ISABB Journal of Health and Environmental Sciences

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 19373236 / 19373236
Current Publisher: Academic Journals (10.5897)
Total articles ≅ 12
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Larba Berenger Kabore Yewayan, Testa Jean, Romaric Bado Aristide, Folly Anyovi, Kabore Souleymane
ISABB Journal of Health and Environmental Sciences, Volume 7, pp 1-10; doi:10.5897/isaab-jhe2019.0056

Abstract:
Fruits and vegetables (F&Vs) are an essential food group for humans and prevent non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The objective of this study is to know the level of consumption of F&Vs by health professionals in Ouagadougou and their determinants. This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted from May to August 2016 in the Central Region of Burkina Faso. It included 442 health workers according to cluster sampling. Data collection tools consisted of frequency of food consumption of fruits and vegetables. The results showed that the level of F&Vs consumption among health professionals is very low. Only 11.5% of respondents consumed fruits every day and 21.8% did the same for vegetables and 1.4% of health professionals consumed more than five servings of F&Vs per day. Only 1.6% of health professionals surveyed had sufficient knowledge of the functions of F&Vs, and 85.8% were not aware of the recommendations of World Health Organizations regarding the consumption of F&Vs. Gender, distance from the fruit supply, and average monthly financial income were associated with the irregularity of the fruit consumption at the threshold of 5% in the univariate analysis. However, in the multivariate analysis, gender, profession, distance from fruit supply and average monthly financial income were predictive of irregular fruit consumption. The level of F&Vs consumption in health professionals is low, as is their level of knowledge of the functions of F&Vs. Key words: Burkina Faso, consumption, determinants, fruits and vegetables, health professionals.
ISABB Journal of Health and Environmental Sciences; doi:10.5897/isabb-jhe

S. O. Oladejo, O. A. Morenikeji
ISABB Journal of Health and Environmental Sciences, Volume 6, pp 1-9; doi:10.5897/isaab-jhe2018.0052

Ashenafi Tesfaye, Fekadu Dadi Abel, Gizaw Zemichael
ISABB Journal of Health and Environmental Sciences, Volume 5, pp 43-51; doi:10.5897/isaab-jhe2018.0050

Abstract:
The government of Ethiopia has been working in creating and increasing the number of open defecation free kebeles as a strategy of improving sanitation coverage in the country. However, apart from increasing sanitation coverage, data on utilization of the constructed latrines was not well investigated. Therefore, the study objective was to assess the latrine utilization coverage of the kebeles who have already declared open defecation free. Community-based cross-sectional study design with multistage sampling technique was employed. Data were checked, coded and entered into EpiInfo version 7 and analyzed using SPSS version 20. Bivariable and multivariable logistic regression model were fitted to identify factors associated with latrine utilization. Odds ratio with its 95% confidence interval was used as a measure of association. Eighty-three percent of the dwellers utilized their latrine. The odds of latrine utilization was higher among households which had latrine constructed after 2 years [AOR: 2.27; 95% CI: 1.23, 4.19], maintained latrine [AOR: 2.71; 95% CI: 1.61, 4.55], and had under-five children [AOR: 2.02; 95% CI: 1.24, 3.26]. However, households which had latrine constructed from wood and plastic [AOR: 0.44; 95% CI: 0.24, 0.81] and who constructed their latrine looking at their friends [AOR: 0.35; 95% CI: 0.18, 0.68] were less likely to use their latrine. The extent of latrine utilization is high in the community. Further strengthening of implementation modalities giving due consideration for the aforementioned factors is highly recommended. Key words: Latrine utilization, open defecation free, cross sectional, Ethiopia.
Akhtar Saira, Ahmad Shabbir, Huifang Wu, Shahbaz Aroosa, Ghafoor Abdul, Imran Shakeel, Zafar Asma
ISABB Journal of Health and Environmental Sciences, Volume 5, pp 33-42; doi:10.5897/isaab-jhe2018.0045

G. Nduhiu, M. M. Gicheru, P. B. Gathura, N. K. Karanja, W. T. Githinji, A. Nordin
ISABB Journal of Health and Environmental Sciences, Volume 5, pp 28-32; doi:10.5897/isaab-jhe2018.0043

