ISSN / EISSN : 1410900X / 25035215
Current Publisher: Balai Bahasa Jawa Timur (10.24257)
Total articles ≅ 263
Latest articles in this journal
ATAVISME, Volume 22, pp 217-232; doi:10.24257/atavisme.v22i2.581.217-232
Local wisdom is a source of knowledge and worldview of the people. However, modernity and its various developments, which are often perceived as a new value system that is superior to local values, pose a threat to its existence. This research aims to describe the local wisdom of Madurese and its existence in the modern era. This study used descriptive-qualitative method. The data source of this study was Zainul Muttaqin’s short story anthology Celurit Hujan Panas (2019). The data were collected by reading-taking note technique. The data analysis techniques included presenting data, reducing data, and drawing conclusions. The results of the study showed that Madurese local wisdom was more dominated by a number of sacred values with an emphasis on aspects of Madurese spirituality. Various local wisdoms must wrestled with themselves and external influences to stay afloat. In this modern era, Madura's local wisdom is on the verge of shifting, i.e. maintaining a number of noble values that have been passed on for generations or participating in the stream of modernization that prioritizes development and rationality
ATAVISME, Volume 22, pp 129-143; doi:10.24257/atavisme.v22i2.580.129-143
A person forms an identity not only from the influence of social environment, but also anxiety. This study aims to reveal the identity construction of the main characters in two Japanese novels entitled Hebi ni Piasu (2003) and Haidora (2007) by Kanehara Hitomi. These novels describe the construction of self identity which are represented through the body and fashion. The self identity constructions are influenced by social environment and anxiety. Moreover, in Japan, there is a term ikizurasa which is used to describe feelings of emptiness and isolation. This research used self identity theory and descriptive analysis method to analyse the data. The data in this research were obtained from two novels entitled Hebi ni Piasu (2003) and Haidora (2007). The results showed that the contruction of self identity of the main character was formed by the influence of the self and anxiety as well as the social environment. The two main characters showed that they used this construction of self identity to survive.
ATAVISME, Volume 22, pp 172-184; doi:10.24257/atavisme.v22i2.587.172-184
Women's bodies as sexual objects are always in power relations. In Telembuk Dangdut dan Kisah Cinta yang Keparat, the characters of Diva and Mak Dayem are the representations of women's bodies as well as sexual objects in the power relation circle. This study aims to illustrate how women (Diva and Mak Dayem) compete with power by trying to make their bodies as sexual subjects in the novel Telembuk. The theory used in this study was the Power of Discourse theory proposed by Michel Foucault. According to the type of data, this study was a qualitative research. The data source was Kedung Darma Romansha’s novel Telembuk: Dangdut dan Kisah Cinta yang Keparat published in 2017. This study used discursive formation method to analyse the data. The results of this study were 1) the metaphysical body becomes the strategy of telembuk women to utter anti-power, 2) telembuk as a woman strategy to be a sexual subject.
ATAVISME, Volume 22, pp 200-216; doi:10.24257/atavisme.v22i2.586.200-216
This research aims to classify and describe the material culture elements contained in Okky Madasari’s novel Entrok. The research problem includes the classification of material culture elements which only exist in Indonesia, and most of them are related to Javanese culture. This research was a qualitative descriptive research. The data were in the form of words and phrases obtained from Okky Madasari’s Entrok. The result showed that there were six elements of material culture. The most commonly found material culture element was food, the second was house, the third was clothes, and the least found were vehicle, daily equipment, and art tool. The use of material culture elements in literary works, such as novel, not only improves the aesthetic value of the work, but also can be used as a media of education, so that the literary work enthusiasts can recognize better and are able to preserve the cultures in Indonesia.
ATAVISME, Volume 22, pp 246-261; doi:10.24257/atavisme.v22i2.582.246-261
This study aims to discover the reasons why Dave did the journey and the process that he had been through in order to find family love in Dave Pelzer’s The Lost Boy (2009). There are two main points analyzed by the writer: the setting and characterization of the main character of the novel, Dave. To accomplish this study, the writer applied New Criticism theory by closely reading the novel to examine the formal elements such as setting and characterization. Through this study, the writer found that Dave’s experience traumatizes and makes him hard to trust other people. The setting that appears in the novel has an important role in changing his characterization in the end of the story.
