International Journal of Engineering and Management Research

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2394-6962 / 2250-0758
Current Publisher: Vandana Publications (10.31033)
Total articles ≅ 415
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Latest articles in this journal

M.S. Prabhu
International Journal of Engineering and Management Research, Volume 11, pp 42-45; doi:10.31033/ijemr.11.1.6

Abstract:
The pilot’s micro sleep often caused by fatigue and/or drowsiness receives increasing attention for the last few years, especially after it became evident that pilot’s micro sleep also one of the major factor causing serious aircraft accidents. The system comprises EOG, EEG and IR module. EEG measures the electrical activity of the brain called brain wave pattern through intrusive electrodes. EOG tapes the electrical potential of eyeball movements and the IR module senses the eye blink frequency. Then all these signals are applied to a robust signal processing unit and microcontroller. When an indicating feature corresponds to the micro sleep events are detected, the warning system is activated. This envisioned micro sleep alerting system would continuously monitor the alertness of the pilot and provides immediate warning signal, when micro sleep detected with high certainty.
Mohanad I. Altuma, Redvan Ghasemlounia
International Journal of Engineering and Management Research, Volume 11, pp 25-30; doi:10.31033/ijemr.11.1.4

Abstract:
This paper pursues to study the challenges to applied sustainable building resources in building construction and to evaluate the factors influencing the choice of construction materials with respect to the concepts of sustainability. The research purpose was accomplished in two parts; in the first part, a conceptual study to establish the reasons why sustainable building resources are restricted usage in construction, and in the second part a conceptual study on sustainable building resources and their properties. In order to encourage sustainability in design and construction, several countries have developed an understanding of sustainable development for buildings. In order to decrease the negative environmental effects of buildings, the construction industry has created sustainable building approaches, where buildings play an important role in greenhouse gases, massive energy, and water use and large land use are important. Ecological design involves designing houses, offices, or other facilities in a way that decreases the ecological impact, that means sustainable buildings, Where the careful equilibrium among economic, environmental, and social well-being of the currency and communities and therefore of the earth looks to sustainability at current. In order to evaluate the degree of sustainability practices, sustainability evaluation systems were established for effective performance at the top level of qualified systems. In sustainable buildings, accredited standards and checklists will be planned, built, and run.
Tai-Yi Liu, Cheng-An Lee, Hong-Kee Tzou, Shiun-Jye Lin, Mao-Yi Chou, Ke-Fan Jhan
International Journal of Engineering and Management Research, Volume 11, pp 18-24; doi:10.31033/ijemr.11.1.3

Abstract:
In the Ankeng Light Rail MRT system (ALRMS) project, the U7 box girder passes crossing the Erbads creek and needs a temporary supporting system for the construction work. In this study, three temporary shoring system options were proposed to be the construction method. The D-B Contractor, New Asia construction and Development Corporation, evaluated and selected the optimal choice, The Steel truss frame with supporting beams, to serve as the temporary supporting system. Compare the deflection of Δmax and Δactual, which are 1.609 cm and 1.59 cm, respectively. This result presented that the shoring system composed of the H912*302*18*37 supporting beams and steel truss frame had achieved outstanding performance and work to construct the U7 box girder. This paper presents how the three options are evaluated and the detailed construction processes along with the survey verification for the method.
Smg Akele, M. Ejededawe, G. A.Udoekong, A. Uwadiae, M. E. Oviawe, B. O. Ayewa
International Journal of Engineering and Management Research, Volume 11, pp 84-92; doi:10.31033/ijemr.11.1.13

Abstract:
Investigations of laminar fluid flow between two moving or stationary plates, and two rotating discs, over the years were geared toward how to increase Tesla-based turbine efficiency. Therefore, this research entails the construction, design and simulation of a Tesla turbine in order to investigate the potential of Tesla turbine for energy generation. Method of solution entails the design and construction of a physical model Tesla turbine from locally sourced materials. The physical model geometry and design parameters were then used to conduct numerical simulation. Performance evaluation was then carried on the physical model and the simulation model. The result showed that voltage, current and power all increase with increase in rev. per minute. The result obtained indicates that for higher power generation, a Tesla turbine design with higher revolution per minute capability will be required. Turbine model simulation showed that radial velocity vector to be concentrated at the discs periphery and outlet. The research results are good references for design of larger Tesla turbine for community use.
Areej A. Alsaadi, Redvan Ghasemlounia
International Journal of Engineering and Management Research, Volume 11, pp 129-133; doi:10.31033/ijemr.11.1.18

Abstract:
This article dealt with construction projects in Iraq, and the research focused on the risks that may affect these projects. The purpose of this study is to determine the risks that construction projects are exposed to in Iraq and the methods of dealing in order to reduce these risks. Sometimes, if the construction projects are similar to each other in terms of configuration, requirements and purpose, then changing the project site is very sufficient to make these projects differ from each other and thus may be exposed to different risks. These are risks that negatively affect the implementation of these projects and may lead to delay or increase in their cost. Here a questionnaire is designed to collect data to identify risks that may occur during the construction project phases. This questionnaire was distributed electronically to several samples in the public and private sectors within state institutions in Iraq. After completion, the risks that these projects may be exposed to were identified. This was done with engineers and managers of companies and projects working in the public, private and joint sectors, and then these risks were analyzed by the Social Sciences for Packet Statistical Test program(SPSS).
Erastus Mishengu Mwanaumo, Kelvin Lungu Agabu
International Journal of Engineering and Management Research, Volume 11, pp 110-122; doi:10.31033/ijemr.11.1.16