M. Adel Miah
ISABB Journal of Health and Environmental Sciences, Volume 5, pp 9-27; doi:10.5897/isaab-jhe2017.0037

Abstract:
India’s lightning fatalities correlate with her spatial extent of water bodies. Evaporation from reservoirs and irrigated lands provides moisture for cloud formation. Hot and humid air flowing overland can rise over mountains where it expands under reduced pressure, cools down to promote condensation in contact with sea salt, dust particles, soot from forest fires, bacteria, etc. Agitation within the cloud leads to inter- and intra-cloud charge separation. The cloud -to-ground voltage makes the aerial path conducting and charge neutralization occurs in which the ground or subject on the ground acts as a source of upward-moving positive charge. Also, hot and humid air can rise high, cool down, and result in condensation. Further, a cold and dry air mass can meet a warm and moist air mass, resulting in the saturation of the warmer air to produce clouds. India’s plan to pirate the flood season Ganges water, implementation of the Grand River linking project, and deprivation of Pakistan of the Indus water make her more vulnerable to lightning strikes. All physical postures; standing, sitting, lying-carry risk of lightning strikes either because of being tall and/or having large inter-limb separation with a large voltage difference favoring a fatal current flow. But the prostration posture in Muslim prayer when several parts of the body touch the ground carries the least risk of lightning hit because of the shortest body height and the shortest inter-limb separation ensuring low inter-limb voltages and so low current. Prostration drill can protect one from lightning strike. Key words: Lightning, irrigation, reservoirs, evaporation, cumulonimbus clouds, river networking, the Ganges, the Indus, buoyancy, Muslim prayer posture.
Abate Woya Ashenafi, Kassa Tekile Abay, Abebaw Mitiku Aweke
ISABB Journal of Health and Environmental Sciences, Volume 5, pp 1-8; doi:10.5897/isaab-jhe2017.0040

Ngala Ndi Humphrey, Ndzifon Kimengsi Jude, Humphrey Ngala Ndi, Jude Ndzifon Kimengsi
ISABB Journal of Health and Environmental Sciences, Volume 4, pp 1-10; doi:10.5897/isaab-jhe2017.0035

Abstract:
This study posits that socioeconomic factors determine the patterns of epilepsy. The transmission of cysticerci between pig and man is facilitated by traditional pig rearing, slaughtering, and the poor detection of Taenia solium in slaughter pigs. Neurocysticercosis, resulting from T. solium is often associated with focal epilepsy. To ascertain this relationship, a co-relational design was applied to compare epilepsy prevalence with human activities that may predispose people to the risks of the disease. Information on epilepsy and T. solium was sourced from survey by questionnaire. Hospitals and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) also provided information. The lack of coherent data on epilepsy however lessened the desired rigour in the test of the association of T. solium and epilepsy. Whereas porcine farming and epilepsy were reported from the entire region, Mezan and Batibo dominated both. The obtained Kendall’s tau of -0.881 indicated a strong negative correlation between epilepsy and pork consumption in the areas surveyed. Notwithstanding, the disagreement among researchers on the association between neurocysticercosis and epilepsy, agreement is strong on the association of neorocysticercosis porcine farming areas. Thus, the strength of this study resides in the attempt to pattern porcine farming and epilepsy geographically. Such surveys can provide clues to disease control and the fight against T. solium. Key words: Epilepsy, porcine farming, Taenia solium, neurocysticercosis, Batibo, Cameroon.
Enkuahone Kassie Koyachew, Koyachew Enkuahone Kassie
ISABB Journal of Health and Environmental Sciences, Volume 3, pp 1-8; doi:10.5897/isaab-jhe2016.0026

Abstract:
The problem of solid waste management (SWM) and its implications to health and environmental problems has become increasing. The issue of SWM in Bahir Dar city appeared to be one of the problems that need a great improvement. The principal results show that institutional, economic and social factors hinder SWM service in Ethiopia with particular focus on Bahir Dar city. Also, the results of the study reveal that most of the respondents have low awareness towards appropriate SWM. Purposive sampling was used to sample kebele (Kebele is the smallest administrative unit (administrative neighborhood units) of Ethiopia similar to a ward or peasant association) whereas random sampling technique was employed to select sample households. Data were collected from the respondents using questionnaire, key informant interview and observation. It is recommended that government should encourage the private service providers through clear institutional structure and create community awareness about the disposal systems of solid wastes. Key words: Solid waste management, appropriate waste disposal, people awareness.
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