Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 1412-4939 / 2502-7085
Published by: Diponegoro University (10.14710)
Total articles ≅ 159
Current Coverage
DOAJ
Archived in
SHERPA/ROMEO
Filter:

Latest articles in this journal

Nuraini Nuraini, Suhartono Suhartono, Mursid Raharjo
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia, Volume 21, pp 210-218; https://doi.org/10.14710/jkli.21.2.210-218

Abstract:
Latar Belakang:Tuberkulosis adalah penyakit yang ditularkan oleh bakteri Mycrobacterium tuberculosis. Berdasarkan laporan, penyakit tuberkulosis masuk dalam sepuluh penyakit penyebab kematian tertinggi di dunia yaitu sebesar 1,3 juta. Berdasarkan data, kasus tuberkulosis di Indonesia kecenderungan mengalami penurunan pada tahun 2020. Meskipun demikian tuberkulosis masih menjadi permasalahan kesehatan di beberapa daerah termasuk di Kabupaten Banyumas. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk menganalisa hubungan faktor lingkungan fisik dalam rumah dan perilaku kesehatan dengan kejadian tuberkulosis paru di Purwokerto Selatan Banyumas. Metode: Penelitian ini adalah observasi analitik dengan desain Case Control study yaitu menganalisa dan melakukan perbandingan adanya pengaruh antara kasus dan kontrol yang dilihat dari faktor risikonya Penelitian dilakukan di Purwokerto Selatan pada bulan Nopember – Desember tahun 2021. Populasi penelitian ini adalah semua penderita tuberkulosis tahun 2020. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan teknik purposive sampling yaitu penderita TB paru dengan usia ≥ 15 sebagai sampel dengan perbandingan kasus dan kontrol yang sama yaitu 1/1 dan total sebanyak 74 sampel. Pengumpulan data melalui pengukuran, wawancara dan pengamatan. Analisa data dilakukan secara bivariate (chi-square)  dan multivariat (regresi logistic). Hasil: Analisis penelitian menghasilkan bahwa suhu, kelembaban, pencahayaan, luas ventilasi, kepadatan hunian, pengetahuan, sikap, dan tindakan mempunyai hubungan bermakna dengan kejadian tuberkulosis paru karena nilai p value < 0.05. Adapun variabel paling dominan adalah ventilasi, suhu dan tindakan. Simpulan: Variabel yang mempunyai pengaruh besar terhadap kejadian tuberkulosis paru di Purwokerto Selatan adalah ventilasi. ABSTRACT Title: Relationship of Physical Environmental Factors in the Home and Health Behaviot With The Incidence of Pulmonary TB South Purwokerto Banyumas Background: tuberculosis is a disease transmitted by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Based on repots, tuberculosis is included in the ten highest causes of death in the world, namely 1.3 million. Based on the data, tuberculosis cases in Indonesia tend to decrease in 2020. However, tuberculosis is still a helath problem in several areas, including in Banyumas Regency. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between physical environmental factors in the home and healt behavior with the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis in Purwokerto Selatan Banyumas. Method: This research is an analytic observation with a Case Control Study design, which analyzes and compares the influence between cases and controls in terms of risk factors. The study was conducted in Purwokero Selatan in November – Desember 2021. The population of this study were all tuberculosis patients in 2020. Sampling was carried out using purposive sampling technique, namely pulmonary TB patients aged 15 as samples with the sama ratio of cases and controls, namely 1/1 and a total of 74 samples. Collecting data through measurements, interview and observations. Data analysis was performed by bivariate (chi-square) and multivariate (logistical regression). Result: The research analysis showed that temperature, humidity, lighting, ventilation area, occupancy density, knowledge, attitudes, and actions had a significant relationship with the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis because the p value <0.05. The most dominant variables are ventilation, temperature and action. Conclusion: The variable that has a major influence on the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis in Purwokerto Selatan is ventilation.
