied between 8 and 10 mm in 56.9%. In 29.8% of the cases, the length of the portal vein was between 61 and 70 mm and in 8.8% between 81 and 100 mm. The average length was 58 ± 22.3 mm. Before its penetration in the liver, the portal vein divided into 2 branches in 967 cases (96.7%) and in 3 branches in 33 cases (3.3%). Conclusion: This original study shows the normal dimensions of the portal vein to Malian.
Youssouf Sidibé, Abdoulaye Kanté, Bréhima Bengaly, Siaka Diallo, Mariam Daou, Drissa Ouattara, Babou Ba, Bréhima Coulibaly, Birama Togola, Drissa Traoré, et al.
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research, Volume 7, pp 24-30; doi:10.4236/fmar.2019.71005

Abstract:
Aim: The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of the hurts of the inferior laryngeal nerve, according to its anatomical reports with the inferior thyroid artery during the thyroid surgery. Methodology: We realized a forward-looking and retrospective study from January, 1979 till December, 2017 in the service of surgery “B” to the University hospital of the Point G of Bamako and in the service of ENT and cervico-facial surgery of the Teaching Hospital “Mother-Child”, the Luxembourg of Bamako (Mali). All the patients operated in both services for mild goiters were retained. Cancers and other thyroid pathologies were not included. The diagnosis of mild goiter was paused by the histological examination realized on all the surgical specimens. Results: On 2109 dissections of the inferior laryngeal nerve realized during the surgical operations on the thyroid, the frequency of lesion of the inferior laryngeal nerve was 1.09% (20 cases) when it passed dorsally with regard to the inferior thyroid artery (1837 cases) and when 4.04%, it was transvascular or prevascular (272 cases). Conclusion: The prevascular route or transvascular of the inferior laryngeal nerve favors its lesion per operating.
Babou Ba, Abdoulaye Kanté, Drissa Traoré, Bréhima Bengaly, Mariam Daou, Bréhima Coulibaly, Drissa Ouattara, Siaka Diallo, Siaka Diakité, Moumouna Koné, et al.
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research, Volume 7, pp 8-12; doi:10.4236/fmar.2019.71002

Bréhima Coulibaly, Abdoulaye Kanté, Abdoulaye Koné, Bréhima Bengaly, Babou Ba, Youlouza Coulibaly, Oncoumba Diarra, Adama Seriba Diarra, Drissa Traoré, Mariam Daou, et al.
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research, Volume 7, pp 44-49; doi:10.4236/fmar.2019.72008

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