Journal of Polymer Science and Engineering
EISSN : 2578-1855
Published by: EnPress Publisher (10.24294)
Total articles ≅ 20
Latest articles in this journal
Journal of Polymer Science and Engineering, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.24294/jpse.v3i1.1134
Using the combination of Flory–Huggins theory of isotropic mixing and Landau theory, we discuss the crystal – rotator-I – rotator-II phase transitions in the binary mixture of alkanes. The influence of concentration on the order parameters and the transition temperatures is discussed. Theoretical results show the first order character of both the rotator-I to crystal and rotator-II to rotator-I phase transitions in the mixture of alkanes. A good agreement between theoretical and experimental results are presented in this paper.
Journal of Polymer Science and Engineering, Volume 3, pp 6-16; https://doi.org/10.24294/jpse.v3i1.1191
This work investigates epoxy composites reinforced by randomly oriented, short glass fibres and silica microparticles. A full-factorial experiment evaluates the effects of glass fibre mass fraction (15 and 20 wt%) and length (5 and 10 mm), and the mass fraction of silica microparticles (5 and 10 wt%) on the apparent density and porosity, as well as the compressive and tensile strength and modulus of the hybrid composites. Hybrid epoxy composites present significantly higher tensile strength (9%) and modulus (57%), as well as compressive strength (up to 15%) relative to pure epoxy.
Journal of Polymer Science and Engineering, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.24294/jpse.v1i3.431
In this study, the influence of sewage sludge ash (SSA) waste particle contents on the mechanical properties and interlaminar fracture toughness for mode I and mode II delamination of S-glass fiber reinforced epoxy composites were investigated. Composite laminate specimens for tensile, flexural double-cantilever beam (DCB) and end-notched flexure (ENF) tests were prepared and tested according to ASTM standards with 5, 10, 15 and 20 wt% SSA filled S-glass/epoxy composites. Properties improvement reasons was explained based on optical and scanning electron microscopy. The highest improvement in tensile and flexural strength was obtained with 10 wt% content of SSA. The highest mode I and mode II interlaminar fracture toughness’s were obtained with 15 wt% content of SSA. The mode I and mode II interlaminar fracture toughness’s improved by 33 and 63.6%, respectively, compared to the composite without SSA.
Journal of Polymer Science and Engineering, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.24294/jpse.v1i2.500
Research of electro-conductive textiles based on conductive polymers like polypyrrole, has increased in the recent years due to their high potential applications in various field. Conductive polymers behave like insulator in their neutral states with typical electrical conductivity in the range 10-10 to 10-25 Scm-1. These neutral polymers can be converted into semi-conductive or conductive states with conductivities range of 1 Scm-1 to 10-4 Scm-1 through chemical or electro-chemical redox reactions. By the applications of these polymers onto a textile surface, we can be able to obtain novel composites which are strong, flexible, light weight and highly electro-conductive. These textile composites are suitable for applications such as heating pads, sensors, corrosion-protecting materials, actuators, electrochromic devices, EMI shielding etc. The methods of applications of conductive polymers onto the textile surface such as in-situ chemical, in-situ electro-chemical, in-situ vapor phase, in-situ polymerization in a supercritical fluid, solution coating process are described here briefly. Merits and demerits of these methods are mentioned here. Reaction mechanisms of chemical and electro-chemical polymerization proposed by the different researcher are described. Different factors affecting the kinetics of chemical and electro-chemical polymerization are accounted. Influence of textile materials on the kinetics of chemical polymerization is reviewed and reported.
Journal of Polymer Science and Engineering, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.24294/jpse.v1i3.866
The effect of viscose blend in pile yarn, pile height and pile density on abrasion resistance of hand tufted carpets has been studied. The interaction between the process variables has been analyzed by using response surface methodology based on the Box-Behnken design of experiment. Overall, higher percentage (%) of viscose in the blend, lower pile height and lower pile density yield the minimum abrasion loss for the hand tufted carpets.
Journal of Polymer Science and Engineering, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.24294/jpse.v1i3.648
The development of polyurethane foams’ market, as well as ongoing trends associated with sustainable development cause increasingly growing interest in the utilization of materials from renewable resources. Great example of such phenomenon is the use of vegetable oils in manufacturing of foamed polyurethanes. These materials can be applied directly or after previous modifications in production of biopolyols, main constituents of polyurethanes. In this paper, analysis of polyurethane foams’ market was presented and forecasts pointing to the potentially increasing position of so-called bio-polyurethanes in the future. Moreover, this paper summarizes previously published reports related to the manufacturing of vegetable oil-based biopolyols and their further incorporation into formulations of rigid polyurethane foams.
