INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF URBAN AND ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2579-9150 / 2579-9207
Published by: Universitas Trisakti (10.25105)
Total articles ≅ 158
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I. G. Oka Sindhu Pribadi, Meyriana Kesuma, Miya Irawati
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF URBAN AND ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY pp 160-180; https://doi.org/10.25105/urbanenvirotech.v5i2.13537

Abstract:
Part of Surabaya Industrial Estate Rungkut (SIER) Area is planned to become Central Business District (CBD) in accordance with the direction of the Surabaya City Government. The land use is changed due to the decrease of carrying capacity of the infrastructure in the environment around SIER, caused by density increase since Middle East Ring Road (MERR) was opened in 2012. In addition, some of the areas that became CBD areas are part of the PT SIER area (97.4 Ha). Aim: This study was aimed to determine alternative land functions. Methodology and results: Since CBD is generally dominated by commercial properties, this research focuses on commercial property development programs carried out within the scope of the Highest and Best Use (HBU) Study. This research was conducted through location, site, and market analysis, completed with recommendation for property type in SIER location. Conclusion, significance and impact study: Based on macro market analysis, supply of retail, hotel and apartment property is increasing, while supply of office is decreasing. The results of this study are the best and highest value proposals for the development of commercial property functions (apartments, offices, shopping areas, and hotels), so that the investment is not high risk. In addition, the result can be used as a policy orientation for all interested parties, especially PT SIER in the development of CBD in its area, related to the development stage that is adjusted to the interests and market conditions.
I Made Wahyu Widyarsana, Made Ayu Priyanka, Lahur Akbar Devianto
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF URBAN AND ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY pp 181-192; https://doi.org/10.25105/urbanenvirotech.v5i2.13538

Abstract:
Aims: The study of waste generation and composition in 6 types of tourism facility in Nusa Dua is carried out to analyze the waste processing potential and determine a proper waste management needed for tourism areas. Methodology and results: The primary data collection methods including field observations for existing waste separation, sampling of waste generation and composition at source, interviews with the facility’s management and characteristics of certain types of waste. Meanwhile, secondary data of waste generation and composition for hotels and the mall is acquired from waste collection services in Nusa Dua and previous studies for typical facilities. Nusa Dua produces around 11 tons of waste per day with hotels being the highest contributor of waste compared to other tourism facilities. The waste produced in Nusa Dua comprises around 70% of organic waste including food and yard waste and the remaining 30% includes paper, plastic, glass, metal, and other waste. Conclusion, significance and impact study: Aside from maximizing waste processing, Nusa Dua should execute campaigns to support the government’s regulation regarding the ban on styrofoam products, plastic bags, and plastic straws which gradually will reduce the amount of non-recyclable waste produced by the area.
Rini Setiati, Paulus Suryono Adisoemarta, Muhammad Taufiq Fathaddin, Tarida Surya Marpaung, Astri Rinanti, Jachanan Satriabudi
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF URBAN AND ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY pp 104-114; https://doi.org/10.25105/urbanenvirotech.v5i2.13534

Abstract:
Aims: The aim of this research study is to show that the use of synthetic surfactant from bagasse is Environmentally Friendly Policies. Environmental management is an important step that needs to be taken on this immediate moment. Various human and industrial activities surely have affected the environment. Environmental management should include a number of groups from different varieties such as academics, policy makers, non-governmental organizations, corporations’ employees, government’s employees and related multidisciplinary groups. Methodology and Results: Environmental management will produce an ecological process and shapes industrial ecology which consists of four components namely; production, consumption, waste/by-products and raw materials. Bagasse as one of industrial solid wastes involved in environmental management will also produce ecological process. Bagasse which is produced from sugarcane processing can be further reprocessed into SLS surfactant that is useful for oil companies as injection fluid on reservoirs to improve oil recovery level. Conclusion, significance and impact of study: Environmental management can be applied between two industries that have mutualism symbiosis relationship through secondary production. Waste minimization can be achieved through bagasse processing. Sugarcane bagasse reprocessing into SLS surfactant is a sustainable program that supports sustainable material management effort. The action to reprocess natural waste into a valuable economical material can also alter human behavior into a more environmental friendly type of behavior.
Ira Mulyawati, Indah Rachmatiah Siti Salami, Arwin Sabar, Mariana Marselina, Hernita Nasir
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF URBAN AND ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY pp 134-147; https://doi.org/10.25105/urbanenvirotech.v5i2.12589

