International Journal of Engineering and Management Research

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2394-6962 / 2250-0758
Current Publisher: Vandana Publications (10.31033)
Total articles ≅ 428
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Latest articles in this journal

Akash Santosh Pawar
International Journal of Engineering and Management Research, Volume 11, pp 28-37; doi:10.31033/ijemr.11.2.4

Abstract:
The project deals with the Manufacturing with Design and Analysis of Hammer Mill Machine and Rotor Assembly of Machine of Capacity of 200 Kg/hr. Which is due to providing the transmission power of 5 HP to the machine. In this project, the Hammer mill machine body structure, Angle Frame and foundation frame for machine is designed using Catia. Also each and every part or component is required for machine is designed. In the present work by using standard design procedures, Diameter of the rotor of shaft of machine has been designed. Theoretical calculations done by using PTC Mathcad software for new learning experience and ease. When the shaft of the rotor is rotated at the given speed (rpm i.e. 1728 rpm) and the load applied to the shaft it should not bend during rotation. When the shaft is rotated under free conditions deflections will be created due to critical speed of the shaft. After Designing process, some of required drawings are converted into Ansys supported format i.e. drawings are imported into Ansys for further analysis. Meshing of the shaft model was done and the loads, stresses that were applied for the shaft to be checked out that the design should be safe one. The design should be safe when the values obtained from the design procedure were compared with the standard values and result obtained from the analysis using Ansys. As per the designing, the required parts are fabricated such as side plates, bearing support, doors, hinge supports by using conventional methods like gas cutting, welding, drilling, shaft turning, slotting, milling, etc. and some hardware materials buy from stores which is used for further assembly process. At the final step all parts are assembled according as per requirements. At the end actual capacity of machine is calculated by using conventional method.
Narendra Kumar, L. K. Singh
International Journal of Engineering and Management Research, Volume 11, pp 94-99; doi:10.31033/ijemr.11.2.13

Abstract:
The start-up ecosystem plays a critical role in the growth & development of a society. The reason behind creation of Uttarakhand as a separate state is to have a balanced growth of people in Hills. The start-up policy is a phenomenon that ensures balanced growth by offering equal opportunities to all the segments of the society. Start-up encourages people to initiate and contribute in the economic activity at their home town and to be vocal for local. In this paper start-up ecosystem in Uttarakhand is analysed. The objective of the study is to status and comparisons of start-ups between Hills and Plane region of Uttarakhand. This study will help to design the policy to healthy growth of start-ups in rural and hilly zones of the state. Start-ups that qualify the parameters of start-up policy of Uttarakhand are taken for the study.
Ankit Kumar, Anil Kumar Kapil
International Journal of Engineering and Management Research, Volume 11, pp 75-82; doi:10.31033/ijemr.11.2.10

Abstract:
The district of Muzaffarnagar is the highest sugarcane producing district in Uttar Pradesh and therefore is an important industrial district as well. The district is part of Western UP and it shares the problems of the sugar industry elsewhere in the state: unpredictable demands and crop failures. In this context, predicting sugarcane demand and informing its production can turn to be just the key to solve some of the problems the industry faces. The existing crop forecasting method for the cultivation of sugarcane used in UP relies, to a large degree, on subjective details, centred on the expertise of engineers in the sugar and alcohol field and on information on input demand in the supply chain. The measurement of the utility of the sample detection using NDVI images from the SPOT sensor used in the sensor's determination over the ECMWF model was possible to infer the official productivity data reported in the previously selected municipalities and harvest. Significant features of the municipal productivity of a given village is listed in a decision tree, and out of the combinations of attributes the corresponding municipal productivity is rated as "Normal" on the average urban productivity scale. Using data from the NDVI time-series between 2013 to 2020, we can discern the three classes of productivity in the meanwhile. Findings indicate that productivity in January ranked as less than mean, mean, and more than mean. The findings were more successful for the class Vegetation, the participants of which were permitted to conclude about the pattern of the average federal productivity prior to.
Mohammed Hussain Motlag, Redvan Ghasemlounia
International Journal of Engineering and Management Research, Volume 11, pp 20-27; doi:10.31033/ijemr.11.2.3

