Publik (Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi)
ISSN / EISSN : 2301-573X / 2581-2084
Published by: Universitas Muhammadiyah Gorotalo (10.31314)
Total articles ≅ 77
Latest articles in this journal
Publik (Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi), Volume 10, pp 139-151; https://doi.org/10.31314/pjia.10.1.139-151.2021
Social assistance is one of the poverty reduction programs carried out by the South Tangerang City Government. Poverty is defined as a condition of the inability of income to meet basic needs so that it is not able to guarantee survival. South Tangerang City has received the spill over effect of various economic impacts. Persons with disabilities have a low level of welfare. The low welfare is partly because they have limited physical functions and often have negative emotional experiences due to their physical limitations. Limited physical functions make it difficult for persons with disabilities to access work because they are considered less productive. This has a negative impact on persons with disabilities such as losing their role, independence, status, and financial stability. The purpose of this study is to analyze the implementation of regional budget social assistance policies for disabilities in South Tangerang. And to find out the supporting factors and inhibiting factors. This research method uses a qualitative approach with descriptive methods. qualitative approach, using the Theory of Policy Implementation according to Edward III. The results of this study indicate that the implementation of the Regional Budget Social Assistance Policy for Disabilities in South Tangerang has not been going well, it is based on poor communication from the implementor to the community, in terms of both human and financial resources are still lacking. Likewise, the supporting facilities in implementing social assistance for disabilities. And most importantly.
Publik (Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi), Volume 10, pp 78-95; https://doi.org/10.31314/pjia.10.1.78-95.2021
The implementation of the duties and functions of government institutions in the President's closest circle is an interesting thing to research. Its strategic position does not necessarily make its role carried out optimally. This can be seen from the function of providing policy recommendations carried out by the Cabinet Secretariat. Problems such as the disobedience of stakeholders to the flow of policy submissions, as well as problems on administrative matters such as supporting rules, communication strategies, information technology support, the effectiveness of policy monitoring, and the implementation of sanctions, have made the implementation of such functions not run optimally. Therefore, this study aims to analyze the implementation of the function of providing policy recommendations by the Cabinet Secretariat. The analytical framework used in this study is Policy Implementation Theory, particularly the Administrative Implementation Model by Matland (1995). This research uses the qualitative method that is descriptive analysis, with the focus of the research is the Cabinet Secretariat in the period 2015 until now. The result of this study is the implementation of the function of providing policy recommendations in dealing with various challenges and problems. However, improvement efforts have been made so that the performance of the function of providing policy recommendations, which is the main performance of the Cabinet Secretariat, can be more optimal.
Publik (Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi), Volume 10, pp 96-108; https://doi.org/10.31314/pjia.10.1.96-108.2021
This study aims to analyze and describe the effectiveness of Waste Management at the Bitung City Environmental Service. The concept used is about the management of public services, the effectiveness of public services and excellent public services. The method used is qualitative, with a focus on the effectiveness of waste management through indicators of sorting, collecting, transporting and processing waste. Sources of data are leaders, structural officials in the field of waste management, supervisors and field officers and the community. The results showed that the waste had not been sorted and separated according to the type, time and place of disposing of the waste had not been complied with according to regulations, as well as the limited number and ability of collecting officers. Limited number and capacity of transportation means, working time or transportation cycle, not all waste has been processed and utilized through waste processing facilities. This study concludes: 1.) The collected waste has not been sorted and separated 2.) The collection of waste by field officers in all areas has not been maximized. 3.) Limited number of fleets, means of transportation, and working time and transportation cycles. 4.) Waste processing and utilization has not been maximized. There are several factors that affect the effectiveness of waste management at the Bitung City Environmental Service, including; Human resources, facilities and infrastructure, rules and regulations, limited land area for landfill.
Publik (Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi), Volume 10, pp 169-180; https://doi.org/10.31314/pjia.10.1.169-180.2021
This study is aimed at analyzing the difference in political participation of inland communities and coastal communities in addressing local elections as an embodiment of synergy in combating Covid-19 and money politics. In this qualitative research, the data were analyzed using an interactive model comprising three analysis components: (1) data reduction, (2) data display, and (3) data verification and conclusion drawing. According to the results, the way the coastal communities respond to the local election differs from that of the inland communities regarding sociological perspective. The coastal communities are not so keen on the election as they concentrate more on their fishing activities. On top of that, people in coastal areas spend most of their time at sea; thus, issues regarding the election are not that impactful for them. The inland communities, on the other hand, has different views thanks to their gregarious characteristic. All their activities and work-life are centralized in a workgroup, enabling the people to have ample time to find out their local leader candidates. This aspect underlines the reason for pluralism among inland communities’ political views, confirming the characteristic of individualism among people in coastal areas.
Publik (Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi), Volume 10, pp 152-168; https://doi.org/10.31314/pjia.10.1.152-108.2021
The vision of the Global Maritime Fulcrum (GMF) for Indonesia not only raises national awareness but also gets international attention. Jokowi in the first term of his administration echoed this vision as the identity of his foreign policy. However, in its implementation, there are various shortcomings. As a result, the vision did not work out well. Especially during his second election as president of Indonesia, Jokowi no longer mentioned GMF as a priority policy. This paper aims to analyze the causes of the failure to implement the GMF vision in Jokowi's first term as president. Several previous studies on GMF were divided into 3 major studies, namely security studies, international cooperation, then regional and geopolitical studies. Most of these studies discuss GMF Indonesia's vision only in the international scope, such as cooperation formed with other countries, its influence on the region, geopolitical implications, and also on the perspective of threats and security. There is no research that specifically addresses the problems and challenges of the GMF. By the governmental and leadership approach in policy studies, this paper identifies the factors that have resulted in the GMF vision's lack of implementation. This article argues that uncoordinated governance, overlapping institutions, and Jokowi's lack of leadership are the main determinants of the success or failure of the GMF vision. The limitations of this study allow for further analysis of the economic perspective of GMF in subsequent studies.
