Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 23274115 / 23274107
Current Publisher: Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. (10.4236)
Total articles ≅ 81
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Luiz Eugênio Nigro Mazzilli, Nelson Massanobu Sakaguti, Mário Marques Fernandes, Juan Antonio Cobo Plana, Fernanda Capurucho Horta Bouchardet, Rogério Nogueira De Oliveira
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research, Volume 8, pp 1-10; doi:10.4236/fmar.2020.81001

Abstract:Forensic aesthetic facial damage—AFD expert’s valuation is a concerning matter in court as expressively vary in between experts. In fact, differences can be quite significant suggesting examiners age, sex and professional qualification may influence this valuation. Aiming to offer a systematic and more objective evaluation, some methods for assessing AFD had been proposed lately. Known as Aesthetic Impairment Impact Perception (AIPE), Cobo-Plana’s revised methodology (2010) was idealized to minimize the examiner’s subjectivity by means of answering an ordered sequence of questions related to the specific damage perception. This research aims to access AFD perception differences (simulated cases) in between Lawyers, Heath professionals (Physicians and Dental surgeons) and general professionals (laypeople) under AIPE methodology in order to allow a better comprehension of AFD when dealing with forensic expertise cases. Within Groups perceptions varied (p < 0.05) when evaluating lesions below “important” severity grade. Raters over 35 Years age scored higher AFD lesions, and rater’s sex (as an independent variable) did not express any significant difference in AFD scoring. The tendency of under-rating AFD lesions below very important severity grade was observed being a matter of major concern considered their prevalence and the effective consequences involved to the victim. These results recommend extra caution when performing AFD evaluation and consequently expertise reports, claiming a more judicious analysis based on consolidated standards and suggest, examiners to be more perceptive to physical damage evaluation in order to include social perceptions and reactions, mainly, victims feelings and constrains over their aesthetic loss.
Abdoulaye Kanté, Abdoulaye Koné, Daouda Camara, Bréhima Bengaly, Bréhima Coulibaly, Drissa Traoré, Babou Ba, Mariam Daou, Nouhoum Ongoïba
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research, Volume 7, pp 37-43; doi:10.4236/fmar.2019.72007

Abstract:Aim: The aim of this study is to determine from a series of 1000 cases the usual dimensions of the portal vein according to the medical ultrasound. Methodology: We realized a transverse study over 2 years (from January 2015 to December 2017). It concerned an ultrasound exploration of the portal vein. The studied population was healthy voluntary subjects visible without history of abdominal trauma and abdominal operating scar. Results: The average age was 39 years ± 12.16 with extremes of 19 years and 70 years. The decade of 21 - 29 years represented 46.2%. The transverse diameter of the portal vein in its origin varied between 8 and 10 mm in 57.9% of the cases. The average was 9.05 ± 2.82 mm with extremes of 5 and 16 mm. The transverse diameter of the portal vein in its ending varied between 8 and 10 mm in 56.9%. In 29.8% of the cases, the length of the portal vein was between 61 and 70 mm and in 8.8% between 81 and 100 mm. The average length was 58 ± 22.3 mm. Before its penetration in the liver, the portal vein divided into 2 branches in 967 cases (96.7%) and in 3 branches in 33 cases (3.3%). Conclusion: This original study shows the normal dimensions of the portal vein to Malian.
Youssouf Sidibé, Abdoulaye Kanté, Bréhima Bengaly, Siaka Diallo, Mariam Daou, Drissa Ouattara, Babou Ba, Bréhima Coulibaly, Birama Togola, Drissa Traoré, et al.
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research, Volume 7, pp 24-30; doi:10.4236/fmar.2019.71005

Abstract:Aim: The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of the hurts of the inferior laryngeal nerve, according to its anatomical reports with the inferior thyroid artery during the thyroid surgery. Methodology: We realized a forward-looking and retrospective study from January, 1979 till December, 2017 in the service of surgery “B” to the University hospital of the Point G of Bamako and in the service of ENT and cervico-facial surgery of the Teaching Hospital “Mother-Child”, the Luxembourg of Bamako (Mali). All the patients operated in both services for mild goiters were retained. Cancers and other thyroid pathologies were not included. The diagnosis of mild goiter was paused by the histological examination realized on all the surgical specimens. Results: On 2109 dissections of the inferior laryngeal nerve realized during the surgical operations on the thyroid, the frequency of lesion of the inferior laryngeal nerve was 1.09% (20 cases) when it passed dorsally with regard to the inferior thyroid artery (1837 cases) and when 4.04%, it was transvascular or prevascular (272 cases). Conclusion: The prevascular route or transvascular of the inferior laryngeal nerve favors its lesion per operating.
Cynthia Jin, Long Jin
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research, Volume 7, pp 63-67; doi:10.4236/fmar.2019.74010

El Hadji Oumar Ndoye, Amadou Mouctar Diallo, Ibou Thiam, Mouhamed Manibiliot Soumah, Sidy Ahmed Dia, Mor Ndiaye
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research, Volume 7, pp 51-61; doi:10.4236/fmar.2019.73009

Babou Ba, Abdoulaye Kanté, Tata Touré, Moumouna Koné, Fousseyni Guissé, Drissa Traoré, Tièman Coulibaly, Nouhoun Ongoïba, A. K. Koumare
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research, Volume 7, pp 76-84; doi:10.4236/fmar.2019.74012

