The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2087-9733 / 2442-983X
Published by: Diponegoro University (10.14710)
Total articles ≅ 49
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Fitria Nucifera, Widiyana Riasasi, , EmilyA Nurjani
The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development, Volume 5, pp 66-77; https://doi.org/10.14710/ijpd.5.2.66-77

Abstract:
Climate change has become a global issue over last decades. Its impact affects to various aspects of human life. Uncertainty of dry and wet seasons present a consequence to and create losses on agriculture sector. Therefore, resilience to climate change is necessary for farmers. This research aims to identify exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity within the framework of community resilience to climate change in agricultural sector. Parameters used in this research include rainfall variability representing system exposure, landuse and topography representing sensitivity, and farmer’s knowledge and behavior representing adaptive capacity. Secondary data used in this research are daily rainfall data, land use and topographic maps, while primary data obtained by interview using purposive sampling method to measure adaptive capacity of farmers community. We employ trend, spatial, and descriptive analysis. The results show that Sentolo Subdistrict has a relatively high exposure to extreme events both in wet and dry seasons that occurred 5 times in 12 years. However, this high exposure did not affect agriculture sector on Sentolo significantly, both in terms of damages and losses to farmers. It indicates that the sensitivity to climate change in this area is low, while farmers’ community in Sentolo has a high level of adaptive capacity. They have sufficient level of knowledge to climate change, better adjustment to technology and well-managed assets. This interplay shows that the agricultural community in the study area has a relatively high resilience to climate change.
Daniel Nosakhare Onaiwu
The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development, Volume 5, pp 78-86; https://doi.org/10.14710/ijpd.5.2.78-86

Abstract:
The spatial structure of modern settlements is organized based on development control. The compliance of urban residents with development control regulations makes it possible for cities to be well structured for physical, aesthetic, and economic developments. The study aims to assess public compliance with development control in Auchi. A sample of 378 residents of Auchi was used in the study. The study area was divided into six strata, and samples were selected from the strata based on their population sizes. The instrument was a 5-point Likert-type option, which was administered to the respondents. The findings revealed that there was low compliance with development control standards in Auchi. There was awareness of developers on compliance but did not translate into compliance. The building coverage specified by development control regulations was grossly violated. There was a medium correlation (0.55) between education and level of non-compliance; the variability of development control non-compliance in the six quarters of Auchi was statistically significant, and the eta squared effect was also large. It was recommended that the town planning regulations be reassessed for a better practical effect; monitoring of developments to encourage compliance should be strengthened; and town planning manuals should be used to monitor and control developments.
Bintang Septiarani, Reny Yesiana
The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development, Volume 5, pp 87-94; https://doi.org/10.14710/ijpd.5.2.87-94

Abstract:
Climate change is no longer seen as a natural process when it has been correlated with human behavior, especially from increasingly rapid development activities. In Semarang, climate change has been affecting people's activity, especially in the coastal area. Coastal communities that depend on coastal resources feel the effects of climate change. Fishers, mangrove farmers, and fishpond farmers are vulnerable groups to the impacts of climate change because the coastal resources in quality and quantity decrease and affect their lives. Stakeholders make efforts through mangroves rehabilitation programs all over the coastal line, including the community approach to increase the mangrove growth rate. However, mangrove seeds planted in Semarang coastal area have different levels of life and growth rate in each planting location. Based on Environmental Agency of Central Java Province data in 2013, 8,594.89 ha of 11,732 ha mangrove vegetation in the North Coast of Central Java Province are in damaged condition. Hence, this paper aims to elaborate on the key factors of community-based mangrove replantation affecting the mangrove growth in the Semarang coastal area. Five mangroves rehabilitation areas in Semarang namely in Kelurahan Mangkang Kulon, Mangkang Wetan, Mangunharjo, Tugurejo and Kelurahan Trimulyo are observed throughout 2015-2016. The results show that suitability between mangrove species and the location is very influential on mangrove growth rates in Semarang Coastal. The community effort in each location also becomes the external factor affecting the growth of mangroves in Semarang Coastal Area. By understanding the factors of mangrove growth rate on the community-based mangrove replantation, better results of mangrove replantation programs can be acquired in the future.
Tresnasari Ratnaningtias,
The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development, Volume 5, pp 45-57; https://doi.org/10.14710/ijpd.5.2.45-57

