Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 1693-556X / 2406-8748
Current Publisher: LPPM UNPAR (10.26593)
Total articles ≅ 71
Current Coverage
DOAJ
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SHERPA/ROMEO
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Hardi Alunaza, Musfiroh Musfiroh
Published: 11 December 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional, Volume 16, pp 195-209; doi:10.26593/jihi.v16i2.3421.195-209

Abstract:
China's foreign policy has attracted the attention of many parties. Various views emerged after knowing the spread of Chinese influence, especially in the Asia Pacific Region. Foreign aid is the main tool used by China to approach developing countries. The existence of China indirectly threatens old donor countries that have helped development in developing countries. This article is discussing the involvement of China with old donors such as New Zealand and Australia in trilateral aid cooperation in the Pacific. Trilateral cooperation involves old donor countries, recipient countries, and new donor countries, namely China. This research uses the approach of engagement concept through descriptive research and qualitative approaches with sources of literature study data from books, journals, research reports that support the final results of the analysis. Increasing Chinese aid in the Pacific is seen as a threat to old donor countries in the region. This attitude can indirectly inhibit China in articulating its interests in the Pacific. The results of this paper indicate that China uses engagement strategies through a trilateral assistance cooperation approach to change the behavior and views of old donors on the existence of China in the Pacific. China's role has succeeded in reducing the views and behavior of old donors who consider it as a threat. China also proves the success of exploring broader cooperation with countries in the Pacific.
Falhan Hakiki
Published: 11 December 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional, Volume 16, pp 127-142; doi:10.26593/jihi.v16i2.3476.127-142

Abstract:
Etiopia merupakan negara yang telah sering mengalami kekeringan dan fenomena El Nino. Hal tersebut telah terjadi begitu lama yang mengakibatkan dampak-dampak yang ditimbulkan seperti krisis pangan yang menyebabkan kelaparan hingga menimbulkan korban jiwa. Pada artikel ini, penulis menganalisis dampak krisis pangan yang terjadi di Etiopia yang mengakibatkan terganggunya human security di Etiopia menggunakan konsep human security dan food security, dimana menurut United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) bahwa ketika salah satu aspek human security sebuah negara terganggu, maka juga berdampak kepada human security suatu negara, termasuk Etiopia dimana aspek food security yang terganggu berdampak kepada human security. Kemudian penulis menganalisis dampak dari krisis makanan terhadap human security di Etiopia dapat dari tiga dimensi Human Development Index (HDI), yaitu angka harapan hidup, standar hidup dan pendapatan, beserta tingkat pendidikan. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa dari tiga dimensi HDI, krisis pangan tidak memberikan pengaruh terhadap human security di Etiopia, walaupun krisis pangan mengakibatkan jatuhnya korban jiwa, penyakit, dan malnutrisi.
Ni Made Laksmi Udayani, Andi Akhmad Basith Dir
Published: 11 December 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional, Volume 16, pp 227-241; doi:10.26593/jihi.v16i2.3478.227-241

Abstract:
Food security become very important as food crisis occurred in 2008. Under the administration of Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono in 2009 to 2014, the crisis due to increase in population in Indonesia encourages increase in food demand. However, to fulfill Indonesia’s food demand it still depends on the availability from international market. This research aims to analyze why countries like Indonesia dependent on international markets for food security aspect despite having the capability to achieve fulfillment on food. To analyze the reasons, the concepts of comparative advantage, dependency, and national capabilities will be use to analyze the factors on why nations depend on international market to achieve its food security. Accompanied by a comparison between Indonesia with Vietnam, Malaysia, and United States to see the similarities and differences to achieved food security in the international market. With qualitative research methods and comparison focus on explanative research also using literature studies in data collection. The results of this study finds that Indonesia dependence are influenced by comparative advantage policy of other countries which in this case are Vietnam and Malaysia, the international market system that encourages dependency, and Indonesia inability to maximizing its national capability compared to United States. Keywords: dependency, comparative advantage, national capabilities, Indonesia, food security.
Naufal Muhammad Firdaus
Published: 11 December 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional, Volume 16, pp 211-226; doi:10.26593/jihi.v16i2.3510.211-226