Abstract:
Human factors and more generally driver errors account for the largest number of road accidents. Driver errors are external human factors that can contribute to specific error types selected from slip, lapse, mistake and violation. Action and information retrieval errors are both examples of driver errors. The failure to interpret correctly an intended road marking’s message causes driver misunderstanding and lead to a driver error. Centre lines are examples of such markings and if misread or unrecognised may cause unintentional driver violations and unsafe driving. This study focused on the examining of driver understanding of road markings, and the influence of centre lines on their driving behaviour. This study determined that drivers had a much better understanding of the overtaking messages intended by road markings, than the directional flow message. Drivers demonstrated that they relied more on signs and other drivers to determine whether the road is a two-way or not. This study demonstrated that the presence of both centre lines and edge lines have a positive effect on a driver in handling and controlling of their vehicles’ position. It was postulated from this study that the absence of the edge lines has a more significant effect on a vehicle’s position than the absence of centre lines.
N.Vanitha, J.Haritha
International Journal of Engineering and Management Research, Volume 11, pp 72-78; doi:10.31033/ijemr.11.1.11

Abstract:
Customarily, climate expectations are performed with the assistance of enormous complex models of material science, which use distinctive air conditions throughout a significant stretch of time. In this paper, we studied a climate expectation strategy that uses recorded information from numerous climate stations to prepare basic AI models, which can give usable figures about certain climate conditions for the not so distant future inside a brief timeframe These conditions are frequently flimsy on account of annoyances of the climate framework, making the models give mistaken estimates.[1] The model are for the most part run on many hubs in an enormous High Performance Computing (HPC) climate which burns through a lot of energy.. The modes can be run on significantly less asset serious conditions. In this paper we describe that the sufficient to be utilized status of the workmanship methods. Moreover, we described that it is valuable to use the climate stations information from various adjoining territories over the information of just the region for which climate anticipating is being performed.
A .D .S .Thathsara, Jayaranjani Sutha
International Journal of Engineering and Management Research, Volume 11, pp 1-8; doi:10.31033/ijemr.11.1.1

Abstract:
Electronic Human Resource Management (E-HRM) came into existence as a result of the evolution of new technology and it leads to eliminating the administrative burden on HR professionals. Financial institutions are the heart of the financial stability of the economy. Nowadays most financial institutions are widely adopting E-HRM practices in order to achieve sustainable competitive advantage. However, it has been observed that there is a lack of empirical studies regarding this phenomenon in the Sri Lankan context. The main contribution of this study is to enrich the knowledge and investigate the impact of E-HRM practices on organizational performance under the mediation role of organizational agility. Thus, the study focusses on to examine how E-HRM impacts organizational performance, and to determine the mediating role of organizational agility between E-HRM and OP. Questionnaires were distributed by using a convenience sampling method to collect primary data from 40 financial institutions in Sri Lanka. Data analysis was performed using Pearson correlation analysis, regression analysis, descriptive statistics, Baron and Kenny mediator analysis method, and Sobel test. Results of the analysis indicated that E-HRM practices significantly and positively impact organizational performance while organizational agility mediates the relationship between E-HRM practices and OP. Outcomes of this study provided implications like enhancing available literature, to understand the real impact of E-HRM on organizational performance to HR managers. This study also suggests some further research areas for future research.
Omer A. Abuelzein
International Journal of Engineering and Management Research, Volume 11, pp 63-71; doi:10.31033/ijemr.11.1.10

Abstract:
This article aims at measuring the sustainability of the streets of Khartoum using the Pedestrian Environmental Quality Index (P.E.Q.I.). This index has six categories: Intersection safety; traffic; street design; perceived safety; land use; and perceived walkability. Each category has several items. As a case study, Mohammed Najeeb main street is studied since it represents main streets in Khartoum. Results show that the sustainability standard of the studied street is below average (40%). Conclusions are written. And recommendations are drawn.
Victoria O. Akpa, Olalekan U. Asikhia, Adedoyin Okusanya
International Journal of Engineering and Management Research, Volume 11, pp 46-53; doi:10.31033/ijemr.11.1.7

Abstract:
Organizations in different sectors of the Nigerian economy continue to record high cases of misappropriation, embezzlement, immoral and unethical practices, gratifications, high labour turnover, inability to meet basic required obligations, and employees’ dissatisfaction, which have further resulted in poor performance. The theoretical paper dwelled on the concepts of leadership styles as opined by several scholars in the literature and used these as springboards to arrive at elaborate ones that encapsulated all and introduced a range of common and contemporary models and approaches, including an addition of a cutting-edge competitive list to help managers discover, devise and adjust their individual management practice and style for navigation towards a sustainable organizational performance.
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