Publik (Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi), Volume 10, pp 126-138; https://doi.org/10.31314/pjia.10.1.126-138.2021
This research aims at how the Village Fund Direct Cash Unity program in the 2019 Corona Dessease Virus pandemic (Covid-19) In Tondegesan Village, Kawangkoan District, this research uses a qualitative approach method, and uses data techniques: observation, interviews and documentation, with data sources are : The Tondegesan Village Government and the Tondegesan Village Community, with the results of the research showing 1). The standards and targets that defined the criteria set did not qualify as BLT-DD recipients. 2) Characteristics of Implementers related to the nature and tendency of implementers in the distribution of BLT-DD to go through various stages carried out through village meetings 3) The communication between the village government and the community is due to the absence of socialization from the village government regarding the BLT-DD program. For request 1) Need to be implemented as much as possible with existing standards and the right target. 2) The village government must be more objective in determining the beneficiary families of BLT-DD according to the established criteria. 3) Communication is needed in creating a harmonious relationship.
Publik (Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi), Volume 10, pp 28-44; https://doi.org/10.31314/pjia.10.1.28-44.2021
Efforts to improve the performance of research and scientific publications in Indonesian universities are still a challenge. Various problems often become an inhibiting factor for lecturers' research performance. This study analyzes how the performance and factors were inhibiting the performance of research and scientific publications at the Universitas Terbuka, which is the only Open and Distance Learning Higher Education institution (PTTJJ) in Indonesia. The research method used is qualitative descriptive. The results showed that although the number of research and journal publications increased during 2017-2019, the performance of research and scientific publications of Universitas Terbuka lecturers has not been optimal. Of the five factors are considered as obstacles, three of which are factors that are generally also found in other universities, namely the lack of competence and motivation of lecturers in researching, lack of research/laboratory support facilities, and the research culture among lecturers has not yet developed well. Meanwhile, two other factors were different findings, namely the issue of lecturer recruitment and development policies in the early days of the establishment of the Universitas Terbuka, which was not in line with the needs of the study program, and the problem of characteristics and workload of PTTJJ lecturers which are different from conventional university lecturers. Universitas Terbuka lecturers are not only obliged to carry out the tri dharma functions of higher education but they are also burdened with tasks related to the management of PTTJJ or quite a lot of academic administrative work.
Publik (Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi), Volume 10, pp 64-77; https://doi.org/10.31314/pjia.10.1.64-77.2021
This article focuses on discussing governance, which is defined as the government's ability in governance. Governability is influenced by the number of parties, the degree of political polarization between parties, party participation in government, and the relationship between most of the parliament and the executive. This research was conducted using a qualitative method with a descriptive analytical approach that describes, describes, and analyzes the governability in Central Sulawesi after the election of governors and vice governors in 2015. Although it has the potential for divided government to occur in the Regional Government of Central Sulawesi because only 13 seats or 29% of 45 (forty-five) the number of seats in the Regional People's Representative Council (DPRD), but in fact throughout 2016-2020 it was running effectively. There has never been any rejection of government programs by the DPRD during the 2016-2020 government. An interesting finding in this research is that the capacity and background of the regional head from the regional head elections has a big role in building governance with the ability to establish communication and coordination with DPRD members. Regional heads with good capacities and a background in bureaucracy and politicians also influence the performance of local governments and are related to their relationship with the DPRD. The governor who governs and the interaction between the governor and the governed all contribute to governability, including the type of external influence
Publik (Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi), Volume 10, pp 45-63; https://doi.org/10.31314/pjia.10.1.45-63.2021
This research examines the two components of the Slippery Slope framework, power, and trust, in influencing formal tax compliance in the West Sumatera and Jambi region. The supervision factors: Notice of Tax Warning and Notice of Tax Collection are used as a proxy of power, and public education program is used as a proxy of trust in the authority. Secondary data collected through documentation study is presented in panel data and then analyzed using panel data regression analysis. As this study uses a mixed quantitative and qualitative method, we conducted in-depth interviews with key informants to get a more robust analysis. This study shows that together and partially, these three factors have a positive and significant effect on formal tax compliance. Notice of Tax Warning and Notice of Tax Collection effectively deliver law enforcement's message as a coercive power through supervision efforts. At the same time, tax education programs are practical to encourage awareness and trust in the authority that ultimately improves tax compliance. This study recommends some improvements in administrative issues and strategies to reach more taxpayers, perform more fair treatment, and enhance compliance.
Publik (Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi), Volume 10, pp 1-17; https://doi.org/10.31314/pjia.10.1.1-17.2021
This paper explains the effectiveness of implementing the Batu Among Tani technology (BATT) program in Batu City. BATT itself is one of the leading smart city concepts of the Batu City Government, which aims to protect and develop agricultural quality. BATT is here to solve some of the fundamental problems of agriculture in Batu City, focusing on harvests, brokers’ intervention, lack of agricultural information, and several other complaints. This research uses qualitative research with a descriptive approach—sources of data obtained through interviews with relevant stakeholders and observations and documentation. Data is processed through data collection, data reduction, data display, and conclusion drawing. The results showed that the BATT Program, which began running effectively in September 2017, was not optimal. First, the server capacity is limited so that it often experiences interruptions and the benefits of services provided are less than optimal. Second, the lack of participation of farmers as active users of BATT. The factor of the lack of outreach and ongoing assistance is the cause. Third, the program has not effectively delivered price updates and cut off the brokers' intervention chain. However, this program is criticized for converting agricultural land to non-agriculture for the past 5 (five) years in Batu City.