Journal of Consumer Sciences
EISSN : 24608963
Current Publisher: Institut Pertanian Bogor (10.29244)
Total articles ≅ 39
Latest articles in this journal
Journal of Consumer Sciences, Volume 4, pp 108-118; doi:10.29244/jcs.4.2.108-118
This research is research related to the formation of strategy development in a clinic. The Discussion is aimed at the theme of the clinical business development strategy. In addition, the discussion will use a sustainable business development perspective. Data collected is sourced from experts with different expertise. Assessing experts were asked to provide a questionnaire assessment related to the internal environment and the external environment of the clinic. Financial statements used are from 2015 to 2017. Assessment results from experts are then adjusted to the IE Matrix to obtain the company's strategy formulation. After obtaining the strategy formulation, the best strategy for the clinic was conducted using the QSPM approach. Results of the study show that the position of the clinic-Q Medical & Dental is in quadrant 1 which means the clinic is recommended for development. In addition, based on the assessment of QSPM, it is found that the company can implement product development, integration and market penetration. On the other hand, clinics are also advised to continue to increase their role in protecting the environment.
Journal of Consumer Sciences, Volume 4, pp 61-75; doi:10.29244/jcs.4.2.61-75
Fruit is categorized as perishable product. Fruit trading still coordinated by direct sales, which consumers come over to the location then choose their own preference. Majority consumers prefer to go to the two shopping places for buying fruit products which is major in Indonesia or Bogor, for instance in modern retail or traditional retail. The issue in consumption character shifts caused by the generation alteration in which can influence business activities in the retail industry. At present, the traditional good retailers of modern generation Y is faced with different characteristics from the previous generation. Data was collected using questionnaires given to 150 respondents from the modern retail and 150 respondents traditional retail. The total questionnaires are 300 Generation Y respondents. The data was analyzed by descriptive analysis and Partial Least Square (PLS). The results indicated that the category in the modern retail the influence of the reference group and ethnocentrism had a positive effect and had the greatest influence on Y generation preferences as well as the categories in traditional retail reference groups and ethnocentrism had a positive and significant effect and product quality and prices have a negative effect on Y generation's preference for fruit shopping in modern retail. Meanwhile personal factors and places have a negative effect on Y generation's preference for fruit shopping in traditional retail. From modern and traditional fruit retailing consumer preferences have a positive and very significant effect on fruit purchasing decisions.
Journal of Consumer Sciences, Volume 4, pp 90-107; doi:10.29244/jcs.4.2.90-107
This research study aims to highlights the factors of customer loyalty based on satisfaction, consumer buying behavior at Butik Emas Logam Mulia (BELM) Pulogadung. Using the SERVQUAL services model to analyze quality of services by descriptive statistics method. This study was conducted using 200 respondents selected by purposive. Tangible, empathy, responsiveness, reliability, and assurance (Service Quality Dimensions) were the variables considered for this study. The research found that reliability and responsiveness (not empathy, tangibility, and assurance) impact consumer satisfaction which increases the frequency of purchasing. It explains, a negative relationship between satisfaction and loyalty intensions. Furthermore, both loyalty and satisfaction effects weaken with increased prior consumption experiences, related on organizational issues. Thus, when the customers invest in satisfaction, managers should consider their individual marginal impacts on loyalty and distinguish between consumers with reference to their prior consumption experiences. The managerial implication in marketing strategies to increase customer loyalty, consumer satisfaction is directly related to provide fast, precise, and friendly services in accordance with established service standards. Moreover, the research study concludes that image of a service provider, loyalty of consumers, consumer expectations, perceived value, perceived quality and the way complains are handled are very important factors that determine consumer loyalty levels.
Journal of Consumer Sciences, Volume 4, pp 119-135; doi:10.29244/jcs.4.2.119-135
Companies that conduct IPOs will increase company’s value with an optimal capital structure. Initial return is a profit that investors can obtain from the initial share price is lower than the opening price of the secondary shares on the first day. Underpricing conditions occurs because the initial stock price is lower than the secondary stock price on the first day. This study aimed to analyze factors that impact initial returns on companies that conduct IPOs on the Indonesia Stock Exchange, analyze the effects of financial factors (ROE, DER, and BI Rate) and non-financial factors (professional auditors and underwriters) on initial returns to companies conducting IPOs in IDX, and how the behavior of investors towards those analysis. The linear regression data processing using SPSS 16 produced result that only the BI Rate variable which affected the initial return on the seven days, 30 days, and one year after the IPO observation period. The statistical results show the best r-square value is 17.6 percent, which means that the independent variables can be used to explain the effect to the initial return on 17.6 percent.
Journal of Consumer Sciences, Volume 4, pp 76-89; doi:10.29244/jcs.4.2.76-89
The purpose of the research was to discover how social media influencers influenced the brand image, self-concept and the purchase intention of cosmetic consumers. The social media influencers became the third party which provided information about cosmetic products to the social media audience. Those who had the same self-concept with the influencers often viewed them as role models in consumption. The increase of self-concept and brand image affected a consumer’s purchase intention. The research would implement the cross sectional design, with the data gathered through online questionnaires shared in social media accounts. The samples would be gathered using the convenience sampling technique, with respondents up to 219 people. The research implemented the purchase intention as the endogenous variable and social media influencers as the exogenous variable, as well as brand image and self-concept as the intervening variable. The analysis method that would be implemented was the Structural Equation Modeling (SEM), using the SmartPLS software. The research resulted in the significant negative influence of both social media influencer and self concept towards the purchase intention, in contrast with the brand image which had a significant positive effect.