Abstract:
Konflik interal yang terjadi di Sierra Leone pada tahun 1991 merupakan salah satu contoh sifat konflik yang mulai berubah semenjak berakhirnya Perang Dingin dimana konflik antarnegara mulai berkurang dan berubah menjadi konflik internal di dalam sebuah negara. Dalam hal ini upaya resolusi konflik pun perlu melakukan perubahan dimana dalam hal ini terdapat 2 badan yang memiliki legitimasi yaitu PBB dan PMC yang dalam resolusinya pun berbeda satu sama lainnya, dalam hal ini PBB lebih menggunakan cara persuasif dengan mengajak kedua pihak yang berkonflik untuk merundingkan bagaimana mengakhiri konflik secara diplomatis dan tanpa kekerasan dengan melakukan gencatan senjata, sedangkan PMC sendiri menggunakan cara kekerasan dalam resolusi konfliknya dengan membantu pemerintahan yang sedang berjalan untuk menanggulangi masalah gerilyawan tersebut secara militer dan memaksa mereka untuk berdamai dengan pemerintah, kedua hal ini memiliki kelebihan dan kekurangan masing-masing namun pada akhirnya ternyata cara penggunaan kekerasan dalam resolusi konflik terbukti lebih berhasil dalam mengurangi intensitas konflik yang terjadi.
Giandi Kartasasmita
Published: 11 December 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional, Volume 16, pp 159-178; doi:10.26593/jihi.v16i2.4204.159-178

Abstract:
This paper aims to explain the securitization process of China’s technology companies by the U.S Government. Whilethe U.S has been aware of the cyber threat since 1998, before Trump's presidency, the U.S. Government had nevertaken drastic measures against foreign technology companies based on national security pretext. This paper revealedthat the U.S. Executive has succeeded in securitizing the Chinese hardware and software companies, proved by theincreasing number of U.S. Citizens, see China as a major threat to the U.S.
Arief Rachman, Marissa Aulia, Nigin Abdulrab, Yulius Purwadi, Mia Dayanti Fajar, A.A.S. Dyah Ayunda
Published: 11 December 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional, Volume 16, pp 259-276; doi:10.26593/jihi.v16i2.4422.259-276

Abstract:
Konflik berkepanjangan yang terjadi di Afghanistan telah menghancurkan kehidupan masyarakat terutama, kaum perempuan dan anak. Tidak sedikit upaya telah dilakukan oleh pemerintah Afghanistan untuk menyelesaikan konflik demi menciptakan perdamaian. Salah satu upaya perdamaian yang dilakukan pemerintah Afghanistan ialah meningkatkan peran dan pemberdayaan perempuan. Indonesia yang juga terlibat dalam Komisi Status Perempuan PBB turut mendukung upaya pemerintah Afghanistan. Pemerintah Indonesia sendiri menyadari bahwa hal tersebut merupakan komitmen internasional Indonesia dalam menjaga perdamaian dunia. Oleh sebab itu, penelitian ini menganalisis diplomasi Indonesia dalam mengupayakan proses perdamaian di Afghanistan melalui penguatan komitmen pemberdayaan perempuan. Penelitian ini menggunakan kerangka pemikiran soft power yang dapat menjelaskan diplomasi yang dilakukan oleh Indonesia dalam melaksanakan kebijakan luar negerinya. Selain itu, tulisan ini juga menggunakan konsep soft power currency dalam menjelaskan sejauh mana diplomasi yang dilakukan oleh Indonesia. Metode kualitatif digunakan dalam penelitian ini dengan menggunakan teknik pengolahan data process-tracing. Dengan demikian, temuan dalam penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa praktik diplomasi Indonesia dalam upaya mendukung proses perdamaian di Afghanistan, khususnya dalam bidang pemberdayaan perempuan sesuai pendekatan soft power currency yang terdiri dari tiga konsep, yaitu beauty, brilliance, dan benignity.
Hasnan Bachtiar
Published: 11 December 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional, Volume 16, pp 179-193; doi:10.26593/jihi.v16i2.3427.179-193

Abstract:
This paper evaluates the larger pattern of American interest in the Arab Gulf. It questions whether the pattern is based on ideological or economic interest. It also critically examines various data and interprets following their (data) social, economic and political interlinks and special topics that have been significantly proposed in the state policy. This paper argues that the US foreign policy represents two larger directions of its interest: economy and ideology. Both have linked together and interrelatedly have determined and have been determined by strategic culture of the states in the region and its complexities covering all national, interstate, regional, broader regional (Middle East) and global levels. This paper also arguably states that there is no single interest that can be oversimplified, but it has remained highly dynamic or has demonstrated multiple complexities of the interest in which they are represented by issues of oil, war on terrorism, nuclear weapon and Israel.
M.A Shary Charlotte Henriette Pattipeilhy, M.S Reni Windiani
Published: 11 December 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional, Volume 16, pp 243-257; doi:10.26593/jihi.v16i2.3306.243-257