Abstract:Objectives: The purpose of this work was to measure the dimensions of the femoral veins, to describe the affluent and the variations of the femoral veins. Methodology: Twenty-four femoral veins of 12 fresh adult cadavers were dissected and photographed. Results: The diameter of the superficial, deep and common femoral veins was respectively 8.75 mm; 7.60 mm and 13.95 mm. The common femoral vein was 80.70 mm long. At the level of the superficial vein, the modal disposition was noted in 79.17%; as anatomical variations, it was split in 2 cases, the presence of a collateral canal in 1 case and in 2, and it received a quadricipital muscle vein. At the level of the deep femoral vein, the modal disposition was noted in 16.67%, and the anatomical variations were noted in 83.33% where it received no affluent in the femoral trine. The modal disposition was noted in 91.67% at the level of the mode of birth of the common femoral vein, in 16.67% at the level of its tributaries. The anatomical variations were noted in 8.33% in the mode of birth of the femoral vein, in 83.33% in which the common femoral vein received, in addition to the large saphenous vein, other tributaries, the most frequent of which were the quadricipital veins and the circumflex femoral veins. Conclusion: The diameter of the femoral veins is important. The main tributaries of the common femoral vein are GVS, VQ and circumflex femoral veins. The femoral variations are numerous and important to know to avoid a possible misdiagnosis in case of their thrombosis.
Babou Ba, Abdoulaye Kanté, Tata Touré, Moumouna Koné, Ousmane Ibrahim Touré, Cheikh Tidiane Diallo, Komlavi David Kouamenou, Abdel-Latif Issa-Touré, Gaoussou Simpara, Aboubacar Sidiki Fofana, et al.
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research, Volume 7, pp 68-75; doi:10.4236/fmar.2019.74011

Abstract:Objectives: The purpose of this work was to determine the dimensions of CFA before the birth of the deep thigh artery, describe the mode of termination of the CFA, search for CFA collaterals, and describe the anatomical variations of the CFA. Methodology: This was a prospective study conducted at the Anatomy Laboratory of the Faculty of Medicine and Odonto-Stomatology of Bamako. CFA arteries of 12 fresh corpses of adults include 9 men and 3 women. A total of 24 CFA arteries were dissected and photographed. Results: The mean length of CFA was 50.9 ± 12.55 mm (range: 31 and 93 mm). Its average diameter was 9.12 ± 1.17 mm (range: 7 and 12 mm). In 70.83%, the CFA artery ended without any particularity. There was 29.17% anatomic variation in the CFA termination mode. The CFA divided into 3 branches (trifurcation) in 25%. The 3 branches were in 20.83%, the FS and a common core to LFCA and AQ; in 4.17%, they were the SFA, the DFA and the MFCA. In 4.17%, it divided into 4 branches which are: the SFA, the DFA, the MFCA and a common core to QA and LFCA. The CFA gave as collateral: circumflex superficial iliac artery in 22 cases (91.67%), superficial epigastric artery in 19 cases (79.17%), upper external pudendal artery in 20 cases (83.33%), and lower external pudendal artery in 14 cases (58.33%). We noted in our series 9 anatomical variations at the collateral level of the CFA or 37.5%. The CFA gave birth to the following branches: the MFCA in 4 cases or 16.67%, the LFCA in 1 case or 4.17%, the QA in 1 case or 4.17%, and a common core to the QA and LFCA in 3 cases or 12.5%. Conclusion: The length of CFA is important. The variations of CFA are frequent and important to know in clinical and surgical practice.
Bréhima Coulibaly, Abdoulaye Kanté, Abdoulaye Koné, Bréhima Bengaly, Babou Ba, Youlouza Coulibaly, Oncoumba Diarra, Adama Seriba Diarra, Drissa Traoré, Mariam Daou, et al.
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research, Volume 7, pp 44-49; doi:10.4236/fmar.2019.72008

Abdoulaye Kanté, Babou Ba, Bréhima Bengaly, Mariam Daou, Bréhima Coulibaly, Drissa Ouattara, Siaka Diakité, Moumouna Koné, Tata Touré, Cheickh Tidiane Diallo, et al.
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research, Volume 7, pp 31-35; doi:10.4236/fmar.2019.71006

Abstract:Aim: The purpose of this work was to describe the left renal retro-aortic vein. Methodology: A case of left renal retro-aortic vein was discovered on a corpse of male, 45-year-old adult during the dissections to the laboratory of anatomy of the Faculty of Medicine of Bamako. The way at first was a xypho-pubic median and two side abdominal sections under costal and inguinal. The side sections under costal went of the median section to sides by following the costal edge. The inguinal side sections went of the median section to the anterior and superior iliac thorns. The abdominal wall was opened and reclined by every quoted. The small intestine and the colonist were resected with their meso. The renal pedicle was dissected on each side. The abdominal aorta and the inferior vena cava were dissected by the diaphragm up to the headland. Arteries and iliac veins were also dissected. Results: On male corpse, 45 years old, we discovered a left renal retro-aortic vein in horizontal route, and the trunk of the left renal vein was formed by the confluence of three veins at the level of the left renal hilum. The left renal vein passed almost horizontally below the left renal artery. It passed then behind the abdominal aorta to end in the inferior vena cava at the level of its left side face. The right renal vein had a normal aspect. Conclusion: The left renal retro-aortic vein is one of the variants of the anomalies of the system cellar inferior. The left renal retro-aortic vein could be responsible for renal aplasia.
Babou Ba, Abdoulaye Kanté, Drissa Traoré, Bréhima Bengaly, Mariam Daou, Bréhima Coulibaly, Drissa Ouattara, Siaka Diallo, Siaka Diakité, Moumouna Koné, et al.
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research, Volume 7, pp 8-12; doi:10.4236/fmar.2019.71002