International Journal of Applied Science

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2576-7240 / 2576-7259
Published by: Ideas Spread (10.30560)
Total articles ≅ 48
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Deddy Tri Harjanto, Cicih Ratnasih, Yolanda Yolanda
International Journal of Applied Science, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30560/ijas.v4n3p11

Abstract:
This study will determine how much the influence of the exchange rate, the number of MSMEs, investment, credit, and inflation on MSME exports nationally, and how they contribute to GDP per capita. The research method uses multiple regression with data transformation ln. The results of the study consist of model 1, the exchange rate factor, the number of MSMEs, investment, credit, and inflation are variables that influence increasing the number of product exports produced from the MSME sector. In the second model, the contribution of MSME exports to GDP per capita. The results showed that of all significant positive variables and one significant negative variable. The investment required in Indonesia, whose number continues to increase yearly, affects the high number of products exports from the MSME sector. For this reason, investment factors must continue to be considered to increase MSME exports. In contrast, the contribution of the inflation variable has a significant negative effect, which is an inverse relationship to MSME exports. It is predicted that if inflation is low, MSME exports will increase, and vice versa if inflation is high, MSME exports will decline. Furthermore, model 2 shows that MSME exports significantly contribute to gross domestic product per capita. In this case, the ups and downs of Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises' exports need special attention.
Syofria Meidona, Yolanda Yolanda, Sumarni Sumarni, Elsya Meida Arif, Della Maretha, Heru Subiyantoro
International Journal of Applied Science, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30560/ijas.v4n3p1

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the effect of Labor Force Participation Rate, Number of Motorized Vehicles, Number of Small and Medium Enterprises, number of tourist Visits, average per capita expenditure, Room Occupancy Rate, and Regional Original Revenue in 19 Cities and Regencies in West Sumatra in 2005-2018. The model used is the OLS method using panel data and using the statistical program e-views 10 for Windows. The results of the study showed either partially or simultaneously that: Labor Force Participation Rate, Number of Motorized Vehicles, Number of Small and Medium Enterprises, Number of Tourist Visits, Average per capita expenditure and Room Occupancy Rate to Regional Original Income are positive and significant. The largest contribution to Regional Original Revenue is Motorized Vehicles, while the lowest is the Hotel Room Occupancy Rate. The coefficient of determination or goodness of fit is 0.742869. The contribution of all independent variables in explaining the dependent variable is 74.29 percent. Other variables outside the research model explain the remaining 25.71 percent.
Pooja Khandelwal
International Journal of Applied Science, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30560/ijas.v4n2p1

Abstract:
Sports is an integral part of life and has become a career option for many. This article is based on the injuries that are both soft and hard tissue injuries encountered in sports and studies on the incidence of orofacial injuries by various authors, their prevention and protection with the use of special appliances. Immediate and long treatment of dental injuries and their rehabilitation. This article also talks about the current guidelines to practice as a Sports dentist. The data is collected from PubMed, ResearchGate, International journal of physical education, sports and health, European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, International Dental Journal, academyforsportsdentistry.org.
Zahra N. Masih
International Journal of Applied Science, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30560/ijas.v4n1p24

Abstract:
Identifying the causal role of tobacco and alcohol has long been acknowledged as a critical area for developing preventative strategies in particular and public policy in general. This study utilizes a unique time series method in an effort to determine the strength of causal relationships between tobacco consumption, alcohol consumption and cancer mortality. By analysing tobacco expenditure, alcohol expenditure, while controlling for health expenditures and aggregate cancer data observed annually over an 80-year period fin the US population, we consider the relevant factors explaining and potentially guiding public health concerns going forward. Our results found that while tobacco and alcohol consumption (individually) causally impact cancer mortality, alcohol consumption maintains a stronger, bidirectional impact in comparison to tobacco consumption. From this, we consider explanations from an economic, biological and epidemiological front, gauging the strength of alcohol consumption on societal wellbeing. We find alcohol consumption to be a notable causal factor in cancer mortality that has been neglected from a public policy perspective in comparison to its more mediated tobacco counterpart.
James J. Tanoos
International Journal of Applied Science, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30560/ijas.v4n1p1

Abstract:
Analysis of market research in Western society began in the early twentieth century and eventually spawned interest in the prediction of consumer behavior preferences. More recently, inquiry into consumer behavior patterns has focused on digital technologies and online platforms. Through a series of likelihood ratio tests, this study will assess cognitive reactions of undergraduate students to a compilation of classic American television commercials. Various components for determining likeability will be used in order to steer future market research and digital branding strategies.
Jingdan Gan, Feng Shan Wu, Hong Liu
International Journal of Applied Science, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30560/ijas.v3n4p17

Abstract:
: Construction of tunnels, as one of the main methods to solve physical traffic barriers, However, It vulnerable to the threat of fire during the process of tunnel operation period. In response to such situation, this article explores the smoke distribution of extra-long double-tube tunnel and its impact on evacuation in the event of a fire. This paper take the Jieling tunnel as an example, and applies Accident Tree Analysis (ATA) method combined with Fires Dynamics Simulator (FDS)simulation software to study the changes of harmful factors such as tunnel smoke. According to the research, when a fire occurs in an extra-long double-tube tunnel, It is concluded that people are supposed to be guided to leave via the nearest cross-passages as soon as possible, In the end analysis the roles that air curtains could play in the control of smoke. It is recommended to open the air curtain so that in such condition people away from the cross-passages have enough time to escape.
Luma S. Al-Taweel, Naseer Jawad Kazim
International Journal of Applied Science, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30560/ijas.v3n4p1