Cicik Oktasari Handayani, Sukarjo Sukarjo, Triyani Dewi, Hidayatuz Zu’Amah
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia, Volume 21, pp 225-234; https://doi.org/10.14710/jkli.21.2.225-234

Abstract:
Latar belakang: Beras merupakan salah satu makanan pokok masyarakat Indonesia sehingga perlu adanya jaminan keamanan pada beras khususnya bebas dari cemaran logam berat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kandungan konsentrasi logam berat pada beras yang ditanam pada lahan pertanian di Kabupaten Bandung dan menganalisis risiko kesehatan masyarakat yang mengkonsumsi beras tersebut. Metode: penentuan lokasi pengambilan contoh dilakukan dengan metode purposive sampling pada lahan pertanian yang siap panen di beberapa kecamatan di Kabupaten Bandung dengan jumlah contoh beras sebanyak 26 sampel. Analisis logam berat yang dilakukan adalah analisis logam berat Pb, Cd, Cr, Ni, Co, Cu dan Zn dengan ekstrak HNO3:HClO4 dan diukur menggunakan Atomic Absorbption Spectrophotometer (AAS). Analisis probabilistik penilaian risiko kesehatan masyarakat dilakukan dengan menganalisis nilai estimated daily intake (EDI), estimated weekly intake (EWI), risiko non-karsinogenik dan risiko karsinogenik. Hasil: semua contoh beras mengandung logam berat Cr, Co, Cu dan Zn dengan nilai konsentrasi berturut-turut berkisar antara 0.64-2.28 mgkg-1, 1.18-2.66 mgkg-1, 0.64-3.47 mgkg-1 dan 5.44-8.69 mgkg-1. Konsentrasi logam Cu pada contoh beras yang diambil pada lahan pertanian kawasan industri berbeda nyata dengan contoh beras di luar kawasan industri dengan nilai p sebesar 0.014. Risiko non-karsinogenik yang ditimbulkan jika mengkonsumsi beras dari lahan pertanian Kabupaten Bandung tidak mungkin untuk terjadi karena nilai hazard index (HI) menunjukkan angka remaja (0.0370)>dewasa (0.0259)>manula (0.0281) dan risiko karsinogenik juga menunjukkan nilai yang dapat ditoleransi karena di bawah 10-4 untuk semua katogeri umur (anak-anak, remaja, dewasa, manula) dengan nilai cancer risk (CR) berturut-turut sebesar 6.15x10-7, 6.72x10-7, 2.53x10-6 dan 2.74x10-6. Simpulan: beras yang dihasilkan dari lahan pertanian di Kabupaten Bandung aman untuk dikonsumsi oleh masyarakat karena risiko kesehatan yang ditimbulkan masih dapat ditoleransi ABSTRACTTitle: Heavy Metals and Probabilistic Risk Assessment Via Rice Consumption From Rice Fields in Upstream of The Citarum River Background: Rice is one of the staple foods of the Indonesian people, so it is necessary to guarantee the safety of rice, especially free from heavy metal contamination. This study aims to determine the concentration of heavy metals in rice grown on agricultural land in Bandung Regency and analyze the health risks of the people who consume the rice. Method: the determination of location of sampling was carried out by purposive sampling method on agricultural land that was ready for harvest in several sub-districts in Bandung Regency with a total of 26 samples of rice. Heavy metal analysis carried out was heavy metal analysis of Pb, Cd, Cr, Ni, Co, Cu and Zn with HNO3:HClO4 extract and measured using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS). Probabilistic analysis of public health risk assessment was carried out by analyzing the estimated daily intake (EDI), estimated weekly intake (EWI), non-carcinogenic risk and carcinogenic risk.Results: all rice samples contained Cr, Co, Cu and Zn metals with concentration values ranging from 0.64-2.28 mgkg-1, 1.18-2.66 mgkg-1, 0.64-3.47 mgkg-1 and 5.44-8.69 mgkg-1, respectively. The concentration of Cu metal in rice samples taken on agricultural land in industrial areas was significantly different from rice samples outside industrial areas with a p value of 0.01. The non-carcinogenic risk caused by consuming rice from agricultural land in Bandung Regency is unlikely to occur because the hazard index (HI) value shows the number <1, the HI values are children (0.0880)>adolescents (0.0370)>adults (0.0259 )> the elderly (0.0281)and the carcinogenic risk also shows a value that can be tolerated because it was below 10-4for all age categories (children, adolescents, adults and the elderly) with a cancer risk (CR) value of 6.15x10-7, 6.72x10-7, 2.53x10-6 and 2.74x10-6.Conclution: Rice produced from agricultural land in Bandung Regency is safe for consumption by the community because the health risks caused are still tolerable.
