Egyházmegyék – királyság – Szent Korona

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 1419-0222 / 2064-5929
Published by: University of Szeged (10.14232)
Total articles ≅ 409
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Zsuzsanna Rákóczy
Egyházmegyék – királyság – Szent Korona, Volume 33, pp 89-118;

This present study draws findings on possible ways of alternative dispute resolution (ADR) in economic and other “non-economic” organizations. The research analyzed (1) conflicts in organizations, (2) methods of conflict resolution, (3) actors who support the management of conflict management, (4) trust between parties, (5) knowledge of ADR, and (6) additional possible – Hungarian sector-specific – circumstances. There is no such comparison study of economic and ’non-economic’ organizations in Hungary, as well as there is also absence of English studies about the neighbor post-socialist countries of the European Union. The last one was carried out 10 years ago as a pilot project to introduce ADR in Hungary, so with this research, some relevant ideas were carried out that can contribute to the more efficient implementation of domestic efforts.
Iván Kis
Egyházmegyék – királyság – Szent Korona, Volume 33, pp 54-70;

In my study I analyze a significant late-medieval memoir, known as „The Memoires of Helene Kottanner (1439–1440), written by Helene, or Elena Kottanner, an Austrian woman, daughter ofPeter Wolfram from Ödenburg (Sopron), acting in the service of Queen Elizabeth of Hungary.The source, which may be considered the oldest German memoir written by a secular woman, depicts the events of an interesting period of the medieval Hungarian history with “vividness and poignancy” (Maya Bijvoet Williamson). After the death of King Albert (1437–1439), his ambitious wife, Elizabeth – while a large part of the Hungarian nobles wanted Władysław III of Poland to be the king of Hungary – tried to maintain his own authority in Hungary (at that time she was already pregnant and hoped that her new-born will be a boy), therefore she ordered her servant, Elena Kottanner to steal the Holy Crown of Saint Stephen from the royal stronghold, Plintenburg (Visegrád). The woman and an unnamed Hungarian collaborator managed to remove the Crown secretly, rushing to the Queen with it, who within an hour of the crown’s arrival at her castle of Komorn (Komárom), bore a son, Ladislaus Posthumous (1440–1457). Three months later, the little boy was crowned King of Hungary in Stuhlweissenburg (Székesfehérvár). In her memoir, Helene Kottanner – as an eye-witness author – gives a unique, detailed and remarkable picture about these events. My main goal is to analyze the rhetorical methods, the historiographical practice presented by Helene, which can be detected in her text. I demonstrate that the servant intended to emphasize her own role in the mentioned events, and tried to legitimate the Hungarian kingship of Ladislaus Posthumous. Besides, she presented certain events as symbolic of the fate of the future king: according to Helene, God protects her and Elizabeth, and the whole undertaking, while the Devil is on the side of their enemies (Władysław III of Poland and the Hungarian nobles). Furthermore, I also intend to demonstrate what possible goals could Helene have had with her memoir. It is quite possible that the servant wrote her opus in order to get her reward for her services provided to the queen and the future king. I demonstrate this problem in context of the Hungarian political situation in the 1440s and the 1450s.
Nenad Obradovic
Egyházmegyék – királyság – Szent Korona, Volume 33, pp 47-53;

The paper offers us opportunity to form a timeline of the Despots entry in the vassality with the Hungarian King Sigismund. According to our sources the entry happened after Decemeber 18th 1403, and before April 16th 1404, when the despot was referred to as a vasal of King Sigismund in a letter to the Duke of Burgundy.
Sándor Hunyadi
Egyházmegyék – királyság – Szent Korona, Volume 33, pp 19-46;