Abstract:
This article seeks to analyze the social situation in Indonesia, where the conflict that occurred overseas manifested into violent actions against person or group within the country, who is considered to have a similar identity with overseas perpetrators. This pattern of violence is perpetrated against minority groups in Indonesia who have no involvement in conflict abroad. Some impacts of the Rohingya crisis in Indonesia are ranging from forced closure threat to Vihara in Medan, a demonstration on Buddhist religious symbols, beating against a Buddhist monk, and even bomb terror in Vihara. In social psychology theory, this violence is part of Freud's Defense Mechanism theory called Displacement. Furthermore, to answer why this displaced aggression can occur in Indonesia, I use Social Identity theory that the reductionist view of singular affiliation creates a gap in understanding of 'Self' and 'Other.' It then creates an intergroup bias when individuals tend to prioritize their group (in-group) compared to other groups (out-group). At last, this situation also reaffirms the concept of imagined community by Benedict Anderson.
Farandy Nurmeiga, Henny Saptatia Drajati Nugrahani
Published: 11 December 2020
Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional, Volume 16, pp 143-158; doi:10.26593/jihi.v16i2.3422.143-158

Abstract:
Tahun 2019 ditandai sebagai 56 tahun berlangsungnya hubungan diplomatik antara Turki dan Uni Eropa. Selama hubungan diplomatik tersebut berlangsung, Turki juga berupaya untuk menjadi bagian dari keanggotaan penuh Uni Eropa. Uni Eropa memiliki kepentingan untuk bertindak sebagai kekuatan normatif di Turki selama proses negosiasi keanggotaan. Namun, proses negosiasi tidak berjalan dengan mudah terutama pasca terjadinya kudeta militer 15 Juli 2016 di Turki. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menjelaskan proses de-Eropanisasi pasca peristiwa kudeta dan pengaruh legitimasi Uni Eropa dalam menjalankan peran sebagai kekuatan normatif sehingga terjadi de-Eropanisasi di Turki. Penulis menggunakan konsep de-Eropanisasi dan teori legitimasi untuk mencapai tujuan penelitian. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian kualitatif yang datanya diperoleh dari studi pustaka berupa buku, artikel jurnal, berita, dan internet. Penelitian ini memiliki temuan bahwa tindakan yang diambil Presiden Erdoğan dan partai AKP dalam merespons kudeta militer tidak mencerminkan nilai demokrasi, aturan hukum, dan HAM yang diagungkan oleh Uni Eropa. Hal ini juga dipengaruhi oleh lemahnya legitimasi Uni Eropa di Turki akibat dari bangkitnya pemahaman xenophobia serta Islamophobia di Eropa. Selain itu, Uni Eropa juga gagal menepati janji untuk memberikan hak bebas visa kepada Turki.
Selma Elfirda Karamy, Arry Bainus
Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional, Volume 16, pp 87-97; doi:10.26593/jihi.v16i1.3341.87-97

Abstract:
The high escalation of conflict that occurred in the Middle East region became a global issue which until now still has not found a solution. This situation is also complicated by the presence of US President Donald Trump's controversial immigration policy, which targets the Middle Eastern countries. Various efforts have been made by each country to reduce tension and maintain social and political stability in each country. In the midst of the many efforts made, emerging non-state actor that are trying to resolve conflicts, one of which is the Divan OrcThe high escalation of conflict that occurred in the Middle East region became a global issue which until now still has not found a solution. This situation is also complicated by the presence of US President Donald Trump's controversial immigration policy, which targets the Middle Eastern countries. Various efforts have been made by each country to reduce tension and maintain social and political stability in each country. In the midst of the many efforts made, emerging non-state actor that are trying to resolve conflicts, one of which is the Divan Orchestra, an international music organization that runs Music Diplomacy in the conflict countries. In this study, researchers will try to discuss The Divan Orchestra diplomatic roles as a representation of the message of peace from its members. The researcher will use the concepts of Music Diplomacy, Soft Power and Non-State Roles as Analysis Tools. While the research method used is a Qualitative Method using Literature Study. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1953-7663
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