Betty Epy Andani,
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia, Volume 21, pp 200-209; https://doi.org/10.14710/jkli.21.2.200-209

Abstract:
Latar belakang: Sampah merupakan masalah lingkungan yang masih terjadi di DIY. Kabupaten Bantul pada tahun 2020 menyumbang sampah sebanyak 526.08 ton/hari, sedangkan daya tampung TPS Piyungan hanya dapat menampung sekitar 500 ton/hari. Usaha yang diterapkan pemerintah daerah salah satunya dengan menerapkan peraturan pengelolaan sampah pada bank sampah. Bank sampah menjadi salah satu poin yang penting dalam upaya mengurangi permasalahan sampah di DIY. Proses bisnis yang dilakukan bank sampah diarahkan dalam upaya mengurangi, menggunakan kembali dan mendaur ulang sampah. Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu mengetahui dan mengkaji pengelolaan bank sampah melalui Rumah Pilah Alam Lestari di Dusun Ceme. Metode: Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif kualitatif. Instrumen penelitian yang digunakan yaitu panduan observasi serta wawancara. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan purposive sampling. Subyek penelitian adalah pengurus dan nasabah bank sampah. Teknik pengambilan data digunakan metode observasi dan wawancara. Hasil: Bank Sampah Alam Lestari melibatkan masyarakat sekitar dalam melakukan praktik pengelolaan sampah. Kegiatan yang dilakukan meliputi pemilahan sampah, penyetoran sampah, pembuatan pupuk kompos, pembuatan ecoenzim dan pembuatan kerajinan dari sampah. Proses pelibatan masyarakat dalam mengelola sampah dilakukan melalui sosialisasi dan pelatihan dari pengurus bank sampah kepada masyarakat. Selain itu pengelola bank sampah melakukan koordinasi dan kerja sama dengan dinas lingkungan hidup agar proses pelibatan masyarakat dalam mengelola sampah dapat lebih optimal khususnya dalam menghadapi berbagai kendala yang muncul. Adanya bank sampah ini juga memberikan dampak yang baik dari sisi kesehatan, sosial ekonomi, pendidikan dan kemitraan. Simpulan: Kegitan Bank Sampah difokuskan pada pengelolaan sampah dengan melibatkan masyarakat. Kendala operasional yang dialami Bank Sampah Alam Lestari berasal dari internal dan eksternal. Dampak positif dari kegiatan bank sampah adalah dampak kesehatan, sosial ekonomi, pendidikan dan mitra/stacholder. Dampak negatif dari kegiatan bank sampah yaitu sarana prasarana yang minim dan adanya timbunan sampah di bank sampah. ABSTRACT Title: Waste Bank Management Through Rumah Pilah Alam Lestari in Ceme Hamlet, Bantul Regency, YogyakartaBackground:Garbage is an environmental problem that still occurs in DIY. Bantul Regency in 2020 contributed 526.08 tons of waste/day, while the capacity of Piyungan TPS can only accommodate about 500 tons/day. One of the efforts implemented by the local government is to apply waste management regulations at waste banks. The waste bank is one of the important points in an effort to reduce the waste problem in DIY. The business processes carried out by the waste bank are directed at reducing, reusing and recycling waste. This research is aimed at knowing and assessing the management of the Pilah Alam Lestari waste bank in Ceme Hamlet..Method:The research method used is descriptive qualitative. The research instrument used is an observation guide and interviews. The sampling technique used was purposive sampling. The research subjects were the management and customers of the waste bank. Data collection techniques used observation and interview methods.Result : The Alam Lestari Waste Bank involves the surrounding community in carrying out waste management practices. Activities carried out include sorting waste, depositing waste, making compost, making ecoenzymes and making handicrafts from waste. The process of involving the community in managing waste is carried out through socialization and training from waste bank administrators to the community. In addition, the waste bank manager coordinates and cooperates with the environmental service so that the process of community involvement in managing waste can be more optimal, especially in dealing with various obstacles that arise. The existence of this waste bank also has a good impact in terms of health, socio-economics, education and partnerships.Conclusion: Waste Bank activities are focused on waste management by involving the community. Operational constraints experienced by the Alam Lestari Waste Bank come from internal and external sources. The positive impact of waste bank activities was the impact on health, socio-economics, education and partners/stacholders. The negative impact of waste bank activities was minimal infrastructure and the presence of piles of garbage in the waste bank.. 