Abstract:
Aim: This study was aimed to analyze the potential of water sources in the Ciberang River to support drinking water supply system of Banten Province. Methodology and results: The method use to analyze the potential of Ciberang river is a hydrological statistical analysis. The results of the hydrological statistical analysis show that the water resources of the Ciberang River are not sufficient to meet domestic and industrial water needs in Banten Province. Domestic and industrial water demand in Banten Province in 2025 is estimated at 14.64 m3/s and 10.46 m3/s, respectively, while the mainstay discharge with the return period of 10 and 20 year for all durations does not meet these water needs. The mainstay discharge of the Ciberang River with a 10-year return period of 1, 2, 7, 15 and 30 day respectively was 0.08 m3/s, 0.1 m3/s, 0.19 m3/s, 0.36 m3/s, and 0.87 m3/s. The mainstays of the 20-year return period of 1,2,7,15 and 30 day respectively are 0.04 m3/s, 0.06 m3/s, 0.11 m3/s, 0.23 m3/s and 0.59 m3/s. Conclusion, significance, and impact study: Based on this, it is necessary to conserve water resources to increase the main flow of the Ciberang River. One of the strategic policies to increase the river's mainstay discharge is constructing the reservoir.
Temmy Wikaningrum, Rijal Hakiki, Maryani Paramita Astuti, Yunita Ismail, Filson Maratur Sidjabat
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF URBAN AND ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY pp 115-133; https://doi.org/10.25105/urbanenvirotech.v5i2.13535

Abstract:
Aim: This study aims to determine whether the application of eco enzyme affects the industrial waste activated sludge degradation and to compare the effects of eco enzyme made from oranges and tomatoes. Methodology and results: The experiments were done on the laboratory scale for 12 days by applying 10% of eco enzyme in the sludge samples. It showed both tomatoes and oranges eco enzymes can decrease the pH from 6.9 to 4.7 compared to control which was stable at 6.9. The reduction of COD, TSS, and VSS by tomato eco enzyme applications were 61%, 39% 41% respectively compared to by orange eco enzyme application that showed a higher reduction of 78%, 45%, 46% respectively. The control samples also show the reduction of COD, TSS, and VSS by 21%, 23%, 30% respectively. The reduction of organic content in the control samples of sludge (8.9%) was higher than the samples with eco enzyme (3.5%). Conclusion, significance, and impact study: The results showed that eco enzyme application significant statistically affected reduction of pH, COD, organic content, but not significant statistically on TSS and VSS reductions. Comparing the application of orange and tomatoes eco enzyme did not show the significant different treatment.
Oki Setyandito, Novandy Novandy, Nizam Nizam, Martin Anda, Riana Ayu Kusumadewi, Yareana Wijayanti
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF URBAN AND ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY pp 148-159; https://doi.org/10.25105/urbanenvirotech.v5i2.13536

Abstract:
Aim: This study investigates to determine the influence of wave steepness, relative freeboard, and breaker parameters on overtopping discharge at a perforated breakwater. Methodology and results: The research method used was using both a numerical model simulations on three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modelling software namely FLOW-3D; and empirical equation computation. The evaluation of both approaches were performed for understanding the characteristics of wave discharge that overtopping the perforated breakwater. The experimental results of modified perforated breakwater revealed that the lowest slope possible with the highest porosity possible can generate the highest value of dimensionless overtopping discharge for wave energy harvesting. Conclusion, significance and impact study: The findings of this study formulated the optimum slope and porosity to the highest wave energy harvested. Further studies recommend that data collection from onsite trials of modified perforated breakwater are performed.
Dianindita Rizki Maharani, Ratnaningsih Ruhiyat, Bambang Iswanto, Any Juliani
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF URBAN AND ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY pp 193-208; https://doi.org/10.25105/urbanenvirotech.v5i2.13539

Abstract:
High free fatty acids in waste cooking oil can interfere with the re-use of the cooking oil. Therefore, the absorption technique is one way that can reduce the free fatty acids contained in waste cooking oil. Aim: The purpose of this study is to find out the ability of Reactivated Spent Bleaching Earth (RSBE) to adsorb free fatty acids contained in waste cooking oil to be biodiesel products. In this study, waste cooking oil was collected from fried food sellers in Bekasi, while spent bleaching earth (SBE)-one of the solid wastes produced by refinery oil palm industry as an adsorbent-was from the palm oil industry PT X. For Reactivated Spent Bleaching Earth (RSBE), the redundant used 0.7 M HNO3. To obtain the optimum products, The redundant applied the variation of time (i.e., 30, 45, 60, 75, and 90 minutes) and concentration (6%, 9%, 12%, 15%, and 18%). Methodology and results: Results indicated that the time variation of temperature 90 minutes were the maximum and the concentration of 15% were the optimal combination to reduce free fatty acids 0.65%. Conclusion, significance, and impact of study: The values of water and ash contents of RSBE also meet the quality standard as activated carbon and can be used as an adsorbent for the purification of waste cooking oil. The oil content in SBE is less than 3% and is considered not to be a toxic hazardous waste. Therefore, it can be reused without pre-treatment. In addition, the redundant found that there were changes pore on the surface of the SBE, both activated and not activated. To conclude, SBE can be used as an absorbent to absorb the fatty acids in waste cooking oil.
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