Abstract:
The topic of public-private partnerships has been received with great interest by governments, societies and research centers around the world. After it became clear that the process of economic and social development is based on mobilizing and gathering all the potentials of society, including the energies, resources and experiences of both the public and private sectors, to participate in the institutional organizations that deal with the establishment and operation of projects of various kinds after the institutional arrangements faced separate and independent sectoral challenges and difficulties. In achieving the goals of development levels is an ambitious goal. Therefore, developed countries seek to develop institutions, legislation and institutional systems to adopt participatory organizations in which all sectors of society contribute to directing, managing and operating projects and businesses, developing and developing them in order to serve their purposes on the basis of cooperative participation, good governance, transparent accountability and mutual benefit. The success of the partnership is not limited to ensuring legislation and regulations only, but links must be established between it and the concept of governance. Both have multiple aspects related to administrative, legal, economic and social dimensions that meet at common points based on the principles of transparency, disclosure and accountability, and equal rights of stakeholders and responsibilities in order to raise the efficiency of resource use, enhance competitiveness, attract funding sources, and expand projects to create new job opportunities and support economic stability. The topic of public-private partnerships has been received with great interest by governments, societies and research centers around the world. After it became clear that the process of economic and social development is based on mobilizing and gathering all the potentials of society, including the energies, resources and experiences of both the public and private sectors, to participate in the institutional organizations that deal with the establishment and operation of projects of various kinds after the institutional arrangements faced separate and independent sectoral challenges and difficulties. In achieving the goals of development levels is an ambitious goal. Therefore, developed countries seek to develop institutions, legislation and institutional systems to adopt participatory organizations in which all sectors of society contribute to directing, managing and operating projects and businesses, developing and developing them in order to serve their purposes on the basis of cooperative participation, good governance, transparent accountability and mutual benefit. The success of the partnership is not limited to ensuring legislation and regulations only, but links must be established between it and the concept of governance. Both have multiple aspects related to administrative, legal, economic and social dimensions that meet at common points based on the principles of transparency, disclosure and accountability, and equal rights of stakeholders and responsibilities in order to raise the efficiency of resource use, enhance competitiveness, attract funding sources, and expand projects to create new job opportunities and support economic stability. Many researchers believe that the issue of partnership is still in its early stages of developing unified principles, rules and regulations that govern and regulate the various forms of partnerships between the public and private sectors to include all economic and social sectors as major topics. The concept, principles and standards are still being sought to develop, elaborate and categorize them in order to be placed in specific rules and frameworks.
Adedoyin O. Okusanya, Victoria O. Akpa, Akinlabi. Babatunde H.
International Journal of Engineering and Management Research, Volume 11, pp 64-74; doi:10.31033/ijemr.11.2.9

Abstract:
Firm performance is fundamental to businesses considering its role in assisting organisations to realize their goals and achieve successes. Consumer goods manufacturing industry in Nigeria are experiencing decline in performance like profitability, market share, sales growth, competitive advantage, and productivity resulting from poor application of entrepreneurial orientation measures. This study examined the interaction between entrepreneurial orientation and market share of selected quoted consumer goods manufacturing companies in Nigeria.The study adopted cross sectional survey research design. The population of the study was 1,551of twelve (12) quoted consumer goods manufacturing companies in Nigeria. Total enumeration was used to sample the entire population. A self-developed structured and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The Cronbach’s alpha ranges between 0.721 and 0.892. The response rate was 90.5%. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (Multiple and Hierarchical regression analysis).Findings revealed that entrepreneurial orientation components had significant influence on market share of selected quoted consumer goods companies in Nigeria (Adj. R2 = 0.791; F (5,441) = 339.129, p= 0.000). The study concluded that entrepreneurial orientation (innovativeness, competitive aggressiveness, proactiveness, risk-taking and planning flexibility) had significant effect on market share of selected quoted consumer goods companies in Nigeria and recommended that managers of selected quoted consumer goods manufacturing companies should practice entrepreneurial orientation ideologies to be able to be proactive and competitive enough to further boost the market portion of quoted consumer goods companies.
Raad Fahad Almasshadni, Redvan Ghasemlounia
International Journal of Engineering and Management Research, Volume 11, pp 53-63; doi:10.31033/ijemr.11.2.8

Abstract:
The research aims to determine the role of agricultural system managers in Iraq in the field of strategic management and agricultural technology in developing field crops cultivation, and to achieve the objectives of the research, the researcher prepared A five-Axis questionnaire, which included 40 paragraphs for middle and executive directors, divided into five Axis, and dealt with [content, a questionnaire that included message scale, strategic analysis, vision formulation, characteristics of importance, objectives, types of strategies, strategy levels, strategy characteristics, strategy implementation, strategy evaluation. The research was carried out as a random sampling from agricultural departments from the governorate of Baghdad. After the questionnaire was done in the Google Documents program, the questionnaire was published on the social media sites of those involved in the agricultural sector and sent by e-mail to some managers and their assistants as it was not possible to provide them with the questionnaire on paper due to the Corona pandemic. A random sample was withdrawn by 55% of each category of the research community. Thus, the total sample size is 100. The weighted average, F-test, and LSD were used to analyze the data and obtain results using the SPSS program. One of the results of the research was that the general character of the level of experience in strategic management of agricultural system managers at the administrative levels [middle, executive] in the field of strategic management, general, was medium, The managers of the agricultural system need to be developed, and this is reflected in their knowledge capabilities in the field of strategic management to improve the level of performance of the units responsible for them. The researcher recommends the need to qualify the managers of the upper and middle departments and send them outside the country to acquire new concepts in strategic management and the need to increase their knowledge and skill capabilities in developing the strategy at the middle and executive levels] through specialized training programs in the field mentioned above.
Suyash S. Tambe, Vivek Ambetkar, Prathamesh Ambovkar
International Journal of Engineering and Management Research, Volume 11, pp 100-102; doi:10.31033/ijemr.11.2.14