Editor Editor
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia, Volume 21; https://doi.org/10.14710/jkli.21.2.vi

Bahri Bahri, Mursid Raharjo, Suhartono Suhartono
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia, Volume 21, pp 170-179; https://doi.org/10.14710/jkli.21.2.170-179

Abstract:
Latar belakang:Kejadian kasus penyakit pneumonia merupakan urutan kedua masalah utama yang menyebabkan 277 kematian pada kelompok anak usia 29 hari hingga usia 11 bulan di Indonesia. Prevalensi kejadian kasus pneumonia tertinggi sejumlah 13,7% di Kabupaten Banyumas terdapat di daerah binaan Puskesmas Baturraden II. Penelitian dilakukan untuk menganalisis keberadaan hubungan kondisi fisik lingkungan rumah dan angka kuman udara pada kejadian kasus pneumonia balita. Metode: Desain dalampenelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kasus kontrol. Popupasi terdiri atas balita yang tercatat tinggal di daerah binaan Puskesmas Baturraden II pada waktu penelitian dilakukan. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan purposive sampling dengan sampel umur 1-5 tahun, perbandingan sampel kasus dengan kontrol 1:1, sehingga total berjumlah 130 sampel. Data dikumpulkan dengan cara wawancara dan pengamatan dengan instrumen. Data penelitian dianalisis menggunakan program komputer dengan uji chi square (bivariat) dan uji regresi logistik (multivariat). Hasil: Hasil analisis menunjukan variabel kepadatan hunian, kelembapan rumah, jenis lantai rumah intensitas cahaya dan angka kuman udara memiliki hubungan yang signifikan pada kejadian kasus penyakit pneumonia balita. Hasil analisis multivariat menyimpulkan bahwa angka kuman udara menjadi variabel paling besar dalam mempengaruhi terjadinya pneumonia pada balita dengan nilai OR paling besar yaitu 4,613.Simpulan:Hasil analisis membuktikan bahwa ada hubungan antara variabel lingkungan fisik rumah kepadatan hunian, kelembapan rumah, jenis lantai rumah, intensitas cahaya dan angka kuman udara dengan kejadian kasus penyakit pneumonia pada balita.  ABSTRACT Title: The Relationship Between Physical Conditions of The Home Environment and The Number of Bacteria With The Incidence of Toddlers Pneumonia (Study In The Working Area of Baturraden II Public Health Center Banyumas)Background:The incidence of pneumonia cases is the second major problem that causes 277 deaths in the group of children aged 29 days to 11 months in Indonesia. The highest prevalence of pneumonia cases of 13.7% in Banyumas Regency was in the target area of Baturraden II Public Health Center. The study was conducted to analyze the relationship between the physical condition of the home environment and the number of bacteria in the incidence of pneumonia cases in toddlers.Method:The design in this study used a case control. The population consisted of toddlers who were recorded as living in the target area of the Baturraden II Public Health Center at the time the study was conducted. The sampling technique used purposive sampling with samples aged 1-5 years, the comparison of case samples with controls was 1:1, so that the total number of samples was 130. Data were collected by means of interviews and observations with instruments. Research data were analyzed using a computer program with chi square test (bivariate) and logistic regression test (multivariate).Result: The results of the analysis showed that the variables of occupancy density, house humidity, type of house floor, light intensity and air of bacteria had a significant relationship with the incidence of pneumonia cases in toddlers. The results of the multivariate analysis concluded that the number of bacteria was the biggest variable in influencing the occurrence of pneumonia in toddlers with the largest OR value of 4.613.Conclusion:The results of the analysis prove that there is a relationship between the physical environment variables of the house, residential density, house humidity, type of house floor, light intensity and airborne germ numbers with the incidence of pneumonia cases in toddlers.
