Journal of Pharmaceutical Technology, Research and Management

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2321-2217 / 2321-2225
Current Publisher: Chitkara University Publications (10.15415)
Total articles ≅ 69
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SHERPA/ROMEO
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R. A. Ahirrao, B. S. Patange, S. V. More
Journal of Pharmaceutical Technology, Research and Management, Volume 7, pp 67-71; doi:10.15415/jptrm.2019.72009

Abstract:
Objective: Natural occurring phenolic compounds play an important role in cancer prevention and shows antimitotic activity. Number of active constituents like phenolic acid, curcuminoids, coumarine, ligans, quinones, etc. is showing antimitotic activity of Momordica dioica. The present work is on phytochemical investigation and examines antimitotic activity of aqueous extract of fruits Momordica dioica at concentration of 15 mg/ml on Allium cepa root meristamatic cells.Methods: The fruits are air dried and extracted with solvents like water by maceration method. The evaluation of antimitotic activity is done by using Allium cepa root meristamatic cells parameters where and methotrexate was used as a standard drugs. Result and discussion: In Allium assay, aqueous extract of fruits of Momordica diocia (15 mg/ml) and methotrexate act against cells of allium roots and lesser the growth of root and mitotic index when compared with distilled water as control group. The result indicated that cytotoxic property is due to presence of phenolic, alkaloids and flavonoids compounds in 15 mg/ml concentration of aqueous extract of Momordica diocia fruits extract.Conclusion: On the basis of result, we concluded that, 15 mg/ml concentration of Momordica dioica fruits shows good antimitotic activity on the Allium cepa root tip assay.
Nidhi Garg, Suman Baishnab, Rosy Das, Kiranjeet Kaur, Saurabh Gupta, Sandeep Arora
Journal of Pharmaceutical Technology, Research and Management, Volume 7, pp 73-86; doi:10.15415/jptrm.2019.72010

Abstract:
Breast cancer is the most common cancer across the globe occurring commonly in women population, and it is one of the main causes of mortality in women. In 2018, 1,62,468 new cases and 87,090 death cases of breast cancer were registered in India. In these recent years, lots of studies were conducted in breast cancer related to treatment and management, but in spite of getting so much advancement in the treatment of breast cancer still, the mortality rate of women is increasing day by day. Numerous factors are acting as barriers or challenges in breast cancer preventive therapy. It includes lack of knowledge regarding the treatment of cancer and patient getting insecure about treatment, fear of having side effects, cost of treatment and the efficacy of the drugs being prescribed. The study intended to determine the perceived insights and barriers to treatment of breast cancer.
R. K. Gupta, Ravi Vishwakarma, Yashwant Giri, Varinder Singh
Journal of Pharmaceutical Technology, Research and Management, Volume 7, pp 59-61; doi:10.15415/jptrm.2019.72007

Abstract:
Peptic ulcer is a condition which results from an imbalance between offensive and defensive factors of gastrointestinal system. The investigation was designed to evaluate the antiulcer activity of Symplocos racemosa whole plant methanol extract (MESR) in rat model of indomethacininduced gastric ulceration. The total acidity, gastric volume, pH and free acidity were measured to determine the anti-ulcer activity of MESR. Pretreatment with MESR (125-500 mg/kg) markedly reduced the indomethacin-induced increase in gastric ulcer index and score. These results revealed that antisecretory effects MESR were responsible for antiulcer activity of MESR.
R. K. Gupta, M. Lohani, R. Vishwakarma
Journal of Pharmaceutical Technology, Research and Management, Volume 7, pp 63-66; doi:10.15415/jptrm.2019.72008

Abstract:
Traditionally, Bryophyllum pinnatum is used in the management of arthritis and inflammatory diseases. However, B. pinnatum has not been analysed previously for anti-inflammatory activity. Hence, this study is designed to determine the anti-inflammatory effects of various fractions of B. pinnatum leaf extract using rat model of formalin-induced paw edema. Treatment with various fractions showed marked decrease in formalin-induced paw volume and edema in rats. The results of BPAAF treatment were comparable to standard drug, diclofenac. These results indicate that B. pinnatum could be developed as ant-inflammatory drug after further studies.
Simran, Amarjot Kaur Grewal, Sandeep Arora, Thakur Gurjeet Singh
Journal of Pharmaceutical Technology, Research and Management, Volume 7, pp 87-95; doi:10.15415/jptrm.2019.72011

Abstract:
Diabetes is the most common and systemic disorder associated with hyperglycemia which is the significant factor in the development of micro- and macrovascular changes. Many mechanistic approaches i.e. activation of Protein kinase C, glycation end products production, hexosamine pathway and polyol pathway induce cellular damage and lead to the development of diabetic complications like nephropathy, neuropathy, retinopathy, and myopathy. One of the adverse effects of long-lasting hyperglycemia is activation of PKC (intracellular signaling enzyme) and has become a field of great research interest. Hence, in this review special emphasis is placed on microvascular complications which are due to activation of PKC. Clinical trials have also been conducted using selective PKC inhibitors and have shown positive results against hyperglycemia.
Kajal Thapa, Savir Kumar, Anurag Sharma, Sandeep Arora, Amarjot Kaur Grewal, Thakur Gurjeet Singh
Journal of Pharmaceutical Technology, Research and Management, Volume 5, pp 235-253; doi:10.15415/jptrm.2017.52014

