Journal of Psychiatry and Psychiatric Disorders

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EISSN : 2572519X
Current Publisher: Fortune Journals (10.26502)
Total articles ≅ 111
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Journal of Psychiatry and Psychiatric Disorders; doi:10.26502/jppd

Abstract:
Journal of Psychiatry and Psychiatric Disorders aims to get good Impact factor, indexing in SCI, Scopus, PubMed, ESCI, Clarivate Analytics, PMC. Psychiatry journals,Psychiatric Disorders journals
Journal of Psychiatry and Psychiatric Disorders, Volume 4, pp 10-20; doi:10.26502/jppd.2572-519x0084

Abstract:
The role of anxiety sensitivity in the development and treatment of psychiatric disorders is an issue that should receive attention. In this study, it was aimed to examine the existence of cognitive concerns in patients diagnosed with Anxiety Disorder and comorbid Depression in the light of the literature. A total of 112 patients diagnosed with Generalized Anxiety Disorder (n:50), Panic Disorder (n:50), Social Anxiety (n:9) and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (n:3) upon referral to the psychiatry outpatient clinic were included in study. Because of their small numbers, the Social Anxiety and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder patients were excluded from the study. The patients involved in the study were divided into two groups. Those patients diagnosed with Anxiety Disorder without comorbid Depression generated one of the groups and those patients diagnosed with both Anxiety Disorder and Depression generated the other group. While the patients diagnosed with Panic Disorder were assessed by the Panic and Agoraphobia Scale in terms of the severity of the symptoms, the patients diagnosed with Generalized Anxiety Disorder were assessed by the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 Scale. The Hamilton Depression Rating Scale and Anxiety Sensitivity Index-3 were applied to all patients. The patients diagnosed with both Anxiety Disorder and Depression had higher cognitive concerns than the other group, and further, a correlation between the severity of depression and cognitive concerns was observed. This correlation revealed the importance of especially the cognitive aspect of anxiety sensitivity in the development and treatment of depression comorbid with anxiety disorders.
Gianmarco Iuzzolino, Giuseppe D’Andrea, Tiziano De Matteis, Lorenzo Guidi, Domenico Berardi, Ilaria Tarricone
Journal of Psychiatry and Psychiatric Disorders, Volume 4, pp 1-9; doi:10.26502/jppd.2572-519x0083

Abstract:
Background: Several evidence have shown hyperglycemia and diabetes are frequent in patients with psychoses. There are evidences that some ethnic minorities are at higher risk of psychosis. It is less clear if migration history is a risk factor for diabetes and hyperglycemia during first-episode psychosis (FEP). The present study aims to evaluate if migration history might influence fasting plasma glucose change during antipsychotic treatment (APs) in (FEP). Materials and Methods: We carried out a retrospective follow-up of all FEP drug na?ve patients at their first contact with Bologna West Community Mental Health Centres from January 2010 to December 2015. Blood tests carried out during the follow-up period were collated from clinical charts to evaluate the baseline fasting plasma glucose level upon starting APs treatment and at the time of follow-up. Out of 50 patients who had FEP during the recruitment period and consented to take part in the study, 25 cases had blood test results available at follow-up. We performed linear multivariate regression analysis to adjust the association between migrant status and fasting plasma glucose level of follow-up by gender, age, education, employment, APs treatment and dose. Results: At baseline, the mean fasting plasma glucose level was within the normal range and at follow-up we observed a significant increase in the mean fasting plasma glucose in migrants. Upon multivariate linear regression analysis, migration history remained significantly associated with the follow-up fasting plasma glucose level. Conclusions: In conclusion, we found that migrants with FEP are particularly at risk of developing hyperglycemia and type II diabetes during APs treatment.
Nicolas Lebrun, Philibert Duriez, Julia Clarke, Philip Gorwood, Nicolas Ramoz, Thierry Bienvenu
Journal of Psychiatry and Psychiatric Disorders, Volume 4, pp 293-306; doi:10.26502/jppd.2572-519x0112

Abstract:
Puberty is a critical risk period for eating disorders, especially in girls. Previous reports showed that the association between puberty and eating disorders is mainly due to genetic factors, but the nature of these factors is unclear. To identify these genetic factors, we carried out exome analysis in 10 girls with anorexia nervosa compared to 10 unaffected women controls and identified low-frequency variants in genes among a list of 185 puberty-associated genes. After filtering data, 9 controls and 9 affected girls had at least one potential pathogenic rare (PPR) variant. In controls, 35 PPR variants were identified located (in 31 genes) whereas 52 PPR variants (in 38 genes) were identified in patients with AN. Among the genes identified only in the AN patients, we found a significant enrichment as compared to the general population and the control sample, in variants previously identified as associated with age at menarche (TNRC6A, LAMB2 and FAAH2). Two AN patients presented at least one rare missense variant in these genes. Moreover, nine patients with AN carried out missense/frameshift variants in puberty-associated genes previously identified by GWAS studies. Our results suggest that rare variants in genes involved in the timing of puberty such as TNRC6A, LAMB2 and FAAH2 may predispose to anorexia nervosa susceptibility during puberty.
Bohdan W Wasilewski
Journal of Psychiatry and Psychiatric Disorders, Volume 4, pp 21-30; doi:10.26502/jppd.2572-519x0085

Franco Blezza, Monica Zolezzi, Sara Abdulrhim, Nour Isleem, Farah Zahrah, Yassin Eltorki
Journal of Psychiatry and Psychiatric Disorders, Volume 4, pp 31-44; doi:10.26502/jppd.2572-519x0086