Ayun Sriatmi, Lina Dwi Yoga Pramana
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia, Volume 21, pp 235-244; https://doi.org/10.14710/jkli.21.2.235-244

Abstract:
Latar belakang: Dampak pandemi Covid-19 menurunkan jumlah kunjungan ke Puskesmas di Kabupaten Demak dari 141,2% (2020) menjadi 69,5% (2021). Kebijakan pembatasan sosial menuntut Puskesmas menyediakan sarana fisik dan mekanisme layanan dengan batasan-batasan tertentu yang mempengaruhi kepuasan. Keengganan berkunjung juga dikarenakan lingkungan fisik dan sarana prasarana dianggap kurang memuaskan. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis pengaruh faktor lingkungan fisik dan dimensi tangibles pelayanan terhadap niat berkunjung ulang ke Puskesmas. Metode: Penelitian kuantitatif dengan desain cross-sectional. Populasi targetnya semua pasien yang berkunjung ke Puskesmas. Populasi terjangkau yaitu pasien yang berkunjung ke Puskesmas Dempet dan Karangawen-I. Total sampel 332 orang yang dipilih menggunakan teknik purposive sampling. Variabel bebas pada faktor lingkungan fisik: kondisi gedung dan bangunan, kondisi ruangan, sarana transportasi, sedangkan dimensi tangibles: alur pelayanan, ketenagaan, waktu tunggu. Variabel terikatnya niat kunjungan ulang ke Puskesmas. Analisis bivariat dengan uji Chi-Square. Selanjutnya, analisis multivariat dengan regresi logistik berganda Hasil:Sebanyak 57,5% responden berniat berkunjung ulang ke Puskesmas. Proporsi responden yang menyatakan lingkungan fisik dan dimensi tangibles kurang baik berada pada kisaran 44,6%-49,4%. Variabel kondisi gedung dan bangunan, kondisi ruangan, sarana transportasi, alur pelayanan, dan ketenagaan secara parsial berhubungan dengan niat kunjungan ulang (p<0,05). Variabel kondisi gedung dan bangunan, sarana transportasi dan ketenagaan secara simultan mempengaruhi niat berkunjung ulang. Simpulan: Faktor lingkungan fisik dan dimensi tangibles secara parsial maupun simultan mempengaruhi niat berkunjung ulang ke Puskesmas. Secara bertahap Puskesmas perlu meningkatkan kebersihan dan kenyamanan lingkungan (gedung, bangunan, ruangan, termasuk area parkir), memperbaiki sanitasi dan prasarana fisik, serta performansi petugas dalam memberikan pelayanan. ABSTRACT Title: Physical Environmental Factors and Tangible Dimension of Services on Revisiting Intention into Health Center in Demak RegencyBackground:Impact of Covid-19 pandemic have reduced visiting numbers into Health Centre in Demak Regency from 141.2% (2020) to 69.5% (2021). The social restriction policy required PHC to provide physical facilities and service mechanisms with certain limitations that affected satisfaction. The reluctance to visit because physical environment and infrastructure were considered unsatisfactory. The study aims to analyze effect of physical environment and tangibles dimensions of services on revisiting intention into PHC.Method:It's quantitative research with cross-sectional design. Target population were all patients who visiting PHC and affordable population were patients who visit into PHC of Dempet and Karangawen-I. Total sample 332 people were selected using purposive sampling technique. Independent variables on tangibles dimension were: services flow, personnel and waiting time, as well as dimensions of physical environment were: building conditions, room conditions, and transportation facilities. Dependent variable was revisiting intention into PHC. Bivariate analysis with Chi-Square test and multivariate with multiple logistic regression.Result:As many as 57.5% of respondents intend revisiting into PHC. Respondents proportion who stated that physical environment and tangibles dimensions were not good were in range of 44.6%-49.4%. Variables of building condition, rooms condition, transportation facilities, services flow and personnel were partially related to revisiting intention into PHC (p <0.05). Variables of building condition, transportation facilities and personnel simultaneously affected revisiting intention.Conclusion:.Physical environmental factors and tangible dimensions partially or simultaneously affected revisiting intention into PHC. Gradually, PHC need improving environments cleanliness and comfort (building, rooms, including parking areas), improving sanitation and maintenance physical infrastructure as well as health workers performance in providing services.
