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ISSN / EISSN : 1137-3601 / 1988-3064
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Marco Javier Suárez-Barón, José Fdo. López, Carlos Enrique Montenegro Marin, Paulo Alonso Gaona García , Franklin Guillermo Montenegro-Marin
INTELIGENCIA ARTIFICIAL, Volume 22; doi:10.4114/intartif.vol22iss64pp143-151

This work explains for a computational model design focused organizational learning in R&D centers. We explained the first stage of this architecture that enables extracting, retrieval and integrating of lessons learned in the areas of innovation and technological development that have been registered by R&D researchers and personnel in social networks corporative focused to research. In addition, this article provides details about the design and construction of organizational memory as a computational learning mechanism within an organization. The end result of the process is discusses the management of the extraction and retrieval of information as a technological knowledge management mechanism with the goal of consolidating the Organizational Memory.
Antonio Jiménez Márquez, Gabriel Beltrán Maza
INTELIGENCIA ARTIFICIAL, Volume 22, pp 135-142; doi:10.4114/intartif.vol22iss64pp135-142

This paper shows the results obtained from images processing digitized, taken with a 'smartphone', of 56 samples of crushed olives, using the methodology of the gray-level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM). The values ​​of the appropriate direction (θ) and distance (D) that two pixel with gray tone are neighbourhood, are defined to extract the information of the parameters: Contrast, Correlation, Energy and Homogeneity. The values ​​of these parameters are correlated with several characteristic components of the olives mass: oil content (RGH) and water content (HUM), whose values ​​are in the usual ranges during their processing to obtain virgin olive oil in mills and they contribute to generate different mechanical textures in the mass according to their relationship HUM / RGH. The results indicate the existence of significant correlations of the parameters Contrast, Energy and Homogeneity with the RGH and the HUM, which have allowed to obtain, by means of a multiple linear regression (MLR), mathematical equations that allow to predict both components with a high degree of correlation coefficient, r = 0.861 and r = 0.872 for RGH and HUM respectively. These results suggest the feasibility of textural analysis using GLCM to extract features of interest from digital images of the olives mass, quickly and non-destructively, as an aid in the decision making to optimize the production process of virgin olive oil.
Gustavo Martins, Paulo Urbano, Anders Lyhne Christensen
INTELIGENCIA ARTIFICIAL, Volume 22; doi:10.4114/intartif.vol22iss64pp152-165

In evolutionary robotics role allocation studies, it is common that the role assumed by each robot is strongly associated with specific local conditions, which may compromise scalability and robustness because of the dependency on those conditions. To increase scalability, communication has been proposed as a means for robots to exchange signals that represent roles. This idea was successfully applied to evolve communication-based role allocation for a two-role task. However, it was necessary to reward signal differentiation in the fitness function, which is a serious limitation as it does not generalize to tasks where the number of roles is unknown a priori. In this paper, we show that rewarding signal differentiation is not necessary to evolve communication-based role allocation strategies for the given task, and we improve reported scalability, while requiring less a priori knowledge. Our approach for the two-role task puts fewer constrains on the evolutionary process and enhances the potential of evolving communication-based role allocation for more complex tasks. Furthermore, we conduct experiments for a three-role task where we compare two different cognitive architectures and several fitness functions and we show how scalable controllers might be evolved.
Mohamed Amine Nemmich, Fatima Debbat, Mohamed Slimane
INTELIGENCIA ARTIFICIAL, Volume 22; doi:10.4114/intartif.vol22iss64pp123-134

In this paper, we propose a novel efficient model based on Bees Algorithm (BA) for the Resource-Constrained Project Scheduling Problem (RCPSP). The studied RCPSP is a NP-hard combinatorial optimization problem which involves resource, precedence, and temporal constraints. It has been applied to many applications. The main objective is to minimize the expected makespan of the project. The proposed model, named Enhanced Discrete Bees Algorithm (EDBA), iteratively solves the RCPSP by utilizing intelligent foraging behaviors of honey bees. The potential solution is represented by the multidimensional bee, where the activity list representation (AL) is considered. This projection involves using the Serial Schedule Generation Scheme (SSGS) as decoding procedure to construct the active schedules. In addition, the conventional local search of the basic BA is replaced by a neighboring technique, based on the swap operator, which takes into account the specificity of the solution space of project scheduling problems and reduces the number of parameters to be tuned. The proposed EDBA is tested on well-known benchmark problem instance sets from Project Scheduling Problem Library (PSPLIB) and compared with other approaches from the literature. The promising computational results reveal the effectiveness of the proposed approach for solving the RCPSP problems of various scales.
Hanane Allioui, Mohamed Sadgal, Aziz El Fazziki
INTELIGENCIA ARTIFICIAL, Volume 22, pp 102-122; doi:10.4114/intartif.vol22iss64pp102-122

It is generally accepted that segmentation is a critical problem that influences subsequent tasks during image processing. Often, the proposed approaches provide effectiveness for a limited type of images with a significant lack of a global solution. The difficulty of segmentation lies in the complexity of providing a global solution with acceptable accuracy within a reasonable time. To overcome this problem, some solutions combined several methods. This paper presents a method for segmenting 2D/3D images by merging regions and solving problems encountered during the process using a multi-agent system (MAS). We are using the strengths of MAS by opting for a compromise that satisfies segmentation by agents’ acts. Regions with high similarity are merged immediately, while the others with low similarity are ignored. The remaining ones, with ambiguous similarity, are solved in a coalition by negotiation. In our system, the agents make decisions according to the utility functions adopting the Pareto optimal in Game theory. Unlike hierarchical merging methods, MAS performs a hypothetical merger planning then negotiates the agreements' subsets to merge all regions at once.
Omar Andres Carmona Cortes, Leticia De Fátima Corrêa Costa, Jo˜ao Pedro Augusto Costa
INTELIGENCIA ARTIFICIAL, Volume 22, pp 85-101; doi:10.4114/intartif.vol22iss64pp85-101

