Low Carbon Economy
ISSN / EISSN : 21587000 / 21587019
Current Publisher: Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. (10.4236)
Total articles ≅ 150
Latest articles in this journal
Low Carbon Economy, Volume 10, pp 31-46; doi:10.4236/lce.2019.102003
Kenya still uses a purely value-based motor vehicle taxation system. No environmentally focused fiscal policies exist for vehicle ownership and usage, yet up to a quarter of the country’s carbon dioxide emissions originate from the transport and energy sectors. To achieve its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) objectives for road transport, current vehicle taxes should be revised to reduce emissions through incentivizing newer and hybrid vehicle imports. The study projects Kenya’s motor vehicle inventory using business-as-usual scenario building projections to determine the country’s emissions and public revenue. The results conclude that vehicle age is directly proportional to the tax rate and therefore motor vehicle CO2 emissions could be decreased significantly by amending the current tax policies to incentivize a shift in consumer car choice and help Kenya meet its NDC emissions reduction target for 2030.
Low Carbon Economy, Volume 10, pp 81-101; doi:10.4236/lce.2019.103006
Air pollution in China is causing significantly negative health effect. The issue is fueled by China’s transition to an aging society with a climbing population of elders characterized by great physiological and social vulnerability. Despite the existing investigation on the health effect of air pollution, evidence in China is lack based on the empirical ground, particularly for the elderly. In this study, I examine how air pollution level affects the hospital visits of the elderly in China. Combining data from China Health and Retirement longitudinal Study (CHARLS) and city-level Air Quality Index (AQI) of 2011 and 2013, we conduct individual random effect Probit and fixed-effect Logistic model to eliminate endogeneity from sorting problems and harvesting issues. Results show that increasing air pollution level resulted in negative health effects on the elders, and significantly raised their hospital visits. These effects are more serious for males, aged individuals, low-educated, smoker, and the poor people. The findings indicate the potential benefit of air pollution reduction and provide policy implications for both environmental regulation and health service management.
Low Carbon Economy, Volume 10, pp 47-58; doi:10.4236/lce.2019.102004
Based on a series of theoretical study of Pigou tax principle, polluter pays principle (PPP), double dividend theory, tax incidence and tax burden transfer, carbon tax excess burden, and the Laffer curve, this article determines the design of essential elements involved in carbon tax system, including the scope of carbon tax, the objects of Taxation, the tax payer, the tax link, the tax rate, and the tax preference, etc. Meanwhile, some principles are proposed when implementing strategies, that is, the principle of combination of efficiency and equity, the principle of tax rate dynamic adjustment, and the principle of tax neutrality.
Low Carbon Economy, Volume 10, pp 59-80; doi:10.4236/lce.2019.102005
This work promotes an advanced alternative of energy flow that is more informative and comprehensive to facilitate a better understanding of the whole national or regional energy situation. The 2017 Energy Flow of Taiwan is illustrated as an example. This innovative energy flow captures the entire picture of the utilization of primary energy for a year, therein it points out each individual primary and secondary energy supply and demand, as well as further information of the flows. Especially, it is revealed in this study the comparative efficiencies of utilization of gross energy from the difference between each providing group and corresponding receiving groups. Thus, the analysis can serve as a benchmark for the government’s reference to develop or make improvements towards more efficient and better strategies of future energy use. The proposed advanced alternative of energy flow in Taiwan is suitable for promotion to analyze the energy flow in other countries or regions.
Low Carbon Economy, Volume 10, pp 11-30; doi:10.4236/lce.2019.102002
This paper is written to help relieve existing environmental problems. This paper focuses on how insights from Behavioral Economics can be drawn and affect human behavior in order to reduce pollution and relieve environmental problems. This research involves several interviews with government officials involving the preservation of energy and water, managers of environment-related corporations, and leaders of non-government organizations that are trying to reduce pollution and save the environment. Reviewing the existing measures taken by governments, this paper analyzes different points of views and approaches and gives several practical suggestions on reducing pollution in the Behavioral Economics point of view, which can be referred to by legislations and other organizations and helps eco-friendly policies to be more efficient and accepted. This paper also evaluates different measures that could be taken and the costs and benefits of different alternatives, bringing a clearer understanding of the impacts of many possible actions that can be both vital and beneficial.
Low Carbon Economy, Volume 10, pp 1-10; doi:10.4236/lce.2019.101001
Low Carbon Economy, Volume 9, pp 63-74; doi:10.4236/lce.2018.92005
Low Carbon Economy, Volume 9, pp 18-32; doi:10.4236/lce.2018.91002
Low Carbon Economy, Volume 9, pp 33-44; doi:10.4236/lce.2018.91003
A comparison of the European Union (EU) and China’s emission trading schemes (ETS) is made and we analyze a field survey concerning the pilot ETS in China. The comparison shows that EU’s carbon market is relative mature, given that EU has adopted more flexible and market based measures for its ETS. In China there are more governmental interventions to make the ETS work, but there is lack of a legal foundation and market measures for China’s ETS. The survey yielded information on the attitudes of the participants towards ETS and the linkages between carbon price and the actions by ETS participants to diminish carbon emissions. The survey results show that most participants are willing to participate in ETS and that the ETS does have positive impact on the reduction of CO2 emission. However China is not yet well prepared to move from seven small pilot ETS to a nationwide ETS, since relevant laws and regulations are not well formulated. This also explains why there are much governmental interventions for the 7 pilot ETS in China. The survey result shows that the existing carbon price in China is too low to mobilise industrial investment in abatement technology.
Low Carbon Economy, Volume 9, pp 1-17; doi:10.4236/lce.2018.91001