Adilah Julinar Irianti, Diana Chusna Mufida, Muhammad Ali Shodikin, Yudha Nurdian, Bagus Hermansyah, Angga Mardro Raharjo
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia, Volume 21, pp 180-187; https://doi.org/10.14710/jkli.21.2.180-187

Abstract:
Latar belakang:Berdasarkan data Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Patrang didapatkan sebanyak 2964 kasus diare pada tahun 2020 di Kabupaten Jember. Diare dapat terjadi akibat infeksi bakteri Salmonella spp. yang menular secara oral fecal. Bakteri Salmonella spp seringkali mencemari bahan pangan terutama sayuran. Sementara itu, masyarakat Indonesia sering mengonsumsi sayuran mentah yang disebut dengan lalapan mentah. Kontaminasi bakteri pada lalapan mentah dapat disebabkan oleh kondisi higiene penjual yang kurang baik yang dipengaruhi oleh beberapa faktor, seperti pengetahuan keamanan pangan penjual. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan pengetahuan keamanan pangan dengan higiene penjual dan kontaminan Salmonella spp pada lalapan mentah di Kecamatan Patrang. Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan metode observasional analitik dengan desain penelitian cross sectional, dan data dianalisis menggunakan uji Spearman Rank. Sampel ditentukan dengan teknik simple random sampling dengan jumlah sampel 30 penjual. Hasil: Hasil penelitian menemukan bahwa 83,3% penjual memiliki pengetahuan keamanan pangan yang baik, 46,7% penjual memiliki higiene personal yang cukup, dan 80% lalapan mentah terkontaminasi Salmonella spp. Pada uji analisis Spearman Rank tidak didapatkan hasil yang signifikan antara pengetahuan keamanan pangan dengan higiene penjual (0,721>0,05) dan tidak ada hasil yang signifikan antara pengetahuan keamanan pangan dengan Salmonella spp (0,235>0,05). Simpulan: Dapat disimpulkan bahwa tidak ada hubungan pengetahuan keamanan pangan dengan higiene penjual dan Salmonella spp pada lalapan mentah di Kecamatan Patrang. ABSTRACT Title: Relation of Food Safety Knowledge, Seller Hygiene, and Salmonella spp on Raw Lalapan in Patrang DistrictBackground: Based on data from the Patrang Health Center Work Area, there were 2964 cases of diarrhea in 2020 in Jember Regency. Diarrhea can occur due to infection with Salmonella spp. which is transmitted oral fecal.Salmonella spp can contaminate food especially vegetables. Meanwhile, Indonesian people often consume vegetables salad called raw lalapan. Raw lalapan contamination can caused by seller poor hygiene that influenced by several factors, such as their food safety knowledge. This study aims to determine the relation of food safety knowledge with seller hygiene and Salmonella spp contaminants on raw lalapan in Patrang District.Method:This study used an analytical observational method with a cross sectional study design, and the data were analyzed using Spearman Rank test. The sample was determined by a simple random sampling technique with a sample of 30 sellers.Result: The study found that 83.3% seller had good food safety knowledge, 46.7% seller had sufficient personal hygiene, and 80% of raw lalapan  were contaminated with Salmonella spp. In the Spearman Rank analysis test, there were no significant results between food safety knowledge and seller hygiene (0.721>0.05) and no significant results between food safety knowledge and Salmonella spp contaminants (0.235>0 ,05).Conclusion:So, it can be concluded that there was no relation of food safety knowledge with seller hygiene and Salmonella spp contaminants in raw vegetables in Patrang District.
