The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 20879733 / 2442983X
Current Publisher: Diponegoro University (10.14710)
Total articles ≅ 34
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Dwi Nila Andriani, Ramadhan Prasetya Wibawa, Liana Vivin Wihartanti
The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development, Volume 4, pp 7-13; doi:10.14710/ijpd.4.1.7-13

Abstract:
Madiun City is one of the cities in East Java Province and is known as a city of trade and industry, Madiun community, in general, is a picture of modern society even though it is far from economic development in the capital city. Madiun is a city that has the potential to become an advanced economic center in the city of Madiun. Current conditions indicate that the unemployment rate and the quality of human resources in the city of Madiun are still low. Data from the Manpower Office of the city of Madiun noted that the number of unemployed people in the local area reached 5,700. Besides, people's economic strength has not developed optimally, and the index of public purchasing power is still low. In 2018 data from the Central Bureau of Statistics illustrates that poverty in Madiun City reached 4.49% or as many as 7.92 thousand people. One way to alleviate poverty in the city of Madiun is through community-based economic empowerment. This study aims to formulate a strategy to alleviate poverty through community-based economic empowerment and to improve the living standards of people in the city of Madiun. The method used in this study is qualitative by using primary and secondary data. Data collection is done by interviews, documentation, and field observations. The findings of the study are that the existence of community-based economic empowerment in Madiun city can increase economic income and increase the community's insight into becoming more open to the economy of the community, as well as the newly formed community. The efforts of fostering and empowering have been carried out by the government and the local community through business dissemination, small and medium industry counseling, strengthening community participation in training, and providing community training, namely how to build a robust community, management training, and marketing system training.
Hasti Widyasamratri, Mila Karmilah
The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development, Volume 4, pp 14-18; doi:10.14710/ijpd.4.1.14-18

Abstract:
Coastal is the most vulnerable area in climate change, with no exception in Coastal Java island. Reveal, 65% of the Java island population is to be vulnerable to coastal hazards such as tidal flood. The northern Java coastal area has a significant position in logistic connectivity throughout areas in the entire Java island. Abrasion and sedimentation are the most frequent effect were impacted to the coastal land cover (i.e. ponds, mangrove forest, and settlement). However, there is a lack of awareness among local communities, although they directly impact of those hazards. This study aims to identify local community knowledge of coastal disaster mitigation in Mangunharjo, Tugu sub-district Semarang, by using quantitative methods. Field observation and a simple descriptive statistic were used to analyze. The result showed that the majority of the respondents has high vulnerability on coastal hazard and disaster since they are living very close to the coastal water body.
Ibtidah Triyani, Khalid Adam, Diana Kristina
The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development, Volume 4, pp 19-28; doi:10.14710/ijpd.4.1.19-28

Abstract:
The railway transport node in Kutoarjo, serving the southern route of Java, is an excellent opportunity for Kutoarjo's economic growth. Kutoarjo, located in the administrative area of Purworejo Regency in RTRW of Central Java Province belongs to Purwomanggung regional system covering Purworejo Regency, Wonosobo Regency, Magelang Regency, Magelang City, and Temanggung Regency. An international airport is also being built in Kulonprogo Regency, Special Region of Jogjakarta Province, which will be integrated with the existing stations in Purworejo Regency, explicitly located in Kutoarjo sub-district, Kutoarjo Station. The construction of NYIA (New Yogyakarta International Airport) in Kulon Progo is an excellent opportunity for the rise and trigger for Kutoarjo. However, the current condition of the existing Kutoharjo station is not optimal and does not significantly give added value to the economy either in Kutoarjo or Purworejo. Kutoharjo Station is only a temporary transit point, and there is no other object which can make visitors want to stop longer in Kutoharjo. This study aims to formulate a management development of Kutoarjo as a transit city that can contribute to mobilizing the economy in Purworejo Regency and its surrounding areas. The analysis is conducted by considering movement patterns, development of transit areas, supporting sectors and policies. Based on the analysis results, it can be seen that the development of transit area using seamless tourism concept requires ± 1.4 ha of land around Kutoarjo station, which is still included in 200 meters (walkable) radius. Result of study reveals that the development of node transit is supported by a potential tourism sector. The implication of this transit area development is the absorption of labor force in 2038 as many as 12,213 people. Besides, there is an economic increase of PAD (LGR) of 55.7% which eventually leads the LGR (PAD) reach IDR. 2.328.129.852.138 in 2039.
Kushandajani Kushandajani
The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development, Volume 4, pp 1-6; doi:10.14710/ijpd.4.1.1-6