Abstract:
Epigenetic modification acetylation or deacetylation of histone considered as an important element in various disorders. Histone acetyltransferases (HATs) and histone deacetylases (HDACs) are the enzymes which catalyse the acetylation and deacetylation of histone respectively. It helps in regulating the condensation of chromatin and transcription of genes. Lysine acetylation and deacetylation present on the nucleosomal array of histone is the key factor for gene expression and regulation in a normal working living cell. Modification in histone protein will lead to the development of cancer and can cause various neurodegenerative disorders. To safeguard the cells or histone proteins from these diseases histone deacetylase inhibitors are used. In this review, the main focus is upon the role of histone deacetylases inhibitors in various diseases.
Ajinkya G. Dhandar, Suraj R. Chaudhari, Saurabh B. Ganorkar, Amod S. Patil, Sanjay J. Surana, Atul A. Shirkhedkar
Journal of Pharmaceutical Technology, Research and Management, Volume 5, pp 185-216; doi:10.15415/jptrm.2017.52012

Abstract:
BF is Beta-adreno receptor antagonist and used as an AntiHypertensive Drug. BF gives the blocking action on β1-adrenergic receptors in the heart and vascular smooth muscle. The present review compiles the various approaches implemented for quantification of BF in bulk drug, pharmaceutical matrix and biological fluid. This review represents more than 50 analytical methods which include capillary electrophoresis, HPLC, HPTLC, UV-Spectroscopy, UPLC, impurity profiling and electrochemical methods implemented for estimation of BF as a single component as well as in multicomponent.
Ajmer Singh Grewal, Neelam Sharma, Sukhbir Singh, Sandeep Arora
Journal of Pharmaceutical Technology, Research and Management, Volume 5, pp 149-162; doi:10.15415/jptrm.2017.52010

Abstract:
Phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) and phosphodiesterase 7 (PDE7), members of PDE super family, catalyse metabolism of secondary messenger cyclic adenosine monophosphate leading to augmented inflammatory processes in pro-inflammatory and immune-modulatory cells. Dual inhibitors of PDE4/7 are a novel class of drug candidates which can regulate pro-inflammatory as well as function of immune T-cell and are particularly beneficial for the treatment of various inflammatory diseasesdevoid of unwanted actions. Intense efforts have been directed towards the development of effective dual inhibitors of both PDE4 and PDE7, but not much success has been reported till yet. The aim of present study was to design some newer substituted thiazolidine-2-one derivatives as dual inhibitors of PDE4/7 using structure based rational drug design approach. A new series of thiazolidine-2-one analogues were designed and molecular docking was performed using AutoDock Vina to explore the bondinginteractions of the designed molecules with the amino acid residues in the active site of target proteins. The docking study indicated that all the substituted thiazolidine-2-one derivatives have appreciable binding interactions with protein residues of both PDE4 and PDE7. The newly designed compounds could be used as lead molecules for development potent and non-toxic dual inhibitors of PDE4/7 for the management of various inflammatory conditions.
Harsheen Kaur, Arti Thakkar, Kalpana Nagpal
Journal of Pharmaceutical Technology, Research and Management, Volume 7, pp 1-5; doi:10.15415/jptrm.2019.71001

Abstract:
Development and validation of a simple UV- Spectroscopy method was done for the quantitative analysis of Ellagic Acid (EA). The stock solution of 50μg/ml was prepared and scanned, for which absorption maxima was found to be 277nm. Further dilutions to different concentrations (1-5μg/ml) were prepared and analyzed at 277nm. The method so developed was validated as per ICH guidelines for: linearity, robustness, precision, accuracy, limit of detection and quantification. The Lambert- Beer’s law is followed in the range (1-5μg/ml) with correlation coefficient value 0.9994. It was observed that the method is precise and accurate for EA analysis with good recovery percent of 94.47% to 106.83%. The method developed was further employed for determining the entrapment efficiency of ellagic acid and its release from its nanoparticle dosage form. The method may be utilized for determining the concentration of EA when present as formulation and in combination with other drugs.
Vijaykumar K. Parmar, Deepika Mohanta, Harsh Shah
Journal of Pharmaceutical Technology, Research and Management, Volume 7, pp 7-13; doi:10.15415/jptrm.2019.71002

Abstract:
A simple, precise, and robust high-performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC) method was developed and validated for the determination of berberine chloride and guggulsterone Z in herbal formulation. Chromatographic separation was achieved on aluminium plates precoated with silica gel G60F254 as the stationary phase and toluene-acetonitrile-formic acid (5:3:0.5 v/v/v) as the mobile phase. Densitometric evaluation was carried out at 264 nm. The present method was validated according to ICH guidelines. The Rf value of berberine chloride and guggulsterone Z was found to be 0.40 ± 0.02 and 0.68 ± 0.02, respectively. The response in terms of peak area was found to be linear over the concentration range of 100-500 ng/spot for berberine chloride and 200-1000 ng/spot for guggulsterone Z with regression coefficient value greater than 0.995 for both the phytoconstituents. The method was validated by determining its accuracy, precision, robustness, specificity and system suitability. The method was found to be accurate, precise and robust to carry out the simultaneous estimation of berberine chloride and guggulsterone Z. The developed method was successfully applied for the simultaneous estimation of berberine chloride and guggulsterone Z in herbal formulation.
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