Abstract:
Resilience assessment has been conducted in Semarang City by two different organizations using two different methods, i.e., City Resilience Index (CRI) and Urban Community Resilience Assessment (UCRA) in 2017 and 2018. Based on the result of those resilience assessments, it reveals that some of the resilience indicators are not suitable for local conditions in Semarang City regarding development planning policies. City strategic planning is a mid-term development planning policy with a combination of sectoral planning and comprehensive planning to budgeting process of the local government programs. It also includes local government performance indicators that reflect the level of good governance and lead to enhance city resilience. Hence, indicators in city strategic planning also can be considered as resilience indicators. All of this implies that city strategic planning describes the local government already uses resilience thinking in its strategies, policies, and programs. However, city resilience encompasses many aspects and more complex. This study aims to identify between CRI and UCRA, which method having resilience indicators that are compatible, applicable, and suitable for Semarang’s city strategic planning. CRI and UCRA use different methods and aim at different scopes when assessing resilience in the city. The results of the content analysis on the document of development planning policies, such as the 2016-2021 Semarang’s city strategic planning and Revision of the 2016-2021 Semarang’s city strategic planning, highlight the similarities and differences between CRI and UCRA. It reveals that CRI’s resilience indicators are more compatible, applicable, and suitable for Semarang’s city strategic planning rather than UCRA’s resilience indicators.
Muhammad Suhaili, Ani Widayati, Abdul Fatah
The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development, Volume 5, pp 58-65; https://doi.org/10.14710/ijpd.5.2.58-65

Abstract:
An indicator is considered more representative to be used as a benchmark for development, namely the Human Development Index (HDI). The Human Development Index is another alternative to the definition of development that it is not only economic resources as a means to achieve development goals. The government has made various efforts to improve the quality of education to develop quality human resources. One of the components in the education budget is the education budget through transfers to the regions and village funds. Transfers to regions and village funds consist of general allocation funds and special allocation funds. This study aims to examine the effect of the government’s investment in the education sector through the education budget, particularly Special Allocation Funds-Physical (SAF Physical) and Special Allocation Funds-Non-Physical (SAF Non-Physical) on the Human Development Index (HDI). The study consists of two independent variables, i.e., Special Allocation Funds-Physical (SAF Physical) and Special Allocation Funds-NonPhysical (SAF Non-Physical), and one dependent variable: Human Development Index (HDI). The method used is a quantitative method with multiple regression analysis-ordinary least square (OLS). The data used is secondary data from the Central Bureau of Statistics/Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS) in 2010-2018. The results showed that Special Allocation Funds-Physical (SAF Physical) and Special Allocation Funds-Non-Physical (SAF Non-Physical) significantly influence the Human Development Index (HDI). The Special Allocation Funds-Physical (SAF Physical) has a negative and insignificant effect. In contrast, the Special Allocation Funds-Non-Physical (SAF Non-Physical) has a positive and significant effect on the Human Development Index. Therefore, the government is expected to increase educational investment by allocating more budgets on both physical and non-physical investment to improve the quality of Human Resources.
Adewale O Yoade, Sesan A Adeyemi
The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development, Volume 5, pp 11-20; https://doi.org/10.14710/ijpd.5.1.11-20

Abstract:
Environmental decay in a city is essentially caused by rapid urbanization and the mismatch in the provision and maintenance of housing and infrastructure. This study examined challenges of slum upgrading in Port Harcourt, Nigeria. The study aims to examine slum areas and their living conditions, and finding out the most critical and problematic zone of the slums Two sources (primary and secondary) of data were utilized in the study: The study population for this study was the residents of Diobu and Waterside in Port Harcourt, River State. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse the data appropriately. Findings established that 11.3% acquired primary education, 29.0% have secondary education, and 14.0% had NCE, 21.0% had both HND and degree and 3.8% had no formal education. Findings showed that 31.7% of the residents were owners of the building while 68.2% were living in rented apartments. Findings revealed that 40.9% of the respondents have bad drainage system which would lead to dirty environment and 6.5% having very good drainage system. The study concluded that majority of building structures in the study area are old that existed for decades without maintenance and the surrounding environment very poor due to neglect.
Mohamad Heri Hidayattuloh, Azis Nur Bambang, Amirudin Amirudin
The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development, Volume 5, pp 30-37; https://doi.org/10.14710/ijpd.5.1.30-37