Abstract:
The issuance of Law No. 6/2014 that is followed with the distribution of village fund has led the rise of program initiatives from village people. One of the crucial elements of development that needs for attention is social and economic development for women. Women's roles in these two areas are significant as compared to the other sectors like politics. Developing women in these two sectors is expected to encourage further development in the village. The research aims to identify the involvement of women in village development, in one village in Central Java, Lerep Village, Ungaran Barat District, Semarang Regency, through two domains: social and economic in 2017. This research is based on qualitative research using first-hand data collected from interviews with selected informants. This research used a case study as an approach and was focused on one village, namely Lerep, Semarang District, Central Java. In Lerep, we can see that the government have strived to a prioritized woman in their empowerment programs. The areas of development include health, education, domestic violence minimization, agriculture, entrepreneurship, and poverty reduction. As a result, women in Lerep could gain more income and enjoy some public facilities provided by the village government, which contribute to the improvement of woman health. In the future, there is a need to encourage woman empowerment as a framework for village development. Therefore, the advantage of the village fund will bring further impacts on society as a whole.
Asnelly Ridha Daulay, Rialdi Syaputra
The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development, Volume 4, pp 29-37; doi:10.14710/ijpd.4.1.29-37

Abstract:
The number of village enterprises in Jambi Province until 2017 was only 320 of 1,551 villages. Need more village enterprises to be established in order to increase the economic independence of rural areas and their community. However, that is not easy since many existing village enterprises currently experience some difficulties. This study aims to analyze problems faced by village enterprises and programs prioritized to overcome the problems. The research conducted in three different locations that represent western part of Jambi, middle and eastern part of Jambi. Each of them had different core businesses, namely Dusun Dalam of Kerinci Regency (core business in processing of agricultural products), Lubuk Beringin of Bungo Regency (core business is tourism village), and Dataran Kempas of Tanjung Jabung Barat Regency (core business is the production of compost). Data collected by doing observation and focus group discussion and then analyzed by using Interpretative Structural Model (ISM). This study reveals that the main problems concerned with human resources even though they are expressed by stakeholders in each village enterprise with different narratives. Issues concerning capital also arise, but they are not in the top position of all problems faced. The programs they put in priorities are some training in area of leadership, accountancy, marketing, entrepreneurship and others that related to the development of human resources.
Enggar Dwi Novianto, Wiwandari Handayani
The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development, Volume 3, pp 95-103; doi:10.14710/ijpd.3.2.95-103

Abstract:
Some evidences have emerged indicating that there are regional disparities in East Java Province and industrialization seems to give its contribution in creating regional disparities. In 2014, Manufacturing industry dominated the contribution to the GDP which was 29%, on the other hand mostly the people who worked in the agricultural sector, and so the land which mostly agricultural. This study aims to identify factors influencing the disparities in East Java Province. This statement is also strengthened by the Williamson index which showed that the regional disparities were quite high, with two districts indicated to contributing the most, Kediri and Surabaya City. By using factor analysis, this research will try to answer what factors influencing the disparities statistically, and cluster analysis is trying to figure out the disparities spatially. Then it is going to be proven that some districts agglomerated in a certain area and can implicate the disparities in East Java.
Sujarwanto Dwiatmoko, Sri Suwitri, Hardi Warsono, Ida Hayu Dwimawanti, Alfina Handayani
The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development, Volume 3, pp 67-75; doi:10.14710/ijpd.3.2.67-75