Abstract:
Major industries today are dealing with large amount of data even small shops are no oblivion for the huge pile of customer data. To gain profit in competitive marketing is imperative that the useful information shall be extracted out of this data. The processing of this huge pile of data becomes monotonous task and the different types of software and algorithms are developed to process and acquire result out of this data. This project deals with same kind of problem of dealing with data. Taking customer purchase history as an input our system using "Apriori Algoritm" classifies these customers as potential and non-potential customers. Customers who are potential are more likely to buy more from the store and help enhance business.
Bandara.Wmah, Gangananda.Amnm
International Journal of Engineering and Management Research, Volume 11, pp 43-47; doi:10.31033/ijemr.11.2.6

Abstract:
The tourism and hospitality industry is struggling with the issue of attracting and retaining quality educated employees. It has led to a shortage of skilled personnel to staff the growing tourism and hospitality businesses, after the COVID 19 Pandemic. The job turnover rate in the tourism and hospitality sector rose due to the contemporary situation in the world. Especially, the promogulated lockdown and travel ban adversely affected the job security of the employees in the tourism and hospitality sector. Thus, the objective of this study is to identify the effect of undergraduates’ perception on career selection in tourism and hospitality industry. A total of 120 undergraduates representing three state universities were selected using stratified sampling method for this study. Primary data was collected via structured questionnaire. Quantitative data analysis methods along with the descriptive, correlation and multiple regressions were utilized to analyze the data using SPSS. Results confirmed that personal factors, educational factors and industrial factors impact on the willingness of career selection in tourism and hospitality industry. Moreover, personal factors are most influential to the career selection of undergraduates. Thus, Universities must enhance the opportunities for practical exposures, attitude development, sign memorandum of understanding, updating curriculum to shape the undergraduate perceptions.
Rochelle Anushini Bartholomeusz
International Journal of Engineering and Management Research, Volume 11, pp 109-115; doi:10.31033/ijemr.11.2.16

Abstract:
In the contemporary business world, innovation is more critical than ever. Unlike before, every organization is aware of the significance of innovation in gaining and sustaining competitive advantage over rivals. However, organizations can be more innovative just by triggering and uplifting the intrapreneurial spirit of the employees with the management support. But currently the policies, structures and systems which are developed by the management of the organization tend to isolate innovative and creative employees by demoralizing them from sharing valuable novel insights. There are certain instances where the management agrees with the new idea but later on they encourage employees to continue their work in the traditional way as they are reluctant to move away from their comfort zones. However, there is scant number of evidences from Sri Lankan context. Therefore, the objective of the study is to assess the impact of management support on intrapreneurship with special reference to apparel industry in Sri Lanka. With a standard questionnaire, responses were obtained from 240 non-executive employees from three leading apparel sector organizations in Sri Lanka. Results of regression analysis proved that managerial support significantly impacts on intrapreneurship and as a percentage it is 53.2%. Even in reality, intrapreneurs cannot recognize, nurture or inspire without the support of the management. Hence, management of the organization needs to create a better atmosphere not just to create intrapreneurs but also to recognize and encourage such intrapreneurial employees at workplace.
Jaya Surya R, Kranti Kumar M
International Journal of Engineering and Management Research, Volume 11, pp 87-93; doi:10.31033/ijemr.11.2.12

Abstract:
In the world, around 30% of the total solid waste is construction and demolition waste. In India, as per the building material promotion council, 150 million tonnes of C&D waste is generated every year. In the total C&D waste, only one percent which is 6500 tonnes per day is recycled, mentioned in the report released by the Centre for science and environment, New Delhi. There is a rising gap between increasing demand and limited sources in the construction sector of India. It leads to market instability and environmental harm. Linear business model is most commonly used in present times. It is one of the main reasons for the increase of C&D wastes. This linear approach (source-commodity-waste) encourages the one-use of products. It leads to excessive dumping of C&D wastes in landfills, which is not a sustainable practice. Circular business models leads to closed-loop approach (source-commodity-waste-new source). The adoption of circular business models in C&D waste management is the possible solution for the decreasing resources. This study aims to discuss the implementation of various approaches including conceptual models, methods, and tools of circular business models in the C&D waste management in India, which leads to the circular economy and sustainable development. Through the study of recent literature sources, various data related to circular business models, circular economy are collected. Data analysis will be done using the literature review. This research will highlight the socio-economic, environmental benefits, improvements, and the applicability of circular business models in the C&D waste management of India. This paper is concluded that framing strict circular economy policies for India would encourage the implementation of CBM in C&D waste management which reduces the need for fresh resources and ensures sustainable development.
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