Abstract:
Objectives: To explore the views and experiences of different healthcare professionals in Qatar about their role addressing the medical comorbidities of people with serious mental illness (SMI). Subjects and Methods: Qualitative study using a purposive sampling strategy to include representative viewpoints from physicians, pharmacists, and nurses working at outpatient settings throughout Doha, Qatar. Semi-structured interviews were conducted, and transcripts analyzed employing qualitative phenomenological approach to inquiry. Results: A total of eighteen interviews to healthcare practitioners (HCPs) were conducted. Four major common themes emerged from these interviews, including: 1) knowledge and awareness about the medical comorbidities among people with serious mental illness (SMI); 2) perceptions of current practice in relation to addressing the medical comorbidities of people with SMI; 3) perceived barriers to the provision of medical care to people with SMI; 4) possible solutions to address the barriers identified. Conclusion: Results of this study suggest that HCPs perceive that people with SMI in Qatar receive suboptimal standard levels of care for their medical comorbidities. The integration of medical and mental healthcare services and fostering shared responsibility that includes family members were strongly recommended to improve the physical health of people with SMI.
Marios Constantinou
Journal of Psychiatry and Psychiatric Disorders, Volume 4, pp 79-86; doi:10.26502/jppd.2572-519x0094

Abstract:
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), for Adolescents diagnosed with temporal lobe epilepsy, may be beneficial for several reasons. It could reduce depression, anxiety, everyday worries, and even help in improving cognitive functioning and clinical symptomatology. Here, we present the case of a 15-year-old boy diagnosed with drug-resistant left temporal lobe epilepsy, whose psychological, cognitive, and clinical presentation significantly improved following 12 weekly sessions of CBT involving the youngster, his family, and school.
Vishwak Reddy V, Satya Revanth Karri, Tabitha Jezreel, Shadaan Afeen, Praveen Khairkar
Journal of Psychiatry and Psychiatric Disorders, Volume 4, pp 158-174; doi:10.26502/jppd.2572-519x0103

Abstract:
Objectives: Amid unprecedented health and socioeconomic crisis emanating from COVID-19 pandemic lockdown in India with effect from 25th March 2020 extending into its fourth phase is a matter of great concern to mental health professionals. The present study aims to evaluate psychological impact during current pandemic in difficult to reach, autonomous process of community spread of COVID-19 in partially observable system using respondent driven system with hidden Markov modeling approach. Methods: The participants were asked to complete a demographic and clinical profile data form, psychological and behavioral changes in past 14 days, their stress levels, depression and anxiety was screened using standardized and validated DASS-21 Scale. Chi-square test, Mann Whitney U test and Pearson’s Correlation Coefficient was performed. Results: A total of 891 people responded from 11 different states across the country and majority (90%) of them were from five South Indian states. We observed the prevalence of 22% of depression, with 15% anxiety and 27.5% with either of them. Young age, widow/unmarried marital status, moderate level of education, students, non-working status during lockdown, past history of psychiatric illnesses, presence of physical symptoms related to COVID-19, hypochondriacal thoughts, fear of contamination, social contagion, were found to be significantly associated (p
Nathália Janovik, Victor Hugo Cordova, Cintya Ogliari, Michel Mroginski, Lenise Franceschoni, Paulo Belmonte-De-Abreu
Journal of Psychiatry and Psychiatric Disorders, Volume 4, pp 144-157; doi:10.26502/jppd.2572-519x0102

Abstract:
A recent meta-analysis based on functional neuroimaging studies showed that, during the occurrence of Auditory Hallucinations (AH), patients with schizophrenia exhibit a significant overactivation of the left parieto-temporal cortex (middle and upper temporal and Wernicke's area), left lower frontal cortex (Drill front area, operculum, anterior insula, precentral gyrus), as well as their rights counterparts [1].
Boris C. Rodríguez-Martín, María Martín-García, Inés Martínez-Infiesta, Atef Souied-Espada, Paz De La Cruz-Medina
Journal of Psychiatry and Psychiatric Disorders, Volume 4, pp 94-100; doi:10.26502/jppd.2572-519x0096

Abstract:
Purpose: The present study aims to report the clinical evolution of a patient with AN, without another substance use disorder, who followed 90-day residential treatment with the 12 Steps Minnesota Model and its subsequent two-year follow-up, during which she regularly attends Overeaters Anonymous (OA) groups. Methods: This case report follows the treatment of a 20-year-old female with anorexia nervosa. After 3 months of multidisciplinary treatment, low-doses of venlafaxine and trazodone were initiated. She expressed her decrease in rigidness at mealtimes, increased her weight and had a resumption of menses. She was committed with treatment and maintained her weight gain despite a single binge/purge relapse episode in this 2-year of follow-up. Results: The results obtained in this case suggest that, although purgative and self-injurious behaviours stopped during admission, weight gain was poor during admission and the first year of follow-up, as well as the reporting of improvements in concerns about her weight: it is not until the second year of follow-up that the patient manages to reach weight indicators that can be considered within the range of the norm. Regarding body shape, even though at the end of the second year she refers to greater acceptance, it continues to be a problem. Conclusion: In the case of a patient with AN, without another substance use disorder, the main changes produced regarding to weight gain and body shape acceptance occurred in the second year of follow-up, during which the patient regularly attended OA groups.
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