This article describes a new adaptive metaheuristic based on a vector evaluated approach for solving multiobjective problems. We called our proposed algorithm Vector Evaluated Meta-Heuristic. Its main idea is to evolve two populations independently, exchanging information between them, i.e., the first population evolves according to the best individual of the second population and vice-versa. The choice of which algorithm will be executed on each generation is carried out stochastically among three evolutionary algorithms well known in the literature: PSO, DE, ABC. In order to evaluate the results, we used an established metric in multiobjective evolutionary algorithms called hypervolume. Tests have shown that the adaptive metaheuristic reaches the best hyper-volumes in three of ZDT benchmarks functions and, also, in two portfolios of a real-world problem called portfolio investment optimization. The results show that our algorithm improved the Pareto curve when compared to the hypervolumes of each heuristic separately.
JanapatyI Naga Muneiah, Ch D V Subbarao
INTELIGENCIA ARTIFICIAL, Volume 22, pp 63-84; doi:10.4114/intartif.vol22iss64pp63-84

Enterprises often classify their customers based on the degree of profitability in decreasing order like C1, C2, ..., Cn. Generally, customers representing class Cn are zero profitable since they migrate to the competitor. They are called as attritors (or churners) and are the prime reason for the huge losses of the enterprises. Nevertheless, customers of other intermediary classes are reluctant and offer an insignificant amount of profits in different degrees and lead to uncertainty. Various data mining models like decision trees, etc., which are built using the customers’ profiles, are limited to classifying the customers as attritors or non-attritors only and not providing profitable actionable knowledge. In this paper, we present an efficient algorithm for the automatic extraction of profit-maximizing knowledge for business applications with multi-class customers by postprocessing the probability estimation decision tree (PET). When the PET predicts a customer as belonging to any of the lesser profitable classes, then, our algorithm suggests the cost-sensitive actions to change her/him to a maximum possible higher profitable status. In the proposed novel approach, the PET is represented in the compressed form as a Bit patterns matrix and the postprocessing task is performed on the bit patterns by applying the bitwise AND operations. The computational performance of the proposed method is strong due to the employment of effective data structures. Substantial experiments conducted on UCI datasets, real Mobile phone service data and other benchmark datasets demonstrate that the proposed method remarkably outperforms the state-of-the-art methods.
Mariela Morveli Espinoza, Juan Carlos Nieves, Ayslan Possebom, Cesar Augusto Tacla
INTELIGENCIA ARTIFICIAL, Volume 22, pp 47-62; doi:10.4114/intartif.vol22iss64pp47-62

By considering rational agents, we focus on the problem of selecting goals out of a set of incompatible ones. We consider three forms of incompatibility introduced by Castelfranchi and Paglieri, namely the terminal, the instrumental (or based on resources), and the superfluity. We represent the agent's plans by means of structured arguments whose premises are pervaded with uncertainty. We measure the strength of these arguments in order to determine the set of compatible goals. We propose two novel ways for calculating the strength of these arguments, depending on the kind of incompatibility thatexists between them. The first one is the logical strength value, it is denoted by a three-dimensional vector, which is calculated from a probabilistic interval associated with each argument. The vector represents the precision of the interval, the location of it, and the combination of precision and location. This type of representation and treatment of the strength of a structured argument has not been defined before by the state of the art. The second way for calculating the strength of the argument is based on the cost of the plans (regarding the necessary resources) and the preference of the goals associated with the plans. Considering our novel approach for measuring the strength of structured arguments, we propose a semantics for the selection of plans and goals that is based on Dung's abstract argumentation theory. Finally, we make a theoretical evaluation of our proposal.
INTELIGENCIA ARTIFICIAL, Volume 22, pp 36-46; doi:10.4114/intartif.vol22iss64pp36-46

Classification algorithms' performance could be enhanced by selecting many representative points to be included in the training sample. In this paper, a new border and rare biased sampling (BRBS) scheme is proposed by assigning each point in the dataset an importance factor. The importance factor of border points and rare points (i.e. points belong to rare classes) is higher than other points. Then the points are selected to be in the training sample depending on these factors. Including these points in the training sample enhances classifiers experience. The results of experiments on 10 UCI machine learning repository datasets prove that the BRBS algorithm outperforms many sampling algorithms and enhanced the performance of several classification algorithms by about 8%. BRBS is proposed to be easy to configure, covering all points space, and generate a unique samples every time it is executed.
José Antonio Alves Menezes, Giordano Cabral, Bruno Gomes, Paulo Pereira
INTELIGENCIA ARTIFICIAL, Volume 22, pp 14-35; doi:10.4114/intartif.vol22iss64pp14-35

To choice audio features has been a very interesting theme for audio classification experts. They have seen that this process is probably the most important effort to solve the classification problem. In this sense, there are techniques of Feature Learning for generate new features more suitable for classification model than conventional features. However, these techniques generally do not depend on knowledge domain and they can apply in various types of raw data. However, less agnostic approaches learn a type of knowledge restricted to the area studded. The audio data requires a specific knowledge type. There are many techniques that seek to improve the performance of the new generation of acoustic features, among which stands the technique that use evolutionary algorithms to explore analytical space of function. However, the efforts made leave opportunities for improvement. The purpose of this work is to propose and evaluate a multi-objective alternative to the exploitation of analytical audio features. In addition, experiments were arranged to be validated the method, with the help a computational prototype that implemented the proposed solution. After it was found the effectiveness of the model and ensuring that there is still opportunity for improvement in the chosen segment.
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