Journal of Polymer Science and Engineering, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.24294/jpse.v1i4.413
In this study, robust and defect-free thin film composite (TFC) forward osmosis (FO) membranes have been successfully fabricated using ceramic hollow fibers as the substrate. Polydopamine (PDA) coating under controlled conditions is effective to reduce the surface pores of the substrate and make the substrate smooth enough for the interfacial polymerization. The pure water permeability (A), solute permeability (B) and structural parameter (S) of the resultant FO membrane are 0.854 L·m-2h-1bar-1 (LMH/Bar) 0.186 L·m-2h-1 (LMH) and 1720 µm, respectively. The water flux and reverse draw solute flux are measured using NaCl and proprietary ferric sodium citrate (FeNaCA) draw solutions at low and high osmotic pressure ranges. With increasing the osmotic pressure, higher water flux is obtained but its increase is not directly proportional to the increase in the osmotic pressure. At the membrane surface, the effect of dilutive concentration polarization is much less serious for FeNaCA draw solutions. At an osmotic pressure of 89.6 bar, the developed TFC membrane generates water fluxes of 11.5 and 30.0 LMH using NaCl and synthesized FeNaCA draw solutions. The corresponding reverse draw solute flux is 7.0 g·m-2h-1 (gMH) for NaCl draw solution but it is not detectable for FeNaCA draw solution. This means that the developed TFC FO membranes are defect free and their surface pores are at molecular level. The performance of the developed TFC FO membranes are also demonstrated for the enrichment of BSA protein.
Journal of Polymer Science and Engineering, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.24294/jpse.v1i2.599
The present article reports the applications of Caputo-Fabrizio time-fractional derivatives. This article generalizes the idea of unsteady MHD free convective flow in a Walters.-B fluid with heat and mass transfer study over an exponential isothermal vertical plate embedded in a porous medium. The governing equations are converted into dimensionless form and extended to fractional model. The generalized Walters-B fluid model has been solved analytically using the Laplace transform technique. From the general solutions we reduce limiting solutions when to the similar motion for Newtonian fluid. The corresponding expressions for and Nusselt and Sherwood numbers are also assessed. Numerical results for velocity, temperature and concentration are demonstrated graphically for various factors of interest and discussed. As a result, we have plotted the influence of fractional parameter on fluid flow and drawn comparison between fractional Walters’-B and fractional Newtonian fluid and found that fractional Newtonian fluid is faster than fractional Walters’-B fluids.
Journal of Polymer Science and Engineering, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.24294/jpse.v1i2.558
In the present theoretical work, it is assumed that a piezoelectric nanoplate is connected to the voltage meter which voltages have resulted from deformation of the plate due to in-plane compressive forces whether they are critical buckling loads or arbitrary forces. In order to derive governing equations, a simplified four-variable shear deformation plate theory has been employed using Hamilton’s principle and Von-Kármán assumptions. Modified couple stress theory has been applied to considering size-dependent effects in nano size. In order to compare the results, a validation has been done with the results of macroscopic. Results have been presented by changing some parameters, such as aspect ratio, various boundary conditions and length scale parameter influence on the produced voltage by the piezoelectric nanoplate. The most important outcomes show that an increase in length scale parameter leads to decreasing the produced voltage at constant in-plane arbitrary forces.
Journal of Polymer Science and Engineering, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.24294/jpse.v1i2.863
This paper presents the state of displacement of a multilayered composite laminate subjected to transverse static load with varying balance, symmetric and anti-symmetric angle-ply and cross-ply staking sequences. Higher-order shear deformation theory (HSDT) is considered in the finite element formulation of nine-noded isoparametric element with seven degrees of freedom at each node. The finite element formulation is transformed into computer codes. A convergence study is carried out first to obtain the optimal mesh size for minimizing the computational time. The maximum deflection at the center of plate for both fixed and simply supported edges is verified with reported literature and a good conformity is found. An attempt has been made to observe the minimum value of maximum deflection in the laminate for attaining the maximum strength of laminate with a suitable combination of stacking sequences with a constant volume of material.