Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
ISSN / EISSN : 23017171 / 2541092X
Current Publisher: universitas airlangga (10.20473)
Total articles ≅ 331
Latest articles in this journal
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi, Volume 7, pp 241-248; doi:10.20473/jbe.v7i32019.242-249
Abstract:Background: The incidence of diarrhoea is still a public health problem in various districts or cities in East Java Province. The prevalence of diarrhoea in Probolinggo Regency in 2017 was 2.43%. Purpose: This study aims to determine the strong relationship between conditions of home sanitation, drinking water access, and clean and healthy living behaviour with the incidence of diarrhoea in Probolinggo District. Methods: This is an observational analytic study with a correlation study design. The population used was all diarrhoea patients treated by health workers from all health centres in each subdistrict in Probolinggo in 2017. The variables studied included the percentage of home sanitation conditions, drinking water access, clean and healthy living behaviour, and prevalence of diarrhoea from all puskesmas (government health clinics) in the district of Probolinggo. The data analysis technique used was Pearson correlation. Results: The prevalence of diarrhoea in Probolinggo Regency decreased in the three years 2015 to 2017, with Bago Health Centre contributing the highest number of cases. This study shows a very weak correlation between the conditions of home sanitation (0.07), drinking water access (0.02), and clean and healthy living behaviour (0.03) and the incidence of diarrhoea. Conclusion: In 2017 there was a very weak correlation between the conditions of home sanitation, drinking water access, and clean and healthy living behaviour with the incidence of diarrhoea in Probolinggo District. The Probolinggo District Health Office and related sectors should pay attention to the dominant factors that have a positive linear correlation direction in order to prevent the incidence of diarrhoea
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi, Volume 7, pp 180-188; doi:10.20473/jbe.v7i32019.180-188
Abstract:Background: Filariasis is still a serious health problem in Indonesia. One of the endemic areas is Demak, which implemented a mass drug administration (MDA) elimination programme in 2016. However, filariasis was still found in 2017–18. Purpose: This research aims to describe the distribution of filariasis and coverage of filariasis MDA in Demak. Method: A case series based on people, time, and place was used as the design of this research. The research was conducted in May–June 2019 using secondary data obtained from the Health Office of Demak based on the results of the MDA programme in the community. The target population of this research comprised residents of Demak from 2016 to 2018. The variables researched were filariasis cases based on gender, age, region, year of MDA implementation, and MDA coverage, which were described based on univariate and spatial analysis. Result: There were 23 filariasis cases in Demak during 2016–18, most of which occurred in the age group 46–60 (39.10%) and in women (60.90%); they occurred in almost all subdistricts of Demak. The MDA coverage of filariasis has reached the target (>85%), but there is one particular area that has decreased MDA coverage where some cases are found each year. Conclusion: Provision of MDA was carried out in 2016–18 but cases of filariasis are still being reported; also, one of these areas has been decreasing its MDA coverage every year.
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi, Volume 7, pp 172-179; doi:10.20473/jbe.v7i32019.172-179
Abstract:Background: Antenatal care coverage (ANC) in Indonesia has been constantly increasing over the years according to the country’s national survey data; however, there is a huge gap in coverage between women with different background characteristics. Purpose: The objective of this study is to determine the association between women’s empowerment and ANC coverage in Indonesia in 2017. Methods: This study used data sourced from the Indonesian Demographic Health Survey (IDHS) 2017 with a cross-sectional study design. The population study was married women aged 15–49 years who had delivered children in the two years before the survey was conducted. About 6,397 samples were obtained by a total sampling method that met inclusion and exclusion criteria. Variables analysed in this study were women’s empowerment and antenatal care coverage. The data analysis used were chi square and multiple logistic regression analysis. This study was conducted in February–April 2019 in all provinces in Indonesia which were the location of the IDHS 2017. Results: The result of multivariate analysis claimed an association that was statistically significant (p value = 0.00) between women’s empowerment and ANC coverage, with adjusted prevalence ratio = 1.05 (95% CI: 1.02–1.08). Conclusion: The conclusion of this study is that less empowered women were 1.05 times more likely to not receive complete and standardised antenatal care compared to women who were more empowered.