ATAVISME, Volume 22, pp 233-245; doi:10.24257/atavisme.v22i2.553.233-245
This research aims to reveal the journey of Katniss Everdeen by using monomyth cycle in Suzanne Collins’ novel Catching Fire (2009). This research used the literary criticism that employs the monomyth cycle of Joseph Campbell. The monomyth theory was used to explore Katniss’ heroic journey within the novel Catching Fire. All data were classified into the following stages of monomyth cycle: departure, initiation, and return. Each stage represented the development of Katniss’s traits during her journey. From the analysis, it was discovered that Katniss began her journey by adapting herself in Victor’s Village after winning the 74th Hunger Games. She began her journey after President Snow provided her a challenge to convince him to reduce the uprising acts in each District. She refused to return home since she must rescue Peeta. Therefore, this paper concludes that this novel can be a continuity step of Katniss’ Journey for transforming herself to be a heroine at the end of her Journey.
ATAVISME, Volume 22, pp 144-158; doi:10.24257/atavisme.v22i2.585.144-158
This research aims to reveal the ‘selfness’ of Sartika as the subject through her hidden desire that is repressed by the values, law, and culture in the poems collected in poetry anthology Elegi Titi Gantung (2016). The aim comes from the phenomenon that the subject (human) never really knows her desire. The desired object is always replaced by another desired object. Based on that, the issues raised were (1) how is the combination of signifier as Sartika Sari’s desire manifestation through metaphor and metonymy mechanism in the poetry anthology of Elegi Titi Gantung? (2) how is Sartika Sari’s desire that is manifested in the poetry anthology of Elegi Titi Gantung? This research used Lacanian perspective and method, i.e. analyzing the data in the form of words, phrases, stanzas, or lines in the poem to find the under-consciousness condition of Sartika who wishes the wholeness of herself through metaphor and metonymy mechanism. The result of this research was that Sartika has the desire to be an existing woman and an ideal woman. Sartika’s desire to be an existing woman showed her existence as a subject in the Symbolic order. Meanwhile, Sartika’s desire to be an ideal woman was a negotiation form toward herself who wanted freedom.
ATAVISME, Volume 22, pp 185-199; doi:10.24257/atavisme.v22i2.575.185-199
The population of ethnic Chinese in Malaysia ranks second, after ethnic Bumiputra. Some of ethnic Chinese residents write short stories in order to build an image of themselves. Their work pieces are written in the short story anthology of Menara 7 (1998). This Malay anthology is interesting because its authors speak their mother tongue instead of Malay language. The objective of this research was to describe how the symbolic interactions was constructed on the short stories of Menara 7. By using symbolic interaction theory and the Hermeneutic Circle analysis methods, in short stories written by Chinese authors, the efforts to build image were manifested through the use of titles, characterizations, and cultural missions. It showed that short stories were also used as a meaning of cultural mission internally, as a manifestation of tendentious literature.
ATAVISME, Volume 22, pp 159-171; doi:10.24257/atavisme.v22i2.576.159-171
William Somerset Maugham's short story “The Appointment in Samarra” (1933) narrates a theme of how someone cannot avoid death, but the death is represented through a female figure. The research aims to expose a critic toward the representation of death through female character which is a cultivation of patriarchal ideas through literary works. This research used deconstruction framework as a reference to expose the paradox between woman and death. This was a qualitative research with an intertextuality approach. The data were in the form of quotations in the text and the source of the data was William Somerset Maugham’s short story “The Appointment in Samarra”. The data were collected through documentation technique and analysed with interpretation method. The results showed that the representation of death through woman was a patriarchal discourse and, with deconstructive reading, the narrative presented a paradoxical side; on one side, it presented that woman had horrible character, but on the other side, the horrible character implied power. Dismantling of the patriarchal discourse made the decon-structive process in this text became study of feminist deconstruction.
ATAVISME, Volume 22, pp 113-127; doi:10.24257/atavisme.v22i1.515.113-127
This study aims to reveal the cultural ecology represented in Yonathan Rahardjo’s novel Lanang. This novel was chosen because it is full of representations of cultural ecology in the millen-nial era. The discussion of cultural ecology cannot be separated from the relationship between culture, humans, and the environment. This study uses a cultural ecology approach. The data are textual units containing the discourse of cultural ecology. The results of this study indicate that there are dynamics in cultural ecology described through human actions in need fulfillment, namely traditionally and modernly. Selecting one of these methods will give birth to inequality to the environment. Both methods must go hand in hand to achieve the ideal cultural ecology.