UIR Law Review

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2548-7671 / 2548-768X
Current Publisher: UIR Law Review (10.25299)
Total articles ≅ 9
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Articles in this journal

Dwi Seno Wijanarko, Fransiska Novita Eleanora
Published: 6 March 2020
UIR Law Review, Volume 4, pp 39-45; doi:10.25299/uirlrev.2020.vol4(1).4279

Abstract:
Domestic violence is an increasingly widespread problem, and is often triggered or caused by a variety of things, but the most prominent is economic problems or primary needs. Perpetrators as people who commit violence can be reviewed why to do it, due to several factors in him, such as the environment, heredity, psychiatric disturbed so that in solving household problems is often done with high emotions and full of inappropriate words spoken to the interlocutor. While the victim as the party suffering due to the treatment given by the perpetrator must also be seen, the perception of the victim as a weak party, the victims here based on the type there are victims who really want themselves to be victims, there are victims who are truly themselves victims, exploited by the perpetrators, where violence there are various forms of physical, psychological, sexual violence and neglect of the household, this is seen when viewed from the perception of criminology and victimization. The research method used is normative juridical that is by tracing the literature and legislation relating to the problem under study. The result is that the perpetrators of domestic violence are seen from the aspect of the perpetrators' responsibilities regarding their age to be able to punish and sanction, the victims see their role when the crime is related to the loss suffered, and the settlement of the household according to the law on the elimination of violence in the household namely number 23 of 2004, namely by preventing the occurrence of criminal acts, protecting victims, providing emergency assistance, assisting the process of determining the application for protection.
Martin Putri Nur Jannah, Dewi Nurul Musjtar
Published: 3 March 2020
UIR Law Review, Volume 3, pp 41-49; doi:10.25299/uirlrev.2019.vol3(02).3489

Abstract:
Pembangunan merupakan usaha untuk menciptakan kemakmuran dan kesejahteraan rakyat. Suatu pekerjaan pembangunan tidak lepas dari adanya perjanjian konstruksi. Dalam pelaksanaannya, banyak pelaku jasa konstruksi baik pengguna jasa maupun kontraktor tidak melaksanakan prestasinya sebagaimana ditentukan dalam perjanjian. Perjanjian Konstruksi Bangunan pada pembangunan Gedung Perpustakaan Grhatama Pustaka di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta dinilai telah terjadi wanprestasi. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui penyelesaian sengketa atas keterlambatan dalam pemenuhan prestasi pada pelaksanaan Perjanjian Konstruksi Bangunan berdasarkan Putusan Nomor: 87/Pdt.G/2013/PN.Bantul. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan yuridis normatif dengan menggunakan peraturan perundang-undangan dan yurisprudensi (putusan pengadilan). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penyelesaian sengketa atas keterlambatan dalam pemenuhan prestasi dilakukan secara litigasi melalui Pengadilan Negeri Bantul dengan Hasil Putusan mewajibkan kepada penyedia jasa untuk menyerahkan pekerjaan pembangunan gedung kepada pengguna jasa dalam keadaan layak dan baik serta diwajibkan membayar penggantian kerugian beserta bunga kepada pihak pengguna jasa.
Published: 3 March 2020
UIR Law Review, Volume 3, pp 50-58; doi:10.25299/uirlrev.2019.vol3(02).4557

Abstract:
Cultural disputes, and others, often occur between neighboring countries in Southeast Asia and can be the seeds of disharmony, of course, this is not desirable. Southeast Asia as a cultural scope that is interrelated in history, has local wisdom in resolving disputes, resolving this dispute is known as deliberation. Deliberation is an identity that must be prioritized as a wise cultural approach for the ASEAN community. The purpose of this study is to explore the local wisdom of Southeast Asian people in resolving disputes in their communities and implementing them as a solution for the ASEAN community. Recognizing each other as cultural origins often occur between Malaysian and Indonesian communities. As a nation of the same family, this is commonplace, but the most important thing is how to solve it. Interviewing the people of both countries is the first thing to do in looking at this problem, how they understand and see culture in their culture. Questionnaires are distributed as much as possible, each data obtained will be processed and classified according to nationality, education, age, and others. The findings will be a study to see the perspectives of the two countries in understanding history, culture, and cultural results in addressing the differences of opinion that occur. At least the description of the root of the problem is obtained, why this problem occurs, what are the main causes, how to understand it, how to react to it, and lead to the resolution of the dispute over ownership of culture itself
Irfan Ardiansyah
Published: 25 April 2019
UIR Law Review, Volume 3, pp 61-72; doi:10.25299/uirlrev.2019.vol3(01).2095