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi, Volume 7, pp 225-232; doi:10.20473/jbe.v7i32019.225-233
Abstract:Background: West Java Province is the region with the highest number of pneumonia toddlers and mortality in toddlers due to third highest number of mortality in Indonesia at 2017. One of the risk factors for pneumonia toddlers was low birth weight (LBW). Purpose: This study has purpose to analyze the correlation between low birth weight with pneumonia toddlers in West Java Province at 2017. Methods: Type of this study was an observational type study with correlation study design. This study used secondary data from publication Health Profile of West Java Province in 2017. The population was all toddlers who suffered pneumonia from 18 districts and 9 cities in West Java Province. The independent variable was the coverage of low birth weight babies, while the dependent variable was the coverage of the discovery of pneumonia in toddlers. The study used data analysis through Durbin Watson test and Pearson correlation test. Results: This study showed there was a significant correlation between low birth weight with pneumonia toddlers with p value= 0,01 (p < 0,05). Strength of correlation showed there were moderate relationship and positive direction (pearson correlation = 0,54). so that it can be interpreted that the higher the events of low birth weight babies, then the higher the events of pneumonia in toddlers, and vice versa. Conclusion: There was a significant correlation between low birth weight with pneumonia toddlers in West Java Province in 2017.
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi, Volume 7, pp 217-224; doi:10.20473/jbe.v7i32019.217-224
Abstract:Background: The prevalence of hypertension in 2018 in Indonesia in people aged ≥ 18 years was 34.11%, an increasing trend compared to 2013, when it was 25.80%. Malang Region increased the prevalence of hypertension from 7.32% in 2016 to 9% in 2017. Purpose: This study aims to analyse the relationship between hypertension and the variables of family history, consumption of fruit and vegetables, and physical activity in Integrated Guidance Post Wajak District, Malang Region. Methods: This study is an observational study with a cross-sectional design. It used 2018 secondary data from P2PTM section of Provincial Health Agency of East Java. The total sample was 250 respondents in Integrated Guidance Post, Wajak District, Malang Regency. The independent variables were family history, consumption of fruit and vegetables, and physical activity, while the dependent variable was hypertension. Data were analysed using a chi-square test. Results: A significant relationship was found between the independent variables family history (p = 0.01; PR = 2.01; 95% CI = 1.21 < PR
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi, Volume 7, pp 233-240; doi:10.20473/jbe.v7i32019.234-241
Abstract:Background: Volcanic ash due to volcanic eruptions has an impact on health. Volcanic ash can cause health problems such as irritation and acute respiratory infections (ARI). Purpose: This study aims to know the outlook of ARI cases before and after exposure to volcanic ash. Methods: This research is a descriptive observational study with a cross-sectional approach that used secondary data from Kepohbaru Health Centre. The population of this study was ARI patients in Kepohbaru Health Centre in February 2013 and February 2014. The sampling technique used is total sampling. The analysis used is univariate analysis. Results: The results of this study indicate that before exposure to volcanic ash, the majority of ARI cases were males (52.01%), age group 5–11 years (16.3%), and with no history of ARI (67, 85%). The majority of ARI patients after exposure to volcanic ash were female (53.67%), age group 5–11 years (15.5%), and with no history of ARI (58.37%). More cases of ARI occurred after rather than before exposure to volcanic ash. Conclusion: Before and after exposure, the most common cases of ARI were suffered by respondents in the age group 5–11 years who had no history of respiratory disease. The number of cases of ARI was higher after exposure to volcanic ash. ARI cases happened more on males before exposure, whereas after exposure, it happened more on females.
