Journal of Consumer Sciences
EISSN : 2460-8963
Published by: Journal of Consumer Sciences (10.29244)
Total articles ≅ 54
Latest articles in this journal
Journal of Consumer Sciences, Volume 6, pp 92-110; https://doi.org/10.29244/jcs.6.2.92-110
Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) encourages the community to prioritize basic and personal health needs. This study aimed to explore the consumer behaviour of traditional medicine and health supplements during the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia using the Consumer Decision Model approach. A quick online cross-sectional survey involving 215 respondents was carried out from December 23, 2020, until January 2, 2021. This study revealed that the majority of respondents consume the products as forced by the pandemic situation, and their use has increased than before the pandemic. The primary reason for consuming the product is to increase their immunity during a pandemic, and they felt more healthy after consuming it. Social media and television are the primary sources of product information. Furthermore, we found that the majority of respondents were branded product consumers. Respondents were more likely to have good behaviour based on knowledge of the products' legality, dosage, indication, instructions for use, and expiration date. This study sets appropriate consumer behaviour and performs the statistical tests only for branded product consumers. It is concluded that consumer behaviour in this study is related to product advertisement exposure and acceptance, environmental influence, and individual difference.
Journal of Consumer Sciences, Volume 6, pp 129-150; https://doi.org/10.29244/jcs.6.2.129-149
Management of Waqf by individual collectors dominates Waqf management in Indonesia. However, since Waqf laws stated that The individual and an institution could manage Waqf, the opportunity to develop Waqf is more open for Waqf institutions. One of the established Waqf institutions is the Daarut Tauhiid Waqf institution. This study aims to identify and analyze existing strategies and generate development strategies for Islamic Boarding School-based Waqf. The research method used was descriptive qualitative by using Business Model Canvas (BMC), Strength Weakness Opportunity Threat (SWOT), and Analytical Network Process (ANP) approaches. The researchers conducted this study in Daarut Tauhiid Islamic Boarding School Bandung from November 2020 to March 2021. The respondents were practitioners, namely the director and staff of Daarut Tauhiid Waqf institution, regulators from the Ministry of Religion, and academics from universities in Bogor and Jakarta. Data were collected from in-depth interviews and questionnaires from respondents. The most important development strategy to be implemented in the Daarut Tauhiid Waqf institution is the development of human resources competency. Therefore, competent human resources can establish a trusted, professional, and trustworthy team managing Waqf-based Islamic boarding schools.
Journal of Consumer Sciences, Volume 6, pp 167-182; https://doi.org/10.29244/jcs.6.2.165-180
Coffee consumption is increasing because many types of coffee are circulating, such as instant coffee among the public. The instant coffee studied in this study is the Iwan Fals edition of instant coffee. This study aimed to analyse the lifestyle and effectiveness of instant coffee advertising on instant coffee consumption among peri-urban farmers in Bogor Regency. This study used a cross-sectional study design located in Cibungbulang District, Bogor Regency. The location was chosen purposive because it is a peri-urban area that has more than 20% of agricultural land. A total of 100 respondents in this study were selected using a purposive sampling method with the criteria of a farmer and in the last 12 months consuming and viewing Iwan Fals edition coffee advertisements. The results of this study found that the maker's lifestyle is the most (32%) owned by the respondents. The effectiveness of instant coffee advertising in this study is included in the effective category (3.54). The results showed a relationship between gender, believing lifestyle, trying hard lifestyle with instant coffee consumption. The influence test results found an influence of male gender and lifestyle beliefs on instant coffee consumption. In general, respondents are classified as effective in consuming coffee because of their lifestyle and increase energy.
Journal of Consumer Sciences, Volume 6, pp 151-166; https://doi.org/10.29244/jcs.6.2.150-164
Organic food products are produced without pesticides or genetic engineering. This study analyses the variable product characteristics, website characteristics, Instagram account characteristics, and claims characteristics. This study aimed to analyze the content of claims for organic food on websites and Instagram stores based on the Consumer Protection Law No. 8 of 1999. This study used an exploratory design with content analysis methods. The sample was selected using purposive sampling, namely 100 online shops that sell organic food with details of 50 websites and 50 Instagram accounts. The data collected was categorized and processed using Microsoft Excel, Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) 23.0 and Nvivo 12 Plus. The analysis results show that 56% of website and Instagram stores use subjective claims and 40% using objective claims. As much as 47% of online stores, both websites and Instagram, are categorized as not misleading, and 53% are categorized as misleading or deceptive claims such as ambiguous. 22% of online shops violate Article 8 Paragraph 1, and 20% of online stores violate Article 9 of the Consumer Protection Law.
Journal of Consumer Sciences, Volume 6, pp 111-128; https://doi.org/10.29244/jcs.6.2.111-128
XYZ e-commerce is a company that sells an agricultural product that draws benefits from the COVID-19 pandemic. The purpose of this research was to analyze CRM factors, satisfaction, and consumer loyalty. This study using quantitative research selected with convenience sampling. The online survey applied toward 232 respondents who were unsatisfied with the service in Jabodetabek and processed using Structural Equation Model (SEM). Based on the SEM results, it was found that CRM has a significant effect on consumer satisfaction and consumer satisfaction with consumer loyalty. In contrast, CRM has no significant effect on consumer loyalty. This research concluded that XYZ needs to become a company that makes it easy for consumers, is professional, reliable and trustworthy. However, efforts need to be made to improve the relationship between criticism and suggestions, communication and providing information, regulating product availability, delivery time, and saving consumer costs—the results of this research results are expected to increase satisfaction and loyalty through the CRM approach.