Abstract:
Compared with other Industrial parks in Jababeka, West and East Java, industrial parks progress in Central Java are less developed. This condition is mainly due to the lack of optimal management. Only limited studies comprehensively discuss the differences among in industrial parks in Central Java in particularly in management aspect. The research aims to comparatively analyze the differences and similarities of three industrial parks in term of their administration (location selection and preparation), infrastructure provision and management. This research adopts a descriptive-qualitative research method to discuss a particular research problem. The previous survey of this study was conducted in eight industrial parks management in Central Java. Three industrial parks (KIW, Terboyo, and BSB) representing industrial park s as a core business, an industrial plot provider and a residential area supporter were profoundly explored in dept. The data were collected through observation, focus group discussion (FGD), in-depth interviews and documentation. The key informants are the industrial park manager s and their team. The result s show that jurisdictional prerequisites are an important factor in the development of industrial estates, affecting construction costs and future management. The provision of infrastructure is fairly adequate. The quality of industrial park management does not depend on the status of ownership but the professionalism of the manager and tenant satisfaction. Both KIW and BSB have proved to offer better service performance than Terboyo. As own state regulation, however, KIW, there are many strict regulations and supervision, especially in land acquisition. Hence, the concept of land banking and supportive regulation are needed. Finally, the manager's commitment is pivotal to carry out the business and master plans.
Nurlisa Ginting, N. Vinky Rahman, Subhilhar Subhilhar, Julaihi Wahid
The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development, Volume 3, pp 56-66; doi:10.14710/ijpd.3.2.56-66

Abstract:
Spatial planning can improve one’s quality of life by enhancing the environmental quality and its potential. Thus, the application of the concept of identity into the planning process is essential in emphasizing the significance of a place, especially in heritage tourism area, where tourist satisfaction is obtained from the tourism objects peculiarities that become the place identity. However, similar studies are still limited so that this study will contribute to filling the gaps. This study is conducted in Maimoon Palace District, a historic area in Medan. This study aims to examine the application of the concept of spatial planning based on the area identity. A qualitative method is used to collect the data about spatial planning elements in the area. The findings indicate that the existing spatial planning has already contained the place identity. However, many problems in spatial planning elements still cause a chaotic view of the area. Therefore, the government should improve the area not only by improving the physical quality but also increasing tourist satisfaction to enhance tourism attractiveness.
Marthin Oktovianus Nggili, Sugiono Soetomo
The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development, Volume 3, pp 84-94; doi:10.14710/ijpd.3.2.84-94

Abstract:
Mejobo Village was located in the Southern part of Kudus Regency, is a strategic area for the development of industrial activities. The growth of small and household, industrial activities in agricultural areas in Mejobo Village has led to the formation of the rural-urban areas (rurban). This study aims to describe the dynamics of sustainable development in rurban areas in Mejobo Village alongside the development of the industrial sector in agricultural areas. The research method being used in this study is quantitative, where data are collected through questioner, conducted observation, semi-structured interview, and obtained documents that are relevant to the investigation. The research shows that in Mejobo Village proves of sustainable development can be found within the economic activities; productivity of industrial activities; community activities and the availability of environmental facilities and infrastructure. Through this study, it can be concluded that the change from rural to rural-urban areas due to the development of small industries and households’ industries in Mejobo Village has been sustainable, with the need for continuous attention towards the productivity of the agricultural areas, so that it remains as the basis of local economic development.
Muhammad Indra Hadi, Iwan Rudiarto
The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development, Volume 3, pp 76-83; doi:10.14710/ijpd.3.2.76-83

Abstract:
Social entrepreneurship (SE) could be implemented to reveal the contribution of potential business opportunity and added value creation for its surrounding community. In the context of SME and cluster development, the SE implementation is more likely to be found in the kampong area, which has a high level of kinship system. This condition makes the application of local entrepreneurship in some cases potentially forms the characteristic of kampong through the diffusion of business innovation. This research depicts how the role of social entrepreneurs is capable of creating the characteristics of creative kampong by taking the study area in Semarang City. Through the cluster business approach, the result of this research shows the entrepreneurship transformation in becoming social entrepreneurship, in line with the development of kampong to become creative kampong by the role of social entrepreneurship. This entrepreneurship transformation occurs because of the stimulation of absorbed innovation transfer massively by the community. The implementation of local entrepreneurship has indeed influenced the characteristics of kampong and in some extents, can create the identity of creative kampong in Semarang City.
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