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi, Volume 7, pp 207-216; doi:10.20473/jbe.v7i32019.207-216
Abstract:Background: Tuberculosis in children is still found in East Java Province at 2017 with 2,749 cases of paediatric tuberculosis. The Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) immunisation coverage and healthy houses in East Java Province increase every year. Purpose: This study aims to analyse the correlation between BCG immunisation and healthy houses with paediatric tuberculosis discovery in East Java Province during 2015–17. Methods: This study is observational with a correlation study design. The population in this study were children aged 0–14 years who suffered from tuberculosis in a district or city in East Java Province in 2015–17. Sampling of this study uses aggregate data on paediatric tuberculosis discovered in children aged 0–14 years, coverage of BCG immunisation and coverage of healthy houses in districts/cities in East Java in 2015–17 found in Health Profile of East Java Province 2015–17. The variables studied were paediatric tuberculosis in children aged 0–14 years, BCG immunisation coverage and healthy house; the analysis techniques were the Kolmogorov-Smirnov normality test and Pearson correlation. Results: This study shows that there is correlation between BCG immunisation and paediatric tuberculosis (p = 0.01, p
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi, Volume 7, pp 189-196; doi:10.20473/jbe.v7i32019.189-196
Abstract:Background: The prevalence of adolescent obesity is increasing in Indonesia. Obesity can reduce the quality of life, especially as most obese adolescents remain obese after they become adult. In obese adolescents, the higher their IMT (intima-media thickness), the higher the risk of cardiovascular disease in adulthood. Purpose: The aim of this study is to analyse the correlation of demographic characteristics with BMI (body mass index) in adolescents with obesity. Methods: This study is a cross-sectional study on adolescents with obesity conducted in the Paediatric Nutrition and Metabolic Disease Clinic of Dr Soetomo General Hospital, Surabaya. The data on demographic characteristics, such as gender, number of siblings, paternal education, maternal education, and maternal occupation, were collected using the interview method. Data on anthropometry were collected to calculate BMI. Obesity is established if it is higher than the 95th percentile, based on CDC percentile of BMI, according to age and sex. Data were analysed using multiple regression. Results: A total of 59 obese adolescents, between 13 and 16 years old, were involved. As many as 49.20% of respondents had one sibling. As many as 52.50% of respondents had a father with a high school education and 44.10% of respondents had mothers with a high school education; 61% of respondents had working mothers. There was no correlation between BMI and demographic characteristics (p> 0.05), except for number of siblings (p = 0.02). Conclusion: In this study, the number of siblings was correlated with BMI. A study with a greater number of obese adolescents and with adolescents who have normal nutritional status is needed to fully assess the influence of demographic characteristics on BMI in obese adolescents.
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi, Volume 7, pp 197-206; doi:10.20473/jbe.v7i32019.197-206
Abstract:Background: Confirmed cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome caused by coronavirus (MERS-CoV) were not found until the end of February 2019 in Indonesia. The spreading threat of MERS-CoV disease in Indonesia is still quite vast, mainly because of the amount of international travel from Indonesia to Saudi Arabia for the purpose of Hajj and Umrah, vacationing, working, or settling in the Arabian Peninsula. Purpose: The aim of this study is to evaluate the implementation of formal risk assessment (FRA) and MERS-CoV risk in Indonesia in 2018, having regard to threat, vulnerability, and capacity. Method: This study is a non-reactive observation study presented descriptively using the literature method and in-depth interviews with staff of the subdirectorat of Penyakit Infeksi Emerging Kementerian Kesehatan Republik. Decision-making for the threat category and vulnerability category is based on the highest threat index and vulnerability values, while the capacity category is based on the lowest capacity index value. Results: This study shows that there are three threat subcategories and two vulnerability subcategories that have high index scores and eight capacity subcategories that have low scores. Conclusion: The implementation of risk assessment for MERS-CoV with the FRA method as a whole has been maximally pursued. However, there are still shortcomings in the results of the research that need to be improved through further interventions to reduce the subcategory values that are high in the threat and vulnerability index and to increase the value of the low capacity index.
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi, Volume 7, pp 249-256; doi:10.20473/jbe.v7i32019.250-257
Abstract:Background: Smoking is a major risk factor that causes lung cancer. The high number of active smokers in developing countries is found in several countries; one of those countries is Indonesia. Purpose: The purpose of the study was to describe the degree of smoking based on brinkman index on lung cancer patients. Methods: It was a descriptive study. It employed cross sectional research design. The population in this study included lung cancer patients in Outpatient and Inpatient Dr. Soetomo Regional Public Hospital, Surabaya. The independent variable in this study was the degree of smoking. Whereas, the dependent variable in this study was lung cancer. Accidental sampling was used as the sampling technique of the study. The total sample were 31 respondents. The instrument used for collecting data was questionnaire containing the risk factors of lung cancer in November 2018. The categorization of smoking degrees used the Brinkman Index measurement. Data were processed by univariate analysis which was presented in the form of a frequency distribution table between variables. Results: Almost all of the respondents were on the age of > 40 years (90.30%) and male (96.80%). The majority of respondents were senior high school graduates (38.70%), and had other jobs (32.20%). Almost half of the respondents were classified into heavy smoking degree according to the brinkman index (48.40%). Conclusions: Some of cancer patients in Dr. Soetomo Regional Public Hospital Surabaya has a smoking degree of heavy category.