Nurhadi Nurhadi
Published: 1 December 2018
UIR Law Review, Volume 2, pp 414-414; doi:10.25299/uirlrev.2018.vol2(02).1841

Abstract:
Abstrak Zaman modern serta globalisasi digitalisasi mengantarkan manusia pada era baru, sehingga godaan demi godaan yang datang sebagai ujian dan kadang malapetaka bagi pelaku pernikahan. Sehingga tujuan pernikahan dalam Islam saat sekarang adalah sebagai upaya prefentif agar terpelihara dari perbuatan melanggar hukum (zina dan perbuatan keji). Kelangsungan kehidupan manusia yang sehat sehingga rumah tangga dipenuhi kasih sayang serta saling membantu keduanya untuk kemashlahatan dunia dan akhirat, juga upaya memelihara keutuhan manusia dari kerusakan akhlak dan moral (hifzh al-Nasl) dalam menjalani hidup saling berpasang sesuai fitrahnya. Peraturan hukum yang menentukan prosedur yang dilalui, juga ketentuan hukum dan akibat hukumnya disebut hukum perkawinan. Lalu bagaimana UU No.1 tahun 1974 tentang Perkawinan di tinjau dari maqashid syariah. Metode Penelitian ini menggunakan konsep kualitatif, dengan pendekatan yuridis normatif secara in-concreto dan singkronisasi hukum, dengan memakai metode contents analisis serta alat ukurnya kemaslahatan (maqasid syariah). Maqashid syariah UUP memuat tiga subtansi yaitu: 1). Maqashid al-Ammah: Tujuan perkawinan membentuk keluarga bahagia (samara) berdasar Ketuhanan Maha Esa (Allah) dan perlunya pencatatan maqashidnya li hifzu al-Din wa al-Nasl wa al-Kitabah wa al-Mashlahah (memlihara agama, keturunan dan tercacat demi kemaslahatan). 2). Maqashid al-Khassah: Fungsinya li al-Bayan al-Shahah fi al-Aqdi fi syiasyah al-Dauliyah (penegasan legalitas akad perkawinan secara hukum kenegaraan). 3). Maqashid al-Juziyah: Keadilanya li al-Adalati wa al-Hukmi baina al-Nas wa al-Khusus fi al-Muslim (keadilan semua umat khususnya muslim). Maqashid Kulliyah li hifzi al-Din (agama) wa al-Nafsi (jiwa) wa al-Aqli (akal) wa al-Nasl (keturunan) wa al-Mall (harta) wa al-'ardh (harga diri) dan al-'adl (keadilan) disempurnakan dengan al-kitabah (tertulis atau tercatat) supaya al-Ikhtiyari (sukarela), al-Amanah (menepati janji), al-Ikhtiyati (kehati-hatian), al-Luzum (tidak berubah), al-Taswiyah (kesetaraan), transparaansi, al-Taysir (kemudahan) dan iktikad baik dalam akad perkawinan serta konsensualisme, tujuan akhirnya untuk ibadah dan kemaslahatan yaitu Jalbul al-Mashalih wa Dar’ul al-Mafasid (menegakkan kemaslahatan dan menolak kemudratan).
Published: 1 December 2018
UIR Law Review, Volume 2, pp 370-370; doi:10.25299/uirlrev.2018.vol2(02).1551

Abstract:
The research was aimed at knowing the validity of the sales of paid apps by lending personal account (Apple ID) based on software lisence and the legal impact of selling paid apps by lending personal account (Apple ID). The research was a normative legal research. The approach used were statutory and conceptual approaches. Legal source used were primary, secondary, tertiary legal resources. Legal sources were collected by using literature study supplemented with interview. The collected legal sources were analyzed qualitatively. The research results indicate that the sales of paid apps by lending personal account (Apple ID) based on software lisence constitutes an illegal act because there is no right use transfer between Apple as the provider of apps that are available in App Store to the owner of Apple ID as the user of the application. The legal impact of the sales of paid apps by lending personal account constitutes branch of a contract which can be asked for liability based on Article 32 Law No 11 of 2008 concerning Information Electronic Transactions, Law No 28 of 2014 corcerning Copyright. And Terms and Condition provided by Apple Inc.The research was aimed at knowing the validity of the sales of paid apps by lending personal account (Apple ID) based on software lisence and the legal impact of selling paid apps by lending personal account (Apple ID). The research was a normative legal research. The approach used were statutory and conceptual approaches. Legal source used were primary, secondary, tertiary legal resources. Legal sources were collected by using literature study supplemented with interview. The collected legal sources were analyzed qualitatively. The research results indicate that the sales of paid apps by lending personal account (Apple ID) based on software lisence constitutes an illegal act because there is no right use transfer between Apple as the provider of apps that are available in App Store to the owner of Apple ID as the user of the application. The legal impact of the sales of paid apps by lending personal account constitutes branch of a contract which can be asked for liability based on Article 32 Law No 11 of 2008 concerning Information Electronic Transactions, Law No 28 of 2014 corcerning Copyright. And Terms and Condition provided by Apple Inc.
Yohanes Hermanto Sirait, Ai Permatasari
Published: 16 April 2018
UIR Law Review, Volume 2, pp 223-234; doi:10.25299/uirlrev.2018.2.01.1299