Windy Cintya Dewi, Mursid Raharjo, Nur Endah Wahyuningsih
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia, Volume 21, pp 162-169; https://doi.org/10.14710/jkli.21.2.162-169

Abstract:
Latar belakang: Perkembangan Covid-19 dengan persebarannya dari manusia ke manusia yang semakin meluas baik di dunia maupun Indonesia membuat Kementerian Kesehatan melalui Kantor Kesehatan Pelabuhan Semarang (KKP Semarang) turut serta berupaya mendukung pencegahan makin meluasnya persebaran Covid 19. Upaya menimalisir penyebaran virus Covid 19 ini telah dilakukan, salah satu adalah dengan program vaksinasi. KKP Semarang merupakan salah satu pos pelayanan percepatan vaksinasi di Kementerian Kesehatan yang tentunya memiliki potensi bagi pegawainya untuk terpapar kuman udara karena bekerja dalam waktu yang cukup lama dalam ruangan yang menjadi tempat berkumpulnya para pengguna jasa yang melakukan pelayanan sehingga perlu dilakukan pengukuran besar risiko paparan kuman udara pada pegawai KKP Semarang. Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian obseravional, dengan melakukan pengamatan, wawancara kepada responden dan pengambilan sampel udara di KKP Semarang untuk menghitung angka kuman udara. Penentuan responden dengan menggunakan metode simple random sampling yaitu berjumlah 96 orang dan jumlah sampel udara yang diambil sebanyak 58 sampel yang diambil di seluruh wilayah KKP Semarang, pengambilan sampel ini dilakukan pada ruangan yang berpotensi sebagai tempat aktifitas pegawai dan ruangan tempat pelayanan, baik yang berlokasi di Induk maupun Wilker yang berjumlah 8 wilker. Dilaksanakan di bulan September-Oktober 2021. Pengolahan dan analisa data menggunakan metode MRA (Microbial Risk Assessment) untuk menentukan besarnya risiko paparan yang diterima oleh pegawai KKP Semarang. Hasil: Tahapan dalam MRA meliputi tahapan identifikasi bahaya, analisis pajanan, analisis dosis respon dan karakterisasi risiko. Hasil dari pengukuran angka kuman yang telah dilakukan pada 58 sampel, dengan hasil sebagian besar sampel udara memiliki angka kuman udara di atas nilai standar sebesar 500 CFU/m3 per hari seperti yang telah ditetapkan American Conference of Govermental Industrial Hygienist (ACGIH) dan Permenkes No 1077 tahun 2011 yaitu < 700 CFU/m3. Rata-rata angka kuman udara tertinggi ada di Wilker Pelabuhan Tegal yaitu 1.831 CFU/m3 dengan dosis pajanan tertinggi di Wilker Bandara Adisoemarmo 52,08 CFU/kg/hari. Dan nilai HQ tertinggi di Wilker Pelabuhan Tegal yaitu sebesar 7,78 (HQ > 1). Simpulan: Hasil dari analisis MRA (Microbial Risk Assessment) dapat disimpulkan bahwa tingkat risiko paparan kuman udara di KKP Semarang tidak aman bagi pegawai sehingga perlu dilakukan pengendalian dari risiko paparan kuman udara ini terhadap pegawai melalui penerapan alur pelayanan yang sesuai serta pemakaian Alat Pelindung Diri bagi semua pegawai. ABSTRACT Title: Microbiological Risk Analysis of Indoor Air at the Port Health Office of Semarang during the Covid 19 PandemicBackground: The development of Covid-19 with its spread from human to human, which is increasingly widespread both in the world and in Indonesia, has made the Ministry of Health through the Semarang Port Health Office (KKP Semarang) take part in efforts to support the prevention of the wider spread of Covid 19. Efforts to minimize the spread of the Covid 19 virus have been carried out , one of which is the vaccination program. KKP Semarang is one of the vaccination acceleration service posts at the Ministry of Health which certainly has the potential for its employees to be exposed to airborne germs because they work for a long time in a room where service users gather for services, so it is necessary to measure the risk of exposure to airborne germs. to Semarang KKP employees.Method:This research is an observational study, by conducting observations, interviews with respondents and taking air samples at the KKP Semarang to calculate the number of airborne germs. Determination of respondents using the simple random sampling method, which is 96 people and the number of air samples taken is 58 samples taken throughout the KKP Semarang area, this sampling is carried out in a room that has the potential as a place for employee activities and rooms where services are located, both located in Parent and Wilker, totaling 8 wilker. Held in September-October 2021. Processing and analyzing data using the MRA (Microbial Risk Assessment) method to determine the amount of exposure risk received by Semarang KKP employees.Result:The stages in the MRA include the stages of hazard identification, exposure analysis, dose response analysis and risk characterization. The results of the measurement of germ numbers that have been carried out on 58 samples, with the result that most of the air samples have airborne germ numbers above the standard value of 500 CFU/m3per day as determined by the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienist (ACGIH) and Minister of Health Regulation No. 1077 in 2011 which is < 700 CFU/m3.CFUThe highest average number of airborne germs is at Wilker Port of Tegal, which is 1,831 /m3 with the highest exposure dose at Wilker at Adisoemarmo Airport 52.08 CFU/kg/day. And the highest HQ value at Wilker Port of Tegal is 7.78 (HQ > 1).Conclusion: The results of the MRA (Microbial Risk Assessment) analysis can be concluded that the level of risk of exposure to airborne germs at the KKP Semarang is not safe for employees so it is necessary to control the risk of exposure to these airborne germs to employees through...