Abstract:
Green economy is an economic concept that aims to improve human welfare, reduce inequality, and preserve the environment and carry out development that is in line with the carrying capacity of the environment. Tegal Regency has a complete tourist attraction consisting of natural attractions and special interest attractions. One of the special interest attractions being developed is Cempaka Tourism Village, Bumijawa District. This Cempaka Tourism Village relies on the concept of populist economy based on local wisdom and the beauty of the natural environment. The purpose of this study is to inventory the potential and attractiveness of Cempaka Tourism Village and to prioritize the most suitable tourism potential in the development of Cempaka Tourism Village as a means of improving the community's economy based on the concept of a green economy. This paper employs both the qualitative and quantitative methods. The analytical tool used is the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) method with the help of the Expert Choice application. Based on the results, it can be seen that Cempaka Tourism Village has the potential and attractiveness to be developed into a tourist village with the concept of a green economy. The best priority in the development of Cempaka Tourism Village is to utilize the Slumpring Market as an alternative to improve the environment-based community economy.
Clarrio Dimassetya Jaya
The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development, Volume 5, pp 38-44; https://doi.org/10.14710/ijpd.5.1.38-44

Abstract:
Tourism escalates the economics in many undeveloped regions. It is more effective than others because the industry creates substantial multiplier effects and stimulates the growth of the local economy. Tourism provides many potential livelihoods to build up the local community's incomes. Global trends influence the growth of tourism. Nowadays, the worlds prefer to experience high-value production of unique commodities than massive tourism product. In Panggang Lake Area, swamp buffalo personify the locality phenomenon. The buffalos successfully adapt to live in a wet swamp, and even they are a good swimmer. Since Banjar Sultanate civilization, the community farms swamp buffalos in Panggang Lake Area. The unique ability of swamp buffalo builds a potency of tourism attraction. For those reasons, The North Upstream Regency plans Panggang Lake Area to be a tourist destination. However, as the germ-plasma sources, the tourism development in Panggang Lake Area should cooperate on some local wisdom. The local community works as a buffalo farmer so that the tourism development would make several changes in the daily life structures. This study aims to find out the most fitted concept of infrastructure development towards agritourism. The importance of socio-economic and environmental factors analyzed study participants' preferences for evaluating the appropriateness of tourism development in Panggang Lake Area. The study concludes the concept of watching tourism to be the more appropriate concept of agritourism infrastructure development in Panggang Lake Area.
The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development, Volume 5, pp 21-29; https://doi.org/10.14710/ijpd.5.1.21-29

Abstract:
Toll roads play a significant role in regional development. Moreover, toll roads affect the behavioral patterns of the people who reside in the surrounding areas and the region's development. Toll roads improve accessibility to resources that lead to higher productivity and ultimately foster economic growth. This paper aims to examine the difference in household income levels between suburban areas before the construction of Bakauheni–Terbanggi Besar toll road in 2014 and after the toll road construction in 2017. Toll road construction is associated with society's income; the areas closer to the toll road are inclined to have higher income levels. Furthermore, the construction of a toll road creates socio-economic opportunities and improves accessibility for society. This research used an income effect model to develop transformational household changes using the Ordinary Least Square (OLS) Regression. It is discovered that there is a behavioral correlation both in and between the households that leads to shifts in the work sector, income level, health, and education. This research showed that households' income is significantly increased after toll construction. Residential distance from toll also has a strong correlation with income, which households residing closer to the toll road have earned more income than those residing farther.
Intan Hapsari Surya Putri, Rukuh Setiadi
The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development, Volume 5, pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.14710/ijpd.5.1.1-10

Abstract:
Climate change has pushed communities to make continued adjustments in various aspects of their life in order to adapt and survive. Adaptive capacity is a key concept in understanding this context. Although a number of researches in the discipline of social sciences have examined the meanings and categories of adaptation capacity, the extent to which this knowledge is used in the field of physical geography has not been adequately studied. Most studies on adaptive capacities within this discipline are focused largely on measuring the level or status of adaptation capacity (i.e. high, medium, or low) in a given region. Moreover, these studies have typically interpreted adaptation capacity as rigid and static. Thus, it sets the same index for all adaptive capacity categories. Sometimes it provides a varied index, but it does not give adequate consideration to the actual condition influencing adaptation capacity (i.e. the characteristic of adaptation goals, actors, resources, and etc.). With a case study approach focused in Tanjungmas Sub-district, this study aims to build a conceptual model which connects overall adaptive capacity categories using qualitative methods. We interviewed 18 key persons including sub-district officers, community leaders, women associations, and other local organisation members. This model may help researchers in the area of physical geography to conceptualize adaptation capacities and to establish an index that more accurately reflects local conditions following additional brief field assessments.
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