Abstract:
Abstrak Setiap Negara wajib menjamin ketersediaan pekerjaan bagi warga negaranya sehingga prioritas pekerja lokal utamanya dilakukan. Meskipun demikian, dengan disahkannya Masyarakat Ekonomi ASEAN (AEC) di awal tahun 2016 in ASEAN, setiap Negara anggota terikat untuk membuka kesempatan bagi tenaga kerja asing untuk bekerja di seluruh Negara anggota ASEAN. Kesepakatan ini dapat saja membawa pada suatu benturan antara kebiajakan nasional yang harus mengutamakan tenaga kerja lokal dengan kewajiban arus bebeas tenaga kerja di ASEAN, khususnya pekerjaan yang diatur dalam Mutual Recognition Arrangements (MRAs). Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji peraturan mengenai tenaga kerja asing dan implementasi prinsip non-diskriminasi berdasarkan kebangsaan di AEC. Penelitian ini tentunya berkaitan dengan peran Negara dalam menjamin stabilitas tenaga kerja asing dan kesuksesan dari AEC. Pada akhirnya, tulisan ini mendorong setiap Negara anggota ASEAN untuk melakukan harmonisasi guna membuat suatu standar baru bagi tenaga kerja asing berdasarkan MRAs. Kata kunci: Masyarakat Ekonomi ASEAN; Tenaga Kerja Asing; Kebangsaan; Prinsip Non-Diskriminasi
Irfan Ardian Syah
Published: 25 October 2017
UIR Law Review, Volume 1, pp 201-212; doi:10.25299/uirlrev.2017.1.02.752

Abstract:
Islam sebagaimana yang selama ini diyakini oleh pemeluknya merupakan agama yang sempurna dan kaffah. Ini berarti, Islam mencakup semua aspek yang ada dalam kehidupan manusia. Khilafah merupakan sistem pemerintahan yang bersifat universal yang meliputi seluruh dunia Islam yang mengintegrasikan agama dan politik, sehingga negara merupakan lembaga politik sekaligus agama. Meskipun sistem khilafah ideal karena dapat mempersatukan dunia Islam, tetapi sulit diwujudkan atau sebagai konsep ideal utopis. Islam tidak mewajibkan untuk menerapkan sistem khilafah. Tidak terdapat satu pun ayat al-Qur’an maupun hadits yang mewajibkan umat Islam untuk mendirikan khilafah.
Published: 25 April 2017
UIR Law Review, Volume 1, pp 25-38; doi:10.25299/ulr.2017.1.01.539

Abstract:
Pelaksanaan demokrasi di Indonesia dalam praktiknya menghadapi kendala yang bersifat politis dan ideologis. Sungguhpun demikian demokrasi sudah menjadi pilihan politik yang diyakini sebagai salah satu bentuk sistem politik terbaik untuk mencapai efektivitas penyelenggaraan pemerintahan negara. Akan tetapi setelah merdeka, praktik kehidupan demokrasi masih mengalami pasang surut seiring dengan dinamika perkembangan politik di Indonesia. Secara konseptual pemikiran demokrasi yang berkembang di Indonesia dipengaruhi oleh perkembangan pemikiran demokrasi di luar Indonesia, khususnya pemikiran demokrasi yang dikembangkan oleh elit intelektual pada masa pergerakan dan sesudahnya. Kata kunci: demokrasi dan ketatanegaraan. The implementation of democracy in Indonesia in practice had hindrance politically and ideologically. However, democracy had been political choice assumed as one of the best political system to achieve effectivity in performing the State. Yet, after independence, the living democracy practice still have to move high and low along with dynamic political growth in Indonesia. Conceptually, democracy’s thought developed in Indonesia affected by the development of foreign democracy’s though, especially thought of democracy developed by intellectual expert at the movement ages and subsequently. Keywords: Democracy and State system.
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