International Journal of Informatics and Communication Technology (IJ-ICT)

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2252-8776 / 2252-8776
Total articles ≅ 242
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Latest articles in this journal

Pooja Verma, Amrita Biswas, Swastika Chakraborty
International Journal of Informatics and Communication Technology (ij-Ict), Volume 11, pp 185-192;

Autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) models are used to predict the rain rate for orographic rainfall over a long period of time, from 1980 to 1918. As the orographic rainfall may cause landslides and other natural disaster issues, So, this study is very important for the analysis of rainfall prediction. In this research, statistical calculations have been done based on the rainfall data for twelve regions of India (Cherrapunji, Darjeling, Dawki, Ghum, Itanagar, Kamchenjunga, Mizoram, Nagaland, Pakyong, Saser Kangri, Slot Kangri, and Tripura) from the eight states, i.e., Sikkim, Meghalaya, West Bengal, Ladakh (Union Territory of India), Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Tripura, and Nagaland) with varying altitude. The model's output is assessed using several error calculations. The model's performance is represented by the fit value, which is reliable for the north-east region of India with increasing altitude. The statistical dependability of the rainfall prediction is shown by the parameters. The lowest value of root mean square error (RMSE) indicates better prediction for orographic rainfall.
Radha Guha,
International Journal of Informatics and Communication Technology (ij-Ict), Volume 11, pp 247-256;

When it comes to purchasing a product or attending an event, most people want to know what others think about it first. To construct a recommendation system, a user's likeness of a product can be measured numerically, such as a five-star rating or a binary like or dislike rating. If you don't have a numerical rating system, the product review text can still be used to make recommendations. Natural language comprehension is a branch of computer science that aims to make machines capable of natural language understanding (NLU). Negative, neutral, or positive sentiment analysis (SA) or opinion mining (OM) is an algorithmic method for automatically determining the polarity of comments and reviews based on their content. Emotional intelligence relies on text categorization to work. In the age of big data, there are countless ways to use sentiment analysis, yet SA remains a challenge. As a result of its enormous importance, sentiment analysis is a hotly debated topic in the commercial world as well as academic circles. When it comes to sentiment analysis tasks and text categorization, classical machine learning and newer deep learning algorithms are at the cutting edge of current technology.
Syahfrizal Tahcfulloh, Muttaqin Hardiwansyah
International Journal of Informatics and Communication Technology (ij-Ict), Volume 11, pp 218-228;

The subarray MIMO radar (SMIMO) is a multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) radar with elements in the form of a sub-array that acts as a phased array (PAR), so it combines at the same time the key advantage of the PAR radar, which is high directional gain to increase target range, and the key advantage of the MIMO radar, i.e., high diversity gains to increase the maximum number of detected targets. Different schemes for the number of antenna elements in the transceiver zones, such as uniform and/or variable, overlapped and non-overlapped, significantly determine the performance of radars as virtual arrays (VARs), maximum number of detected targets, accuracy of target angle, detection resolution, SNR detection, and detection probability. Performance is also compared with the PAR, the MIMO, and the phased MIMO radars (PMIMO). The SMIMO radar offers great versatility for radar applications, being able to adapt to different shapes of the multiple targets to be detected and their environment. For example, for a transmit-receive with an antenna element number, i.e., M = N = 8, the range of the number of detected targets for the SMIMO radar is flexible compared to the other radars. On the other hand, the proposed radar's signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) detection performance and detection probability (K = 5, L = 3) are both 1,999 and above 90%, which are better than other radars.
Muhammad Awais, Qamar Abbas, Shehbaz Tariq, Sayyaf Haider Warraich
International Journal of Informatics and Communication Technology (ij-Ict), Volume 11, pp 177-184;

In the past years trend of microgrids is increasing very fast to reduce peak-hour costs. However, in these systems, third parties are still involved in selling surplus energy. This results in increased cost of energy and there are many operational and security barriers in such systems. These issues can be solved by the decentralized distributed system of microgrids where a consumer can locally sell their surplus energy to another consumer. To deploy such a system, one must consider security barriers for the transaction of energy. This paper proposes a solution to these problems by devising a scheme as a marketplace where users interact with each other to buy and sell energy at better rates and get energy-generating resources on lease so that users do not have to worry about capital investment. Agreement between owner of resources and consumer is recorded on blockchain based smart contracts. In this paper, a survey is performed for existing well known, decentralized energy solutions. This paper also proposes an extra layer of security to leverage a shielded execution environment so that information of energy generated, utilized, and shared cannot be changed by consumers and third parties even if the system is compromised.
Bonaventure Onyeka Ekengwu, Paulinus Chinaenye Eze, Christopher Nnaemeka Asiegbu, , Chimezie Felix Udechukwu
International Journal of Informatics and Communication Technology (ij-Ict), Volume 11, pp 206-217;

The positioning control of a dish antenna mounted on distributed mobile telemedicine nodes (DMTNs) within Nigeria communicating via NigComSat-1R has been presented. It was desired to improve the transient and steady performance of satellite dish antenna and reduce the effect of delay during satellite communication. In order to overcome this, the equations describing the dynamics of the antenna positioning system were obtained and transformed into state space variable equations. A full state feedback controller was developed with forward path gain and an observer. The proposed controller was introduced into the closed loop of the dish antenna positioning control system. The system was subjected to unit step forcing function in MATLAB/Simulink simulation environment considering three different cases so as to obtain time domain parameters that characterized the transient and steady state response performances. The simulation results obtained revealed that the introduction of the full state feedback controller provided improved position tracking to unit step input with a rise time of 0.42 s, settling time of 1.22 s and overshoot of 4.91%. With the addition of observer, the rise time achieved was 0.39 s, settling time of 1.31 s, and overshoot of 10.7%. The time domain performance comparison of the proposed system with existing systems revealed its superiority over them.
Raefat Jalila El Bakouchi, Abdelilah Ghammaz
International Journal of Informatics and Communication Technology (ij-Ict), Volume 11, pp 240-246;