Journal of Consumer Sciences, Volume 4, pp 48-60; doi:10.29244/jcs.4.1.48-60
Excessive consumption of fast food and soft drink causes various negative impacts on health. This study aims to analyze the knowledge and intention toward fast food and soft drinks consumption on adolescents. The design used in this study was pre-experimental in one of senior high schools in Bogor Regency. Samples of this study 96 students and chosen by convinience. Samples are divided into three groups, which are warning label exposure group, the video exposure group, and the control group. Research results show that warning label and video are able to increase knowledge of fast food and soft drinks. In addition, the exposure of the warning label and video also reduced the intention of the sample in consuming fast food and soft drinks. The results of one way ANOVA test showed that the knowledge and intention of the control group differed significantly with the experimental group both with the exposure of warning labels and video. Further testing results of the Post Hoc Test showed that warning label exposure further enhance knowledge than video exposure and without exposure. Warning labels and video effectively reduce the intention to consume fast food and soft drinks.
Journal of Consumer Sciences, Volume 4, pp 25-36; doi:10.29244/jcs.4.1.25-36
This study aims to analyze the effect of financial management and asset ownership on subjective well-being on entrepreneurial families. This research was conducted on 90 families who had a business in Babakan Village, Dramaga District, Bogor Regency. The sampling method was using the purposive technique. Respondents in this study are husband or wife who owns and manage their business. Data analyzed descriptively and inferential statistics using multiple linear regression test. According to the research, entrepreneurial families have a low financial management index. Most families have assets at least three types. The level of subjective well-being of the entrepreneurial family is classified as moderate. Income and financial management have a significant positive effect on the subjective well-being of families. Asset ownership does not have a significant effect on subjective family well-being.
Journal of Consumer Sciences, Volume 4, pp 13-24; doi:10.29244/jcs.4.1.13-24
The increasing need for health services, peoples who lived in the Pekayon, Bekasi City were given the opportunity to choose the right clinic. Word of mouth is a marketing technique that can be used by clinics. This study aims to analyze the effects of the marketing mix, perceived risk, and satisfaction on word of mouth at XYZ clinic. The research is a descriptive method with a survey using questionnaires and 200 respondents as the sample. Furthermore, the data analysis technique is descriptive with SPSS16.0 software and Structural Equation Model (SEM) with LISREL 8.70. Based on the results, it can be concluded that the marketing mix has a positive effect on perceived risk, marketing mix has a positive effect on satisfaction, perceived risk has a negative effect on satisfaction, marketing mix has a positive effect on word of mouth, perceived risk has a negative effect on word of mouth, and satisfaction has a positive effect on word of mouth. Referring to these conclusions, it can be confirmed that the clinical management of doctor XYZ needs to improve employee services, convenience the patient that this clinic has expert doctors, and utilizing the use of social media as a marketing strategy.
Journal of Consumer Sciences, Volume 4, pp 37-47; doi:10.29244/jcs.4.1.37-47
This study aimed to determine the influence of variables in TPB (attitude toward behavior, perceived behavioral control, subjective norm), religiosity, knowledge, and risk perception to intention purchase of sharia mutual fund. The sample in this study was customer of Bank Sharia XYZ of 164 customers. The analysis applied in this study was Structural Equation Modeling-Partial Least Square. The result of this research showed that the independent variable had positive and significant influence to dependent variables attitude toward behavior and subjective norm. Religiosity and knowledge have no significant influence toward intention to purchase, while perceived behavioral control and risk perception had no significant influence with intention to purchases. The other result showed that religiosity had a positive significant influence to attitude toward behavior. The conclusion of this research shown that religiosity is the factor which influence attitude toward behavior, attitude toward behavior and subjective norm are the factors which influence intention purchase of sharia mutual fund.
Journal of Consumer Sciences, Volume 4, pp 1-12; doi:10.29244/jcs.4.1.1-12
The rapid growth of mortgages affected Bank X to launch product innovation "KPR Xtra Bebas." Realization since the establishment of KPR Xtra Bebas product did not reach the target desired by management. This study aims to analyze factors that influence consumer decision by using KPR Xtra Bebas products in order to do useful and efficient marketing. Sampling procedure used purposive sampling technique as one of the non-probability sampling techniques, namely sampling based on categories that have used the product. Data used are primary data by filling out the questionnaire conducted by the respondents themselves (self-administered survey). This study used the Partial Least Square (PLS) to analyze results from 94 samples. Results of the study identified the variables of price, place, promotion, and the process did not have a significant influence. While product, human resources, and physical evidence have a significant influence. Managerial implications that are generated are for variables that do not have a significant effect evaluation is needed to determine the appropriate strategy. Companies can build customer databases by implementing cross-selling so that promotional variables can function effectively.