The episcopacy played an important role at the end of the Arpad Age, and the fate of certain dioceses were sealed by the relationships between the bishops and the oligarchs. Thus, at the end of the 13th and at the beginning of the 14th century, both the history of the Chapter and of the Diocese of Transylvania was heavily influenced by the relation between Bishop Peter Monoszló and Ladislaus Kán, Voivode of Transylvania. In my article, I aim to survey the relationship of the Diocese and the Chapter of Transylvania, beginning with Bishop Peter Monoszló, with the later Voivode of Transylvania, Ladislaus Kán, elaborately presenting the signs which may imply a harmonic relation between the bishop and the voivode, the economic conflict with the chapter, and the difficulties the chapter had to face following the death of Peter Monoszló: the difficult election and confirmation of his successor, Bishop Benedict, and the lawsuits against the Transylvanian Saxons.
Bulcsu Bognár
Egyházmegyék – királyság – Szent Korona, Volume 33, pp 131-146;

The study examines the concept of László Németh’s high-impact „Garden Hungary”. The article seeks to answer the question of how successful Németh’s third-way vision was in formulating an alternative to solving the problems of modern Hungarian social development. In doing so, the work discusses how the idea of a quality revolution, which is at a distance from the development of both Western and Eastern European societies, was intended to transform Hungarian society. In addition, the study analyzes the virtues and pitfalls of the approach built on agriculture and focusing on the intellectuals. At the end of writing, the paper compares László Németh’s concept with the contemporary reform proposals, so that we can judge the approach more realistically by interpreting it in his own social context.
Gábor Thoroczkay
Egyházmegyék – királyság – Szent Korona, Volume 33, pp 13-18;

The present study disputes the opinion that in the middle of the eleventh century the bishoprics of Bihar (today Biharea, Romania) and Eger formed the same diocese (this is the thesis of Gergely Buzás). The reality, on the other hand, is that Eger was a separate diocese, and the early diocese of Bihar was transferred to Várad (today Oradea, Romania) at the end of the eleventh century. Nevertheless, some data about Bishops Leodvin and Coloman suggest that in the middle and second half of the eleventh century, the dioceses of Eger and Bihar were under the jurisdiction of a single bishop (this was the opinion of László Koszta).
Tamás Sánta
Egyházmegyék – királyság – Szent Korona, Volume 33, pp 119-130;

The study is a transcript of a lecture given by the Partium Christian University in February 2020 in Oradea at the conference entitled “from Cradle to University” in the Carpathian Basin. The topic of the lecture and the subject of the empirical study is a group of young people who have been criminalized within the Hungarian NEET (Not in Employment, Education or Training) youth group. In the introduction of the paper, the concept of NEET will be defined, and briefly discussed the specifics of the study group. In the methodological part, the research methods are presented, followed by a partial presentation of the research results, which focuses primarily on the vision of criminalized Hungarian NEET youth. Empirical data from the research point in the direction that a significant part of the members of the study group, despite the fact that some of the group members face even long-term imprisonment, still they can see a more positive and successful future in front of them.
Péter Galambosi
Egyházmegyék – királyság – Szent Korona, Volume 33, pp 5-12;

At the time of the state foundation, the territories southward from the river Maros were ruled by chief Ajtony, who disavowed the royal authority of king Saint Stephan. His story was told by the larger legend of Saint Gerrard and the gesta of the anonym notary of king Béla III. The fall of Ajtony was caused by the leader of his suite, Csanád, who had killed his superior, and then surrendered to King Stephan. Csanád got baptized and took part in the foundation of a diocese. In return, the king kept him in his position and didn’t cut up his territory into smaller administrative units.
András A. Gergely
Egyházmegyék – királyság – Szent Korona, Volume 33, pp 178-185;

Vivien Apjok
Egyházmegyék – királyság – Szent Korona, Volume 33, pp 71-88;

The aim of this study is to summarize, based on primary sources, the series of decisions made by the management of the town of Makó between 1950 and 1990, which aimed to declare the settlement a spa town. The spa culture of Makó, as the basis of spa tourism, takes place in two arenas: on the coast of river Maros on the outskirts of the settlement and in the thermal spa in the downtown. The relevant decisions and activities of the period are recorded in writing in the protocols of the Executive Committee of the Council of Makó and the minutes of the Csongrád County Water and Sewerage Company, as well as in the register of the Water Directorate - these reflect the institutional attitude. In addition, the period from the 1950s onwards can already be grasped in the form of recollections which complement, nuance formal arrangements with individual experiences and motivations.
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