Abstract:
The study aimed to investigate the effect of the application of various sources of fertilizers on the activity of urease, L-glutaminase, and L-aspartase enzymes in the rhizosphere and bulk soils. Pots experiment was carried out in the wire canopy in one of the fields affiliated to the Faculty of Agriculture - the University of Qadisiyah for the summer season 2018 in soil with a silty loam texture. Seeds of mung bean crops were cultivated of a local variety (Khedrawi). The treatments of the study were two levels of nitrogenous mineral fertilizer (urea) (M1 and M2) (20 and 40) kg.N.h-1, respectively, a single level of organic fertilizer (poultry waste) (10 tons h-1), a single level of bio-fertilizer with Pseudomonas fluorescens bacteria, the control, and their interactions. The experiment was carried out according to Completely Randomized Design (C.R.D) with six replications. Means were compared according to the (L.S.D) test at the probability level (α=0.05(. The efficiency of urase, L-clotamene, and L-aspartase in the soil of the root zoon and bulk soil were estimated for all study parameters 30 days after planting. These measurements were done once again for some characteristics of vegetative and root growth after 60 days of planting. The bio-fertilizer treatment (B) resulted in the highest increase in the efficiency of the urease enzyme and L-aspartase for 30 days of cultivation compared to the control treatment that recorded the least value of the enzyme activity average (45.22 and 42.54) µg N-NH4+.g-1 soil.2h-1, respectively, for the rhizosphere and bulk soils. These values were increased after 60 days of cultivation (45.34 and 43.16) µg N-NH4+.g-1 soil.2h-1, respectively, for the rhizosphere and bulk soils. This treatment achieves the highest increase in the activity of L-enzymes (25.89 and 24.72) µg N-NH4+.g-1 soil.2h-1, respectively, for the region of the rhizosphere and beyond. It increased after 60 days of cultivation (26.23 and 25.06) µg N-NH4+.g-1 soil.2h-1, respectively, for the region of the rhizosphere and bulk soils. The treatment of poultry wastes (O) resulted in the highest increase in the value of the activity of the L-clotamines enzyme in the rhizosphere and bulk soils for a period of 30 days from planting (43.47 and 57.39) µg N-NH4+.g-1 soil.2h-1, respectively. Its activity values then increased after 60 days of cultivation, reaching (44.33 and 40.43) µg N-NH4+.g-1 soil.2h-1, respectively. The overlap treatment between poultry residues and biofertilizers (OB) achieved the highest increase in the activity value for the urase enzyme, L-clotamines and L-aspartase in root zoon soil and distant soil for 30 days of cultivation (54.47, 46.84 and 28.28 µg N-NH4+.g-1 soil.2h-1, respectively, for the rhizosphere and (49.14, 37.81 and 23.94) µg N-NH4+.g-1 soil.2h-1, respectively. The activity of enzymes then increased after 60 days of cultivation (54.56, 47.69 and 28.62) µg N-NH4+.g-1 soil.2h-1, respectively, for the rhizosphere (49.23, 38.67 and 24.18) µg N-NH4+.g-1 soil.2h-1, respectively, for the bulk soil. The combination treatments between poultry residues, bio-fertilizer, and urea at level II (OBM2) achieved the highest increase in the activity values for urease enzyme, L-clotamines and L-aspartase in root zoon soil and bulk soil for 30 days of cultivation (58.46, 48.58 and 30.40) µg N-NH4+.g-1 soil.2h-1, respectively for the rhizosphere, and (54.13, 46.30 and 27.62) µg N-NH4+.g-1 soil.2h-1, respectively, for the bulk soil. The activity of enzymes then increased 60 days after planting (58.55, 49.44 and 30.74) µg N-NH4+.g-1 soil.2h-1, respectively, for the rhizosphere (54.22, 47.15 and 27.96) µg N-NH4+.g-1 soil.2h-1, respectively, outside the rhizosphere.
D. Escudero, M. G. Echevarria, Y E. D. Malpartida
International Journal of Applied Science, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30560/ijas.v3n3p1

Abstract:
The agronomic performance and nutritive value of Mucuna legume (Stilozobium deeringianum (Bort) Merr.) in five stages were evaluated under climatic conditions of Peruvian central coast to estimate optimum stage of use. Five cutting ages were: 21, 42, 63, 84 and 105 days. Crop growing, forage yield, chemical composition, vitro dry matter digestibility and net energy for lactation of Mucuna were evaluated. The optimum cutting age was 84 days with 25633.3 kg. Ha-1 of fresh matter and 6422.6 kg-1 ha-1 of dry matter. In this age crude protein, neutral detergent fiber and acid detergent fiber and in vitro dry matter digestibility contents were 14.94%, 44.80%, 33.15% and 66.12 %. Net energy for lactation was 1.43 Mcal.kg-1. These results show that Mucuna was well adapted to Peruvian Central Coast with high forage yield and nutritive value.
Subandi Nur, Suwarto Suwarto, Saparso Saparso, Heru Adi Djatmiko
International Journal of Applied Science, Volume 3; https://doi.org/10.30560/ijas.v3n2p1

Abstract:
The morpho-physiological response study of three shallots varieties on the water surface variation level of the trench aims to find plants that are tolerant of water shortages. The study was conducted in the rice fields of Pulosari village, Brebes District, Brebes Regency, Central Java, Indonesia for three months (January to March 2019). The experimental design used was a separate plot design with three replications. The main plot of trench water surface height (T) is T1 = 10 cm, T2 = 20 cm and T3 = 30 cm. The subplots of shallot variety (V) are V1 = Bima, V2 = Yellow and V3 = Sumenep. The data obtained were analyzed using analysis of variance at 5% error level, if there is a real difference found, the study would be followed by the Least Significant Difference Test (LSD) level 5%. The results showed that the condition of water shortage was very influential on the morpho-physiological response of three shallots varieties.
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