This paper describes the findings of a research into the multiple input multiple output (MIMO) channel capacity of a broadband dual-element printed inverted F-antenna (PIFA) antenna array. The dual-element antenna array is made up of two PIFAs that are meant to fit on a teeny-tiny and small wireless communication device that runs at 5 GHz. The device's frequency range is between 3.5 and 4.5 GHz. These PIFAs are also loaded into the device during the installation process. In order to investigate the channel capacity, the ray tracing method is employed in two different kinds of circumstances. For the purpose of carrying out this analysis of the channel capacity, both the simulated and measured mutual couplings of the broadband MIMO antenna are utilized.
Shipun Anuar Hamzah, Mohd Noh Dalimin, Mohamad Md Som, Mohd Shamian Zainal, Khairun Nidzam Ramli, Wahyu Mulyo Utomo, Nor Azizi Yusoff
International Journal of Informatics and Communication Technology (ij-Ict), Volume 11, pp 229-239;

The use of smoke sensors in high-precision and low-cost forest fire detection kits needs to be developed immediately to assist the authorities in monitoring forest fires especially in remote areas more efficiently and systematically. The implementation of automatic reclosing operation allows the fire detector kit to distinguish between real smoke and non-real smoke successfully. This has profitably reduced kit errors when detecting fires and in turn prevent the users from receiving incorrect messages. However, using a smoke sensor with automatic reclosing operation has not been able to optimize the accuracy of identifying the actual smoke due to the working sensor node situation is difficult to predict and sometimes unexpected such as the source of smoke received. Thus, to further improve the accuracy when detecting the presence of smoke, the system is equipped with two digital cameras that can capture and send pictures of fire smoke to the users. The system gives the users choice of three interesting options if they want the camera to capture and send pictures to them, namely request, smoke trigger and movement for security purposes. In all cases, users can request the system to send pictures at any time. The system equipped with this camera shows the accuracy of smoke detection by confirming the actual smoke that has been detected through images sent in the user’s Telegram channel and on the Graphical User Interface (GUI) display. As a comparison of the system before and after using this camera, it was found that the system that uses the camera gives advantage to the users in monitoring fire smoke more effectively and accurately.
Prashant Sangulagi, Sangamesh J Kalyane, Arvind M Bhavikatti, Shivpuje Pooja Sharad
International Journal of Informatics and Communication Technology (ij-Ict), Volume 11, pp 96-104;

Mobile apps of various kinds continue to emerge as smartphones become more popular and mobile telecommunication matures. NFC is the most common wireless technology used in smartphones presently. It is used in mobile devices having built-in NFC to allow consumers to input payments, receive messages, and do nearer device recognition, among other things. The paper proposes the NFC technology-based food ordering system for all the customers who want to have food at their residence only. The results show that the application works properly in finding the nearby restaurants and completing the food order without any hustle.
Mohammad Quamruzzaman, Shohag Hossain, S. M. Sahidur Rahaman, Munima Haque
International Journal of Informatics and Communication Technology (ij-Ict), Volume 11, pp 116-127;

Just after the invention of electricity by Michael Faraday, there has been a revolution in the communication technology, which lead to the invention of radio, television, radar, satellite, and mobile. While these machines transformed our life high quality, safer and simpler, they have been associated with alarming probable health hazards owing to their electromagnetic radiation (EMR) emission. Couple of cases it has been reported by personals regarding various health related issues relating to exposure on electromagnetic field (EMF) and EMR. Although couple of persons showed light symptoms and respond by avoiding the electrical field (EF) and EMR fields as much as possible, some others are so much affected that they have changed their entire lifestyle. In this paper, empirical survey study has been carried out in the laboratories of Daffodil International University (DIU) main and permanent campus. It was found that some of the instrument had higher EMFs. The findings from this survey may be helpful for the students to take precautionary measurement who work for long duration in the various laboratories for their practical classes and for the users of the domestic appliances as well as office equipment and industrial instruments.
Ehab Juma Adwan, Ali Al-Soufi
International Journal of Informatics and Communication Technology (ij-Ict), Volume 11, pp 160-176;

Building on a coincided in progress paper, this paper constructs and evaluate an information systems architecture (ISA) model for the Bahraini architecture, engineering and construction (AEC) sector, from the lens of enterprise architecture (EA). This model acts as an information and communication technology (ICT) barometer tool to identify and benchmark the ICT’s gaps, duplicative levels, and future investments. Following the design science research, this paper and throughout a utilization of a tailored version of the open group architectural framework (TOGAF), embedded into a rigorous case study approach, the construction, testing, and evaluation of the conceptual ISA model is approached to benchmark the ICT measurement. Empirically, the study revealed the appropriateness of the model and the ability to identify the availability of 28 groups of 38 individual ICT applications in the Bahraini AEC sector and benchmark them to score an average of 18.5% against 17 countries that scored an average of 18.6%.
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