Journal of Consumer Sciences, Volume 6, pp 20-39; https://doi.org/10.29244/jcs.6.1.20-39
The study investigates the perception of acceptability of Nigerian females on beaded jewellery empowerment for entrepreneurial development. Four research questions with two null hypotheses were formulated and tested. Descriptive research of a survey type was adopted. 70 female students from fine and applied arts and 70 female adults from Ilorin metropolis, Nigeria were used. Proportional sampling technique was used to select the 140 participants. A self-structured questionnaire with six sections was used to seek information from them. Data collected were analyzed using frequency and percentage while the hypotheses were tested using chi-square at 0.05 level of significance. Based on the findings, the participants perceived that: beads are the major materials used, the skill might occupy a female’s time and generate income. Profits realized can be substantial for the producers and sellers. The six self -samples were accepted based on colour, design, texture and shape. It can be concluded that the skill might be acquired, used to curb female idleness and unemployment. Among the recommendations stated are: bead crafts should be included in the curriculum at all levels of study, and more aware of its acceptance on mass media and fashion shows for love of beads concerning culture, value and significance.
Journal of Consumer Sciences, Volume 6, pp 40-61; https://doi.org/10.29244/jcs.6.1.40-61
PT Pelita Air Service or PT PAS is a subsidiary of PT Pertamina (Persero) in aviation. In 2018, PT PAS changed its company logo. It is one of the corporate re-branding strategies that aimed to create a good brand image to increase the various services' purchase intention. This study aims to determine the effect of corporate re-branding on purchase intention through the brand image of PT PAS. This study used a quantitative associative approach with the survey method. Based on the sampling method, namely purposive sampling, the survey was performed on 97 respondents who knew about PT PAS. The results showed a direct and significant impact between corporate re-branding on purchase intention through the brand image of PT PAS with 0.375. Meanwhile, the direct effect of corporate re-branding on purchase intention is -0.083. Brand image becomes a mediator between corporate re-branding in increasing its influence on purchase intention. This research is expected to be a reference for PT PAS in evaluating its corporate re-branding strategy to form a better brand image and subsequently increase purchase intention for the services it offers.
Journal of Consumer Sciences, Volume 6, pp 1-19; https://doi.org/10.29244/jcs.6.1.1-19
In 2018, Telkomsel's core business shifted its main services from Telephone and SMS services to Data and Digital services, since a declining trend of revenue starting 2014. However, telephone service still contributed 28.4% to the revenue and was the second largest, while SMS gave 4.1%. This research predicts voice package buyers using predictive analytics to identify customer profiles and significant variables to form appropriate target customer segmentation. Logistic regression was used to predict customers who would buy voice packages using 15 input variables. Next, analytics was done by dividing the data into 70% training data sets and 30% testing data obtained from customer voice package user data. The model accuracy gained 97.2%, and the top seven significant variables were formed. Then five clusters of customer segmentation were formed based on top significant variables using the K-Means clustering technique. Based on the results of the prediction model and clustering, behavioral targeting was conducted to provide targeted gimmick products based on five segmentations formed, and then it was divided into two main target customers by considering the similarity of behaviors based on revenue voice, minutes of voice usage, voice transactions, day of voice usage and data payload, thus it was more targeted.
Journal of Consumer Sciences, Volume 6, pp 77-91; https://doi.org/10.29244/jcs.6.1.77-91
Impulsive buying is an unplanned purchase decision due to stimulation from the shopping environment. This study aims to analyze the consumer characteristics and sales promotion, knowledge, and impulsive buying and the influence of consumer characteristics, sales promotion, and knowledge on impulsive buying. The study used a cross-sectional study design, which was conducted from December 2019 to January 2020. In this study, respondents were 145 Shopee users who made purchases in the last three months selected purposively. Data were collected by filling out an online questionnaire. The results showed that the length of education was related to sales promotion and knowledge, while income and promotion were related to impulsive buying. Meanwhile, a factor that has a positive effect on impulsive buying is sales promotion. Unplanned online purchases are most often made in the middle of the month, and promotions are the most influential in purchasing decisions.
Journal of Consumer Sciences, Volume 6, pp 62-76; https://doi.org/10.29244/jcs.6.1.62-76
This study aims to determine the effect of ethnocentrism, animosity, product country image, and brand image on the willingness to buy Chinese car products. Data were collected from Chinese car users and potential car buyers. The purposive sampling technique was chosen in this study, which resulted in 300 respondents for analysis. Data were analysed using exploratory factor analysis and structural equation modelling. The results showed that ethnocentrism had a significant positive effect on animosity and had a significant negative effect on brand image, animosity had a significant negative effect on willingness to buy, the brand image had a positive and significant effect on willingness to buy, and product country image had a significant positive effect on brand image. Meanwhile, ethnocentrism and product country image do not affect willingness to buy. This study helps to improve our understanding of consumer behaviour regarding the purchase of foreign products.