Editor Editor
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia, Volume 21; https://doi.org/10.14710/jkli.21.2.i-v

Abstract:
Cover, Dewan Redaksi, Daftar Isi
Muhammad Asyroful Mujib, Fahrudi Ahwan Ikhsan, Bejo Apriyanto, Sri Astutik, Anik Nur Khasanah
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia, Volume 21, pp 152-161; https://doi.org/10.14710/jkli.21.2.152-161

Abstract:
Latar belakang: Sungai Bedadung merupakan sungai utama di Daerah Aliran Sungai (DAS) Bedadung yang mengalir di tengah wilayah perkotaan dan berpotensi mengalami pencemaran akibat aktifitas manusia melalui pembuangan limbah domestik, industri, dan pertanian. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui karakteristik kualitas air sungai dan daya tampung beban pencemaran air di Sungai Bedadung Hulu. Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan deskriptif kualitatif dengan analisis korelasional dan metode neraca massa. Teknik pengambilan sampel kualitas air dengan cara grab sampling pada delapan segmen yang terdiri dari 8 sampel sumber nirtitik (non-point source) dan 1 sampel titik (point source) pada kondisi debit rendah di musim kemarau. Parameter yang diuji adalah kualitas fisika air yaitu suhu, pH, Daya Hantar Listrik (DHL) dan Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), serta kualitas kimiawi air yaitu Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), dan Dissolved Oxygen (DO). Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa seluruh parameter kualitas air Sungai bedadung hulu berdasarkan analisis metode neraca massa memiliki nilai yang tidak melebihi standar baku mutu kualitas air kelas II Peraturan Pemerintah RI Nomor 22 Tahun 2021. Beban Pencemaran Aktual (BPA) untuk kualitas kimiawi air yaitu BOD, COD, dan DO masing-masing sebesar 651,10 kg/hari; 80009,47 kg/hari; dan 3091,70 kg/hari. Simpulan: Nilai Beban Pencemaran Aktual (BPA) ketiga parameter berada di bawah batas Beban Pencemaran Maksimum (BPM) sehingga masih memiliki selisih daya tampung untuk dapat menerima beban pencemaran. Upaya pengelolaan air limbah dan menjaga kelestarian lingkungan masih diperlukan untuk meningkatkan kualitas air di Sungai Bedadung hulu. ABSTRACT Title: Evaluation of River Water Pollution Load Capacity Using Mass Balance Method ApproachBackground: The Bedadung River is the main river in the Bedadung watershed that flows in the middle of urban areas and can experience pollution due to human activities through domestic, industrial, and agricultural waste disposal. This study aimed to determine the characteristics of river water quality and load capacity of water pollution in the Upper Bedadung River.Method:This study uses a qualitative descriptive approach with correlational analysis and mass balance methods. The water quality sampling technique was taken through grab sampling on eight segments consisting of 8 non-point source samples and 1 point source sample at low discharge conditions in the dry season. The parameters tested were the physical quality of water, namely temperature, pH, Electrical Conductivity (DHL) and Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), as well as the chemical quality of water, namely Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), and Dissolved Oxygen (DO).Result: The results showed that all the water quality parameters of the upstream Bedadung River based on the mass balance method analysis had a value that did not exceed the class II water quality standards of the Republic of Indonesia Government Regulation Number 22 of 2021. Actual Pollution Load (BPA) for the chemical quality of water, namely BOD, COD, and DO each of 651.10 kg/day; 80009.47 kg/day; and 3091.70 kg/day.Conclusion: The BPA value of the three parameters is below the Maximum Pollution Load (BPM) limit so that it still has a difference in the capacity to accept the pollution load. Efforts to manage wastewater and preserve the environment are still needed to improve water quality in the upstream Bedadung River.
Back to Top Top